1770-74

<1765-17691775-1779>

Jan 1770

8

  • Agostino Accorimboni’s opera Le contadine astute [the cunning peasant], lib. Tommaso Mariani, premiered in Rome
  • Niccolò Piccinni’s opera Didone abbandonata [Dido abandoned] premiered in Rome, lib. P. Metastasio
  • Antonio Sacchini’s opera Scipione in Cartagena [Scipio in Carthage] premiered in Munich, lib. E. Giunti

13

  • Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi’s opera Ezio premiered in London, lib. P. Metastasio

18

  • Anton Schweitzer’s opera Elysium, lib. Johann Georg Jacobi, premiered in Hannover

22

  • François-André Danican Philidor’s opera La nouvelle école des femmes [the new school for women] premiered in Paris, lib. A. Mouslier de Moissy

29

  • Johann Adam Hiller’s opera Die Jagd [the Hunt] premiered in Weimar, lib. C.F. Weisse

Feb 1770

9

  • Daniel Belknap born (Framingham, MA) American composer, farmer, poet, teacher. Died 1815
  • Ferdinando Carulli born (Naples) Italian composer, guitarist, teacher. Died 1841

11

  • Antonio Sacchini’s opera Calliroe premiered in Ludwigsburg, lib. M. Verazi

12

  • Antonio Rodríguez de Hita’s opera Hormesinda premiered in Madrid. Lib. Nicolás Fernández de Moratín

13

  • Niccolò Piccinni’s opera La donna di spirito [The woman of spirit], lib. Marcello Bernardini, premiered in Rome

18

  • Johann Christian Heinrich Rinck born (Elgersberg, Germany) German composer, organist. Died 1846

19

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Silvain premiered in Paris, lib. J.F. Marmontel

26

  • Anton Reicha born (Prague) Franco-Czech composer, music theorist, teacher. Nephew of Josef Reicha (1752-95). Died 1836
  • Giuseppe Tartini (77) dies in Padua

Mar 1770

11

  • Michael Haydn’s oratorio Der remütige Petrus [The repentant Peter], text Florian Reichssiegel, premiered in Salzburg

15

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s String quartet K80 completed

22

  • Johann Christian Bach’s oratorio Gioas, re di Giuda [Gioas king of Judah] premiered in London, lib. P. Metastasio

23

  • Jan August Vitásek born (Horin, Czech Rep) Czech composer, music director. Died 1839

31

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Les filles pourvues [Girls equipped] premiered in Paris, lib. L. Anseaume
André Grétry (1741-1813)

André Grétry (1741-1813)

Apr 1770

7

  • Christoph Willibald Gluck’s opera Orfeo ed Euridice [Orpheus and Euridice], lib. Ranieri de’ Calzabigi,  premiered in London

14

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Contredanses (1) K123 completed

19

  • Esprit Antoine Blanchard (74) dies in Versailles

27

  • Antonio Sacchini’s opera L’eroe cinese [the Chinese hero] premiered in Munich, lib. P. Metastasio

28

  • Marie Anne de Cupis de Camargo (60) dies in Paris

May 1770

6

  • Antonio Boroni succeeds Niccolò Jommelli as Kapellmeister at the Württemberg court in Stuttgart

10

  • Charles Avison (61) dies in Newcastle-upon-Tyne after being caught in a freak spring blizzard

19

  • Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi’s opera Il disertore [the deserter] premiered in London, lib. C. F. Badini

30

  • Niccolò Jommelli’s opera Armida abbandonata [Armida abandoned] premiered in Naples, lib. F.S. de Rogatis

Jun 1770

4

  • James Hewitt born (Dartmoor, Devon) Anglo-American conductor, composer, music publisher. Father of John Hill Hewitt (1801-90). Died 1827

28

  • Thomas Arne’s Libera me for solo voices and chorus premiered in London

unk

  • Charles Burney makes his first trip to Europe to research his History of music, visiting France, Switzerland and Italy

Jul 1770

5

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart made a Knight of the Golden Spur by Pope Clemens XIV in Rome

15

  • Antonio Rodríguez de Hita’s opera Scipión en Cartagena [Scipio in Carthage] premiered in Madrid. Lib. Agustín Cordero

20

  • Charles Dibdin’s opera The Recruiting Serjeant premiered in London. Lib. Isaac Bickerstaffe

25

  • Joseph Haydn’s Symphony no.48 in C major, Maria Theresia premiered in Kittsee, Austria

Sep 1770

3

  • Florian Gassmann’s opera La contessina [the Countess], lib. Marco Coltellini, premiered in Uničov, Czech Rep

16

  • Joseph Haydn’s opera Le pescatrici aka Die Fischerinnen [the fisherman] premiered in Eisenstadt, lib. Carlo Goldoni
  • Johann Adolf Hasse’s opera Piramo e Tisbe [Pyramus and Thisbe], lib. Marco Coltellini, premiered in Vienna

