1550-99

<1500-15491600-1609>

* = approximate date

1550

  • Feb 26 Robin Mallapert succeeds François Roussel as maestro di cappella of the Cappella Giulia, St. Peter’s, Rome
  • Jul 3 Jacobus Gallus aka Jacob Handl born (Carniola, Slovenia) Slovenian composer, singer, choirmaster. Died 1591
  • Dec 6 Orazio Vecchi baptised (Modena) Italian composer, priest, choirmaster. Composer of madrigal-comedies, a forerunner of opera. His L’Amfiparnaso is the first known to be performed (1594). Died 1605
  • Dec 28 Vicente Espinel born (Ronda, Spain) Spanish writer, guitarist, poet, priest. Credited with the addition of the 5th string to the guitar. Died 1624
  • *Ippolito Baccusi born (Mantua) Italian composer. Choirmaster of Verona Cathedral 1592-1609. Died 1609
  • *Francis Cutting born (Norfolk) English lutenist, composer. Died 1596
  • *Emilio de’ Cavalieri born (Rome) Italian composer, organist, choreographer, teacher. Member of the Camerata in Florence. Died 1602
  • *Giovanni Giacomo Gastoldi born (Caravaggio, Italy) Italian composer, organist. Choimaster at the ducal chapel in Mantua 1592-1608. Died 1609
  • *Simon Lohet born (Liege) Flemish composer, organist. Died 1611
  • *Alessandro Orologio born (Italy) Italian composer, trumpeter. Died 1633
  • *Laura Peverara born (Mantua) Italian singer, harpist, dancer. Founding member of Concerto delle donne. Died 1601
  • *Sebastian Raval born (Cartagena, Spain) Spanish composer. Died 1604
  • *Mikolaj Zielenski born (Poland) Polish composer. Died c.1615
  • *Silvestro Ganassi dal Fontego (c.58) dies in Venice
  • *Pierre Moulu (c. 66) dies
  • *Claudio Veggio (c. 40) dies

publications

  • Heinrich Faber’s music textbook Ad musicam practicam introductio [practical introduction to music] published in Nuremberg
  • Choralis Constantinus, a collection of motets by Heinrich Isaac and Ludwig Senfl, published in Nuremberg in three volumes, the third in 1555
  • John Marbeck’s Booke of Common Praier noted published in London, an early English language prayer book and psalter
  • Cipriano de Rore’s madrigal book Il primo libro de madregali for 4 voices published in Ferrara
  • Adrian Willaert’s Salmi spezzati, a collection of antiphonal polychoral sacred music, published in Venice

1551

  • Aug 12 Paul Speratus (66) dies in Kwidzyn, Poland
  • Aug The music printers Le Roy and Ballard founded in Paris – cousins Adrien Le Roy and Robert Ballard
  • Sep 1 Palestrina appointed leader of the boys’ choir school at the Capella Giulia, St Peter’s, Rome
  • Sep 11 Francisco Guerrero appointed vice-maestro de capilla at Seville Cathedral
  • Oct 8 Giulio Caccini born (Rome) Italian composer, singer, lutenist, gardener. Opera pioneer. Father of Francesca (1587-1638) and Settimia (1591-1638). Died 1618
  • Nov 27 Cristobal de Morales appointed maestro de capilla at Malaga Cathedral
  • Dec 3 Loys Bourgeois imprisoned for changing psalm tunes without a license
  • Benedetto Pallavicino born (Cremona) Italian composer, organist. Choirmaster at the Mantua court 1596-1601. Died 1601
  • Paolo Virchi born (Brescia) Italian composer, organist. Died 1610
  • Sebastián de Vivanco Born (Avila, Spain) Spanish composer, priest, teacher. Died 1622
  • *Jean l’Héritier (c. 70) dies

publications

  • Adrien Le Roy’s book of lute music Premier Livre de Tablature de Luth published in Paris
  • Tielman Susato’s collection of dance music et derde musyck boexken alderhande danserye published in Antwerp

1552

  • Jan Pierre Phalèse granted an official patent to print music in Louvain, Belgium
  • Feb 26 Heinrich Faber (c. 52) dies in Oelsnitz, Germany
  • Nov 30 Annibale Padovano appointed organist at St Mark’s, Venice, a post he holds until 1565
  • Dec 21 Heliodoro de Paiva dies in Coimbra, Portugal. Born in Lisbon, date unknown. Augustinian monk, composer, theologian
  • Girolamo Belli born (Argenta, Italy) Italian composer, teacher, singer. Died c.1620
  • Pierre Attaingnant (c.58) dies in Paris

publications

  • Pierre Certon’s collection of songs for 4 voices Premier livre de chansons published in Paris
  • Adrianus Petit Coclico’s Consolationes piae: musica reservata, a collection of 41 motets, published in Nuremberg
  • Hans Gerle’s third collection of lute music, Eyn newes sehr künstlichs Lautenbuch, published in Nuremberg including pieces by Francesco Canova, Giovanni Maria da Crema and Domenico Bianchini

1553

  • Feb 4 Caspar Othmayr (37) dies in Nuremberg
  • Jun 14 Cristóbal de Morales (41) dies in Marchena, Spain
  • Oct 18 Luca Marenzio born (Brescia) Italian composer of madrigals and villanelle, singer, lutenist. Died 1599
  • Dec 10 Diego Ortiz’s book on the viola da gamba, Trattado de Glosas, published in Rome
  • Johannes Eccard born (Mühlhausen) German composer, singer, conductor. Died 1611
  • *Edmund Hooper born (North Halberton, Devon) English composer, organist, choirmaster, singer. Died 1621
  • *Leonhard Lechner born (Val di Adige, Austria) Austrian composer, editor, singer, teacher. Died 1606
  • Mateo Flecha el Viejo (c. 72) dies in Poblet, Catalonia
  • *Matteo Rampollini (c.56) dies

publications

  • Christopher Tye’s collection of anthems Actes of the Apostles published in London

1554

  • Feb 6 Arnold von Bruck (c. 53) dies in Linz
  • Feb 24 Philip van Wilder (c. 54) dies in London
  • May 20 Paolo Bellasio born (Verona) Italian composer, organist. Died 1594
  • Oct 25 Bartolomé de Escobedo leaves the papal choir in Rome
  • *Emmanuel Adriaenssen born (Antwerp) Flemish composer, lutenist. Died 1604
  • *Elway Bevin born (Wales) Welsh composer, organist. Died 1638
  • *Girolamo Diruta born (Perugia) Italian organist, theorist, composer, Franciscan monk. Died c.1610
  • *John Mundy born (Windsor?) English composer, organist. Son of William Mundy (1529-91). Died 1630

publications

  • Miguel de Fuenllana’s six volume collection of his own music Orphénica Lyra published in Seville
  • Adrien Le Roy’s collection of guitar music Cinquiesme Livre de Guiterre published in Paris
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s mass collection Missarum liber primus for 4 to 6 voices published in Rome
  • Thomas Tallis’s mass Puer natus est nobis published in London

1555

  • Jan 13 Palestrina appointed to the Sistine Chapel, but forced out shortly after when Pope Paul IV re-enforces rules of celibacy
  • Jan Giovanni Animuccia appointed magister cantorum at the Cappella Giulia, Rome, a post he holds until his death in 1571
  • Feb 25 Alonso Lobo born (Osuna, Spain) Spanish composer, singer. Died 1617
  • Jun 11 Lodovico Zacconi born (Pesaro, Italy) Italian composer, music theorist, priest. Author of Prattica di Musica (1592, 1622). Died 1627
  • Oct 1 Palestrina appointed maestro di cappella of San Giovanni in Laterano, a position he holds until 1560
  • Oct Miguel de Fuenllana’s six volume collection of works for vihuela and guitar, Orphenica lyra, published in Seville. About one third of the works are original compositions
  • *Manuel Rodrigues Coelho born (Elvas, Portugal) Portuguese organist, composer of keyboard music. Died 1635
  • *Giovanni Gabrieli born (Venice) Italian composer, organist, music editor, teacher. Composer of motets and madrigals. Nephew of Andrea Gabrieli (1532-85). Died 1612
  • *Paolo Quagliati born (Chioggia, Italy) Italian composer, organist. Died 1628
  • Jacob Clemens non Papa (c. 45) dies in Diksmuide, Belgium

publications

  • Francisco Guerrero’s motet collection Sacrae cantiones, vulgo moteta nuncupata for 4 and 8 voices published in Seville
  • Orlande de Lassus’s song collection for 4 voices Il primo libro dove si contengono madrigali, vilanesche, canzoni francesi, e motetti published in Antwerp & madrigal book Il primo libro di madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Costanzo Porta’s motets Motectorum … liber primus for 5 voices & madrigals ll primo libro de madrigali for 4 voices published in Venice
  • Nicola Vicentino’s book on ancient Greek music theory, L’antica musica ridotta alla moderna prattica [ancient music adapted to modern practice] published in Rome

1556

  • Feb 21 Sethus Calvisius born (Gorsleben, Germany) German theorist, composer, astronomer, teacher. Died 1615
  • Mar 4 Leonhard Kleber (c.61) dies in Pforzheim, Germany
  • Jun 10 Martin Agricola (70) dies in Magdeburg
  • Jun 13 Pomponio Nenna born (Bari) Italian composer. Published 7 books of madrigals. Died 1613
  • Aug 10 Philipp Nicolai born (Bad Arolsen, Germany) German pastor, poet, composer. Died 1608
  • Oct 21 Claudio Merulo appointed organist at Brescia Cathedral
  • *Johannes Nucius born (Görlitz, Poland) German composer, music theorist, Cistercian monk. Died 1620
  • Jakob Paix born (Augsburg) German organist, composer, schoolteacher. Died c.1623
  • Orlande de Lassus joins the court chapel of Duke Albrecht V of Bavaria in Munich as a singer

publications

  • Hermann Finck’s Practica musica [practical music] published in Wittenberg
  • Orlande de Lassus’s motet collection Il primo libro de mottetti for 5 or 6 voices published in Antwerp
  • Adrien Le Roy’s collection of guitar pieces Second Livre de Guiterre published in Paris

1557

  • Feb 15 Alfonso Fontanelli born (Reggio Emilia, Italy) Italian composer, writer, statesman. Died 1622
  • Apr 21 Girolamo Parabosco (c. 32) dies in Venice
  • Jul 2 Claudio Merulo appointed organist at S Marco, Venice, a post he holds until 1584
  • Sep 16 Jacques Mauduit born (Paris) French composer, music administrator, Died 1627
  • Giovanni Croce born (Chioggia, Italy) Italian composer, priest, choirmaster. Maestro di cappella of St Mark’s, Venice 1603-09. Died 1609
  • Wojciech Długoraj born (Poland) Polish composer, lutenist (approx date). Died c.1619
  • Carolus (Charles) Luython born (Antwerp) Flemish composer, organist. Worked for Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II. Died 1620
  • *Thomas Morley born (Norwich) English composer, music theorist, organist, publisher, spy. Died 1602
  • Thomas Créquillon (c. 67) dies of the plague in Béthune, France
  • *Nicholas Ludford (c. 72) dies in London
  • *Enríquez de Valderrábano (c.57) dies

publications

  • Jacques Arcadelt’s collection of 3 masses Missa tres; magnificats Magnificat primi toni & 3 volumes of lamentations Lamentationes Jeremiae published in Paris
  • Orlande de Lassus’s madrigal collection Secondo libro delle muse, madrigali … for 5 voices published in Rome
  • Cipriano de Rore’s madrigal collections Il quarto libro de madregali (5 voices) and Il secondo libro de madregali (4 voices) published in Venice
  • Adrien Le Roy’s lute instruction book Instruction de Luth published in Paris

1558

  • Aug Annibale Zoilo joins the Cappella Giulia choir in Rome
  • Nov 17 Hugh Aston (c. 73) dies in Leicester
  • Dec 28 Hermann Finck (31) dies in Wittenberg
  • Dec John Sheppard (c. 43) dies in London
  • Giovanni Bassano born (Venice?) Italian composer, cornettist, teacher. Died 1617
  • Pedro Bermúdez born (Granada, Spain) Spanish composer, chapel master. Died 1605
  • *Pierre Cadéac dies. Birth date unknown, birthplace probably Cadéac, France. Composer, singer, choirmaster
  • Clément Janequin (c. 73) dies in Paris

publications

  • Giaches de Wert’s madrigal collection Il primo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Gioseffo Zarlino’s highly influential book on music theory, Le istitutioni harmoniche, published in four parts in Venice

