1845-49

<1840-18441850-1851>

Jan 1845

1

  • Louis Spohr’s opera Die Kreuzfahrer [the Crusaders] premiered in Kassel, lib. Louis and M. Spohr

5

  • Heinrich August Marschner’s opera Kaiser Adolph von Nassau premiered in Dresden, lib. H. Rau

8

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Hear my prayer for soprano, chorus and organ premiered in London

14

  • Nicola Vaccai’s opera Virginia premiered in Rome. Lib. Camillo Giuliani

19

  • Hector Berlioz’s overture Le corsaire [the corsair] premiered in Paris

Feb 1845

3

  • Frederick Niecks born (Düsseldorf) German-Scottish musicologist, teacher, biographer, viola player. Died 1924

15

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Giovanna d’Arco [Joan of Arc] premiered in Milan, lib. T. Solera

25

  • Eugène Goossens, père born (Bruges) Anglo-Belgian conductor. Father of Eugène Goossens, fils (1867-1958). Died 1906

28

  • Emilio Arrieta’s opera Ildegonda premiered in Milan. Lib. Temistocle Solera

Mar 1845

4

  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera Lorenzino de’ Medici premiered in Venice, lib. F.M. Piave

5

  • Alphonse Hasselmans born (Liège, Belgium) Belgian composer, harpist, teacher. Died 1912

6

  • Saverio Mercadante’s opera Il Vascello de Gama [Vasco da Gama] premiered in Naples, lib. S. Cammarano

7

  • Edward Lloyd born (London) English tenor singer. Died 1927

13

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Violin Concerto op.64 ‘Scottish’ premiered in Leipzig

14

  • August Bungert born (Mülheim, Germany) German composer, poet. Died 1915

Apr 1845

2

  • César Franck’s Solo de piano avec accompagnement de quintette op.10 premiered in Paris
  • Louis Moreau Gottschalk plays his first European solo piano concert in Paris

21

  • Albert Lortzing’s opera Undine premiered in Magdeburg. Lib. Lortzing

22

  • Daniel Auber’s opera La barcarolle premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe

May 1845

1

  • Albert Lortzing leaves his position as conductor at the Städtisches Hoftheater in Leipzig

4

  • Michael Balfe’s opera The Enchantress premiered in London, lib. A. Bunn

11

  • Carl Filtsch (14) dies in Venice of an unknown illness

12

  • Gabriel Fauré born (Pamiers, France) French composer, organist, pianist, teacher. Died 1924

18

  • Wilhelm Gericke born (Vienna) Austrian conductor, composer, violinist. Died 1925

unk

  • Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka sets out for Spain for a two year stay

Jun 1845

4

  • William Henry Fry’s opera Leonora premiered in Philadelphia. Lib. xx

7

  • Leopold Auer born (Veszprém, Hungary) Hungarian violinist, composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1930

18

  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera Bondelmonte premiered in Florence, lib. S. Cammarano

30

  • Italo Campanini born (Parma) Italian tenor singer. Brother of Cleofonte Campanini (1860-1919). Died 1896

Jul 1845

2

  • Rosina Brandram née Moult born (London) English contralto singer, actress. Died 1907

6

  • Ángela Peralta born (Mexico City) Mexican soprano singer. Died 1883

16

  • César Franck’s Premier Duo sur le “God Save the King” op.4 premiered in Paris

20

  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Sträußchen op. 15 Bouquets premiered in Vienna

28

  • François René Gebauer (72) dies in Paris

Aug 1845

11

  • Adolphe Adam’s ballet Le Diable à Quatre [The Devil at Four] premiered in Paris

12

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Alzira premiered in Naples, lib. S. Cammarano

13

  • Franz Liszt’s Festkantate zur Enthüllung des Beethovens-Denkmals in Bonn [Festival cantata for the unveiling of the Beethoven Monument in Bonn] for chorus and orchestra premiered in Bonn

17

  • Charles King Hall born (London) English composer, organist, teacher. Died 1895

Sep 1845

21

  • August Wilhelmj born (Usingen, Germany) German violinist, teacher. Died 1908

27

  • Adolphe Adam’s ballet The Marble Maiden premiered in London

unk

  • Louis Spohr’s Piano Quintet op.130 completed

publications

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Six sonatas op.65 for organ published in Leipzig

Oct 1845

7

  • Isabella Colbran (60) dies in Bologna

8

  • Salomon Kalischer born (Toruń, Poland) German composer, pianist, physicist, teacher. Died 1924

10

  • Anton Jörgen Andersen born (Kristiansand, Norway) Norwegian composer, cellist, teacher. Died 1926

19

  • Richard Wagner’s opera Tannhäuser und der Sängerkrieg auf Wartburg [Tannhäuser and the Singers’ Contest at Wartburg] premiered in Dresden, lib. Wagner (first version)

26

  • Carolina Oliphant (79) dies in Gask, Perthshire
Richard Wagner 1813-1883

Richard Wagner 1813-1883

Nov 1845

1

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s incidental music for Sophocles’s play Oedipus at Colonus op.93 premiered in Potsdam

