1775-79

<1770-17741780-1784>

Jan 1775

13

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s opera La finta giardiniera [The fake gardener] K196 premiered in Munich, lib. G. Petrosellini

15

  • Giovanni Battista Sammartini (c.74) dies in Milan
  • Carlo Monza succeeds Giovanni Battista Sammartini as maestro di cappella at the ducal Court of Milan

18

  • François Joseph Gossec’s and François-André Danican Philidor’s opera Berthe premiered in Brussels, lib. R.T.R. de Pleinchesne

21

  • Manuel del Pópulo Vicente García born (Seville) Spanish composer, tenor singer, teacher, impresario. Father of Maria Malibran (1808-36}, Pauline Viardot (1821-1910) and Manuel García (1805-1906). Died 1832

22

  • Johann André’s opera Der Töpfer [the potter], lib. André, premiered in Hanau

27

  • Georg Benda’s opera Ariadne auf Naxos premiered in Gotha. Lib. Johann Christian Brandes
  • Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf’s opera Il tribunale di Giove [The court of Jupiter] premiered in Berlin, lib. A. Landi
Georg Benda (1722-1795)

Georg Benda (1722-1795)

Feb 1775

1

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera La fausse magie [false magic] premiered in Paris, lib. J.F. Marmontel
  • The Hanover Square Rooms in London open with a concert by Johann Christian Bach and Carl Friedrich Abel

5

  • Thomas Clarke born (Canterbury) English hymn composer, shoemaker. Died 1859

7

  • Antonio Sacchini’s opera Motezuma premiered in London, lib. G. Bottarelli

10

  • Georg Benda’s opera Der Jahrmarkt [The Fair], lib. Friedrich Wilhelm Gotter, premiered in Gotha

15

  • Michael Arne’s opera The Maid of the Vale premiered in Dublin. Lib. Thomas Holcroft

27

  • Christoph Willibald Gluck’s opera L’arbre enchanté [the enchanted tree] premiered in Versailles, lib. P.L. Moline

Mar 1775

3

  • Johann Christian Bach’s Symphonie Concertante in C premiered in London

5

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s motet K.222 Misericordias Domains in D minor for 4 voices, chorus, organ and orchestra premiered in Monte Carlo

20

  • François-André Danican Philidor’s opera Les femmes vengées [Women avenged] premiered in Paris, lib. M.-J. Sedaine

22

  • Giuseppe Sarti’s opera Kierlighedsbrevene [Love letters] premiered in Copenhagen, lib. C.D. Biehl

24

  • Muthuswami Dikshitar born (Tiruvarur, India) Indian composer of Carnatic music, poet. Died 1835

Apr 1775

2

  • Joseph Haydn’s oratorio Il ritorno di Tobia [The Return of Tobias] premiered in Vienna

3

  • Muzio Clementi makes his first concert appearance in London playing harpsichord

14

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Violin Concerto K207 completed

23

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s serenata Il re pastore [the shepherd king] K208 premiered in Salzburg, lib. P. Metastasio

May 1775

1

  • Georg Benda’s opera Medea premiered in Leipzig. Lib. Friedrich Wilhelm Gotter
  • Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf’s opera Il maniscalco [the blacksmith] premiered in Johannisberg, Austria, lib. A.F. Quétant

3

  • Charles Dibdin’s opera The Quaker premiered in London. Lib. Dibdin

7

  • Cornelius Heinrich Dretzel (77) dies in Nuremberg

9

  • Vittoria Tesi (75) dies in Vienna

20

  • Giuseppe Sarti dismissed from his post at the Danish court. He returns to Italy

Jun 1775

4

  • Francesco Molino born (Turin) Italian composer, guitarist. Died 1847

5

  • Josef Mysliveček’s opera Ezio premiered in Naples. Lib. Pietro Metastasio

11

  • Egidio Duni (67) dies in Paris

14

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Violin Concerto no.2 K211 completed

Jul 1775

5

  • William Crotch born (Norwich) English composer, organist, artist. Died 1847

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Divertimento K213 for wind ensemble completed

Aug 1775

1

  • Christoph Willibald Gluck’s opera-ballet Cythère assiégée [Cythera besieged] premiered in Paris, lib. C.-S. Favart

2

  • José Ángel Lamas born (Caracas) Venezuelan composer, bassoonist. Died 1814

5

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Serenade in D major for orchestra K204; March K215 in D major for orchestra & Petit Concerto in A major for violin and orchestra  K204b completed

