1856-57

<1854-18551858-1859>

Jan 1856

1

  • Heinrich August Marschner’s incidental music for S.H. von Mosenthal’s play Der Goldschmied von Ulm [The Goldsmith of Ulm] premiered in Dresden

6

  • Giuseppe Martucci born (Capua, Italy) Italian composer, conductor, pianist, teacher. Died 1909
  • George Thorne born (Chertsey, Surrey) English baritone singer, actor. Died 1922
  • Nicolas Bochsa (66) dies in Sydney

9

  • Stevan Stojanovic Mokranjac born (Negotin, Serbia) Serbian composer, teacher. Died 1914

11

  • Christian Sinding born (Kongsberg, Norway) Norwegian composer, violinist, pianist. Died 1941

17

  • Thomas Attwood Walmisley (41) dies in Fairlight, Sussex

18

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera Falstaff premiered in Paris, lib. J.-H. Vernoy de Saint-Georges and A. de Leuven

20

  • Johannes Brahms’s Zwei Sarabanden & Zwei Gavotte both for piano premiered in Vienna

23

  • Adolphe Adam’s ballet Le Corsaire [the corsair] premiered in Paris

unk

  • The Welsh National Anthem Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau [Land of My Fathers] composed by Evan James and James James
  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Abschieds-Rufe op. 179 [Cries of Farewell] premiered in Vienna

Feb 1856

4

  • Anna Gottlieb (81) dies in Vienna

6

  • Hector Berlioz’s Le spectre de la rose [the spectre of the rose] for mezzo-soprano and piano or orchestra premiered in Gotha

9

  • Léo Delibes’s opera Deux sous de charbon, ou Le suicide de bigorneau [two under coal or the suicide of periwinkle] premiered in Paris, lib. J. Moineaux
  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Un postillon en gage [A postilion pledge] premiered in Paris, lib. J. Adenis

12

  • Giuseppe Donizetti (67) dies in Istanbul
  • Friedrich von Flotow’s opera Albin premiered in Vienna, lib. S.H. Mosenthal

21

  • Giovanni Bottesini’s opera L’assedio di Firenze [The Siege of Florence], lib. Bottesini, premiered in Paris

23

  • Daniel Auber’s opera Manon Lescaut premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe

25

  • Giovanni Pacini’s opera Margherita Pusterla premiered in Naples, lib. D. Bolognese

27

  • Mattia Battistini born (Rome) Italian baritone singer, early recording artist. Died 1928

28

  • Marie Brema born (Liverpool) English mezzo-soprano singer, teacher. Died 1925
  • Eva Dell’Acqua born (Brussels) Belgian composer, soprano singer. Died 1930

Mar 1856

1

  • George Frederick Bristow’s Symphony in D minor op.24 Jullien Symphony premiered in New York

4

  • Errico Petrella’s opera L’assedio di Leida [The siege of Leiden], lib. Domenico Bolognese, premiered in Milan

5

  • The Covent Garden Opera House, London is destroyed by fire

24

  • Adolphe Adam’s opera Mam’zelle Geneviève premiered in Paris, lib. A. Philippe and A. de Beauplan

unk

  • Stanislaw Moniuszko’s overture Kain premiered in St Petersburg

Apr 1856

3

  • Mily Balakirev’s Scherzo no.1 in b minor for piano premiered in St Petersburg
  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Trombalcazar premiered in Paris, lib. C.D. Dupeuty and E. Bourget

14

  • Clara Schumann makes her London debut

26

  • Fromental Halévy’s opera Valentine d’Aubigny premiered in Paris. Lib. Jules Barbier and Michel Carré

29

  • Adolphe Adam’s operetta Les pantins de Violette [Violette’s puppets] premiered in Paris, lib. L. Battu
Fromental Halévy 1799-1862

Fromental Halévy 1799-1862

May 1856

3

  • Max Alvary born (Düsseldorf, Germany) German tenor singer. Died 1898
  • Adolphe Adam (52) dies in Paris
  • Adolfo Fumagalli (27) dies in Florence

4

  • Alexander Dargomyzhsky’s opera Rusalka premiered in St Petersburg. Lib. Dargomyzhsky after Pushkin

13

  • Franz Liszt’s Fantasy and Fugue on the Theme B-A-C-H for organ premiered in Merseburg