1559

  • Mar 1 Alessandro Striggio enters the service of the Duke of Florence
  • Apr 24 Nicolas Payen (c. 47) dies in Madrid
  • May 23 Christopher Tye appointed organist and choirmaster at Ely Cathedral
  • Oct 2 Jacquet of Mantua (c. 76) dies in Mantua
  • Oct 3 Cipriano de Rore leaves his position of maestro di cappella at the court of Duke Alfonso II d’Este in Ferrara

publications

  • Adrien Le Roy’s lute collection Sixiesme Livre de Luth published in Paris
  • Costanzo Porta’s motets Liber primus motectorum for 4 voices & madrigals ll primo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Adrian Willaert’s collection of madrigals and motets Musica Nova published by Antonio Gardane in Venice

1560

  • Jan 29 Scipione Dentice born (Naples) Italian composer of keyboard music. Died 1633
  • Aug 3 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina quits as maestro di cappella of S Giovanni Laterano in Rome
  • Aug 10 Hieronymus Praetorius born (Hamburg) German composer, organist. Father of Jacob Praetorius (1586-1651). Died 1629
  • *Felice Anerio born (Rome) Italian composer, singer, choirmaster. Brother of Giovanni Francesco Anerio (1567-1630). Died 1614
  • *Juan Esquivel Barahona born (Ciudad Rodrigo, Spain) Spanish composer, choirmaster. Died c.1613
  • *Giulio Belli born (Longiano, Italy) Italian composer, kappelmeister, Franciscan monk. Died c.1621
  • *William Brade born (England) English composer, violinist, viol player. Worked mostly in Germany and Denmark. Died 1630
  • *Ruggiero Giovannelli born (Viettri, Italy) Italian composer, choirmaster, singer. Died 1625
  • *Giovanni Bernardino Nanino born (Vallerano, Italy) Italian composer, singer, teacher, choirmaster. One of the earliest composers to add organ accompaniment to church works. Brother of  Giovanni Maria Nanino (1543-1607). Died 1623
  • *August Nörmiger born (Dresden) German organist, composer. Died 1613
  • *Peter Philips born (Devon) English composer, organist, singer, Catholic priest. Exiled from England because of his Catholicism from 1582. Died 1628
  • Lodovico Grossi da Viadana born (Viadana, Italy) Italian composer, choirmaster, Franciscan monk. Died 1627
  • *Nicholas Yonge born (Lewes, Sussex) English singer, publisher, music editor. Died 1619
  • *Gasparo Alberti (c. 75) dies in Bergamo
  • *Benedictus Appenzeller (c. 75) dies in Brussels
  • *Francesco Bendusi (c.40) dies in Venice
  • *Nicolas Gombert (c. 65) dies in Tournai
  • *Jacques Moderne (c. 65) dies in Lyons
  • *Luis de Narváez (c.60) dies

publications

  • Orlande de Lassus’s madrigal collection Il primo libro di madrigali for 4 voices published in Venice
  • Alessandro Striggio’s madrigal collections ll primo libro de madrigali for 5 voices & ll primo libro de madrigali for 6 voices published in Venice

1561

  • Feb 15 Cornelius Canis (c. 55) dies in Prague
  • Mar 1 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina appointed by Pope Pius IV as maestro di cappella of Santa Maria Maggiore Basilica in Rome
  • May Luzzasco Luzzaschi appointed organist at the Este court in Ferrara
  • Jul 9 Sebald Heyden (61) dies in Nuremberg
  • Jul 17 Jacopo Corsi born (Florence) Italian patron, composer. Producer of Jacopo Peri’s operas Dafne & Euridice. Died 1602
  • Aug 15 Sebastian Aguilera de Heredia born (Zaragoza) Spanish composer, organist. Died 1627
  • Aug 20 Jacopo Peri born (Rome) Italian composer, organist, singer, opera pioneer. Wrote the opera Dafne, considered the first. Died 1633
  • Philippe Rogier born (Arras, France) French composer. Died 1596
  • *Loys Bourgeois (c. 45) dies in Paris
  • *Luis de Milán (c. 61) dies in Valencia
  • *Sandrin (c. 71) dies in Italy

publications

  • Jacques Arcadelt’s song book Quatorsiesme livre de chansons published in Paris
  • Nicola Vicentino’s Descrizione dell’arciorgano describing his “super-organ” published in Venice
  • Giaches de Wert’s madrigal collections Il primo libro de madrigali for 4 voices and Madrigale del fiore [flower madrigals] (2 volumes) published in Venice

1562

  • Jan 20 Ottavio Rinuccini born (Florence) Italian librettist, poet. The librettist for Jacopo Peri’s opera Dafne & Monteverdi’s Arianna among others. Died 1621
  • Feb 14 Giovanni Artusi joins the priesthood
  • Sep 29 Robert Whyte succeeds Christopher Tye as choirmaster at Ely cathedral
  • Sep The Catholic Council of Trent decrees that the words of the Mass should be clear and not set to music ‘contrived for the empty delight of the ears’
  • Oct 13 Claudin de Sermisy (c. 72) dies in Paris
  • Dec 7 Adrian Willaert (c. 72) dies in Venice
  • Dec 18 Philipp Dulichius born (Chemnitz) German composer, teacher. Wrote more than 200 motets. Died 1631
  • Dec 25 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s graduale Dies sanctificatus [holy day] premiered in Rome
  • Dec 26 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s antiphon Lapidabant Stephanum [they stoned Stephen] premiered in Rome
  • Dec 27 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s antiphon Valde honorandus est [who is great] premiered in Rome
  • *John Bull born (Radnor, Wales?) English composer, organist, organ builder, singer. Died 1628
  • John Milton Sr born (London) English poet, composer, singer. Father of the poet John Milton (1608-74). Died 1647
  • Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck born (Deventer, Netherlands) Dutch composer, organist, harpsichordist, teacher. Organist at old Church, Amsterdam 1580-1621. Wrote more than 250 vocal works and 70 keyboard pieces. Died 1621
  • *Jean Titelouze born (Saint-Omer, France) French composer, organist, poet. Died 1633
  • *Adrianus Petit Coclico (c. 63) dies in Copenhagen

publications

  • Orlande de Lassus’s Sacrae cantiones [sacred songs] for 5 voices published in Nuremberg
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525-1594)

Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525-1594)

1563

  • Jan 1 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s antiphon Magnum hæreditatis mysterium [the great mystery of heritage] premiered in Rome
  • Jan 6 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s antiphon Tribus miraculis [three miracles] premiered in Rome
  • Feb 1 Giovanni Domenico da Nola appointed maestro di cappella at the SS Annunziata, Naples, a post he holds until his death in 1592
  • Feb 2 Hans Neusidler (54) dies in Nuremberg
  • Feb 2 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s antiphon Virgo hodie blessed [blessed Virgin today] premiered in Rome
  • Mar 25 William Byrd appointed Organist and Master of the Choristers at Lincoln Cathedral
  • Mar 28 Heinrich Glarean (74) dies in Freiburg
  • Apr 12 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motet Jesus junxit se [Jesus himself drew near] premiered in Rome
  • May 23 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s antiphon O rex gloria [King of glory] premiered in Rome
  • May 25 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s antiphon Ave Maria [hail Mary] premiered in Rome
  • May 30 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s antiphon Loquebantur variis Linguis [love me] premiered in Rome
  • Jun 6 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motet Benedicta Sit Sancta Trinitas [Blessed be the Holy Trinity] premiered in Rome
  • Jun 29 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motet Tu es pastor ovium [You are a shepherd] premiered in Rome
  • Aug 10 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motet Beatus Laurentius [St Lawrence] premiered in Rome
  • Aug 11 Bartolomé de Escobedo (c. 63) dies in Segovia
  • Aug 15 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motet Quae east ista [Which is like a giant] premiered in Rome
  • Aug 29 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motet Misso Herodes spiculatore [Herod sent an executioner] premiered in Rome
  • Sep 8 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motet Nativitas tua [your birth] premiered in Rome
  • Nov 1 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motet Salvator mundi [saviour of the world] premiered in Rome
  • Nov 11 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motet O quantus luctus [oh what sorrow] premiered in Rome
  • Nov 21 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motet Congratulamini mihi [rejoice with me] premiered in Rome
  • Nov 22 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motet Dum aurora [as dawn] premiered in Rome
  • Nov 30 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motet Doctor bonus [a good teacher] premiered in Rome
  • Dec 8 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motet Quam Pulchri sunt gressus tui [how beautiful are your feet] premiered in Rome
  • *John Dowland born (London) English composer, lutenist, singer. Published 87 songs and 21 instrumentals, mainly for solo lute. Died 1626
  • *Giles Farnaby born (Truro) English composer, teacher. Died 1640
  • Anna Guarini born (Ferrara) Italian singer, member of the Concerto delle donne. Murdered 1598
  • Cornelis Verdonck born (Turnhout, Belgium) Flemish composer, singer. Died 1625
  • Francisco de Soto (c. 63) dies
  • Orlande de Lassus becomes kappelmeister at the court chapel of Duke Albrecht V of Bavaria in Munich

publications

  • Giovanni Animuccia’s Il primo libro delle laudi [first book of hymns] for 4 voices published in Rome
  • Francisco Guerrero’s magnificats Canticum beatae Mariae published in Leuven
  • Orlande de Lassus’s madrigals Il terzo libro di madrigali for 5 voices published in Rome
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motets for saints days Motecta festorum totius anni cum Communi Sanctorum … liber primus for 4 voices published in Rome
  • Giaches de Wert’s madrigals Il terzo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice

1564

  • Feb 21 William Mundy appointed Gentleman of the Chapel Royal in London
  • Jun Jean de Bonmarché arrives in Madrid to take up his position as maestro de capilla of the Flemish chapel (capilla flamenca)
  • Oct 5 Pierre de Manchicourt (c. 54) dies in Madrid
  • Oct 26 Hans Leo Hassler born (Nuremberg) German composer, organist. Brother of Jakob Hassler (1569-1622). Died 1612
  • Nov 6 John Danyel born (Bath) English lutenist, composer. Died 1626
  • Kryštof Harant born (Klatovy, Czech Rep) Czech composer, protestant rebel, writer. Executed 1621
  • Purandara Dasa (c. 80) dies
  • Luzzasco Luzzaschi, aged 19, becomes the first organist at the Este court in Ferrara, a position he holds for life

publications

  • Orlande de Lassus’s songbooks Le premier livre de chansons published in Antwerp and Quatriesme livre des chansons published in Leuven & Primus liber concentuum sacrorum [first book of sacred harmonies] for 5 or 6 voices published in Paris
  • Giovanni Domenico da Nola’s Il secondo libro de madrigali [second book of madrigals] published in Rome
  • Giaches de Wert’s Il secondo libro de madrigali [second book of madrigals] for 5 voices published in Venice

1565

  • Jan 9 Costanzo Porta appointed maestro di cappella of the Basilica of St. Anthony of Padua
  • Apr 28 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s Missa Papae Marcelli [Mass of Pope Marcellus] premiered in Rome
  • May 20 Cristoforo Malvezzi appointed organist at the Holy Trinity Church, Florence
  • Jul 5 Gioseffo Zarlino appointed maestro di cappella at San Marco, Venice
  • Jul 13 David Köler (c.33) dies in Zwickau
  • Aug 2 Annibale Padovano leaves his position as organist at San Marco, Venice
  • Aug 28 Jacob Buus (c. 65) dies
  • Aug 31 Firmin Lebel leaves his position as maestro di cappella of the papal choir, Rome
  • Sep 19 Duarte Lobo born (Alcáçovas, Portugal) Portuguese composer, choirmaster, teacher. Died 1646
  • Sep Cipriano de Rore (49) dies in Parma
  • Dec 22 Jacobus de Kerle appointed Kappelmeister at the Ypres Cathedral
  • *Gregor Aichinger born (Augsburg) German composer, organist. Died 1628
  • William Barley born (Warwicks?) English bookseller, music publisher. Died 1614
  • *Michael Cavendish born (London) English composer of madrigals and lute music, lutenist. Died 1628
  • *John Farmer born (Oxford?) English composer of madrigals, organist. Died c.1601
  • *George Kirbye born (Bury St Edmunds?) English composer of motets and madrigals. Died 1634
  • *Ascanio Mayone born (Naples) Italian composer, harpist, organist, choirmaster. Died 1627
  • *Francis Pilkington born (Chester?) English composer, lutenist, singer. Clerk at Chester Cathedral 1602-38. Died 1638
  • *Pedro Ruimonte born (Zaragoza) Spanish composer, choirmaster, singer. Died 1627

publications

  • Giovanni Animuccia’s madrigal collection Il primo libro di madrigali for 3 voices published in Rome
  • Andrea Gabrieli’s hymns Sacrae cantiones, liber primus published in Venice
  • Orlande de Lassus’s motet collection Modulorum secundum volumen and song collection Dixhuictieme livre des chansons published in Paris and Perornatae sacrae cantiones … liber secundus [ornate sacred songs book 2] published in Venice
  • Diego Ortiz’s book of sacred music Musices liber primus hymnos, Magnificas, Salves, motecta, psalmos published in Venice
  • Cipriano de Rore’ book of madrigals for four and five voices Le vive fiamme de’ vaghi e dilettevoli madrigali published in Venice
  • Tomás de Santa María’s book on keyboard technique Arte de tañer fantasía published in Valladolid

