1874-75

<1872-18731876-1877>

Jan 1874

4

  • Josef Suk born (Křečovice, Czech Rep) Czech composer, violinist. Died 1935

7

  • Ernesto Cavallini (66) dies in Milan

18

  • Edouard Lalo’s Concerto in F major op.20 for violin and orchestra premiered in Paris

21

  • Euphrosyne Parepa-Rosa (37) dies during childbirth in London

24

  • Henri Duparc’s Suite de valses [suite of waltzes] for orchestra premiered in Paris

25

  • Vincent d’Indy’s overture Piccolomini premiered in Paris

Feb 1874

6

  • David Evans born (Resolven, Wales) Welsh organist, choirmaster, composer. Died 1948

8

  • Modest Mussorgsky’s opera Boris Godunov premiered in St Petersburg, lib. Musorgsky

9

  • Vsevolod Meyerhold born (Penza, Russia) Russian theatrical producer, director. Died 1940

11

  • Fritz Hart born (London) English composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1949

13

  • Johann Friedrich Franz Burgmüller (67) dies in Paris
  • Emile Pessard’s opera Don Quichotte premiered in Paris. Lib. Jean-Marie Deschamps after Miguel de Cervantes

15

  • Georges Bizet’s overture Patrie premiered in Paris

18

  • Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov’s Symphony No.3 op.32 (first version) completed

20

  • Mary Garden born (Aberdeen) Scottish soprano singer. Died 1967

22

  • Jules Massenet’s Ouverture de Phèdre [Phaedra overture] premiered in Paris

24

  • George Botsford born (Sioux Falls, SD) American ragtime and pop composer. Died 1949

unk

  • Charles Villiers Stanford appointed organist at Trinity College, Cambridge
Modest Mussorgsky 1839-1881

Modest Mussorgsky 1839-1881

Mar 1874

7

  • Amilcare Ponchielli’s opera I lituani [the Lithuanians] premiered in Milan, lib. A. Ghislanzoni

12

  • Edmund Eysler born (Vienna) Austrian composer. Died 1949
  • Robert Planquette’s operetta Paille d’Avoine [Oat straw], lib. Adolphe Jaime, J. Rozale and Alphonse Lemonnier, premiered in Paris

16

  • Franz Liszt’s lied Des toten Dichters Liebe [The dead poet’s love] premiered in Budapest

17

  • Johan Severin Svendsen’s Norwegian Artists’ Carnival op.14 for orchestra premiered in Oslo

20

  • Hans Christian Lumbye (63) dies in Copenhagen

21

  • Carlos Gomes’s opera Salvator Rosa premiered in Genoa. Lib. Antonio Ghislanzoni
  • Charles Lecocq’s opera Giroflé-Girofla premiered in Brussels. Lib. Eugène Leterrier and Albert-Guillaume-Florent Vanloo

22

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s String Quartet no.2 premiered in Moscow

25

  • Johannes Brahms’s Variations on a Hungarian Song op.21/2 – 13 variations for piano premiered in London

26

  • Oskar Nedbal born (Tábor, Czech Rep) Czech conductor, viola player, composer. Died 1930

27

  • Bedřich Smetana’s opera Dvě vdovy [The Two Widows] premiered in Prague, lib. E. Züngel (first version)

28

  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ Variations on a Theme of Beethoven op.35 for two pianos premiered in Paris

29

  • Antonín Dvořák’s Symphony no.3 op.10 premiered in Prague

31

  • Henri Marteau born (Reims, France) French composer, violinist, teacher. Died 1934

unk

  • Jules Massenet’s suite Scènes pittoresques [picturesque scenes] for orchestra premiered in Paris

Apr 1874

5

  • Johann Strauss II’s operetta Die Fledermaus [the bat] premiered in Vienna, lib. C. Haffner and R. Genée

9

  • Julius Bittner born (Vienna) Austrian composer, judge, founder of the journal Der Merker. Died 1939

11

  • Henri Duparc’s Poème nocturne for piano premiered in Paris

16

  • Zdenek Fibich’s opera Bukovin premiered in Prague. Lib. Karel Boromejskÿ

22

  • Ambroise Thomas’ opera Gille et Gillotin premiered in Paris. Lib. Thomas-Marie-François Sauvage