9

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Serenade in D Major K204 for orchestra & March K215 in D major for orchestra premiered in Salzburg

20

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s March K214 in C major for orchestra & Divertimento K102 in C major for orchestra completed

23

  • Luigi Cherubini’s Mass in C for 4 voices and orchestra premiered in Florence

28

  • Sophie Gail born (Paris) French soprano singer, composer. Died 1819

29

  • Joseph Haydn’s opera L’incontro improvviso aka Die unverhoffte Zusammenkunft aka Unverhofftes Begegnen [The sudden encounter] premiered in Eszterháza, lib. C. Friberth

31

  • François de Fossa born (Perpignan, France) French composer, guitarist. Died 1849

Sep 1775

9

  • Antonio Salieri’s opera La finta scema [The fake fool] premiered in Vienna, lib. G. De Gamerra

12

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Violin Concerto no.3 in G major K216 completed

26

  • François Joseph Gossec’s operas Alexis et Daphné & Philémon et Baucis premiered in Paris, lib. M.-P.-G. de Chabanon

Oct 1775

6

  • Johann Anton André born (Offenbach am Main, Germany) German composer, publisher. Son of Johann André (1741-99). Died 1842

10

  • Antonio Salieri marries Maria Theresia Helferstorfer in Vienna

15

  • Bernhard Henrik Crusell born (Uusikaupunki, Finland) Swedish-Finnish composer, clarinetist, translator. Died 1838

21

  • Giuseppe Baini born (Rome) Italian composer, priest, critic. Died 1844

28

  • Thomas Arne’s musical May-Day premiered in London with Harriett Abrams making her operatic debut. Lib. David Garrick

30

  • Catterino Cavos born (Venice) Italian composer, organist, conductor. Died 1840

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Violin Concerto no.4 K218 completed

Nov 1775

3

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Il gran Cid premiered in Florence. Lib. Giuseppe Giovacchino Pizzi and Giovan Gualberto Bottarelli

5

  • Johann Christian Bach’s opera Lucio Silla premiered in Mannheim. Lib. Giovanni de Gamerra

7

  • François Rébel (74) dies in Paris

25

  • Joseph Borremans born (Brussels) Belgian composer, organist, conductor. Died 1858

Dec 1775

6

  • Nicolas Isouard born (Mosta, Malta) Maltese composer. Died 1818

9

  • Pietro Gnocchi (86) dies in Brescia

16

  • François-Adrien Boieldieu born (Rouen) French opera composer. Died 1834

20

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Violin Concerto no.5 in A major K219 completed

26

  • Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi’s opera Vologeso premiered in Milan, lib. A. Zeno

27

  • Giovanni Battista Viotti joins the orchestra of the royal chapel at Turin

28

  • João Domingos Bomtempo born (Portugal) Portuguese composer, pianist, teacher. Died 1842

unk

  • Johann Friedrich Reichardt appointed Kapellmeister at the royal Berlin opera

1775 (date unknown)

  • Joseph Antonio Emidy born (West Africa) Afro-English composer, violinist. Died 1835
  • Georg Joseph Vogler founds a music school in Mannheim

publications

  • Johann Christian Bach’s Six simphonies périodiques op.8 published in Amsterdam
  • Luigi Boccherini’s 6 quintetti op.13 (string quintets) & 6 quintetti op.17 (string quintets) published in Paris
  • Jean-Baptiste Bréval’s 6 quatuors concertants op.1 published in Paris
  • Christian Cannabich’s 6 simphonies op.10 published in Mannheim
  • Josef Mysliveček’s Six Sonatas for the Piano Forte or Harpsichord with an Accompaniment for a Violin published in London
  • Johann Friedrich Reichardt’s song collection Gesänge fürs schöne Geschlecht published in Berlin
  • Carl Stamitz’s op.11 – 4 quintetti concertanti published in Paris
  • John Stanley’s Six Concertos for Organ or Harpsichord op.10 published in London
  • Johann Baptist Vanhal’s wind trios op.18 published in Paris

Georg Joseph Vogler 1749-1814

Jan 1776

2

  • Pasquale Anfossi’s opera La vera costanza [The true constant], lib. Francesco Puttini, premiered in Rome

3

  • Ferdinando Bertoni’s opera Orfeo ed Euridice premiered in Venice. Lib. Ranieri de’ Calzabigi
  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Le due contesse [the two countesses] premiered in Rome, lib. G. Petrosellini

