1868-69

<1866-18671870-1871>

Jan 1868

3

  • Moritz Hauptmann (75) dies in Leipzig

4

  • Karel Bendl’s opera Lejla premiered in Prague. Lib. Eliza Krásnohorská

5

  • Matilda Sissieretta Joyner Jones born (Portsmouth, VA) American soprano singer. Died 1933

6

  • Vittorio Monti born (Naples) Italian composer, conductor, violinist. Died 1922

7

  • Hermann Bischoff born (Duisburg, Germany) German composer. Died 1936
  • Max Bruch’s Violin Concerto No.1 op.26 premiered in Bremen

8

  • Eduard Nápravník’s opera Nizhegorodtsï premiered in St Petersburg. Lib. Petr Kalashnikov

11

  • Ivan Zajc’s opera Nach Mekka [to Mecca], lib. B. Young, premiered in Vienna

21

  • Ivan Zajc’s opera Somnambula [the sleepwalker], lib. B. Young, premiered in Vienna

25

  • Juventino Rosas born (Santa Cruz de Galeana, Mexico) Mexican dance composer, violinist, bandleader. Died 1894

28

  • Frederic Lamond born (Glasgow) Scottish pianist, composer, teacher. Died 1948

30

  • Charles Lecocq’s opera L’amour et son carquois [Cupid and his quiver], lib. Auguste Marquet and Pierre Delbès, premiered in Paris

31

  • Anton Bruckner’s motet Pange lingua et Tantum ergo [Only one works and therefore] completed

Feb 1868

4

  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Die Publicisten op. 321 [The Publicists] premiered in Vienna

5

  • Lodewijk Mortelmans born (Antwerp) Belgian composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1952

11

  • Johann Strauss II’s polka Ein Herz, ein Sinn! op. 323 [One Heart, One Mind!] premiered in Vienna

13

  • Anton Bruckner’s Vaterländisches Weinlied [Patriotic Wine Song] for 4 voices premiered in Linz

15

  • Daniel Auber’s opera Le premier jour de bonheur [The first day of happiness] premiered in Paris, lib. A.-P. Dennery and E. Cormon
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s Symphony no.1 op.13 premiered in Moscow (first version)

16

  • Stanislaw Moniuszko’s cantata Sonety krymskie [Crimean Sonnets] premiered in Warsaw

26

  • Leonard Borwick born (London) English pianist, teacher. Died 1925

27

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s piano suite Souvenir de Hapsal premiered in Moscow
Anton Bruckner 1824-1896

Anton Bruckner 1824-1896

Mar 1868

2

  • Carl Eberwein (81) dies in Weimar

4

  • Julius Eichberg’s opera The Two Cadis premiered in Boston. Lib. Eichberg and Dexter Smith

5

  • Arrigo Boito’s opera Mefistofele premiered in Milan (first version). Lib. Boito after Goethe

6

  • César Franck’s Fantaisie (III) in C for organ premiered in Paris

9

  • Ambroise Thomas’s opera Hamlet premiered in Paris. Lib. Jules Barbier and Michel Carré after Shakespeare

17

  • Bedrich Smetana’s Rolnická [farming] for chorus premiered in Prague

22

  • Hamish MacCunn born (Greenock) Scottish composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1916

23

  • Fiddlin’ John Carson born (Fannin County, GA) American fiddler, songwriter, country music pioneer. Died 1949

Apr 1868

3

  • Franz Berwald (71) dies in Stockholm of pneumonia

10

  • Charles Lecocq’s opera Fleur-de-thé [tea blossom], lib. xx, premiered in Paris

11

  • Johannes Brahms’s A German Requiem op.45 for chorus and orchestra premiered in its complete form in Bremen

13

  • John Blackwood McEwen born (Hawick) Scottish composer, teacher. Died 1948
  • Friedrich von Flotow’s opera Am Runenstein premiered in Prague, lib. R. Genée

14

  • Ernst Kunwald born (Vienna) Austrian conductor. Died 1939

15

  • Antônio Francisco Braga born (Rio de Janeiro) Brazilian composer, teacher, conductor. Died 1945
  • Signe Lund born (Oslo) Norwegian composer, teacher. Died 1950

