1854-55

<1852-18531856-1857>

Jan 1854

10

  • Heinrich Köselitz aka Peter Gast born (Annaberg, Germany) German author, composer. Died 1918

21

  • Robert Schumann’s Phantasie op.131 for violin and orchestra premiered in Hanover

31

  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Novellen op. 146 [Legal Amendments] premiered in Vienna

unk

  • Johannes Brahms’s Piano Trio No.1 op.8 completed

Feb 1854

9

  • Errico Petrella’s opera Marco Visconti premiered in Naples. Lib. Domenico Bolognese

16

  • Franz Liszt’s symphonic poem Orpheus premiered in Weimar
  • Giacomo Meyerbeer’s opera L’étoile du nord [the north star] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe

23

  • Franz Liszt’s symphonic poem Les Préludes & An die Künstler [To Artists] for chorus and orchestra (2nd version) premiered in Weimar

27

  • Robert Schumann attempts suicide by throwing himself into the Rhine  in Düsseldorf

Mar 1854

3

  • Juliusz Zarębski born (Zhytomyr, Ukraine) Polish composer, pianist. Died 1885

4

  • Robert Schumann is confined to an asylum near Bonn

8

  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera La punizione [the punishment] premiered in Venice, lib. C. Perini

10

  • Karel Miry’s opera La Lanterne magique [the magic lantern], lib. Hippoliet van Peene, premiered in Ghent

26

  • Emilie Hammarskjöld (32) dies in Charleston, NC during the birth of her fourth daughter

27

  • Edgar Tinel born (Sinaai-Waas, Belgium) Belgian composer, pianist. Died 1912

28

  • Anton Bruckner’s Libera me Domine [Deliver me O Lord] in f for 5 voices and accompaniment & Vor Arneths Grab [Before Arneth’s grave] for 4 voices and 3 trombones premiered in St Florian, Austria

Apr 1854

1

  • Marion Hood aka Sarah Ann Isaac born (Liverpool) English soprano singer, actress. Died 1912

16

  • Franz Liszt’s symphonic poem Mazeppa premiered in Weimar

18

  • Józef Elsner (84) dies in Warsaw

22

  • Anton Bruckner’s Laßt Jubeltöne laut erklingen [Let joy resound loudly] for four voices and brass premiered in Linz

May 1854

1

  • Percy French born (Elphin, Roscommon) Irish ballad singer, songwriter, painter. Died 1920
  • Alexei Lvov’s opera Starosta Boris [headman Boris], lib. Nikolai Ivanovich Kulikov, premiered in St Petersburg

2

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Luc et Lucette premiered in Paris, lib. P. Pittaud de Forges and E.-G. Roche

3

  • William Beale (70) dies in London

5

  • Antonio Smareglia born (Pula, Croatia) Austrian opera composer, teacher. Died 1929

13

  • Paul Klengel born (Leipzig) German multi-instrumentalist, conductor, composer, arranger. Brother of Julius Klengel (1859-1933). Died 1935

15

  • Pavel Pabst aka Christian Georg Paul Pabst born (Kaliningrad) German pianist, composer, teacher. Died 1897

18

  • Bernard Zweers born (Amsterdam) Dutch composer, teacher. Died 1924

20

  • Ernest Reyer’s opera Maître Wolfram premiered in Paris. Lib. François-Joseph Pierre André Méry and Théophile Gautier

26

  • César Franck’s Pièce pour Grand Orgue [Piece for Grand Organ] premiered in Paris

31

  • Vatroslav Lisinski (34) dies in Zagreb

Jun 1854

14

  • Frederik Rung born (Copenhagen) Danish composer, conductor. Died 1914

17

  • Henriette Sontag (47) dies in Mexico City of cholera

19

  • Alfredo Catalani born (Lucca, Italy) Italian opera composer. Died 1893

24

  • Franz Schubert’s opera Alfonso und Estrella premiered in Weimar, lib. F. von Schober

publications

  • Stephen Foster’s song Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair published

Jul 1854

1

  • Fred Billington born (Huddersfield) English bass-baritone singer, actor. Died 1917

3

  • Leoš Janácek born (Hukvaldy, Czech Rep) Czech composer, music theorist, folklorist, teacher, choirmaster, keyboard player. Died 1928

4

  • Heinrich Zöllner born (Leipzig) German composer, conductor, teacher, journalist. Son of Carl Friedrich Zöllner (1800-60). Died 1941