1566

  • Mar 8 Carlo Gesualdo born (Venosa, Italy) Italian composer, lutenist, Prince of Venosa, double murderer. Wrote madrigals, motets and hymns. Died 1613
  • Mar 26 Antonio de Cabezón (c. 55) dies in Madrid
  • Nov 6 Julien Perrichon born (Paris) French composer, lutenist. Died c.1600
  • Dec 1 François Roussel appointed maestro di cappella of the Church of St. Louis of France, Rome
  • Dec 11 Manuel Cardoso born (Fronteira, Portugal) Portuguese composer, choirmaster, organist, singer, Carmelite monk. Died 1650
  • Dec 30 Alessandro Piccinini born (Bologna) Italian lutenist, composer. Died 1638
  • Pietro Cerone born (Bergamo) Italian music theorist, singer, author of controversial treatise El melopeo y maestro. Died 1625
  • *Giulio Cesare Martinengo born (Verona) Italian composer, teacher. Died 1613
  • Andrea Gabrieli appointed organist at San Marco Basilica, Venice, a post he keeps until his death in 1585
  • Claudio Merulo appointed first organist at St Mark’s, Venice (until 1584)
  • Palestrina appointed maestro at the Seminario Romano in Rome
  • Alessandro Striggio’s mass Missa sopra Ecco sì beato giorno composed

publications

  • Andrea Gabrieli’s madrigal collection Il primo libro di madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Francisco Guerrero’s book of masses Liber primus missarum published in Paris
  • Orlande de Lassus’s book of masses Liber missarum liber primus for 4 to 6 voices & books 2 to 4 of  Sacrae cantiones [sacred songs] published in Venice
  • Mattheus de Maistre’s hymnal Geistliche und Weltliche teutsche Geseng published in Wittenberg
  • Claudio Merulo’s Il primo libro de’ madrigali a cinque voci [first book of madrigals for five voices] published in Venice
  • Costanzo Porta’s mass collections for 5 voices Musica introitus missarum … in diebus dominicis & Musica introitus missarum … in solemnitatibus omnium sanctorum published in Venice
  • Cipriano de Rore’s Il quinto libro de madregali [fifth book of madrigals] for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Antonio Scandello’s Il primo libro delle canzone napolitane [first book of Neopolitan song] for 4 voices published in Nuremberg
  • Giaches de Wert’s motets Motectorum liber primus for 5 voices published in Venice

1567

  • Jan 4 Joachim van den Hove born (Antwerp) Flemish composer, lutenist, teacher. Died 1620
  • Jan 8 Jacobus Vaet (c. 37) dies in Vienna
  • Jan 13 Costanzo Porta appointed maestro di cappella of Ravenna cathedral
  • Jan 21 Francisco de Salinas appointed to the chair of theoretical and practical music at the University of Salamanca, Spain, a post he holds until 1587
  • Feb 12 Thomas Campion born (London) English composer, poet, lawyer, physician. Librettist and producer of Jacobean masques. Also wrote songs for lute. Died 1620
  • Mar 2 Jacquet de Berchem (c. 61) dies in Monopoli, Italy
  • Apr 1 Bernhard Schmid the younger born (Strasbourg) German organist, composer, music editor. Son of Bernhard Schmid the elder (1535-92). Died 1625
  • Apr 26 Nicolas Formé born (Paris) French composer, singer. Died 1638
  • May 15 Claudio Monteverdi baptised (Cremona) Italian composer, viol player, choirmaster, priest, singer, opera pioneer. Wrote 14 operas and ballets, 9 lost, 9 books of madrigals, 4 books of masses and other music. Considered the greatest composer of the Renaissance. Died 1643
  • Aug 1 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina appointed maestro di cappella to Cardinal Ippolito II d’Este in Tivoli
  • Aug 10 Girolamo Giacobbi born (Bologna) Italian composer, choirmaster. Died 1629
  • Dec 15 Christoph Demantius born (Liberec, Czech Rep) German composer, music theorist, writer, poet. Died 1643
  • Giovanni Francesco Anerio born (Narni, Italy) Italian composer, priest. Brother of Felice Anerio (1560-1614). Credited as composer of the first oratorio. Also wrote masses, madrigals and 83 motets. Died 1630
  • Leonhard Päminger (c.72) dies in Passau

publications

  • Giovanni Animuccia’s book of masses Missarum Liber Primus for 4 to 6 voices published in Rome
  • Jacques Arcadelt’s Tiers, Quatrième & Cinquième livre de chansons [3rd, 4th & 5th book of songs] published in Paris
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Libro quarto de madrigali [4th book of madrigals] for 5 voices published in Venice; Magnificat octo tonorum [the eight tones] published in Nuremberg & Neue teütsche Liedlein [new German songs] published in Munich
  • Claudio Merulo’s book of ricercars for organ Ricercari d’intavolatura d’organo … libro primo published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s madrigal collection Il secondo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s masses Missarum liber secundus for 4 to 6 voices published in Rome
  • Alessandro Striggio’s madrigal comedy Il cicalamento delle donne al bucato [the gossip of the women in the laundry] published in Venice
  • Thomas Tallis’s Third Mode Melody (inspiration for Vaughan Williams’ Fantasia) published in Archbishop Parker’s Psalter
  • Giaches de Wert’s madrigal collection Il quarto libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice

1568

  • Jan 29 The Dalla Casa brothers (Girolamo, Giovanni and Nicolo) form the first permanent instrumental ensemble at S Marco, Venice
  • Feb 22 Alessandro Striggio’s motet Ecce beatam lucem premiered in Florence at the wedding of William V of Bavaria and Renata of Lorraine
  • Feb 29 Juan Bautista Comes born (Valencia) Spanish composer, choirmaster. Died 1643
  • May 15 Philippe de Monte appointed Kapellmeister at the court of Maximilian II in Vienna
  • May 15 Pietro Vinci appointed maestro di cappella at S Maria Maggiore, Bergamo, a post he holds until 1580
  • Aug 18 Jacobus de Kerle appointed assistant Kappelmeister at Augsburg Cathedral
  • Sep 3 Adriano Banchieri born (Bologna) Italian composer, music theorist, organist, Benedictine monk. Died 1634
  • Oct 14 Jacques Arcadelt (c. 63) dies in Paris
  • Nov 12 Georg Forster (c.58) dies in Nuremberg
  • *Christian Erbach born (Gau-Algesheim, Germany) German composer, organist, teacher. Died 1635

publications

  • Maddalena Casulana’s first book of madrigals Il primo libro di madrigali published in Venice, the first published and printed work by a woman
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Selectissimae cantiones [select songs] published in Nuremberg
  • Claudio Merulo’s Messe d’intavolatura d’organo [organ masses] published in Venice
  • Antonio Scandello’s Nawe und schöne deudsche Liedlein [new and pretty German songs] for 4 or 5 voices published in Nuremberg

1569

  • Jan Tomás Luis de Victoria appointed singer and organist at S Maria di Monserrato in Rome
  • Aug 31 Jean de Latre dies in Utrecht. Birth date unknown. Flemish composer, cantor
  • Sep 14 William Byrd marries Juliana Birley
  • Oct 28 Antonio Gardane (c. 60) dies in Venice
  • Nov 16 Paul Sartorius aka Paul Schneider born (Nuremberg) German composer. Organist at the court of Archduke Maximilian III of Austria from 1594. Died 1609
  • Dec 18 Jakob Hassler born (Nuremberg) German composer. Brother of Hans Leo Hassler (1564-1612). Died 1622
  • *Tobias Hume born (London?) English composer, viol player. Mercenary who served in the Russian and Swedish armies. Died 1645
  • Antonio il Verso born (Palermo) Italian composer, teacher. Died 1621
  • Hoste da Reggio (c. 49) dies in Bergamo

publications

  • Jacques Arcadelt’s song books Sisième & Neuvième livre de chansons published in Paris
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Cantiones aliquot [some songs] published in Munich & Liber secundus sacrarum cantionum [2nd book of sacred song] for 4 voices published in Leuven
  • Philippe de Monte’s madrigal collections Il secondo libro de madrigali for 6 voices & Il secondo libro de madrigali for 4 voices published in Venice
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motet collection Liber primus motettorum for 5 to 7 voices published in Rome
  • Costanzo Porta’s ll secondo libro de madrigali [2nd book of madrigals] for 5 voices published in Venice

1570

  • Jan 11 Pierre Clereau dies. Birth date unknown but before 1520. French composer
  • Jan 22 Jobst vom Brandt (52) dies
  • Jan 25 Robert Parsons drowns near Newark after falling into the River Trent. Birth date unknown. English composer, Gentleman of the Chapel Royal from 1563
  • Feb 3 Robert White appointed choirmaster at Westminster Abbey, London
  • Mar 5 Alessandro Striggio’s Altr’io che queste spighe premiered at Cosimo I’s coronation as Grand Duke of Tuscany in Rome
  • Mar 25 Johann Walter (c. 73) dies in Torgau, Germany
  • Jun 18 Joan Pau Pujol born (Barcelona) Catalan composer, priest, organist. Died 1626
  • Jun 30 Paul Peuerl born (Krems, Germany) Austrian organist, composer, organ builder. Died c.1625
  • Jul 5 Annibale Zoilo joins the Cappella Sistina choir in Rome
  • Aug 19 *Salamone Rossi born (Mantua) Italian composer, violinist. Worked at Mantua court 1587-1628. Published 7 books of madrigals. Died c.1630
  • Sep Jean de Bonmarché (c. 45) dies in Madrid
  • Nov 1 Jacobus Regnart appointed Kappelmeister of the Prague Imperial Hofkapelle
  • Dec 7 Orlando Lassus ennobled by Emperor Maximilian in Vienna
  • *Thomas Bateson born (England). English organist, madrigal composer. Organist at Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin 1609-30. Died 1630
  • *Estêvão de Brito born (Serpa, Portugal) Portuguese composer, choirmaster. Died 1641
  • *Giovanni Paolo Cima born (Milan?) Italian composer, organist. First composer to publish trio sonatas. Died c.1620
  • *Ignazio Donati born (Parma) Italian composer, choirmaster. Died 1638
  • *Antoine Francisque born (Cambrai?) French lutenist, composer. Died 1605
  • *Pierre Guédron born (Châteaudun, France) French composer, singer, teacher. Worked at the French court. Published 5 books of Airs de cour (a popular form of secular song in the early 17th century). Died 1619
  • *Simone Molinaro born (Genoa) Italian lutenist, composer, choirmaster, music editor. Maestro di cappella at Genoa Cathedral 1602-15. Died c.1633
  • Asprilio Pacelli born (Vasciano, Italy) Italian composer, choirmaster. Died 1623
  • *Francesco Usper born (Poreč, Croatia) Italian composer, organist. Died 1641
  • *Melchior Vulpius born (Wasungen, Germany) German composer of sacred music, singer. Died 1615
  • *Robert Carver (c. 85) dies
  • *Marco Antonio Cavazzoni (c.80) dies
  • Hans Gerle (c. 70) dies in Nuremberg
  • *Jean Maillard (c. 55) dies
  • *Diego Ortiz (c. 60) dies in Naples
  • Tomás de Santa María (c. 60) dies in Ribadavia, Spain
  • *Tielman Susato (c. 60) dies in Sweden
  • Orlande de Lassus is made a nobleman by Emperor Maximilian II
  • Académie de Poésie et de Musique founded in Paris by poet Jean Antoine de Baïf and composer Joachim Thibault de Courville

publications

  • Giovanni Animuccia’s Il secondo libro delle laudi [2nd book of hymns] for 2 to 8 voices published in Rome
  • Maddalena Casulana’s madrigals Il secondo libro de madrigali for 4 voices published in Venice
  • Pierre Certon’s Les meslanges, containing 84 chansons, published in Paris
  • Guillaume Costeley’s chanson collection Musique published in Paris
  • Andrea Gabrieli’s madrigals Il  secondo libro di madrigali for 5 to 8 voices published in Venice
  • Francisco Guerrero’s motets Motteta for 4 to 8 voices published in Rome
  • Orlande de Lassus’s collection Mellange d’Orlande de Lassus (including Dulces Exuviae, a setting of Dido’s lament from Virgil) & Disieme livre des chansons [10th book of songs] published in Paris; songs Second livre des chansons for 4 or 5 voices & masses Praestantissimorum divinae musices auctorum missae decem published in Leuven; Selectiorum aliquot cantionum sacrarum [selection of sacred songs] published in Munich & masses Quinque missae suavissimis modulationibus refertae … liber secundus published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s madrigals Il terzo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s masses Missarum liber tertius for 4 to 6 voices published in Rome
  • Antonio Scandello’s Nawe und lustige weltliche deudsche Liedlein [new secular and humorous German songs] for 4 to 6 voices published in Dresden
  • Alessandro Striggio’s madrigals ll secondo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • The Mulliner Book compiled in Oxford or London (possibly as early as 1545) containing 121 keyboard works by Thomas Tallis, William Blitheman, John Redford and others as well as 9 pieces for cittern.

