1640-49

<1630-16391650-1659>

* = approximate date

1640

Jan 5

  • Paolo Lorenzani born (Rome) Italian composer, choirmaster. Worked in Italy and France. Died 1713

Jan 21

  • William Davenant’s Salmacida Spolia, the final royal masque of the Caroline era, performed at Whitehall Palace featuring sets by Inigo Jones and music by Lewis Richard

Jan 23

  • Benedetto Ferrari’s opera Il pastor regio [the royal pastor] premiered in Venice. Lib. Ferrari

Jan

  • Francesco Cavalli’s opera Gli amori d’Apollo e di Dafne [the loves of Apollo and Dafni] premiered in Venice. Lib. Giovanni Francesco Busenello

Feb 12

  • Michael Altenburg (55) dies in Erfurt

Feb

  • Claudio Monteverdi’s opera Il ritorno d’Ulisse in patria [the return of Ulysses] premiered in Venice. Lib. G. Badoaro after Homer

Mar 8

  • Guilielmus Messaus (50) dies in Antwerp

Apr 2

  • Paul Fleming (30) dies in Hamburg

Apr 4

  • Gaspar Sanz baptised (Calanda, Spain) Spanish composer, priest, guitarist, theorist, teacher. Professor of Music at the University of Salamanca. Died 1710

Apr 10

  • Agostino Agazzari (61) dies in Siena

Jun 29

  • John Adson (c. 53) dies in London

Aug 8

  • Amalia Catharina born (Bad Arolsen, Germany) Countess of Erbach. German composer, poet. Died 1697

Aug 17

  • Johann Christian Bach born (Erfurt, Germany) German violinist, music administrator. Son of Johannes Hans Bach (1604-73), brother of Johann Aegidius (1645-1716) and Johann Nicolaus (1653-82) Bach, father of Johann Jacob (1668-92) and Johann Christoph (1673-1727) Bach. Died 1682

Nov 4

  • Carlo Mannelli born (Rome) Italian violinist, castrato, composer. Composed around 300 works nearly all of which are missing. Died 1697

Nov 15

  • Nicolaus Adam Strungk baptised (Braunschweig) German composer of 18 operas. Son of Delphin Strungk (c.1600-1694). Died 1700

Nov 25

  • Giles Farnaby (c. 77) buried in London

unk

  • Antonia Bembo born (Venice) Italian composer, singer. Surviving compositions include one opera. Died 1720
  • *Thomas Connellan born (Cloonmahon, Sligo) Irish composer, harpist. Brother of William Connellan (dates unknown) also a harpist and composer. Died 1698
  • *Carolus Hacquart born (Bruges) Flemish composer, viola da gamba player, teacher. Died c.1701
  • Buhurizade Itri born (Istanbul) Turkish composer, poet, teacher. Died 1711
  • *Adriana Basile (c.60) dies in Rome
  • *Francesca Caccini (c. 53) dies in Florence (after May 8)

publications

  • Giovanni Battista Doni’s work on ancient Greek dramatic music Annotazioni sopra il Compendio de’ generi e de’ modi della musica published in Rome
  • Johannes Kapsberger’s collection of works for chitarrone Libro IV d’intavolatura di chitarrone & Libro VI de villanelle for 1 to 3 voices and guitar published in Rome
  • Johann Erasmus Kindermann’s instrumental collection Deliciae studiosorum published in Nuremberg in four volumes (to 1643)
  • Domenico Mazzocchi’s Musiche sacre e morali published in Rome
  • Virgilio Mazzocchi’s Sacrae flores published in Rome
  • Tarquinio Merula’s Arpa Davidica … salmi, et messe published in Venice
  • Giovanni Rigatti’s Messa e salmi parte concertati published in Venice
  • Pietro Paolo Sabbatini’s Canzoni Spirituali published in Rome
  • Giovanni Felice Sances’s Antifone e litanie della Beatissima Vergine published in Venice
  • Samuel Scheidt’s Geistlicher Concerten … vierter Theil published in Halle
  • Paul Siefert’s Psalmen Davids published
  • The Bay Psalm Book published in Cambridge, MA, the second book to be printed in America