2

  • Chrétien Urhan (55) dies in Belleville, France

6

  • Beniamino Cesi born (Naples) Italian pianist, teacher. Died 1907

12

  • Therese Vogl née Thoma born (Tutzing, Germany) German soprano singer. Died 1921

15

  • William Vincent Wallace’s opera Maritana premiered in London. Lib. Edward Fitzball

24

  • Nina Hagerup (Grieg) born (Bergen) Norwegian soprano singer, pianist. Wife of Edvard Grieg (1843-1907). Died 1935

Dec 1845

1

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s incidental music for J. Racine’s play Athalie op.74 premiered in Berlin

2

  • Johann Simon Mayr (82) dies in Bergamo

11

  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera Stella di Napoli premiered in Naples, lib. S. Cammarano

17

  • Michael William Balfe’s opera L’Étoile de Séville [the stars of Seville] premiered in Paris, lib. H. Lucas

25

  • Wilhelm Friedrich Ernst Bach (86) dies in Berlin

1845 (date unknown)

  • William Sterndale Bennett’s Chamber Trio op.26 for piano, violin and cello published in London and Leipzig
  • Charles de Bériot’s Concerto No. 5 in D major op.55 published
  • Hector Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique op.14 published in Paris
  • Frédéric Chopin’s Berceuse in D op.57 for piano & Sonata in b op.58 for piano published in Leipzig, Paris and London & 3 mazurkas op.59 for piano published in Berlin and London
  • Félicien David’s Pensée; L’absence & Andante for piano published in Paris
  • Jan Kalivoda’s Second grand trio in B, op. 130 & Symphony No. 6 in F major op. 132 published in Leipzig
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Lieder ohne Worte VI op.67 for piano (6 pieces) published in Bonn
  • Carl Otto Nicolai’s Kirchliche Fest-Ouvertüre op.31 4 voices, organ and orchestra published in Leipzig & Stammbuch-Blätter, 12 Lieder und Gesänge op.34 for 1 or 2 voices and piano published in Vienna
  • Clara Schumann’s Deuxième scherzo op.14 for piano; Quatre pièces fugitives op.15 for piano & Drei Präludien und Fugen op.16 for piano published in Leipzig
  • Robert Schumann’s Quartet in E op.47 for piano and strings; Romanzen und Balladen III op.53 (3 songs) & Studien für den Pedal-Flügel op.56 for piano (6 pieces) published
  • Louis Spohr’s Fantasia on themes by Handel and Vogler op.118 for violin and harp or piano published in Hamburg

Félicien David 1810-76

Jan 1846

1

  • Robert Schumann’s Piano Concerto op.54 premiered in Leipzig

4

  • César Franck’s oratorio Ruth premiered in Paris

8

  • Henry Bracy aka Samuel Dunn born (Maesteg, Wales) Welsh tenor singer, actor, stage manager. Died 1917

18

  • Karel Miry’s opera Wit en zwart [White and Black], lib. Hippoliet van Peene, premiered in Ghent

Feb 1846

3

  • Joseph Weigl (79) dies in Vienna
  • Fromental Halévy’s opera Les mousquetaires de la reine [the Queen’s musketeers], lib. Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges, premiered in Paris

7

  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera La regina di Cipro [the Queen of Cyprus] premiered in Turin, lib. F. Guidi

16

  • Betty Fibichová née Hanušová born (Jilemnice, Czech Rep) Czech contralto singer. Wife of Zdeněk Fibich (1850-1900). Died 1901

18

  • William Hawes (60) dies in London

22

  • Ella Adayevskaya aka Elizaveta von Schultz born (St Petersburg) Russian composer, pianist, musicologist. Died 1926
  • Carel Anton Fodor (77) dies in Amsterdam

24

  • Luigi Denza born (Castellammare di Stabia, Italy) Italian composer, teacher. Died 1922

26

  • Julius Benedict’s opera The Crusaders premiered in London. Lib. Alfred Bunn

27

  • Joaquín Valverde Durán born (Badajoz, Spain) Spanish composer, conductor, flautist. Died 1910

Mar 1846

2

  • Marie Roze aka Maria Hippolyte Ponsin born (Paris) French soprano singer, singing teacher. Died 1926
  • Richard Temple born (London) English bass-baritone singer, actor, director. Died 1912

3

  • Jules Perrot and Cesare Pugni’s ballet Catarina or La Fille du Bandit [the bandit’s daughter] premiered in London

17

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Attila premiered in Venice, lib. T. Solera

20

  • Jane Mary Guest (c.83) dies in London

Apr 1846

1

  • Édouard Deldevez’s ballet Paquita premiered in Paris

2

  • Albert Périlhou born (Dauzaman, France) French composer, organist, pianist. Died 1936

4

  • Louis Schindelmeisser’s opera Der Rächer [the Avenger], lib. Otto Prechtler, premiered in Budapest

7

  • Franz Ries born (Berlin) German violinist, composer, music publisher. Son of Hubert Ries (1802-86). Died 1932

9

  • Paolo Tosti born (Ortona a Mare, Italy) Anglo-Italian composer, teacher. Died 1916

16

  • Domenico Dragonetti (83) dies in London

24

  • Girolamo Crescentini (84) dies in Naples

27

  • Christy’s Minstrels play their first show at Palmo’s Opera House in New York. Edwin Pearce Christy, Christy George Harrington, Thomas Vaughn and Lansing Durand