1571

  • Feb 15 Michael Praetorius born (Kreuzberg, Germany) German composer, music theorist, music historian, organist. Published 3 volume music survey Syntagma musicum between 1614 and 1620. Died 1621
  • Mar 20 Giovanni Animuccia (c.50) dies in Rome
  • Mar 26 François Roussel leaves his position as maestro di cappella at the Church of St. Louis of France, Rome
  • Apr Palestrina returns to the Capella Giulia in Rome to become choirmaster
  • May 2 Gérard de Turnhout appointed maestro de capilla to the Court of Philip II in Madrid
  • May 17 William White born (Oxford?) English composer. Died c.1634
  • Jun 7 Francesco Corteccia (68) dies in Florence
  • Aug 7 Thomas Lupo the elder born (London) English composer. Grandson of Ambrose Lupo (d.1591). Died 1627
  • Sep 8 John Ward baptised (Canterbury) English composer, singer. Died 1638
  • Sep 14 Simon Lohet appointed organist of the Württemberg court at Stuttgart, remaining in the post until 1601
  • Nov 24 Jan Blahoslav (48) dies in Moravský Krumlov, Czech Rep
  • Filipe de Magalhães born (Azeitão, Portugal) Portuguese composer, choirmaster, teacher. Died 1652
  • *Giovanni Picchi born (Venice?) Italian composer, organist, lutenist. Died 1643

publications

  • Elias Ammerbach’s Orgel oder Instrument Tabulatur published, the first printed German organ music
  • Andrea Gabrieli’s chants Greghesche et Iustiniane … libro primo for 3 voices published in Venice
  • Quatorsieme Livre de Chansons, à quatre & cinq parties [14th book of songs with 4 or 5 parts] containing works by Orlande de Lassus published by Adrien Le Roy in Paris
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Livre de chansons nouvelles [book of new songs] & Moduli nunquam hactenus editi [unpublished modes] for 5 voices published in Paris
  • Costanzo Porta’s song collection Musica canenda … liber primus for 6 voices published in Venice
  • Adrien Le Roy’s songs with lute Livre d’air de cours miz sur le Luth published in Paris
  • Alessandro Striggio’s madrigals ll secondo libro de madrigali for 6 voices published in Venice
  • Giaches de Wert’s madrigals Il quinto libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Thomas Whythorne’s Songes for Three, Fower, and Five voyces, the first single author collection of English secular music, published in London
  • Gioseffo Zarlino’s book on music theory Dimonstrationi harmoniche published in Venice

1572

  • Feb 23 Pierre Certon (c. 60) dies in Paris
  • Feb William Byrd appointed Gentleman of the Chapel Royal
  • Mar 16 Daniel Bachelar born (England) English composer, lutenist. Died c.1610
  • May 25 Moritz von Hessen aka Maurice of Hesse-Kassel born (Kassel) German Landgrave (local leader in fealty to the Holy Roman Emperor), Calvinist, composer, music patron. Succeeded his father in 1592, abdicated in 1627. Died 1632
  • Jun 11 Ben Jonson born (London) English dramatist, actor, poet, librettist, critic. Died 1637
  • Aug 28 Claude Goudimel (c. 57) murdered in Lyon during the St Bartholomew’s Day massacres of protestants
  • Sep 3 Girolamo Scotto (c.67) dies in Venice
  • Sep 15 Erasmus Widmann born (Swäbsich Hall, Germany) German organist, composer, multi-instrumentalist, teacher, poet. Died 1634
  • Oct 11 François Roussel appointed maestro di cappella at the Basilica of St. John Lateran, Rome
  • Oct 23 Orlando Lassus’s Ballet des ambassadeurs polonais [Ballet of the Polish ambassadors] premiered in Paris
  • Dec 27 Johannes Vodnianus Campanus born (Vodňany, Czech Rep) Czech composer, dramatist, poet, teacher. Died 1622
  • Martin Peerson born (March, Cambs) English composer, organist, choirmaster. Organist at St paul’s, London 1624-51. Died 1651
  • Thomas Tomkins born (St David’s, Pembroke) Welsh composer, organist. Organist at Worcester Cathedral 1596-1646. Wrote sacred works, instrumental music, anthems and madrigals. Died 1656

publications

  • Andrea Gabrieli’s masses Primus liber missarum for 6 voices published in Venice
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Der ander Theil teutscher Lieder [2nd book of German songs] published in Munich & Moduli [modes] for 4 or 8 voices published in Paris
  • Philippe de Monte’s book of motets Sacrarum cantionum … liber primus for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motet collection Motettorum liber secundus for 5 to 8 voices published in Venice
  • Ivo de Vento’s Neue teutsche Lieder mit dreien Stimmen [new German songs with three parts] published in Munich
  • Tomás Luis de Victoria’s Motecta [motets] published in Venice

1573

  • Jan 14 First meeting takes place of the Florentine Camerata, a group of musicians and other artists and intellectuals under the patronage of Count Giovanni de’ Bardi
  • Jan 31 Ambrosius Metzger born (Nuremberg) German composer. Died 1632
  • Jan 31 Giulio Cesare Monteverdi born (Cremona) Italian composer, organist. Maestro di cappella at Salò cathedral from 1620. Brother of Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643). Died 1630
  • Mar 15 Christopher Tye (c. 67) buried in Ely, Cambridgeshire
  • Mar 20 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s choral work Improperia [the insults] premiered in Rome
  • Jul 15 Inigo Jones born (London) English architect, painter, stage designer. Died 1652
  • Sep 1 Jacopo Peri hired as a singer at the Convent of Santissima Annunziata in Florence
  • Dec Firmin Lebel (c. 60) dies in Rome
  • Alessandro Striggio (ii) born (Mantua) Italian diplomat, viol player. Librettist for Monteverdi’s opera Orfeo. Son of Alessandro Striggio (i) (1540-92). Died 1630
  • *Alfonso dalla Viola (c.65) dies in Ferrara
  • John Bull joins the choir at Hereford Cathedral
  • *Thomas Tallis composes Spem in alium [hope in any other] for 40 voices

publications

  • Orlande de Lassus’s Moduli [modes] for 6, 7 or 12 voices published in Paris. The first part of  Patrocinium musices containing sacred songs & collection 6 cantiones latinae, 6 teutsche Lieder, 6 chansons françoises nouvelles, 6 madrigali nuovi published in Munich
  • Claudio Merulo’s Missarum quinque vocum Liber primus [first book of masses for 5 voices] published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s book of motets Sacrarum cantionum … liber secundus for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Costanzo Porta’s madrigals ll terzo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Matthäus Waissel publishes the first of four books of lute music (through to 1592)
Thomas Tallis / Oxford Camerata - Spem in Alium (Naxos)

Thomas Tallis / Oxford Camerata – Spem in Alium (Naxos)

1574

  • Feb Domenico Ferrabosco (61) dies in Bologna
  • Mar 7 John Wilbye born (Brome, Suffolk) English composer. Madrigalist who spent his lifetime in service to the Kytson family of East Anglia. Died 1638
  • Mar 9 Francisco Guerrero appointed maestro de capilla of Seville Cathedral
  • May 14 Francesco Rasi born (Arezzo, Italy) Italian composer, tenor singer, chitarrone player. Took title role in Monteverdi’s Orfeo. Died 1621
  • Sep 5 Costanzo Porta appointed maestro di cappella of Santa Casa di Loreto, Ancona
  • Sep 16 Thomas Morley appointed choirmaster at Norwich Cathedral
  • Nov Robert White (c.36) dies in London of the plague
  • *Géry de Ghersem born (Tournai, Belgium) Flemish composer. Almost all his works destroyed in the Lisbon earthquake of 1755. Died 1630
  • Claudio Pari born (Salins-les-Bains, France) Franco-Italian composer. Died c.1620

publications

  • Andrea Gabrieli’s madrigals Il primo libro di madrigali for 6 voices published in Venice
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Patrocinium musices part 2 – masses published in Munich
  • Claudio Merulo’s Il primo libro de ricercari da cantare, a quattro voci [First book of canzoni for four voices] published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s book of motets Sacrarum cantionum … liber tertius for 5 voices & madrigals Madrigali … libro quinto for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Paolo Virchi’s Cittern book published in Venice

1575

  • Jan 22 Thomas Tallis and William Byrd granted an exclusive licence giving them sole right to print sheet music in England
  • Mar 15 Annibale Padovano (c. 48) dies in Graz
  • May 1 Felice Anerio joins the choir at the Cappella Giulia, Rome
  • May 10 François Roussel leaves his position as maestro di cappella at the Basilica of St. John Lateran, Rome
  • May 20 Hernando Franco appointed maestro de capilla of the cathedral in Mexico City
  • Dec 18 Michelagnolo Galilei born (Florence) Italian lutenist, composer. Son of Vincenzo (1520-91) and brother of Galileo (1564-1642) Galilei. Died 1631
  • *Vittoria Aleotti born (Bergamo) Italian organist, composer, Augustinian nun. Died c.1646
  • *Gabriel Bataille born (Brie, France) French lutenist, composer, poet. Died 1630
  • *John Coprario aka John Cooper born (England) English composer, lutenist, viol player, teacher. Composed masques, anthems, dances, songs and more than 100 string fantasias. Died 1626
  • *Peeter Cornet born (Brussels) Flemish composer, organist. Court organist in Brussels 1603-26. Died 1633
  • Georg Engelmann born (Mansfeld, Germany) German organist, composer, music director. Organist at Thomaskirche, Leipzig 1625-32. Died 1632
  • *Alfonso Ferrabosco the younger born (Greenwich) English composer, singer. Collaborator with Ben Jonson on seven masques between 1605 and 1611. Appointed ‘Composer of King’s Music’ by Charles I in 1626. Son of Alfonso Ferrabasco the elder (1543-88). Died 1628
  • *Ennemond Gaultier born (Villette, France) French composer, lutenist. Cousin of Denis Gaultier (1603-72). Died 1651
  • *Giovanni Priuli born (Venice) Italian composer, organist. Died 1626
  • *Giovanni Maria Trabaci born (Irsina, Italy) Italian composer, organist, choirmaster. Maestro di cappella in Naples royal chapel 1614-47. Died 1647
  • *Pierre Phalèse the Elder (c. 65) dies in Antwerp
  • Ivo de Vento (c. 31) dies
  • Tomás Luis de Victoria ordained as a priest

publications

  • William Byrd and Thomas Tallis’s Cantiones quae ab argumento sacrae vocantur, a collection of 34 motets, published in London
  • Andrea Gabrieli’s madrigals Il primo libro di madrigali for 3 voices published in Venice
  • Orlande de Lassus’s motets Liber mottetarum, trium vocum published in Munich
  • Leonhard Lechner’s Motectae sacrae [sacred motets] published in Nuremberg
  • Philippe de Monte’s book of motets Libro quarto de motetti for 5 voices & madrigals Il sesto libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motet collection Motettorum liber tertius for 5 to 8 voices published in Venice
  • Costanzo Porta’s Litaniae deiparae virginis Mariae [Litany of the Virgin Mary] for 8 voices published in Venice
  • Jacob Regnart’s motets Sacrae aliquot cantiones published in Munich
  • Antonio Scandello’s motets Nawe schöne auserlesene geistliche deudsche Lieder for 5 to 8 voices published in Dresden

1576

  • Jan 19 Hans Sachs (81) dies in Nuremberg
  • Aug 15 Bálint Bakfark (c. 69) dies in Padua of the plague
  • Oct 25 Thomas Weelkes born (Elsted, Sussex) English composer, organist. Published 3 books of madrigals and 1 book of airs. Died 1623
  • Dec 26 Tomás Luis de Victoria leaves his position as maestro di cappella at the Collegium Germanicum dei Gesuiti in Rome
  • *Nicola Vicentino (c. 64) dies in Milan of the plague

publications

  • Antoine de Bertrand’s chanson collection Les amours de Pierre de Ronsard published in Paris
  • Andrea Gabrieli’s Ecclesiasticarum cantionum omnibus … liber primus [ecclesiastical songs] for 4 voices published in Venice
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Der dritte Theil schöner, neuer, teutscher Lieder [3rd book of pretty new German songs] & part 5 of Patrocinium musices magnificats published in Munich; Les meslanges published in Paris & songbook Thresor de musique … contenant … chansons published in Geneva
  • Leonhard Lechner’s Newe Teutsche Lieder zu drey Stimmen [new German songs in three parts] published in Nuremberg
  • Philippe de Monte’s madrigals Il terzo libro de madrigali for 6 voices published in Venice
  • Antonio Scandello’s Missae sex [6 masses] for 5 or 6 voices published in Munich
  • Tomás Luis de Victoria’s collection of masses, psalms and magnificats Liber primus: qui missas, psalmos, Magnificat published in Venice
  • Thomas Whythorne’s autobiography, illustrated with music, booke of songs and sonetts with longe discourses sett with them published in London

