1876-77

<1874-1875 1878-1879>

Jan 1876

5

  • Franz Suppé’s operetta Fatinitza premiered in Vienna. Lib. Camillo Walzel and Richard Genée

7

  • William Hurlstone born (London) English pianist, composer, teacher. Died 1906

10

  • Edmond de Coussemaker (70) dies in Lille

12

  • Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari born (Venice) Italian composer, teacher. Died 1948

20

  • Józef Hofmann born (Krakow) Polish-American pianist, teacher, inventor. Died 1957

26

  • John Knowles Paine’s Symphony no.1 in C minor op.23 premiered in Boston, MA

28

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s Sérénade mélancolique op.26 for violin and orchestra premiered in Moscow

29

  • Havergal Brian born (Stoke-on-Trent) English composer. Died 1972
  • Ludolf Nielsen born (Nørre Tvede, Denmark) Danish composer, conductor, violinist. Died 1939

30

  • Therese Grünbaum (84) dies in Berlin
  • Ludwig Minkus’s ballet Les Aventures de Pélée premiered in St Petersburg

Feb 1876

2

  • Giovanni Zenatello born (Verona) Italian tenor singer. Died 1949

10

  • August Söderman (44) dies in Stockholm

13

  • Cesar Cui’s opera Angelo premiered in St Petersburg. Lib. Viktor Petrovich Burenin after Victor Hugo

20

  • Fyodor Akimenko born (Kharkov, Ukraine) Ukrainian composer. Died 1945

21

  • Henry Gauntlett (70) dies in London

23

  • Wadih Sabra born (Beirut) Lebanese composer, teacher. Founder of the Lebanese National Higher Conservatory of Music. Died 1952

24

  • Edvard Grieg’s incidental music to Henrik Ibsen’s play Peer Gynt premiered in Oslo

28

  • John Alden Carpenter born (Park Ridge, IL) American composer, businessman. Died 1951
  • Raimondo Boucheron (75) dies in Milan

unk

  • Leoš Janácek appointed choirmaster and director of the Beseda brněnská Philharmonic Society in Brno, a post he holds until 1888
  • Charles Villiers Stanford’s Symphony No.1 comes second in a competition sponsored by Alexandra Palace, beaten by one written by Francis Davenport

Mar 1876

4

  • Alfred Holmes (38) dies in Paris

5

  • Francesco Maria Piave (65) dies in Milan
  • Karl Goldmark’s Rustic Wedding Symphony op.26 premiered in Vienna
  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ oratorio Le déluge premiered in Paris

11

  • Carl Ruggles born (Marion, Mass) American composer, painter. Died 1971

14

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s String Quartet no. 3 premiered in Moscow

18

  • Antonín Dvořák’s String Quintet op.77 premiered in Prague (first version)
  • Carl Zeller’s operetta Joconde premiered in Vienna. Lib. Moritz West and Ernest Moret

28

  • Joseph Böhm (80) dies in Vienna
Karl Goldmark 1830-1915

Karl Goldmark 1830-1915

Apr 1876

3

  • Leos Janácek’s Choral Elegy premiered in Brno

5

  • Auguste Mermet’s opera Jeanne d’Arc [Joan of Arc], lib. Mermet, premiered in Paris

7

  • Teresa Clotilde del Riego born (London) English violinist, pianist, singer, composer. Died 1968

8

  • Amilcare Ponchielli’s opera La Gioconda [the Mona Lisa] premiered in Milan, lib. A. Boito

11

  • Ernest Guiraud’s opera Piccolino premiered in Paris. Lib. Victorien Sardou and Charles Nuitter

17

  • Antonín Dvořák’s opera Vanda premiered in Prague, lib. V.B. Šumavský and F. Zákrejs

19

  • Samuel Sebastian Wesley (65) dies in Gloucester

22

  • Gabriel Fauré’s Les Djinns op.12 for chorus and orchestra premiered in Paris

23

  • Aino Ackté born (Helsinki) Finnish soprano singer. Died 1944

28

  • Ferruccio Busoni’s String quartet no. 2 completed

May 1876

6

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s Chorus in celebration of the golden jubilee of Osip Petrov for choir and orchestra premiered in St Petersburg at a concert celebrating bass-baritone singer Osip Petrov’s fifty year singing career