30

  • Karl Piutti born (Elgersburg, Germany) German composer, organist, teacher. Died 1902

May 1846

2

  • Zygmunt Noskowski born (Warsaw) Polish composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1909

3

  • Louise Farrenc’s Symphony No.2 in D major op.35 premiered in Paris

4

  • Federico Chueca born (Madrid) Spanish zarzuela composer. Died 1908

6

  • Camille Saint-Saëns plays his first public piano concert in Paris, aged 10

12

  • Johan Peter Emilius Hartmann’s opera Liden Kirsten [Little Kirsten] premiered in Copenhagen, lib. Hans Christian Andersen

15

  • François Bazin’s opera Le Trompette de Monsieur le Prince [Mr Prince’s trumpet], lib. Anne-Honoré-Joseph Duveyrier, premiered in Paris

17

  • Alice Barnett born (London) English contralto singer, actress. Died 1901

22

  • Francis Hueffer born (Münster) Anglo-German writer, critic, librettist. Music critic of The Times 1878-89. Died 1889

30

  • Albert Lortzing’s opera Der Waffenschmied [The Gunsmith], lib. Lortzing, premiered in Vienna

unk

  • Louis Spohr’s Piano Trio No.4 op.133 completed

Jun 1846

3

  • Auguste Mermet’s opera Le Roi David [King David], lib. Mermet, premiered in Paris

11

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Lauda Sion op.73 for voice, chorus and orchestra premiered in Liège

12

  • Karl Traugott Queisser (46) dies in Leipzig

14

  • Hector Berlioz’s Le chant des chemins de fer [The song of the railways] for tenor, chorus and orchestra premiered in Lille

28

  • Adolphe Sax receives patent for the saxophone

29

  • Friedrich von Flotow’s opera L’âme en peine [The Soul in pain] premiered in Paris, lib. J.H. Vernoy de Saint-Georges

30

  • Riccardo Drigo born (Padua) Italian ballet and opera composer, conductor, pianist. Died 1930

unk

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s cantata An die Künstler [To Artists] op.68, lib. F. von Schiller, premiered in Cologne

Jul 1846

2

  • Rosina Brandram born (London) English contralto singer, actress. Died 1907

3

  • Achilles Alferaki born (Kharkov, Ukraine) Russian composer, politician. Died 1919

10

  • Ambroise Thomas’ ballet Betty premiered in Paris

23

  • Christian Heinrich Rinck (76) dies in Darmstadt
  • Gioachino Rossini’s Su fratelli, letizia si canti [for brothers, songs of joy] for chorus and orchestra premiered in Bologna

24

  • Joseph Leopold Eybler (81) dies in Vienna

29

  • Sophie Menter born (Munich) German pianist, composer, teacher. Died 1918

Aug 1846

16

  • Gioachino Rossini marries artists’ model Olympe Pélissier (1799-1878) in Bologna

17

  • Marie Jaëll aka Trautmann born (Steinsettz, France) French composer, pianist, teacher. Died 1925

26

  • Peter Joseph von Lindpaintner’s opera Lichtenstein premiered in Stuttgart. Lib. Franz Dingelstedt
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s oratorio Elijah op.70, lib. J. Schubring, premiered in Birmingham

Sep 1846

14

  • Carl Almenräder (59) dies in Wiesbaden

Oct 1846

29

  • George W Johnson born (Fluvanna County or Loudoun County, VA) (official date) American singer, early phonograph star. Died 1914

Nov 1846

1

  • Franz Anton Ries (90) dies in Bonn

5

  • Robert Schumann’s Symphony no.2 op.61 premiered in Leipzig

7

  • Ignaz Brüll born (Prostějov, Czech Rep) Austrian composer, pianist. Died 1907

10

  • Saverio Mercadante’s opera Orazi e Curiazi premiered in Naples, lib. S. Cammarano

23

  • Ernst von Schuch born (Graz) Austrian conductor. Died 1914

30

  • Maria Severa Onofriana (26) dies in Lisbon of tuberculosis
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Te Deum in A for voice, chorus and organ premiered in London

Dec 1846

5

  • Heinrich Proch’s opera Die Blutrache [The vendetta], lib. Proch, premiered in Vienna

6

  • Hector Berlioz’s opera La damnation de Faust premiered in Paris. Lib. Berlioz, Almire Gandonnière and Gérard Labrunie

8

  • Franz Schubert’s Deutsche Messe D872 for choir and orchestra premiered posthumously in Vienna

11

  • Michael William Balfe’s opera The Bondman premiered in London, lib. A. Bunn

22

  • Andreas Hallén born (Gothenburg) Swedish composer, teacher, conductor. Died 1925

24

  • George Power born (Dublin) Irish tenor singer, singing teacher. Died 1928

1846 (date unknown)

