1850-51

<1845-1849 1852-1853>

Jan 1850

2

  • Founder Ole Bull plays at the inaugural concert of the Norwegian National Theatre in Bergen

3

  • Giuseppina Grassini (77) dies in Milan

6

  • Xaver Scharwenka born (Szamotuly, Poland) Polish-German composer, pianist. Brother of Philipp Scharwenka (1847-1917). Died 1924

8

  • Aleksandr Verzhbilovich born (St Petersburg) Russian cellist, teacher. Died 1911

12

  • Albert Grisar’s opera Les Porcherons, lib. Thomas-Marie-François Sauvage and Jules Joseph de Lurieu, premiered in Paris

14

  • Jean de Reszke aka Jan Mieczyslaw born (Warsaw) Polish tenor singer

17

  • Alexander Taneyev born (St Petersburg) Russian composer, civil servant. Died 1918

29

  • Johann Strauss II’s waltzes Frohsinns-Spenden op. 73 [Gifts of Cheerfulness] & Lava-Ströme op. 74 [Streams of Lava] premiered in Vienna

Feb 1850

14

  • Robert Schumann’s Introduction and Allegro appassionato op.92 for piano and orchestra premiered in Leipzig

17

  • Anton Urspruch born (frankfurt) German pianist, teacher, composer. Died 1907

18

  • George Henschel born (Wrocklaw, Poland) German conductor, pianist, baritone singer, composer. Died 1934

25

  • Robert Schumann’s Conzertstück in F op.86 for four horns and orchestra premiered in Leipzig

28

  • Federico Ricci’s opera Crispino e la Comare [Crispino and the Gossip], lib. Francesco Maria Piave, premiered in Venice

publications

  • Stephen Foster’s song collection  Foster’s Plantation Melodies published including Camptown Races

Mar 1850

9

  • Alexandre Luigini born (Lyon) French composer, conductor. Died 1906

12

  • Heinrich Reimann born (Krosnowice, Poland) German composer, musicologist, organist. Died 1906

13

  • Emilio Serrano y Ruiz born (Vitoria, Spain) Spanish pianist, composer. Died 1939

19

  • Adalbert Gyrowetz (87) dies in Vienna

27

  • Mikhail Glinka’s Capriccio brillante on the Jota aragonesa (Spanish overture no.1) for orchestra; Kamarinskaya for orchestra (the first orchestral work based entirely on Russian folk song) & Recuerdos de Castilla (Spanish overture no.2) for orchestra premiered in St Petersburg

Apr 1850

3

  • Václav Tomášek (75) dies in Prague

5

  • Max Meyer-Olbersleben born (Olbersleben, Germany) German pianist, composer, teacher. Died 1927
  • Ernest Reyer’s opera Le Sélam [the salaam], lib.  Théophile Gautier, premiered in Paris

8

  • Antonia García de Videgain born (Cadiz) Spanish soprano singer, actress. Died 1924

9

  • Hermann Zumpe born (Taubenheim, Germany) German conductor, composer. Died 1903

17

  • August Wiltberger born (Bad Sobernheim, Germany) German music director, choirmaster, teacher, composer. Died 1928

20

  • Ambroise Thomas’ opera Le songe d’une nuit d’été [The dream of a summer night], lib. Joseph-Bernard Rosier and Adolph Ribbing, premiered in Paris

24

  • Louis Alexandre Piccinni (70) dies in Paris

25

  • Luise Adolpha Le Beau born (Rastatt, Germany) German composer. Died 1927

May 1850

7

  • Anton Seidl born (Budapest) Hungarian conductor, arranger. Died 1898

13

  • Modest Ilyich Tchaikovsky born (Alapayevsk, Russia) Russian dramatist, librettist, translator. Brother of Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840-93). Died 1916

17

  • Antonio Scontrino born (Trapani, Italy) Italian composer, bassist, teacher. Died 1922

20

  • Joseph Eaton Faning born (Helson, Cornwall) English composer, organist, teacher. Died 1927

Jun 1850

5

  • Richard Barth born (Grosswanzleben, Germany) German composer, violinist, conductor, teacher. Died 1923

8

  • Fromental Halévy’s opera La tempestà [the tempest], lib. Eugène Scribe after Shakespeare, premiered in London

18

  • Richard Heuberger born (Graz, Austria) Austrian opera and operetta composer, critic, teacher. Died 1914

25

  • Robert Schumann’s opera Genoveva premiered in Leipzig, lib. Schumann

Jul 1850

3

  • Alfredo Keil born (Lisbon) Portuguese composer, painter. Died 1907

4

  • Ole Olsen born (Hammerfest, Norway) Norwegian composer, conductor, organist. Died 1927

