1840-44

<1835-18391845-1849>

Jan 1840

1

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Psalm cxiv op.51 for 8 voices and orchestra premiered in Leipzig

6

  • Fromental Halévy’s opera Le Drapier, lib. Eugène Scribe, premiered in Paris

13

  • Louis van Waefelghem born (Bruges) Belgian violinist, viola player, composer. Died 1908

18

  • Ernst Rudorff born (Berlin) German composer, teacher, pianist. Died 1916

25

  • Hamilton Clarke born (Birmingham) English composer, otganist, pianist, violinist, theatre conductor. Died 1912

Feb 1840

2

  • Louis-Albert Bourgault-Ducoudray born (Nantes) French composer, pianist, teacher. Died 1910

11

  • Gaetano Donizetti’s opera La fille du régiment [The daughter of the regiment] premiered in Paris, lib. J.H. Vernoy de Saint-Georges and J.-F.-A. Bayard
  • Carl Otto Nicolai’s opera Il templario [the Templar] premiered in Turin, lib. G.M. Marini

21

  • Adolphe Adam’s ballet Morskoi razboinik aka L’écumeur de mer [The skimmer of sea] premiered in St Petersburg

24

  • Ambroise Thomas’ opera Carline premiered in Paris. lib. Adolph Ribbing and Léon-Lévy Brunswick

29

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s String Quartet no.5 op.44/3 premiered in Leipzig

Mar 1840

4

  • Henri Vieuxtemps’s Fantaisie-Caprice op.11 for violin and piano premiered in St Petersburg

8

  • Franco Faccio born (Verona) Italian conductor, composer. Died 1891

10

  • Saverio Mercadante’s opera La vestale premiered in Naples, lib. S. Cammarano

12

  • Carlo Coccia’s opera Giovanna II regina di Napoli [Joan II Queen of Naples], lib. Gaetano Rossi, premiered in Naples
  • Saverio Mercadante’s opera La solitaria delle Asturie [The lonely Asturian] premiered in Venice, lib. Felice Romani

24

  • Franz Liszt’s Grande fantaisie sur des thèmes de l’opéra Les Huguenots for piano premiered in Leipzig

Apr 1840

10

  • Gaetano Donizetti’s opera Les martyrs premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe

12

  • Edmond Audran born (Lyon) French opera and operetta composer. Died 1901
  • Franz Xaver Haberl born (Mallersdorf-Pfaffenberg, Germany) German musicologist, priest, teacher. Died 1910

28

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera-ballet Die Hamadryaden [the Hamadryads] premiered in Berlin, lib. T. Pernot de Colombey

May 1840

7

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky born (Votkinsk, Russia) Russian composer, conductor. Died 1893

18

  • Daniel Auber’s opera Zanetta premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe and J.-H. Vernoy de Saint-Georges

27

  • Niccolò Paganini (67) dies in Nice from internal haemorrhaging

30

  • Giuseppe Lillo’s opera Le nozze campestri [the country marriage], lib. Giovanni Schmidt, premiered in Naples

publications

  • Frédéric Chopin’s Sonata in b op.35 for piano & 2 nocturnes op.37 for piano published in Leipzig, Paris and London

Jun 1840

6

  • John Stainer born (London) English composer, organist. Died 1901

9

  • Franz Liszt makes his British debut in London’s Hanover Square Rooms

23

  • Albert Lortzing’s opera Hans Sachs premiered in Leipzig. Lib. Lortzing and Philipp Salomon Reger

24

  • Louis Brassin born (Aachen) Belgian pianist, composer, teacher. Died 1884

25

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Symphony no.2 op.52 ‘Lobgesang’ & Festgesang for chorus and wind band premiered in Leipzig
Franz Liszt 1811-1886

Franz Liszt 1811-1886

Jul 1840

28

  • Hector Berlioz’s Symphonie Funèbre et Triomphale premiered in Paris

Aug 1840

1

  • Franz Simandl born (Blatná, Czech Rep) Czech bassist, teacher, composer. Died 1912

6

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s chorale prelude O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden [O Sacred Head, Now Wounded] for organ premiered in Leipzig

8

  • Ferenc Erkel’s opera Bátori Mária premiered in Budapest, lib. B. Egressy

24

  • Ingeborg Bronsart von Schellendorf née Starck born (St Petersburg) Swedish-German composer, pianist. Died 1913

28

  • Ira D. Sankey born (Edinburg, PA) American hymnwriter, Gospel singer. Died 1908

Sep 1840

5

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Un giorno di regno [One day reign] premiered in Milan, lib. F. Romani

12

  • Robert Schumann & Clara Wieck marry in Schönefeld, Germany

14

  • George Whiting born (Holliston, MA) American organist, composer. Died 1923

15

  • Franz Pecháček (47) dies in Karlsruhe

30

  • Johan Severin Svendsen born (Oslo) Norwegian composer, conductor, violinist. Died 1911
  • Giuseppe Lillo’s opera L’osteria di Andujar [The Andujar inn], lib. Leopoldo Tarantini, premiered in Naples
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Fugue in f for organ premiered in London

Oct 1840

18

  • Roberto Stagno born (Palermo) Italian tenor singer. Died 1897

28

  • Franz Liszt’s Grandes variations de Concert sur un thème des Puritains for 2 pianos premiered in Hamburg
  • Richard Wagner briefly imprisoned for insolvency in Paris

Nov 1840

16

  • Jules Danbé born (Caen) French conductor, violinist, composer. Died 1905

19

  • Johann Michael Vogl (72) dies in Vienna

29

  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera Saffo premiered in Naples, lib. S. Cammarano

unk

  • Célestine Galli-Marié born (Paris) French mezzo-soprano singer. Died 1905

Dec 1840

2

  • Gaetano Donizetti’s opera La favorite [the favourite] premiered in Paris, lib. A. Royer and G. Vaëz

7

  • Hermann Götz born (Kaliningrad) German composer, critic, pianist, conductor. Died 1876