16

  • Joel Engel born (Berdyansk, Ukraine) Russian composer, teacher, Jewish ethnomusicologist. Co-founder of the Society for Jewish Folk Music. Died 1927

19

  • Max von Schillings born (Berlin) German composer, conductor, theatre director. Died 1933

21

  • Rosendo Mendizabal born (Buenos Aires) Argentinian tango pioneer, composer, conductor. Died 1913

22

  • José Vianna da Motta born (São Tomé) Portuguese composer, pianist, teacher. Died 1948

May 1868

6

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Le château à Toto [The castle at Toto] premiered in Paris, lib. H. Meilhac and L. Halévy

9

  • Anton Bruckner’s Symphony no.1 premiered in Linz (first version)

10

  • Anton Bruckner’s motet Inveni David for 4 voices and 4 trombones premiered in Linz

13

  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ Piano concerto no. 2 op.22 premiered in Paris

16

  • Bedrich Smetana’s opera Dalibor premiered in Prague, lib. J. Wenzig (first version)

17

  • Anton Bruckner’s Das Frauenherz, die Mannesbrust [The woman’s heart, the man’s chest] for 4 voices premiered in Linz

27

  • Marie Wittich born (Giessen, Germany) German soprano singer. Died 1931

29

  • Frédéric Alfred d’Erlanger born (Paris) Anglo-French composer, banker, music administrator. Died 1943

Jun 1868

3

  • Georg Jarno aka György Cohner born (Budapest) Hungarian operetta composer. Died 1920

5

  • Anselm Hüttenbrenner (73) dies in Graz

8

  • Alberto Jonás born (Madrid) Spanish pianist, composer, teacher. Died 1943

21

  • Richard Wagner’s opera Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg [The Mastersingers of Nuremberg] premiered in Munich, lib. Wagner

Jul 1868

1

  • Bob Cole born (Athens, GA) American composer, actor, stage producer, playwright, director. Died 1911

16

  • Louis-François Dauprat (87) dies in Paris

19

  • Florence Foster Jenkins born (Wilkes-Barre, PA) American soprano singer, socialite. Famed for her terrible singing. Died 1944
  • Gabriel Fauré’s Cantique à St.-Vincent-de-Paul premiered in Rennes
  • Karl Michael Ziehrer’s polka Augensprach [Catch Your Eye] op.120 premiered in Vienna

20

  • Franz Suppé’s operetta Die Frau Meisterin [The mistress], lib. Suppé, premiered in Vienna

22

  • Anton Bruckner succeeds Simon Sechter as professor of harmony, counterpoint and organ at the Vienna Conservatory

25

  • Ivan Zajc’s opera Schützen von Einst und Jetzt [Protecting past and present], lib. B. Young, premiered in Vienna
  • Riccardo Drigo’s opera Don Pedro di Portogallo [Don Pedro of Portugal], lib. Salvadore Cammarano, premiered in Padua

30

  • Richard Wagner’s song cycle Wesendonck Lieder premiered in Mainz

unk

  • Johann Strauss II’s polka Freikugeln op. 326 [Free-shooter] premiered in Vienna
Gabriel Fauré 1845-1924

Gabriel Fauré 1845-1924

Aug 1868

5

  • Oskar Merikanto born (Helsinki) Finnish pianist, organist, composer, conductor. Father of Aarre Merikanto (1893-1958). Died 1924

7

  • Granville Bantock born (London) English composer, conductor. Died 1946

11

  • Halfdan Kjerulf (52) dies in Grefsen, Norway

14

  • Leone Sinigaglia born (Turin) Italian composer, mountaineer. Died 1944

21

  • Vess Ossman born (Hudson, NY) American ragtime and pop banjo player, early recording star. Died 1923

27

  • Erik Schmedes born (Gentofte, Denmark) Danish tenor singer, singing teacher. Died 1931
  • Franz Xaver Schnyder von Wartensee (82) dies in Frankfurt

Sep 1868

3

  • Hubert Parry’s Intermezzo religioso for orchestra premiered in Gloucester

4

  • Anton Bruckner appointed organist at the Kaiserliche Hofkapelle Vienna

12

  • Jan Brandts Buys born (Zutphen, Holland) Austro-Dutch composer, organist. Died 1933

14

  • Théodore Botrel born (Dinan, France) French popular singer, songwriter, poet, playwright. Died 1925