1577

  • Jan 5 John Maynard born (St Albans, Hertfordshire) English composer, lutenist. Died 1614
  • Feb 9 Sebastián de Vivanco appointed maestro de capilla at Segovia Cathedral
  • Oct Giovanni Maria Nanino joins the papal choir in Rome
  • *Robert Jones born (London?) English composer, lutenist, teacher. Died 1617
  • Mattheus Le Maistre (c. 72) dies
  • *Guillaume Morlaye (c. 62) dies in Paris

publications

  • Orlande de Lassus’s masses Missae variis concentibus ornatae published in Paris & Novae aliquot et ante hac non ita usitatae cantiones suavissimae [some new and previously heard sweet songs] published in Munich
  • Jacob Regnart’s Aliquot cantiones [some songs] & Kurtzweilige teutsche Lieder published in Nuremberg
  • Francisco de Salinas’s treatise on tunings De musica libri septem published in Salamanca
  • Bernhard Schmid the elder’s two volume organ tablature Zwey Bücher einer Neuen Kunstlichen Tabulatur auff Orgel und Instrument published in Strasbourg
  • Giaches de Wert’s madrigals Il sesto libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice

1578

  • Jun 8 Tomás Luis de Victoria becomes a chaplian at at S Girolamo della Carità in Rome
  • Dec 2 Agostino Agazzari born (Siena) Italian composer of church music and madrigals, writer, choirmaster, organist. Died 1640
  • *Andrea Amati (c. 73) dies in Cremona
  • *Vitus “Veit” Bach dies in Wechmar, Germany. Birth date unknown. Hungary-born German miller and amateur lutenist. Father of Caspar Bach (c.1570-1640) and Johann Hans Bach (1550-1626), Great-great grandfather of JS Bach. Earliest member of the family that JS Bach traced
  • *Francesco Portinaro (58) dies in Padua

publications

  • Antoine de Bertrand’s chanson collections Second livre des amours de Pierre de Ronsard & Tiers livre de chansons published in Paris
  • Antonio de Cabezón’s Obras de música para tecla, arpa y vihuela [works for keyboard, harp and vihuela] published posthumously by his son Hernando in Madrid
  • Johannes Eccard’s Newe deutsche Lieder [new German songs] published in Mühlhausen
  • Claudio Merulo’s books of sacred songs Liber primus sacrarum cantionum & Liber secundus sacrarum cantionum published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s madrigals Il settimo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Costanzo Porta’s masses Missarum liber primus for 4 to 6 voices published in Venice

1579

  • Feb 1 Jacopo Peri appointed organist at the Badia in Florence, a post he holds for 26 years
  • Aug 24 John Amner baptised (Ely) English composer, organist. Organist at Ely Cathedral from 1610. Died 1641
  • Nov 29 Giovanni Paolo Maggini born (Brescia) Italian luthier. Especially renowned for his violas. Died c.1630
  • *Melchior Franck born (Zitau, Germany) German composer, choirmaster, singer. Died 1639
  • Miguel de Fuenllana (c.79) dies in Valladolid, Spain

publications

  • Orlande de Lassus’s song collection Altera pars selectissimarum cantionum published in Nuremberg
  • Claudio Merulo’s Il primo libro de madrigali a quattro voci [first book of madrigals for four voices] published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s book of motets Sacrarum cantionum … liber quintus for 5 voices published in Venice & masses Missa ad modulum ‘Benedicta es’ for 6 voices published in Antwerp
  • Orazio Vecchi’s motets Mottetti a otto voci, libro primo published in Venice

1580

  • Jan 18 Antonio Scandello (c. 63) dies in Dresden
  • Apr 1 Alonso Mudarra (c. 70) dies in Seville
  • Jun 11 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motets Surge sancte Dei [Arise, O God] & Ambula sancte Dei [God’s holy walk] premiered in Rome
  • Jul 6 Johann Stobäus born (Kaliningrad) German composer, cantor, choirmaster. Died 1646
  • Jul 29 Diego Lobato’s motet Salve Regina [God save the Queen] premiered in Quito, Ecuador
  • Sep 15 Gerard van Turnhout (c. 60) dies in Madrid
  • Nov 20 The Concerto delle donne, a professional female singing group, make their debut performance in Ferrara
  • Nov 30 Richard Farrant (c. 50) dies in Windsor
  • Adriana Basile born (Posillipo, Italy) Italian singer, composer. Mother of Leonora Baroni (1611-70). Died c.1640
  • Richard Dering born (Liss, Hants) English composer, organist. Died 1630
  • *Michael East born (London) English organist, choirmaster, composer. Died 1648
  • *Thomas Ford born (England) English composer, lutenist, viol player. Died 1648
  • *Robert Johnson born (England) English composer, lutenist. Collaborated with playwrights Ben Jonson, John Webster and William Shakespeare (The Tempest and, possibly, Cymbeline). Died 1633
  • *Johannes Hieronymus (Giovanni Girolamo) Kapsberger born (Venice?) German-Italian composer, lutenist. Died 1651
  • *André Maugars born (France) French viol player, composer. Died c.1645
  • *Marcantonio Negri born (Verona) Italian composer, singer, music director. Died 1624

publications

  • Antoine de Bertrand’s Premier & Second livre de sonets chrestiens mis en musique published in Lyon
  • Andrea Gabrieli’s Il secondo libro di madrigali for 6 voices published in Venice
  • Marc’Antonio Ingegneri’s Il terzo libro de madrigali … con due canzoni francese for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Luca Marenzio’s Il primo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Claudio Merulo’s Il primo libro de madrigali a tre voci (first book of madrigals for three voices) published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s Il quarto libro de madrigali for 6 voices; L’ottavo libro delli madrigali for 5 voices & Il nono libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Costanzo Porta’s Liber motectorum for 4 to 8 voices published in Venice
  • Jacob Regnart’s Newe kurtzweilige teutsche Lieder published in Nuremberg
  • Orazio Vecchi’s Canzonette libro primo & Canzonette libro secondo published in Venice
  • *Greensleeves published in London

1581

  • Feb 28 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina marries Virginia Dormoli in Rome
  • Apr 9 Orazio Vecchi appointed maestro di cappella at Salò cathedral
  • May 7 Alexander Utendal (c.37) dies in Innsbruck
  • Jul 2 Johann Staden born (Nuremberg) German composer, organist. Father of  Sigmund Theophil Staden (1607-55). Died 1634
  • Sep 8 Joachim Thibault de Courville dies in Paris. Birth date unknown. French lyre player, lutenist, singer, composer. Co-founder of the Academie de Poesie et Musique
  • Antoine de Bertrand (c.45) murdered near Toulouse by protestants during the French Wars of Religion

publications

  • Fabritio Caroso’s dance manual Il Ballarino published in Venice
  • Vincenzo Galilei’s treatise Dialogo della musica antica, et della moderna [Dialogue of ancient and modern music] published in Florence
  • Orlande de Lassus’s secular collection Libro de villanelle, moresche, et altre canzoni published in Paris & masses Liber missarum for 4 or 5 voices published in Nuremberg
  • Leonhard Lechner’s Sacrarum cantionum, liber secundus published in Nuremberg
  • Luca Marenzio’s Il primo libro de madrigali for 6 voices & Il secondo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s Il primo libro de madrigali spirituali for 5 voices; Il decimo libro de madrigali for 6 voices & Il quarto libro de madrigali for 4 voices published in Venice
  • Benedetto Pallavicino’s Il primo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Jacob Regnart’s Il secundo libro delle canzone italiane published in Nuremberg (German edition published in 1595 in Nuremberg)
  • Tomás Luis de Victoria’s Cantica Beatae Virginis vulgo Magnificat, una cum 4 antiphonis Beatae Virginis per annum published in Rome
  • Giaches de Wert’s Il settimo libro de madrigali for 5 voices; Il secondo libro de motetti for 5 voices & Modulationum liber primus for 6 voices published in Venice

1582

  • Jan 15 Leonhard Lechner’s Missa ‘Domine Dominus noster’ premiered in Nuremberg at a wedding
  • Apr 1 Thomas Simpson born (Milton Regis, Kent) English composer, viola player, music publisher. Died 1628
  • Apr 9 Jacob Regnart appointed Vice-Kapellmeister to Archduke Ferdinand in Innsbruck
  • May 1 Marco da Gagliano born (Florence) Italian composer, choirmaster, opera pioneer, priest. Published 14 operas, only 2 of which survive. Died 1643
  • May 4 Giorgio Mainerio (c. 45) dies in Aquileia, Italy
  • Jun 26 Johannes Schultz born (Lüneburg, Germany) German composer, organist. Died 1653
  • Aug Peter Phillips flees Britain for the continent due to his Catholic faith
  • Dec 23 Severo Bonini born (Florence) Italian composer, organist, choirmaster, Benedictine monk, music theorist. Died 1663
  • Dec 24 John Bull appointed organist at Hereford cathedral
  • Gregorio Allegri born (Rome) Italian composer, priest, tenor singer, choirmaster. Composer of Miserere mei, Deus (often known simply as Miserere). Died 1652
  • *Sigismondo d’India born (Palermo) Italian composer, singer, music director. Renowned for his collections of secular vocal music. Died 1629
  • *Giovanni Valentini born (Venice) Italian composer, keyboard player, poet. Died 1649

publications

  • Lodovico Agostini’s Third book of madrigals, for six voices published in Ferrara, the earliest collection written for a sextet
  • Antoine de Bertrand’s Airs spirituels contenant plusieurs hymnes et cantiques published in Paris
  • Francisco Guerrero’s Missarum liber secundus published in Rome
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Fasciculi aliquot sacrarum cantionum published in Nuremberg; Lectiones sacrae novem, ex libris Hiob excerptea, Mottetta typis nondum uspiam excusa & Sacrae cantiones for 5 voices published in Munich & Missa ad imitationem moduli Quand’io penso al martire published in Paris
  • Leonhard Lechner’s Neue teutsche Lieder published in Nuremberg
  • Luzzasco Luzzaschi’s Il terzo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Luca Marenzio’s Il terzo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s Il primo libro de madrigali for 3 voices published in Venice
  • Claudio Monteverdi’s first collection Sacrae Cantiunculae (Little Sacred Songs) published in Venice
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s Missarum liber quartus for 4 or 5 voices published in Venice
  • Piae Cantiones aka Devout ecclesiastical and school songs of the old bishops compiled by Jaakko Suomalainen and published in Greifswald, Germany

1583

  • Sep Girolamo Frescobaldi born (Ferrara, Italy) Italian composer, organist. Organist at St Peter’s, Rome 1608-28 & 1633-43. Renowned for his organ music. Died 1643
  • Dec 25 Orlando Gibbons baptised (Oxford) English composer, organist. Organist at Westminster Abbey 1623-25. Works include vocal church music, 40 keyboard pieces and 30 fantasies for viols. Died 1625
  • *Paolo Agostino born (Vallerano, Italy) Italian composer, organist, choirmaster. Maestro di cappella of Vatican chapel 1626-29. Died 1629
  • *Nicolas Vallet born (Amsterdam) Dutch composer, lutenist. Died c.1642

publications

  • Ercole Bottrigari’s Libro terzo de madrigali a cinque voci published in Venice
  • Joachim à Burck’s hymn collection Vom heiligen Ehstande: 40 Liedlein … libro primo published in Mühlhausen
  • Maddalena Casulana’s Il primo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Andrea Gabrieli’s psalm collection Psalmi Davidici published in Venice
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Neue teutsche Lieder, geistlich und weltlich published in Munich
  • Claudio Merulo’s Il primo libro de mottetti a sei voci (first book of motets for seven voices) published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s Il primo libro de madrigali spirituali for 6 voices published in Venice
  • Claudio Monteverdi’s Madrigali spirituali a quattro voci published in Brescia
  • Jakob Paix’s organ tablature Ein schon nutz und gebrauchlich Orgal Tabulaturbuch published in Laugingen, Germany
  • Jacob Regnart’s Teutsche Lieder … in ein Opus zusamendruckt published in Munich
  • Orazio Vecchi’s Madrigali libro primo for 6 voices published in Venice
  • Tomás Luis de Victoria’s Missarum libri duo & Motecta published in Rome

1584

  • May 27 Michael Altenburg born (Alach, Germany) German theologian, composer. Died 1640
  • Jun 14 Pietro Vinci (c.59) dies
  • Jun 24 Orazio Vecchi appointed maestro di cappella at Modena cathedral
  • Antonio Cifra born (Terracina, Italy) Italian composer, choirmaster. Died 1629
  • Francisco Correa de Arauxo born (Seville) Spanish composer, organist, music theorist. Organist at cathedrals of Seville 1599-1636, Jaén 1636-40 and Segovia 1640-53. Died 1654
  • *Lucrezia Bendidio (c.37) dies
  • Gioseppe Caimo (c. 39) dies in Milan

publications

  • Emmanuel Adriaenssen’s collection of lute music Pratum Musicum published in Antwerp
  • Francisco Guerrero’s Liber vesperarum published in Rome
  • Marc’Antonio Ingegneri’s Il quarto libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Continuation du mellange published in Paris & Psalmi Davidis published in Munich
  • Leonhard Lechner’s Liber missarum … adjunctis aliquot introitibus in praecipua festa, ab Adventu Domini usque ad festum Sanctissimae Trinitatis published in Nuremberg
  • Luca Marenzio’s Il secondo libro de madrigali for 6 voices; Il quarto libro de madrigali & Il primo libro delle villanelle published in Venice & Madrigali spirituali for 5 voices published in Rome
  • Claudio Merulo’s Il primo libro de mottetti a quattro voci pari (first book of motets for four voices) published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s book of motets Sacrarum cantionum … liber sextus for 5 voices & Il quinto libro de madrigali for 6 voices published in Venice
  • Claudio Monteverdi’s Canzonette, libro primo for 3 voices published in Venice
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s motet collections Motettorum liber quartus ex Canticis canticorum for 5 voices & Motettorum liber quintus for 5 voices published in Rome
  • Benedetto Pallavicino’s Il secondo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Jacob Regnart’s Tricinia: kurtzweilige teutsche Lieder published in Nuremberg
  • Zhu Zaiyu’s Lüxue xinshuo (New theory of musical pitches) published in China, one volume of fifteen written between 1551 and 1606.