12

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera La rose de Péronne [The rose of Péronne] premiered in Paris, lib. A. de Leuven and A. Philippe

17

  • Christian Frederik Emil Horneman born (Copenhagen) Danish composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1906

26

  • Carl Otto Nicolai’s opera Gildippe ed Odoardo [Gildippe and Edward] premiered in Genoa, lib. T. Solera

1840 (date unknown)

  • Nicolò Gabrielli appointed musical director of the Teatro di San Carlo, Naples

publications

  • William Sterndale Bennett’s Caprice op.22 for piano and orchestra published in Leipzig
  • Hector Berlioz’s Le roi Lear, grande ouverture op.4 published in Paris
  • Edward Bunting’s The Ancient Music of Ireland published in Dublin
  • Frédéric Chopin’s Impromptu in F op.29 for piano; Ballade in F op.38 for piano; Scherzo in c op.39 for piano; 4 mazurkas op.41 for piano & Waltz in A op.42 for piano published in Leipzig, Paris and London
  • Frédéric Chopin’s 2 Polonaises op.40 for piano published in Leipzig and Paris
  • Louise Farrenc’s Quintet No.2 op.31 published
  • Manuel Patricio Rodríguez García’s Ecole de Garcia: traité complet de l’art du chant par Manuel Garcia fils vol.1 published in Paris
  • Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka’s song collection Proshchaniye s Peterburgom (A Farewell to St Petersburg – 12 songs) published in St Petersburg
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Sechs Lieder op.48; Piano Trio no.1 op.49 & Sechs Lieder op.50 published in Leipzig
  • Giacomo Meyerbeer’s 12 mélodies published in Paris
  • Jacques Offenbach’s Grande scène espagnole, op.22 for cello and orchestra published in Paris
  • Clara Schumann’s Trois romances op.11 for piano published in Vienna
  • Robert Schumann’s Nachtstücke op.23 for piano (4 pieces); Liederkreis op.24 (9 songs); Myrthen op.25 (26 songs); Drei Romanzen op.28 for piano; Drei Gedichte op.29 & Drei Gedichte op.30 published
  • Louis Spohr’s Symphony no.5 op.102 & Violin concerto no.14 op.110 published in Vienna
  • Louis Spohr’s Duo concertante op.112 for violin and piano published in Dresden & Sonata op.113 for violin and harp published in Hamburg
  • Johann Strauss I’s Wiener Gemüths-Walzer op. 116 Viennese Sentiments published in Vienna
  • Sigismond Thalberg’s Souvenir de Beethoven, Fantaisie op.39 published

Mikhail Glinka 1804-57

Jan 1841

8

  • Emilio Usiglio born (Parma) Italian composer, conductor. Died 1910

18

  • Emmanuel Chabrier born (Ambert, France) French composer, pianist. Died 1894

21

  • Fromental Halévy’s opera La guitarrero [the guitar], lib. Eugène Scribe, premiered In Paris
  • Giuseppe Lillo’s opera Cristina di Svezia [Christina of Sweden], lib. Salvatore Cammarano, premiered in Naples

23

  • Sigismund Bachrich born (Žabokreky nad Nitrou, Slovakia) Hungarian composer, violinist, viola player, teacher. Died 1913

25

  • Mikhail Glinka’s Tarantella for piano premiered in St Petersburg

28

  • Viktor Nessler born (Baldenheim, France) French composer, conductor. Died 1890

31

  • Michael Maybrick born (Liverpool) English baritone singer, songwriter, composer. Died 1913

Feb 1841

6

  • Carlo Coccia’s opera Il lago delle fate [The lake of the fairies], lib. Felice Romani, premiered in Turin

10

  • Walter Parratt born (Huddersfield) English organist, composer, teacher. Died 1924

11

  • Gaetano Donizetti’s opera Adelia premiered in Rome, lib. D. F. Romani and G. Marini

16

  • César Franck’s Premiere grande symphonie for orchestra premiered In Paris

17

  • Ferdinando Carulli (71) dies in Paris

19

  • Elfrida Andrée born (Visby, Sweden) Swedish composer, conductor, organist. Died 1929
  • Felipe Pedrell born (Tortosa, Spain) Spanish composer, musicologist, music editor. Died 1922

Mar 1841

1

  • Romualdo Marenco born (Genoa) Italian ballet composer. Died 1907

6

  • Daniel Auber’s opera Les diamants de la couronne [The crown jewels] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe and J.-H. Vernoy de Saint-Georges

9

  • Michael William Balfe’s opera Keolanthe premiered in London, lib. E. Fitzball

13

  • Carl Otto Nicolai’s opera Il proscritto [the outlaw] premiered in Milan, lib. G. Rossi

30

  • Federico Ricci’s opera Luigi Rolla e Michelangelo, lib. Salvatore Cammarano, premiered in Florence

31

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Allegro brillant op.92 for 2 pianos premiered in Leipzig
  • Robert Schumann’s Symphony no.1 op.38 premiered in Leipzig
Robert Schumann 1810-1856

Robert Schumann 1810-1856

Apr 1841

19

  • Ambroise Thomas’ opera Le comte de Carmagnola [The Count of Carmagnola], lib. Eugène Scribe, premiered in Paris

25

  • Pauline Lucca born (Vienna) Austrian soprano singer. Died 1908

29

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s March in D op.108 ‘Lobgesang’ for orchestra premiered in Dresden

May 1841

1

  • Louis Moreau Gottschalk sails to France from New Orleans for music training aged 11

15

  • Giovanni Bolzoni born (Parma) Italian composer, violinist, conductor. Died 1919

18

  • John Thomson (35) dies in Edinburgh

21

  • Joseph Parry born (Merthyr Tydfil, Wales) Welsh composer, organist. Died 1903

24

  • Zulma Bouffar born (Nérac, France) French soprano singer, actress. Died 1909

28

  • Giovanni Sgambati born (Rome) Italian composer, teacher. Died 1914

unk

  • Louis Spohr’s Piano Trio No.1 op.119 completed

Jun 1841

14

  • Gaetano Donizetti’s cantata Dalla Francia un saluto t’invia [France sends you a greeting] premiered in Bergamo