11

  • Francesco Uttini’s opera Aline, drottning uti Golconda [Aline, Queen of Golconda], lib. Michel-Jean Sedaine, premiered in Stockholm

21

  • Tommaso Traetta’s opera Germondo premiered in London. Lib. Carlo Goldoni

24

  • E. T. A. (Ernst Theodor Wilhelm) Hoffmann born (Kaliningrad) German writer, composer, caricaturist, critic. Died 1822

25

  • Tommaso Traetta’s opera La Merope, lib. Felice Stagnoli and Alessandro Minunzio, premiered in Milan

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Piano Concerto no.6 K238; Serenata notturna K239 & Divertimento K240 for wind ensemble completed

publications

  • First volume (of four) of Charles Burney’s History of Music published in London

Feb 1776

18

  • John Parry aka Bardd Alaw born (Denbigh, Wales) Welsh harpist, conductor, composer, clarinetist, flageolet player. Father of John Orlando Parry (1810-79). Died 1851

22

  • Thomas Arne’s operetta Phoebe at Court premiered in London, lib. composer

23

  • Georg Benda’s opera Walder premiered in Gotha. Lib. Friedrich Wilhelm Gotter

25

  • The Teatro Regio Ducal in Milan is destroyed by fire. Two new theatres are built on the site – La Scala and the Teatro Lirico

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Piano Concerto no.7 K242 ‘Lodron’ completed

Mar 1776

5

  • Christian Gottlob Neefe’s opera Zemire und Azor premiered in Leipzig. Lib. Moritz August von Thümmel

7

  • The Bolshoi Theatre company founded in Moscow

10

  • Josef Mysliveček’s oratorio Isacco figura del redentore [Isaac figure of the Redeemer], lib. Pietro Metastasio, premiered in Florence

16

  • Johann Gottlieb Naumann’s opera L’ipocandriaco [The hypochondriac], lib. Giovanni Bertati, premiered in Dresden

20

  • James Hook’s oratorio The Ascension premiered in London

26

  • Michael Haydn’s Litaniae de venerabili Sacramento for 4 voices, chorus and orchestra premiered in Salzburg

31

  • Joseph Küffner born (Würzburg) German violinist, composer, military bandmaster. Died 1856
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Litaniae de venerabili altaris sacramento [Litany of the venerable Sacrament] for 4 voices, chorus and orchestra premiered in Augsberg

Apr 1776

7

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Missa longa in C major K262 for 4 voices, chorus and orchestra premiered in Salzburg

22

  • Johann Adolf Scheibe (67) dies in Copenhagen

23

  • Christoph Willibald Gluck’s opera Alceste premiered in Paris, lib. M.F.L. Gand Leblanc du Roullet

26

  • Johann Christian Bach’s cantata Cefalo e Procri premiered in London, lib. G.G. Bottarelli

27

  • Hyacinthe Jadin born (Versailles) French composer. Brother of Louis-Emmanuel Jadin (1768-1853). Died 1800

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Piano Concerto no.8 K246 ‘Lützow’ completed

May 1776

1

  • Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf’s opera La moda premiered in Johannisberg, Austria, lib. P. Cipretti

6

  • Johann Christian Bach’s Symphonie Concertante in G premiered in London

10

  • George Thomas Smart born (London) English organist, violinist, conductor, composer. Died 1867

Jun 1776

6

  • James Kent (76) dies in Winchester

10

  • Leopold Widhalm (53) dies in Nuremberg

12

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Les mariages samnites [Samnite Marriages] premiered in Paris, lib. B.F. de Rosoi

13

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Divertimento K247 in F Major for orchestra completed

18

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Divertimento K247 in F Major for orchestra premiered in Salzburg

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s March K248 & Serenade K250 completed
  • Jean-Georges Noverre appointed ballet master at the Paris Opera

Jul 1776

20

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s March K249 for orchestra completed

21

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Serenade for Orchestra K250 “Haffner Serenade” & March K249 for orchestra premiered in Salzburg

29

  • Giovanni Paisiello leaves Naples for Russia after being appointed maestro di cappella at the St Petersburg court of Catherine II
  • Antonio Salieri’s opera Daliso e Delmita premiered in Vienna, lib. G. De Gamerra

30

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Divertimento K251 for orchestra completed

Aug 1776

3

  • Luigi Cherubini’s Mass for chorus and orchestra premiered in Florence

12

  • Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi’s opera La Semiramide riconosciuta [Semiramide recognised] premiered in Naples, lib. P. Metastasio

