1790-94

<1785-17891795-1799>

Jan 1790

13

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Pierre le Grand [Peter the Great] premiered in Paris, lib. J.N. Bouilly

14

  • Joseph Quesnel’s opera Colas et Colinette premiered in Montreal. Lib. Quesnel

18

  • Vicente Martín y Soler’s musical play Pesnolyubiye [Melomania] premiered in St Petersburg, lib. A.V. Khrapovitsky

19

  • Maciej Kamieński’s operetta Slowik [The Nightingale], lib. G. Witkowski, premiered in Warsaw

26

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s opera Così fan tutte, ossia La scuola degli amanti [Così fan tutte, namely the school for lovers] K588 premiered in Vienna, lib. L. Da Ponte

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Contredanses (1) K106 completed

publications

  • Muzio Clementi’s 3 Sonatas op.23 for piano or harpsichord published in London

Feb 1790

1

  • Franz Joseph Antony born (Münster) German composer, organist, choirmaster. Died 1837

2

  • Domenico Donzelli born (Bergamo) Italian tenor singer. Died 1873

11

  • Ignaz Assmayer born (Salzburg) Austrian composer, organist. Died 1862

14

  • Capel Bond (59) dies in Coventry

16

  • Chrétien Urhan born (Monschau, Germany) French composer, violinist, organist, viola player. Died 1845

19

  • Jean-Baptiste Krumpholz (47) drowns himself in the River Seine in Paris after his wife elopes to London

Mar 1790

15

  • Nicola Vaccai born (Tolentino, Italy) Italian composer, teacher. Died 1848

Apr 1790

14

  • Albrecht Agthe born (Ballenstedt, Germany) German music teacher. Son of Karl Christian Agthe (1762-97). Died 1873

16

  • Stephen Storace’s opera No song, no supper premiered in London. Lib. Prince Hoare

30

  • Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli’s opera Antigone premiered in Paris. Lib. Jean-François Marmontel

May 1790

6

  • Wilhelm Würfel born (Plaňany, Czech Rep) Czech composer, pianist, conductor, teacher. Died 1832

10

  • Rodolphe Kreutzer’s opera Jeanne d’Arc à Orléans premiered in Paris, lib. P.J.B. Choudard

22

  • Giuseppe Ciccimarra born (Altamura, Italy) Italian tenor singer, teacher. Died 1836

26

  • Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf’s opera Das rothe Käppchen [The red cap] premiered in Wroclaw, lib. Dittersdorf

29

  • Nicolas Dalayrac’s opera La Soirée orageuse [The stormy evening], lib. Jean-Baptiste Radet, premiered in Paris

30

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Zenobia in Palmira premiered in Naples, lib. G. Sertor

31

  • Muzio Clementi plays his final solo piano concert in London

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s String quartet K589 ‘Prussian’ completed
Giovanni Paisiello 1740-1816

Giovanni Paisiello 1740-1816

Jun 1790

3

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s Cantata per la sollenità del SS Corpo di Cristo [Cantata for the Feast of the Most Holy Body of Christ] premiered in Naples

10

  • Joseph Daussoigne-Méhul born (Givet, France) French composer, teacher. First director of the Royal Conservatory of Liège from 1826-62. Died 1875

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s String quartet K590 ‘Prussian’ completed

publications

  • Muzio Clementi’s 6 Piano Sonatas op.25 published in London

Aug 1790

14

  • Vicente Martín y Soler’s cantata La Deità benefica [The beneficent Deity] premiered in St Petersburg, lib. F. Moretti

17

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s cantata Il genio poetico appagato [The poetic genius satisfied] premiered in Naples, lib. G. Pagliuca

Sep 1790

4

  • Etienne-Nicolas Méhul’s opera Euphrosine premiered in Paris, lib. F.-B. Hoffman

9

  • Wenzel Müller’s opera Das Sonnenfest der Braminen [The Sun Festival of the Brahmins], lib. Albrecht Karl Friedrich Hensler, premiered in Vienna

15

  • Joseph Weigl’s opera La caffettiera bizzarra [the bizarre coffee pot], lib. Lorenzo Da Ponte, premiered in Vienna

16

  • Johann Abraham Peter Schulz’s opera Høstgildet [harvest feast], lib. T. Thaarup, premiered in Copenhagen

25

  • The Beijing opera founded (traditionally on the birthday of the Qianlong Emperor)

28

  • Count Nicolaus Esterházy dies and his son Anton dissolves the musical and theatrical establishments at Eszterháza

unk

  • William Crotch appointed organist of Christ Church, Oxford

publications

  • Daniel Steibelt’s 3 String Quartets op.17 published in Paris

Oct 1790

9

  • Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi’s opera L’azzardo [The gamble], lib. Giuseppe Palomba, premiered in Naples

15

  • Giovanni David born (Naples) Italian tenor singer, opera company manager. Died 1864
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Piano concerto No.26 premiered in Vienna (completed Feb 24th 1788)

26

  • Giuseppe Sarti’s opera Nachal′noye upravleniye Olega [The Early Reign of Oleg] premiered in St Petersburg, lib. Catherine II

30

  • Karol Lipiński born (Radzyń Podlaski, Poland) Polish composer, violin virtuoso. Died 1861