28

  • Adolphe Adam’s ballet Giselle premiered in Paris

Jul 1841

11

  • Daniël de Lange born (Rotterdam) Dutch composer, cellist, organist, teacher. Died 1918

unk

  • Felix Mendelssohn begins a one year contract as music director in Berlin
  • Gaspare Spontini sentenced to 9 months in gaol in Berlin for anti-monarchist remarks and dismissed from his position at the court. The sentence is lifted by Friedrich Wilhelm IV the following May

Aug 1841

13

  • Bernhard Heinrich Romberg (73) dies in Hamburg

27

  • Ignaz von Seyfried (65) dies in Vienna

28

  • Friedrich Curschmann (36) dies in Gdansk
  • Fabio Campana’s opera Giulio d’Este, lib. Carlo Alberto Monteverde, premiered in Livorno

Sep 1841

8

  • Antonín Dvořák born (Prague) Czech composer, conductor, viola player, organist. Died 1904

15

  • Alessandro Rolla (84) dies in Milan

16

  • Thomas John Dibdin (70) dies in London

29

  • Enrico Bevignani born (Naples) Italian conductor, harpsichord player, composer. Died 1903

Oct 1841

11

  • Friedrich Hegar born (Basel) Swiss composer, conductor, violinist, founding conductor of Tonhalle-Orchester Zürich (1868). Died 1927

22

  • Annie Louise Cary born (Wayne, ME) American contralto singer. Died 1921

26

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera La mayn de fer [The iron hand] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe and A. de Leuven

28

  • Francesco Morlacchi (57) dies in Innsbruck
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s incidental music for Sophocles’s play Antigone op.55 premiered in Potsdam

Nov 1841

4

  • Carl Tausig born (Warsaw) Polish composer, virtuoso pianist, arranger. Died 1871

9

  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera L’uomo del mistero [the man of mystery] premiered in Naples, lib. D. Andreotti

16

  • Federico Ricci’s opera Corrado d’Altamura premiered in Milan. Lib. Giacomo Sacchero

27

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s 17 Variations sérieuses for piano premiered in Leipzig

30

  • Franz Liszt’s Rheinweinlied for chorus premiered in Jena

publications

  • Frédéric Chopin’s Allegro de concert op.46 for piano published in Leipzig and Paris

Dec 1841

3

  • Franz Lachner’s opera Catarina Cornaro premiered in Munich. Lib. Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges

6

  • Robert Schumann’s Symphony No. 4Overture, Scherzo and Finale op.52 for orchestra premiered in Leipzig

14

  • Louise Héritte-Viardot born (Paris) French soprano singer, pianist, composer. Daughter of Pauline Viardot (1821-1910), sister of Paul Viardot (1857-1941). Died 1918

16

  • Franz Liszt’s Das deutsche Vaterland I for chorus premiered in Leipzig

17

  • Aglaja Orgeni aka Anna Maria von Görger St. Jörgen born (Rimavská Sobota, Slovakia) Hungarian soprano singer, singing teacher. Died 1926

18

  • Felice Blangini (60) dies in Paris

22

  • Fromental Halévy’s opera La reine de Chypre [The Queen of Cyprus], lib. Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges, premiered in Paris

26

  • Gaetano Donizetti’s opera Maria Padilla premiered in Milan, lib. G. Rossi and Donizetti

31

  • Albert Lortzing’s opera Casanova premiered in Leipzig. Lib. Lortzing

1841 (date unknown)

  • Isaac Nathan emigrates from the UK to Australia

publications

  • Valentin Alkan’s Piano Trio op.30 published in Paris
  • William Sterndale Bennett’s Two Characteristic Studies op.29 for piano published in London
  • Charles de Bériot’s Concerto No. 2 in B minor op.32 published
  • Hector Berlioz’s song collection Les nuits d’été op.7 (6 songs) & Rêverie et caprice op.8 for violin and orchestra published in Paris
  • Frédéric Chopin’s Tarantelle in A op.43 for piano published in Hamburg, Paris and London
  • Frédéric Chopin’s 2 Polonaises op.44 for piano & Prelude in c op.45 for piano published in Vienna and Paris
  • Frédéric Chopin’s Ballade in A op.47 for piano; 2 nocturnes op.48 & Fantasy in f op.49 for piano published in Paris
  • Gaetano Donizetti’s Matinée musicale (6 songs, 2 duets, 2 quartets) published in Naples, London and Paris
  • Jan Kalivoda’s Symphony No. 5 in B minor op. 106 published in Leipzig
  • Friedrich Kuhlau’s Quartet For Two Violins, Viola, And Violoncello op.122 published
  • Heinrich August Marschner’s Piano trio op.111 published in Leipzig
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Psalm cxiv op.51 for 8 voices and orchestra published in Leipzig & Variations sérieuses in d op.54 for piano published in Vienna
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Lieder ohne Worte IV op.53 for piano (6 pieces) & Drei geistliche Lieder op.96 published in Bonn
  • Carl Otto Nicolai’s Tell auf der Strasse nach Küssnacht op.22 for baritone and piano or orchestra & Piano sonata in d op.27 published in Vienna
  • Robert Schumann’s Faschingsschwank aus Wien op.26 for piano (5 pieces); Drei Gesänge op.31; Klavierstücke op.32 for piano (4 pieces); Vier Duette op.34; Zwölf Gedichte op.35; Zwölf Gedichte aus F. Rückerts Liebesfrühling op.37 (3 by Clara Schumann) & Symphony no.1 op.38 published
  • Louis Spohr’s Sonata op.114 for violin and harp & Sonata op.115 for violin and harp published in Hamburg
  • Loch Lomond first published in the collection Vocal Melodies of Scotland

