1852-53

<1850-18511854-1855>

Jan 1852

8

  • Jean Gabriel-Marie born (Paris) French composer. Father of Jean Gabriel Marie (1907-70). Died 1928

24

  • Max Vogrich born (Sibiu, Romania) Austrian pianist, composer. Died 1916

25

  • Heinrich Marschner’s opera Austin premiered in Hanover, lib. M. Wohlbrück-Marschner

26

  • Frederick Corder born  (London) English composer, teacher. Died 1932

29

  • Frederic Hymen Cowen born (Kingston, Jamaica) English pianist, composer, conductor. Died 1935

Feb 1852

5

  • James Kendrick Pyne born (Bath) English organist, composer, teacher. Died 1938
  • Jenny Lind marries Otto Goldschmidt in Boston, MA
  • Robert Schumann’s Der Rose Pilgerfahrt op.112 for voice, chorus and orchestra premiered in Düsseldorf

6

  • Vasily Safonov born (Causasus Mountains, Russia) Russian conductor, pianist, teacher, composer. Died 1918

20

  • Albert Grisar’s opera Le Carillonneur de Bruges [The carillonist of Bruges], lib. Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges, premiered in Paris

21

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera La poupée de Nuremberg [The doll of Nuremberg] premiered in Paris, lib. A. de Leuven and A. de Beauplan

25

  • Thomas Moore (72) dies in London of dementia

Mar 1852

6

  • Josef Bayer born (Vienna) Austrian ballet composer, violinist, director of the Austrian Court Ballet 1883-1913. Died 1913
  • Michael William Balfe’s opera The Sicilian Bride premiered in London, lib. Alfred Bunn

8

  • Stanislaw Moniuszko’s cantata Nijoła premiered in Vilnius

14

  • Robert Schumann’s overture Manfred premiered in Weimar

16

  • William Sterndale Bennett’s Sonata Duo for cello and piano op.32 premiered in London

19

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera Le farfadet [the leprechaun] premiered in Paris, lib. F.A.E. de Planard

22

  • Otakar Ševčík born (Horažďovice, Czech Rep) Czech violinist, teacher. Died 1934

24

  • Fredrik Pacius’s opera Kung Karls jakt [The Hunt of King Charles], lib. Pacius,  premiered in Helsinki

26

  • François Bazin’s opera Madelon premiered in Paris. Lib. Thomas-Marie-François Sauvage

31

  • John Freckleton Burrowes (64) dies in London

Apr 1852

5

  • Franz Eckert born (Nowe Ruda, Poland) German composer, bandleader. Writer of the Japanese National Anthem. Died 1916

10

  • Frederic Austin (80) dies in London

14

  • Henrique Oswald born (Rio de Janeiro) Brazilian composer, music director. Died 1931
  • Victor Massé’s opera Galathée premiered in Paris. Lib. Jules Barbier and Michel Carré after Ovid

20

  • Charles Gounod marries Anna Zimmermann in Paris

23

  • Fromental Halévy’s opera Le Juif errant [The Wandering Jew], lib. Eugène Scribe and Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges, premiered in Paris

30

  • Anton Rubinstein’s opera Kulikovskaya bitva [The Battle of Kulikovo] premiered in St Petersburg, lib. V. Sollogub and V. Zotov

May 1852

20

  • Stanislaw Moniuszko’s opera Betty, lib. Eugène Scribe and Anne-Honoré-Joseph Duveyrier & operetta Cyganie, lib. Franciszek Dyonizy Kniaznin premiered in Vilnius

22

  • Émile Sauret born (Dun-le-Roi, France) French violinist, composer. Died 1920

26

  • Giacomo Meyerbeer’s cantata Maria und ihr Genius premiered in Berlin

30

  • Charles Gounod appointed general manager of the teaching of singing in schools in Paris

Jun 1852

4

  • William Lugg born (Portsmouth) English bass singer, stage and film actor. Died 1939

6

  • Tommaso Marchesi (79) dies in Bologna

13

  • Robert Schumann’s opera Manfred op.115 premiered in Weimar, lib. Byron trans. by K.A. Suckow

18

  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Liebeslieder op. 114 Lovesongs premiered in Vienna

23

  • Raoul Pugno born (Paris) French composer, keyboard player, teacher, early recording artist. Died 1914