1585

  • Jan 1 Giovanni Gabrieli appointed organist at S Marco, Venice, a post he holds until his death in 1612
  • Jan 1 Jacob Regnart appointed Kapellmeister for Archduke Ferdinand at Innsbruck
  • Feb 13 Giovanni Gabrieli appointed organist at the Scuola Grande di S Rocco, Venice, a post he holds concurrently with the one at S Marco until his death in 1612
  • Mar 3 Andrea Gabrieli’s music for Sophocles’ play Oedipus tyrannus [Oedipus the Tyrant] premiered at the inauguration of the Teatro Olimpico in Vicenza
  • Mar 19 Peter Phillips enters in Rome the service as organist of English Catholic refugee Lord Thomas Paget
  • Jun 24 Johannes Lippius born (Strasbourg) German protestant theologian, philosopher, composer, music theorist. Died 1612
  • Aug 30 Andrea Gabrieli (c. 53) dies in Venice
  • Oct 8 Heinrich Schütz born (Bad Köstritz, Germany) German composer, organist. Worked in Dresden and Copenhagen. Wrote the first German opera, Dafne (now lost), but mainly choral works. A 16 volume edition of these was published between 1885 and 1894. Died 1672
  • Oct 11 Johann Heermann born (Rudna, Poland) German hymnwriter, poet. Died 1647
  • Nov 1 Jan Brożek born (Kurzelów, Poland) Polish mathematician, astronomer, physician, poet, writer, musician. Died 1652
  • Nov 23 Thomas Tallis (c. 80) dies in Greenwich
  • Nov 28 Hernando Franco (c. 53) dies in Mexico City
  • *Domenico Allegri born (Rome) Italian composer, singer, choirmaster. Died 1529
  • *Stefano Bernardi born (Verona) Italian composer, choirmaster, music theorist. Died 1636
  • *Gallus Dressler (c. 42) dies in Anhalt, Germany
  • *Pascal de L’Estocart (c.45) dies
  • John Marbeck (c. 75) dies in Windsor
  • John Blitheman appointed organist of the Chapel Royal, succeeding Thomas Tallis
  • *William Byrd’s Ye Sacred Muses composed as an elegy for Thomas Tallis
  • John Mundy appointed organist of Westminster Abbey, initially jointly with Nathaniel Giles, a post he holds until his death in 1630

publications

  • Felice Anerio’s Madrigali spirituali libro primo & Madrigali spirituali libro secondo published in Rome
  • Joachim à Burck’s hymn collection 30 geistliche Lieder auff die Feste durchs Jahr published in Mühlhausen
  • Giovanni Croce’s Il primo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Francisco Guerrero’s Passio D.N. Jesu Christi secundum Matthaeum et Joannem published in Rome
  • Claude Le Jeune’s Livre de meslanges published in Antwerp
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Cantica sacra, recens numeris et modulis musicis ornata; Hieremiae prophetae lamentationes, et aliae pieae cantiones & Sacrae cantiones … recens singulari industria compositae published in Munich & Madrigali novamente composti for 5 voices published in Nuremberg
  • Luca Marenzio’s Il terzo libro de madrigali for 6 voices; Il quinto libro de madrigali; Il secondo libro delle canzonette alla napolitana & Il terzo libro delle villanelle published in Venice & Madrigali … libro primo for 4 voices published in Rome
  • Philippe de Monte’s book of motets Sacrarum cantionum … liber primus for 6 or 12 voices published in Venice
  • Benedetto Pallavicino’s Il terzo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Costanzo Porta’s Musica canenda … liber tertius for 6 voices published in Venice
  • Orazio Vecchi’s Canzonette libro terzo published in Venice
  • Tomás Luis de Victoria’s Officium Hebdomadae Sanctae, a collection of motets and lamentations published in Rome

1586

  • Jan 20 Johann Schein born (Grünhain, Germany) German composer, poet, teacher, Kappelmeister. Died 1630
  • Jan John Bull sworn in as a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal
  • Feb 8 Jacob Praetorius born (Hamburg) German composer, organist. Son of Hieronymus Praetorius (1560-1629). Died 1651
  • Apr 2 Pietro Della Valle born (Rome) Italian traveller, music theorist, composer. Died 1652
  • Apr 23 Martin Rinckart born (Leipzig) German theologian, hymnwriter. Died 1649
  • May 23 Paul Siefert born (Gdansk) German composer, organist. Died 1666
  • Jul 1 Claudio Saracini born (Siena) Italian composer, lutenist, singer. Died 1630
  • Aug 27 George de La Hèle (c. 39) dies in Madrid
  • Oct 15 Orazio Vecchi appointed maestro di cappella at Correggio cathedral
  • Oct 30 Vincenzo Bell’Haver appointed organist at San Marco, Venice succeeding Andrea Gabrieli
  • Alessandro Grandi born (Ferrara, Italy) Italian composer of church music, singer, choirmaster. Died 1630
  • Hieronymus Praetorius appointed first organist at the Jacobikirche, Hamburg, a position he holds until his death in 1629

publications

  • Felice Anerio’s Canzonette … libro primo published in Venice
  • Giovanni Artusi’s L’arte del contraponto ridotta in tavole published in Venice
  • First volume of six of Jacobus Gallus’s Opus musicum, a collection of 374 motets, published in Prague
  • Marc’Antonio Ingegneri’s Il primo libro de madrigali for 6 voices published in Venice
  • Leonhard Lechner’s Neue lustige Teutsche Lieder nach Art der Welschen Canzonen published in Nuremberg
  • Philippe de Monte’s L’undecimo libro delli madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Giovanni Maria Nanino’s Motecta … nova inventione elaborata published in Venice
  • Alessandro Orologio’s Il primo libro de madrigali published in Venice
  • Lucas Osiander’s hymnal Fünfzig geistliche Lieder und Psalmen published in Nuremberg
  • Costanzo Porta’s ll quarto libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Giaches de Wert’s L’ottavo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice

1587

  • Feb 9 Vincenzo Ruffo (c. 78) dies in Sacile, Italy
  • Feb 24 Antoine Boësset born (Blois, France) French composer, court official. Master of the Royal Music 1613-42. Published 9 books of airs. Died 1643
  • Feb 26 Stefano Landi born (Rome) Italian composer, organist, singer, teacher, choirmaster. Wrote sacred opera Il Sant’ Alessio, the first to be based on the life of an historical figure and the first to have overtures in the form of sinfonias (see 25/2/1632). Died 1639
  • Aug 29 Vincenzo Bellavere (c. 46) dies in Venice
  • Aug 31 Sebastián de Vivanco resigns as maestro de capilla at Segovia Cathedral to take up a similar post at Avila
  • Sep 18 Francesca Caccini born (Florence) Italian composer, singer, lutenist, poet, teacher. Daughter of Giulio Caccini (1550-1618). Died 1638
  • Nov 3 Samuel Scheidt born (Halle, Germany) German composer, organist, choirmaster, conductor. Died 1654
  • *John Adson born (London?) English composer, cornettist. Died 1640
  • Tomás Luis de Victoria returns to Spain to become the personal chaplain to the Dowager Empress María

publications

  • Felice Anerio’s Il primo libro de madrigali for 5 or 8 voices published in Venice
  • Alfonso Ferrabosco the elder’s Il primo libro de madrigali & Il secondo libro de madrigali published in Venice
  • Andrea Gabrieli’s Concerti … continenti musica di chiesa, madrigali, & altro published in Venice
  • Giovanni Gabrieli’s Concerti … continenti musica di chiesa, madrigali, & altro … libro primo published in Venice
  • Marc’Antonio Ingegneri’s Il quinto libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Madrigali novamente composti for 4 to 6 voices published in Nuremberg; Missa ad imitationem moduli Beatus qui intelligit & Missa ad imitationem moduli Locutus sum published in Paris & Patrocinium musices: Beatissimae deiparaeque Virginis Mariae canticum Magnificat published in Munich
  • Leonhard Lechner’s Septem psalmi poenitentiales … additis aliis quibusdam piis cantionibus published in Nuremberg
  • Luca Marenzio’s Il quarto libro de madrigali for 6 voices; Il quarto libro delle villanelle & Il quinto libro delle villanelle published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s book of motets Sacrarum cantionum … liber secundus for 6 voices & Il duodecimo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Claudio Monteverdi’s Madrigali, libro primo for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Benedetto Pallavicino’s Il primo libro de madrigali for 6 voices published in Venice
  • Orazio Vecchi’s Lamentationes cum 4 paribus vocibus & Canzonette for 6 voices published in Venice
Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643)

Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643)

1588

  • Apr 30 Gioseffo Guami appointed second organist at San Marco, Venice
  • Jun 9 Johann Andreas Herbst born (Nuremberg) German composer, music theorist, choirmaster. Died 1666
  • Jul 8 John Dowland receives a BMus at Christ Church, Oxford
  • Aug 12 Alfonso Ferrabosco (I) (45) dies in London
  • Sep 8 Marin Mersenne born (Sarthe, France) French mathematician, philosopher, music theorist, Jesuit priest. Died 1648
  • Sep 10 Nicholas Lanier born (Greenwich) English composer, lutenist, singer, painter, art dealer. First Master of the King’s Music 1625-66 (except during the Commonwealth years). Died 1666
  • Dec 3 Edmund Hooper appointed Master of the Choristers at Westminster Abbey
  • Walter Porter born (London?) English composer, tenor singer, lutenist. Sang at the Chapel Royal 1617-39, Master chorister at Westminster Abbey 1639-44. Died 1659

publications

  • William Byrd’s Psalmes, Sonets, & songs of sadnes and pietie published in London
  • Giovanni Croce’s Canzonette, libro primo for 4 voices published in Venice
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Tertium opus musicum, continens lectiones Hiob et motectas seu cantiones sacras published in Nuremberg; Moduli quator et octo vocum & Moduli quinque vocum published in Paris; Teutsche Psalmen: geistliche Psalmen published in Munich & Missae … liber primus for 4 or 5 voices published in Milan
  • Luca Marenzio’s Madrigali … libro primo for 4 to 6 voices published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s Il terzodecimo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s Lamentationum Hieremiae prophetae liber primus published in Rome
  • Benedetto Pallavicino’s Il quarto libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Jacob Regnart’s Mariale, hoc est, Opusculum sacrarum cantionum omnibus Beatissimae Virginis Mariae festivitatibus published in Innsbruck
  • Giaches de Wert’s Il nono libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Nicholas Yonge’s Musica transalpina published in London