16

  • Philipp Jakob Riotte born (St Wendel, Austria) Austrian composer, organist, pianist, teacher. Died 1856

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Divertimento K253 for wind ensemble completed

Sep 1776

4

  • Michael Haydn’s Missa S. Amandi for 4 voices, chorus and orchestra premiered in Salzburg

25

  • Georg Benda’s opera Romeo und Julie premiered in Gotha. Lib. Friedrich Wilhelm Gotter after Shakespeare

Oct 1776

12

  • The Teatro Coliseo in Havana is inaugurated with a performance of Niccolò Piccinni’  opera Didone abbandonata [Dido abandoned]

21

  • František Xaver Dušek marries Josepha Hambacher in Prague

Nov 1776

20

  • Ignaz Schuppanzigh born (Vienna) Austrian violinist, leader of the Razumovsky string quartet, the first professional group of its kind. Died 1830

25

  • Thomas Arne’s opera The Seraglio premiered in London, lib. C. Dibdin and E. Thompson

26

  • Dmitry Bortniansky’s opera Creonte premiered in Venice.

unk

  • Giuseppe Sarti’s opera Le gelosie villane [Peasant Jealousies], lib. Tommaso Grandi, premiered in Venice

Dec 1776

6

  • Thomas Arne’s opera Caractacus premiered in London. Lib. William Mason

26

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Il finto spettro [The bogus ghost], lib. Giovanni Battista Verazi, premiered in Mannheim

1776 (date unknown)

publications

  • Luigi Boccherini’s 6 concerti a grande orchestra op.16; 6 quintetti op.20 (string quintets); 6 sinfonie a più stromenti op.22 & 6 quartetti op.26 (string quartets) published in Paris
  • François Joseph Gossec’s Symphonie de chasse and Symphonie en ré published in Paris
  • John Hawkins’s A General History of the Science and Practice of Music published in London
  • Carl Stamitz’s op.15 – 3 symphonies & 6 trio sonatas for harpsichord, violin and bass published in Paris
  • Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel’s op.3 – 3 piano trios; op.4 – 3 sonatas for keyboard and violin & op.5 – 3 piano trios published in Frankfurt
  • Johann Baptist Vanhal’s Symphony op.23 published in Paris
Title page of volume one of Charles Burney's General History of Music (2nd edition)

Title page of volume one of Charles Burney’s General History of Music (2nd edition)

Jan 1777

1

  • Micah Hawkins born (New York, NY) American composer, playwright, poet, innkeeper. Died 1825

4

  • Domenico Fischietti’s opera Arianna e Teseo premiered in Naples. Lib. Pietro Pariati

5

  • Ignaz Holzbauer’s opera Günther von Schwarzburg premiered in Mannheim, lib. A. Klein

12

  • Stepan Davydov born (Chernigov, Ukraine) Russian composer, singer, Kappelmeister, teacher. Died 1825

17

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s motet Exsultate, jubilate premiered in Milan

21

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Germondo premiered in London. Lib. Carlo Goldoni

25

  • Karoline Jagemann born (Weimar) German soprano singer, actress. Died 1848

28

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Nitteti premiered in St Petersburg, lib. P. Metastasio

29

  • Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi’s opera Artaserse premiered in Rome, lib. P. Metastasio

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Divertimento K270 for wind ensemble; Piano Concerto no.9 K271 ‘Jeunehomme’ & Notturno K286 completed

Feb 1777

22

  • William Ayrton born (London) English impresario, critic, editor, publisher. Died 1858

Mar 1777

1

  • Georg Christoph Wagenseil (62) dies in Vienna

10

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Amour pour amour [love for love], lib. Pierre de Laujon, premiered in Versailles

15

  • Tommaso Traetta’s opera Telemaco premiered in London. Lib. Zaccaria de Seriman

26

  • Bernhard Christoph Breitkopf (82) dies in Leipzig

Apr 1777

2

  • Maksym Berezovsky (31) dies in St Petersburg, possibly suicide

18

  • Ludwig Berger born (Berlin) German composer, pianist, teacher. Died 1839

May 1777

30

  • Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi’s opera Ricimero premiered in Naples, lib. F. Silvani

Jun 1777

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Divertimento K287 completed

Jul 1777

7

  • Johann Friedrich Reichardt’s opera Cephalus und Prokris premiered in Hamburg, lib. K.W. Ramler

