1870-71

<1868-18691872-1873>

Jan 1870

1

  • Anton van Rooy born (Rotterdam) Dutch bass-baritone singer. Died 1932

3

  • Henry Eichheim born (Chicago, IL) American composer, conductor, musicologist, violinist. Died 1942

4

  • Percy Pitt born (London) English organist, conductor. Died 1932

5

  • Johannes Brahms’s Liebeslieder op.52 – 18 songs for 4 voices and piano 4 hands premiered in Vienna

6

  • Vienna’s Musikverein concert hall opens, arch. Theophil Hansen

12

  • Karel Burian born (Rakovník, Czech Rep) Czech tenor singer. Died 1924

13

  • Henryk Opieński born (Krakow) Polish composer, violinist, teacher, musicologist. Died 1942

20

  • Guillaume Lekeu born (Verviers, Belgium) Belgian composer. Died 1894
  • Jenny Lind makes her final concert appearance in Düsseldorf

22

  • Charles Tournemire born (Bordeaux) French composer, organist. Died 1939

26

  • Cesare Pugni (67) dies in St Petersburg

unk

  • Charles-Marie Widor appointed organist at St Sulpice, Paris (retires in 1934)

Feb 1870

2

  • Ivan Zajc’s opera Mislav premiered in Zagreb. lib. Franjo Markovich

7

  • Cornelis Dopper born (Stadskanaal, Netherlands) Dutch composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1939

9

  • Anton Rubinstein’s sacred opera Der Thurm zu Babel [The Tower of Babel] premiered in Kaliningrad, lib. Julius Rodenberg

10

  • Alessandro Bonci born (Cesena, Italy) Italian tenor singer. Died 1940

12

  • Marie Lloyd born (London) English Music Hall singer. Died 1922

13

  • Leopold Godowsky born (Vilna, Lithuania) Polish-American composer, pianist, teacher. Died 1938
  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Neu Wien op. 342 [New Vienna] premiered in Vienna

17

  • Karel Miry’s opera La Saint-Lucas premiered in Ghent. Lib. J. Story

21

  • François Bazin’s opera L’Ours et le pacha [The Bear and the Pasha], lib. Eugène Scribe and Joseph Xavier Boniface de Saintine, premiered in Paris
  • Emile Pessard’s opera La Cruche cassée [The Broken Pitcher], lib. Hippolyte-Julien-Joseph Lucas and Emile Abraham, premiered in Paris

22

  • Giovanni Bottesini’s opera Vinciguerra il banditto [Vinciguerra the bandit], lib. Eugène Hugot and Paul Renard, premiered in Monte Carlo

Mar 1870

2

  • Viktor Kalinnikov born (Oryol, Russia) Russian choral composer, conductor, teacher. Brother of Vasily Kalinnikov (1866-1901). Died 1927

3

  • Johannes Brahms’s Rhapsodie op.53 for alto, 4 male voices and orchestra premiered in Vienna

6

  • Oscar Straus born (Vienna) Austrian composer, conductor. Died 1954

16

  • Theodore Oesten (56) dies in Berlin
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s overture Romeo i Dzul′etta [Romeo and Juliet] premiered in Moscow (first version)

19

  • Johannes Brahms’ Liebeslieder Waltzes op.52 for 4 voices and orchestra (second version) premiered in Berlin
  • Carlos Gomes’s opera Il Guarany, lib. Antonio Enrico Scalvini and Carlo D’Ormeville, premiered in Milan

28

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s opera Undina premiered in Moscow, lib. V. Sollogub

Apr 1870

7

  • Joseph Ryelandt born (Bruges) Belgian composer. Died 1965

8

  • Charles de Bériot (68) dies in Brussels

19

  • William Henry Havergal (77) dies in Leamington Spa, Warwickshire
  • Camille-Marie Stamaty (59) dies in Paris

