1896-97

<1894-18951898-1899>

Jan 1896

1

  • Estelle ‘Mama’ Yancey aka Estella Harris born (Cairo, IL) American blues singer. Wife of Jimmy Yancey (1898-1951). Died 1986

5

  • Isaac Albéniz’s opera Pepita Jiménez premiered in Barcelona, lib. F.B. Money-Coutts

8

  • Jaromír Weinberger born (Prague) Czech-American composer, teacher. Died 1967

9

  • Warwick Braithwaite born (Dunedin, New Zealand) New Zealand conductor. Died 1971

10

  • Antonín Dvořák’s Sonatina op.100 for violin and piano premiered in Brno

15

  • Jacobo Ficher born (Odessa) Russo-Argentinian composer, violinist, conductor, teacher. Died 1978
  • Geraldine Farrar makes her concert debut in Melrose, MA
  • Edward German’s incidental music for H.A. Jones’s play Michael and his Lost Angel premiered in London
  • Carl Nielsen’s Violin Sonata no.1 premiered in Copenhagen
  • Aleksandr Scriabin plays his first concert outside Russia at the Salle Erard in Paris

17

  • Harry Reser born (Piqua, OH) American banjo player, bandleader. Died 1965

23

  • Edward MacDowell’s Suite no.2 ‘Indian’ op.48 for orchestra premiered in New York

28

  • Joseph Barnby (57) dies in London

29

  • Hans Huber’s opera Kudrun premiered in Basel. lib. Stephan Born

Feb 1896

1

  • Giacomo Puccini’s opera La bohème premiered in Turin, lib. G. Giacosa and L. Illica

2

  • August Enna’s opera Aucassin og Nicolette premiered in Copenhagen. Lib. xx

3

  • Kid Thomas Valentine born (Reserve, LA) American jazz bandleader, trumpeter. Leader of his own bands from 1926 until the early 1960s. Died 1987

5

  • Henry David Leslie (73) dies in Baschurch, Shropshire

6

  • Julie Dorus-Gras (90) dies in Paris

12

  • Ambroise Thomas (84) dies in Paris
  • Zdenek Fibich’s opera Hedy premiered in Prague. Lib. xx

13

  • Carl Martin Reinthaler (73) dies in Bremen
  • André Messager’s operetta La fiancée en loterie [The fiancée in a lottery] premiered in Paris, lib. C. de Roddaz and A. Douane

17

  • Aleksandr Glazunov’s Symphony no. 5 premiered in St Petersburg

20

  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s Andante and Finale op.79 for piano and orchestra premiered in St Petersburg (completed by S. Taneyev)

22

  • Nacio Herb Brown born (Deming, NM) American songwriter, film soundtrack composer. Died 1964

25

  • Ida Cox aka Ida Prather born (Toccoa, GA) American blues singer. Died 1967

26

  • Tauno Hannikainen born (Jyväskylä, Finland) Finnish cellist, conductor. Brother of Ilmari Hannikainen (1892-1955). Died 1968

27

  • Frederick Archer appointed director of the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra

28

  • Charles Lecocq’s opera Ninette premiered in Paris. Lib. Charles-Victor Nicolaie, Philippe-Jacques Laroche”, G. Lebeaut and Christian de Trogoff

29

  • Wladimir Vogel born (Moscow) Swiss composer. Died 1984

Mar 1896

1

  • Dimitris Mitropoulos born (Athens) Greek conductor, pianist, composer. Died 1960

2

  • Pietro Mascagni’s opera Zanetto premiered in Pesaro, lib. G. Targioni-Tozzetti and G. Menasci
  • Charles Villiers Stanford’s opera Shamus O’Brien premiered in London, lib. G.H. Jessop

4

  • Eduard Erdmann born (Cēsis, Latvia) German pianist, composer, teacher. Died 1958

6

  • Samuel Coleridge-Taylor’s Symphony in a premiered in London

7

  • W.S. Gilbert & Arthur Sullivan’s operetta The Grand Duke premiered in London (123 performances)
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s overture Groza [The Storm] op.76 premiered in St Petersburg

10

  • Ruggero Leoncavallo’s opera Chatterton premiered in Rome, lib. Leoncavallo

12

  • Jesse Fuller born (Jonesboro, GA) American one man band, inventor of the fotdella – a foot pedal operated bass instrument. Died 1976

16

  • Gustav Mahler’s song cycle Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen [Songs of a wayfarer] premiered in Berlin

19

  • Jean Wiener born (Paris) French pianist, composer. Died 1982
  • Antonín Dvořák’s Cello Concerto in b op.104 premiered in London
  • Jāzeps Vītols’s Dramatic Overture op.21 premiered in St Petersburg