24

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s opera The Oprichnik premiered in St Petersburg, lib. Tchaikovsky

25

  • Amédée Méreaux (71) dies in Rouen

May 1874

1

  • Vilem Blodek (39) dies in a Prague asylum

9

  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz Wo die Zitronen blühen op. 364 [Where the Lemons Blossom] premiered in Turin

13

  • Robert Radford born (Nottingham) English bass singer. Died 1933
  • Johannes Brahms’s Marias Wallfahrt Maria ging aus wandern op.22/3 [Mary’s pilgrimage: Mary went out walking] for choir premiered in Leipzig

16

  • Gabriel Fauré’s Suite d’orchestre premiered in Paris

20

  • Gyula, Sandor and Ferenc Erkel’s folk music drama Brankovics György [George Brankovics] premiered in Budapest, lib. L. Odry and F. Ormai

21

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Bagatelle premiered in Paris, lib. Crémieux and E. Blum

22

  • Giuseppe Verdi’s Messa da Requiem for chorus and orchestra premiered in Milan
Antonín Dvořák 1841-1904

Antonín Dvořák 1841-1904

Jun 1874

3

  • Charles Villiers Stanford’s Piano Concerto in B premiered in Cambridge

4

  • Frank Brower (50) dies in Philadelphia, PA

11

  • Richard Stöhr born (Vienna) Austrian composer, teacher, writer. Died 1967

22

  • Modest Mussorgsky’s suite Pictures at an Exhibition completed

Jul 1874

3

  • Franz Bendel (41) dies in Boston, MA, of typhoid while on a US tour

26

  • Sergei Koussevitzky born (Vyshny Volochyok, Russia) Russo-American composer, conductor, bassist. Died 1951

Aug 1874

22

  • Edward Bairstow born (Huddersfield) English organist, composer. Died 1946

Sep 1874

11

  • Heinrich Kaspar Schmid born (landau, Germany) German composer, teacher. Died 1953

12

  • Ivan Zajc’s opera Der gefangene Amor [The captive Cupid], lib. B. Young, premiered in Vienna

13

  • Nicholas Gatty born (Bradfield, Yorks) English opera composer, critic, conductor. Died 1946
  • Arnold Schoenberg born (Vienna) Austrian composer, violinist, teacher. Died 1951

21

  • Gustav Holst born (Cheltenham) English composer, teacher, trombonist. Father of Imogen Holst (1907-84). Died 1934

23

  • Edvard Grieg’s cantata At the Halfdan Kjerulf Statue premiered in Oslo

24

  • Antonín Dvořák’s String Quartet No.7 op.16 completed

Oct 1874

6

  • Thomas Tellefsen (50) dies in Paris

11

  • Hermann Götz’s opera Der Widerspenstigen Zähmung [The Taming of the Shrew], lib. xx after Shakespeare,  premiered in Mannheim

15

  • Selma Kurz born (Biala, Poland) Austrian soprano singer. Died 1933

16

  • Alfred Cellier’s operetta The Sultan of Mocha premiered in Manchester. Lib. xx

20

  • Charles Ives born (Danbury, CT) American composer, organist. Died 1954

26

  • Peter Cornelius (49) dies in Mainz from diabetes

31

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Madame l’archiduc premiered in Paris, lib. A. Millaud

unk

  • James A. Bland’s song Carry Me Back to Old Virginny first performed in Baltimore, MD

Nov 1874

12

  • Bert Williams born (Sweetes, Antigua) American popular singer, comedian, vaudevillian. Died 1922

14

  • Charles Lecocq’s opera Les prés Saint-Gervais [Saint-Gervais Meadows], lib. Victorien Sardou and Philippe-Émile-François Gille, premiered in Paris

15

  • Alberto Zelman born (Melbourne) Australian violinist, conductor, founder of the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra (1906). Died 1927

24

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Grund (83) dies in Hamburg
  • Antonín Dvořák’s opera Král a uhlíř [King and Charcoal Burner] premiered in Prague, lib. B.J. Lobeský (first version)

Dec 1874

4

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s overture Vakula the Smith premiered in Moscow

13

  • Josef Lhévinne born (Orel, Russia) Russian pianist, teacher. Died 1944

19

  • Arthur Sullivan’s incidental music for Shakespeare’s play The Merry Wives of Windsor premiered in London