Jan Kalivoda 1801-66

Jan 1842

4

  • Saverio Mercadante’s opera Il proscritto [the outlaw] premiered in Naples, lib. S. Cammarano

7

  • Gioachino Rossini’s Stabat mater for chorus and orchestra (second version) premiered in Paris

13

  • Heinrich Hofmann born (Berlin) German composer, pianist. Died 1902

Feb 1842

1

  • Hector Berlioz’s Reverie et caprice for violin and orchestra premiered in Paris

4

  • Daniel Auber’s opera Le duc d’Olonne [the Duke of Olonne] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe and Saintine

21

  • Wojciech Żywny (85) dies in Warsaw

24

  • Arrigo Boito born (Padua, Italy) Italian librettist, composer, poet, novelist, journalist. Died 1918

26

  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera Il duca d’Alba [the Duke of Alba] premiered in Venice, lib. G. Peruzzini and F.M. Piave

unk

  • Daniel Auber appointed director of the Paris Conservatoire

Mar 1842

3

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Symphony no.3 op.56 ‘Scottish’ premiered in Leipzig

7

  • Christian Theodor Weinlig (61) dies in Leipzig

9

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Nabucodonosor premiered in Milan, lib. T. Solera

12

  • The New York Philharmonic is founded as the Philharmonic Society of New York by Ureli Corelli Hill and William Vincent Wallace

15

  • Luigi Cherubini (81) dies in Paris

16

  • Mariano Padilla y Ramos born (Murcia) Spanish baritone singer. Husband of Désirée Artôt (1835-1907), father of Lola Artôt de Padilla (1876-1933). Died 1907

19

  • Luigi Cherubini’s funeral takes place at the church of Saint-Roch in Paris

22

  • Carl Rosa born (Hamburg) Anglo-German impresario, co-founder of the Carl Rosa Opera Company (1869). Died 1889
  • Mykola Lysenko born (Hrynky, Ukraine) Ukrainian composer, pianist, conductor, ethnomusicologist. Died 1912

26

  • Luise Jaide born (Darmstadt) German mezzo-soprano singer, singing teacher. Died 1914

Apr 1842

1

  • Edmund Neupert born (Oslo) Norwegian pianist, composer, teacher. Died 1888

4

  • Gottfried Eschenbach born (Schleswig, Germany) German composer, conductor, viola player. Died 1920

6

  • Johann Anton André (66) dies in Offenbach

7

  • Richard Wagner and Minna Planer settle in Dresden

14

  • Jean-Nicolas Bouilly (79) dies in Paris

29

  • Karl Millöcker born (Vienna) Austrian operetta composer, conductor. Died 1900

unk

  • Louis Spohr’s Piano Trio No.2 op.123 completed

May 1842

5

  • Johann Nepomuk Fuchs born (Frauental, Austria) Austrian composer, conductor, teacher. Brother of Robert Fuchs (1847-1927). Died 1899

12

  • Jules Massenet born (Saint-Étienne, France) French opera composer. Died 1912

13

  • Arthur Sullivan born (London) English composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1900

14

  • Alphons Czibulka born (Spišské Podhradie, Slovakia) Hungarian composer, pianist, conductor. Died 1894

19

  • Gaetano Donizetti’s opera Linda di Chamounix premiered in Vienna, lib. G. Rossi

Jun 1842

1

  • Fabio Campana’s opera Vannina d’Ornano, lib. Francesco Guidi, premiered in Florence

11

  • Giacomo Meyerbeer appointed music director of the Neues Schauspielhaus, Berlin

12

  • Rikard Nordraak born (Oslo) Norwegian composer, author of Ja, vi elsker, the Norwegian national anthem. Died 1866

18

  • Franz Berwald’s Symphony No.2 in D major, Sinfonie capricieuse completed

19

  • Walter Bache born (Birmingham) English pianist, conductor. Brother of Francis Edward Bache (1833-58). Died 1888
  • Carl Zeller born (Sankt Peter in der Au, Austria) Austrian operetta composer. Died 1898

20

  • Michael Umlauf (60) dies in Baden bei Wien, Austria
  • Felix Mendelssohn plays a private concert in St James’ Palace, London, for Queen Victoria and Prince Albert

22

  • Adolphe Adam’s ballet La jolie Fille de Gand [The beautiful daughter of Ghent] premiered in Paris
  • Ambroise Thomas’ opera Le guerillero [the guerrilla], lib. Théodor Anne, premiered in Paris

29

  • Josef Labor born (Hořovice, Czech rep.) Czech keyboard player, composer, teacher. Died 1924
Ambroise Thomas 1811-1896

Ambroise Thomas 1811-1896

Jul 1842

9

  • Clara Louise Kellogg born (Sumterville, SC) American soprano singer, opera impresario. Died 1916

23

  • Timothy Swan (84) dies in Northfield, MA

Aug 1842

18

  • João Domingos Bomtempo (66) dies in Lisbon

25

  • Jérôme-Joseph de Momigny (80) dies in an asylum in Paris

30

  • Alphonse Duvernoy born (Paris) French pianist, composer, teacher. Brother of Edmond Duvernoy (1844-1927). Died 1907

Sep 1842

12

  • Marianne Brandt born (Vienna) Austro-German contralto singer. Died 1921

13

  • Ödön Mihalovich born (Feričanci, Croatia) Hungarian composer, teacher. Died 1929

15

  • Pierre Baillot (70) dies in Paris

24

  • Emma Livry born (Paris) French ballerina. Died 1863

26

  • Hector Berlioz plays his first concert outside of France, in Brussels

Oct 1842

2

  • José Mariano Elízaga (56) dies in Morelia, Mexico

8

  • Christopher Ernst Friedrich Weyse (68) dies in Copenhagen

13

  • Antonio Pasculli born (Palermo) Italian composer, oboist. Died 1924
  • Adolphe Adam’s opera Le roi d’Yvetôt [The King of Yvetôt] premiered in Paris, lib. A. de Leuven and L. Lhérie