14

  • Alexander Kopylov born (St Petersburg) Russian composer, violinist. Died 1911

Aug 1854

23

  • Moritz Moszkowski born (Wroclaw) Polish composer, pianist, teacher. Died 1925

28

  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Nachtfalter op. 157 [Moths] premiered in Vienna

Sep 1854

1

  • Engelbert Humperdinck born (Siegberg, Germany) German composer, critic, teacher. Died 1921

14

  • Anton Bruckner’s Missa solemnis in b for chorus, orchestra and organ premiered in St Florian, Austria

Oct 1854

2

  • The Academy of Music opera house opens in New York with a performance of Vincenzo Bellini’s opera Norma. It is demolished in 1926

10

  • Gerónimo Giménez born (Seville) Spanish conductor, composer. Died 1923

12

  • James A. Bland born (Flushing, NY) American songwriter, singer, banjo player. Died 1911

18

  • Charles-François Gounod’s opera La nonne sanglante [The Bleeding Nun] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe and G. Delavigne

23

  • Johannes Brahms’s Piano Sonata no.3 op.5 premiered in Leipzig

Nov 1854

2

  • Anton Pann (c. 58) dies in Bucharest

6

  • John Philip Sousa born (Washington, DC) American composer, conductor, bandleader. Died 1932

9

  • Franz Liszt’s symphonic poem Festklänge [solid sounds] premiered in Weimar
  • Anton Rubinstein’s opera Sibirskiye okhotniki [The Siberian Hunters] aka Die sibirischen Jäger premiered in Weimar, lib. A. Zherebtsov

13

  • George Whitefield Chadwick born (Lowell, MA) American composer, teacher. Died 1931

21

  • Michael Balfe’s opera Pittore e duca [Painter and Duke] premiered in Trieste, lib. F.M. Piave

29

  • Charles-François Gounod’s Messe Solennelle de Sainte Cécile [Solemn Mass of St. Cecilia] for chorus and orchestra premiered in Paris
Anton Rubinstein 1829-1894

Anton Rubinstein 1829-1894

Dec 1854

3

  • Bedrich Smetana’s Trio for piano and strings premiered in Prague

16

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera Le muletier de Tolède [The mule driver of Toledo] premiered in Paris, lib. A. Philippe and L.F. Clairville

24

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera A Clichy premiered in Paris, lib. A. Philippe and E. Grangé

1854 (date unknown)

  • The accordion is patented by Anthony Foss
  • August Manns appointed a deputy conductor and member of the orchestra at the Crystal Palace, London, later enjoying a 42 year stint as chief conductor

publications

  • Hector Berlioz’s La damnation de Faust op.24 published in Paris
  • Johannes Brahms’s Sechs Gesänge op.7 published
  • Félicien David’s Les deux amies for piano published in Paris
  • Stephen Foster’s collection The Social Orchestra published in New York containing his own works, popular, traditional and light classical songs arranged for small group playing
  • Joseph Joachim’s Violin Concerto in one movement op.3 published in Leipzig
  • Clara Schumann’s Variationen … über ein Thema von Robert Schumann op.20 for piano published in Leipzig
  • Robert Schumann’s Märchenerzählungen op.113 for piano, viola and clarinet or violin; Sieben Clavierstücke in Fughettenform op.126 for piano; Fünf Lieder und Gesänge op.127; overture Julius Cäsar op.128; Cello Concerto aka Concertstück III op.129 for orchestra; Kinderball op.130 for piano 4 hands (6 pieces) & Phantasie in C op.131 for violin and orchestra published
  • Louis Spohr’s Symphony no.8 op.137 published in Leipzig
  • Henri Vieuxtemps’s Elégie in F minor op.30 published
  • Henryk Wieniawski’s Polonaise brillante op.4 published in Leipzig

Songs published

  • Hard Times Come Again No More, (I Dream of) Jeanie With the Light Brown Hair (both Stephen Foster)

Henryk Wieniawski 1835-80

Jan 1855

16

  • Albert Grisar’s opera Le Chien du jardinier [the gardener’s dog], lib. Joseph Philippe Simon and Eugène Cormon, premiered in Paris

20

  • Ernest Chausson born (Paris) French composer. Died 1899

25

  • Gaetano Rossi (80) dies in Verona

Feb 1855

4

  • Charles-François Gounod’s Symphony no.1 premiered in Paris

17

  • Antonio Magini-Coletti born (Jesi, Italy) Italian baritone singer, early recording artist. Died 1912
  • Franz Liszt’s Piano Concerto no.1 premiered in Weimar