Oct 1770

1

  • Louis-Gabriel Guillemain (64) dies in Chaville, France, possibly a suicide, more likely through drink

7

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Le trame per amore [The plots for love] premiered in Naples, lib. F. Cerlone

8

  • Giuseppe Sarti’s opera Soliman den Anden [Suleiman the Andean] premiered in Copenhagen, lib. C.D. Biehl

10

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Quaerite primum K86 completed

20

  • Egidio Duni’s opera Thémire premiered in Fontainebleau, lib. M.-J. Sedaine

27

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Les deux avares [The two misers] premiered in Fontainebleau, lib. C.G. Fenouillot de Falbaire

Nov 1770

3

  • Christoph Willibald Gluck’s opera Paride ed Elena [Paris and Helen] premiered in Vienna, lib. R. Calzabigi

4

  • Niccolò Jommelli’s opera Demofoonte premiered in Naples, lib. P. Metastasio (fourth version)

5

  • Niccolò Piccinni’s opera Catone in Utica premiered in Mannheim, lib. P. Metastasio

8

  • Friedrich Witt born (Niederstetten, Germany) German composer, cellist. Died 1836
  • Luigi Boccherini enters the service of Don Luis in Aranjuez, Spain

13

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera L’amitié à l’épreuve [The friendship test] premiered in Fontainebleau, lib. C.-S. Favart and C.-H. Fusée de Voisenon

17

  • Gian Francesco de Majo (37) dies in Naples of tuberculosis

29

  • Peter Hänsel born (Leipa, Poland) German violinist, composer. Wrote 58 string quartets. Died 1831

Dec 1770

9

  • Gottlieb Muffat (80) dies in Vienna

13

  • John Clarke Whitfield born (Gloucester) English composer, organist, teacher. Died 1836
  • Thomas Arne’s masque King Arthur premiered in London, lib. D. Garrick

16

  • Ludwig van Beethoven born (Bonn) German composer, pianist, conductor. Major works include 9 symphonies, 5 piano concertos, 32 piano sonatas and 16 string quartets. Died 1827

26

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s opera Mitridate, re di Ponto [Mithridates, King of Pontus] K87 premiered in Milan, lib. V.A. Cigna-Santi

1770 (date unknown)

  • Francesco Araja (c. 60) dies in Bologna

publications

  • CPE Bach’s keyboard collection Musikalisches Vielerley published in Hamburg & Six sonates pour le claveçin à l’usage des dames published in Amsterdam
  • Johann Christian Bach’s Six simphonies op.6 published in Amsterdam & Sei Concerti op.7 (for keyboard and strings) published in London
  • William Billings’s The New England Psalm-Singer published in Boston, MA, the first published collection devoted entirely to American music
  • Luigi Boccherini’s Concerto grande a più stromenti obbligati op.8 published in Paris
  • Christian Cannabich’s 6 sinfonie concertanti op.7 (for 2 flutes and string trio) published in Paris
  • Pietro Nardini’s 6 Sonatas for two German Flutes or 2 Violins and a bass published in London
  • Carl Stamitz’s op.1 – 6 orchestral quartets & op.2 – 6 string trios published in Paris
  • Johann Baptist Vanhal’s 6 quatuors concertantes op.3; string trios op.4 & string trios op.5 published in Paris

William Billings 1746-1800

Jan 1771

2

  • Niccolò Piccinni’s opera Le finte gemelle [The fake twin] premiered in Rome, lib. G. Petrosellini

16

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Annibale in Torino [Hannibal in Turin] premiered in Turin, lib. J. Durandi

23

  • Josef Mysliveček’s opera Montezuma premiered in Naples. Lib. Vittorio Amedeo Cigna-Santi

26

  • Niccolò Jommelli’s opera Achille in Sciro [Achilles in Skyros] premiered in Rome, lib. P. Metastasio (second version)

30

  • Giuseppe Sarti’s opera Demofoonte premiered in Copenhagen, lib. P. Metastasio (2nd version)

Feb 1771

15

  • Michael Haydn’s oratorio Der büssende Sünder [The penitent sinner] premiered in Salzburg

23

  • GPietro Alessandro Guglielmi’s opera Le pazzie di Orlando [The madness of Orlando] premiered in London, lib. C. F. Badini

24

  • Johann Baptist Cramer born (Mannheim) German composer, pianist, publisher. Son of Wilhelm Cramer (1746-99), brother of Franz Kramer (1772-1848). Died 1858

Mar 1771

21

  • Thomas John Dibdin born (London) English dramatist, songwriter. Son of Charles Dibdin (1745-1814). Died 1841

28

  • Wolfgang and Leopold Mozart return from their tour of Italy

30

  • Anton Joseph Hampel (c. 60) dies in Dresden

Apr 1771

4

  • Giuseppe Sarti’s opera Tronfølgen i Sidon [Succession to the throne of Sidon] premiered in Copenhagen, lib. N.K. Bredal