20

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera Giralda premiered in Paris, lib. Eugène Scribe

23

  • Marie-Julie Halligner (64) dies in Paris

Aug 1850

24

  • Franz Liszt’s Chöre zu Herders entfesseltem Prometheus [Choruses to Herder’s Prometheus unleashed] for chorus and orchestra premiered in Weimar

25

  • Franz Liszt’s Festchor zur Enthüllung des Herder-Denkmals in Weimar [Choir Festival for the unveiling of the Herder Memorial in Weimar] for chorus premiered in Weimar

28

  • Richard Wagner’s opera Lohengrin premiered in Weimar, lib. Wagner

Sep 1850

1

  • Jenny Lind arrives in New York, greeted by a crowd of more than 30,000 people at the harbour

3

  • The anti-semitic essay Das Judenthum in Musik [Judaism in music] by Richard Wagner published in the journal Neue Zeitschrift für Musik, Leipzig under the pseudonym K. Freigedang

11

  • Jenny Lind makes her debut US appearance in New York

21

  • Hans Sitt born (Prague) German-Czech violinist, composer, teacher, viola player. Died 1922

Oct 1850

10

  • Emilio Arrieta’s opera La conquista de Granada [the conquest of Granada], lib. Temistocle Solera, premiered in Madrid

22

  • Hector Berlioz’s Sara la Baigneuse for chorus and orchestra premiered in Paris

Nov 1850

6

  • Fabio Campana’s opera Mazeppa, lib. Achille de Lauzières-Thémines, premiered in Bologna

8

  • Karl Komzak born (Prague) Czech composer, bandmaster. Died 1905

10

  • Arthur Goring Thomas born (Ratton Park, Sussex) English composer. Died 1892

16

  • Niels Gade’s Symphony No. 4 op.20 premiered in Copenhagen
  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Stiffelio premiered in Trieste, lib. F.M. Piave

19

  • Friedrich von Flotow’s opera Sophie Katharina premiered in Berlin, lib. C. Birch-Pfeiffer

21

  • Robert Schumann’s Requiem für Mignon op.98b for voice, chorus and orchestra premiered in Düsseldorf

25

  • Louis Spohr’s Symphony no.9 op.143 Die Jahreszeiten [the seasons] premiered in London

26

  • Victor Massé’s opera La chanteuse voilée [the veiled singer], lib. Eugène Scribe and Adolph Ribbing, premiered in Paris

29

  • Sofia Scalchi born (Turin) Italian contralto singer. Died 1922

unk

  • Louis Spohr’s String Quintet No.7 op.144 completed

Dec 1850

1

  • Peter Lange-Müller born (Fredericksburg, Denmark) Danish composer, pianist. Died 1926

3

  • Andrei Sychra (77) dies in St Petersburg

5

  • Alexander Girardi born (Graz) Austrian tenor singer, actor. Died 1918

6

  • Daniel Auber’s opera L’enfant prodigue [the prodigal child] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe

9

  • Emma Abbott born (Chicago, IL) American soprano singer, impresario. Died 1891

10

  • Gustav Hinrichs born (Grabow, Germany) German-American conductor, composer, arranger, translator. Died 1942

13

  • Iver Holter born (Gausdal, Norway) Norwegian composer, conductor. Died 1941

18

  • Fromental Halévy’s opera La Dame de pique [The Queen of Spades], lib. Eugène Scribe, premiered in Paris

20

  • Franz Doppler’s opera Wanda premiered in Budapest. Lib. T. Bakody

21

  • Zdenek Fibich born (Caslav, Czech Rep) Czech composer. Died 1900

28

  • Francesco Tamagno born (Turin) Italian tenor singer, early recording artist. Died 1905

29

  • Tomás Bretón born (Salamanca, Spain) Spanish composer. Died 1923

1850 (date unknown)

  • Hector Berlioz appointed head librarian at the Paris Conservatoire
  • Ferdinand Hiller appointed city concert master for Cologne (retired in 1884)
  • Adolf Pollitzer emigrates to England