1589

  • May 2 Giulio Caccini’s intermedio Io che dal ciel cader farei la luna premiered in Florence. Lib. G.B. Strozzi
  • Jul 2 Guilielmus Messaus born (Antwerp) Flemish composer, choirmaster. Died 1640
  • Sep 19 Jean-Antoine de Baïf (57) dies in Paris
  • Sep 22 Jacobus Gallus’s motet Undique flammatis [burning on all sides] premiered in Olomouc, Czech Rep
  • *Tansen dies (c. 83) dies in Delhi
  • Tarquinia Molza dismissed from her position as lady-in-waiting to Duchess Margherita Gonzaga d’Este of Ferrara because of her affair with composer Giaches de Wert

publications

  • Giovanni Artusi’s Seconda parte dell’arte del contraponto published in Venice
  • William Byrd’s Songs of sundrie natures & Cantiones sacrae I published in London
  • Andrea Gabrieli’s Il terzo libro di madrigali for 5 voices & Madrigali e ricercari for 4 voices published in Venice
  • Jacobus Gallus’s collection of secular music, Harmoniae morales, published in Prague
  • Francisco Guerrero’s Mottecta, liber secundus for 4 to 8 voices & Canciones y villanescas espirituales for 3 to 5 voices published in Venice
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Patrocinium musices: missae aliquot published in Munich
  • Leonhard Lechner’s Neue geistliche und weltliche teutsche Lieder published in Nuremberg
  • Philippe de Monte’s Il secondo libro de madrigali spirituali for 6 or 7 voices published in Venice
  • Alessandro Orologio’s Il secondo libro de madrigali published in Dresden
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s hymn collection Hymni totius anni secundum Sanctae Romanae Ecclesiae consuetudinem, necnon hymni religionum for 4 voices published in Rome
  • Salamone Rossi’s Il primo libro delle canzonette published in Venice
  • Orazio Vecchi’s Madrigali libro primo for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Giaches de Wert’s Il primo libro delle canzonette villanelle published in Venice

1590

  • Feb 4 Gioseffo Zarlino (73) dies in Venice
  • Feb 5 Bernardino de Sahagún (c. 90) dies in Mexico City
  • Jun 13 Thomas Ravenscroft baptised (London) English composer, publisher, theorist, music editor, teacher, singer. Died c.1635
  • Jul 3 Lucrezia Orsina Vizzana born (Bologna) Italian singer, organist, composer, Benedictine nun. Died 1662
  • Sep 20 Lodovico Agostini (c. 56) dies in Mantua
  • Sep 21 Ascanio Trombetti (45) dies in Bologna
  • Oct 16 Carlo Gesualdo murders his wife, Donna Maria d’Avalos, and her lover, Fabrizio Carafa, the Duke of Andria.
  • Nov 17 John Dowland’s air His golden locks time hath to silver turnd premiered in London sung by Robert Hales
  • Dec 7 Francisco Guerrero appointed maestro de capilla at Seville Cathedral
  • *Dario Castello born (Venice) Italian composer, cornettist, conductor. Died c.1658
  • *Adam Jarzębski born (Warsaw) Polish composer, violinist. Died c.1648
  • *Manuel Machado born (Lisbon) Portuguese composer, harpist. Died 1646
  • *Richard Mico born (Taunton, Somerset) English composer, organist, lutenist, teacher. Died 1661
  • Marcin Mielczewski born (Poland) Polish composer. Died 1651
  • *Juan Gutiérrez de Padilla born (Malaga) Spanish-Mexican composer, choirmaster. Most of his career spent in Mexico where he emigrated in 1620. Died 1664
  • *Johann Schop born (Hamburg?) German composer, violinist, viol player. Died 1667
  • *Maddalena Casulana (c. 46) dies
  • *Francisco de Salinas (c.77) dies
  • Baldassare Donato appointed maestro di cappella at S Marco, Venice following the death of Gioseffo Zarlino, a post he holds until his death in 1603
  • Claudio Monteverdi joins Duke Vincenzo Gonzaga I’s court at Mantua as a musician
  • *The serpent invented by Canon Edmé Guillaume in Auxerre

publications

  • Felice Anerio’s Il primo libro de madrigali for 6 voices published in Venice
  • Giovanni Croce’s Il primo libro de madrigali for 6 voices & Mascarate piacevoli et ridicolose per il carnevale, libro primo published in Venice
  • Hans Leo Hassler’s Canzonette a quattro voci published in Nuremberg
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Neue teutsche, und etliche frantzösische Gesäng published in Munich
  • Philippe de Monte’s Il quartodecimo libro de madrigali for 5 voices & Il terzo libro de madrigali spirituali for 6 voices published in Venice
  • Claudio Monteverdi’s Il secondo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s Missarum liber quintus for 4 to 6 voices published in Rome
  • Orazio Vecchi’s Motecta, Canzonette libro quarto & madrigal comedy Selva di varia ricreatione published in Venice
  • Thomas Watson’s The first sett, Of Italian Madrigalls Englished published in London
  • Thomas Whythorne’s Duos, or Songs for Two Voices published in London

1591

  • Jan 7 Jacobus de Kerle (c. 59) dies in Prague
  • Feb 10 Ambrose Lupo dies in London. Birth date unknown. Italian-born Tudor court composer, grandfather of Thomas Lupo the Elder
  • Feb 10 Giovanni Conti’s pastoral madrigal Astrea, lib. Giovanni Villifranchi, premiered in Volterra, Italy
  • Mar 1 Adrian Batten baptised (Salisbury) English composer, chorister. Compiler of the Batten Organbook, a manuscript collection of many contemporary works of English church music. Died 1637
  • Apr 5 Gioseffo Guami appointed organist at Lucca cathedral, a post he holds until his death in 1611
  • May 23 John Blitheman (c. 65) dies in London
  • Jun 16 Joseph Solomon Delmedigo born (Candia, Greece) Italian Rabbi, physician, writer, mathematician, music theorist. Died 1655
  • Jul 2 Vincenzo Galilei (c. 70) dies in Pisa
  • Jul 18 Jacobus Gallus (41) dies in Prague
  • Aug 21 Francisco Guerrero is sent to debtors’ prison but is freed after 12 days when Seville Cathedral agrees to pay his creditors
  • Oct 6 Settimia Caccini born (Florence) Italian composer, singer. Sister of Francesca Caccini (1587-1638), daughter of Giulio Caccini (1551-1618). Died c.1638
  • Nov 29 Alonso Lobo appointed maestro de capilla at Seville Cathedral
  • Joan Brudieu (c. 70) dies in La Seu d’Urgell, Catalonia
  • *William Daman (c.50) dies
  • *William Mundy (c. 62) dies in London
  • John Bull appointed organist of the Chapel Royal, succeeding John Blitheman
  • William Byrd’s manuscript My Ladye Nevells Booke containing 42 keyboard pieces completed

publications

  • William Byrd’s Liber secundus sacrarum cantionum published in London
  • Giovanni Croce’s Compietta published in Venice
  • Giovanni Giacomo Gastoldi’s Balleti a Cinque Voci published in Venice
  • Hans Leo Hassler’s Cantiones sacrae published in Augsburg
  • Luca Marenzio’s Il quinto libro de madrigali for 6 voices published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s Il sesto libro de madrigali for 6 voices & Il settimo libro de madrigali for 6 voices published in Venice
  • Peter Philips’s madrigal collection, Melodia Olympica published in Antwerp
  • Jacob Regnart’s Kurtzweilige teutsche Lieder published in Munich
  • Giaches de Wert’s Il decimo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice

1592

  • Feb 29 Alessandro Striggio (c. 55) dies in Mantua
  • Apr 9 Jiří Třanovský born (Teschen, Poland) Slovak hymnwriter, protestant priest. Died 1637
  • May 5 Giovanni Domenico da Nola (c. 77) dies in Naples
  • May 24 Nikolaus Selnecker (59) dies in Leipzig
  • Jul 1 Marc’Antonio Ingegneri (c.45) dies in Cremona
  • Jul 7 John Bull receives his music doctorate from Cambridge
  • Jul 24 Thomas Morley sworn in as a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal
  • Nov 8 Domenico Mazzocchi baptised (Viterbo, Italy) Italian composer, lawyer. Brother of Virgilio Mazzocchi (1597-1646). Died 1665
  • John Jenkins born (Maidstone) English composer, lutenist, viol player. Composer of more than 800 instrumental works. Died 1678
  • *Melchior Schildt born (Hannover) German composer, organist. Died 1667
  • Bernhard Schmid the elder (c. 57) dies
  • Annibale Zoilo (c. 55) dies in Loreto, Italy
  • Alfonso Ferrabosco the younger appointed composer to the court of Elizabeth I, a post he keeps until his death in 1628

publications

  • Sethus Calvisius’s treatise Melopoeia published in Erfurt
  • Giovanni Croce’s Motetti published in Venice
  • Christoph Demantius’s treatise Forma musices published in Bautzen
  • Claudio Merulo’s Canzoni d’intavolatura d’organo fatte alla francese published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s Il quintodecimo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Claudio Monteverdi’s Il terzo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Tomás Luis de Victoria’s Missae, una cum antiphonis Asperges, et Vidi aquam totius anni: liber secundus published in Rome
  • Lodovico Zacconi’s Prattica di Musica I published in Venice

1593

  • Mar 22 Johann Ulrich Steigleder born (Schwäbisch Hall, Germany) German composer, organist. Died 1635
  • Jul 18 Tomás Luis de Victoria’s motet Surge Debora et loquere canticum premiered in Rome at a Mass celebrating the defeat of the Turks at Sisak
  • Sep 20 Gottfried Scheidt born (Halle) German composer, organist. Organist at the Altenburg court from 1617 to 1658. Brother of Samuel Scheidt (1587-1654). Died 1661
  • Nov 18 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s hymn Vexilla Regis [the royal standard] premiered in Rome
  • Peter Philips, staying in Holland, charged with treason against Queen Elizabeth I but is acquitted

publications

  • Vittoria Aleotti’s Sacrae cantiones quinque, septem, octo & decem vocibus decantande published, the first sacred music composed by a woman to be published in print
  • The first part of Girolamo Diruta’s treatise on organ playing and composition Il transilvano published in Venice. The second follows in 1609
  • Giovanni Gabrieli’s organ collection Intonationi d’organo … libro primo published in Venice
  • Claudio Merulo’s Il secondo libro de motetti a sei voci (second book of motets for seven voices) published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s Il sestodecimo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Thomas Morley’s Canzonets, or Little Short Songs to Three Voyces published in London
  • Alessandro Orologio’s Canzonette, libro I published in Venice
  • Benedetto Pallavicino’s Il quinto libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice

1594

  • Feb 2 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (68) dies in Rome of pleurisy
  • Feb 5 Biagio Marini born (Brescia) Italian composer, violinist, choirmaster, music director. Died 1663
  • Feb 21 Carlo Gesualdo marries Leonora d’Este in Ferrara
  • Mar 12 Ruggiero Giovannelli appointed chapel master at the Julian Chapel, St Peter’s, Rome
  • May 24 Orlande de Lassus’ Lagrime di San Pietro madrigal cycle completed
  • May 2 Thomas Ravenscroft becomes a chorister at Chichester Cathedral
  • May 23 Girolamo Bartei sacked from his post as maestro di cappella of Arezzo cathedral
  • Jun 14 Orlande de Lassus (c. 62) dies in Munich
  • Jul 10 Paolo Bellasio (40) dies in Rome
  • Sep 13 Francesco Manelli born (Rome) Italian composer, theorbo player. Died 1667
  • Nov 3 William Brade appointed violist and violinist at the Brandenburg court in Berlin
  • Nov 26 Balduin Hoyoul (c. 46) dies in Stuttgart of the plague
  • Felice Anerio appointed composer to the Papal chapel, succeeding Palestrina
  • John Dowland leaves England for Europe claiming his Catholicism prevented him from getting work

publications

  • Giovanni Croce’s Motetti & Novi pensieri musicali published in Venice
  • Carlo Gesualdo’s first and second books of madrigals published in Ferrara
  • Claude Le Jeune’s Airs mis en musique published in Paris
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Cantiones sacrae for 6 voices published in Graz
  • Luzzasco Luzzaschi’s Il quarto libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Ferrara
  • Luca Marenzio’s Il sesto libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Claudio Merulo’s Sacrorum concentuum published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s L’ottavo libro delli madrigali for 6 voices published in Venice
  • Thomas Morley’s Madrigalls to Foure Voyces: the First Booke published in London
  • John Mundy’s Songs and Psalms published
  • Claudio Merulo’s Sacrorum concentuum octonis, den: duoden: & sexdenis vocibus modulandorum liber primus published in Venice
  • Alessandro Orologio’s Canzonette, libro II published in Venice
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s Missae quinque, liber sextus for 4 or 5 voices & Missae quinque, liber septimus for 4 or 5 voices published in Rome
  • Sebastian Raval’s Lamentationes Hieremiae Prophetae published in Rome
  • Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck’s Chansons for 5 voices published in Antwerp
Orlande de Lassus (1532-1594)

Orlande de Lassus (1532-1594)