18

  • Johann Adam Hiller and Christian Gottlob Neefe’s operetta Der Dorfbarbier [The village barber] premiered in Leipzig, lib. C.F. Weisse

May 1771

15

  • Niccolò Piccinni’s opera La donna di bell’umore [The woman of fine humour], lib. anon, premiered in Naples

30

  • Niccolò Jommelli’s opera Ifigenia in Tauride [Iphigenia in Tauris] premiered in Naples, lib. M. Verazi

Jun 1771

2

  • Antonio Salieri’s opera Armida premiered in Vienna, lib. M. Coltellini

5

  • Theodore Aylward Sr. succeeds Thomas Griffin as Gresham Professor of Music in London, a post he holds until 1801

18

  • Antonio Boroni appointed Kapellmeister at the Court of Württemberg in Stuttgart

23

  • Jean-Claude Trial (38) dies in Paris

Jul 1771

1

  • Ferdinando Paer born (Parma) Italian opera composer. Died 1839

24

  • James Hook’s opera Dido premiered in London. Lib. Thomas Bridges

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.12 K110 completed & oratorio La Betulia liberata K118, lib. P. Metastasio, completed but never performed

Aug 1771

13

  • Wolfgang and Leopold Mozart set out on a second tour of Italy

Oct 1771

1

  • Pierre Baillot born (Passy, France) French composer, violinist, teacher, conductor. Died 1842

14

  • František Brixi (39) dies in Prague

16

  • Johann Adolf Hasse’s opera Il Ruggiero premiered in Milan, lib. P. Metastasio

17

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s opera Ascanio in Alba K111 premiered in Milan, lib. G. Parini

21

  • Alexandre-Étienne Choron born (Caen) French mathematician, musicologist, music administrator. Director of the Paris Opera 1816-17. Died 1834

26

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera L’ami de la maison [The friend of the house] premiered in Fontainebleau, lib. J.F. Marmontel

27

  • Johann Gottlieb Graun (c. 69) dies in Berlin

Nov 1771

2

  • Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny’s opera Le Faucon [the falcon], lib. Michel-Jean Sedaine, premiered in Fontainebleu
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.13 in F major K112 completed

4

  • Antonio Sacchini’s opera Ezio premiered in Naples, lib. P. Metastasio

8

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.13 in F major K112 premiered in Milan

9

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s comedy-ballet Zémire et Azorn premiered in Fontainebleau, lib. J.F. Marmontel

12

  • Thomas Arne’s masque The Fairy Prince premiered in London, lib. Colman the elder

18

  • Giuseppe de Majo (73) dies in Naples

22

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Divertimento for orchestra K113 completed

23

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Divertimento for orchestra K113 premiered in Milan

Dec 1771

13

  • Christian Gottlob Neefe’s opera Die Apotheke [the chemist], lib. Johann Jakob Engel, premiered in Berlin

14

  • Michael Haydn’s Missa S. Nicolai Tolentini for 4 solo voices, choir and orchestra premiered in Salzburg

15

  • Leopold & Wolfgang Mozart arrive back from Milan

22

  • Joseph Haydn’s Baryton trios IV (24 trios for baryton, viola and cello) completed

26

  • Josef Mysliveček’s opera Il gran Tamerlano [the great Tamerlane], lib. Agostino Piovene, premiered in Milan
  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Artaserse premiered in Modena, lib. P. Metastasio

30

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.14 in A major K114 completed

31

  • Michael Haydn’s requiem Missa pro defuncto Archiepiscopo Sigismundo for 4 solo voices, choir, organ and orchestra premiered in Salzburg

1771 (date unknown)

  • Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf appointed court composer to Philipp Gotthard von Schaffgotsch, Prince-Bishop of Breslau in Javorník, Czech Rep. He remains in the post until 1794 when he is fired
  • Florian Leopold Gaßmann founds the Tonkünstlersozietät (Society of Musical Artists) in Vienna to organise musical events for the general public

publications

  • Carl Friedrich Abel’s 6 Trio Sonatas for Violin, Cello and Basso Continuo op.9; 6 Symphonies op.10 & 6 Concerti for Keyboard and Strings op.11 published in London
  • Luigi Boccherini’s 6 Cello Sonatas6 Symphonies Op. 12, G 503-508 published in London
  • Charles Burney’s The Present State of Music in France and Italy published in London
  • Muzio Clementi’s 6 Sonatas op.1 for harpsichord or piano published in London
  • Johann Gottfried Müthel’s Duetto für 2 Clavier, 2 Flügel, oder 2 Fortepiano published, the first collection to specifically mention the fortepiano
  • Carl Stamitz’s op.6 – 6 symphonies published in Paris
  • Johann Baptist Vanhal’s 6 string quartets op.6 & 6 string quartets op.7 published in Paris

Johann Baptist Vanhal 1739-1813

Jan 1772

2

  • Agostino Accorimboni’s opera L’amante nel sacco [The lover in the sack], lib. Gregorio Mancinelli, premiered in Rome