Nov 1790

4

  • Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf’s opera Hokus Pokus premiered in Wroclaw, lib. Dittersdorf

7

  • Luigi Legnani born (Ferrara) Italian guitarist, composer, singer, luthier. Died 1877

11

  • François Devienne’s opera Le Mariage clandestin [the clandestine marriage], lib. Joseph-Alexandre Pierre de Ségur, premiered in Paris

12

  • Francesco Bianchi’s opera La vendetta di Nino [Revenge of Nino], lib. Ferdinando Moretti and Pietro Giovannini, premiered in Naples

Dec 1790

8

  • Joseph Haydn signs a contract with Johann Peter Salomon for appearances and performances of new works in London

15

  • Joseph Haydn leaves Vienna, bound for London via Munich

16

  • Ludwig August Lebrun (38) dies in Berlin of liver disease

26

  • Ludwig van Beethoven and Joseph Haydn meet for the first time in Bonn
  • Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli’s opera La morte de Cesare [the death of Caesar], lib. Gaetano Sertor, premiered in Milan

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s String quintet K593 completed

1790 (date unknown)

publications

  • Johann Georg Albrechtsberger’s treatise on composition Gründliche Anweisung zur Composition published in Vienna
  • Carl Michael Bellman’s Epistles of Fredman published in Stockholm (82 poems and songs)
  • Volume 1 of Ernst Ludwig Gerber’s dictionary of musicians, Historisch-biographisches Lexikon der Tonkünstler, published. Volume 2 follows in 1792
  • Johann Friedrich Reichardt’s song collection Geistliche Gesänge von Lavater published in Winterthur
  • Johann Friedrich Reichardt’s children’s song collection Lieder für Kinder aus Campes Kinderbibliothek IV published in Braunschweig
  • Johann Abraham Peter Schulz’s song collection Lieder im Volkston III published
  • Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel’s op.32 – 3 piano trios published in Vienna
  • Giovanni Battista Viotti’s 6 duos concertans, 2me livre for 2 violins (nos 7-12) published in Paris (approx date)

A contemporary performance by the Beijing Opera, founded in 1790

Jan 1791

2

  • Joseph Haydn arrives in London on his first visit (to June 1792)

5

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Piano Concerto no.27 K595 completed

11

  • William Williams Pantycelyn (73) dies in Pantycelyn, Wales

15

  • Rodolphe Kreutzer’s opera Paul et Virginie premiered in Paris, lib. E.G.F. de Favières

23

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Minuets (6) K599 completed

25

  • Antonio Salieri resigns from his position as music director of the Italian opera company in Vienna

26

  • Joseph Haydn plays his first London concert on harpsichord with Johann Peter Salomon on violin and soprano Nancy Storace singing

27

  • Vasily Pashkevich & Vicente Martín y Soler’s musical play Fedul′ s det′mi [Fedul and his Children] premiered in St Petersburg, lib. Catherine II and A.V. Khrapovitsky

28

  • Ferdinand Hérold born (Paris) French composer. Wrote 21 operas and 6 ballets. Died 1833

29

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Ländler (6) K600 completed

Feb 1791

5

  • John Beard (c. 73) dies in London
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Minuets (4) K601; Ländler (4) K602 & Contredanses (2) K603 completed

12

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Minuets (2) K604 & Ländler (3) K605 completed

15

  • Etienne Méhul’s opera Cora premiered in Paris. Lib. Valadier

21

  • Carl Czerny born (Vienna) Austrian composer, pianist, teacher. Died 1857

28

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Contredanses (1) K607 & Ländler (6) K606 completed

publications

  • Joseph Haydn’s 6 Quartetti (String Quartets nos 48 to 53 ‘Tost Quartets’ – second series) published in Vienna
Announcement of a Joseph Haydn concert in London, form The World newspaper 19/2/1791

Announcement of a Joseph Haydn concert in London, from The World newspaper 19/2/1791

Mar 1791

2

  • John Wesley (87) dies in London
  • Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf’s opera Der Schiffspatron [the skipper] premiered in Vienna, lib. J.F. Jünger

3

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Organ Piece for a Clock K608 completed

4

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Piano Concerto No. 27 premiered in Vienna at his last public performance

6

  • Ludwig van Beethoven’s ballet Ritterballett premiered in Bonn
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Contredanses (1) K610 & Ländler (1) K611 completed

9

  • Nicolas Levasseur born (Bresle, France) French bass singer. Died 1871

11

  • Joseph Haydn’s Symphony no.92 ‘Oxford’ & Symphony No. 96 ‘Miracle’ premiered in London at the first of a season of weekly concerts

19

  • Nicolas Dalayrac’s opera Camille premiered in Paris. Lib. Benoît-Joseph Marsollier des Vivetières

22

  • Carlo Besozzi (c. 52) dies in Dresden

26

  • The second King’s Theatre opens on Haymarket, London (architect Michael Novosielski). It stands until 1867

30

  • Johann Gottlieb Naumann’s opera La dama soldato [The lady soldier], lib. Caterino Mazzola, premiered in Dresden

unk

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s 8 Variations for keyboard K613 “Ein Weib ist das herrlichste Ding” completed

Apr 1791

9

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Guillaume Tell [William Tell] premiered in Paris, lib. M.-J. Sedaine