10

  • Richard Wagner’s Grosser Festmarsch [great festival march] premiered in Philadelphia

16

  • Charles Hunter born (Columbia, TN) American ragtime pianist, composer. Died 1906

Jun 1876

2

  • Hakon Børresen born (Copenhagen) Danish composer, music administrator. Died 1954

5

  • Tony Jackson born (New Orleans, LA) American jazz pianist, singer, composer. Died 1921

14

  • Léo Delibes’s ballet Sylvia premiered in Paris

21

  • Ferruccio Busoni’s Il Dolore: Romanza senza parole for piano [Sorrow: Song without Words] completed

24

  • WS Gilbert and Frederic Clay’s comic opera Princess Toto opens in Nottingham

28

  • August Wilhelm Ambros (59) dies in Vienna

30

  • Clara de Chatelain (68) dies in London

Jul 1876

8

  • Josef Dessauer (78) dies in Vienna

11

  • Edwin Ransford (71) dies in London

13

  • Antonin Dvořák’s Duets for Soprano and Contralto, with Piano accompaniment op. 32 completed

26

  • Ernest Schelling born (Belvidere, NJ) American pianist, composer, conductor. Died 1939

29

  • William Henry Reed born (Frome, Somerset) English violinist, conductor, composer, biographer, teacher. Died 1942

Aug 1876

10

  • Carl Bergmann (55) dies in New York, probably from alcohol-related causes

13

  • Richard Wagner’s Festspielhaus in Bayreuth opens with the first complete performance of the Ring Cycle

16

  • Florrie Forde born (Melbourne) Australian popular singer, vaudevillian. Died 1940
  • Richard Wagner’s opera Siegfried premiered in Bayreuth, lib. Wagner

17

  • Richard Wagner’s opera Götterdämmerung [Twilight of the Gods] premiered in Bayreuth, lib. Wagner

29

  • Félicien-César David (66) dies in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France

Sep 1876

10

  • Grikor Suni born (Gadabay, Azerbaijan) Armenian composer. Died 1939

11

  • Alfonso Broqua born (Montevideo) Uruguayan composer. Died 1946
  • Antonio María Romeu born (Jibacao, Cuba) Cuban pianist, composer, charanga band leader. Died 1955

15

  • Bruno Walter aka Bruno Schlesinger born (Berlin) Austro-German conductor, composer. Died 1962

22

  • Frederic Hymen Cowen’s opera Pauline premiered in London. Lib. Henry Hersee after Edward Bulwer-Lytton

30

  • Henri Bertini (77) dies in Meylan, France

Oct 1876

10

  • Walter Niemann born (Hamburg) German composer, critic, writer, biographer. Died 1953

13

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Pierrette et Jacquot premiered in Paris, lib. J. Noriac and P. Gille

14

  • Johan Svendsen’s Symphony No.2 in B-flat major op.15 & Romeo and Juliet, Fantasia op.18 for orchestra premiered in Oslo

16

  • Alfred Cellier’s operetta Nell Gwynne premiered in Manchester. Lib. Henry Brougham Farnie

18

  • Charles Lecocq’s opera Kosiki premiered in Paris. Lib. William Bertrand Busnach and Armand Liorat

30

  • Johannes Brahms’s String Quartet no.3 op.67 premiered in Berlin

31

  • Georges Barrère born (Bordeaux) French flautist, teacher. Died 1944

unk

  • Richard Pelham (61) dies in Liverpool

Nov 1876

3

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta La boîte au lait [the milk churn] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Grangé and J. Noriac

4

  • Johannes Brahms’s Symphony no.1 op.68 premiered in Karlsruhe
  • Ivan Zajc’s opera Nikola Šubić Zrinski premiered in Zagreb. Lib. Hugo Badalich

7

  • Bedřich Smetana’s opera Hubička [The Kiss] premiered in Prague, lib. E. Krásnohorská

8

  • Antonio Tamburini (76) dies in Nice

11

  • Ferruccio Busoni’s Gavottina for piano completed

16

  • Giuseppe Anselmi born (Nicolosi, Italy) Italian tenor singer. Died 1929
  • Charles Kennedy Scott born (Romasey, Hampshire) English choral conductor, organist, teacher, writer. Died 1965

17

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s Slavyansky marsh [Slavonic March] op.31 for orchestra premiered in Moscow