1595

  • Jan 26 Antonio Maria Abbatini born (Perugia) Italian composer of church music, choirmaster. Wrote 3 operas. Died 1678
  • Feb 16 John Farmer appointed organist at Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin
  • Feb 26 Luca Bati’s masque Le fiamme d’amore [the flames of love], lib. Gino Ginori, premiered in Florence
  • Mar 13 Giovanni Battista Doni born (Florence) Italian musicologist, classicist. Died 1647
  • Apr 5 John Wilson born (Faversham, Kent) English composer, lutenist, singer. Professor of Music at Oxford University 1656-61. Died 1674
  • Apr 28 Sebastian Raval appointed maestro di cappella at St. Peter’s, Palermo
  • Apr Annibale Stabile (c.60) dies in Krakow
  • Jun 5 Girolamo Bartei reappointed as maestro di cappella of Arezzo cathedral after being sacked the previous year
  • Jul 23 Thoinot Arbeau (76) dies in Langres, France
  • Oct 29 Emilio de’ Cavalieri’s pastorella Il giuoco della cieca premiered in Florence with text adapted by Laura Guidiccioni from Guarini’s poem Il pastor fido
  • Nov 19 Hubert Waelrant (c. 78) dies in Antwerp
  • Dec 5 Henry Lawes born (Dinton, Wilts) English composer, viol player, teacher. Brother of William Lawes (1602-45). Died 1662
  • *Giovanni Battista Buonamente born (Mantua) Italian composer, violinist, choirmaster, singer, Franciscan monk. Early composer for the violin. Died 1642
  • *Tarquinio Merula born (Cremona) Italian composer, organist, violinist. Died 1665
  • *Johann Nauwach born (Dresden?) German composer, lutenist. Died 1630
  • *Heinrich Scheidemann born (Wöhrden, Germany) German composer, organist, teacher. Organist at St Catherine’s, Hamburg 1629-63. Died 1663
  • *Francesco Turini born (Prague) Italian composer, organist. Organist at Brescia Cathedral 1620-56. Died 1656
  • Thomas Whythorne (c. 67) dies

publications

  • Adriano Banchieri’s Concerti ecclesiastici published in Venice
  • Joachim à Burck’s hymn collection 15 Psalmi graduum published in Erfurt
  • Giovanni Croce’s Motetti libro secondo & Triaca musicale … nella quale vi sono diversi caprici published in Venice
  • Christoph Demantius’s Neue teutsche weltliche Lieder published in Nuremberg
  • Carlo Gesualdo’s third book of madrigals published in Ferrara
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Lagrime di S Pietro … con un mottetto nel fine published in Munich
  • Luzzasco Luzzaschi’s Il quinto libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Ferrara
  • Luca Marenzio’s Il sesto libro de madrigali for 6 voices & Il settimo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s Il decimosettimo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Thomas Morley’s The First Booke of Balletts to Five Voyces & The First Booke of Canzonets to Two Voyces published in London
  • Giaches de Wert’s L’undecimo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice

1596

  • Jan 7 Francis Cutting (c.45) dies
  • Feb 14 Orlando Gibbons becomes a member of the King’s College Choir at Cambridge
  • Feb 29 Philippe Rogier (c. 34) dies in Madrid
  • Mar John Bull appointed the first Gresham Professor of Music in London, a post he holds until 1607
  • Apr 27 Jacob Regnart leaves his position of Kapellmeister to Archduke Ferdinand in Innsbruck
  • May 6 Giaches de Wert (c. 60) dies in Mantua
  • Aug 10 John Farmer appointed choirmaster at Christ Church Cathedral, Dublin
  • Sep 4 Constantijn Huygens born (Den Haag) Dutch poet, composer, diplomat. Secretary to two princes of Orange. Died 1687
  • Sep 29 William Brade leaves his position of violist and violinist at the Brandenburg court in Berlin
  • Dec 3 Nicolò Amati born (Cremona) Italian violin maker. Grandson of Andrea Amati (1511-80). Died 1684
  • Dec 27 Pietro Pontio (64) dies in Parma
  • *Giovanni Rovetta born (Venice) Italian composer, singer, choirmaster. Entire career spent at St Mark’s, Venice, first as a singer and finally as maestro di cappella. Died 1668
  • Thomas Morley granted the monopoly of English music printing on the death of William Byrd

publications

  • Felice Anerio’s Sacri hymni et cantica liber primus published in Venice
  • Adriano Banchieri’s instrumental collection Canzoni alla francese published in Venice
  • William Barley publishes A New Booke of Tabliture, a tutor for the lute and related instruments, that was controversial for its errors and the fact that works had been printed without permission
  • Joachim à Burck’s hymn collection Vom heiligen Ehstande: 41 Liedlein … libri secundi published in Mühlhausen
  • Giovanni Croce’s Messe for 8 voices; Messe for 5 voices; Li 7 sonetti penitentiali & Salmi che si cantano a terza, con l’inno Te Deum, e i salmi Benedictus e Miserere published in Venice
  • Christoph Demantius’s Der Spruch Joel published in Nuremberg
  • Jacobus Gallus’s collection of secular music, Moralia, published in Nuremberg
  • Carlo Gesualdo’s fourth book of madrigals published in Ferrara
  • Hans Leo Hassler’s Neüe teütsche Gesang & Madrigali published in Augsburg
  • Luzzasco Luzzaschi’s Il sesto libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Ferrara
  • Philippe de Monte’s book of motets Sacrarum cantionum … liber primus for 4 voices published in Venice
  • Peter Phillips’s Il primo libro de madrigali for 6 voices published in Antwerp
  • Alessandro Striggio’s ll terzo libro de madrigali for 5 voices & ll quarto libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice

1597

  • Jan 29 Elias Ammerbach (c. 66) dies in Leipzig
  • Mar 6 John Bull appointed ‘public reader’ at Gresham College, London
  • Jun 1 Estêvão de Brito appointed maestro de capilla at Badajoz cathedral
  • Jun 9 Nathaniel Giles appointed Master of the Children at the Chapel Royal in London
  • Jul 22 Virgilio Mazzocchi baptised (Rome) Italian composer, choirmaster. Co-wrote the opera Chi soffre, speri with Marco Marazzoli and librettist Giulio Rospigliosi, considered the first comic opera (see 12/2/1637). Brother of Domenico Mazzocchi (1592-1665). Died 1646
  • Sep Pedro Bermúdez leaves Spain to become chapel master at Cusco Cathedral, Peru
  • Oct 7 Francesco Rovigo (c. 56) dies in Mantua
  • Oct 23 Cyriakus Schneegass (51) dies in Friedrichroda, Germany
  • Andreas Düben born (Leipzig) German composer, organist, conductor. Father of Gustaf Düben (1628-90). Died 1662
  • Charles Racquet born (Paris) French composer. Organist at Notre Dame de Paris 1618-64. Died 1664
  • Galeazzo Sabbatini born (Pesaro, Italy) Italian composer, music theorist, music director, cleric. Died 1662

publications

  • Adriano Banchieri’s Canzonette, novamente, sotto diversi capricci, composte published in Venice
  • Giovanni Croce’s Motetti for 4 voices & Vespertina omnium solemnitatum published in Venice
  • John Dowland’s First Booke of Songes or Ayres published
  • Johannes Eccard’s Geistliche Lieder published in Königsberg (Kaliningrad)
  • Giovanni Gabrieli’s Sacrae symphoniae published in Venice
  • Francisco Guerrero’s Mottecta for 4 to 12 voices published in Venice
  • Anthony Holborne’s 58 piece collection The Cittharn Schoole published in London
  • George Kirbye’s The first set Of English Madrigalls, to 4 5 & 6 voyces published in London
  • Orlande de Lassus’s Cantiones ab Orlando di Lasso et huius filio Ferdinando di Lasso compositae published in Munich
  • Philippe de Monte’s Il decimottavo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Thomas Morley’s book A Plaine and Easie Introduction to Practicall Musicke published in London
  • Alessandro Orologio’s Intradae published in Helmstaedt
  • Alessandro Striggio’s ll quinto libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Orazio Vecchi’s Sacrarum cantionum liber secundus; Canzonette for 3 voices; madrigal-comedy L’Amfiparnaso (premiered in Modena in 1594) & madrigal-comedy Il convito musicale published in Venice
  • Thomas Weelkes’s First Set of Madrigals published in London

1598

  • Apr 8 Ludwig Helmbold (66) dies in Mühlhausen
  • Apr 9 Johann Crüger born (Guben, Germany) German hymn composer, organist. Cantor and organist at St Nicholas, Berlin 1622-62. Died 1662
  • Apr Claude Le Jeune’s psalm collection Dodecacorde published in La Rochelle
  • May 3 Anna Guarini (c. 35) murdered in Modena with a hatchet by her husband Ercole Trotti
  • Sep 24 Giovanni Francesco Busenello born (Venice) Italian poet, lawyer. Librettist for five operas by Claudio Monteverdi and Francesco Cavalli. Died 1659
  • Sep 28 Thomas Morley granted a patent to print music books
  • Oct Orazio Vecchi appointed maestro di corte at the Este court in Modena
  • Nov 18 John Dowland becomes a member of the court of Christian IV, King of Denmark
  • Dec 26 Jacopo Peri and Jacopo Corsi’s opera Dafne, lib. Ottavio Rinuccini, premiered privately in Florence
  • Dec Giovanni Dragoni (c. 58) dies in Rome
  • *Luigi Rossi born (Torremaggiore, Italy) Italian composer, singer, organist. Died 1653
  • Noel Faignient (c. 58) dies
  • Adrian Le Roy (c.78) dies in Paris
  • Claudio Pari sentenced to row in the galleys for five years by the Inquisition on a charge of heresy
  • The Concerto delle donne disband after the annexing of Ferrara by the Papal States

publications

  • Felice Anerio’s Madrigali for 3 voices published in Venice
  • Giovanni Artusi’s L’arte del contraponto, a revised compilation of his previous two books, published in Venice
  • Adriano Banchieri’s Salmi for 5 voices & La pazzia senile published in Venice
  • Michael Cavendish’s collection of songs for lute Ayres in Tabletorie published in London
  • Claude Le Jeune’s Dodécacorde published in La Rochelle
  • Luca Marenzio’s L’ottavo libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Claudio Merulo’s Toccate d’intavolatura d’organo, libro primo published in Rome
  • Philippe de Monte’s Il decimonono libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • August Nörmiger’s organ tabulature manuscript Tabulaturbuch auff dem Instrumente written for Sophie von Sachsen in Dresden
  • Peter Phillips’s Madrigali for 8 voices published in Antwerp
  • Thomas Weelkes’s Second Set of Madrigals published in London
  • John Wilbye’s The First Set of English Madrigals published in London

1599

  • Jan 5 Emilio de ‘Cavalieri’s pastorale Il giuoco della cieca [the game of blind], lib. Laura Guidiccioni, premiered in Florence
  • Jan 21 Jacopo Peri and Jacopo Corsi’s opera Dafne, lib. Ottavio Rinuccini, premiered publically in Florence (revised version)
  • Jan 22 Cristofano Malvezzi (51) dies in Florence
  • Feb 1 Luca Batil appointed maestro di cappella at Florence cathedral
  • Mar 23 Thomas Selle born (Leipzig) German composer, organist, teacher, music director. Died 1663
  • Apr 30 Lorenzo Vecchi appointed maestro di cappella at Bologna cathedral
  • May 20 Claudio Monteverdi marries singer Claudia de Cattaneis in Mantua
  • Aug 22 Luca Marenzio (45) dies in Rome
  • Sep 1 Francisco Correa de Arauxo appointed organist of the church of S Salvador, Seville at the age of 15 but court cases delay his assuming the post until Sep 1605. He stays until 1636
  • Sep 6 William Brade appointed violist and violinist at the court of King Christian IV in Copenhagen
  • Oct 10 Étienne Moulinié born (Languedoc, France) French composer, singer. Worked as the court musical director for Gaston, Duke of Orléans, brother of Louis XIII until 1660. Died 1676
  • Oct 16 Jacob Regnart (c. 59) dies in Prague
  • Nov 8 Francisco Guerrero (71) dies in Seville of the plague
  • John Hilton born (Cambridge?) English composer, organist. Died 1657
  • Pedro Ruimonte moves to Flanders from Spain

publications

  • Richard Allison’s The Psalms of David in Meter published in London
  • Adriano Banchieri’s Messa solenne published in Venice
  • Joachim à Burck’s 40 deutsche christl. Liedlein published in Mühlhausen
  • Giovanni Croce’s Messe for 5 or 6 voices published in Venice
  • John Farmer’s The first set of English Madrigals published in London
  • Hans Leo Hassler’s Missae published in Nuremberg
  • Anthony Holborne’s Pavans, Galliards, Almains and other short Aeirs, a collection of 65 pieces, published in London
  • Luca Marenzio’s Il nono libro de madrigali for 5 voices published in Venice
  • Simone Molinaro’s lute book Intavolatura di liuto libro primo published in Venice
  • Philippe de Monte’s La fiammetta … libro primo for 7 voices published in Venice
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina’s Missarum liber octavus for 4 to 6 voices & Missarum liber nonus for 4 to 6 voices published in Venice

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