12

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s String quintet K614 completed

25

  • Joseph Haydn’s Pieta di me, benigni Dei [Mercy on me, benign Gods] for three voices, bassoon, 2 horns and orchestra premiered in London

28

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart appointed vice-Kappelmeister at St Stephen’s Cathedral, Vienna

May 1791

4

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Piano concerto No.27 premiered in Vienna (completed Jan 5th)

6

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s Cantata epitalamica premiered in Florence

9

  • Francis Hopkinson (53) dies in Philadelphia

11

  • Jan Václav Voříšek born (Vamberk, Czech Rep) Czech composer, pianist, organist, conductor. Died 1825

12

  • Luigi Cherubini marries Cecile Tourette in Paris

14

  • Francesca Lebrun neé Danzi (35) dies in Berlin

Jun 1791

3

  • The last of the 1791 season Salomon-Haydn concerts takes place in London

8

  • Wenzel Müller’s opera Kaspar der Fagottist [Kaspar the bassoonist], lib. Joachim Perinet, premiered in Vienna

14

  • Domenico Cimarosa’s departure from the court of Catherine II in St Petersburg is announced in the local press

16

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera La locanda [the inn] premiered in London, lib. G. Tonioli

23

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s motet Ave verum corpus [Hail true body] K618 for chorus and strings premiered in Baden, Austria

24

  • The Académie Royale de Musique in Paris has its name changed to the Opéra

29

  • The Académie Royale de Musique in Paris has its name changed again after just five days to the Académie de Musique

publications

  • Muzio Clementi’s Sonata in F op.26 for piano or harpsichord published in London

Jul 1791

7

  • Joseph Haydn receives an honourary doctorate from Oxford University

14

  • Niccolò Piccinni and his family leave Paris for home in Naples

18

  • Luigi Cherubini’s opera Lodoïska premiered in Paris, lib. C.-F. Fillette-Loraux

26

  • Francisco José Debali born (Kinnen, Hungary) Hungaro-Uruguayan composer. Writer of the Uruguayan National Anthem. Died 1859
  • Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart born (Vienna) Austrian composer, pianist, teacher, conductor. Son of Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-91) and Contanze (1762-1842) Mozart. Died 1844

Aug 1791

1

  • Rodolphe Kreutzer’s opera Lodoïska premiered in Paris, lib. J.E.B. Dejaure

9

  • François Devienne’s opera Les Précieuses ridicules [ridiculous treasures], lib. Pierre-Louis Moline, premiered in Paris

19

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Adagio and rondo for glass harmonica, flute, oboe, viola and cello K617 premiered in Vienna (completed May 23rd)

24

  • Therese Grünbaum born (Vienna) Austrian soprano singer, teacher. Died 1876

25

  • Pietro Domenico Paradisi (84) dies in Venice

Sep 1791

5

  • Giacomo Meyerbeer aka Jakob Liebmann Meyer Beer born (Berlin) German composer of 19 operas and key figure in the development of Grand Opera. Died 1864

6

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s opera La clemenza di Tito [the clemency of Titus] K621 premiered in Prague for coronation of Leopold II, lib. P. Metastasio

12

  • Leopold Kozeluch’s Cantata for the Coronation of Leopold II premiered in Prague

30

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s opera Die Zauberflöte [the magic flute] K620 premiered in Vienna, lib. E. Schikaneder

Oct 1791

2

  • Johann Friedrich Reichardt’s opera L’olimpiade premiered in Berlin, lib. P. Metastasio

7

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Grund born (Hamburg) German composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1874

10

  • Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart (52) dies in Stuttgart

16

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Clarinet Concerto K622 premiered in Prague

Nov 1791

17

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s cantata Laut verkünde unsre Freude K623 premiered in Vienna, lib. E. Schikaneder (completed Nov 15th)

18

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart makes his final public appearance at a masonic lodge meeting in Vienna

27

  • Carlo Evasio Soliva born (Casale Monferrato, Italy) Italo-Swiss composer, conductor, music director, teacher. Died 1853

Dec 1791

1

  • Johann Georg Albrechtsberger succeeds Ferdinand Arbesser as first court organist in Vienna

5

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (35) dies in Vienna, probably of acute rheumatic fever

8

  • Peter Josef von Lindpaintner born (Koblenz) German composer of 20 operas, conductor. Died 1856

26

  • Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli’s opera Pirro, rè d’Epiro [Pyrrhus king of Epirus], lib. Giovanni De Gamerra, premiered in Milan

28

  • Nicolas Dalayrac’s opera Philippe et Georgette premiered in Paris. Lib. Jacques-Marie Boutet de Monvel

publications

  • Muzio Clementi’s 3 Sonatas op.27 for piano or harpsichord, violin and cello published in London

1791 (date unknown)

  • Giuseppe Demachi (c.59) dies in London
  • The Berlin Singakademie (aka Sing-Akademie zu Berlin) founded by Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch. A choral society, concert and educational institution

publications

  • Carl Michael Bellman’s Songs of Fredman published in Stockholm (65 poems and songs)
  • Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf’s 3 simphonies, exprimant 3 métamorphoses d’Ovide published in Vienna
  • Charles Frederick Horn’s Three Sonatas for the Piano Forte or Harpsichord, with an Accompaniment for a Violin or a Flute op.2 published in London
  • Johann Nepomuk Hummel’s 3 variations op.1 for piano & 2 variations op.2 for piano published in London
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Piano Concerto K595 op.17 published in Vienna
  • Georg Joseph Vogler’s Variations on Air de Marlborough for piano and orchestra published in Speyer