22

  • Franz Schmidt born (Bratislava) Austro-Hungarian composer, cellist, pianist. Died 1939
  • Johann Peter Pixis (86) dies in Baden-Baden, Germany

25

  • Lina Cavalieri born (Viterbo, Italy) Italian soprano singer. Died 1944

26

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Whittington premiered in London, lib. Nuitter, E. Tréfeu and H.B. Farnie

31

  • Ernest Austin born (London) English composer. Brother of Frederic Austin (1872-1952). Died 1947

1874 (date unknown)

  • Henry Thomas aka Ragtime Texas born (Big Sandy, TX) American blues singer, guitarist. Recorded 23 sides for Vocalion 1927-29. Death date unknown (after 1950)

publications

  • Pauline Viardot’s songbook 100 songs published

Sheet music for Tchaikovsky’s overture Vakula the Smith

Jan 1875

1

  • Philip Michael Faraday born (London) English lawyer, surveyor, composer, organist, theatre producer. Died 1944

2

  • Joaquín Valverde Sanjuán born (Madrid) Spanish zarzuela composer. Died 1918

10

  • Jules Massenet’s suite Scènes dramatiques d’après Shakespeare [dramatic scenes after Shakespeare] for orchestra premiered in Paris

11

  • Reinhold Glière born (Kiev) Polish-German composer, teacher. Died 1956

18

  • Joseph Philbrick Webster (55) dies in Elkhorn, WN

24

  • Anton Rubinstein’s opera Demon premiered in St Petersburg, lib. P.A. Viskovatov and A. Maykov
  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ Danse Macabre op.40 for orchestra premiered in Paris

25

  • Leopold Jansa (79) dies in Vienna

28

  • Julián Carrillo born (Ahualulco, Mexico) Mexican composer, conductor, theorist. Died 1965

Feb 1875

1

  • William Sterndale Bennett (58) dies in London

2

  • Fritz Kreisler born (Vienna) Austro-American composer, violinist. Died 1962
  • Erkki Melartin born (Helsinki) Finnish composer. Died 1937
  • Luigi Agnesi (41) dies in London

3

  • Camille Saint-Saëns marries Marie Laure Émilie Truffot in Paris

5

  • Ricardo Viñes born (Lleida, Spain) Catalan concert pianist. Died 1943

7

  • Edouard Lalo’s Symphony Espagnole premiered in Paris
  • Filippo Marchetti’s opera Gustavo Wasa premiered in Turin. Lib. Carlo D’Ormeville
  • Ludwig Minkus’s ballet Les Brigands premiered in St Petersburg

8

  • Georgette Leblanc born (Rouen) French soprano singer, actress, author. Died 1941

9

  • Sydney Nicholson born (London) English choir director, composer, conductor, founder of the Royal School of Church Music (1927). Died 1947

13

  • Johannes Brahms’s Fragen Mein liebes Herz [Questions My dear heart] op.64/3 for 4 voices and piano premiered in Mannheim

24

  • Johannes Brahms’s Der Abend Senke, strahlender Gott op.64/2 [The evening Valley, radiant god] for 4 voices and piano premiered in Vienna

26

  • Richard Wetz born (Gleiwitz, Poland) German composer, teacher, conductor. Died 1935

27

  • Johann Strauss II’s operetta Cagliostro in Wien premiered in Vienna, lib. F. Zell and R. Genée

28

  • Viliam Figuš-Bystrý born (Banská Bystrica, Slovakia) Slovak composer, teacher. Died 1937

Mar 1875

3

  • Georges Bizet’s opera Carmen premiered in Paris, lib. H. Meilhac and L. Halévy

6

  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ Quartet for piano and strings op.41 premiered in Paris

7

  • Maurice Ravel born (Ciboure, France) French composer, pianist. Died 1937

8

  • Franco Alfano born (Posilippo, Italy) Italian composer, pianist. Died 1954

9

  • Martin Shaw born (London) English composer, conductor, theatre producer. Died 1958

10

  • Alexander Goldenweiser born (Kishishev, Russia) Russian teacher, pianist, composer. Died 1961
  • Joseph Daussoigne-Méhul (84) dies in Liège
  • Karl Goldmark’s opera Die Königin von Saba [The Queen of Sheba] premiered in Vienna, lib. S.H. Mosenthal
  • Franz Liszt’s Die Glocken des Strassburger Münsters [The Bells of Strasbourg Cathedral] for chorus and orchestra premiered in Budapest