18

  • Vera Timanova born (Ufa, Russia) Russian pianist. Died 1942

21

  • Vincenzo Valente born (Corigliano Calabro, Italy) Italian composer, songwriter, writer. Died 1921

26

  • Bedrich Smetana’s Triumphal Symphony premiered in Prague

27

  • Louis Lambillotte (58) dies in Paris

Mar 1855

8

  • Florence St. John aka Margaret Florence Greig born (Plymouth) English soprano singer, actress. Died 1912

14

  • Charles William Hempel (77) dies in London

17

  • Ramón Carnicer (65) dies in Madrid

Apr 1855

1

  • Gustav Hanns Struempel born (Tomilino, Russia) Russian composer. Died 1927

9

  • Joseph Hellmesberger, Jr. born (Vienna) Austrian composer, violinist, conductor. Son of Joseph Hellmesberger, Sr (1828-93), brother of Ferdinand Hellmesberger (1863-1940). Died 1907

11

  • Ambroise Thomas’ opera La cour de Célimène [The court of Celimene], lib. Joseph-Bernard Rosier, premiered in Paris

12

  • Pedro Albéniz (59) dies in Madrid

14

  • Edward Loder’s opera Raymond and Agnes premiered in Manchester. Lib. Edward Fitzball after Matthew Lewis

21

  • Heinrich Grünfeld born (Prague) Austrian cellist, teacher. Brother of Alfred Grünfeld (1852-1924). Died 1931

30

  • Henry Bishop (68) dies in London

May 1855

4

  • Ivan Zajc’s opera La Tirolese, lib. Francesco Guidi, premiered in Milan

9

  • Julius Röntgen born (Leipzig) German composer, conductor, pianist. Died 1932

11

  • Anatoly Lyadov born (St Petersburg) Russian composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1914

14

  • Fromental Halévy’s opera Jaguarita l’Indienne [Jaguarita the Indian], lib. Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges and Adolph Ribbing, premiered in Paris

24

  • Ernst Jedliczka born (Poltava, Ukraine) Ukrainian-German pianist, teacher, composer. Died 1904

Jun 1855

2

  • Daniel Auber’s opera Jenny Bell premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe

3

  • Sigismond Thalberg’s opera Cristina di Svezia [Christina of Sweden], lib. Felice Romani, premiered in Vienna

13

  • Fromental Halévy’s opera L’Inconsolable [The Inconsolable], lib. Jules-Henri Vernoy de Saint-Georges, premiered in Paris
  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Les Vêpres siciliennes [The Sicilian Vespers] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe and C. Duveyrier

17

  • Fritz Steinbach born (Grünsfeld, Germany) German conductor, composer. Brother of Emil Steinbach (1849-1919). Died 1916

23

  • Maude Valerie White born (Dieppe) Anglo-French composer, songwriter, pianist, teacher. Died 1937

Jul 1855

2

  • Franz Liszt’s Vereins-Lied [Club song] for chorus premiered in Weimar

5

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operettas Les deux aveugles [The two blind men], lib. J. Moinaux & Une nuit blanche [a white night], lib. E. Plouvier & ballet Arlequin barbier [Harlequin barber] premiered in Paris

25

  • Edward Solomon born (London) English stage composer, conductor, pianist. Died 1895

30

  • Jacques Offenbach’s ballet Pierrot clown & operetta Le rêve d’une nuit d’été [a midsummer night’s dream], lib. Étienne-Victor Tréfeu de Tréval, premiered in Paris, lib. E. Tréfeu
Jacques Offenbach 1819-1880

Jacques Offenbach 1819-1880

Aug 1855

2

  • Cornélie van Zanten born (Dordrecht, Netherlands) Dutch alto/mezzo-soprano singer, author, teacher. Died 1946

7

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Oyayaye premiered in Paris, lib. J. Moinaux

31

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Le violoneux [the fiddler] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Mestépès and E. Chevalet

Sep 1855

6

  • Ferdinand Hummel born (Berlin) German harpist, pianist, conductor, composer. Died 1928

13

  • Adolphe Adam’s cantata Victoire [victory] premiered in Paris

19

  • Jacques Offenbach’s ballet Polichinelle dans le monde [Bun in the world] premiered in Paris

21

  • Emilio Arrieta’s opera Marina premiered in Madrid. Lib. Francesc Campródon i Lafont

25

  • Jacques Offenbach leaves his position as conductor at the Théâtre de la Comédie Française in Paris

26

  • Franz Liszt’s Fantasy and Fugue on the chorale Ad nos ad salutarem undam for organ premiered in Merseburg