14

  • Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi’s opera Il carnovale di Venezia [The Carnival of Venice] premiered in London, lib. C. F. Badini

29

  • Antonio Salieri’s opera La fiera di Venezia [The exhibition in Venice] premiered in Vienna, lib. G.G. Boccherini

publications

  • Johann Baptist Vanhal’s Six Flute Quartets op.7 published in Paris

Feb 1772

5

  • Panna Cinka (c. 60) buried in Gömör, Hungary

13

  • Pierre-Claude Foucquet (c. 78) dies in Paris

21

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.15 in G major K124 completed

22

  • Niccolò Piccinni’s opera L’americano [the American], lib. unknown, premiered in Rome

26

  • Kaspar Fürstenau born (Münster) German flautist, composer, teacher. Father of Anton Bernhard Fürstenau (1792-1852). Died 1819

publications

  • Johann Christian Bach’s Symphonie Concertante published in London

Mar 1772

3

  •  Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf marries soprano Nicolina Trink in Vienna

11

  • Georg Reutter II (63) dies in Vienna

13

  • Florian Gassmann succeeds Georg Reutter II as Kapellmeister at the Kaiserliche Hofkapelle in Vienna

16

  • Thomas Arne’s opera Squire Badger premiered in London, lib. composer after Henry Fielding

17

  • Stephen Jenks born (Glocester, RI) American composer, teacher, songbook compiler, music editor. Died 1856

19

  • Giuseppe Sarti’s opera Deucalion og Pyrrha [Deucalion and Pyrrha] premiered in Copenhagen, lib. C.A. Thielo and N.K. Bredal

24

  • Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi’s opera L’assemblea [The assembly] premiered in London, lib. G. Bottarelli

29

  • Florian Gassmann’s oratorio La Betulia liberata [The freed Bethulia] premiered in Vienna

30

  • Johann Wilhelm Wilms baptised (Solingen, Germany) German composer, writer, organist, flautist, teacher. Died 1847

Apr 1772

5

  • Domenico Puccini born (Lucca) Italian composer, pianist. Grandfather of Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924). Died 1815

6

  • Johann Christian Bach’s serenata Endimione premiered in London, lib. P. Metastasio

19

  • Johann Peter Kellner (66) dies in Gräfenroda, Germany

20

  • Luigi Antonio Sabbatini appointed maestro di cappella at the Basilica of the Twelve Apostles in Rome

22

  • Marie-Justine-Benoîte Favart (44) dies in Paris

May 1772

1

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s serenata Il sogno di Scipione [The Dream of Scipio] K126 premiered in Salzburg, lib. P. Metastasio

6

  • Edmund Pascha (c. 58) dies

10

  • Christian Gottlob Neefe’s opera Amors Guckkasten [Cupid proscenium], lib. Johann Benjamin Michaelis, premiered in Leipzig

11

  • Christophe Moyreau (72) dies in Orléans

12

  • Antonio Salieri’s opera Il barone di Rocca antica [The Baron of ancient fortress] premiered in Vienna, lib. G. Petrosellini

21

  • Michael Haydn’s Missa St. Joannis Nepomuceni for 4 solo voices, choir and orchestra premiered in Salzburg

27

  • Baldassare Galuppi’s opera Montezuma premiered in Venice, lib. V.A. Cigna-Santi

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphonies no.16 K128; 17 K129 & 18 K130 completed

Jun 1772

3

  • Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf’s opera Il finto pazzo per amore [the fool for false love], lib. Tommaso Mariani, premiered in Johannisberg, Austria
  • Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi’s opera Demetrio premiered in London, lib. G. Bottarelli

10

  • Thomas Arne’s opera The Cooper premiered in London. Lib. Arne

12

  • James Hook’s opera Cupid’s Revenge premiered in London. Lib. Francis Gentleman

15

  • Louis-Claude Daquin (77) dies in Paris
  • Michael Haydn’s Symphony No.14 in B-flat major premiered in Salzburg

23

  • Florian Gassmann’s opera I rovinati [The ruined], lib. Giovanni Antonio Gastone Boccherini, premiered in Vienna

30

  • Anton Schweitzer’s opera Die Dorfgala [the village gala], lib. Friedrich Wilhelm Gotter, premiered in Hannover

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Divertimento K131 & Minuets (6) K164 completed

Jul 1772

11

  • Domenico Ronconi born (Lendinara, Italy) Italian tenor singer, voice teacher. Died 1839

unk

  • Charles Burney makes his second trip to Europe to research his History of music, visiting Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony nos.19 K132 & 20 K133 completed

Aug 1772

15

  • Johann Nepomuk Maelzel born (Regensburg, Germany) German inventor, engineer, showman, fraudster. Invented the metronome. Also invented the notorious fake ‘Ches Turk’ chess-playing automaton. Died 1838

17

  • Johann Adam Hiller’s opera Der Krieg [the war] premiered in Berlin, lib. C.F. Weisse and C.W. Ramler