20

  • Jeno Hubay’s opera A falu rossza [The tramp of the village], lib. Antal Váradiy, premiered in Budapest

21

  • Karl Goldmark’s opera Das Heimchen am Herd [The Cricket on the Hearth] premiered in Vienna, lib. A.M. Willner

28

  • Umberto Giordano’s opera Andrea Chénier premiered in Milan. Lib. Luigi Illica

30

  • César Franck’s opera Ghiselle premiered in Monte Carlo. Lib. Gilbert-Augustin Thierry. Orchestrations completed by Pierre de Bréville, Vincent d’Indy, Ernest Chausson, Samuel Alexandre Rousseau and Arthur Coquard

Apr 1896

4

  • Marion Harris born (Henderson, KY or Indiana) American popular singer. Died 1944
  • George Dance & Ivan Caryll’s musical The Gay Parisienne opens in London (369 performances)

5

  • John Rogers Thomas (66) dies in New York

11

  • Géza Zichy’s opera Alár [Alaric], lib. Zichy, premiered in Budapest

12

  • Alexander Ritter (62) dies in Munich

13

  • Jean Sibelius’s Lemminkäis-sarja [Lemminkäinen Suite] for orchestra premiered in Helsinki
  • John Philip Sousa’s operetta El capitan premiered in Boston, lib. Charles Klein

20

  • John Philip Sousa & Charles Klein’s operetta El Capitan opens on Broadway (112 performances)

21

  • Edward Elgar’s Scenes from the Bavarian Highlands op.27 for choir and piano premiered in Worcester

25

  • Owen Hall, Harry Greenbank & Sidney Jones’s musical The Geisha opens in London (760 performances)

28

  • Max Kuhn born (Zürich) Swiss conductor, composer. Died 1994

29

  • Jacques Wolfe born (Botoșani, Romania) American composer, clarinetist, musicologist, photographer. Died 1973

30

  • Rev. Gary Davis born (Laurens, SC) Blind American blues and Gospel singer, ragtime guitarist, songwriter. Died 1972
  • Antonio Cagnoni (68) dies in Bergamo

May 1896

1

  • Gabriel Fauré’s Pleurs d’or op.72 [Tears of gold] for mezzo-soprano, baritone and piano premiered in London

2

  • Gabriel Fauré’s Valse-caprice no.4 op.62 & Barcarolle no.5 op.66 for piano premiered in Paris

5

  • André Messager’s opera Le chevalier d’Harmental [the knight of Harmental] premiered in Paris, lib. P. Ferrier

7

  • Vic Berton aka Victor Cohen born (Chicago) American jazz drummer, classical percussionist, band manager, session player. Worked with Roger Wolfe Kahn, Red Nichols, Paul Whiteman and many others. Died 1951

8

  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ Berceuse op.105 for piano 4 hands premiered in Milan

11

  • Josip Štolcer-Slavenski born (Čakovec, Croatia) Croatian composer, teacher. Died 1955

12

  • Juan Morel Campos (40) dies in Ponce, Puerto Rico following a stroke

20

  • Burl “Jaybird” Coleman born (Gainesville, AL) American blues singer, guitarist, harmonica player. Died 1950
  • Clara Schumann (76) dies in Frankfurt following a heart attack

22

  • Camile Saint-Saëns’ Valse Mignonne op.104 for piano premiered in Paris

25

  • Jean Sibelius’ 25.V.1896 op.21 for chorus premiered in Helsinki

26

  • Theodor Pröpper born (Balve, Germany) German composer, organist. Died 1979

29

  • Riccardo Drigo’s ballet La Perle [the pearl] premiered in Moscow

Jun 1896

2

  • Gabriel Fauré appointed chief organist at the Church of the Madeleine in Paris
  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ Concerto for piano and orchestra no.5 op.103 & Sonata no.2 op.102 for violin and piano premiered in Paris

6

  • Johannes Brahms’s Eleven Chorale Preludes op.122 completed
  • André Messager’s ballet Le procès des roses [The trial of roses] premiered in Paris

7

  • Pavlos Carrer (67) dies in Zakynthos, Greece
  • Hugo Wolf’s opera Der Corregidor premiered in Mannheim, lib. R. Mayreder

9

  • Adolphe Danhauser (61) dies in Paris

20

  • Wilfrid Pelletier born (Montreal) Canadian conductor, arts administrator, pianist, composer, teacher. Died 1982
Hugo Wolf 1860-1903