Johann Georg Albrechtsberger 1736-1809

Jan 1792

8

  • Lowell Mason born (Medfield, MA) American hymn composer, teacher, music director. Father of William Mason (1829-1908). Died 1872

13

  • Yevstigney Fomin’s opera Orfey i Evridika [Orpheus and Eurydice], lib. Yakov Knyazhnin, premiered in St Petersburg

14

  • The Pantheon theatre in London is destroyed by fire

16

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Cécile et Ermancé premiered in Paris, lib. C.J. Rouget de Lisle and J.-B.-D. Desprès

Feb 1792

1

  • Rodolphe Kreutzer’s opera Charlotte et Werther premiered in Paris, lib. J.E.B. Dejaure

7

  • Domenico Cimarosa’s opera Il matrimonio segreto [the secret marriage] premiered in Vienna, lib. Giovanni Bertati

8

  • François Devienne’s opera Encore des Savoyards, lib. Jean-Baptiste Pujoulx, premiered in Paris

14

  • John Field, aged 9, gives his first public performance on piano in Dublin

17

  • Joseph Haydn’s Symphony No. 93 premiered in London kicking off the 1792 season of Salomon-Haydn concerts

24

  • Joseph Haydn’s madrigal The Storm for voices and orchestra premiered in London. It is his first setting of a text in English

29

  • Gioachino Rossini born (Pesaro, Italy) Italian composer of 39 operas as well as sacred music. Died 1868
  • Johann Andreas Stein (64) dies in Augsburg

Mar 1792

2

  • Joseph Haydn’s Symphony No. 98 premiered in London

4

  • Niccolò Piccini’s oratorio Gionata [Jonathan] premiered in Naples

9

  • Joseph Haydn’s Symphony no.105 premiered in London

11

  • Natale Abbadia born (Genoa) Italian composer. Father of mezzo-soprano Luigia Abbadia (1821-96). Died 1861

23

  • Joseph Haydn’s Symphony no.94 ‘The Surprise’ premiered in London

24

  • John Field, aged 9, makes his official concert debut in Dublin

29

  • Luigi Cherubini appointed concert director of the Paris Opera

Apr 1792

13

  • Joseph Martin Kraus’s Symphonie funèbre premiered at the funeral of Gustav III of Sweden in Stockholm

25

  • Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle writes Chant de guerre pour l’armie du Rhin [Battle Hymn of the Army of the Rhine] aka La Marseillaise in Strasbourg

publications

  • Muzio Clementi’s 3 Sonatas op.28 for piano or harpsichord, violin and cello published in London

May 1792

3

  • Joseph Haydn’s Symphony No. 97 premiered in London
  • Etienne-Nicolas Méhul’s opera Stratonice premiered in Paris, lib. F.-B. Hoffman

4

  • Franz Xaver Süssmayr’s opera Moses premiered in Vienna. Lib. Christian Felix Weisse

5

  • Johann Nepomuk Hummel plays his first London concert at the Hanover Square Rooms

12

  • Johann Gottlieb Naumann’s opera Amore giustificato [Love justified], lib. Caterino Mazzola, premiered in Dresden

16

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera I giuochi d’Agrigento [The games of Agrigento] premiered in Venice, lib. A. Pepoli

Jun 1792

12

  • Leopold Kozeluch is appointed Kapellmeister and head composer at the Kaiserliche Hofkapelle in Vienna

16

  • Francis Johnson born (Philadelphia, PA) American bugler, violinist, composer. The first African American composer to have his works published as sheet music. Died 1844

24

  • Michael Haydn’s Missa Hispanica premiered in Kremsmünster, Austria

28

  • Elizabeth Ann Sheridan (37) dies in Bristol of tuberculosis

30

  • Antonio Rosetti (c.42) dies in Ludwigslust, Germany

Jul 1792

7

  • Nicolas Dalayrac’s opera Tout pour l’amour [all for love], lib. Jacques-Marie Boutet de Monvel, premiered in Paris
  • François Devienne’s opera Les Visitandines [the Visitation], lib. Louis-Benoît Picard , premiered in Paris

11

  • (to 14th) The Belfast Harp Festival takes place

24

  • Joseph Haydn arrives back in Vienna after 18 months in England

unk

  • Giovanni Battista Viotti flees to London from the French revolution

Aug 1792

23

  • Ludwig van Beethoven’s Allegro and Minuet in G for 2 flutes completed

31

  • Jan Ladislav Dussek marries singer and pianist Sophia Corri in London

publications

  • Pavel Vranický’s Symphony in C op.19 published in Offenbach

Sep 1792

22

  • Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli’s opera Il mercato di Monfregoso [The market of Monfregoso], lib. Carlo Goldoni, premiered in Milan

30

  • François Joseph Gossec’s opera L’offrande à la liberté [The offering of liberty] premiered in Paris, lib. J.-M. Girey-Dupré, C.J. Rouget de Lisle and M.-J. de Chénier