publications

  • William Sterndale Bennett’s Tema e variazioni op.31 for piano published in London
  • Hector Berlioz’s song collection Fleurs des landes op.13 (3 songs) published in Paris
  • Félicien David’s 2 bluettes & 2 méditations for piano published in Paris
  • Louise Farrenc’s Sonata for violin and piano no.2 op.39 published
  • François Joseph Fétis’s Curiosités historiques de la musique published in Paris
  • Friedrich Kiel’s Fifteen Canons in Chamber Style for piano solo op.1 published in Leipzig
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Vier Lieder op.76; Variations in E op.82 for piano; Variations in B op.83 for piano & Drei Gesänge op.84 published in Leipzig & Six Songs op.86 published in London
  • Robert Schumann’s Lieder und Gesänge II op.51 (5 songs); Vier Fugen op.72 for piano; Romanzen und Balladen II op.75 (5 songs); Vier Duette op.78; Waldscenen op.82 for piano (9 pieces); Drei Gesänge op.83; Beim Abschied zu singen op.84 for chorus and wind or piano; 12 vierhändige Clavierstücke für kleine und grosse Kinder op.85 for piano & Sechs Gesänge op.89 published
  • Louis Spohr’s String sextet op.140 published in Kassel
  • Henri Vieuxtemps’s Violin Concerto No. 4 Op.31 published
  • Robert Volkmann’s Piano Trio No. 2 op.5 published in Leipzig

Songs published

  • Abide Wth Me (Henry Francis Lyte. Tune now used composed by William Henry Monk in 1861) Camptown Races (Stephen Foster); I Have Got The Blues To Day! (Sarah M. Graham, Gustave Blessner – supposedly the first song with ‘blues’ in the title)
Henri Vieuxtemps 1820-1881

Henri Vieuxtemps 1820-1881

Jan 1851

11

  • Robert Schumann’s Neujahrslied op.144 [New Year’s Song] for chorus and orchestra premiered in Düsseldorf

20

  • Albert Lortzing’s opera Die Opernprobe [The opera rehearsal], lib. Lortzing, premiered in Frankfurt

21

  • Albert Lortzing (49) dies in Berlin following a stroke
  • Francis Edward Bache makes his concert debut in Keighley, Yorks

24

  • Gaspare Spontini (76) dies in Maiolati Spontini, Italy

25

  • Jan Blockx born (Antwerp) Belgian composer, pianist, teacher. Died 1912

27

  • Gaspar Villate born (Havana) Cuban composer. Died 1891

unk

  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Rhadamantus-Klänge op. 94 [Echoes of Rhadamantus] premiered in Vienna

Feb 1851

6

  • Robert Schumann’s Symphony No. 3 op.97 Rheinische premiered in Düsseldorf

12

  • Anna Yesipova born (St Petersburg) Russian pianist, teacher. Died 1914

18

  • George Thomson (93) dies in Edinburgh

19

  • Albert Grisar’s opera Bonsoir, Monsieur Pantalon premiered in Paris. Lib. Porret de Morvan and Joseph Philippe Simon

Mar 1851

1

  • Saverio Mercadante’s opera Medea premiered in Naples, lib. S. Cammarano

6

  • Alexander Alyabyev (63) dies in Moscow

11

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Rigoletto premiered in Venice, lib. F.M. Piave

13

  • Robert Schumann’s overture Die Braut von Messina op.100 [The Bride of Messina] & Nachtlied op.108 [night song] for chorus and orchestra premiered in Düsseldorf

17

  • Jakob Rosenhain’s opera Le Démon de la nuit [the demon of the night], lib. Jean-François-Alfred Bayard and Étienne Arago, premiered in Paris

20

  • Pietro Abbà Cornaglia born (Alessandria, Italy) Italian organist, pianist, composer. Organist at Alessandria Cathedral 1880-94. Died 1894

25

  • Hermann Abert born (Stuttgart) German music historian, teacher. Son of Johann Josef Abert (1832-1915). Died 1927
  • Hector Berlioz’s La belle voyageuse [The fair traveller] for mezzo-soprano and orchestra & La menace des Francs [the threat of the Franks] for two tenors, two basses, chorus and orchestra premiered in Paris

27

  • Ruperto Chapí born (Villena, Spain) Spanish composer. Died 1909
  • Vincent d’Indy born (Paris) French composer, teacher. Died 1931
  • Vincent d’Indy’s mother Matilde dies in childbirth
Giuseppe Verdi - Rigoletto (London)

Giuseppe Verdi – Rigoletto (London)

Apr 1851

2

  • Adolph Brodsky born (Taganrog, Russia) Russian violinist, teacher. Taught at the Royal Manchester College of Music 1896-1929. Died 1929

8

  • John Parry (75) dies in Wales

16

  • Charles-François Gounod’s opera Sapho premiered in Paris, lib. E. Augier

May 1851

7

  • Julius Buths born (Wiesbaden, Germany) German pianist, conductor, composer. Died 1920

16

  • Daniel Auber’s opera Zerline premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe

17

  • Aleksander Michałowski born (Kamianets-Podilskyi, Ukraine) Polish pianist, teacher, composer. Died 1938
  • Johan Peter Emilius Hartmann’s Symphony no.1 op.17 (second version) premiered in Copenhagen

