1905

<19041906>

Jan

1

  • Karel Weis’s opera Die Dorfmusikanten [the village musicians], lib. Rudolf Haas, premiered in Prague

2

  • Michael Tippett born (London) English composer, conductor, teacher. Died 1998

4

  • Theodore Thomas (69) dies in Chicago of pneumonia

6

  • Leos Janáček’s piano suite On an Overgrown Path premiered in Brno

8

  • Giacinto Scelsi born (La Spezia, Italy) Italian composer, poet. Died 1988
  • Florent Schmitt’s symphonic poem Le Palais hanté [the haunted palace] premiered in Paris

10

  • Albert Arlen (Aarons) born (Sydney) Australian composer, pianist, playwright, actor. Died 1993
  • Franz Berwald’s Symphony No.3 in C major, Sinfonie singulière premiered in Stockholm

12

  • Tex Ritter born (Murvaul, TX) American country singer, actor. Died 1974

16

  • Ernesto Halffter Escriche born (Madrid) Spanish composer. Died 1989

17

  • Peggy Gilbert aka Margaret F. Knechtges born (Sioux City, IO) American jazz saxophonist, bandleader, singer. Led all-women bands from 1933 to the late 1980s. Died 2007

24

  • Elena Nicolai aka Stoyanka Savova Nikolova born (Tzerovo, Bulgaria) Bulgarian mezzo-soprano singer. Died 1993

25

  • Alexander von Zemlinsky’s symphonic fantasy Die Seejungfrau [the mermaid] premiered in Vienna

26

  • Maria von Trapp née Kutschera born (Vienna) Austrian popular singer, inspiration for the musical The Sound of Music (Von Trapp Family Singers). Died 1987
  • Arnold Schoenberg’s symphonic poem Pelleas und Melisande premiered in Vienna

28

  • Italo Montemezzi’s opera Giovanni Gallurese premiered in Turin. Lib. Francesco D’Angelantonio

29

  • Gustav Mahler’s songs Revelge; Der Tamboursg’sell [the drum company]; Blicke mir nicht in die Lieder [do not look for me in the songs]; Des Antonius von Padua Fischpredigt [Anthony of Padua preaching fish]; Ich atmet’ einen linden Duft [I breathed a gentle fragrance]; Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen [I am lost to the world]; Lied des Verfolgten im Turm [Song of the person in the tower]; Um Mitternacht [at midnight] & song cycle Kindertotenlieder [songs for dead children] premiered in Vienna

releases

  • Vess Ossman – St Louis Rag (Columbia)

Vess Ossman 1868-1923

Feb

2

  • André Hossein aka Aminoullah Husseinov born (Samarkand, Uzbekistan) Iranian composer, tar [lute] player. Died 1983

5

  • Clifton Parker born (London ) English film composer. Died 1989
  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ Cello concerto no.2 premiered in Paris

10

  • William ‘Chick’ Webb born (Baltimore, MD) American jazz bandleader, drummer. Led the Chick Webb Orchestra. Died 1938
  • Edmund Eysler’s operetta Pufferl premiered in Vienna. Lib. Ignatz Schnitzer and Sigmund Schlesinger

11

  • Lebert Lombardo born (London, Ontario) Canadian popular trumpeter, singer. Worked with The Royal Canadians. Brother of Guy (1902-77), Carmen (1913-71) and Victor (1911-94) Lombardo. Died 1993

12

  • Edward Dannreuther (60) dies in Hastings, Sussex

13

  • André Messager’s opera Les dragons de l’impératrice [Dragons of the Empress] premiered in Paris, lib. G. Duval and A. Vanloo

14

  • Max Erdmannsdörfer (56) dies in Munich
  • Jules Massenet’s opera Chérubin premiered in Monte Carlo, lib. F. de Croisset and H. Cain

15

  • Harold Arlen born (Buffalo, NY) American popular songwriter. Died 1986

17

  • Charlie Spivak born (New Haven, CT) American jazz trumpeter, big band leader. Worked with Paul Specht, Ben Pollack, the Dorsey Brothers, Ray Noble, Glenn Miller, Tommy Dorsey, Jack Teagarden and his own bands. Died 1982

18

  • Claude Debussy’s L’Isle joyeuse [the happy island] for piano & Masques for piano premiered in Paris

20

  • Max Reger’s Ten Songs for Male Choir op.83 premiered in Leipzig

21

  • Franz Léhar’s opera Tatjana premiered in Brno, lib. F. Falzari and M. Kalbeck (revision of Kukuška)

27

  • Alexander Mackenzie’s opera The Knights of the Road premiered in London. Lib. Henry Lytton

28

  • Louis Metcalf born (Webster Groves, MO) American jazz cornetist, trumpeter, bandleader. Worked with Duke Ellington, Fletcher Henderson and his own bands. Died 1981