14

  • Bedrich Smetana’s symphonic poem Vyšehrad premiered in Prague

15

  • César Franck’s Rédemption for soprano, chorus, narration and orchestra premiered in Paris (second and final version)

17

  • Ferdinand Laub (43) dies in Bolzano, Italy, of tuberculosis

18

  • Jules Massenet’s oratorio Ève premiered in Paris, lib. L. Gallet

25

  • W.S. Gilbert & Arthur Sullivan’s operetta Trial by Jury premiered in London (131 performances)

31

  • Emmanuel Chabrier’s opera Fisch-Ton-Kan premiered in Paris. Lib. Paul Verlaine
Georges Bizet - Carmen (EMI)

Georges Bizet – Carmen (EMI)

Apr 1875

4

  • Pierre Monteux born (Paris) French conductor. Died 1964
  • Bedrich Smetana’s symphonic poem Vltava premiered in Prague

5

  • Mistinguett aka Jeanne Bourgeois born (Enghien-les-Bains, France) French cabaret singer, actress. Died 1956

10

  • Arrigo Boito’s opera Faust premiered in Milan (second and final version)

12

  • Edgar Manas born (Istanbul) Armenian composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1964

14

  • Jules Massenet’s incidental music for G. de Porto-Riche’s play Un drame sous Philippe II [A drama under Philip II] premiered in Paris

17

  • Anton Rubinstein’s opera Die Maccabäer [the Maccabees] premiered in Berlin, lib. S.H. Mosenthal

20

  • Felipe Pedrell’s opera Quasimodo premiered in Barcelona. Lib. John Barret after Victor Hugo

22

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Les hannetons [the beetles] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Grangé and A. Millaud

28

  • Franz Liszt’s Variationen über das Motiv von Weinen, Klagen, Sorgen, Zagen und des Crucifixus der H-moll Messe [Variations on the theme of Weeping, Lamenting, Fearing, Hesitating and the Crucifixion of the B minor Mass] for piano premiered in Hanover

29

  • Paul Rubens born (London) English songwriter, librettist. Died 1917

May 1875

8

  • Johannes Brahms’s Neue Liebeslieder op.65 [new love songs] – 15 songs for 4 voices and piano 4 hands premiered in Karlsruhe

15

  • Henri Duparc’s symphonic poem Lénore premiered in Paris

21

  • Charles Villiers Stanford’s The Resurrection op.5 for tenor, chorus and orchestra premiered in Cambridge

31

  • Italo Montemezzi born (Vigasio, Italy) Italian composer, conductor. Died 1952

unk

  • Paul Sarebresole born (New Orleans, LA) American ragtime composer. Died 1911

Jun 1875

3

  • Georges Bizet (36) dies in Bougival, France following a heart attack

5

  • George Bizet’s funeral takes place in Paris
  • Arthur Sullivan’s operetta The Zoo premiered in London, lib. B. Rowe

13

  • Ambroise Thomas’ cantata Hommage à Boieldieu [Tribute to Boieldieu] premiered in Rouen

26

  • Riccardo Stracciari born (Casalecchio di Reno, Italy) Italian baritone singer, singing teacher. Died 1955

Jul 1875

5

  • WS Gilbert and Frederic Clay’s musical comedy Eyes and No Eyes opens in London

10

  • Marguerite Sylva aka Marguerite Alice Hélène Smith born (Brussels) Belgian mezzo-soprano singer, actress. Died 1957

17

  • Donald Francis Tovey born (Eton, Berkshire) English composer, pianist, musicologist, teacher. Died 1940

19

  • Alfredo Catalani’s opera La falce [the scythe], lib. Arrigo Boito, premiered in Milan

23

  • Leoš Janácek’s Chorale Fantasia for organ premiered in Prague

24

  • Leoš Janácek graduates from Prague Organ School with top honours

30

  • James W. Tate born (Wolverhampton) English composer, popular songwriter, revue producer. Died 1922