27

  • William Hayes (69) dies in Oxford

Aug 1777

3

  • Joseph Haydn’s opera Il mondo della luna aka Die Welt auf dem Monde [the world of the moon] premiered in Eszterháza, lib. C. Goldoni

17

  • Giuseppe Scarlatti (54) dies in Vienna

28

  • Charles William Hempel born (London) English organist, composer, teacher. Died 1855

unk

  • Wolfgang and Leopold Mozart both dismissed from their positions at the Salzburg court

Sep 1777

1

  • Johann Ernst Bach (55) dies in Eisenach

8

  • Giuseppe Sarti’s opera Medonte, re di Epiro [Medon, king of Epirus] premiered in Florence, lib. G. De Gamerra

12

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Sancta Maria, mater Dei [Holy Mary, Mother of God] K273 for 4 voices, organ and orchestra premiered in Salzburg

23

  • Christoph Willibald Gluck’s opera Armide premiered in Paris, lib. P. Quinault
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart sets out on a trip through Europe seeking new employment

Nov 1777

1

  • Michael Haydn’s Missa Sancti Hieronymi [Mass of St. Jerome] for 4 voices, chorus and orchestra premiered in Salzburg

3

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Matroco premiered in Fontainebleau, lib. P. Laujon

18

  • Thomas Arne’s opera Love Finds the Way premiered in London, lib. T. Hull

unk

  • Marco Coltellini (58) dies in St Petersburg, possibly after having been poisoned

Dec 1777

16

  • Niccolò Piccinni’s opera Vittorina premiered in London, lib. C. Goldoni

17

  • David Perez’s opera La pace fra la Virtù e la Bellezza [Peace between Virtue and Beauty], lib. Pietro Metastasio, premiered in Lisbon

21

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Missa brevis K275 for 4 voices, chorus and orchestra premiered in Salzburg

22

  • Anton Cajetan Adlgasser (48) dies in Salzburg following a stroke
  • Michael Haydn appointed organist at the Dreifaltigkeitskirche, Salzburg

25

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Quartet for flute and strings K285 completed

27

  • Giuseppe Sarti’s opera Il militare bizzarro [bizarre military] premiered in Venice, lib. T. Grandi

1777 (date unknown)

  • Ernst Eichner (c. 37) dies in Potsdam
  • Sébastien Érard sets up a piano manufacturing business in Paris

publications

  • Carl Friedrich Abel’s 6 Sonatas for Keyboard and Violin op.13 published in London
  • Johann Christian Bach’s A Third Sett of Six Concertos op.13 published in London
  • Luigi Boccherini’s 6 quintetti op.23 (string quintets) published in Paris
  • Jean-Baptiste Bréval’s 6 trios concertants op.3 published in Paris
  • Johann Nikolaus Forkel’s Über die Theorie der Musik published in Göttingen
  • Josef Mysliveček’s Six Easy Divertimentos for the Harpsichord or Piano-Forte published in London
  • Johann Friedrich Reichardt’s 6 harpsichord sonatas op.2 with violin accompaniment published in Amsterdam
  • Carl Stamitz’s op.7 – 6 string trios published in Paris & op.13 – 6 symphonies published in London
  • Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel’s op.6 – 3 piano trios & op.7 – 3 piano trios published in Frankfurt
  • Johann Baptist Vanhal’s string trios op.22 published in Paris
  • Georg Joseph Vogler’s 6 trios op.1 (for piano, violin and cello) published in Mannheim

Sébastien Érard 1752-1831

Jan 1778

1

  • Johann Gottlieb Naumann’s opera Amphion premiered in Stockholm. Lib. Gudmund Jöran

2

  • Georg Benda’s opera Der Holzbauer [the woodcutters], lib. Friedrich Wilhelm Gotter , premiered in Gotha

7

  • Agostino Accorimboni’s opera L’amor artigiano [the love craftsman], lib. Carlo Goldoni, premiered in Rome

10

  • Vicente Martín y Soler’s ballet La sposa persiana [the Persian bride] premiered in Naples

27

  • Niccolò Piccinni’s opera Roland premiered in Paris, lib. J.F. Marmontel

Feb 1778

6

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Achille in Sciro premiered in St Petersburg, lib. P. Metastasio