28

  • Hermann Suter born (Aargau, Switzerland) Swiss composer, conductor. Died 1926

30

  • Franz Lehár born (Komárno, Slovakia) Austro-Hungarian operetta composer. Died 1948

May 1870

2

  • Léo Delibes’s ballet Coppélia premiered in Paris

4

  • Zygmunt Stojowski born (Kielce, Poland) Polish composer, pianist. Died 1946

15

  • Anton Bruckner’s Mitternacht [midnight] for 6 voices and piano premiered in Linz

23

  • Ignaz Moscheles (75) dies in Leipzig

26

  • WS Gilbert and Frederic Clay’s comic opera The Gentleman in Black opens in London (27 performances)

29

  • Franz Liszt’s Zur Säcularfeier Beethovens [Säcular to celebrate Beethoven] for chorus and orchestra premiered in Weimar

Jun 1870

6

  • Karl Michael Ziehrer’s polka In Reih’ un Gleid [Line Up] op.159 premiered in Vienna

20

  • WS Gilbert and Thomas German Reed’s one act musical comedy Our Island Home opens in London

26

  • Richard Wagner’s opera Die Walküre [the Valkyrie] premiered in Munich, lib. Wagner

29

  • Joseph Carl Breil born (Pittsburgh, PA) American tenor singer, composer, conductor. Film score pioneer who composed music for DW Griffith’s Birth of a Nation and Intolerance. Died 1926
Richard Wagner - Die Walküre (Decca)

Richard Wagner – Die Walküre (Decca)

Jul 1870

2

  • Ernest Guiraud’s opera Le Kobold premiered in Paris. Lib. Charles Nuitter and Louis-Marie-Alexandre Gallet

7

  • Friedrich von Flotow’s opera L’ombre premiered in Paris, lib. J.H. Vernoy de Saint-Georges and A. de Leuven

15

  • Ernest Walker born (Mumbai) English composer, keyboard player, teacher, writer. Died 1949

17

  • Ludvík Čelanský born (Vienna) Czech conductor, composer, teacher. Founder and first principal conductor of the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra (1901). Died 1931

18

  • Hans von Bülow and Cosima Liszt are divorced in Lucerne, Switzerland

20

  • Luigi von Kunits born (Vienna) Austrian composer, conductor, violinist, teacher. Founding conductor of the Toronto Symphony Orchestra (1923). Died 1931

22

  • Josef Strauss (42) dies in Vienna

24

  • Pierre Dupont (49) dies in Lyon

Aug 1870

4

  • Harry Lauder born (Edinburgh) Scottish popular baritone singer, comedian, songwriter. Died 1950

8

  • Charles-François Gounod’s cantata A la frontière premiered in Paris

12

  • Arthur J. Lamb born (Somerset) English lyricist. Wrote with Albert Von Tilzer, Harry Von Tilzer, Henry W. Petrie, Kerry Mills and others. Died 1928

14

  • Franz Hauser (76) dies in Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany

25

  • Richard Wagner marries Cosima Liszt in Lucerne, Switzerland

31

  • Arthur Sullivan’s Overture di Ballo for orchestra premiered in Birmingham

Sep 1870

2

  • Arthur Saint-Léon (48) dies in Paris

10

  • All theatres in Paris are closed due to the Franco-Prussian war

15

  • Rose Sutro born (Baltimore, MD) American pianist. Sister of Ottilie Sutro (1872-1970). Died 1957

18

  • Amalie Marie Friederike Auguste (76) dies in Dresden
  • Karel Bendl’s opera Bretislav premiered in Prague. Lib. Eliza Krásnohorská

22

  • Arthur Pryor born (Saint Joseph, MO) American trombonist, composer, bandleader, conductor. Worked with the Sousa Band, the Pryor Band and with the Victor Recording Company. Died 1942

25

  • Bedřich Smetana’s opera Prodaná nevěsta [The Bartered Bride] premiered in Prague, lib. K. Sabina (fourth and final version)