  • William Sterndale Bennett’s Sextet op.8 for flute, piano and string quartet & Scherzo op.27 for piano published in London and Leipzig & Introduzione e pastorale op.28 for piano published in London
  • Frédéric Chopin’s Barcarolle in F op.60 for piano; Polonaise-Fantasy in A op.61 for piano & 2 nocturnes op.62 for piano published in Leipzig, Paris and London
  • Félicien David’s 3 valses expressives for piano published in Paris
  • Charles-François Gounod’s Messe brève et salut op.1 published in Paris
  • Fanny Mendelssohn’s Allegro molto in C minor published
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Piano Trio no.2 op.66 published in Leipzig
  • Carl Otto Nicolai’s Pater noster op.33 for 8 voices published in Mainz & 3 études op.40 for piano published in Vienna
  • Jacques Offenbach’s Chants du crépuscule, op.29 (6 pieces for cello and piano) & Le langage des fleurs (6 songs) published in Paris
  • Robert Schumann’s Overture, Scherzo and Finale op.52 for orchestra; Piano Concerto op.54; 4 Skizzen für den Pedal-Flügel op.58 for piano 4 hands & Sechs Fugen über den Namen: Bach op.60 for piano or organ published
  • Louis Spohr’s Concert Overture ‘im ernsten Stil’ op.126 published in Leipzig; Violin concerto no.15 op.128 & Piano quintet op.130 published in Hamburg

Michael William Balfe 1808-70

Jan 1847

1

  • Rudolf Tillmetz born (Munich) German flautist, teacher, composer. Died 1911
  • Christian Heinrich Rinck (76) dies in Darmstadt
  • Gioachino Rossini’s Cantata in onore del Sommo Pontefice Pio Nono [cantata in honor of Pope Pius IX] premiered in Rome, lib. G. Marchetti

6

  • Tyāgarāja (79) dies in Tamil Nadu, India

15

  • Clara Schumann’s Trio for piano and strings op.17 premiered in Vienna

23

  • Leopold Wenzel born (Naples) Italian conductor, ballet composer, music director. Died 1923

Feb 1847

8

  • Johann Strauss II’s Explosions-Polka op. 43 premiered in Vienna

11

  • Thomas Alva Edison born (Milan, OH) American inventor, scientist, businessman. Holder of 1,093 US patents including the phonograph. Died 1931

15

  • Pierre-Émile Engel born (Paris) French tenor singer, singing teacher. Died 1927
  • Robert Fuchs born (Graz, Austria) Austrian composer, teacher. Brother of Johann Nepomuk Fuchs (1842-99). Died 1927
  • Christy’s Minstrels begin a seven year residency at New York’s Mechanics Hall

16

  • Philipp Scharwenka born (Samter, Poland) German composer, teacher. Brother of Xaver Scharwenka (1850-1924). Died 1917

17

  • Mathilde Mallinger aka Lichtenegger born (Zagreb) Croatian soprano singer, singing teacher. Died 1920

22

  • William Vincent Wallace’s opera Matilda of Hungary premiered in London. Lib. Alfred Bunn

28

  • The Großherzoglichen Hoftheater in Karlsruhe is destroyed by fire killing 63 people

unk

  • Franz Liszt meets Princess Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein in Kiev who persuades him to give up touring in order to concentrate on composition

Mar 1847

9

  • Axel Grandjean born (Copenhagen) Danish composer, conductor. Died 1932
  • Martin Pierre Marsick born (Liège) Belgian violinist, teacher, composer. Died 1924

14

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Macbeth premiered in Florence, lib. F.M. Piave and A. Maffei

18

  • Felix Mendelssohn conducts his last concert at the Leipzig Conservatory

19

  • Constantin Dimitrescu born (Blejoi, Romania) Romanian composer, teacher, cellist. Died 1928

20

  • Gavriil Musicescu born (Izmail, Ukraine) Romanian composer, conductor, musicologist, teacher. Father of Florica Musicescu (1887-1969). Died 1903

Apr 1847

1

  • Otto Nicolai leaves his position as conductor at the Burgtheater in Vienna

4

  • The Gran Teatre del Liceu opera house (arch. Miquel Garriga i Roca) opens in Barcelona

12

  • Felix Mendelssohn arrives in London for the last time

21

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Kücken’s opera Der Prätendent [the Pretender], lib. Carl Philipp Berger, premiered in Stuttgart

23

  • Erik Gustaf Geijer (64) dies in Stockholm

24

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta L’alcôve premiered in Paris, lib. P. Pittaud de Forges, A. de Leuven and E.-G. Roche

29

  • Joachim Andersen born (Copenhagen) Danish flautist, conductor, composer, teacher. Died 1909

May 1847

3

  • Isaac Nathan’s opera Don John of Austria, the first to be composed and produced in Australia, premiered in Sydney. Lib. Jacob Levi Montefiore

4

  • Jenny Lind makes her London debut in a performance of Giacomo Meyerbeer’s opera Robert le diable

8

  • Oscar Hammerstein I born (Szczecin, Poland) German-American composer, theatre and opera impresario, businessman. Grandfather of Oscar Hammerstein II (1895-1960). Died 1919

14

  • Fanny Mendelssohn (41) dies in Berlin following a stroke

18

  • François Bazin’s opera Le Malheur d’être jolie [The Misfortune of being pretty], lib. Charles-Henry-Étienne-Edmond Desnoyers de Biéville, premiered in Paris

31

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera La bouquetière [the flower girl] premiered in Paris, lib. H. Lucas

unk

  • Louis Spohr’s Fourth Double Quartet in G Minor op.136 completed
Jenny Lind 1820-1887