27

  • August Lanner (20) dies in Vienna of tuberculosis
  • George Frederick Bristow’s opera Rip Van Winkle premiered in New York. Lib. Jonathan Howard Wainwright after Washington Irving

29

  • Michele Esposito born (Castellammare di Stabia, Italy) Italian composer, pianist. Died 1929

Oct 1855

3

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Madame Papillon [Madame Butterfly] premiered in Paris, lib. L. Halévy

12

  • Arthur Nikisch born (Mosonszentmiklós, Hungary) Hungarian conductor

13

  • Johannes Brahms’s Piano Trio no.1 op.8 premiered in Gdansk (first version)

15

  • Désiré-Alexandre Batton (57) dies in Versailles

17

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera Le houzard de Berchini [Berchini’s hussar] premiered in Paris, lib. J.B. Rosier

18

  • Franz Liszt’s symphonic poem Prometheus premiered in Braunschweig

23

  • Eric Lewis aka Frederic Lewis Tuffley born (Northampton) English actor, tenor singer, comedian. Died 1935

29

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Paimpol et Périnette premiered in Paris, lib. P. Pittaud de Forges

30

  • Károly Aggházy born (Budapest) Hungarian pianist, composer, teacher. Died 1918

Nov 1855

1

  • Guido Adler born (Ivančice, Czech Rep) Austro-Czech musicologist, teacher, writer. Died 1941

6

  • Iosif Kotek born (Kamianets-Podilskyi, Ukraine) Russian violinist, composer, arranger. Died 1885

9

  • Domenico Cosselli (54) dies in Parma

13

  • Heinrich August Marschner’s incidental music for J. Rodenberg’s play Waldmüllers Margret premiered in Hanover

15

  • Frank Kidson born (Leeds) English folk song collector, writer, painter. Died 1926
  • Hector Berlioz’s cantata L’imperiale [The Imperial] premiered in Paris

17

  • Giuseppe Campanari born (Venice) Italian-American baritone singer, cellist. Died 1927

Dec 1855

3

  • Bedrich Smetana’s Piano Trio op.15 premiered in Prague

6

  • Franz Liszt’s Der 13. Psalm for chorus and orchestra premiered in Berlin

10

  • Hector Berlioz’s oratorio L’enfance du Christ [the childhood of Christ] op.25 premiered in Paris

11

  • Julian Edwards born (Manchester) Anglo-American operetta and musical theatre composer. Died 1910
  • David Ffrangcon-Davies born (Bethesda, Gwynedd) Welsh baritone singer, curate, singing teacher. Died 1918

15

  • Josef Klička born (Klatovy, Czech Rep) Czech organist, composer, teacher, conductor, violinist. Died 1937

18

  • Johannes Brahms’s Piano Trio no.1 op.8 (first version) premiered in Wroclaw

29

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Ba-ta-clan premiered in Paris, lib. L. Halévy

unk

  • Johannes Brahms’s Piano Sonata no.2 op.2 premiered in Frankfurt
Hector Berlioz 1803-1869

Hector Berlioz 1803-1869

1855 (date unknown)

publications

  • William Sterndale Bennett’s Pas triste, pas gai op.34 for piano & Six Songs op.35 published in London & Toccata op.38 for piano published in Amsterdam
  • Hector Berlioz’s choral work L’enfance du Christ op.25 & Lélio (orchestral suite with 6 movements including 1830’s Tempest overture) published in Paris
  • Frédéric Chopin’s 3 Polonaises op.71 for piano published in Berlin
  • Charles-François Gounod’s Messe solennelle de Sainte Cécile published in Paris
  • Franz Liszt’s Première Année: Suisse published
  • Heinrich August Marschner’s 3 Impromptus op.159 for piano and violin published in Offenbach & Piano trio op.167 published in Leipzig
  • Anton Rubinstein’s Two Piano Trios op.15; Three String Quartets op.17 & Cello Sonata no.1 op.18 published in Leipzig
  • Clara Schumann’s Drei Romanzen op.21 for piano & Drei Romanzen op.22 for violin and piano published in Leipzig
  • Robert Schumann’s Introduction and Concert-Allegro op.134 for piano and orchestra & Gedichte der Königin Maria Stuart op.135 (5 songs) published
  • Louis Spohr’s String quintet op.144 & Septet op.147 published in Leipzig & Rondoletto op.149 for piano published in Vienna
  • Johann Strauss II’s waltzes Glossen op. 163 Marginal Notes & Man lebt nur einmal! op. 167 You Only Live Once! premiered in Vienna

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