18

  • Emanuel Wirth born (Žlutice, Czech Rep) German violinist, teacher. Died 1923

20

  • Richard Wagner’s opera Rienzi, der Letzte der Tribunen [Rienzi, the Last of the Tribunes] premiered in Dresden, lib. Wagner

26

  • Hugo Alpen born (Kellinghusen, Germany) German composer, choral conductor, teacher. Died 1917

unk

  • Louis Spohr’s Piano Trio No.3 op.124 completed

Nov 1842

2

  • Charles Gounod’s Messe de Requiem for chorus and orchestra premiered in Vienna

3

  • Franz Clement (61) dies in Vienna

Dec 1842

9

  • Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka’s opera Ruslan i Lyudmila op.5 [Ruslan and Lyudmila] premiered in St Petersburg, lib. V.F. Shirkov

10

  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera La fidanzata corsa [The fiancée race] premiered in Naples, lib. S. Cammarano

16

  • Johann Friedrich Rochlitz (73) dies in Leipzig

18

  • Giuseppe Nicolini (80) dies in Piacenza

25

  • Bedrich Diviš Weber (76) dies in Prague

28

  • Calixa Lavallée born (Verchères, Quebec) Canadian composer, army officer, choirmaster. Died 1891

31

  • Albert Lortzing’s opera Der Wildschütz [the poacher] premiered in Leipzig. Lib. Lortzing

unk

  • Hector Berlioz begins a six month tour of Germany

1842 (date unknown)

  • Henry Bishop knighted, the first musician to receive the honour
  • Alexandre Dubain invents the harmonium in Paris
  • The Vienna Philharmonic founded by Carl Otto Nicolai

publications

  • William Sterndale Bennett’s Six Songs op.23 & Suite de pièces op.24 for piano published in London and Leipzig
  • William Sterndale Bennett’s Rondo piacevole op.25 for piano published in London
  • Charles de Bériot’s Concerto No. 3 in E minor op.44 published
  • Frédéric Chopin’s 3 mazurkas op.50 for piano published in Vienna, Paris and London
  • Gaetano Donizetti’s Inspirations viennoises (5 songs and 2 duets) published in Naples, London and Milan
  • Louise Farrenc’s Symphony No.1 op.32 completed
  • Niels Wilhelm Gade’s Sonata No. 1 in A major op.6 published
  • Heinrich August Marschner’s song collection Klänge aus Osten op.109 & Humoresken, komische Lieder im Volkston op.112 (6 songs) published in Leipzig
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Psalm xcv op.46 for voice, chorus and orchestra published in Leipzig
  • Carl Otto Nicolai’s 6 Lieder und Gesänge op.7 for baritone and piano published in Berlin
  • Jacques Offenbach’s 6 fables de Lafontaine & Musette, Air de ballet du 17ème siècle, op.24 for cello and strings published in Paris
  • Robert Schumann’s Sechs Lieder op.33; Sechs Gedichte op.35; Liederkreis op.39 (12 songs) & Fünf Lieder op.40 published
  • Louis Spohr’s Symphony no.6 op.116 ‘Historische Symphonie im Styl und Geschmack vier verschiedener Zeitabschnitte’ published in Vienna & 6 Lieder op.120 published in Kassel
  • Louis Spohr’s Piano trio op.119 & Symphony no.7 op.121 ‘Irdisches und Göttliches im Menschenleben’ published in Hamburg

Charles Auguste de Bériot 1802-70

Jan 1843

2

  • Richard Wagner’s opera Der fliegende Holländer [The Flying Dutchman] premiered in Dresden, lib. Wagner

3

  • Gaetano Donizetti’s opera Don Pasquale premiered in Paris, lib. G. Ruffini and Donizetti

16

  • Daniel Auber’s opera La part du diable [From the devil] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe

Feb 1843

2

  • Saverio Mercadante’s opera Il reggente [the regent] premiered in Turin, lib. S. Cammarano
  • Richard Wagner appointed music director of the Saxon Königlich Hoftheater in Dresden

6

  • The Virginia Minstrels make their debut at the Bowery Ampitheatre, New York. Dan Emmett (vln, vo) Joel Sweeney, Billy Whitlock (bjo, vo) Richard Pelham (perc, vo)

10

  • Adelina Patti born (Madrid) Franco-Italian soprano singer. Died 1919

11

  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera Maria, regina d’Inghilterra [Mary Queen of England] premiered in Palermo, lib. L. Tarantini
  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera I Lombardi alla prima crociata [The Lombards on the First Crusade] premiered in Milan, lib. T. Solera

14

  • Louis Diémer born (Paris) French pianist, composer. Died 1919

20

  • Heinrich August Marschner’s pageant Festspiel zur Feier der Vermählung des Kronprinzen von Hannover und der Prinzessin Marie von Altenburg [Festival to celebrate the marriage of Crown Prince of Hanover and Princess Marie of Altenburg] premiered in Hanover

22

  • Anna Deinet born (Frankfurt) German soprano singer. Died 1919

23

  • Louise Farrenc’s Symphony No.1 in C minor op.32 premiered in Brussels

28

  • Giacomo Meyerbeer’s masque Das Hoffest von Ferrara []The court festival of Ferrara premiered in Berlin, lib. E. Raupach

publications

  • Frédéric Chopin’s Impromptu in G op.51 for piano published in Leipzig, Paris and London

Mar 1843

2

  • Niels Wilhelm Gade’s Symphony No. 1 op.5 premiered in Leipzig

6

  • Arthur Napoleão dos Santos born (Porto) Portuguese composer, pianist, publisher. Died 1925

15

  • Fromental Halévy’s opera Charles VI premiered in Paris. Lib. Jean-François-Casimir Delavigne and Germain Delavigne