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.21 K134 completed

Sep 1772

14

  • Niccolò Jommelli’s serenata Cerere placata [Ceres appeased] premiered in Naples, lib. M. Sarcone

27

  • Antonio Casimir Cartellieri born (Gdansk) Czech composer, violinist, conductor, teacher. Died 1807

unk

  • Joseph Haydn’s Symphony No.45 “Farewell Symphony premiered at Esterháza, Hungary. At its close, the musicians left one by one leaving just Haydn and Luigi Tomasini on violins. Prince Nicolaus Esterházy understood the message, and the next day the court returned to Eisenstadt where the musicians were reunited with their families

Oct 1772

4

  • François-Louis Perne born (Paris) French composer, musicographer, singer, teacher. Died 1832
  • Antonio Rodríguez de Hita’s opera La república de las mujeres [The republic of women] premiered in Madrid. Lib. Ramón de la Cruz

8

  • Jean-Joseph de Mondonville (60) dies in Paris

21

  • Antonio Salieri’s opera La secchia rapita [The stolen bucket] premiered in Vienna, lib. G.G. Boccherini

24

  • Wolfgang and Leopold Mozart set out on a third tour of Italy

Nov 1772

4

  • Niccolò Piccinni’s opera Ipermestra premiered in Naples, lib. P. Metastasio

5

  • Johann Christian Bach’s operas Temistocle, lib. P. Metastasio & Lucio Silla, lib. G. De Gamerra premiered in Mannheim

11

  • Tommaso Traetta’s opera Antigona premiered in St Petersburg. Lib. Marco Coltellini

16

  • Joseph Haydn’s 24 Dances premiered in Bratislava

17

  • Marc-Antoine Madeleine Désaugiers born (Fréjus, France) French composer, dramatist, songwriter. Died 1827

18

  • Louis Ferdinand Prince von Preußen born (Berlin) German composer, pianist, soldier. Nephew of Frederick the Great. Died 1806

21

  • Thomas Arne’s opera Elfrida premiered in London. Lib. George Colman

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s String quartet K155 completed

Dec 1772

2

  • Thomas Arne’s opera The Rose premiered in London, lib. composer

6

  • Joseph Haydn’s Missa Sancti Nicolai for 4 solo voices, choir and orchestra premiered in Eisenstadt

20

  • James Shudi Broadwood born (London) English piano maker, piano tuner, writer. Son of John Broadwood (1732-1812). Died 1851

25

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s String quartet in G major K156 completed

26

  • Thomas Arne’s pantomime Harlequin Foundling aka The Pigmy Revels premiered in London. Lib. J. Messink
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s opera Lucio Silla K135 premiered in Milan, lib. G. De Gamerra
  • Niccolò Piccinni’s opera Scipione in Cartagena premiered in Modena, lib. A. Giusti

1772 (date unknown)

  • Franz Cramer born (London) Anglo-German violinist, conductor. Master of the King’s/Queen’s Musick 1837-48. Brother of Johann Baptist Cramer (1771-1858). Died 1848
  • Francesco Barsanti (c. 82) dies in London
  • Leopold Hofmann appointed Kappelmeister at St. Stephen’s Cathedral, Vienna

publications

  • Johann Christian Bach’s Six Quartettos op.8 published in London
  • Luigi Boccherini’s 6 quartetti op.10 (string quartets) & 6 tercetti op.14 (string trios) published in Paris & 6 Sonatas (cello sonatas) published in London
  • Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf’s 3 simphonies à 4 op.6 published in Paris (approx date)
  • François Joseph Gossec’s Six Quatuors à deux violons, alto et basse op.15 published in Paris
  • Joseph Haydn’s 6 Divertimentos (String Quartets nos 11 to 16) & 6 Divertimentos (String Quartets nos 17 to 22) published
  • Andrea Luchesi’s 6 Sonatas for harpsichord and violin Op.1 published in Bonn
  • Carl Stamitz’s op.9 – 6 symphonies published in Paris
  • Johann Baptist Vanhal’s 6 string quartets op.9 published in Paris

Andrea Luchesi 1741-1801

Jan 1773

1

  • John Newton’s hymn Amazing Grace first sung in Olney

4

  • Johann Peter Heuschkel born (Harras, Germany) German composer, oboist, teacher, organist. Died 1853

9

  • Pasquale Anfossi’s opera La Giannetta [Jeannette], lib. Giuseppe Petrosellini, premiered in Rome
  • Niccolò Piccinni’s opera La sposa collerica [the angry bride], lib. anon, premiered in Rome

11

  • François-André Danican Philidor’s opera Le bon fils [the good son] premiered in Paris, lib. F.A. Devaux

17

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s motet Exsultate, jubilate K165 for soprano and orchestra premiered in Milan

18

  • Francesco Uttini’s opera Thetis och Pelée, lib. Johan Wellander,  premiered in Stockholm at the inaugural concert of the Royal Swedish Opera