28

  • Florent Schmitt born (Blamont, France) French composer, critic. Died 1958

Oct 1870

7

  • Uncle Dave Macon born (Smartt Station, TN) American country singer, songwriter, banjo player, comedian. Died 1952

8

  • Louis Vierne born (Poitiers, France) French composer, organist. Died 1937

20

  • Michael William Balfe (62) dies in Hertfordshire

24

  • August Brunetti-Pisano born (St Gilgen, Austria) Austrian composer, pianist, teacher. Died 1943

31

  • Mihály Mosonyi (55) dies in Budapest

Nov 1870

16

  • Franz Liszt’s Mosonyis Grabgeleit [Mosonyi grave escort] for piano premiered in Budapest

22

  • Howard Brockway born (Brooklyn, NY) American composer, pianist, teacher. Died 1951

23

  • Giuseppina Bozzacchi dies in Paris of smallpox on her 17th birthday

26

  • Heinrich Knote born (Munich) German tenor singer, singing teacher. Died 1953

30

  • Cecil Forsyth born (London) English composer, musicologist. Died 1941

unk

  • Max Bruch’s Symphony No.2 op.36 premiered in Leipzig

Dec 1870

1

  • Alex Lithgow born (Glasgow) Scottish composer, bandmaster, cornetist. Died 1929

2

  • Bedřich Smetana’s opera Dalibor premiered in Prague, lib. J. Wenzig (second and final version)

5

  • Vítezslav Novák born (Kamenice nad Lipou, Czech Rep) Czech composer, teacher. Died 1949
  • Herman Severin Løvenskiold (55) dies in Copenhagen

16

  • Alfred Hill born (Melbourne) Australian-New Zealand composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1960

17

  • Saverio Mercadante (75) dies in Naples

18

  • Arseny Koreshchenko born (Moscow) Russian pianist, composer, teacher. Died 1921
  • Eugène Ketterer (39) dies during the Siege of Paris

24

  • Rosario Scalero born (Moncalieri, Italy) Italian violinist, teacher. Died 1954
  • Richard Wagner’s symphonic poem Siegfried Idyll first performed at his house in Lucerne

28

  • Alexei Lvov (71) dies in Kaunas, Lithuania

30

  • Franz Doppler’s opera Judith premiered in Vienna. Lib. Salomon Hermann von Mosenthal

1870 (date unknown)

  • Ivan Zajc appointed director of the Croatian Opera and the Croatian Institute of Music

Eugène Ketterer 1831-70

Jan 1871

1

  • Charles Dalmorès aka Henri Alphonse Brin born (Nancy) French tenor singer, singing teacher. Died 1939

3

  • Daniel Alomía Robles born (Huánuco, Peru) Peruvian composer, musicologist. Died 1942

4

  • Vincent Adler (44) dies in Geneva

5

  • Frederick Converse born (Newton, MA) American composer, teacher. Died 1940

14

  • Johannes Brahms’s Cello Sonata no.1 op.38 premiered in Leipzig

18

  • Giovanni Bottesini’s opera Ali Baba premiered in London. Lib. Emilio Taddei

22

  • Leon Jessel born (Szczecin, Poland) German composer, conductor, music director. Died 1942

30

  • (Arthur) Seymour Hicks born (St Helier, Jersey) British stage and screen actor, singer, playwright, screenwriter, producer. Died 1949

31

  • WS Gilbert and Thomas German Reed’s three act musical play A Sensation Novel opens in London

Feb 1871

7

  • Wilhelm Stenhammar born (Stockholm) Swedish composer, conductor, pianist. Died 1927
  • Henry E. Steinway (73) dies in New York

10

  • Johann Strauss II’s operetta Indigo und die vierzig Räuber [Indigo and the Forty Thieves] premiered in Vienna, lib. M. Steiner

11

  • Antonio Bagioli (75) dies in New York

12

  • Robert Scott Fishe born (London) English baritone singer. Died 1898

25

  • The Société Nationale de Musique founded in Paris by Romain Bussine, Camille Saint-Saëns and others