Oct 1792

3

  • Cipriani Potter born (London) English pianist, composer, teacher. Died 1871

11

  • Gaetano Guadagni (64) dies in Padua

13

  • Moritz Hauptmann born (Dresden) German composer, writer, theorist, teacher. Died 1868
  • Francesco Bianchi’s opera Aci e Galatea [Acis and Galatea], lib. Giuseppe Maria Foppa, premiered in Venice
  • Joseph Weigl’s opera Der Strassensammler [the street collector], lib. Paul Weidmann, premiered in Vienna

16

  • Benjamin Carr’s opera Philander and Silvia premiered in London. Lib. anon

17

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Basile premiered in Paris, lib. M.-J. Sedaine

20

  • Anton Bernhard Fürstenau born (Münster) German flautist, composer, teacher. Son of Kaspar Fürstenau (1772-1819). Died 1852

31

  • François Devienne’s opera L’Enlévement des Sabines [The Rape of the Sabines], lib. Louis-Benoît Picard, premiered in Paris

Nov 1792

2

  • Ludwig van Beethoven leaves Bonn for Vienna

3

  • Rodolphe Kreutzer’s opera Le franc breton premiered in Paris, lib. J.E.B. Dejaure

4

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Elfrida premiered in Naples, lib. R. de Calzabigi

10

  • Ludwig van Beethoven arrives in Vienna, this time for good

14

  • Rodolphe Kreutzer’s opera Le siège de Lille [the siege of Lille] premiered in Paris, lib. L.A.B. d’Antilly

21

  • Stephen Storace’s opera The Pirates premiered in London. Lib. James Cobb

27

  • Amélie-Julie Candeille’s opera Catherine premiered in Paris. Lib. Candeille

Dec 1792

1

  • Ernst Wilhelm Wolf (57) dies in Weimar following a stroke

10

  • François Devienne’s opera Les Quiproquos espagnols [Spanish Misunderstandings], lib. Jean-Élie Bédéno, premiered in Paris

11

  • Josef Mohr born (Salzburg) Austrian priest, composer. Co-author of carol Silent Night with Franz Gruber. Died 1848

15

  • Joseph Martin Kraus (36) dies in Stockholm of tuberculosis

18

  • Johann van Beethoven (52) dies in Bonn of an alcohol-related illness

1792 (date unknown)

  • Matteo Carcassi born (Florence) Italian composer, guitarist. Died 1853
  • Isaac Nathan born (Canterbury, Kent) Anglo-Australian writer, composer, musicologist. Dubbed the father of Australian music. Died 1864

publications

  • Johann Nepomuk Hummel’s Trio in B and Sonata in G op.2a for piano and violin or flute published in London
  • Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel’s op.35 – 2 sinfonies périodiques published in Mainz
  • Giovanni Battista Viotti’s 6 sonates 2me livre for violin (nos 7-12) published in Paris

François Devienne 1759-1803

Jan 1793

1

  • Gaspare Spontini enrols at the Conservatory of Santa Maria della Pietà dei Turchini in Naples

2

  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Requiem Mass in D minor, completed by Franz Xaver Süssmayr, premiered in Vienna at a benefit concert for his widow and children

12

  • Nicolas Dalayrac’s opera Ambroise premiered in Paris. Lib. Jacques-Marie Boutet de Monvel
  • Nicolò Piccinni’s opera Ercole al Termedonte [Hercules at Termedonte], lib. Giuseppe Sesto Giannini, premiered in Naples

18

  • William Henry Havergal born (High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire) English clergyman, hymnwriter, writer, composer. Father of Frances Ridley Havergal 1836-79. Died 1870

27

  • François Joseph Gossec’s opera Le triomphe de la République [the triumph of the Republic] premiered in Paris, lib. M.-J. de Chénier

publications

  • Muzio Clementi’s 3 Sonatas op.29 for piano, violin and cello or piano, flute and cello published in London

Feb 1793

6

  • Carlo Goldoni (85) dies in Paris
  • Rodolphe Kreutzer’s opera Le déserteur de la montagne de Ham [The deserter from Ham mountain] premiered in Paris, lib. J.E.B. Dejaure

7

  • Giovanni Battista Viotti makes his London debut at Johann Peter Salomon’s Hanover Square Concerts

16

  • Jean-François Le Sueur’s opera La caverne [the cave], lib. Alphonse François Pierre Palat-Dercy, premiered in Paris
Giovanni Battista Viotti 1755-1824

Giovanni Battista Viotti 1755-1824

Mar 1793

3

  • Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi succeeds Antonio Boroni as maestro di cappella at the Basilica of St. Peter in Rome

5

  • Etienne-Nicolas Méhul’s ballet-pantomime Le jugement de Paris premiered in Paris, lib. P.G. Gardel

6

  • Bernhard Klein born (Cologne) Germany composer, music director, teacher. Died 1832

17

  • Leopold Hofmann (54) dies in Vienna

28

  • Etienne-Nicolas Méhul’s opera Le jeune sage et le vieux fou [The young sage and the old fool] premiered in Paris, lib. F.-B. Hoffman
  • François-André Danican-Philidor is sentenced to death in absentia by the National Convention of France. He is currently in England which is at war with France