Paul Siefert 1586-1666

1641

Jan 14

  • The first Théâtre du Palais-Royal opens in Paris. It burns down in 1763

Jan 29

  • Virgilio Mazzocchi’s opera La Genoinda premiered in Rome, lib. G. Rospigliosi

Feb 7

  • Claudio Monteverdi’s ballet Vittoria d’Amore [victory of love] premiered in Piacenza. Lib. B. Morando

Feb

  • Francesco Usper (c. 70) dies in Venice
  • Marco Marazzoli’s opera L’Amore trionfante dello Sdegno [love triumphant over indignation] premiered in Ferrara. Lib. A. Pio di Savoia, after T. Tasso

Apr

  • Johann Jakob Froberger reappointed as organist at the imperial chapel, Vienna, a post he holds until 1646

Jul 28

  • John Amner (c.62) dies in Ely, Cambridgeshire

Sep 29

  • Franz Tunder appointed organist at the Marienkirche, Lübeck, a post he holds until his death in 1667

Oct 14

  • Joachim Tielke born (Kaliningrad) German luthier. Noted especially for his lutes. Died 1719

unk

  • Estêvão de Brito (c. 70) dies in Malaga (between May and December)

publications

  • Benedetto Ferrari’s Musiche e poesie varie, libro terzo for solo voice and accompaniment published in Venice
  • Andreas Hammerschmidt’s Musicalischer Andachten, ander Theil, das ist, Geistliche Madrigalien published in Freiberg
  • Claudio Monteverdi’s Selva morale e spirituale published in Venice
  • Giovanni Rigatti’s Musiche diverse for solo voice and accompaniment published in Venice
  • Johann Vierdanck’s Ander Theil darinnen begriffen etliche Capricci, Canzoni vnd Sonaten published in Rostock

Andreas Hammerschmidt 1611-75

1642

Jan 11

  • Johann Friedrich Alberti born (Tönning, Germany) German composer, organist. Died 1710

Feb 22

  • Marco Marazzoli’s opera Gli amori di Giasone e d’Isifile [the loves of Jason and Isifile] premiered in Venice. Lib. O. Persiani
  • Luigi Rossi’s opera Il palazzo incantato [the enchanted palace] premiered in Rome. Lib. G. Rospigliosi

Mar 4

  • Marco Marazzoli’s equestrian ballet Le pretensioni del Tebro e del Po [the claims of the Tiber and the Po] premiered in Ferrara

May 3

  • Heinrich Schütz appointed Kapellmeister to the Danish court in Copenhagen

Jul

  • Carlo Farina (c.42) dies in Vienna of the plague

Aug 29

  • Giovanni Battista Buonamente (c. 47) dies in Assissi

Sep 6

  • Georg Christoph Bach born (Erfurt, Germany) German organist, kantor, composer. Son of Christoph Bach (1613-61), brother of Johann Ambrosius (1645-95) & Johann Christoph (1645-93) Bach, father of Johann Valentin Bach (1669-1720). Died 1697

Sep 23

  • Giovanni Maria Bononcini born (Modena) Italian composer, violinist. Father of Giovanni Battista Bononcini (1670-1741) and Antonio Maria Bononcini (1677-1726). Died 1678

Dec 6

  • Johann Christoph Bach I born (Arnstadt, Germany) German composer, organist. Son of Heinrich Bach (1615-92), brother of Johann Michael (1648-94) and Johann Günther (1653-83) Bach, father of Johann Nicolaus (1669-1753), Johann Christoph (b. 1676), Johann Friedrich (1682-1730) and Johann Michael (b. 1685) Bach. Died 1703

unk

  • Benedictus Buns born (Geldern, Germany) German composer, priest, Carmelite monk, organist and organ consultant. Died 1716
  • *Nicolas Vallet (c. 58) dies in Amsterdam

publications

  • Maurizio Cazzati’s Canzoni published in Venice
  • Andreas Hammerschmidt’s Musicalischer Andachten, dritter Theil, das ist, Geistliche Symphonien & Erster Theil weltlicher Oden oder Liebesgesänge published in Freiberg
  • Johann Andreas Herbst’s Musica practica published in Nuremberg, a treatise on the art of singing
  • Johann Erasmus Kindermann’s Concentus Salomonis; Dialogus, Mosis Plag, Sünders Klag, Christi Abtrag; Musicalische Friedens Seufftzer & Opitianischer Orpheus published in Nuremberg
  • Adam Václav Michna’s Obsequium Marianum published in Vienna
  • Giovanni Felice Sances’s Motetti for 2 to 5 voices and accompaniment published in Venice