Hugo Wolf 1860-1903

Jul 1896

5

  • Lauri Kennedy born (Sydney) Australian cellist. Died 1985

10

  • Stefan Askenase born (Lvov, Ukraine) Polish-Belgian pianist, teacher. Died 1985

16

  • Evelyn Preer née Jarvis born (Vicksburg, MS) American actress, blues singer. Died 1932
  • Joseph Alfred Novello (86) dies in Genoa

20

  • Rudolf Kolisch born (Schottwien, Austria) Austrian violinist, teacher. Led the Kolisch Quartet. Died 1978

23

  • Edward Elgar’s Serenade op.20 for strings premiered in Antwerp
  • Władysław Żeleński’s opera Goplana premiered in Krakow. Lib. Ludomil German

Aug 1896

6

  • Ernesto Lecuona born (Havana) Cuban composer, pianist. Died 1963

15

  • Léon Theremin born (St Petersburg) Russian inventor, physicist, electronic music pioneer. Inventor of the theremin. Died 1993

Sep 1896

2

  • Edith Wilson née Goodall born (Louisville, KY) American blues and jazz singer, vaudevillian, actress. Worked with Johnny Dunn’s Jazz Hounds & Fletcher Henderson. Died 1981

7

  • Regino Sainz de la Maza born (Burgos, Spain) Spanish classical guitarist, guitar teacher. Died 1981

8

  • Howard Dietz born (New York, NY) American lyricist, publicist. Died 1983
  • Elmer Schoebel born (East St Louis, IL) American jazz pianist, composer, arranger (20th Century Jazz Band, New Orleans Rhythm Kings, Isham Jones). Died 1970
  • Edward Elgar’s oratorio The Light of Life op.29 for choir and orchestra premiered in Worcester

10

  • Adele Astaire (Austerlitz) born (Omaha, NE) American popular singer, dancer. Sister of Fred Astaire (1899-1987). Died 1981

11

  • Francis Child (71) dies in Boston, MA

13

  • Tadeusz Szeligowski born (Lviv, Ukraine) Polish composer, teacher, lawyer. Died 1963

15

  • Ambrose aka Bert Ambrose born (London) English popular bandleader, violinist. Died 1971

16

  • Antônio Carlos Gomes (60) dies in Belém, Brazil

23

  • Franz Schubert’s opera Der vierjährige Posten [The four-year post] premiered in Dresden, lib. T. Körner

25

  • Roberto Gerhard born (Valls, Spain) Catalan composer, writer. Died 1970

Oct 1896

9

  • Antonín Dvořák’s String Quartet no.13 op.106 premiered in Prague

10

  • Jules Garcin (66) dies in Paris

11

  • Anton Bruckner (72) dies in Vienna

15

  • Joe Sanders born (Thayer, KS) American jazz pianist, singer, bandleader. Co-led The Coon-Sanders Orchestra. Died 1965
  • La Schola Cantorum, a private music school in Paris founded by Charles Bordes, Alexandre Guilmant & Vincent d’Indy, opens
  • Scott Joplin records his first piano rolls, including The Crush Collision March

16

  • Gabriel Fauré appointed professor of composition at the Paris Conservatoire

18

  • Friedrich Hollaender born (London) German songwriter, pianist, writer, theatre producer. Died 1976

20

  • Antonín Dvořák’s String Quartet no.14 op.105 premiered in Prague

21

  • Edmond Audran’s opera La poupée [the doll], lib. Maurice Ordonneau and Albin Valabrègue, premiered in Paris

23

  • Gialdino Gialdini’s opera La Pupilla [the pupil], lib. Carlo Goldoni, premiered in Trieste

26

  • Antonín Dvořák’s symphonic poem Zlatý kolovrat [The Golden Spinning-Wheel] op.109 premiered in London

28

  • Howard Hanson born (Wahoo, NE) American composer, teacher, music theorist. Director of the Eastman School of Music, Rochester, NY 1924-64. Died 1981

30

  • Edward Elgar’s cantata Scenes from the Saga of King Olaf op.30 for choir and orchestra premiered in Hanley, Staffs
  • Amy Beach’s Symphony “Gaelic” op.32 premiered in Boston

31

  • Ethel Waters born (Chester, PA) American blues, jazz and Gospel singer, actress. Died 1977
Amy Beach 1867-1944

Amy Beach 1867-1944

Nov 1896

1

  • Karel Šejna born (Strakonice, Czech Rep) Czech conductor, bassist. Died 1982

2

  • Jean Sibelius’ Cantata for the Coronation of Nicholas II premiered in Helsinki

4

  • Harry M. Woods born (North Chelmsford, MA) American popular songwriter. Died 1970