Mar 1871

2

  • Mathieu Crickboom born (Verviers, Belgium) Belgian violinist, teacher. Died 1947

9

  • Arthur Fickenscher born (Aurora, IL) American composer, teacher, musical instrument inventor. Pioneer of microtonal music. Died 1954
  • Gabriel Fauré appointed organist at the Church of Saint-Honoré d’Eylau in Paris

14

  • Olive Fremstad aka Anna Olivia Rundquist born (Stockholm) Swedish-American soprano and mezzo-soprano singer. Died 1951

16

  • Johan Svendsen’s Cello Concerto op.7 premiered in Leipzig

17

  • Giuseppe Borgatti born (Cento, Italy) Italian tenor singer, singing teacher. Died 1950

25

  • Percy Buck born (London) English composer, organist, teacher, writer. Died 1947

26

  • François Joseph Fétis (87) dies in Brussels

28

  • Willem Mengelberg born (Utrecht) Dutch conductor. Died 1951
  • Johann Baptist Streicher (75) dies in Vienna
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s Priroda i lyubov′ [Nature and Love] for choir and piano premiered in Moscow

29

  • Fritz Cassirer born (Wroclaw) German conductor. Died 1926
  • The Royal Albert Hall (arch. Francis Fowke and Henry Y.D. Scott) opens in London
  • Franz Liszt’s Die Allmacht von Franz Schubert [The omnipotence of Franz Schubert] for chorus and orchestra premiered in Weimar
The Royal Albert Hall, London

The Royal Albert Hall, London

Apr 1871

9

  • Johann Strauss II’s march Indigo-Marsch op.33 premiered in Vienna

13

  • Ellaline Terriss aka Mary Ellaline Lewin born (Stanley, Falkland Islands) English soprano singer, stage and screen actress. Died 1971

19

  • Aleksandr Serov’s opera Vrazhya sila [The Power of the Fiend], lib. Pyotr Ivanovich Kalashnikov and Alexander Fyodorovich Zhokhov after Alexander Ostrovsky, premiered in St Petersburg

21

  • Leo Blech born (Aachen) German opera composer, conductor. Died 1958

23

  • Richard Wagner’s Kaisermarsch for chorus and orchestra premiered in Leipzig

27

  • Sigismond Thalberg (59) dies in Naples

unk

  • Paul Barroilhet (60) dies in Paris during the uprising precipitating the Paris Commune

May 1871

1

  • Charles-François Gounod’s motet Gallia: lamentation for soprano, chorus, organ and orchestra premiered in London
  • Arthur Sullivan’s cantata On Shore and Sea premiered in London, lib. Tom Taylor

6

  • Leopold Damrosch makes his American conducting debut at Steinway Hall, New York after emigrating earlier in the year

8

  • Frederick Keel born (London) English composer, baritone singer, teacher, arranger, folk song collector. Died 1954

13

  • Daniel Auber (89) dies in Paris

26

  • Aimé Maillart (54) dies in Moulins, France

30

  • Harry Macdonough aka John Scantlebury Macdonald born (Hamilton, ON) Canadian tenor singer, record company executive. Member of the Haydn Quartet. Worked for Edison, Victor and Columbia. Died 1931

unk

  • Vilem Blodek commited to a Prague asylum

Jun 1871

17

  • James Weldon Johnson born (Jacksonville, FL) American author, journalist, composer, politician, activist, teacher, diplomat. Brother of John Rosamond Johnson (1873–1954). Died 1938

29

  • Luisa Tetrazzini born (Florence) Italian soprano singer. Died 1940

Jul 1871

8

  • Clement Harris born (London) English composer, pianist, mercenary soldier. Died 1897

17

  • Carl Tausig (29) dies in Leipzig of typhoid

20

  • Ernest Hutcheson born (Melbourne) Australian pianist, composer, teacher. Died 1951
  • François Delsarte (59) dies in Paris