Johann Andreas Herbst 1588-1666

1643

Jan 15

  • Juan Bautista Comes (74) dies in Valencia

Jan

  • (or Feb) Claudio Monteverdi’s opera L’incoronazione di Poppea [The Coronation of Poppea] premiered in Venice during the carnival. It is the first opera on a historic rather than mythical subject. Lib. Giovanni Francesco Busenello

Feb 10

  • Virgilio Mazzocchi’s proto-oratorio Il Sant’Eustacchio [St Eustace] premiered in Rome, lib. G. Rospigliosi

Feb 25

  • Marco da Gagliano (60) dies in Florence

Mar 1

  • Girolamo Frescobaldi (59) dies in Rome

Apr 20

  • Christoph Demantius (75) dies in Freiberg

May 17

  • Giovanni Picchi (71) dies in Venice

Jun 9

  • Giovanni Battista Gagliano appointed maestro di cappella to the Medici court in Florence

Sep 10

  • Antonio Cesti elected organist of Volterra Cathedral

Nov 29

  • Claudio Monteverdi (76) dies in Venice

Dec 8

  • Antoine Boësset (57) dies in Paris

Dec 10

  • Johann Adam Reincken baptised (Wilshausen, Germany) German composer, organist. Organist at the Katherinenkirche in Hamburg for nearly 60 years (1663-1722). Died 1722

Dec 30

  • Benedetto Ferrari’s opera Il prencipe Giardiniero [Prince Giardiniero] premiered in Venice. Lib. composer

unk

  • Marc-Antoine Charpentier born (Paris) French composer, choirmaster, music director. Composer of mainly vocal works – operas, oratorios and masses. Died 1704
  • Jan Antonín Losy born (Prague) Czech lutenist, composer. Count Losy from 1682. Died 1721

publications

  • Francesco Corbetta’s book of guitar music Varii Capriccii per la Chitarra Spagnola published in Milan
  • Andreas Hammerschmidt’s Ander Theil weltlicher Oden oder Liebesgesänge published in Freiberg
  • Johann Andreas Herbst’s Musica poetica published in Nuremberg, a guide to techniques of composition
  • Johann Erasmus Kindermann’s Dess Erlösers Christi & Musica catechetica published in Nuremberg
  • Giovanni Rigatti’s Messa e salmi ariosi & Motetti for solo voice and accompaniment published in Venice
  • Giovanni Felice Sances’s Salmi concertati published in Venice
  • Marco Scacchi’s treatise Cribrum musicum published in Warsaw

Claudio Monteverdi – L’incoronazione di Poppea (Archiv)

1644

Jan 14

  • Thomas Britton born (Rushden, Leicestershire) English charcoal merchant, singer, concert promoter. Died 1714

Feb 21

  • Giovanni Rovetta succeeds Claudio Monteverdi as maestro di cappella of St Mark’s, Venice

Apr 30

  • Heinrich Schütz leaves his post as Kapellmeister to the Danish court in Copenhagen

Jun 10

  • A Puritan riot in Norwich leads to the destruction of the cathedral’s organ

Jun 17

  • Johann Wolfgang Franck born (Unterschwaningen, Germany) German composer, concert promoter, choirmaster. Composed 17 operas and more than 70 cantatas. Died 1710

Aug 12

  • Heinrich Ignaz Biber born (Stráž pod Ralskem, Czech Rep) German composer, violinist. Noted for his compositions for violin. Father of Carl Heinrich Biber (1681-1749). Died 1704

Sep 6

  • Juan Bautista José Cabanilles born (Algemesi, Spain) Spanish composer, organist. Composed works mainly for keyboard or choir. Died 1712