7

  • Jean Sibelius’s opera Jungfrun i tornet [The Maiden in the Tower] premiered in Helsinki, lib. R. Hertzberg

8

  • Gustave Charpentier’s Sérénade à Watteau for chorus and orchestra premiered in Paris, lib. Paul Verlaine

14

  • Italo Campanini (51) dies in Parma
  • Antonín Dvořák’s symphonic poem Vodník [The Water Goblin] op.107 premiered in London

16

  • Scott Joplin records a second set of piano rolls, including The Combination March

21

  • Antonín Dvořák’s symphonic poem Polednice [The Noon Witch] op.108 premiered in London

24

  • Rosa Henderson (Deschamps) born (Henderson, KY) American jazz and blues singer, vaudevillian. Worked with Fletcher Henderson (no relation). Also recorded under pseudonyms Sarah Johnson, Josephine Thomas, Gladys White, Mamie Harris and others. Died 1968

25

  • Virgil Thomson born (Kansas City, MO) American composer, critic, conductor, organist. Died 1989
  • Spyridon Xyndas (84) dies in Athens

27

  • Franz Léhar’s opera Kukuška premiered in Leipzig, lib. F. Falzari
  • Richard Strauss’ tone poem Also sprach Zarathustra [Thus spake Zarathustra] premiered in Frankfurt

28

  • Józef Koffler born (Stryi, Ukraine) Polish composer, teacher, journalist. Died 1944

Dec 1896

1

  • Ray Henderson aka Raymond Brost born (Buffalo, NY) American popular songwriter. Died 1970
  • Petko Staynov born (Kazanlak, Bulgaria) Bulgarian composer, pianist, teacher, music administrator. Died 1977

2

  • Mike Mosiello born (Frasso Telesino, Italy) Italian-American jazz trumpeter, session player. Worked with Vincent lopez and many others. Died 1953
  • Karl Millöcker’s operetta Das Nordlicht [The northern lights], lib. Hugo Wittmann, premiered in Vienna
  • Jean Sibelius’s Laulu Lemminkäiselle [A Song for Lemminkäinen] for male chorus and orchestra premiered in Helsinki

3

  • Boleslaw Szabelski born (Radoryz, Poland) Polish composer. Died 1979
  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ ballet Javotte premiered in Lyons

5

  • James T. Tanner, Walter Apllant , Harry Greenbank, Adrian Ross & Ivan Caryll’s musical The Circus Girl opens in London (497 performances)

6

  • Ira Gershwin born (New York, NY) American lyricist. Brother of George Gershwin (1898-1937). Worked with his brother, Kurt Weill, Jerome Kern and Harold Arlen. Died 1983
  • Richard Strauss’ Gesang der Apollopriesterin [Song of the priestess of Apollo] for voice and orchestra premiered in Brussels

10

  • Gabriel Fauré’s Thème et variations for piano op.73 premiered in London

11

  • Alexander von Zemlinsky’s Trio for Clarinet, Cello and Piano premiered in Vienna

12

  • Jenö Ádám born (Budapest?) Hungarian educationalist, conductor, composer. Died 1982
  • August Bungert’s opera Odysseus Heimkehr [Odysseus’ homecoming], lib. Bungert after Homer, premiered in Dresden (third part of Die Odyssee cycle)

13

  • Wilhelm Joseph von Wasielewski (74) dies in Sonderhausen

17

  • Richard Pohl (70) dies in Baden-Baden

27

  • Ernest Chausson’s Poème op.25 for orchestra premiered in Paris

28

  • Roger Huntington Sessions born (New York, NY) American composer, critic, teacher, music theorist. Died 1985

29

  • Oswald Kabasta born (Mistelbach, Austria) Austrian conductor. Died 1946

1896 (date unknown)

  • Blind Blake born (Newport News, VA) American blues singer, songwriter, guitarist (approx date). Died 1934
  • Susie Hawthorne born (Pensacola, FL) American singer, comedian. Worked with husband Jodie Edwards (1895-1967) as Butterbeans & Susie. Died 1963
  • Jimmy O’Bryant born (Arkansas) American jazz clarinetist, bandleader. Worked with The Tennessee Ten, Jelly Roll Morton, W.C. Handy, King Oliver & Lovie Austin. Died 1928
  • Tommy Johnson born (Terry, MS) American blues singer, songwriter, guitarist. Died 1956
  • Théodore Dubois appointed director of the Paris Conservatoire (he resigns in 1905)
  • W. C. Handy joins W. A. Mahara’s Minstrels as a cornetist, staying with the band until 1904 (with a break in 1901)
  • The Haydn Quartet formed in New York, one of the best-selling barbershop outfits of all time (disbanded 1910)
  • Edward MacDowell appointed professor of music at Columbia University, NY, a post he holds until 1904
  • Charles-Marie Widor appointed composition professor at the Paris Conservatoire