20

  • Emile Berliner born (Hanover) German-American recording pioneer, inventor. Founder of The Berliner Gramophone Company (Washington, DC, 1895), The Gramophone Company (London, 1897) and Deutsche Grammophon (Hanover, 1898). Died 1929
  • Errico Petrella’s opera Il carnevale di Venezia [The Carnival of Venice], lib. Marco D’Arienzo, premiered in Naples

Jun 1851

5

  • Ambroise Thomas’ opera Raymond premiered in Paris. Lib. Joseph-Bernard Rosier and Adolph Ribbing

11

  • Oscar Borg born (Halden, Norway) Norwegian composer, conductor. Died 1930

12

  • Pol Plançon born (Furnay, France) French bass singer. Died 1914

Jul 1851

3

  • Sigismond Thalberg’s opera Florinda premiered in London. Lib. Eugène Scribe

4

  • Martin-Joseph Mengal (67) dies in Ghent, Belgium

17

  • Béni Egressy (37) dies in Budapest

unk

  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Idyllen op. 95 [Idylls] premiered in Vienna

Aug 1851

6

  • Adolphe Adam’s cantata Les nations premiered in Paris

8

  • James Shudi Broadwood (78) dies in London

Sep 1851

14

  • Gabrielle Ferrari born (Paris) French composer, pianist. Died 1921

unk

  • William Herbert Jude born (Westleton, Suffolk) English composer, organist, hymnwriter. Died 1922

Oct 1851

23

  • Guillaume Couture born (Montreal) Canadian choir conductor, composer, teacher, critic. Died 1915

publications

  • Stephen Foster’s song Old Folks at Home published
Stephen Foster 1826-1864

Stephen Foster 1826-1864

Nov 1851

15

  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera Zaffira premiered in Naples, lib. A. de Leone

16

  • Minnie Hauk aka Amalia Mignon Hauck born (New York) American soprano singer. Died 1929

21

  • Félicien-César David’s opera La Perle du Brésil [the pearl of Brazil] premiered in Paris, lib. J. Gabriel and S. Saint-Etienne, premiered in Paris

Dec 1851

16

  • Kate Loder marries surgeon Henry Thompson in London

27

  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera Malvina di Scozia [Malvina of Scotland] premiered in Naples, lib. S. Cammarano

29

  • Giuseppe Lillo’s opera La gioventù di Shakespeare [Shakespeare’s youth], lib. G.S. Giannini, premiered in Naples

1851 (date unknown)

  • Francis Child appointed Boylston Professor of Rhetoric and Oratory at Harvard
  • Henry E. Steinway emigrates to New York from Germany

publications

  • Hector Berlioz’s choral work Sara op.11 published in Paris
  • Frédéric Chopin’s Sonata in c op.4 for piano published in Vienna and Paris
  • Félicien David’s 3 mélodies-valses for piano published in Paris
  • Heinrich August Marschner’s 2 pièces characteristiques, op.105 for piano published in Magdeburg; Piano duo op.147 published in Offenbach & Piano trio op.148 published in Leipzig
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s String Quartet no.6 op.80; Andante sostenuto, Scherzo, Capriccio & Fugue op.81 for string quartet; Quintet no.2 op.87 for strings; Sechs Lieder op.88; Psalm xcviii op.91 for voice, double chorus, organ and orchestra & Allegro brillant op.92 for 2 pianos published in Leipzig & Lieder ohne Worte VII op.85 for piano (6 pieces) published in Bonn
  • Nicolò Paganini’s Capriccio on ‘Là ci darem la mano’ from Mozart’s Don Giovanni premiered in Vienna
  • Anton Rubinstein’s Piano Concerto No.2 op.35 completed
  • Robert Schumann’s Lieder und Gesänge III op.77 (5 songs); Concertstück in F op.86 for orchestra ; Sechs Gedichte von N. Lenau und Requiem op.90; Romanzen II op.91 (6 songs); Verzweifle nicht im Schmerzenstal op.93 (5 motets for double chorus and organ); Drei Romanzen op.94 for piano and oboe; Drei Gesänge op.95; Lieder und Gesänge IV op.96 (5 songs); Symphony no.3 op.97; Lieder und Gesänge aus Wilhelm Meister: Goethe op.98 (9 songs); overture Die Braut von Messina op.100; Fünf Stücke im Volkston op.102 for piano and violin or cello; Mädchenlieder op.103 (4 songs) & Sieben Lieder op.104 published
  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Mephistos Höllenrufe op. 101 Cries of Mephistopheles from Hell premiered in Vienna

Songs published

  • Cora, The Indian Maiden’s Song aka The Wild Free Wind (Shirley Brooks, Alexander Lee) I Would Not Die in Summer Time; Laura Lee; Old Folks at Home (all Stephen Foster)

Francis Child 1825-96

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s