Oct 1

  • Jean Rousseau born (Moulins, France) French composer, viol player, writer. Died 1699

Dec 23

  • Tomás de Torrejón y Velasco born (Villarrobledo, Spain) Spanish composer, organist, judge. Spent the years 1667 until death in Peru. Maestro di capella at Lima cathedral from 1676 to 1728. Died 1728

unk

  • *Ignazio Albertini born (Milan?) Italian composer, violinist. Died 1685
  • Antonio Stradivari born (Cremona) Italian luthier, possibly the most renowned in history. Built more than 1000 instruments, around two thirds of which survive. Died 1737
  • Sigmund Theophil Staden’s opera Seelewig, lib. Georg Philipp Harsdörffer, premiered in Nuremberg, the earliest extant German opera

publications

  • Massimiliano Neri’s Sonate op.1 published in Venice
  • Samuel Scheidt’s symphony collection LXX Symphonien auff Concerten manir published in Leipzig
  • Barbara Strozzi’s Il Primo Libro de Madrigali; a due, tre, quattro, e cinque voce published in Venice

Barbara Strozzi 1619-77

1645

Feb 9

  • Johann Aegidus Bach born (Erfurt) German violinist, organist, music administrator. Son of Johannes Hans Bach (1604-73), brother of Johann Christian (1640-82) and Johann Nicolaus (1653-82) Bach, father of Johann Bernhard (1676-1749) and Johann Christoph (1685-1740) Bach. Died 1716

Feb 22

  • Johann Ambrosius Bach born (Erfurt) German violinist, trumpeter. Son of Christoph Bach (1613-61), twin brother of Johann Christoph Bach II (1645-93), brother of Georg Christoph Bach (1642-97), father of Johann Christoph (1671-1721), Johann Balthasar (1673-91), Johann Jacob (1682-1722) and JS (1685-1750) Bach. Died 1695
  • Johann Christoph Bach II born (Erfurt) German musician. Son of Christoph Bach (1613-61), twin brother of Johann Ambrosius Bach (1645-95), brother of Georg Christoph Bach (1642-97), father of Johann Ernst (1683-1739), Johann Christoph (1689-1740) Bach. Died 1693

Apr 16

  • Tobias Hume (c. 75) dies in London

Apr 19

  • William Smith (42) dies in Durham

Jul 30

  • Giovanni Legrenzi appointed organist at S Maria Maggiore, Bergamo, a post he holds for 10 years

Sep 24

  • William Lawes (43) shot dead by a Parliamentarian at the Battle of Rowton Heath during the English Civil War

Oct 4

  • Philip Vitali appointed singing teacher in the Grand Ducal Chapel of San Lorenzo in Florence

Nov 30

  • Andreas Werckmeister born (Benneckenstein, Germany) German composer, organist, theorist. Died 1706

Dec 14

  • Francesco Sacrati’s opera La finta pazza [the feigned madwoman], lib. Giulio Strozzi, premiered in Paris – the first opera performed in France

unk

  • *André Maugars (c. 65) dies

publications

  • Giovanni Battista Abbatessa’s collection of guitar pieces Intessatura di varii fiori published in Naples
  • Francesco Foggia’s Concentus ecclesiastici for 2 to 5 voices and organ published in Rome
  • Girolamo Frescobaldi’s keyboard collection Canzoni alla francese in partitura (11 pieces) published in Venice
  • Andreas Hammerschmidt’s Dialogi, oder Gespräche zwischen Gott und einer gläubigen Seelen, erster Theil & Geistlicher Dialogen ander Theil, darinnen Herrn Opitzens Hohes Lied Salomonis published in Dresden
  • Johann Erasmus Kindermann’s organ works Harmonia organica, in tabulaturam germanicam published in Nuremberg in five volumes

William Lawes 1602-45

1646

Feb

  • Jean-Baptiste Lully leaves Italy for Paris

Mar 4

  • Johann Vierdanck (c. 40) dies in Stralsund, Germany

Apr 18

  • Manuel Machado (c. 56) dies in Madrid

Jul 29

  • Johann Theile born (Leipzig) German composer, music theorist, teacher. Died 1724