16

  • Louis Gregh born (Skikda, Algeria) French composer, publisher. Died 1915

27

  • Ferdinand David appointed professor at the Leipzig Conservatory

Apr 1843

3

  • The new Conservatory in Leipzig founded by Felix Mendelssohn is inaugurated

4

  • Hans Richter born (Raab, Austria) Austrian conductor. Died 1916

8

  • Asger Hamerik born (Frederiksburg, Denmark) Danish composer, conductor. Died 1923

14

  • Josef Lanner (42) dies in Vienna of typhoid

20

  • Michael William Balfe’s opera Le Puits d’amour [The Well of Love] aka Geraldine premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe and A. de Leuven (trans. G. Soane)

21

  • The original line-up of the Virginia Minstrels breaks up

23

  • Wilhelm Friedrich Ernst Bach, aged 83, attends the dedication of the Bach monument in Leipzig

May 1843

2

  • Karl Michael Ziehrer born (Vienna) Austrian composer, conductor. Died 1922

10

  • Ambroise Thomas’ opera Angélique et Médor premiered in Paris. Lib. Thomas-Marie-François Sauvage

12

  • Johann Georg Lickl (74) dies in Pécs, Hungary

20

  • Miguel Marqués born (Palma de Mallorca, Spain) Catalan composer, violinist. Died 1918

29

  • Emile Pessard born (Paris) French composer, teacher, critic. Died 1917

Jun 1843

5

  • Gaetano Donizetti’s opera Maria di Rohan premiered in Vienna, lib. S. Cammarano

7

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s cantata Gott segne Sachsenland [God bless Saxony], lib. S.A. Mahlmann, premiered in Leipzig

10

  • Heinrich von Herzogenberg born (Graz, Austria) Austrian composer, conductor. Died 1900

13

  • Adolf Neuendorff born (Hamburg) German composer, conductor, director, pianist, theatre manager. Died 1897

15

  • Edvard Grieg born (Bergen) Norwegian composer, pianist. Died 1907

16

  • David Popper born (Prague) Czech composer, cellist. Died 1913

19

  • Charles-Edouard Lefebvre born (Paris) French composer, teacher. Died 1917
  • The Virginia Minstrels play their first London show. Dan Emmett, Frank Bower, William M.Whitlock & Richard W.Pelham

20

  • Fyodor Stravinsky born (Nizhyn, Ukraine) Russian bass singer, actor. Father of Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971). Died 1902

Jul 1843

6

  • Richard Wagner’s choral work Das Liebesmahl der Apostel [The Love Feast of the Apostles] premiered in Dresden

Aug 1843

4

  • Flor van Duyse born (Ghent, Belgium) Belgian composer, musicologist, lawyer. Died 1910

5

  • James Scott Skinner born (Banchory, Scotland) Scottish folk violinist, dancing master, composer. Died 1927

6

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Herr Gott, dich loben wir [Lord God, we praise you] for voice and double chorus premiered in Berlin

18

  • The Linden Opera House in Berlin is destroyed by fire

19

  • Robert Schumann’s Andante and Variations for piano premiered in Leipzig

20

  • Christina Nilsson born (Sjöabol, Sweden) Swedish soprano singer. Died 1921

Sep 1843

4

  • Ján Levoslav Bella born (Liptovský Mikuláš, Slovakia) Slovak composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1936

9

  • Romain-Octave Pelletier I born (Montreal) Canadian keyboard player, composer, teacher, writer. Father of Frédéric (1870-1944) and Romain (1875-1953) Pelletier. Died 1927

14

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera Lambert Simnel premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe and A.-H.-J. Duveyrier

19

  • Anton Bruckner’s An dem Feste for 4 voices premiered in Enns, Austria

Oct 1843

10

  • Ambroise Thomas’ opera Mina premiered in Paris. Lib. François-Antonine-Eugène de Planard

Nov 1843

10

  • Gialdino Gialdini born (Pescia, Italy) Italian composer, conductor. Died 1919

13

  • Gaetano Donizetti’s opera Dom Sébastien, roi de Portugal [Dom Sebastian, king of Portugal] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe

18

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Cello Sonata no.2 op.58 premiered in Leipzig

22

  • Clara Novello marries Count Gigliucci in Rome

27

  • Michael Balfe’s opera The Bohemian Girl premiered in London, lib. A. Bunn

28

  • Émile Bernard born (Marseille) French composer, organist. Died 1902
  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera Medea premiered in Palermo, lib. B. Castiglia

unk

  • Ole Bull arrives in the USA for a concert tour

Dec 1843

1

  • Friedrich von Flotow’s opera L’esclave de Carmoëns [The slave Carmoëns] premiered in Paris, lib. J.H. Vernoy de Saint-Georges
  • César Franck’s Deuxième Duo sur le Quatuor de “Lucille” de Grétry op.17 [The second Duo Quartet “Lucille” Grétry] premiered in Liège

2

  • Franz Berwald’s opera Jag går i kloster [I enter a monastery], lib. Herman Sätherberg and Berwald, & Symphony No.1 in G minor, Sinfonia serieuse premiered in Stockholm

3

  • Franz Xaver Neruda born (Brno) Czech cellist, composer. Died 1915

4

  • Robert Schumann’s Das Paradies und die Peri op.50 [Paradise and the Peri] for chorus and orchestra premiered in Leipzig

13

  • George Stephanescu born (Bucharest) Romanian composer, conductor, singing teacher. Died 1925
  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera Luisetta premiered in Naples, lib. L. Tarantini

22

  • Julius Bechgaard born (Copenhagen) Danish composer. Died 1917

24

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Psalm ii op.78/1 for voice and chorus & Frohlocket, ihr Völker op.79/1 [Rejoice, O ye nations] for double chorus premiered in Berlin

31

  • Edward Bunting (70) dies in Dublin

1843 (date unknown)