Apr 1793

1

  • Domenico Cimarosa’s opera Amor rende sagace [Love makes wisdom] premiered in Vienna, lib. G. Bertati
  • Étienne Méhul is the first composer to be described as a ‘romantic’ in a La chronique de Paris article by the Marquis de Condorcet

5

  • Samuel Wesley marries Charlotte Louisa Martin in London

May 1793

3

  • Martin Gerbert (72) dies in Sankt Blasien, Germany

4

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s Cantata per la transalazione del sangue del glorioso martire S Gennaro [Cantata for the transfiguration of the blood of the glorious martyr Saint Gennaro] premiered in Naples, lib. G. Pagliuca

7

  • Pietro Nardini (71) dies in Florence

11

  • Joseph Boulogne de Saint Georges is arrested and charged with embezzlement by the Revolutionary Tribunal in Paris

Jun 1793

1

  • Henry Francis Lyte born (Kelso) Scottish priest, hymnwriter. Died 1847

19

  • Domenico Cimarosa’s opera I traci amanti [The Thracians lovers] premiered in Naples, lib. G. Palomba

publications

  • Muzio Clementi’s 3 Sonatas op.32 for piano, flute and cello published in London
  • Pavel Vranický’s String Quartets op.23 “The Prussian” published in Offenbach

Jul 1793

2

  • Domenico Cimarosa’s opera Il maestro di cappella premiered in Berlin. Lib. anon

4

  • Franz Pecháček born (Vienna) Austrian virtuoso violinist, composer, conductor. Died 1840

8

  • Franz Xaver Süssmayr’s opera L’incanto superato [The enchantment overcome], lib. Giovanni Bertati, premiered in Vienna

26

  • Alessandro Besozzi (91) dies in Turin

30

  • The Teatro Nacional de São Carlos (architect José da Costa e Silva) opens in Lisbon

Aug 1793

10

  • Ignace Joseph Pleyel’s patriotic hymn La révolution du 10 août 1792 premiered in Strasbourg cathedral

Sep 1793

7

  • Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli’s opera La secchia rapita [the stolen bucket], lib. Angelo Anelli, premiered in Milan

10

  • Daniel Steibelt’s opera Roméo et Juliette premiered in Paris. Lib. Joseph-Alexandre Pierre de Ségur after Shakespeare

16

  • Amélie-Julie Candeille’s opera Bathilde premiered in Paris. Lib. Candeille

25

  • Joseph Boulogne de Saint Georges is denounced because of his past association with the royal court, expelled from the army and jailed for nearly a year

Oct 1793

8

  • Niccolò Piccinni’s opera La Griselda premiered in Venice, lib. A. Anelli

10

  • Wenzel Müller’s opera Das neue Sonntagskind [The new Sunday’s child], lib. Joachim Perinet, premiered in Vienna

17

  • Francesc Morera i Cots (62) dies in Valencia

25

  • Giovanni Battista Ferrandini (81) dies in Munich

Nov 1793

2

  • Adrien Boieldieu’s opera La fille coupable [the culpable girl], lib. Boieldieu, premiered in Rouen

8

  • The French National Convention announces the formation of an Institut National de Musique to be directed by François-Joseph Gossec

9

  • Marie-Anne-Catherine Quinault (95) dies in Paris
  • Henri-Joseph Rigel’s opera Pauline et Henri premiered in Paris. Lib. Jean-Maximilien Boutillier

18

  • Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli’s opera Apelle premiered in Venice. lib. Antonio Simeone Sografi

30

  • Étienne Méhul’s hymne à la raison [hymn to reason] premiered in Paris

Dec 1793

12

  • John Field, aged 11, plays his first London concert
  • Johann Abraham Peter Schulz’s opera Peters Bryllup premiered in Copenhagen. Lib. T. Thaarup

13

  • Johann Joachim Christoph Bode (62) dies in Weimar

14

  • George Frederick Anderson born (London) English violinist. Master of the Queen’s Music 1848-70. Husband of Lucy Anderson (1797-1878). Died 1876

20

  • Joseph Legros (54) dies in La Rochelle, France

26

  • Franz Hünten born (Koblenz) German pianist, composer. Died 1878
  • Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli’s opera Artaserse premiered in Milan. Lib. Pietro Metastasio

1793 (date unknown)

  • Cristiano Giuseppe Lidarti (c. 63) dies in Pisa
  • Johann Georg Albrechtsberger appointed Kapellmeister at St Stephen’s Cathedral, Vienna
  • Samuel Arnold appointed organist at Westminster Abbey, succeeding Benjamin Cooke
  • Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi appointed maestro di cappella at St Peter’s, Rome

publications

  • Luigi Boccherini’s 6 tercettini op.38 (string trios) published in Paris
  • Johann Franz Xaver Sterkel’s op.33 – 6 sonatas for keyboard and violin published in Mainz & op.34 – 3 piano trios published in Offenbach

Samuel Arnold 1740-1802

Jan 1794

6

  • Kašpar Mašek born (Prague) Czech-Slovenian composer. Father of Kamilo Mašek (1831-59). Died 1873

10

  • Joseph Weigl’s opera La principessa d’Amalfi [the princess of Amalfi], lib. Giovanni Bertati, premiered in Vienna