publications

  • Edvard Grieg’s 19 Norwegian Folksongs op.66 published
  • Wilhelm Peterson-Berger’s collection of piano pieces Frosoblomster book 1 published in Stockholm

songs published

  • Mister Johnson, Turn Me Loose (Ben Harney); When the Saints Go Marching In (Katherine E. Purvis, James M. Black)

releases

  • Len Spencer – A Hot Time On The Levee (Columbia)
Théodore Dubois 1837-1924

Théodore Dubois 1837-1924

Jan 1897

3

  • Paul Dukas’ Symphony no. 3 premiered in Paris

5

  • Theo Mackeben born (Starogard Gdański, Poland) German film composer, pianist, conductor. Died 1953

10

  • Sam Chatmon born (Bolton, MS) American blues singer, guitarist. Member of The Mississippi Sheiks. Brother of Bo Carter (1892-1964). Died 1983

22

  • Blind Willie Johnson born (Independence, TX) American Gospel and blues singer, guitarist, songwriter. Died 1945

23

  • Engelbert Humperdinck’s opera Königskinder [Royal children] premiered in Munich, lib. E. Rosmer (first version)

Feb 1897

4

  • Mordecai Sandberg born (Hârlău, Romania) Romanian composer, music theorist, alternative therapist. Died 1973

7

  • Quincy Porter born (New Haven, CT) American composer, teacher, viola player. Died 1966

8

  • Camille Erlanger’s opera Kermaria premiered in Paris. Lib. Pierre-Barthélémy Gheusi
  • Alexander Glazunov’s Symphony No. 6 op.58 premiered in St Petersburg
  • Vasily Kalinnikov’s Symphony No.1 premiered in Kiev

9

  • Hugo Alfvén’s Symphony No.1 op.7 premiered in Stockholm

10

  • Antonio Bazzini (78) dies in Milan

19

  • Johnny Dunn born (Memphis, TN) American jazz trumpeter, band leader. Worked with WC Handy, Mamie Smith & The Original Jazz Hounds. Died 1937
  • Alfred Bruneau’s opera Messidor premiered in Paris. Lib. xx

20

  • Alexander Mackenzie’s opera His Majesty, or The Court of Vingolia premiered in London. Lib. Francis Cowley Burnand
  • Erik Satie’s Trois Gymnopédies premiered in Paris in the versions orchestrated by Claude Debussy

23

  • Woldemar Bargiel (68) dies in Berlin
  • Gustav Mahler converts to Roman Catholicism

25

  • Cornélie Falcon (83) dies in Paris
  • Edward Elgar’s songs Like to the damask rose (S. Wastell) & Through the long days (J. Hay) op.16/2 premiered in London

27

  • Marian Anderson (Philadelphia, PA) American contralto singer. Died 1993

Mar 1897

2

  • Ram ‘ Minor’ Hall born (Sellies, LA) American jazz drummer. Worked with Kid Ory, Lawrence Duhy, King Oliver, Jimmy Noone & Mutt Carey. Brother of Tubby Hall (1895-1945). Died 1959

6

  • Knudåge Riisager born (Kunda, Estonia) Danish composer, civil servant, music administrator. Died 1974

7

  • Louis Lacombe’s opera Le Tonnelier de Nuremburg [The Cooper of Nuremburg], lib. Charles Nuitter, premiered in Koblenz

11

  • Henry Cowell born (Menlo Park, CA) American composer, music theorist, pianist, teacher, critic. Died 1965
  • Gabriel Pierné’s opera Vendée premiered in Lyon. Lib. Charles Foleÿ and Adolphe Brisson

12

  • Vincent D’Indy’s opera Fervaal premiered in Brussels, lib. d’Indy

13

  • Johann Strauss II’s operetta Die Göttin der Vernunft [The Goddess of Reason] premiered in Vienna, lib. A.M. Willner and B. Buchbinder

14

  • Isidore de Lara’s opera Moina premiered in Monte Carlo. Lib. Louis-Marie-Alexandre Gallet

16

  • Victor Herbert’s operetta The Serenade premiered in New York. Lib. Herbert and Harry B. Smith