Aug 25

  • Tarquinio Merula appointed organist at Cremona cathedral, a post he holds until his death in 1665

Sep 11

  • Johann Stobäus (c.66) dies in Kaliningrad

Sep 24

  • Duarte Lobo (c. 80) dies in Lisbon

Sep 25

  • Johann Fischer born (Augsburg) German violinist, keyboard player, composer. Worked in various court orchestras in Germany, Sweden, France, Poland and Latvia. Died in 1716

Oct 3

  • Virgilio Mazzocchi (c. 49) dies in Rome

Oct 7

  • Orazio Benevoli succeeds Virgilio Mazzocchi as maestro di cappella at the Cappella Giulia, St Peter’s, Rome

unk

  • *Vittoria Aleotti (c. 70) dies (dates as early as 1620 have been suggested)

publications

  • Giovanni Battista Granata’s guitar collection Caprici armonici sopra la chittariglia spagnuola op.1 published in Bologna
  • Andreas Hammerschmidt’s Vierter Theil, Musicalischer Andachten, geistlicher Moteten und Concerten published in Freiberg
  • Giovanni Rigatti’s Salmi diversi di Compieta published in Venice

Tarquinio Merula 1594-1665

1647

Feb 12

  • Heinrich Schütz’s Fürstliche Gnade zu Wasser und Lande [princely grace on sea and shore] premiered in Weimar

Feb 17

  • Johann Heermann (61) dies in Leszno, Poland

Mar 2

  • Luigi Rossi’s opera Orfeo premiered in Paris, lib. F. Buti

Mar 15

  • John Milton Sr (c. 84) dies in London

Apr 5

  • John Playford becomes a member of the Yeomanry of the Stationers’ Company in London, entitling him to trade as a publisher

Dec 1

  • Giovanni Battista Doni (c. 54) dies in Florence

Dec 4

  • Daniel Eberlin born (Nuremberg) German composer, Kappelmeister, soldier, librarian. Georg Philipp Telemann’s (1681-1767) father-in-law. Died 1715

Dec 31

  • Giovanni Maria Trabaci (c. 72) dies in Naples

unk

  • Pelham Humfrey born (London) English composer, singer. Died 1674
  • *Michael Wise born (Salisbury?) English composer, organist. Died 1687
  • Marco Uccellini appointed musical director of Modena cathedral, a post he holds until 1665

publications

  • Johann Rudolf Ahle’s Harmonias protopaideumata in quibus monadum seu uniciniorum sacrorum decas prima published in Erfurt
  • Giovanni Battista Doni’s treatise De praestantia musicae veteris libri tres published in Florence
  • Johann Erasmus Kindermann’s Lobgesang über den Frewdenreichen Geburtstag published in Nuremberg
  • Adam Václav Michna’s Česká mariánská muzika published in Prague
  • Giovanni Rigatti’s Motetti libro II for solo voice and accompaniment; Motetti for 2 or 3 voices & Musiche diverse published in Venice
  • Giovanni Felice Sances’s Salmi brevi concertati published in Venice
  • Heinrich Schütz’s Symphoniarum sacrarum secunda pars op.10 published in Dresden
  • Johann Ulrich Steigleder’s organ collection Tabulaturbuch published in Strasbourg

Title page of Adam Václav Michna’s Česká mariánská muzika

1648

Jan 5

  • Francesco Cavalli’s opera Giasone premiered in Venice. Lib. G.A. Cicognini after Apollonius

Jan

  • Henry Aldrich born (London) English theologian, philosopher, architect, composer, music collector. Died 1710

Jun 3

  • Maurizio Cazzati appointed maestro di cappella of the Accademia della Morte, Ferrara

Jul 2

  • Arp Schnitger born (Brake, Germany) German organ builder. Nearly 50 of around 150 organs built by Schnitger still survive in Germany, Netherlands, Portugal and Brazil. Died 1719