12

  • Franz Hauser born (Krasoviče) Czech baritone singer, teacher, music manuscript collector. Died 1870
  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Elvira premiered in Naples, lib. R. de Calzabigi

13

  • Jean-François Le Sueur’s opera Paul et Virginie premiered in Paris. Lib. Alphonse du Congé Dubreuil

17

  • Niccolò Piccinni’s opera Il servo padrone [The slave master] premiered in Venice, lib. C. Mazzolà

19

  • Joseph Haydn leaves Vienna on his second trip to London

28

  • Johann Gottlob Immanuel Breitkopf (74) dies in Leipzig

Feb 1794

2

  • Marie Fel (80) dies in Paris
  • Franz Xaver Süssmayr’s opera Il turco in Italia [The Turks in Italy] premiered in Prague

5

  • Joseph Haydn arrives in London on his second visit (to Summer 1795)

8

  • William Reeve’s musical melodrama The Purse premiered in London. Lib. James Cartwright

10

  • Joseph Haydn’s Symphony No. 99 premiered in London at the first of the third season of Salomon-Haydn concerts

17

  • Simon Mayr’s opera Saffo premiered in Venice, lib. A. Sografi

18

  • Etienne-Nicolas Méhul’s opera Horatius Coclès premiered in Paris, lib. A.-V. Arnault

22

  • Ferdinando Paer’s operas Il matrimonio improvviso [improvised marriage] & I molinari premiered in Venice, both libs. G. Foppa

26

  • Benjamin Carr’s ballet The Caledonian Frolic premiered in Philadelphia, PA
  • The collaborative opera Le congrès des rois [the congress of kings] premiered in Paris, lib. A.-F. Eve and music by twelve composers. Composers: Henri Montan Berton, Frédéric Blasius, Luigi Cherubini, Nicolas Dalayrac, François Devienne, Prosper-Didier Deshayes, André Grétry, Louis Emmanuel Jadin, Rodolphe Kreutzer, Étienne Méhul, Jean-Pierre Solié and Armand-Emmanuel Trial. It is banned after 2 performances for being ‘pro-aristocratic’

Mar 1794

1

  • Jan Stefani’s opera Cud mniemany [The Supposed Miracle], lib. Wojciech Boguslawski, premiered in Warsaw

2

  • Johann Michael Wächter born (Rappersdorf, Austria) Austrian bass-baritone singer. Died 1853

3

  • Joseph Haydn’s Symphony No. 101 ‘Clock’ premiered in London

5

  • Ramón de la Cruz (62) dies in Madrid

11

  • Wenzel Müller’s opera Die Schwestern von Prag [the sisters from Prague], lib. Joachim Perinet, premiered in Vienna

12

  • The third Theatre Royal, Drury Lane (architect Henry Holland) opens in London. The building stands for only 15 years

31

  • Joseph Haydn’s Symphony No. 100 ‘Military’ premiered in London

Apr 1794

7

  • Giovanni Battista Rubini born (Romano di Lombardia, Italy) Italian tenor singer. Died 1854
  • Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf is sacked and given one week to leave the Johannisberg Palace by his employer, Prince-Bishop Schaffgotsch

8

  • Joseph Weigl’s opera Das Petermännchen [the weavers], lib. Christian Heinrich Spieß, premiered in Vienna

12

  • Luigi Cherubini marries Anne Cécile Tourette in Paris

19

  • Theobald Böhm born (Munich) German flautist, composer, inventor. Died 1881

May 1794

6

  • Jean-Jacques Beauvarlet-Charpentier (60) dies in Paris
  • Etienne-Nicolas Méhul’s opera Mélidore et Phrosine premiered in Paris, lib. A.-V. Arnault

12

  • The third season of the Salomon-Haydn London concerts comes to an end

19

  • Bartolomeo Merelli born (Bergamo) Italian impresario, librettist, theatre manager. Manager of La Scale, Milan from 1829 to 1850. Died 1879

22

  • Samuel Webbe’s opera The Speechless Wife premiered in London. Lib. Webbe

23

  • Ignaz Moscheles born (Prague) Czech composer, pianist, conductor. Died 1870

30

  • Francesco Bianchi’s opera Ines de Castro, lib. Luigi De Sanctis,  premiered in Naples. It  marks the Italian debut of soprano Elizabeth Billington

publications

  • Ludwig van Beethoven’s Piano Trios, Opus 1 published in Vienna

Jun 1794

3

  • Joseph Haydn’s VI Original Canzonettas I completed, lib. A. Hunter

4

  • Nicolas Isouard’s opera L’avviso ai maritati [The Notice to be married], lib. Francesco Gonella, premiered in Florence

5

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Joseph Barra premiered in Paris, lib. G.D.T. Levrier Champ-Rion

8

  • François-Joseph Gossec’s Hymne à l’Etre suprème [hymn to the supreme being] premiered in Paris

publications

  • Muzio Clementi’s 3 Piano sonatas op.33 & Sonata in A op.31 for piano or harpsichord and flute published in London

Jul 1794

2

  • Franz Xaver Pokorny (65) dies in Regensburg, Germany

4

  • Etienne-Nicolas Méhul’s Le chant du départ [the song of departure] premiered in Paris