30

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta L’île de Tulipatan [The island of Tulipatan] premiered in Paris, lib. H. Chivot and A. Duru

Oct 1868

2

  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Aus den Bergen op. 292 [From the Mountains] premiered in Pavlosk

6

  • Modest Musorgsky’s opera Zhenit′ba [The Marriage] premiered in St Petersburg, lib. N. Gogol
  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta La Périchole premiered in Paris, lib. H. Meilhac and L. Halévy

11

  • Paul Ambrose born (Hamilton, Ontario) Canadian organist, composer, choirmaster, conductor, teacher. Died 1941

Nov 1868

1

  • Johannes Brahms’ Hungarian Dances books 1 & 2 premiered in Oldenburg

6

  • John Forsell aka Carl Johan Jacob Forsell born (Stockholm) Swedish baritone singer, singing teacher, opera director. Died 1941

10

  • Louis Moreau Gottschalk’s Symphony no.2 ‘A Montevideo’ premiered in Montevideo

12

  • Edvard Grieg’s Serenade to Welhaven op.18 for chorus premiered in Oslo

13

  • Gioachino Rossini (76) dies in Paris

15

  • Johannes Brahms’s Waltzes op.39 (16 pieces for piano) premiered in Hamburg

28

  • František Drdla born (Žďár nad Sázavou, Czech Rep.) Czech violinist, composer. Died 1944
  • Carl Frühling born (Lviv, Ukraine) Austrian composer, pianist. Died 1937

Dec 1868

10

  • Charles Lecocq’s opera Le carnaval d’un merle blanc [The carnival of a white blackbird], lib. Henri Chivot and Alfred Duru, premiered in Paris

13

  • Franz Schubert’s opera Adrast premiered in Vienna, lib. J. Mayrhofer

20

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s Romance op.5 for piano premiered in Moscow

31

  • Claiborne Williams born (Ascension Parish, LA) American brass band leader, teacher (St Joseph Brass Band). Died 1952

1868 (date unknown)

publications

  • César Franck’s Six Pièces for organ published in Paris
  • WS Gilbert’s collection of illustrated comic verse The Bab Ballads published in London

Songs published

  • In the Sweet By and By (Joseph P. Webster, S. Fillmore Bennett)

Charles Lecocq 1832-1918

Jan 1869

16

  • Aleksandr Borodin’s Symphony no.1 premiered in St Petersburg
  • Léo Delibes’s operetta L’écossais de Chatou [the Scot of Chatou] premiered in Paris, lib. P. Gille and A. Jaime

26

  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Illustrationen op. 331 [Illustrations] premiered in Vienna

27

  • Will Marion Cook born (Washington, DC) American composer, violinist, conductor. Co-writer of Clorindy, the first all African American show to open on Broadway. Died 1944

Feb 1869

1

  • Julius Conus born (Moscow) Russian composer, violinist. Died 1942
  • Kerry Mills born (Philadelphia, PA) American popular music composer, violinist, publisher. Died 1948

2

  • Jean Périer born (Paris) French baritone singer, actor. Died 1954
  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Wein, Weib und Gesang op. 333 [Wine, Women and Song] premiered in Vienna

11

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s opera Voyevoda [The Provincial Governor] premiered in Moscow, lib. A.N. Ostrovsky and Tchaikovsky

18

  • Johannes Brahms’s Ein deutsches Requiem op.45 for 6 voices and orchestra premiered in Hamburg

24

  • Gioachino Rossini’s Petite messe solennelle (second version) premiered in Paris

26

  • Cesar Cui’s opera William Ratcliffe premiered in St Petersburg. Lib. Cui and Viktor Aleksandrovich Krylov

27

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s symphonic poem Fatum [Fate] op.77 premiered in Moscow

28

  • Rida Johnson Young born (Baltimore, MD) Playwright, songwriter, librettist. Worked with Victor Herbert, Jerome Kern, Ernest Ball and others. Some sources give birth year as 1875. Died 1926
  • Georges Bizet’s Roma symphony premiered in Paris
  • Johannes Brahms’s cantata Rinaldo op.50 for 5 male voices and orchestra premiered in Vienna
César Cui 1835-1918

César Cui 1835-1918

Mar 1869

3

  • Henry Joseph Wood born (London) English conductor, organist, composer. First conductor of the ‘Proms’ (1895). Died 1944