Aug 1875

1

  • Willie Cornish born (New Orleans, LA) American jazz trombonist, bandleader, teacher . Worked with the Buddy Bolden Band and the Eureka Brass Band. Died 1942

6

  • Marcel Labey born (Vésinet, France) French conductor, composer. Died 1968

9

  • Reynaldo Hahn born (Caracas) Franco-Venezuelan composer, conductor, critic. Died 1947
  • Albert Ketèlbey born (Birmingham) English composer, conductor, pianist. Died 1959

12

  • Ettore Panizza born (Buenos Aires) Argentinian composer, conductor. Died 1967

15

  • Samuel Coleridge-Taylor born (London) English composer, conductor. Died 1912

17

  • Franz Liszt’s Rákóczy March for piano premiered in Budapest

29

  • Leonardo De Lorenzo born (Viggiano, Italy) Italian flute virtuoso, teacher, composer. Died 1962

Sep 1875

3

  • Franz Liszt’s Carl August weilt mit uns [Carl August bored with us] for piano & Der Herr bewahret die Seelen seiner Heiligen [The Lord keepeth the souls of his saints] for chorus, brass, organ and timpani premiered in Weimar

15

  • Louise Farrenc (71) dies in Paris

22

  • Mikalojus Konstantinas Čiurlionis born (Sena Varėna, Lithuania) Lithuanian artist, composer. Died 1911

24

  • William Walker (66) dies in Spartanburg, SC

27

  • Cléo de Mérode born (Paris) French dancer, model. Died 1966

28

  • Hermine Bosetti born (Vienna) German soprano singer. Died 1936

29

  • Jean-Baptiste Singelée (63) dies in Ostend, Belgium

Oct 1875

2

  • Henry Février born (Paris) French composer. Died 1957

4

  • Alfred Cellier’s operetta The Tower of London premiered in Manchester. Lib. Benjamin Charles Stephenson

5

  • Cyril Rootham born (Bristol) English composer, organist, teacher. Died 1938

19

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta La boulangère a des écus [The baker has crowns] premiered in Paris, lib. H. Meilhac and L. Halévy

23

  • David Everard Ford (78) dies in Bedford, Bedfordshire

25

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s Piano Concerto no.1 op.23 premiered in Boston, MA

26

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Le voyage dans la lune [the voyage to the moon] premiered in Paris, lib. Leterrier, Vanloo and A. Mortier

31

  • Jules Massenet’s Lamento, pour orchestre, suite à l’occasion de la mort de G. Bizet [Lament for orchestra, following the occasion of the death of G. Bizet] premiered in Paris
  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ Piano concerto no. 5 premiered in Paris

unk

  • Johann Strauss II’s polka Auf der Jagd op. 373 [On the Hunt!] premiered in Vienna

Nov 1875

3

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta La créole premiered in Paris, lib. A. Millaud and H. Meilhac

10

  • Charles Lecocq’s opera Le pompon [the cake], lib. Henri-Charles Chivot and Henri-Alfred Duru, premiered in Paris

14

  • James Francis Cooke born (Bay City, MI) American pianist, composer, playwright, music publisher, journalist, writer, editor. Died 1960

17

  • Aniceto Ortega (50) dies in Mexico City

18

  • Johannes Brahms’s Piano Quartet no.3 op.60 premiered in Vienna

19

  • Jules Massenet’s incidental music for T. Barrière and H. Mürger’s play La vie de bohème [Bohemian life] premiered in Paris
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s Symphony no.3 op.29 premiered in Moscow
Tchaikovsky - Complete Symphonies (Chandos)

Tchaikovsky – Complete Symphonies (Chandos)

Dec 1875

14

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Tarte à la crème [Cream Pie] premiered in Paris, lib. A. Millaud

21

  • Charles Lecocq’s opera La petite mariée [The little bride], lib. Eugène Leterrier and Albert-Guillaume-Florent Vanloo,  premiered in Paris

22

  • Antoine Mariotte born (Avignon) French conductor, composer. Died 1944
  • Ignaz Brüll’s opera Das goldene Kreuz [the golden cross], lib. Salomon Hermann von Mosenthal, premiered in Berlin

30

  • Joachim Raff’s Symphony no.7 In the Alps premiered in Wiesbaden

1875 (date unknown)

Songs published

  • My Grandfather’s Clock (Henry C. Work)

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