24

  • Richard Strauss’ Enoch Arden op.38 for narrator and piano premiered in Munich

25

  • ‘Sweet’ Emma Barrett born (new Orleans, LA) American jazz pianist, singer. Worked with The Original Tuxedo Orchestra. Died 1983
  • Sergei Rachmaninoff’s Symphony no.1 premiered in St Petersburg

26

  • David McCallum, Sr. born (Kilsyth, Scotland) Scottish classical violinist. Father of actor David McCallum (b. 1933). Died 1972
  • Gustav Holst’s Clear and Cool op.5 for chorus and orchestra premiered in London

28

  • Sergei Rachmaninoff’s Symphony No. 1 premiered in St Petersburg
Vincent d'Indy 1851-1931

Vincent d’Indy 1851-1931

Apr 1897

1

  • Lucille Bogan née Anderson born (Amory, MS) American blues singer, songwriter. Also recorded as Bessie Jackson. Died 1948

3

  • Johannes Brahms (63) dies in Vienna of liver cancer
  • Gabriel Fauré’s Barcarolle no.6 op.70, & Prison op.83 for piano premiered in Paris

6

  • Johannes Brahms’ funeral takes place in Vienna
  • Thaddeus Cahill receives a patent for the “art of and apparatus for generating and distributing music electrically.” – the first version of the Telharmonium

8

  • Herbert Eimert born (Bad Kreuznach, Germany) German music theorist, musicologist, journalist, critic, radio producer, composer. Died 1972

10

  • Alberto Franchetti’s opera Il signor di Pourceaugnac premiered in Milan, lib. F. Fontana

11

  • Henry Stuckey born (Bentonia, MS) American blues singer, guitarist. Died 1966
  • Eugen d’Albert’s opera Gernot premiered in Mannheim. Lib. Gustav Kastropp

12

  • André Messager’s opera La montagne enchantée [the enchanted mountain] premiered in Paris, lib. A. Carré and E. Moreau

17

  • Harald Sæverud born (Bergen) Norwegian composer, conductor. Died 1992

19

  • Edward Elgar’s Imperial March op.32 for orchestra premiered in London

23

  • Pixinguinha aka Alfredo da Rocha Viana Filho born (Rio de Janeiro) Brazilian choro composer, arranger, flautist, saxophonist. Died 1973
  • Clement Harris (25) killed at Pente Pigadia during the Greco-Turkish War whilst commanding a mercenary batallion fighting on the Greek side

26

  • Roberto Stagno (56) dies in Genoa of heart and kidney failure
  • Edward Elgar’s song Roundel (A.C. Swinburne) premiered in Worcester

27

  • Carl Nielsen’s Hymnus amoris op.12 for soloists, choir and orchestra premiered in Copenhagen

28

  • Felix Bernard born (New York, NY) American songwriter, pianist, bandleader, radio producer. Died 1944

May 1897

1

  • Gustav Mahler appointed Kapellmeister of the Vienna Hofoper

2

  • John Frederick Coots born (Brooklyn, NY) American popular songwriter. Died 1985

5

  • Osvaldo Fresedo born (Buenos Aires) Argentinian tango composer, conductor. Died 1984

6

  • Ruggero Leoncavallo’s opera La bohème premiered in Venice, lib. Leoncavallo

10

  • Hobart Smith born (Saltville, VA) American folk banjo player, fiddler, guitarist, pianist, harmonica player, singer. Brother of Texas Gladden (1895-1967). Died 1965
  • William Thomas Best (70) dies in Liverpool

11

  • Gustav Mahler makes his first appearance as conductor for the Vienna Opera

14

  • Sidney Bechet born (New Orleans, LA) American jazz soprano saxophonist, clarinetist, composer, bandleader. Worked with Will Marion Cook, Duke Ellington, Noble Sissle and others. Died 1959
  • Robert ‘Father’ Kemp (76) dies in Boston, MA
  • Max Maretzek (75) dies in Pleasant Plains, NY

15

  • André Messager’s ballet Le chevalier aux fleurs [The Knight of Flowers] premiered in Paris

18

  • Paul Dukas’ L’Apprenti Sorcier [the sorceror’s apprentice] for orchestra premiered in Paris
  • Edward Elgar’s The Banner of St George op.33 for choir and orchestra premiered in London

21

  • Carl Mikuli (77) dies in Lviv, Ukraine

23

  • Fred Guy born (Burkesville, GA) American jazz guitarist, banjo player, ballroom manager. Worked with Duke Ellington from 1925 to 1949. Died 1971

25

  • Arthur Sullivan’s ballet Victoria and Merrie England premiered in London
  • Gustav Holst’s Light Leaves Whisper for chorus premiered in London