28

  • Hans Huber born (Eppenburg-Woschnau, Switzerland) Swiss composer, chorister, pianist, teacher. Died 1921
Johann Strauss II 1825-1899

Johann Strauss II 1825-1899

Jul 1852

3

  • Rafael Joseffy born (Miskolcz, Hungary) Hungarian-American composer, pianist. Died 1915

4

  • Alfred Grünfeld born (Prague) Austrian composer, pianist. Brother of Heinrich Grünfeld (1855-1931). Died 1924

5

  • Stefano Gobatti born (Bergantino, Italy) Italian opera composer, Franciscan monk. Died 1913

26

  • Michael William Balfe’s opera The Devil’s In It premiered in London, lib. Alfred Bunn

28

  • Barton McGuckin born (Dublin) Irish tenor singer, conductor. Died 1913

Aug 1852

3

  • Robert Schumann’s overture Julius Cäsar op.128 premiered in Düsseldorf

4

  • Claudio Brindis de Salas Garrido born (Havana) Cuban violinist, composer. Son of Claudio Brindis de Salas (1800-72). Died 1911

10

  • Ambroise Thomas’ cantata Hommage à Lesueur premiered in Abbeville

12

  • Errico Petrella’s opera Elena di Tolosa [Helen of Toulouse] , lib. Domenico Bolognese,  premiered in Naples

13

  • Robert Hausmann born (Rottleberode, Germany) German cellist, teacher, composer. Died 1909

15

  • Anton Bruckner’s Magnificat in B for chorus, orchestra and organ premiered in St Florian, Austria
  • Franz Liszt’s Mass R485 for 4 voices and organ premiered in Weimar

19

  • Friedrich von Flotow’s opera Rübezahl, lib. Gustav Gans zu Pulitz, premiered in Perleberg, Germany

unk

  • Pietro Raimondi’s triple oratorio Putifar-Giuseppe-Giacobbe premiered in Rome

Sep 1852

1

  • Heinrich August Marschner’s pageant Natur und Kunst [nature and art] premiered in Hanover

2

  • Durward Lely born (Arbroath) Scottish tenor singer, actor. Died 1944

4

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera Si j’étais roi [If I were king] premiered in Paris, lib. A. Philippe and J. Brésil

8

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s oratorio Christus op.97, lib. J.F. von Bunsen, premiered posthumously in Birmingham

20

  • Anton Weidinger (86) dies in Vienna

23

  • Henry Hugo Pierson’s oratorio Jerusalem premiered in Norwich

28

  • Anton Bruckner’s cantata Heil, Vater! dir zum hohen Feste [Hail, Father! for thee high festivals] premiered in St Florian, Austria, lib. E. Marinelli

30

  • Charles Villiers Stanford born (Dublin) Irish composer, teacher, conductor. Died 1924

Oct 1852

14

  • Jean Schneitzhoeffer (67) dies in Paris

24

  • Emil Genetz born (Pitkyarantsky, Russia) Finnish choral composer, singer, language teacher. Died 1930

29

  • Franz Liszt’s Fantasy and Fugue on the chorale Ad nos ad salutarem undam for organ premiered in Merseburg

Nov 1852

7

  • Frank Wyatt aka Francis Nevill Gunning born (London) English baritone singer, actor, theatre manager, playwright. Died 1926

12

  • Georg Hellmesberger, Jr. (22) dies in Hannover

16

  • Adolphe Adam’s cantata La fête des arts [festival of the arts] premiered in Paris

18

  • Anton Bernhard Fürstenau (60) dies in Dresden

21

  • Francisco Tárrega born (Villareal, Spain) Spanish composer, guitarist. Died 1909

23

  • James Kwast born (Nijkerk, Netherlands) Dutch-German pianist, teacher, composer, music editor. Died 1927

Dec 1852

3

  • Robert Schumann’s Vom Pagen und der Königstochter op.140 [From the bell and the princess] for voice, chorus and orchestra premiered in Düsseldorf

5

  • Camille Saint-Saëns wins first prize in a competition at the Societe de Sainte-Cécile in Paris with his Ode à Sainte-Cécile

11

  • Niels Gade’s Symphony no.5 op.25 premiered in Copenhagen

12

  • Andrey Schulz-Evler born (Radom, Poland) Polish composer, pianist, teacher. Died 1905