20

  • Helen Hopekirk born (Edinburgh) Scottish-American pianist, composer, teacher. Died 1945

26

  • George Strong born (New York, NY) American composer, painter. Died 1948

Jun 1856

3

  • Stephen Jenks (84) dies in Thompson, OH

8

  • Natalia Janotha born (Warsaw) Polish pianist, composer. Died 1932

12

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta La rose de Saint-Flour premiered in Paris, lib. M. Carré

18

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Les dragées du baptême [the baptism favours] premiered in Paris, lib. C.D. Dupeuty and E. Bourget

25

  • Zenón Rolón born (Buenos Aires) Argentinian composer, organist. Died 1902

Jul 1856

11

  • Alice Burville born (London) English soprano singer, actress. Died 1944

23

  • Herman Klein born (Norwich) English critic, author, singing teacher. Died 1934

24

  • Paolino Vassallo born (Cospicua, Malta) Maltese composer. Died 1923
  • Anton Bruckner’s motet Ave Maria in F major completed

26

  • George Bernard Shaw born (Dublin) Irish playwright, novellist, music and literary critic, essayist, co-founder of the London School of Economics. Died 1950

29

  • Robert Schumann (46) dies of pneumonia in an asylum in Bonn

31

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Le 66 premiered in Paris, lib. P. Pittaud de Forges and P.A. Chapelle
  • Robert Schumann’s funeral takes place in Bonn
  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Abschieds-Rufe [Farewell calls] premiered in Vienna

Aug 1856

5

  • Robert Lucas de Pearsall (61) dies in Schloss Wartensee near Rorschach, Switzerland

8

  • Lucia Elizabeth Vestris (59) dies in London
  • Leo Delibes’ operetta Deux vieilles gardes [Two old guards] premiered in Paris, lib. de Villeneuve and Lemonnier
  • Friedrich von Flotow’s ballet Die Libelle [the dragonfly] premiered in Schwerin

18

  • Charles H. Gabriel born (Wilton, IO} American Gospel songwriter, editor. Died 1932

20

  • The Bolshoi Theatre opens in Moscow, the fourth building in 60 years built for the Bolshoi Ballet and Opera companies and the current one

21

  • Orville Gibson born (Chateaugay, NY) American instrument maker, founder of Gibson guitars. Died 1918
  • Peter Joseph von Lindpaintner (64) dies in Nonnerhorn, Germany

24

  • Felix Mottl born (Vienna) Austrian conductor, composer. Died 1911

30

  • Amilcare Ponchielli’s opera I promessi sposi [The Betrothed] premiered in Cremona, lib. A. Manzoni

31

  • Franz Liszt’s Missa solennis zur Einweihung der Basilika in Gran [Solemn Mass for the dedication of the Basilica in Gran] for chorus and orchestra premiered in Esztergom, Hungary

Sep 1856

3

  • Selma Ek born (Stockholm) Swedish soprano singer. Died 1941

7

  • Anton Hekking born (Den Haag) Dutch cellist, teacher. Died 1935

8

  • Franz Liszt’s symphonic poem Hungaria premiered in Budapest
  • Mikhail Glinka’s Solemn Polonaise for orchestra premiered in Moscow

9

  • Joseph Küffner (80) dies in Würzburg

19

  • Aimé Maillart’s opera Les Dragons de Villars premiered in Paris. Lib. Joseph Philippe Simon and Pierre-Étienne Piestre

23

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Le financier et le savetier [the banker and the cobbler] premiered in Paris, lib. Crémieux and E. About

Oct 1856

3

  • Sigismond Thalberg arrives in New York for his first US tour

7

  • Anton Bruckner’s Ave Maria in F for 6 voices and accompaniment premiered in St Florian, Austria

9

  • Sylvain Dupuis born (Liège) Belgian composer, conductor, oboist, teacher. Died 1931

11

  • Bedrich Smetana leaves Prague for Gothenburg

14

  • Johann Kaspar Mertz (50) dies in Vienna
  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta La bonne d’enfants [the nanny] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Bercioux

16

  • Bedřich Smetana arrives in Gothenburg, Sweden where he stays for five years

22

  • Eduard Schütt born (St Petersburg) Russian pianist, conductor, composer. Died 1933