  • Hans Christian Lumbye appointed music director at the Tivoli Gardens, Copenhagen (retired in 1872)

publications

  • Hector Berlioz’s Grande symphonie funèbre et triomphale op.15 published in Paris
  • Ole Bull’s Adagio religioso op.1 for violin and orchestra; Nocturne op.2 for violin and piano or orchestra & Fantaisie et variations de bravoure sur un thème de Bellini op.3 for violin and orchestra published in Hamburg and Leipzig
  • Frédéric Chopin’s Ballade in f op.52 for piano; 2 Polonaises op.53 for piano & Scherzo in E op.54 for piano published in Leipzig and Paris
  • César Franck’s 3 trios concertants for piano, violin and cello published in Paris, Hamburg and Leipzig & Quatrième trio concertant for piano, violin and cello published in Hamburg and Leipzig
  • Heinrich August Marschner’s Piano trio op.121 published in Leipzig
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Sechs Lieder op.57; Cello Sonata no.2 op.58 & Sechs Lieder op.59 published in Leipzig
  • The first volume of twelve of Stanislaw Moniuszko’s Śpiewnik domowy (Songbooks for Home Use) published – the last appears posthumously in 1910
  • Robert Schumann’s Frauenliebe und -leben op.42 (8 songs); Quintet in E op.44 for piano and strings & Romanzen und Balladen I op.45 (3 songs) published
  • Louis Spohr’s Piano trio op.123 & Piano trio op.124 published in Hamburg & Piano sonata op.125 published in Vienna
  • Johann Strauss I’s Lorelei Rhein Klänge op. 154 Echoes of the Rhine Loreley published in Vienna
  • Pauline Viardot’s songbooks Album de Mme Viardot-Garcia & L’Oiseau d’or published

Songs published 

  • Old Dan Tucker (Dan Emmett)

Pauline Viardot 1821-1910

Jan 1844

1

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Herr Gott, du bist unsre Zuflucht op.79/2 [Lord, thou hast been our refuge] for double chorus & Psalm xcviii op.91 for voice, double chorus, organ and orchestra premiered in Berlin

9

  • Julián Gayarre born (Roncal, Spain) Spanish tenor singer. Died 1890

14

  • Clara Kathleen Rogers born (Cheltenham) English composer, soprano singer, writer, teacher. Died 1931

18

  • Gaetano Donizetti’s opera Caterina Cornaro premiered in Naples, lib. G. Sacchèro

27

  • Ferenc Erkel’s opera Hunyadi László premiered in Budapest, lib. B. Egressy

30

  • John Addison (c.78) dies in London

Feb 1844

3

  • Hector Berlioz’s overture Le carnaval romain [Roman carnival] premiered in Paris
  • Carl Otto Nicolai’s opera Die Heimkehr des Verbannten [The return of the exiles], lib. Siegfried Kappler, premiered in Vienna

5

  • Lothar Kempter born (Lauingen, Germany) German-Swiss composer, conductor. Died 1918

8

  • Jan Kalivoda’s Introduction and variations for clarinet and orchestra op.128 premiered in Leipzig

10

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera Cagliostro premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe and J.-H. Vernoy de Saint-Georges

21

  • Charles-Marie Widor born (Lyon) French composer, organist, teacher. Died 1937
  • Friedrich von Flotow, R. Burgmüller & E. Deldevez’s ballet Lady Harriette premiered in Paris

27

  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera L’ebrea [The Jew] premiered in Milan, lib. G. Sacchèro

Mar 1844

3

  • Hugo Heermann born (Heilbronn, Germany) German violinist, conductor, teacher. Died 1935

8

  • Georg Wilhelm Rauchenecker born (Munich) German conductor, composer, violinist. Died 1906

9

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Ernani premiered in Venice, lib. F.M. Piave

10

  • Pablo de Sarasate born (Pamplona, Spain) Spanish composer, violinist. Died 1908

11

  • Gioachino Rossini’s cantata Santo Genio dell’Italia terra [Genius in Italy the Holy land] premiered in Turin, lib. G. Marchetti

12

  • Harriett Everard née Woolams born (London) English stage singer, actress. Died 1882

18

  • Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (Tikhvin, Russia) Russian composer, teacher, music editor. One of the group of five composers alongside Mily Balakirev, César Cui, Modest Mussorgsky and Alexander Borodin. Died 1908

23

  • Eugène Gigout (Nancy) French composer, organist. Died 1925
  • Fromental Halévy’s opera Le lazzarone [the rascals], lib. Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges, premiered in Paris

26

  • Daniel Auber’s opera La sirène [the siren] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe

28

  • Emma Howson born (Hobart, Tasmania) Australian soprano singer, actress. Died 1928

29

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Psalm xxii op.78/3 for voice and chorus & Um unsrer Sünden op.79/6 [For our sins] for double chorus premiered in Berlin

Apr 1844

6

  • Francis Johnson (51) dies in Philadelphia

9

  • William Sterndale Bennett marries Mary Wood in London

13

  • Jan Hřímalý born (Plzeň, Czech Rep) Czech violinist, teacher. Died 1915

22

  • Henri Montan Berton (76) dies in Paris
  • Julius Benedict’s opera The Brides of Venice premiered in London. Lib. Alfred Bunn and Benedict

29

  • Fabio Campana’s opera Luisa di Francia, lib. Francesco Guidi, premiered in Rome

30

  • Richard Hofmann born (Delitzsch, Germany) German composer, teacher, violinist. Died 1918

May 1844

3

  • Richard D’Oyly Carte born (London) English theatrical impresario, talent agent, hotelier. Founder of the D’Oyly Carte Opera Company (1878) and the Savoy Theatre (1881). Died 1901

21

  • Giuseppe Baini (68) dies in Rome

28

  • Léon Vasseur born (Bapaume, France) French composer, organist, conductor. Died 1917

Jun 1844

3

  • Émile Paladilhe born (Montpellier, France) French composer, pianist. Died 1926

20

  • Michael Costa’s opera Don Carlos premiered in London. Lib. Leopoldo Tarantini

25

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Variations in B flat op.83a for 2 pianos premiered in London

unk

  • Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka sets out for Paris for a ten month stay