Aug 9

  • Johann Michael Bach born (Arnstadt, Germany) German composer, organist, instrument builder, town clerk of Gehren. Son of Heinrich Bach (1615-92), brother of Johann Christoph (1642-1703) and Johann Günther (1653-1683) Bach, father of Maria Barbara Bach (1684-1720), Johann Sebastian Bach’s first wife. Died 1694

Sep 1

  • Marin Mersenne (59) dies in Paris of a lung abscess

Sep 6

  • Johann Schelle born (Geising, Germany) German composer, singer. Died 1701

Nov 17

  • Thomas Ford (c. 68) dies in London

Dec 7

  • Giovanni Maria Capelli born (Italy) Italian composer. Died 1726

Dec 26

  • Adam Jarzębski (c. 58) signs his will and dies in Warsaw within a month

unk

  • Michael East (c. 68) dies in Lichfield, Staffordshire

publications

  • Johann Rudolf Ahle’s Himmel-süsse Jesus-Freude & Erster Theil geistlicher Dialogen published in Erfurt
  • Maurizio Cazzati’s Il secondo libro delle sonate published in Venice
  • Francesco Corbetta’s book of guitar music Varii Scherzi di Sonate per la Chitara Spagnola published in Brussels
  • Johann Erasmus Kindermann’s Eines Christglaubigen Bekenners Hertzens Seuffzere published in Nuremberg
  • Virgilio Mazzocchi’s Piae meditationes de passione D. N. Jesu Christi & Psalmi vespertini published in Rome
  • Adam Václav Michna’s Officium vespertinum published in Prague
  • Giovanni Rigatti’s Messa e salmi libro II published in Venice
  • Giovanni Felice Sances’s Antiphonae sacrae Beatae Mariae Virginis per totum annum published in Venice
  • Heinrich Schütz’s Musicalia ad chorum sacrum, das ist: Geistliche Chor-Music … erster Theil op.11 published in Dresden

Francesco Cavalli – Giasone (Harmonia Mundi)

1649

Jan 20

  • Antonio Cesti’s opera Orontea premiered in Venice. Lib. Giacinto Andrea Cicognini

Feb 23

  • John Blow born (North Collingham, Nottinghamshire) English composer, organist, teacher. Organist at Westminster Abbey, choirmaster at St Paul’s cathedral and composer to the Chapel Royal. Taught Henry Purcell. Died 1708

Feb 27

  • Johann Philipp Krieger born (Nuremberg) German composer, organist. Six collections of music were published in his lifetime – two of arias, two of sonatas, one of cantatas and one of quartets. Brother of Johann Krieger (1652-1735). Died 1725

Mar 12

  • Govert Bidloo born (Amsterdam) Dutch physician, poet, playwright. Librettist for the first Dutch opera, Johan Schenck’s Ceres, Venus en Bacchus (1686). Personal physician to William III of Orange. Died 1713

Apr 3

  • Joseph François Salomon born (Toulon) French composer, viol player, keyboard player. Died 1732

Apr 23

  • Andreas Kneller born (Lübeck, Germany) German composer, organist. Died 1724

Apr 29

  • Giovanni Valentini (c. 66) dies in Vienna

May 3

  • Johann Valentin Meder born (Wasungen, Germany) German composer, organist, singer, choirmaster. Died 1719

Oct 1

  • Johann Heinrich Schmelzer appointed violinist in the Vienna court orchestra

Oct 25

  • Giovanni Antonio Rigatti (c. 35) dies in Venice of a fever

Dec 8

  • Martin Rinckart (63) dies in Eilenburg, Germany

Dec 17

  • Philip Vitali leaves his position as maestro di cappella at the Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore in Bergamo

unk

  • *Jacques Boyvin born (Paris) French composer, organist. Died 1706
  • Pieter Bustijn born (Belgium) Flemish composer, organist, harpsichordist. Died 1729
  • Johann Jakob Froberger’s manuscript collection Libro Secundo compiled and written

publications

  • Andreas Hammerschmidt’s Motettae published in Dresden & Dritter Theil geist- und weltlicher Oden und Madrigalien published in Leipzig
  • Alberich Mazak’s Cultus harmonicus opus I, a collection of his works, published in Vienna
  • Giovanni Felice Sances’s Capricci poetici published in Venice

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