31

  • Robert Fischhof born (Vienna) Austrian composer, pianist, teacher. Died 1918

Nov 1856

12

  • Leo Delibes’ operetta Six demoiselles à marier [Six girls to marry] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Jaime and A. Choler

13

  • Raffaello Squarise born (Vicenza) Italian composer, conductor, violinist, teacher. Died 1945

17

  • William Knyvett (77) dies in Ryde, Isle of Wight

25

  • Sergei Taneyev born (Moscow) Russian composer, pianist, music theorist, teacher. Died 1915

27

  • Filippo Marchetti’s opera La demente [the lunatic], lib. Giuseppe Checchetelli, premiered in Turin

28

  • Alexander Dmitriyevich Kastalsky born (Moscow) Russian choral composer, folklorist, teacher. Died 1926

30

  • Charles-Alexandre Fessy (52) dies in Paris

Dec 1856

2

  • Robert Kajanus born (Helsinki) Finnish composer, conductor. Died 1933

12

  • François Bazin’s opera Maître Pathelin [Master Pathelin], lib. Adolph Ribbing and Joseph Adolphe Ferdinand Langlois, premiered in Paris

14

  • Peter Benoit’s opera Het dorp in’t gebergte [The village in the mountains], lib. Benoit, premiered in Brussels

27

  • André Gedalge born (Paris) French composer, teacher. Died 1926

1856 (date unknown)

  • William Sterndale Bennett appointed professor of music at Cambridge University and conductor of the Philharmonic Society

publications

  • Charles de Bériot’s Concerto No. 8 in D major op.99 published
  • Hector Berlioz’s cantata L’impériale op.26 published in Paris
  • Johannes Brahms’s Ballades op.10 published in Leipzig
  • Félicien David’s Doux souvenir, quatrième mélodie-valse & 6 ésquisses symphoniques for piano published in Paris
  • Franz Liszt’s Deuxième Année: Italie published
  • Anton Rubinstein’s Octet op.9; Three pieces op.11 for piano with violin, viola or cello; Violin Sonata op.13 & 6 Songs op.31 published in Leipzig
  • Clara Schumann’s Sechs Lieder aus Jucunde op.23 published in Leipzig
  • Louis Spohr’s 6 Salonstücke op.145 for violin and piano published in Hamburg; String quartet op.146; Duet op.148 for 2 violins; Duet op.150 for 2 violins; String quartet op.152 & Duet op.153 for 2 violins published in Leipzig

songs published

  • Gentle Annie (Stephen Foster)

Peter Benoit 1834-1901

Jan 1857

5

  • David Bispham born (Philadelphia, PA) American baritone singer. Died 1921

7

  • Franz Liszt’s Piano concerto no. 2 premiered in Weimar

15

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Les trois baisers du diable [The three kisses of the devil] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Mestépès

17

  • Wilhelm Kienzl born (Waizenkirchen, Austria) Austrian composer, pianist, conductor. Died 1941

19

  • Edward Francis Fitzwilliam (32) dies in London of tuberculosis
  • Franz Limmer (48) dies in Timişoara, Romania

22

  • Franz Liszt’s Sonate in b for piano premiered in Berlin

26

  • Ambroise Thomas’ opera Psyché premiered in Paris. Lib. Jules Barbier and Michel Carré

29

  • Karel Miry’s opera Karel V premiered in Ghent. Lib. Hippoliet van Peene

Feb 1857

7

  • Louis Moreau Gottschalk sails from New York to Cuba and spends the next five years in the Caribbean and Central America

12

  • Saverio Mercadante’s opera Pelagio premiered in Naples, lib. M. d’Arienzo
  • The Peabody Institute opens in Baltimore, MD, a conservatory founded by George Peabody and now a part of the The Johns Hopkins University

14

  • Johannes Bernardus van Bree (56) dies in Amsterdam

15

  • Mikhail Glinka (52) dies in Berlin, possibly from influenza or pneumonia
  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ Symphony in F “Urbs Roma” premiered in Paris

23

  • Blackface minstrel troupe Bryant’s Minstrels make their first appearance on Broadway

28

  • Gustave Kerker born (Herford, Germany) German composer, conductor. Died 1923

unk

  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Phänomene op. 193 [Phenomena] premiered in Vienna