Aug 1871

8

  • William Henry Squire born (Ross-on-Wye) English composer, cellist. Died 1963

10

  • Oskar Fried born (Berlin) German conductor, composer. Died 1941

16

  • Zakaria Paliashvili born (Kutaisi, Georgia) Georgian composer, teacher, folk song collector. Died 1933

20

  • Andrey Labinsky born (Tobolsk, Russia) Russian tenor singer. Died 1941

Sep 1871

3

  • Václav Emanuel Horák (71) dies in Prague

19

  • Arthur Sullivan’s incidental music for Shakespeare’s play The Merchant of Venice premiered in Manchester

24

  • Isidore Barbarin born (New Orleans, LA) American jazz and brass band cornet and alto horn player. Worked with the Onward Brass Band, the Excelsior Brass Band, Papa Celestin and Bunk Johnson. Father of Paul (1899-1969) and Louis (1902-97) Barbarin. Died 1960

26

  • Cipriani Potter (78) dies in London

Oct 1871

6

  • The Fisk University Jubilee Singers, founded specifically for the purpose, go on a fund raising tour for the University

14

  • Alexander von Zemlinsky born (Vienna) Austrian composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1942

18

  • Johannes Brahms’s Schicksalslied op.54 [Song of Destiny] for 4 voices and orchestra premiered in Karlsruhe
The Fisk University Jubilee Singers

The Fisk University Jubilee Singers

Nov 1871

1

  • Alexander Spendiaryan born (Kakhovka, Ukraine) Armenian conductor, composer. Died 1928

10

  • Adolphe Biarent born (Frasnes-lez-Gosselies, Belgium) Belgian composer, cellist, conductor, teacher. Died 1916

18

  • Tom Turpin born (Savannah, GA) American ragtime composer, pianist. Died 1922
  • Amadeo Vives born (Collbato, Spain) Catalan composer. Died 1932

26

  • Jules Massenet’s suite for orchestra Scènes hongroise [Hungarian scenes] premiered in Paris

Dec 1871

7

  • Nicolas Levasseur (80) dies in Paris
  • Niels Gade’s Symphony No.8 in B minor op.47 premiered in Copenhagen
  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ symphonic poem Le Rouet d’Omphale op.31 premiered in Paris

10

  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ Marche héroïque op.34 premiered in Paris

11

  • Decima Moore aka Lady Moore-Guggisberg born (Brighton) English soprano singer, actress, suffragist. Founder of the Women’s Emergency Corps. Died 1964

12

  • Johan Severin Svendsen’s Sigurd Slembe, Symphonic Prelude op.8 premiered in Leipzig

14

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Boule de neige [snowball] premiered in Paris, lib. Nuitter and E. Tréfeu

20

  • Henry Kimball Hadley born (Somerville, MA) American composer, conductor. Died 1937

24

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Aida, lib. A. Ghislanzoni, premiered in Cairo as a part of the celebrations for the opening of the Suez Canal

26

  • W.S. Gilbert & Arthur Sullivan’s operetta Thespis premiered in London (64 performances)

28

  • Manuel Perez born (New Orleans) American ragtime and jazz cornetist, bandleader. Member of the Onward Brass Band 1903-30. Other members included King Oliver and Peter Bocage. Died 1946

1871 (date unknown)

  • Félix-Alexandre Guilmant appointed organist at la Trinité church in Paris, a post he holds until 1902
  • Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov appointed Professor of Practical Composition and Orchestration at the St. Petersburg Conservatory

publications

  • Johannes Brahms’s Lieder und Gesänge op.57 (8 songs) & Lieder und Gesänge op.58 (8 songs) published
  • Arthur Sullivan and Alfred Tennyson’s song cycle The Window published in London

Songs published

  • The Little Old Log Cabin In The Lane (Will S Hays) Oh ain’t I got the Blues! (A.A. Chapman) Onward, Christian Soldiers (Sabine Baring-Gould, Arthur Sullivan)

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