Jenny Lind 1820-1887

Jun 1847

11

  • Heinrich Bärmann (63) dies in Munich

22

  • Vilmos ‘Willi’ Thern born (Budapest) Hungarian pianist, teacher. Son of Károly Thern (1817-86), brother of Louis Thern (1848-1920). Died 1911

27

  • Karel Miry’s opera Brigitta premiered in Ghent. Lib. Hippoliet van Peene

28

  • Sveinbjörn Sveinbjörnsson born (Seltjarnarnes, Iceland) Icelandic composer, pianist. Wrote the music for the Icelandic National Anthem (words: Matthías Jochumsson). Died 1927

Jul 1847

1

  • Karl Heinrich Barth born (Baltiysk, Russia) German pianist, teacher. Died 1922

5

  • Agnes Zimmermann born (Cologne) German pianist, composer. Died 1925

14

  • Josip Kašman aka Giuseppe Kaschmann born (Mali Lošinj, Croatia) Croatian baritone singer. Died 1925

19

  • Johann Wilhelm Wilms (75) dies in Amsterdam

21

  • Víctor Mirecki Larramat born (Tarbes, France) French cellist, teacher. Died 1921

22

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera I masnadieri [The Robbers] premiered in London, lib. A. Maffei

23

  • Charles Edward Horn appointed music director of the Handel and Haydn Society of Boston, MA

Aug 1847

1

  • Richard Wagner’s opera Tannhäuser und der Sängerkrieg auf Wartburg [Tannhäuser and the Singers’ Contest at Wartburg] premiered in Dresden, lib. Wagner (second version)

9

  • Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka returns to Russia after more than three years away

22

  • Alexander Mackenzie born (Edinburgh) Scottish composer, conductor, teacher, violinist. Died 1935

25

  • Christy’s Minstrels play a benefit show for Stephen Foster in Cincinnati, OH

Sep 1847

4

  • František Vladislav Hek (78) dies in Letohrad, Czech Rep

14

  • Fanny Holland born (London) English sorano singer, actress. Died 1931

25

  • Emma Albertazzi (33) dies in London, possibly of tuberculosis

29

  • Franz Doppler’s opera Benyovszky premiered in Budapest. Lib. xx

Oct 1847

5

  • Heinrich Proch’s opera Zweiter und dritter Stock [Second and third floor], lib. Proch, premiered in Vienna

13

  • Ferdinand Hiller’s opera Konradin, der letzte Hohenstaufen [Conradin, the last Hohenstaufen], lib. Robert Reinick, premiered in Dresden

14

  • William Michael Rooke (53) dies in London

17

  • Chiquinha (Francisca Edwiges Neves) Gonzaga born (Rio de Janeiro) Brazilian composer, pianist, teacher. Died 1935

21

  • Giuseppe Giacosa born (Turin) Italian librettist, poet, playwright. Died 1906

unk

  • Francesco Molino (72) dies in Paris

Nov 1847

1

  • Emma Albani born (Chambly, Canada) Canadian soprano singer. Died 1930

4

  • Felix Mendelssohn (38) dies in Leipzig following a stroke

7

  • Will Lamartine Thompson born (Liverpool, OH) American music publisher, hymn composer, songwriter. Died 1909

15

  • Adolphe Adam founds the Opéra-National at the Cirque Olympique in Paris after falling out with Alexandre Basset, the director of the Opéra-Comique
  • Adolphe Adam, Daniel Auber, Michele Carafa and Fromental Halévy’s opera Les Premiers pas [first steps], lib. Alphonse Royer and Jean-Nicolas van Nieuwenhuysen, premiered at the inauguration of the Opéra-National in Paris
  • Aimé Maillart’s opera Gastibelza premiered at the inauguration of the Opéra-National in Paris. Lib. Adolphe Philippe d’Ennery

20

  • Henry Francis Lyte (54) dies in Nice of tuberculosis

25

  • Friedrich von Flotow’s opera Martha premiered in Vienna, lib. Friedrich
  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera Merope premiered in Naples, lib. S. Cammarano

26

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Jérusalem premiered in Paris, lib. A. Royer and G. Vaëz

28

  • Gioachino Rossini’s Tantum ergo for 3 voices and orchestra premiered in Bologna

30

  • August Klughardt born (Köthen, Germany) German composer, conductor. Died 1902

Dec 1847

1

  • Agathe Backer Grøndahl born (Holmestrand, Norway) Norwegian composer, pianist. Died 1907

13

  • Albert Lortzing’s opera Zum Grossadmiral [To the Great Admiral], lib. Lortzing, premiered in Leipzig

18

  • Augusta Holmès born (Paris) Franco-Irish composer, pianist. Died 1903

19

  • George Grossmith born (London) English comedian, writer, composer, actor, singer. Died 1912

20

  • Michael William Balfe’s opera The Maid of Honour premiered in London, lib. E. Fitzball

21

  • Edward E. Rice born (Brighton, MA) American theatre producer, composer, Broadway pioneer. Died 1924

22

  • Louis Spohr’s Symphony no.8 premiered in Kassel

28

  • Daniel Auber’s opera Haydée premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe

29

  • William Crotch (72) dies in Taunton, Somerset

1847 (date unknown)

publications

  • Charles-Valentin Alkan’s Grande sonate ‘Les quatre âges’, 25 Préludes op.31 & 12 études op.35 published in Paris
  • Hector Berlioz’s symphony Roméo et Juliette op.17 published in Paris
  • Frédéric Chopin’s 3 mazurkas op.63 for piano published in Leipzig and London & 3 waltzes op.64 for piano published in Leipzig
  • Manuel Patricio Rodríguez García’s Ecole de Garcia: traité complet de l’art du chant par Manuel Garcia fils vol.2 published in Paris
  • Heinrich August Marschner’s Piano trio op.135 published in Leipzig
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Sechs Lieder op.71 published in Leipzig & Sechs Kinderstücke (‘Christmas Pieces’) op.72 for piano published in London
  • Carl Otto Nicolai’s 4 deutsche Lieder op.35 for baritone and piano published in Hamburg & Salve regina op.39 for soprano and orchestra published in Vienna
  • Clara Schumann’s Piano Trio op.17 published in Leipzig
  • Robert Schumann’s Fünf Lieder: R. Burns, trans. W. Gerhard op.55; Symphony no.2 op.61 & Romanzen und Balladen IV op.64 (3 songs) published
  • Louis Spohr’s String quintet op.129 published in Leipzig; Concerto for string quartet op.131 & String quartet op.132 published in Leipzig & Piano trio op.133 published in Hamburg

Hector Berlioz – Roméo et Juliette (Philips)

Jan 1848

1

  • Stanislaw Moniuszko’s opera Halka premiered in Vilnius. Lib. Wlodzimierz Dyonizy Wolski

5

  • Adolf Krössing born (Prague) Czech tenor singer, stage director, stage and screen actor. Died 1933
  • Ferdinando Orlandi (73) dies in Parma

6

  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Klange aus der Walachei op. 50 [Echoes from Walachia] premiered in Bucharest

19

  • Hermann Kretzschmar born (Olbernhau, Germany) German musicologist, teacher, writer. Died 1924

21

  • Henri Duparc born (Paris) French composer. Died 1933

23

  • Márk Rózsavölgyi (58) dies in Budapest

Feb 1848

1

  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera Ester d’Engaddi premiered in Turin, lib. F. Guidi

5

  • Luigi Mancinelli born (Orvieto, Italy) Italian conductor, composer, cellist. Died 1921

12

  • Albert Grisar’s opera Gille ravisseur [Gille kidnapper], lib. Thomas Sauvage, premiered in Paris

16

  • Adolphe Adam’s ballet Grisélidis premiered in Paris
  • Frédéric Chopin makes his first public performance for six years in Paris

22

  • César Franck marries Eugènie-Félicité-Caroline Saillot in Paris

27

  • Hubert Parry born (Bournemouth) English composer, teacher, music historian. Died 1918

publications

  • Stephen Foster’s Oh Susanna published by Firth and Pond in New York
Sheet music for Stephen Foster's "Oh Susanna" published by Oliver Ditson, Boston

Sheet music for Stephen Foster’s “Oh Susanna” published by Oliver Ditson, Boston

Mar 1848

1

  • Carl Otto Nicolai appointed Kapellmeister at the Königliches Opernhaus and artistic director of the cathedral choir in Berlin

12

  • Cyrill Kistler born (Großaitingen, Germany) German composer, music theorist, teacher, music publisher. Died 1907

18

  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera Allan Cameron premiered in Venice, lib. F.M. Piave

26

  • The Opéra-National in Paris closes down after four months due to the 1848 revolution leaving Adolphe Adam financially ruined

Apr 1848

8

  • Gaetano Donizetti (50) dies in Bergamo of syphilis

16

  • Nellie Farren born (Lancashire) English stage actress, soprano singer. Died 1904

24

  • François van Campenhout (69) dies in Brussels

30

  • Marie Hanfstängl born (Wroclaw) German soprano singer, singing teacher, writer. Died 1917

unk

  • Louis Spohr’s String Sextet op.140 completed

May 1848

1

  • Stanislaw Moniuszko’s overture Bajka premiered in Vilnius

5

  • Adalbert von Goldschmidt born (Vienna) Austrian composer. Died 1906

Jun 1848

1

  • Otto Malling born (Copenhagen) Danish composer, organist. Died 1915

14

  • Max Erdmannsdörfer born (Nuremberg) German conductor, pianist, composer. Died 1905

16

  • François Benoist’s opera L’Apparition [the apparition], lib. Germain Delavigne, premiered in Paris

Jul 1848

8

  • Avdotia Istomina (49) dies in St Petersburg

10

  • Karoline Jagemann (71) dies in Dresden

11

  • Joaquim Antonio da Silva born (Rio de Janeiro) Brazilian choro composer, flautist. Died 1880

22

  • Lucien Fugère born (Paris) French baritone singer. Died 1935

27

  • Vladimir de Pachmann born (Odessa, Ukraine) Russian pianist. Died 1933

31

  • Robert Planquette born (Paris) French operetta composer. Died 1903

Aug 1848

1

  • František Kmoch born (Zásmuky, Czech Rep) Czech composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1912