7

  • Antonio Sacchini’s opera Erifile premiered in London, lib. G. De Gamerra

14

  • Fernando Sor born (Barcelona) Catalan composer, guitarist. Died 1839

15

  • Johann Gottlieb Görner (80) dies in Leipzig

Mar 1778

5

  • Thomas Arne (67) dies in London

11

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Sonata for violin and keyboard K296 completed

20

  • Georg Benda leaves his position as Kapellmeister at the Court of Gotha

21

  • Antonio Boroni appointed maestro di cappella at the Basilica of St. Peter in Rome

26

  • Ludwig van Beethoven, aged 7, makes his first public appearance playing piano in the Kurfürstliches Hoftheater in Bonn

28

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Le jugement de Midas [the judgement of Midas] premiered in Paris, lib. T. D’Hèle

Apr 1778

1

  • Benjamin Jacob born (London) English composer, organist, conductor. Died 1829

3

  • Francesco Corselli (c. 75) dies in Madrid

4

  • Georg Andreas Sorge (75) dies in Bad Lobenstein, Germany
  • Johann Christian Bach’s opera La Clemenza di Scipione [the clemency of Scipio], lib. xx, premiered in London

6

  • Joseph Funk born (Berks Co, PA) American composer, teacher, music publisher. Died 1862

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Flute Concerto K299 completed

May 1778

4

  • Antonio Sacchini’s opera L’amore soldato [Love soldier] premiered in London, lib. A. Andrei

8

  • Johann Baptist Gänsbacher born (Sterzing, Austria) Austrian composer. Music director at St. Stephen’s Cathedral, Vienna from 1823. Died 1844

20

  • Johann Christian Bach’s cantata Rinaldo ed Armida premiered in London

26

  • François Joseph Gossec’s opera La fête de village premiered in Paris, lib. Desfontaines

30

  • Josef Mysliveček’s opera La Calliroe, lib. Mattia Verazi, premiered in Naples

Jun 1778

12

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony No. 31 K297 ‘Paris’ completed

18

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony No. 31 K297 ‘Paris’ premiered in Paris

19

  • Francesca Cuzzoni (82) dies in Bologna

Jul 1778

2

  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau (66) dies in Ermenonville, France, of uremia

3

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s mother Anna dies in Paris while on tour with her son

10

  • Sigismund Neukomm born (Salzburg) Austrian composer, pianist. Died 1858

11

  • Maciej Kamieński’s opera Nedza uszczesliwiona [Poverty makes you happy] premiered in Warsaw. The libretto by Wojciech Boguslawski is the first written in Polish

24

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Lo sposo burlato [the mocked husband] premiered in St Petersburg, lib. G.B. Casti

25

  • João de Sousa Carvalho’s opera L’Angelica premiered in Lisbon. Lib. Pietro Metastasio

Aug 1778

3

  • Antonio Salieri’s opera Europa riconosciuta [Europa recognised] premiered at the opening of La Scala, Milan. Lib. Mattia Verazi

5

  • Thomas Linley the younger (22) dies in a boating accident at Grimsthorpe Castle in Lincolnshire

11

  • Augustus Montague Toplady (37) dies in London of tuberculosis

15

  • Josef Mysliveček’s opera Armida premiered in Lucca. Lib. Giovanni Ambrogio Migliavacca and Giacomo Durazzo

Sep 1778

20

  • Quirino Gasparini (57) dies in Turin

Oct 1778

11

  • George Bridgetower born (Bielsko-Biała, Poland) Polish-African-English violin virtuoso, teacher, composer. Died 1860

23

  • Henri-Joseph Rigel’s opera Le Savetier et le financier [The Cobbler and the financier], lib. Jean-Baptiste Lourdet de Santerre, premiered in Marly, France

30

  • David Perez (c. 67) dies in Lisbon

Nov 1778

8

  • Joseph Haydn’s Baryton trios V (30 trios for baryton, viola and cello) completed

14

  • Johann Nepomuk Hummel born (Bratislava) Austrian composer, virtuoso pianist, Kappelmeister. Died 1837
  • Josef Mysliveček’s opera L’Olimpiade premiered in Naples, lib. P. Metastasio

20

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Les fausses apparences [False appearances] premiered in Versailles, lib. T. D’Hèle

24

  • Antonio Sacchini’s opera L’avaro deluso [the disappointed miser] premiered in London, lib. A. Andrei

publications

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s 6 sonatas for violin and keyboard op.1 (K301-306) published in Paris