21

  • Daniel Auber’s opera Marco Spada premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe and G. Delavigne

24

  • Mily Balakirev’s Grande Fantaisie on Russian Folksongs op.4 for orchestra completed

29

  • Adolphe Adam’s ballet Orfa premiered in Paris

30

  • Adolphe Adam’s musical drama La faridondaine premiered in Paris, lib. C.D. Dupeuty and E. Bourget
  • Robert Schumann’s Symphony no.4 op.120 (second version) premiered in Düsseldorf

1852 (date unknown)

  • Master Juba (c.27) dies in London of unknown causes, possibly malnutrtition / exhaustion
  • George Grove appointed secretary at the Crystal Palace in London, responsible for its music programming
  • Pietro Raimondi appointed maestro di capella at St Peter’s, Rome

publications

  • Antonio Bazzini’s La Ronde des Lutins – Scherzo fantastique op.25 published in Milan
  • William Sterndale Bennett’s Sonata Duo op.32 for piano and cello published in London
  • Hector Berlioz’s Le corsaire, ouverture op.21 published in Paris
  • Louise Farrenc’s Sextet op.52 published
  • Felix Mendelssohn’s Sechs Gesänge op.99 & Vier Lieder op.100 published in Leipzig
  • Jacques Offenbach’s Les voix mystérieuses (6 songs) published in Paris
  • Anton Rubinstein’s 12 Songs op.48 published in Leipzig
  • Robert Schumann’s Introduction and Allegro appassionato op.92 for orchestra; Minnespiel op.101 (8 songs); Sonata no.1 op.105 for piano and violin; Sechs Gesänge op.107; Trio no.3 op.110 for piano, violin and cello; Drei Fantasiestücke op.111 for piano; Der Rose Pilgerfahrt op.112 for voice, chorus and orchestra; Märchenbilder op.113 for piano and violin or viola & Vier Husarenlieder op.117 published
  • Louis Spohr’s Piano trio op.142 published in Hamburg

Antonio Bazzini 1818-97

Jan 1853

1

  • Hans von Koessler born (Kemnath, Germany) German composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1926

8

  • Saverio Mercadante’s opera Statira premiered in Naples, lib. D. Bolognese

10

  • Jessie Bond born (London) English mezzo-soprano singer, actress. Died 1942
  • Louis Moreau Gottschalk arrives in New York after 12 years in Europe
  • Saverio Mercadante’s opera Violetta premiered in Naples, lib. M. d’Arienzo

11

  • Franz Rummel born (London) Anglo-German pianist. Father of Walter Morse Rummel (1887-1953). Died 1901

15

  • Rutland Barrington aka George Rutland Fleet born (London) English baritone singer, actor, comedian. Died 1922

16

  • Matteo Carcassi (60) dies in Paris
  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Phönix-Schwingen op. 125 [Wings of the Phoenix] premiered in Vienna

19

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Il trovatore [the troubadour] premiered in Rome, lib. S. Cammarano

Feb 1853

2

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera Le sourd [the deaf] premiered in Paris, lib. F. Langlé and A. de Leuven
  • Ferenc Erkel’s ballet Sakk-játék [A Game of Chess] premiered in Budapest

3

  • Leonora Braham aka Leonora Lucy Abraham born (London) English soprano singer, actress. Died 1931

4

  • Victor Massé’s opera Les Noces de Jeannette [Jeannette’s wedding], lib. Michel Carré and Jules Barbier, premiered in Paris

12

  • Bertram Luard-Selby born (Ightham, Kent) English composer, organist. Died 1918

19

  • Amanda Röntgen-Maier born (Landskrona, Sweden) Swedish violinist, composer. Died 1894
  • Emilio Arrieta’s opera El domino azul [the blue domino], lib. Francesc Campródon i Lafont, premiered in Madrid

Mar 1853

5

  • Arthur Foote born (Salem, MA) American composer, teacher, writer. Died 1937
  • The Steinway and Sons piano factory opens in New York

6

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera La Traviata premiered in Venice, lib. F.M. Piave

11

  • Albert Grisar’s opera Les Amours du diable [the loves of the devil], lib. Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges, premiered in Paris
  • The Bolshoi Petrovsky Theatre in Moscow is destroyed by fire