Jul 1844

10

  • Amalie Materna born (Salzburg) Austrian soprano singer. Died 1918

13

  • Johann Baptist Gänsbacher (66) dies in Vienna

29

  • Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart (53) dies in Karlovy Vary, Czech Rep of stomach cancer
  • Michael William Balfe’s opera Les Quatre fils Aymon aka The Castle of Aymon premiered in Paris, lib. L. Lhérie and A. de Leuven (trans. E. Fitzball)

Aug 1844

1

  • Hector Berlioz’s Hymne à la France for chorus and orchestra premiered in Paris

4

  • Henri Berger born (Berlin) German composer, bandmaster, founder of the Honolulu Symphony (1900). Died 1929

12

  • Richard Wagner’s Gruss seiner Treuen an Friedrich August den Geliebten [Greeting his faithful to the beloved Friedrich August] for chopir and orchestra premiered in Dresden

Sep 1844

2

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Denn er hat seinen Engeln befohlen über dir [For He shall give his angels charge over thee] for double chorus premiered in Berlin

4

  • Oliver Holden (78) dies in Boston, MA

11

  • George Clement Martin born (Lambourn, Berkshire) English organist, composer. Organist at St Paul’s cathedral, London, from 1888. Died 1916

16

  • Paul Taffanel born (Bordeaux) French flautist, conductor, teacher. Died 1908

Oct 1844

7

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera Richard en Palestine premiered in Paris, lib. P.H.L. Foucher

13

  • Alexei Lvov’s opera Bianca und Gualtiero premiered in Dresden. Lib. xx

15

  • Johann Strauss II makes his concert debut at Dommayer’s Casino in Hietzing, Vienna. Waltzes Sinngedichte op. 1 Epigrams & Gunstwerber op. 4 Favour Solicitor, quadrille Debut-Quadrille op. 2 & the polka Herzenslust op. 3 Heart’s Content all premiered

26

  • Richard Corney Grain born (Teversham, Cambridgeshire) English singer, songwriter, actor, vaudevillian. Died 1895

Nov 1844

3

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera I due Foscari premiered in Rome, lib. F.M. Piave

4

  • Edward Dannreuther born (Strasbourg) Anglo-German pianist, writer, critic, teacher. Died 1905

12

  • Simon Sechter’s opera Ali Hitsch-Hatsch premiered in Vienna. Lib. T. Heiter

20

  • Gioachino Rossini’s Stabat mater for chorus and orchestra (third version) premiered in Paris

21

  • Michael William Balfe’s opera Pittore e duca [Painter and Duke] aka Moro, the Painter of Antwerp premiered in Trieste. Lib. Francesco Maria Piave

27

  • Michael William Balfe’s opera The Daughter of St. Mark premiered in London, lib. A. Bunn

Dec 1844

1

  • Alfred Cellier born (London) English composer, organist, conductor. Brother of François Cellier (1849-1914). Died 1891

4

  • Heinrich Proch’s opera Ring und Maske premiered in Vienna. lib. Proch

5

  • Frederick Bridge born (Oldbury, Worcs) English composer, conductor, organist, writer. Organist at Westminster Abbey 1875-1918. Died 1924
  • Otto Lindblad’s Swedish Royal Anthem Kungssången [Royal Anthem] premiered in Stockholm
  • Saverio Mercadante’s opera Leonora premiered in Naples, lib. M. d’Arienzo

7

  • Giacomo Meyerbeer’s opera Ein Feldlager in Schlesien [A field camp in Silesia] premiered in Berlin, lib. E. Scribe, L. Rellstab and C. Birch-Pfeiffer

9

  • Arthur Williams born (London) English actor, singer, playwright. Died 1915
  • Franz Seraph von Destouches (72) dies in Munich

15

  • Richard Wagner’s An Webers Grabe [Weber’s grave] for chorus premiered in Dresden

30

  • Friedrich von Flotow’s opera Alessandro Stradella premiered in Hamburg, lib. Friedrich

1844 (date unknown)

publications

  • Charles-Valentin Alkan’s Le preux op.17 & Lechemin de fer op.27 published in Paris
  • Hector Berlioz’s Treatise on Instrumentation (Grand Traité d’Instrumentation et d’Orchestration Modernes) published
  • Hector Berlioz’s Le carnaval romain, ouverture caractéristique op.9 published in Paris
  • Frédéric Chopin’s 2 nocturnes op.55 for piano & 3 mazurkas op.56 for piano published in Leipzig and Paris
  • César Franck’s 1er duo for piano and violin; 1re grande fantaisie: sur des motifs de Gulistan de Dalayrac for piano; 2e fantaisie: sur l’air et le virelay ‘Le pont du jour’ de Gulistan de Dalayrac for piano & Andantino quietoso for piano and violin published Paris
  • Jan Kalivoda’s First grand trio concertante in F minor for piano forte, violin & violoncello, op. 121 published in Dresden
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Lieder ohne Worte V op.62 for piano (6 pieces) published in Bonn & Sechs zweistimmige Lieder op.63 published in Leipzig
  • Saverio Mercadante’s Sinfonia su motivi dello Stabat Mater di Rossini published in Milan
  • Mihály Mosonyi’s Symphony No.1 premiered in Budapest
  • Jacques Offenbach’s Deux âmes au ciel, élégie, op.25 for cello and piano published in Paris
  • Clara Schumann’s Sechs Lieder op.13 published in Leipzig
  • Robert Schumann’s Drei zweistimmige Lieder op.43; Andante and variations op.46 for 2 pianos; Dichterliebe op.48 (16 songs) & Romanzen und Balladen II op.49 (3 songs) published
  • Adrien-François Servais’s Fantaisie et Variations brillantes sur la Valse de Schubert, intitulée Le Désir, op.4 published in London
  • Louis Spohr’s 6 Duettinen op.127 for violin and piano published in Hamburg
  • Johann Strauss II’s waltzes Sinngedichte & Gunstwerber premiered in Vienna
  • Henri Vieuxtemps’s Violin Concerto No. 3 Op.25 published

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