Mar 1857

3

  • Alfred Bruneau born (Paris) French composer. Died 1934

4

  • Henry W. Petrie born (Bloomington, IL) American songwriter. Died 1925

12

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Simon Boccanegra premiered in Venice, lib. F.M. Piave

17

  • Niels Gade’s Symphony No. 6 in G minor op.32 premiered in Copenhagen

18

  • César Thomson born (Liège) Belgian violinist, composer, teacher. Died 1931

19

  • Stanislaw Moniuszko’s War Overture premiered in Vilnius

21

  • Camille Saint-Saëns’s Messe solennelle à quatre voix op.4 [Solemn Mass for 4 voices] premiered in Paris

24

  • Timothee Adamowski born (Warsaw) Polish composer, conductor, violinist, teacher. Died 1943
  • Josef Schalk born (Vienna) Austrian conductor, pianist, teacher, music administrator. Died 1900

25

  • Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville patents the phonautograph, the earliest known device for recording sound

unk

  • Julius Reubke’s Piano Sonata in B-flat minor completed
An 1859 Koenig phonautograph, the precursor to Edison's Cylinder Phonograph

An 1859 Koenig phonautograph, the precursor to Edison’s Cylinder Phonograph

Apr 1857

8

  • Charles Lecocq’s opera Le Docteur Miracle, lib. Léon Battu and Ludovic Halévy, premiered in Paris. Awarded joint first prize with Georges Bizet in a competition organised by Jacques Offenbach

9

  • Georges Bizet’s opera Le Docteur Miracle, lib. Léon Battu and Ludovic Halévy, premiered in Paris, lib. L. Battu and L. Halévy. Awarded joint first prize with Charles Lecocq in a competition organised by Jacques Offenbach

14

  • Edgar Stillman Kelley born (Sparta, WN) American composer, conductor, teacher, writer. Died 1944

22

  • Paul Dresser born (Terre Haute, IN) American songwriter, publisher. Died 1906

23

  • Ruggero Leoncavallo born (Naples) Italian opera composer. Died 1919

27

  • Charles-Valentin Alkan’s Cello Sonata in E major op.47 premiered in Paris by Alkan and Auguste Franchomme

28

  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ Tarantelle op.6  for flute, clarinet and piano premiered in Paris

29

  • František Ondříček born (Prague) Czech violinist, composer. Died 1922

30

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Dragonette premiered in Paris, lib. A. Jaime and E. Mestépès

May 1857

2

  • Frederic Cliffe born (Bradford) English composer, pianist, teacher. Died 1931

6

  • F. Doppler, K. Doppler & Ferenc Erkel’s opera Erzsébet [Elizabeth] premiered in Budapest, lib. J. Czanyuga

9

  • Luigi Illica born (Piacenza, Italy) Italian librettist. Collaborator with Puccini, Mascagni, Franchetti and others. Died 1919

12

  • Lillian Nordica born (Farmington, ME) American soprano singer. Died 1914

14

  • Jacob Niclas Ahlström (51) dies in Stockholm

16

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Vent du soir [evening wind] premiered in Paris, lib. P. Gille

23

  • Hans Kreissig born (Germany) German-American pianist, teacher, conductor, founder of the Dallas Symphony Orchestra (1900). Died 1929

27

  • Friedrich von Flotow’s opera Herzog Johann Albrecht von Mecklenburg premiered in Schwerin, lib. E. Hobein

29

  • Edwin Eugene Bagley born (Craftsbury, VT) American march composer, cornet player. Died 1922

Jun 1857

2

  • Edward Elgar born (Worcester) English composer, conductor. Died 1934

12

  • Achille Simonetti born (Turin) Anglo-Italian violinist, composer, teacher. Died 1928

17

  • Julius Reubke’s Sonata on the 94th Psalm for organ premiered in Merseburg Cathedral

Jul 1857

5

  • Julien Tiersot born (Bourg-en-Bresse, France) French ethnomusicologist, composer, teacher, tenor singer. Died 1936

8

  • Rudolf Dellinger born (Kraslice, Czech Rep) German operetta composer, choirmaster. Died 1910

14

  • Arthur Sullivan’s It was a lover and his lass for two sopranos and chorus premiered in London