5

  • Ernest Guiraud’s opera En Prison [in prison], lib. Théophile Camille Chaigneau and Charles Boverat, premiered in Paris

8

  • Hector Berlioz (65) dies in Paris

10

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Vert-vert premiered in Paris, lib. H. Meilhac and L. Halévy

11

  • Francisco de Lacerda born (São Jorge, Azores) Portuguese composer. Died 1934
  • Hector Berlioz’s funeral takes place at the Montmartre cemetery in Paris

12

  • Ernst Haberbier (55) dies in Bergen

16

  • Willy Burmester born (Hamburg) German violinist. Died 1933

22

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta La diva premiered in Paris, lib. H. Meilhac and L. Halévy
  • Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov’s symphonic suite Antar premiered in St Petersburg

23

  • Charles Lucas (60) dies in Woking, Surrey

29

  • WS Gilbert and Thomas German Reed’s one act musical farce No Cards opens in London

unk

  • Johann Strauss II’s polka Éljen a Magyar! op. 332 [Long live the Magyar!] premiered in Budapest

Apr 1869

1

  • Alexander Dreyschock (50) dies in Venice of tuberculosis

3

  • Edvard Grieg’s Piano Concerto op.16 premiered in Copenhagen
  • Filippo Marchetti’s opera Ruy Blas premiered in Milan. Lib. Carlo D’Ormeville after Victor Hugo

5

  • Albert Roussel born (Tourcoing, France) French composer, naval officer. Died 1937

20

  • Carl Loewe (72) dies in Kiel, Germany, following a stroke
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s Valse caprice op.4 for piano premiered in Moscow

24

  • Léo Delibes’s opera La cour du roi Pétaud [The court of King Petaud] premiered in Paris, lib. P. Gille and A. Jaime

unk

  • Mily Balakirev resigns as director of the Free School of Music in St Petersburg

May 1869

5

  • Hans Pfitzner born (Moscow) German composer, conductor, pianist, teacher. Died 1949

10

  • Wilhelm Bernhardt Molique (66) dies in Stuttgart

22

  • Ivan Zajc’s opera Meister Puff [Master Puff], lib. B. Young, premiered in Vienna

Jun 1869

3

  • Georges Bizet marries Geneviève Halévy in Paris

4

  • Joseph Ascher dies in London on his 40th birthday of alcohol-related causes

6

  • Siegfried Wagner born (Triebschen, Germany) German composer, conductor. Son of Richard (1813-83) and Cosima (1837-1930) Wagner. Artistic director of the Bayreuth Festival 1908-30. Died 1930

13

  • Ede Poldini born (Budapest) Hungarian composer, pianist. Died 1957

15

  • Albert Grisar (60) dies in Asnières-sur-Seine, France

Jul 1869

13

  • Florence Perry born (London) English soprano singer, actress. Died 1949

25

  • Henryk Melcer-Szczawiński born (Warsaw) Polish composer, conductor, pianist, teacher. Died 1928

31

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta La princesse de Trébizonde premiered in Baden-Baden, lib. Nuitter and E. Tréfeu

Aug 1869

3

  • Emil Hertzka born (Budapest) Austro-Hungarian music publisher. Director of Universal Edition from 1907. Died 1932

11

  • Anton Bruckner’s motet Locus iste [this place] completed

13

  • Giuseppe Persiani (69) dies in Paris

14

  • Armas Järnefelt born (Vyborg, Russia) Finnish composer, conductor. Died 1958

Sep 1869

6

  • (Henry) Walford Davies born (Oswestry) Welsh composer, organist, teacher. Died 1941
  • Johann Strauss II’s polka Im Krapfenwald op. 336 [In Krapfen’s Woods] premiered in Vienna

8

  • Arthur Sullivan’s oratorio The Prodigal Son premiered in Worcester, lib. Sullivan

14

  • Ellen Beach Yaw born (Boston, NY) American soprano singer, singing teacher, early recording artist. Died 1947

22

  • Richard Wagner’s opera Das Rheingold premiered in Munich, lib. Wagner

29

  • Anton Bruckner’s Mass no.2 for chorus and brass premiered in Linz

30

  • Ernst Albert Couturier born (Poughkeepsie, NY) Cornetist, brass instrument manufacturer, inventor, composer. Died 1950
  • Peter Arnold Heise’s opera Paschaens datter [Pasha’s daughter], lib. Henrik Hertz, premiered in Copenhagen