Dec 1778

10

  • William Crotch plays his first organ concert in London, aged 3

12

  • Hermann Friedrich Raupach (49) dies in St Petersburg

26

  • Dmitry Bortniansky’s opera Quinto Fabio premiered in Modena. Lib. Apostolo Zeno
  • Giuseppe Sarti’s opera Adriano in Siria [Hadrian in Syria] premiered in Rome, lib. P. Metastasio

27

  • Antonio Salieri’s opera La scuola de’ gelosi [the school of jealousy], lib. Caterino Mazzolà, premiered in Venice

29

  • Agostino Accorimboni’s opera Le virtuose bizzarre [The virtuous bizarre] premiered in Rome

1778 (date unknown)

  • Marguerite-Antoinette Couperin (c.73) dies in Paris (approx date)
  • Johannes Ringk (c.60) dies in Berlin
  • Luigi Cherubini goes to Bologna to study under Giuseppe Sarti
  • Joseph Martin Kraus moves to Stockholm from Germany
  • Ludwig August Lebrun marries Franziska Dorothea Danzi

publications

  • Carl Friedrich Abel’s 6 Symphonies op.14 published in London
  • Luigi Boccherini’s 6 quartetti op.27 (string quartets) published in Paris
  • Jean-Baptiste Bréval’s 6 quatuors concertants op.5 published in Paris
  • Josef Mysliveček’s Sei trii per flauto, violino, e violoncello published in Florence
  • Johann Friedrich Reichardt’s 6 sonatas op.1 for 2 violins and cello published in Offenbach

Dmitry Bortniansky 1751-1825

Jan 1779

12

  • Vicente Martín y Soler’s ballet Griselda premiered in Caserta
  • Vicente Martín y Soler’s opera Ifigenia in Aulide, lib. L. Serio & Cantata a tre voci [Cantata for three voices] premiered in Naples

15

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart appointed court organist at the Salzburg court

17

  • Johann Adam Hiller’s opera Das Grab des Mufti [The Mufti’s grave] premiered in Leipzig, lib. A.G. Meissner

20

  • David Garrick (61) dies in London possibly of pneumonia

Feb 1779

5

  • François van Campenhout born (Brussels) Belgian composer, conductor, tenor singer, violinist. Died 1848

7

  • William Boyce (67) dies in London

14

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera I filosofi immaginari [imaginary philosophers] premiered in St Petersburg, lib. G. Bertati

22

  • Joachim Nicolas Eggert born (Gingst, Germany) German composer, conductor. Died 1813

23

  • Johann Caspar Aiblinger born (Wasserburg am Inn, Germany) German composer. Died 1867

unk

  • John Stanley appointed Master of the King’s Music, succeeding William Boyce

Mar 1779

1

  • Gottfried Weber born (Freinsheim, Germany) German critic, theorist, writer, composer. Died 1839

23

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s ‘Coronation’ Mass K317 premiered in Salzburg

25

  • Antonio Sacchini’s opera Enea e Lavinia [Aeneas and Lavinia] premiered in London, lib. G. Bottarelli

Apr 1779

6

  • Tommaso Traetta (52) dies in Venice

7

  • Martha Ray (37) murdered in London by James Hackman who was later hanged

11

  • Louise Reichardt born (Berlin) German songwriter, composer. Daughter of Juliane Reichardt (1752-83) and Johann Friedrich Reichardt (1752–1814). Died 1826

21

  • William Knyvett born (London) English composer, tenor singer, conductor. Died 1856

25

  • Joseph Haydn’s opera La vera costanza [The true constant] premiered in Eszterháza, Hungary, lib. F. Puttini

26

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.32 in G K318 completed

May 1779

16

  • Niccolò Piccinni’s opera Il vago disprezzato [vague contempt]. lib. Giuseppe Petrosellini, premiered in Paris

18

  • Christoph Willibald Gluck’s opera Iphigénie en Tauride premiered in Paris, lib. N.-F. Guillard

28

  • Thomas Moore born (Dublin) Irish poet, singer, songwriter. Died 1858

Jun 1779

24

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Demetrio premiered in St Petersburg, lib. P. Metastasio

Jul 1779

4

  • Georg Joseph Vogler’s opera Lampedo premiered in Darmstadt, lib. C.F. Lichtenberg

5

  • João de Sousa Carvalho’s opera Perseo [Perseus], lib. Gaetano Martinelli, premiered in Lisbon

6

  • Ignaz Holzbauer’s opera La morte di Didone [the death of Dido] premiered in Mannheim, lib. P. Metastasio