18

  • Friedrich von Flotow’s opera Le fleur de Harlem [the flower of Harlem] premiered in Turin, lib. J.H. Vernoy de Saint-Georges and A. de Leuven

23

  • Manuel de Falla born (Cadiz) Spanish composer, teacher, orchestra director. Died 1946
Johannes Brahms - The Symphonies (EMI)

Johannes Brahms – The Symphonies (EMI)

Dec 1876

3

  • Charles L. Johnson born (Kansas City, KS) American ragtime and popular music composer. Died 1950
  • Hermann Goetz (35) dies in Zürich of tuberculosis

6

  • Manuel Klein born (London) Anglo-American theatre composer. Died 1919
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s opera Kuznets Vakula [Vakula the Smith] premiered in St Petersburg, lib. Ya. Polonsky

10

  • Antonín Dvořák’s Serenade op.22 for strings premiered in Prague
  • Bedrich Smetana’s symphonic poem From Bohemia’s Fields and Groves premiered in Prague

11

  • Mieczyslaw Karlowicz born (Vilnius, Lithuania) Polish composer, conductor. Died 1909

13

  • Carlo Guasco (63) dies in Solero, Italy

14

  • George Frederick Anderson (83) dies in London

25

  • Giuseppe De Luca born (Rome) Italian baritone singer, singing teacher. Died 1950

29

  • Pablo Casals born (Vendrell, Spain) Catalan conductor, cellist. Died 1973
  • Lionel Tertis born (Hartlepool) English viola player, composer. Died 1975
  • Philip Bliss (38) dies in a train crash near Ashtabula, OH caused by a bridge collapse. 91 other passengers also die including his wife

1876 (date unknown)

  • Ernst Pauer appointed principal piano professor at the Royal College of Music, London
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s piano suite The Seasons published in 12 monthly installments in Nouvellist magazine

Songs published

  • The Bonnie Banks O’ Loch Lomond (Andrew Lang)

Philip Bliss 1838-76

Jan 1877

3

  • Johann Strauss II’s operetta Prinz Methusalem premiered in Vienna, lib. C. Treumann

17

  • Hans Jelmoli born (Zürich) Swiis pianist, composer. Died 1936

26

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta Le Docteur Ox premiered in Paris, lib. A. Mortier and P. Gille

27

  • Gabriel Fauré’s Violin Sonata no.1 op.13 premiered in Paris

28

  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ symphonic poem La Jeunesse d’Hercule op.50 [The Youth of Hercules] premiered in Paris

unk

  • Johann Strauss II’s waltz O schöner Mai! op. 375 [Oh Lovely May!] premiered in Vienna

Feb 1877

1

  • Thomas Dunhill born (London) English composer, writer. Died 1946

2

  • Jules Massenet’s incidental music for P. Deroulède’s play L’Hetman premiered in Paris

3

  • Charles Lecocq’s opera La marjolaine [marjoram], lib. Eugène Leterrier and Albert-Guillaume-Florent Vanloo, premiered in Paris

4

  • Ludwig Minkus’s ballet La Bayadère premiered in St Petersburg

7

  • Feliks Nowowiejski born (Barczewo, Poland) Polish composer, conductor, organist, teacher. Died 1946

8

  • Hubert Parry’s Suite de pièces for violin and piano premiered in Cannes

10

  • Jacques Offenbach’s operetta La Foire Saint-Laurent premiered in Paris, lib. Crémieux and A. de Saint-Albin

15

  • Franz Liszt’s Valse d’Adèle for piano premiered in Budapest

16

  • Sergei Bortkiewicz born (Kharkov, Ukraine) Russian composer, pianist. Died 1952

17

  • Antonín Dvořák’s Piano Trio op.21 premiered in Prague

19

  • Louis Aubert born (Parame, France) French composer, pianist. Died 1968

23

  • Camille Saint-Saëns’s opera Le timbre d’argent [the silver tone] premiered in Paris, lib. J. Barbier and M. Carré

24

  • Edmond Audran’s opera Le grand mogol [the great Mogul], lib. Henri-Charles Chivot, premiered in Marseilles
  • Bedrich Smetana’s Song of the Sea for chorus and orchestra premiered in Prague