9

  • Benjamin Carr’s ballet Irish Lili premiered in Philadelphia, PA

13

  • Josse-François-Joseph Benaut (c.50) guillotined in Paris during The Terror

17

  • Jean-Frédéric Edelmann (45) guillotined in Paris during The Terror

publications

  • Muzio Clementi’s Sonata in C op.30 for piano or harpsichord and violin published in London

Aug 1794

4

  • Josef Proksch born (Liberec, Czech Rep) Czech pianist, composer, teacher. Blind from age 17. Father of Maria Proksch (1836-1900). Died 1864

8

  • François Devienne’s opera Rose et Aurèle premiered in Paris. Lib. Louis-Benoît Picard

10

  • Amalie Marie Friederike Auguste aka Princess Amalie of Saxony born (Dresden) German composer, singer, harpsichord player, writer. Died 1870
  • Etienne-Nicolas Mehul’s anthem Le chant des victoires premiered in Paris

16

  • Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf’s opera Das Gespenst mit der Trommel [The ghost with the drum] premiered in Oleśnica, Poland, lib. Dittersdorf

23

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Denys le tyran, maître d’école à Corinthe [Dionysius the tyrant schoolmaster at Corinth] premiered in Paris, lib. P.S. Maréchal

25

  • Leopold August Abel (76) dies in Ludwigslust, Germany

26

  • Domenico Cimarosa’s opera Le astuzie femminili [The feminine wiles] premiered in Naples, lib. G. Palomba

publications

  • Ignaz Pleyel’s La Révolution du 10 août published in Paris

Sep 1794

2

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera La rosière républicaine [The Republican rosary] premiered in Paris, lib. P.S. Maréchal

7

  • Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli’s opera Alzira premiered in Florence. Lib. G. Cavaerta

10

  • François Benoist born (Nantes) French composer, organist, teacher. Died 1878

16

  • Domenico Dragonetti leaves Venice for London

18

  • Catherine Stephens born (London) English soprano singer, actress. Died 1882

19

  • André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s opera Callias premiered in Paris, lib. F.-B. Hoffman

21

  • Luigi Cherubini’s Hymne au Panthéon [Hymn to the Pantheon] & Hymne à la fraternité [Hymn to the brotherhood] premiered in Paris

29

  • William Michael Rooke (O’Rourke) born (Dublin) Irish violinist, composer, teacher. Died 1847

Oct 1794

5

  • Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi’s opera Admeto premiered in Naples, lib. G. Palomba

12

  • James Lyon (59) dies in Machias, ME

13

  • Anselm Hüttenbrenner born (Graz) Austrian composer, civil servant. Died 1868

15

  • Rodolphe Kreutzer’s opera Le lendemain de la bataille de Fleurus [The aftermath of the Battle of Flowers] premiered in Paris, lib.L.A.B. d’Antilly

16

  • Joseph Weigl’s opera Giulietta e Pierotto [Juliet and Pierotto], lib. Giovanni de Gamerra, premiered in Vienna

18

  • Ferdinand Schubert born (Vienna) Austrian teacher, composer, violinist, organist, choirmaster. Brother of Franz Schubert (1797-1828). Died 1859

30

  • Rodolphe Kreutzer’s opera Encore un victoire [another victory] premiered in Paris, lib. L.A.B. d’Antilly

unk

  • Johann Friedrich Reichardt dismissed from his post as Kapellmeister at the royal Berlin opera for harbouring republican sympathies

publications

  • Pavel Vranický’s String Quintets op.29 published in Offenbach

Nov 1794

4

  • Giovanni Paisiello’s opera Didone abbandonata [Dido abandoned] premiered in Naples, lib. P. Metastasio

14

  • Franz Xaver Süssmayr’s opera Der Spiegel von Arkadien [the mirror of Arcadia], lib. Emanuel Schikaneder, premiered in Vienna

21

  • Hyacinthe Jadin’s opera Cange, ou Le Commissionaire de Lazare [Cange, or the Commissioner of Lazarus], lib. André Pépin-Bellement, premiered in Paris

Dec 1794

6

  • Luigi Lablache born (Naples) Italian bass singer. Died 1858

13

  • Luigi Cherubini’s opera Eliza premiered in Paris, lib. J.-A. de R. Saint-Cyr

20

  • Bassist Domenico Dragonetti makes his London debut playing in the orchestra in a King’s Theatre production of Paisello’s Zenobia in Palmira

26

  • Domenico Cimarosa’s opera Penelope premiered in Naples. Lib. Giuseppe Maria Diodati
  • Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli’s opera Il conte di Soldagna [The Count of Soldagna], lib. Ferdinando Moretti, premiered in Venice

28

  • Johann Peter Schulz’s cantata Sorge-sange da Prindsesse Sophie Frederike bisattes [Sorge songs as Princess Sophie Frederikke interred] premiered in Roskilde, Denmark

1794 (date unknown)

publications

  • Charles Frederick Horn’s Three Sonatas op.3 published in London
  • Johann Nepomuk Hummel’s 3 sets of Variations for piano op.3 published in London
  • Hyacinthe Jadin’s Hymne du Vingt-un Janvier for wind orchestra published in Paris
  • Franz Krommer’s Three string quartets op.3 & Three string quartets op.4 published in Offenbach
  • Johann Friedrich Reichardt’s song collection Göthe’s lyrische Gedichte published in Berlin

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