29

  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold born (Brno, Czech Rep) Austro-Hungarian film composer. Died 1957

30

  • Jean Sibelius’ Cantata for the University Ceremonies of 1897 premiered in Helsinki

31

  • Pierre Leemans born (Scharbeek, Belgium) Belgian composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1980

Jun 1897

3

  • Memphis Minnie aka Lizzie Douglas born (Algiers, LA) American blues singer, guitarist, songwriter. Died 1973
  • Hubert Parry’s Symphonic Variations premiered in London

6

  • Paul Lincke’s operetta Venus auf Erden premiered in Berlin. Lib. Lincke

7

  • George Szell born (Budapest) Hungaro-American conductor, composer, pianist. Died 1970

9

  • Pavel Pabst (43) dies in Moscow

12

  • Léon Goossens born (Liverpool) English oboe player. Son of Eugène Goossens (1867-1958), brother of Eugene Aynsley Goossens (1893-1962) and Sidonie Goossens (1899-2004). Died 1988
  • Alexandre Tansman born (Łódź, Poland) Franco-Polish pianist, composer. Died 1986

17

  • Edward German’s In Commemoration – English Fantasia for orchestra premiered in London

18

  • Franz Krenn (81) dies in Sankt Andrä-Wördern, Austria

22

  • Bulbul aka Murtuza Rza oglu Mammadov born (Khanbagi, Azerbaijan) Azerbaijani tenor singer, folk musician, teacher, writer. Died 1961

23

  • Terig Tucci born (Buenos Aires) Argentinian composer, arranger, pianist, violinist, mandolin player. Died 1973

27

  • Maceo Pinkard born (Bluefiled, WV) American popular songwriter, publisher. Died 1962
  • Tony Spargo aka Antonio Sparbaro born (New Orleans, LA) American jazz drummer. Worked with The Original Dixieland Jazz Band. Died 1969

Jul 1897

4

  • Carlo Sigmund Taube born (Poland) Austrian composer, conductor, pianist. Died 1944

5

  • Paul Ben-Haim aka Paul Frankenburger born (Munich) German-Israeli composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1984

6

  • Henri Meilhac (66) dies in Paris

10

  • Frédéric Alfred d’Erlanger’s opera Inès Menso premiered in London. Lib. Pierre Armand and Decourcelle Liorat

12

  • Félix Godefroid (78) dies in Villers-sur-Mer, France

13

  • Enrique Maciel born (Buenos Aires) Argentinian tango harmonium player, pianist, guitarist, songwriter. Died 1962

22

  • Edgar Tinel’s opera Godelieve premiered in Brussels. Lib. Tinel

25

  • Sylvester Weaver born (Louisville, KY) American blues guitarist, singer. Died 1960

unk

  • Granville Bantock’s overture Saul premiered in Chester

Aug 1897

4

  • Abe Lyman born (Chicago, IL) American popular bandleader. Died 1957

25

  • Jaroslav Řídký born (Liberec, Czech Rep) Czech composer, conductor, harpist. Died 1956

unk

  • Florrie Forde makes her London stage debut

Sep 1897

3

  • Francisco Paulo Mignone born (São Paulo) Brazilian composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1986

8

  • Yefim Golyshev born (Ukraine) Russian composer, painter. Died 1970
  • Jimmie Rodgers born (Meridian, MS) American country singer, songwriter. Died 1933
  • Gustav Mahler promoted to director of the Vienna Hofoper

12

  • Edward Elgar’s Te Deum, Benedictus op.34 for choir, organ and orchestra premiered in Hereford

15

  • Hubert Parry’s Magnificat for soprano, chorus and orchestra premiered in Hereford

18

  • Pablo Sorozábal born (San Sebastián, Spain) Basque composer, conductor. Died 1988
  • Sam H. Stept born (Odessa) American popular songwriter. Died 1964

20

  • Karel Bendl (59) dies in Prague

21

  • Hugo Wolf committed to an asylum in Vienna

28

  • Hugh Morton & Gustave Kerker’s musical The Belle of New York opens on Broadway (64 performances)

30

  • Gaspar Cassadó born (Barcelona) Catalan composer, cellist. Died 1966

Oct 1897

5

  • Émile-Alexandre Taskin (44) dies in Paris
  • Edward German’s symphonic poem Hamlet premiered in Birmingham

6

  • Charles Villiers Stanford’s Requiem Mass op.63 premiered in Birmingham

10

  • Lamar Stringfield born (Raleigh, NC) American composer, flautist, conductor, folk music collector. Died 1959
  • Alexander von Zemlinsky’s opera Sarema premiered in Munich. Lib. von Zemlinsky