15

  • Carl Czerny (66) dies in Vienna

16

  • Pierre-Jean de Béranger (76) dies in Paris

27

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Une demoiselle en lôterie [A damsel in a lottery] premiered in Paris, lib. A. Jaime and Crémieux

Aug 1857

1

  • Emilie Zumsteeg (60) dies in Stuttgart

8

  • Cécile Chaminade born (Paris) French composer, pianist. Died 1944

14

  • Max Wagenknecht born (Mecklenburg, Germany) German composer, organist. Died 1922

16

  • Eusebius Mandyczewski born (Hlyboka Raion, Ukraine) Ukrainian composer, conductor, musicologist, teacher. Died 1929
  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Aroldo premiered in Rimini, lib. F.M. Piave

18

  • Hans von Bülow marries Cosima Liszt in Paris

Sep 1857

3

  • Franz Liszt’s cantata Weimars Volkslied [Weimar folk song] for chorus and orchestra premiered in Weimar

4

  • Franz Liszt’s Festvorspiel [Festival prelude] for orchestra premiered in Weimar

5

  • Franz Liszt’s symphonic poem Die Ideale & Eine Faust-Symphonie in drei Charakterbildern [A Faust Symphony in three character pictures] for orchestra premiered in Weimar

18

  • Blanche Deschamps-Jéhin born (Lyons) French contralto singer. Died 1923

21

  • Daniel Auber’s opera-ballet Le cheval de bronze [the bronze horse] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Scribe

Oct 1857

3

  • Léo Delibes’s opera Maître Griffard premiered in Paris, lib. Mestépès

29

  • Michael William Balfe’s opera The Rose of Castille premiered in London, lib. A.G. Harris and E. Falconer

Nov 1857

5

  • Joseph Tabrar born (London) English popular songwriter. Died 1931

7

  • Franz Liszt’s Dante Symphony for soprano, chorus and orchestra premiered in Dresden

10

  • Franz Liszt’s symphonic poem Héroïde funèbre premiered in Wroclaw

13

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Les deux pêcheurs [the two fishermen] premiered in Paris, lib. C.D. Dupeuty and E. Bourget

14

  • Rosalind Ellicott born (Cambridge) English composer, pianist. Died 1924

17

  • Rose Caron born (Monnerville, France) French soprano singer, singing teacher. Died 1930

22

  • Louis Spohr leaves his position as Kapellmeister at the Electoral Court of Kassel
  • Ambroise Thomas’ Messe solennelle [Solemn Mass] for chorus and orchestra premiered in Paris

Dec 1857

9

  • Ambroise Thomas’ opera Le carnaval de Venise [Venice carnival], lib. Thomas-Marie-François Sauvage, premiered in Paris

11

  • François-Henri-Joseph Blaze (73) dies in Paris

17

  • Niccolò van Westerhout born (Bari) Italian composer. Died 1898

26

  • Giacomo Meyerbeer’s cantata Nice à Stephanie premiered in Nice

27

  • Charles Manners born (Hoddesdon, Herts) English bass singer, opera company manager. Died 1935
  • Friedrich von Flotow’s opera Pianella premiered in Schwerin, lib. E. Pohl

29

  • Liszt’s symphonic poem Hunnenschlacht [slaughter of the Huns] premiered in Weimar

30

  • Sylvio Lazzari born (Bolzano, Austria) Franco-Austrian composer. Died 1944

unk

  • Camille Saint-Saëns’s Fantaisie in E flat for organ premiered in Paris

1857 (date unknown)

  • Camille Saint-Saëns appointed organist at the Église de la Madeleine, Paris, a post he holds until 1877

publications

  • Charles-Valentin Alkan’s 12 études op.39 published in Paris
  • Louise Farrenc’s Sonata for cello and piano op.46 published
  • Anton Rubinstein’s Cello Sonata no.2 op.39; Three String Quartets op.47; Viola Sonata op.49 & Piano Trio in B op.52 published in Leipzig
  • Robert Schumann’s Fest-Ouverture op.123 for tenor, chorus and orchestra; Spanisches Liebeslieder op.138 (10 songs) & Vom Pagen und der Königstochter op.140 for voice, chorus and orchestra published

songs published

  • Gentle Nettie Moore; The One Horse Open Sleigh aka Jingle Bells (both James Pierpont)
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