19

  • Antonio Sacchini’s opera Il Cid premiered in London, lib. G. Bottarelli

22

  • Johann André’s opera Der Töpfer [the potter], lib. composer, premiered in Hanau

25

  • Josef Mysliveček’s opera Il Demetrio premiered in Pavia. Lib. Pietro Metastasio

30

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Sismano nel Mogol [Sismano in Mogul] premiered in Milan, lib. G. De Gamerra

unk

  • Domenico Cimarosa’s opera La finta parigina [The fake Paris], lib. Francesco Cerlone, premiered in Naples

Feb 1773

6

  • Thomas Arne’s opera The Golden Pippin premiered in London, lib. K. O’Hara

13

  • Florian Gassmann’s opera La casa di campagna [The country house], lib. Giovanni Antonio Gastone Boccherini, premiered in Vienna

unk

  • Edward Bunting born (Armagh) Irish song collector, organist, festival organiser, wrote A General Collection of Ancient Irish Music, published in three volumes (1796, 1809, 1840). Died 1843

Mar 1773

4

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Le magnifique [the magnificent], lib. Michel-Jean Sedaine, premiered in Paris

7

  • Tommaso Marchesi born (Lisbon) Italian composer, founder of the Accademia dei Filarmonica, Bologna (1808). Died 1852

13

  • Wolfgang and Leopold Mozart return from their third and final tour of Italy
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart employed as a court musician to Hieronymus Colloredo in Salzburg

15

  • François René Gebauer born (Versailles) French composer, bassoonist, teacher. Died 1845

24

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Divertimento K166 for wind ensemble completed

25

  • Violinist Ivan Mane Jarnović makes his concert debut in Paris at a Concert Spirituel

30

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.26 in E flat major K184 completed

Apr 1773

5

  • Johann Adam Hiller’s opera Der Jubelhochzeit [the wedding celebration] premiered in Berlin, lib. C.F. Weisse

10

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.27 K199 completed

11

  • Carlo Grua (c. 72) dies in Mannheim

18

  • Giuseppina Grassini born (Varese, Italy) Italian contralto singer, teacher. Died 1850

19

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.22 K162 completed

May 1773

1

  • Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf’s opera l tutore e la pupilla [the tutor and the pupil] premiered in Johannisberg, Austria, lib. E. Goldoni

6

  • Antonio Sacchini’s opera Tamerlano premiered in London, lib. G. Bottarelli

8

  • Pierre Vachon’s opera Sara, La fermière écossaise [Sara, The Scottish farmer], lib. Jean-Baptiste Colet, premiered in Paris

17

  • Johann Christian Bach’s cantata La tempesta [the tempest] premiered in London, lib. P. Metastasio

19

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.23 in D major K181 completed

24

  • Jan Zach (73) dies in Ellwangen, Germany

26

  • Hans Georg Nägeli born (Wetzikon, Switzerland) Swiss composer, publisher. Died 1836

28

  • Anton Schweitzer’s opera Alceste, lib. Christoph Martin Wieland, premiered in Weimar

Jun 1773

5

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Missa in honorem SSmae Trinitatis K167 premiered in Salzburg

6

  • João de Sousa Carvalho’s opera L’Eumene [The Eumenes], lib. Apostolo Zeno, premiered in Lisbon

8

  • Antonio Salieri’s opera La locandiera [the Innkeeper] premiered in Vienna, lib. D. Poggi

10

  • Charles-Simon Catel born (Laigle, France) French composer, theorist. Died 1830

13

  • Johann Gottlieb Naumann’s opera Armida premiered in Padova. Lib. xx
Antonio Salieri (1750-1825)

Antonio Salieri (1750-1825)

Jul 1773

5

  • Samuel Arnold’s oratorio The Prodigal Son premiered in Oxford

6

  • Wenzel Thomas Matiegka born (Choceň, Czech Rep) Czech composer, guitarist, pianist, teacher. Died 1830

12

  • Johann Joachim Quantz (76) dies in Potsdam

26

  • Joseph Haydn’s opera L’infedeltà delusa aka Liebe macht erfinderisch aka Untreue lohnt sich nicht aka Deceit outwitted premiered in Eisenstadt, lib. M. Coltellini

Aug 1773

1

  • Thomas Arne’s opera The Trip to Portsmouth premiered in London, lib. G.A. Stevens

7

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Concerto for violin and orchestra in F major K167d premiered in Vienna

10

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Serenade K185 for violin and orchestra completed

13

  • Josef Mysliveček’s opera Romolo ed Ersilia premiered in Naples. Lib. Pietro Metastasio

19

  • Burkat Shudi (71) dies in London

25

  • Franz Nikolaus Novotny (29) dies in Eisenstadt

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s 4 String quartets K168-171 & March K189 completed

Sep 1773

2

  • Joseph Haydn’s puppet opera Philemon und Baucis premiered in Eisenstadt, lib. G.K. Pfeffel

3

  • Anton Schweitzer’s opera Die Wahl des Herkules [the choice of Hercules], lib. Christoph Martin Wieland, premiered in Weimar