8

  • Nicola Vaccai (58) dies in Pesaro

24

  • Julian Egerton born (London) English clarinetist, teacher. Died 1945

Sep 1848

15

  • Wilhelm Fitzenhagen born (Seesen, Germany) German cellist, composer, teacher. Died 1890

20

  • Alexei Lvov’s opera Undina premiered in St Petersburg. Lib. Vladimir Aleksandrovich Sollogub

21

  • Johannes Brahms plays his first piano concert in Hamburg

Oct 1848

8

  • Pierre De Geyter born (Ghent, Belgium) Belgian composer. Writer of the music for The Internationale. Died 1932

25

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Il corsaro [the corsair] premiered in Trieste, lib. F.M. Piave

27

  • Alexander Egorovich Varlamov (46) dies in St Petersburg

31

  • Nadezhda Rimskaya-Korsakova nee Purgold born (St Petersburg) Russian pianist, composer, wife of Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov (1844-1908). Died 1919

Nov 1848

11

  • Fromental Halévy’s opera Le val d’Andorre [the valley of Andorra], lib. Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges, premiered in Paris

18

  • Frederic Chopin plays a benefit concert for Polish refugees in London, his final concert appearance

26

  • Giacomo Meyerbeer leaves his position as music director of the Königliches Opernhaus in Berlin

30

  • Gaetano Donizetti’s opera Poliuto premiered in Naples, lib. S. Cammarano

Dec 1848

4

  • Josef Mohr (55) dies in Wagrain, Austria of pulmonary disease

18

  • Lajos ‘Louis’ Thern born (Budapest) Hungarian pianist, teacher. Son of Károly Thern (1817-86), brother of Willi Thern (1847-1911). Died 1920
  • Stanislaw Moniuszko’s cantata Milda premiered in Vilnius

26

  • Saverio Mercadante’s opera La schiava saracena [The Saracen slave] premiered in Milan, lib. F.M. Piave

27

  • George Ratcliffe Woodward born (Birkenhead) English composer, music editor, deacon. Died 1934

1848 (date unknown)

publications

  • Hector Berlioz’s symphony Harold en Italie op.16 published in Paris
  • Félicien David’s Rêverie for piano published in Paris
  • Louise Farrenc’s Sonata for violin and piano no.1 op.37 published
  • Charles Hallé moves to England from Paris, fleeing the 1848 revolution
  • Heinrich August Marschner’s Piano trio op.138 published in Leipzig
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s String Quartet no.1 op.12; Octet op.20 & Three motets op.69 for voice and chorus published in Leipzig & Lauda Sion op.73 for voice, chorus and orchestra published in London
  • Robert Schumann’s 3 string quartets op.41; Vier Gesänge op.59; Drei Gesänge op.62 & Trio no.1 op.63 for piano, violin and cello published
  • Louis Spohr’s 6 Salonstücke op.135 for violin and piano published in Hamburg & 5 deutsche Lieder op.139 published in Kassel
  • Johann Strauss I’s Radetzky-Marsch op. 228 published in Vienna
  • Pauline Viardot’s 12 Mazurkas for voice and piano published

Songs published

  • Oh! Susanna! (Stephen Foster)

Stanislaw Moniuszko 1819-72

Jan 1849

3

  • Ambroise Thomas’ opera Le caïd [the boss], lib. Thomas Sauvage, premiered in Paris

5

  • Heinrich Proch’s opera Die gefáhrliche Sprung [The dangerous jump], lib. Proch, premiered in Vienna

25

  • Elias Parish Alvars (40) dies in Vienna of pneumonia

27

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera La battaglia di Legnano [The Battle of Legnano] premiered in Rome, lib. S. Cammarano

Feb 1849

8

  • François Antoine Habeneck (68) dies in Paris

10

  • Virginia Zucchi born (Parma) Italian ballerina, dance teacher. Died 1930

Mar 1849

8

  • Hermann Winkelmann born (Braunschweig) German tenor singer. Died 1912

9

  • Carl Otto Nicolai’s opera Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor [the merry wives of Windsor] premiered in Berlin, lib. S.H. Mosenthal after W. Shakespeare

Apr 1849

16

  • Giacomo Meyerbeer’s opera Le prophète premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe. This staging marks the first use of electric lighting at the Paris Opera

17

  • Louis Moreau Gottschalk makes his formal debut as a professional pianist in the Salle Pleyel, Paris

22

  • Louise Farrenc’s Symphony No.3 in G minor Op.36 premiered in Paris

May 1849

11

  • Carl Otto Nicolai (38) dies in Berlin folowing a stroke on the same day that he is elected a member of the Akademie der Künste in Berlin

18

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera Le toréador premiered in Paris, lib. T. Sauvage

25

  • Blind Tom Wiggins born (Columbus, GA) American pianist, autistic savant. Died 1908
  • Albert Lortzing’s opera Rolands Knappen premiered in Leipzig. Lib. Lortzing

Jun 1849

3

  • François de Fossa (73) dies in Paris

10

  • Friedrich Kalkbrenner (63) dies in Paris of cholera

11

  • Joseph Vézina born (Quebec City) Canadian conductor, composer, organist, teacher. Died 1924