11

  • Leo Reisman born (Boston, MA) American popular bandleader, violinist. Died 1961
  • Léon Boëllmann (35) dies in Paris of tuberculosis

14

  • Károly Aggházy’s opera Marietta, lib. J Fuhrmann, premiered in Budapest

18

  • Frederick Delius’s incidental music for G. Heiberg’s play Folkeraadet premiered in Oslo

20

  • Ernst Mielck’s Symphony premiered in Helsinki

23

  • Edward Elgar’s Three Bavarian Dances for orchestra premiered in London
  • Hamish MacCunn’s opera Diarmid premiered in London. Lib. Duke of Argyll
  • Aleksandr Scriabin’s Concerto for piano and orchestra op.20 premiered in Odessa

26

  • Tiana Lemnitz born (Metz) German soprano singer. Died 1994

Nov 1897

1

  • Jean Sibelius’s Koskenlaskijan morsiamet [The Rapid-Rider’s Brides] for baritone or mezzosoprano and orchestra premiered in Helsinki

4

  • Oscar Lorenzo Fernández born (Rio de Janeiro) Brazilian composer. Died 1948

5

  • Robert Planquette’s operetta Mam’zelle Quat’sous premiered in Paris. Lib. Antoine Mars and Maurice Ernest Georges Desvallières

6

  • Edouard Deldevez (80) dies in Paris

12

  • Karl Marx born (Munich) German composer, conductor, educationalist. Died 1985

13

  • Frederick Delius’s overture Over the Hills and Far Away premiered in Elberfeld
  • August Enna’s opera Den lille pige med svolstikerne [The Little Match Girl], lib. H. O. Rode after Hans Christian Andersen, premiered in Copenhagen

14

  • Giuseppina Strepponi (82) dies in Bussetto, Italy

16

  • André Messager’s operetta Les p’tites Michu [The little Michu] premiered in Paris, lib. G. Duval and A. Vanloo

23

  • Ruth Etting born (David City, NE) American popular singer, stage actress. Died 1978

25

  • Willie “The Lion” Smith aka William Henry Joseph Bonaparte Bertholoff Smith born (Goshen, NY) American jazz and stride pianist. Died 1973

27

  • Jules Massenet’s opera Sapho premiered in Paris, lib. H. Cain and A. Bernède
  • Francesco Cilea’s opera L’arlesiana premiered in Milan. Lib. Leopoldo Marenco

30

  • Lee Morse born (Portland, OR) American jazz singer, songwriter, actress. Died 1954

unk

  • Karl Michael Ziehrer’s waltz Ziehrereien op.478 premiered in Vienna

Dec 1897

1

  • Charles Ives’ The Bells of Yale for baritone, chorus and cello premiered in South Norwalk, CT

4

  • Adolf Neuendorff (54) dies in New York

6

  • John Fernström born (Ichang, China) Swedish composer, conductor, teacher, painter. Died 1961

7

  • Edward Elgar’s song Rondel (Longfellow) op.16/3 premiered in London

15

  • Ed Allen born (Nashville, TN) American jazz cornetist, trumpeter. Worked with Charlie Creath, Earl Hines, Clarence Williams & Joe Jordan. Died 1974

18

  • Fletcher Henderson born (Cuthbert, GA) American bandleader, pianist, arranger, composer. Died 1952

28

  • Zdeněk Fibich’s opera Šárka premiered in Prague. Lib. Anezka Schulzová
  • John Philip Sousa’s operetta The Bride Elect premiered in New Haven, CT, lib. Sousa

29

  • Léon Carvalho (72) dies in Paris

1897 (date unknown)

  • King Solomon Hill aka Joe Holmes born (McComb, MS) American blues singer, guitarist. Died 1949
  • George Whitefield Chadwick appointed Director of New England Conservatory
  • André Messager appointed musical director of the Opéra-Comique, Paris
  • The Gramophone Company founded in London by William Barry Owen and Trevor Williams as the UK partner of Emile Berliner’s Berliner Gramophone Company

publications

  • Edvard Grieg’s Lyric Pieces Book 8 op.65 published
  • Ben Harney’s Rag Time Instructor published in New York

songs published

  • At A Georgia Camp Meeting (Kerry Mills); Harlem Rag (Tom Turpin)

releases

  • George J Gaskin – On The Banks Of The Wabash (Columbia)
  • Vess Osman – Ragtime Medley (Berliner)
  • Len Spencer – A Hot Time On The Levee (Columbia)
Tom Turpin 1871-1922

Tom Turpin 1871-1922

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