12

  • Franz Doppler’s opera A két huszár [The two hussars], lib. Doppler, premiered in Budapest
  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera Il Cid premiered in Milan, lib. A. de Lauzières

15

  • Giovanni Ricordi (67) dies in Milan

18

  • Émile-Alexandre Taskin born (Paris) French baritone singer, teacher. Died 1897

30

  • Ambroise Thomas’ opera La Tonelli premiered in Paris. Lib. Thomas Marie François Sauvage
Giuseppe Verdi 1813-1901

Giuseppe Verdi 1813-1901

Apr 1853

4

  • Johannes Brahms embarks on his first concert tour with violinist Eduard Reményi

10

  • Owen Hall aka James Davis born (London) Irish librettist, journalist, novellist, critic. Died

11

  • Louis-Emmanuel Jadin (84) dies in Paris
  • Adolphe Adam’s opera Le roi des halles [King of the halls] premiered in Paris, lib. A. de Leuven and L. Lhérie

21

  • Charles Malherbe born (Paris) French violinist, composer, musicologist, music editor, teacher. Died 1911

May 1853

7

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Le trésor à Mathurin [The treasure in Mathurin] premiered in Paris, lib. L. Battu

8

  • Giuseppe Lillo’s opera Ser Babbeo, lib. L.E. Bardare, premiered in Naples

14

  • Francesco Marconi born (Rome) Italian tenor singer, early recording artist. Died 1916

17

  • Robert Schumann’s Fest-Ouverture op.123 for tenor, chorus and orchestra premiered in Düsseldorf

23

  • Anton Rubinstein’s opera Fomka-durachok [Tom the Fool] premiered in St Petersburg, lib. M. Mikhaylov

26

  • Johann Michael Wächter (59) dies in Dresden

Jun 1853

1

  • Franz Liszt’s Fantasie über ungarische Volksmelodien [Fantasia on Hungarian Folk Melodies] & Fantasie über Motive aus Beethovens Ruinen von Athen [Fantasy on themes from Beethoven’s Ruins of Athens] for piano and orchestra premiered in Budapest

7

  • Giuseppina Ronzi de Begnis (53) dies in Florence

8

  • Johannes Brahms’s Scherzo op.4 for piano premiered in Hanover

12

  • Charles Gounod’s Messe des orphéonistes [Orpheonist’s mass] for 3 male voices, chorus and orchestra premiered in Paris

17

  • Martin Krause born (Lobstädt, Germany) German pianist, teacher, critic, writer. Died 1918
  • Emilio Arrieta’s opera El grumete [the boy], lib. Antonio García Gutiérrez, premiered in Madrid

Jul 1853

9

  • Giuseppe Lillo’s opera Il figlio della schiava [The son of the slave], lib. G.S. Giannini, premiered in Naples

17

  • Léon Jehin born (Spa, Belgium) Belgian conductor, composer. Died 1928

21

  • Gustav Dannreuther born (Cincinnati, OH) American violinist, conductor. Died 1923

22

  • Victor Roger born (Montpellier) French operetta composer. Died 1903

23

  • Josef Strauss’ waltz Die Ersten und Letzten op.1 [the first and last] premiered in Vienna

24

  • Alessandro Parisotti born (Italy) Italian composer, music editor. Died 1913

Aug 1853

12

  • Jean Louis Nicodé born (Poznań, Poland) German pianist, composer, conductor. Died 1919

30

  • Percy Goetschius born (Paterson, NJ) American music theorist, teacher. Died 1943

Sep 1853

1

  • Fromental Halévy’s opera Le nabab [the mogul], lib. Eugène Scribe and Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges, premiered in Paris

30

  • Johannes Brahms visits Robert and Clara Schumann in Düsseldorf for the first time

Oct 1853

1

  • C. Bechstein Pianofortefabrik piano manufacturers founded by Carl Bechstein in Berlin

2

  • Blanche Roosevelt (Tucker) born (Sandusky, OH) American soprano singer, writer. Died 1898

3

  • George Onslow (69) dies in Clermont-Ferrand, France
  • Franz Liszt’s An die Künstler [To Artists] for chorus and orchestra premiered in Karlsruhe

6

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera Le bijou perdu [The lost jewel] premiered in Paris, lib. A. de Leuven and P.A.A. Pittaud de Forges
  • Moritz Hauptmann’s Mass in G minor op.30 premiered in Düsseldorf