9

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Symphony no.33 K319 completed

20

  • Domenico Cimarosa’s opera L’infedeltà fedele [true infidelity] premiered in Naples, lib. G. Lorenzi

Aug 1779

1

  • Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi’s opera Il raggiratore di poca fortuna [The conniver of bad luck] premiered in Naples, lib. G. Palomba

3

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Serenade K320 ‘Posthorn serenade’ completed

4

  • Johann Friedrich Reichardt’s opera Ino premiered in Leipzig, lib. J.C. Brandes

21

  • Antonio Salieri’s opera Il talismano [the talisman], lib. Lorenzo Da Ponte, premiered in Milan

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s March K335 completed

Sep 1779

10

  • Louis Alexandre Piccinni born (Paris) French composer, pianist, conductor, teacher. Grandson of Niccolò Piccinni (1728-1800). Died 1850

20

  • Georg Benda’s opera Pygmalion premiered in Gotha. Lib. Jean-Jacques Rousseau

24

  • Christoph Willibald Gluck’s opera Echo et Narcisse premiered in Paris, lib. L.T. von Tschudi

Oct 1779

25

  • Johann Andreas Bach (86) dies in Ohrdruf, Germany

Nov 1779

1

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Il matrimonio inaspettato [The unexpected marriage] premiered in St Petersburg, lib. P. Chiari

7

  • Vasily Pashkevich’s opera Nescjastije ot karetï [Misfortune from Owning a Coach] premiered in St Petersburg. Lib. Yakov Knyazhnin

8

  • Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi’s opera La villanella ingentilita [the refined villanelle] premiered in Naples, lib. F. S. Zini

11

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Les événemens imprévus [unexpected events] premiered in Versailles, lib. T. D’Hèle

18

  • François Joseph Gossec’s ballet Mirza premiered in Paris, lib. M. Gardel
  • A fire at Eszterháza destroys the theatre and some of Joseph Haydn’s scores

25

  • Dom Bédos de Celles (70) dies in Paris
François Joseph Gossec (1734-1829)

François Joseph Gossec (1734-1829)

Dec 1779

5

  • Hermann Anton Gelinek (70) dies in Milan

6

  • Joseph Haydn’s opera L’isola disabitata aka Die wüste Insel [the uninhabited island] premiered in Eszterháza, lib. P. Metastasio

14

  • Johann Christian Bach’s opera Amadis de Gaule premiered in Paris, lib. P. Quinault

18

  • Joseph Haydn’s Symphony No. 70 premiered in Eszterháza, Hungary

19

  • Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi’s opera Narcisso [Narcissus] premiered in Naples, lib. G. Palomba

22

  • Antonio Salieri’s opera la partenza inaspettata [unexpected departure], lib. Giuseppe Petrosellini, premiered in Rome

26

  • Vasily Pashkevich’s opera Sankt Peterburgskiy Gostinyi Dvor [Saint-Petersburg’s Trade Stalls], lib. Mikhail Matinsky, premiered in St Petersburg
  • Giuseppe Sarti’s opera Siroe [Cyrus] premiered in Turin, lib. P. Metastasio

28

  • Domenico Cimarosa’s opera L’italiana in Londra [Italians in London] premiered in Rome, lib. G. Petrosellini

30

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Aucassin et Nicolette premiered in Versailles, lib. M.-J. Sedaine

1779 (date unknown)

  • Joseph Quesnel settles in Canada after his ship was captured by the British off the coast of the US
  • Giuseppe Sarti appointed maestro di cappella of Milan Cathedral

publications

  • CPE Bach’s Sechs Clavier-Sonaten für Kenner und Liebhaber I published in Leipzig
  • Johann Christian Bach’s Six Sonatas op.16 (for keyboard and violin) published in London
  • Muzio Clementi’s 6 Sonatas op.2 for harpsichord or piano & 3 Duets and 3 Sonatas op.3 for two keyboards and for keyboard with flute or violin published in London
  • Johann Friedrich Reichardt’s song collection Oden und Lieder I published in Berlin (vols 2 and 3 follow in 1780-81)
  • Johann Abraham Peter Schulz’s song collection Gesänge im Volkston published
  • Carl Stamitz’s op.19 – 6 quartets for clarinet or bassoon and strings published in Paris
  • Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel’s op.8 – 6 duos for violin and viola published in Paris
  • Johann Baptist Vanhal’s 6 string quartets op.24 published in Paris
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