25

  • Erich von Hornbostel born (Vienna) Austrian musicologist, teacher. Died 1935

26

  • Russell Alexander born (Nevada City, MO) American march composer, vaudevillian, euphonium player. Died 1915
  • Celestina Boninsegna born (Reggio Emilia) Italian soprano singer. Died 1946

28

  • Franz Liszt’s Dem Andenken Petöfis [The memory of Petofi] for piano premiered in Budapest

Mar 1877

1

  • Albert Dupuis born (Verviers, Belgium) Belgian composer, conductor, music director. Died 1967

4

  • Alexander Goedicke born (Moscow) Russian composer, pianist. Died 1957
  • Emile Berliner invents the microphone
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s ballet Lebedinoe ozero [Swan Lake] premiered in Moscow

9

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s symphonic poem Francesca da Rimini op.32 premiered in Moscow

10

  • Aleksandr Borodin’s Symphony no.2 premiered in St Petersburg

17

  • Bedrich Smetana’s symphonic poem Sárka premiered in Prague

22

  • Ruth Vincent born (great Yarmouth, Norfolk) English soprano singer, actress. Died 1955

23

  • Caroline Unger (73) dies in Florence
Alexander Borodin 1833-1887

Alexander Borodin 1833-1887

Apr 1877

5

  • Charles-François Gounod’s opera Cinq mars [March 5th] premiered in Paris, lib. P. Poirson and L. Gallet

7

  • Errico Petrella (63) dies in Genoa

13

  • Alexandre Luigini’s opera Les Caprices de Margot premiered in Lyon. Lib. Jules Costé

19

  • Robert Planquette’s operetta Les cloches de Corneville [the bells of Corneville] opens in Paris (408 performances)

24

  • Charles Cuvillier born (Paris) French operetta composer. Died 1955

26

  • Louise Bertin (72) dies in Paris

27

  • Jules Massenet’s opera Le roi de Lahore [The King of Lahore] premiered in Paris, lib. L. Gallet

28

  • Nicolas Maline (55) dies in Mirecourt, France

29

  • Giacomo Puccini’s motet Plaudite populi [applaud the people] premiered in Lucca

May 1877

13

  • César Franck’s symphonic poem Les Eolides premiered in Paris

20

  • Ferruccio Busoni’s Piano Sonata No. 1 completed

24

  • Robert Hood Bowers born (Chambersburg, PA) American composer of operettas, musicals and film and radio scores, conductor. Died 1941

25

  • Billy Murray born (Philadelphia, PA) American popular singer, vaudevillian. The best selling recording artist of the first two decades of the 20th century. Died 1954

26

  • Isadora Duncan born (San Francisco, CA) American dancer. Died 1927

Jun 1877

2

  • Jules Danbé appointed conductor at the Opéra-Comique in Paris, a post he holds until 1898

3

  • Ludwig Ritter Von Köchel (77) dies in Vienna

9

  • Titta Ruffo born (Pisa) Italian baritone singer. Died 1953

14

  • Jane Bathori aka Jeanne-Marie Berthier born (Paris) French mezzo-soprano singer, impresaria. Died 1970

29

  • Clorinda Corradi (72) dies in Santiago, Chile

30

  • Bella Alten born (Zaxaczewo, Poland) German soprano singer. Died 1962

Jul 1877

5

  • Ferruccio Busoni’s Piano Sonata No. 2 completed

14

  • Agnes Nicholls born (Cheltenham) English soprano singer. Died 1959

16

  • Marion Scott born (London) English violinist, musicologist, writer, critic, editor, composer, poet. Died 1953

17

  • Edward Madden born (New York, NY) American lyricist. Wrote with Jerome Kern, Gus Edwards and Theodore Morse among others. Died 1952

18

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky marries Antonina Ivanovna Miljukova in Moscow

27

  • Erno Dohnányi born (Bratislava) Hungarian composer, conductor, pianist. Died 1960

Aug 1877

5

  • Luigi Legnani (86) dies in Ravenna

26

  • Karel Bendl’s opera Indická princezna [The Indian Princess] premiered in Prague. Lib. Antonin Pulda

29

  • Arthur Sullivan’s incidental music for Shakespeare’s play Henry VIII premiered in Manchester

Sep 1877

6

  • Charles Joseph ‘Buddy’ Bolden born (New Orleans, LA) American jazz bandleader, cornettist. Led the legendary Bolden band from around 1900 to 1907. Died 1931
  • Charles Villiers Stanford’s Festival Overture in B premiered in Gloucester