9

  • Karel Miry’s opera Anne Mie premiered in Antwerp. Lib. Miry

13

  • Lillie Langtry aka Emilie Charlotte Le Breton born (London) English music hall singer, actress, socialite, businesswoman. Died 1929

14

  • Ciprian Porumbescu born (Şipotele Sucevei, Romania) Romanian composer. Died 1883

20

  • Ludwig Engländer born (Vienna) Austro-American musical theatre composer. Died 1914

22

  • W. H. Denny aka William Henry Leigh Dugmore born (Birmingham) English baritone singer, actor. Died 1915

27

  • Henryk Wieniawski’s Violin Concerto No. 1 premiered in Leipzig

28

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Pépito premiered in Paris, lib. J. Moinaux and L. Battu
  • Robert Schumann publishes an article in Neue Zeitschrift für Musik heaping praise on Johannes Brahms

29

  • Pierre-Joseph-Guillaume Zimmermann (68) dies in Paris

30

  • Pietro Raimondi (66) dies in Rome

Nov 1853

4

  • Felix Mendelssohn’s cantata O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden [O Sacred Head, Now Wounded] premiered in Leipzig

20

  • Peter Joseph von Lindpaintner’s opera Giulia premiered in Stuttgart. Lib. August Lewald

23

  • Giuseppina Bozzacchi born (Milan) Italian ballerina. Died 1870

26

  • Friedrich von Flotow’s opera Rübezahl premiered in Frankfurt, lib. G.H. Gans zu Putlitz
  • Robert Schumann’s Introduction and Concert-Allegro op.134 for piano and orchestra premiered in Utrecht

Dec 1853

5

  • Johann Peter Heuschkel (80) dies in Wiesbaden

8

  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera Romilda di Provenza premiered in Naples, lib. G. Micc

9

  • Clara Schumann’s Variations on a Theme by Robert Schumann op.20 premiered in Rotterdam

17

  • Johannes Brahms’s Piano Sonata no.1 op.1 premiered in Leipzig

18

  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ Symphony no.1 op.2 premiered in Paris

20

  • Carlo Evasio Soliva (62) dies in Paris

22

  • Teresa Carreño born (Caracas) Venezuelan composer, pianist, singer, conductor. Died 1917

30

  • André Messager born (Paris) French composer, keyboard player, conductor, administrator. Died 1929

1853 (date unknown)

  • James Hill (c. 42) dies in Newcastle-upon-Tyne
  • The Budapest Philharmonic Orchestra founded
  • Ludwig Minkus emigrates to Russia from Vienna

publications

  • William Sterndale Bennett’s Preludes and Lessons op.33 (30 pieces) for piano published in London
  • Johannes Brahms’s Sechs Gesänge op.3 & Sechs Gesänge op.6 published
  • Félicien David’s La bergeronette for piano published in Paris
  • Svend Grundtvig’s 12 volume compilation of Danish ballads, Danmarks gamle Golkeviser published in Copenhagen
  • Stephen István Heller’s 24 Préludes op.81 & Nuits blanches op.82 published in Berlin
  • The first volume of three Ludvig Mathias Lindeman’s Norwegian folk music collection Ældre og nyere norske Fjeldmelodier published in Oslo (final volume appears in 1867)
  • Franz Liszt’s Hungarian Rhapsodies Nos. 1-15 published
  • Heinrich August Marschner’s Piano quartet op.158 published in Offenbach
  • Jacques Offenbach’s Lieder und Gesänge (5 songs) published in Paris
  • Robert Schumann’s Nachtlied op.108 for chorus and orchestra; Ballscenen op.109 for piano 4 hands (9 pieces) ; Drei Lieder op.114; Der Königssohn op.116 for voice, chorus and orchestra; Drei Clavier-Sonaten für die Jugend op.118 for piano; Drei Gedichte op.119; Symphony no.4 op.120; Sonata no.2 op.121 for piano and violin & Zwei Balladen op.122 published
  • Louis Spohr’s Symphony no.9 op.143 ‘Die Jahreszeiten’ published in Hamburg

Songs published

  • My Old Kentucky Home (Stephen Foster)
Franz Liszt - Complete Hungarian Rhapsodies (Philips)

Franz Liszt – Complete Hungarian Rhapsodies (Philips)

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