19

  • Florian Johann Deller (44) dies in Munich

29

  • Tommaso Traetta’s opera Amore e Psiche [Cupid and Psyche], lib. Marco Coltellini, premiered in St Petersburg

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s 2 String quartets K172-173 completed

Oct 1773

3

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.24 in B flat major K182 completed

5

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.25 in G minor K183 completed

8

  • Sophie Bawr aka Alexandrine-Sophie Goury de Champgrand born (Paris) French composer, songwriter, writer, playwright. Died 1860

22

  • Luigi Cherubini’s opera Amore artigiano [Love artisan], lib. anon, premiered in Fiesole

23

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera La rosière de Salency [The Salency rosary] premiered in Fontainebleau, lib. A.F.J. Masson de Pezay

30

  • François-André Danican Philidor’s opera Zémire et Mélide premiered in Fontainebleau, lib. Mélide

publications

  • Johann Christian Bach’s Symphonie concertante in E published in London

Nov 1773

4

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Le magnifique premiered in Paris, lib. M.-J. Sedaine

7

  • CPE Bach’s cantata Freuet euch, ihr Kinder Zions [Rejoice, ye children of Zion] premiered in Hamburg

16

  • Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny’s opera La Belle Arsène [], lib. Charles-Simon Favart, premiered in Fontainebleu

17

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.28 in C major K200 completed

Dec 1773

1

  • Michael Haydn’s Nocturne in G major for orchestra premiered in Salzburg

4

  • François Joseph Gossec’s opera Sabinus premiered in Versailles, lib. M.-P.-G. de Chabanon

14

  • Johann Lorenz Bach (78) dies in Lahm im Itzgrund, Germany

16

  • Thomas Arne’s opera Achilles in Petticoats premiered in London, lib. George Colman the elder

19

  • Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf’s oratorio La liberatrice del popolo giudaico nella Persia [The liberation of the Jewish people in Persia] premiered in Vienna

24

  • Joseph Wölfl born (Salzburg) Austrian composer, pianist. Died 1812

26

  • Josef Mysliveček’s opera La clemenza di Tito [the clemency of Titus], lib. Pietro Metastasio, premiered in Venice
  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Alessandro nell’Indie [Alexander in India] premiered in Modena, lib. Pietro Metastasio

30

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s ballet Céphale et Procris [Cephalus and Procris] premiered in Versailles, lib. J.F. Marmontel

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s String quintet K174; Piano Concerto no.5 K175 & Minuets (16) K176 completed

1773 (date unknown)

publications

  • Johann Albrechtsberger’s Concerto for Harp in C major published in Vienna
  • Johann Christian Bach’s Six Sonatas op.10 (for keyboard and violin) published in London & Trois simphonies op.9 published in Den Haag
  • Luigi Boccherini’s 6 quartetti op.11 (string quartets) published in Paris
  • Charles Burney’s The Present State of Music in Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Provinces published in London
  • Christian Cannabich’s 6 trios op.3 (for 2 violins and cello) & 6 duos op.4 (for flute & violin) published in Mannheim
  • François Francoeur’s Symphonies pour le festin royal du comte d’Artois published in Paris
  • Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf’s 4 simphonies op.9 published in Paris (approx date)
  • Johann Friedrich Reichardt’s song collection Vermischte Musicalien published in Riga
  • Carl Stamitz’s op.8 – 6 quartets for clarinet, violin, viola and bass & op.10 – 6 duos for violin and viola published in Paris
  • Johann Baptist Vanhal’s string trios op.11; string trios op.12; 6 string quartets op.13 & 6 string quartets op.21 published in Paris

Johann Christian Bach’s – Six Sonatas op.10 (Hungaroton}

Jan 1774

12

  • Niccolò Piccinni’s opera Alessandro nelle Indie [Alexander in India] premiered in Naples, lib. P. Metastasio (2nd version)

20

  • Florian Leopold Gaßmann (44) dies in Vienna of injuries sustained in a carriage accident

29

  • Antonio Sacchini’s opera Perseo premiered in London, lib. G. Bottarelli

30

  • František Tůma (69) dies in Vienna

31

  • Agostino Accorimboni’s opera Le finte zingarelle [The false gypsies], lib. Giovanni Battista Lorenzi, premiered in Rome

Feb 1774

1

  • Giuseppe Bonno succeeds Florian Leopold Gassmann as Kapellmeister at the Kaiserliche Hofkapelle in Vienna
  • Johann Gottlieb Naumann’s opera Ipermestra premiered in Venice. Lib. Pietro Metastasio

7

  • Antonio Salieri succeeds Florian Leopold Gassmann as  Kammerkomponist for Emperor Joseph II in Vienna

16

  • Pierre Rode born (Bordeaux) French composer, violinist. Died 1830
  • Giuseppe Sarti’s opera Aglae premiered in Copenhagen, lib. C. Fasting and A.G. Carstens

Mar 1774

5

  • Christopher Ernst Friedrich Weyse born (Altona, Germany) German composer. Died 1842

28

  • Johann André sets up a publishing company in Offenbach. Musikhaus André is still a going concern.