7

  • Petar Stojanović born (Budapest) Serbian composer, violinist, teacher. Died 1957

12

  • Julius Rietz (64) dies in Dresden

15

  • Daisy Wood born (London) English Music Hall singer. Died 1961

17

  • Jean Huré born (Gien, France) French composer, organist, journal editor. Died 1930

25

  • Johan Svendsen’s Norwegian Rhapsody No. 1 op.17 for orchestra premiered in Oslo

26

  • Alfred Cortot born (Nyon, Switzerland) Franco-Swiss pianist, conductor. Died 1962

28

  • Julian Clifford born (London) English composer, conductor, pianist. Died 1921

30

  • Hermann Götz’s opera Francesca von Rimini premiered posthumously in Mannheim. Completed by Ernst Frank. Lib. Götz and Joseph Viktor Widmann

Oct 1877

3

  • Thérèse Tietjens (46) dies in London of cancer

4

  • Ignaz Brüll’s opera Der Landfriede [general peace], lib. Salomon Hermann von Mosenthal, premiered in Vienna

9

  • Jesús Castillo born (San Juan, Guatemala) Guatemalan composer, folk music collector, teacher. Died 1946

24

  • Pavel Chesnokov born (Istra, Russia) Russian composer, choral conductor, teacher. Died 1944
  • Ernst Mielck born (Vyborg, Russia) Finnish composer, pianist. Died 1899

26

  • Carl Ferdinand Becker (73) dies in Leipzig

28

  • Johann von Herbeck (45) dies in Vienna
  • Anton Bruckner’s Nachruf for 4 voices and organ premiered in St Florian, Austria

Nov 1877

1

  • Roger Quilter born (Hove, Sussex) English composer, organist. Died 1953

7

  • Henry Balfour Gardiner born (London) English composer, teacher, musician, promoter. Died 1950

17

  • Alfred Cellier’s operetta Dora’s Dream premiered in London. Lib. Arthur Cecil
  • W.S. Gilbert & Arthur Sullivan’s operetta The Sorcerer premiered in London

21

  • Sigfrid Karg-Elert born (Oberndorf am Neckar, Germany) German composer, organist. Died 1933
  • Thomas Edison announces the invention of the phonograph

27

  • Papa John Joseph born (St James, LA) American jazz bassist. Worked with Buddy Bolden, Claiborne Williams and the Original Tuxedo Orchestra. Died 1965

28

  • Emmanuel Chabrier’s opera L’étoile [the star] premiered in Paris, lib. E. Leterrier and A. Vanloo

29

  • Thomas Edison demonstrates phonograph for the first time

30

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s Variations on a Rococo Theme op.33 for cello and orchestra premiered in Moscow

unk

  • Max Bruch’s Violin Concerto No.2 op.44 premiered in London
Thomas Edison 1847-1931 with his 1877 phonograph

Thomas Edison 1847-1931 with his 1877 phonograph

Dec 1877

2

  • Antonín Dvořák’s Symfonické variace [Symphonic Variations] op.78 for orchestra premiered in Prague
  • Leos Janácek’s Suite for String Orchestra premiered in Brno
  • Camille Saint-Saëns’s opera Samson et Dalila premiered in Weimar, lib. F. Lemaire

3

  • Alexandre François Debain (68) dies in Paris

8

  • Paul Ladmirault born (Nantes, France) French composer, pianist, violinist, teacher, musicologist. Died 1944

9

  • Antonín Dvořák’s Romance op.11 for violin and orchestra premiered in Prague

10

  • Federico Ricci (68) dies in Conegliano, Italy

13

  • Emil Cooper born (Kherson, Ukraine) Russian conductor, violinist. Died 1960

16

  • Artur Bodanzky born (Vienna) Austrian-American conductor. Died 1939
  • Anton Bruckner’s Symphony no.3 premiered in Vienna (second version, but first performed)

24

  • Thomas Edison files a patent application for his phonograph

25

  • Emil Adamič born (Dobrova, Slovenia) Slovenian composer. Died 1936

30

  • Johannes Brahms’s Symphony no.2 op.73 premiered in Vienna

1877 (date unknown)

  • Margarethe Stockhausen (74) dies in Colmar, France

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