Oct 1869

2

  • Errico Petrella’s opera I promessi sposi [The Betrothed], lib. Antonio Ghislanzoni, premiered in Lecco, Italy

6

  • Johannes Brahms’s Liebeslieder Waltzes op.52 for vocal quartet and piano 4 hands premiered in Karlsruhe

8

  • Komitas Vardapet aka Soghomon Gevorki Soghomonyan born (Kütahya, Turkey) Armenian composer, teacher, priest, singer. Died 1935

9

  • Harry Lawrence Freeman born (Cleveland, OH) American opera composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1954

23

  • Karl Millöcker’s operetta Der Regimentstambour [the regimental drum], lib. Heinrich Bornstein, premiered in Vienna

29

  • Anton Bruckner’s motet Locus iste in C for 4 voices premiered in Linz

31

  • Louis Moreau Gottschalk’s Variations de concert sur l’hymne portugais du roi D. Louis ler [Concert Variations on the Portuguese hymn of king Louis I] for piano and orchestra premiered in Rio de Janerio

Nov 1869

4

  • Lucienne Bréval aka Bertha Agnès Lisette Schilling born (Zurich) Swiss soprano singer, singing teacher. Died 1935

7

  • Johann Strauss’s Egyptischer march op.335 [Egyptian March] for orchestra premiered in Cairo to celebrate the opening of the Suez canal (which opened to shipping on November 17th)

10

  • Wilhelm Elsner born (Brno) German tenor singer. Died 1903

14

  • Ludwig Minkus’s ballet Le Lys premiered in St Petersburg

22

  • WS Gilbert and Frederic Clay’s musical comedy Ages Ago premiered at the Royal Gallery of Illustration in London. Gilbert is introduced to Arthur Sullivan at rehearsals

23

  • Valdemar Poulsen born (Copenhagen) Danish engineer, inventor of the magnetic wire recorder. Died 1942

24

  • Louis Moreau Gottschalk plays his last concert in Rio de Janeiro during which he collapses on stage

25

  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ Piano Concerto No. 3 premiered in Leipzig

29

  • Ivor Atkins born (Llandaff, Wales) Welsh organist, choirmaster, composer, music editor. Choirmaster and organist at Worcester Cathedral 1897-1950. Died 1953
  • Giulia Grisi (58) dies in Berlin
  • Gaetano Donizetti’s opera Gabriella di Vergy premiered in Naples, lib. A.L. Tottola
Ludwig Minkus 1826-1917

Ludwig Minkus 1826-1917

Dec 1869

8

  • Karel Miry’s opera Een engel op wacht [An angel in waiting], lib. Miry, premiered in Brussels

10

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Les brigands premiered in Paris, lib. H. Meilhac and L. Halévy

11

  • Stanislaw Moniuszko’s opera Paria premiered in Warsaw. Lib. Jan Konstanty Checinski
  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta La romance de la rose [the romance of the rose] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Tréfeu and J. Prével

12

  • Mily Balakirev’s Islamey: an Oriental Fantasy op.18 for piano premiered in St Petersburg

18

  • Louis Moreau Gottschalk (40) dies in Rio de Janeiro of peritonitis following a burst appendix

20

  • Daniel Auber’s opera Rêve d’amour [Dream of love] premiered in Paris, lib. A.-P. Dennery and E. Cormon
  • Fabio Campana’s opera Esmeralda, lib. Giorgio Tommaso Cimino, premiered in St Petersburg

23

  • Hugh Allen born (Reading) English conductor, organist, teacher, administrator. Died 1946
  • Julian Fontana (59) dies in Paris

26

  • Ludwig Minkus’s ballet Don Quixote premiered in Moscow

1869 (date unknown)

  • Eduard Nápravník appointed principal conductor of the Imperial Theatres in Russia, a post he holds until his death in 1916

publications

  • The first volume of François Joseph Fétis’s unfinished Histoire universelle de musique published in Paris
  • Edvard Grieg’s 25 Norwegian Folksongs and dances op.17 published

Songs published

  • The Little Brown Jug (J. Eastburn Winner)

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