12

  • Angelica Catalani (69) dies in Paris of cholera

Jul 1849

7

  • François Bazin’s opera La Nuit de la Saint-Sylvestre [The Night of New Year’s Eve], lib. Anne-Honoré-Joseph Duveyrier and Auguste-Michel-Benoît Gaudichot-Masson, premiered in Paris

14

  • François Prume (33) dies in Liège of cholera

22

  • Géza Zichy born (Sztára, Slovakia) Hungarian composer, one-armed pianist. Died 1924

unk

  • Giovanni Bottesini’s Fantasia La Somnambula [sleepwalk fantasia] for piano and bass premiered at his London debut

Aug 1849

18

  • Benjamin Godard born (Paris) French composer, violinist. Died 1895

20

  • Selina Dolaro born (London) English stage actress, singer, theatre manager, novelist. Died 1889

25

  • Franz Liszt’s Licht, mehr Licht [light more light] for chorus premiered in Weimar

27

  • Bedrich Smetana marries Katerina Kolarova in Prague

28

  • Franz Liszt’s symphonic poem Tasso: lamento e trionfo [Tasso: lamentation and triumph] premiered in Weimar

Sep 1849

15

  • Anton Bruckner’s Requiem in d for chorus, 3 trombones, strings and organ premiered in St Florian, Austria

16

  • Hermann Ritter born (Wismar, Germany) German composer, viola player, music historian. Died 1926

25

  • Johann Strauss I (45) dies in Vienna of scarlet fever

26

  • Giuseppe Lillo’s opera Caterina Howard [Katherine Howard], lib. G. Giachetti, premiered in Naples

Oct 1849

1

  • Fromental Halévy’s opera La fée aux roses [the rose fairy], lib. Eugène Scribe and Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges, premiered in Paris

7

  • Franz Lachner’s opera Benvenuto Cellini premiered in Munich. Lib. Henri Auguste Barbier and Armand François Léon de Wailly

8

  • Adolphe Adam’s ballet Le Filleule des fées [The Fairy Goddaughter] premiered in Paris

16

  • Arnold Krug born (Hamburg) German composer, teacher. Died 1904

17

  • Frédéric Chopin (39) dies in Paris from tuberculosis

21

  • Charles Edward Horn (63) dies in Boston, MA

27

  • William Sterndale Bennett founds the English Bach Society in London

30

  • Frédéric Chopin’s funeral takes place in Paris

unk

  • Louis Spohr’s Piano Trio No.5 op.142 completed

Nov 1849

19

  • Franz Schubert’s Symphony No. 4 premiered posthumously in Leipzig

Dec 1849

3

  • Stephen Foster signs a publishing deal with Firth, Pond & Co. of New York

4

  • Ernesto Köhler born (Modena) Italian composer, flautist. Died 1907

8

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Luisa Miller premiered in Naples, lib. S. Cammarano

14

  • François Cellier born (London) English composer, conductor. Brother of Alfred Cellier (1844-91). Died 1914
  • Conradin Kreutzer (69) dies in Riga

24

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera Le fanal [the beacon] premiered in Paris, lib. J.-H. Vernoy de Saint-Georges

29

  • Dionisio Aguado (65) dies in Madrid
  • Franz Doppler’s opera Ilka és a huszártoborzó [Ilka and the cavalry recruiters], lib. Johann Janotyckh von Adlerstein, premiered in Budapest

1849 (date unknown)

  • Johann Strauss II merges his father’s orchestra with his own

publications

  • Aleksandr Borodin’s Adagio patetico; Le courant & Fantasia on a theme of Hummel for piano published in St Petersburg
  • Theodore Eisfeld appointed first conductor of the newly founded New York Philharmonic
  • Louise Farrenc’s Nonet op.38 published
  • Stephen Foster’s Foster’s Ethiopian Melodies published in New York
  • Niels Wilhelm Gade’s Sonata No. 2 in D minor op.21 published
  • Francis Johnson’s Phoenix Polka published in Philadelphia
  • Jan Kalivoda’s Twelfth concert overture in D major op. 145 published in Leipzig
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Quintet no.1 op.18 for strings published in Bonn; Vier Lieder op.75; Drei zweistimmige Lieder op.77; Three psalms op.78 & Sechs Sprüche op.79 for double chorus published in Leipzig
  • Giacomo Meyerbeer’s 40 mélodies published in Paris
  • Robert Schumann’s Ritornelle in canonischen Weisen op.65 (8 songs); Bilder aus Osten: 6 impromptus op.66 for piano 4 hands; Romanzen und Balladen I op.67 (5 songs); Romanzen I op.69 (6 songs); Adagio and Allegro op.70 for piano and horn; Adventlied op.71 for soprano, chorus and orchestra; Fantasiestücke op.73 for piano and clarinet; Spanisches Liederspiel op.74 (10 songs); 4 marches op.76 for piano; Lieder-Album für die Jugend op.79 (28 songs) & Trio no.2 op.80 for piano, violin and cello published
  • Louis Spohr’s Double string quartet op.136 & String quartet op.141 published in Kassel

Songs published

  • Nelly Was a Lady (Stephen Foster)

Original sheet music edition of Foster’s Ethiopian Melodies

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