Apr 1774

6

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.29 in A major K201 completed

15

  • Johann Christian Bach’s cantata Amor vincitore [love winner] premiered in London

17

  • Václav Tomášek born (Skuteč, Czech Rep) Czech composer, teacher. Died 1850
  • Michael Haydn’s Symphony No.19 in D major premiered in Salzburg

19

  • Christoph Willibald Gluck’s opera Iphigénie en Aulide premiered in Paris, lib. M.F.L. Gand Leblanc du Roullet
  • Antonio Sacchini’s opera Nitteti premiered in London, lib. G. Bottarelli

29

  • Anna Gottlieb born (Vienna) Austrian soprano singer, actress. Died 1860

May 1774

5

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.30 in D major K202 completed

18

  • Gaetano Rossi born (Verona) Italian librettist. Collaborator with Rossini, Donizetti, Meyerbeer and others. Died 1855

25

  • Pasquale Anfossi’s opera Il geloso in cimento [The jealous husband’s ordeal], lib. Giovanni Bertati,  premiered in Vienna

26

  • Andrea Lucchesi appointed Kapellmeister to the court in Bonn

31

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Violin Concertone in C major K190 completed

Jun 1774

4

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Bassoon Concerto in B flat major K191 completed

24

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Missa brevis for 4 solo voices, chorus and orchestra K192 completed

Aug 1774

2

  • Christoph Willibald Gluck’s opera Orphée et Eurydice premiered in Paris, lib. P.L. Moline

8

  • Charles Dibdin’s opera The Waterman premiered in London. Lib. Dibdin and Charles Bannister
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Missa brevis “Statzenmesse” in C Major K194 completed

13

  • Josef Mysliveček’s opera Artaserse premiered in Naples. Lib. Pietro Metastasio

25

  • Niccolò Jommelli (59) dies in Naples

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Serenade K203 & March K237 completed

Sep 1774

16

  • Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi’s opera Tamas Kouli-Kan nell’Indie [Tamas Kouli-Kan in India] premiered in Florence, lib. V. A. Cigna-Santi

18

  • Michael Haydn’s Divertimento in B flat major for orchestra premiered in Salzburg

27

  • Luigi Cherubini’s cantata La pubblica felicita [The public happiness] premiered in Florence

Oct 1774

7

  • Ferdinando Orlandi born (Parma) Italian opera composer, singing teacher. Maestro di cappella of Parma Cathedral from 1834. Died 1848

11

  • Antonio Salieri’s opera La calamita de’ cuori [The magnet of hearts] premiered in Vienna, lib. C. Goldoni

18

  • Christoph Willibald Gluck appointed head composer at the Kaiserliche Hofkapelle inVienna

24

  • Franz Ignaz Beck appointed organist at the Church of Saint-Seurin in Bordeaux

Nov 1774

14

  • Gaspare Spontini born (Ancona) Italian composer of 22 operas, conductor. Died 1851

17

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.28 K200 completed

18

  • William Horsley born (London) English composer, organist. Died 1858

28

  • Tommaso Traetta’s opera Lucio Vero premiered in St Petersburg. Lib. Marco Coltellini

unk

  • Joseph Haydn’s Symphony No. 60 completed
Mozart - The Symphonies (Decca)

Mozart – The Symphonies (Decca)

Dec 1774

2

  • Johann Friedrich Agricola (54) dies in Berlin

4

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Il divertimento dei numi [The fun of the gods], lib. Giovanni Battista Lorenzi, premiered in Naples

1774 (date unknown)

  • Christian Cannabich appointed director of instrumental music at Mannheim, a post he holds until his death in 1798
  • Muzio Clementi leaves Dorset for London

publications

  • Carl Friedrich Abel’s 6 Flute Quartets op.12 published in London
  • CPE Bach’s Psalmen mit Melodien (42 psalms) published in Leipzig
  • Johann Christian Bach’s Six Quintettos op.11 published in London
  • Luigi Boccherini’s 6 quintetti op.12 (string quintets) published in Paris
  • Joseph Haydn’s 6 Divertimentos (String Quartets nos 23 to 28 ‘Sun Quartets’) published
  • Philip Hayes’s Six Sonatas for Harpsichord or Pianoforte with an accompaniment for Violin published in London
  • Johann Friedrich Reichardt’s 6 concerts … à l’usage de beau sexe op.1 for keyboard published in Amsterdam
  • Carl Stamitz’s op.12 – 6 quatuors concertantes for string quartet published in Paris
  • Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel’s op.1 – 3 piano trios & op.2 – 3 piano trios published in Frankfurt
  • Johann Baptist Vanhal’s set of three symphonies op.16; set of two symphonies op.17; set of four symphonies op.18; string trios op.19 & string trios op.20 published in Paris
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