Edmund Eysler 1874-1949

Mar

1

  • Hubert Parry’s incidental music for Aristophanes’s play The Clouds premiered in Oxford
  • Max Reger’s Variations and Fugue on an Original Theme op.73 for organ premiered in Berlin

2

  • Marc Blitzstein born (Philadelphia, PA) American composer. Died 1964

3

  • Alfred Bruneau’s opera L’Enfant roi [the infant king], lib. xx, premiered in Paris

4

  • Alexander Glazunov’s Violin Concerto premiered in St Petersburg

6

  • Bob Wills born (Kosse, TX) American country bandleader, singer, songwriter, fiddler. Led the Texas Playboys. Died 1975
  • Scott Joplin’s Bethena copyrighted

7

  • Max Reger’s Sonata for violin and piano no.5 op.84 premiered in Berlin

8

  • Edward Elgar’s Pomp and Circumstance March no.3 op.39/3 for orchestra & Introduction and Allegro op.47 for strings premiered in London

12

  • Ottorino Respighi’s opera Re Enzo premiered in Bologna, lib. A. Donini

15

  • Bertha ‘Chippie’ Hill born (New York, NY) American blues singer, dancer. Died 1950

16

  • Pietro Mascagni’s opera Amica premiered in Monte Carlo, lib. P. Bérel trans G. Targioni-Tozzetti

18

  • Béla Bartók meets Zoltan Kodály for the first time in Budapest

21

  • Carl Nielsen’s Sleep op.18 for chorus and orchestra premiered in Copenhagen

23

  • Lale Andersen born (Lehe, Germany) German popular singer, songwriter. Died 1972

26

  • André Cluytens born (Antwerp) Franco-Belgian conductor. Died 1967

27

  • Leroy Carr born (Nashville, TN) American blues singer, pianist, songwriter. Died 1935
  • Joseph Holbrooke’s Piano Quartet in G minor op.21 premiered in London

30

  • Géza Zichy’s opera Nemo premiered in Budapest. Lib. Zichy

31

  • Big Maceo Merriweather born (Atlanta, GA) American blues singer, pianist, songwriter. Died 1953
Ottorino Respighi 1879-1936

Ottorino Respighi 1879-1936

Apr

2

  • Kurt Herbert Adler born (Vienna) Austro-American conductor, opera director. Died 1988
  • Teresa Carreño records eighteen pieces for the player-piano

4

  • Eugène Bozza born (Nice) French composer, teacher. Died 1991
  • Arnold Bax’s A Connemara Revel for orchestra premiered in London

5

  • Jef Maes born (Antwerp) Belgian composer, viola player, teacher. Died 1996
  • Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov leaves his post as conductor of the St. Petersburg Conservatory

11

  • Frederick Stock appointed music director of the Chicago Symphony succeeding Theodore Thomas

12

  • Giuseppe Gariboldi (72) dies in Castelraimondo, Italy

13

  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ Sonata no.2 for cello and piano op.123 premiered in Paris

14

  • Engelbert Humperdinck’s opera Die Heirat wider Willen [the unwilling marriage] premiered in Berlin, lib. H. Humperdinck

16

  • Josef Bohuslav Foerster’s opera Jessika premiered in Prague. Lib. Jaroslav Vrclicky

23

  • Karl Komzak (54) dies in Baden bei Wien, Austria. Trying to jump on to a moving train, he slips and falls under the wheels

29

  • Rudolf Schwarz born (Vienna) Anglo-Austrian conductor. Died 1994

30

  • Jean Sibelius’s Cortège for orchestra premiered in Helsinki

Teresa Carreño 1853-1917

May

1

  • Arthur Whetsol born (Punta Gorda, FL) American jazz trumpeter. Worked with Duke Ellington. Died 1940

2

  • Alan Rawsthorne born (Haslingden, Lancs) English composer. Died 1971

4

  • Mátyás Seiber born (Budapest) Anglo-Hungarian composer, teacher. Died 1960

5

  • Ernst Pauer (78) dies in Seeheim-Jugenheim, Germany

7

  • Bumble Bee Slim aka Amos Easton born (Brunswick, GA) American blues singer, guitarist. Died 1968

8

  • Ernest Loring ‘Red’ Nichols born (Ogden, UT) American jazz cornettist, bandleader, composer. Worked with Paul Whiteman, California Ramblers, Miff Mole and Red Nichols & his Five Pennies. Died 1965

10

  • Louis Kaufman born (portland, OR) American classical violinist. Died 1994
  • The first Leith Hill Music Festival, co-founded by Ralph Vaughan Williams, takes place in Dorking, Surrey with seven choirs taking part

11

  • ‘Kansas’ Joe McCoy born (Raymond, MS) American blues singer, guitarist, songwriter. Worked with the Harlem Hamfats. Brother of Papa Charlie McCoy (1909-50), second husband of Memphis Minnie (1897-1973). Died 1950

15

  • Hugo Rignold born (Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey) English conductor, violinist. Died 1976
  • Andrey Schulz-Evler (52) dies in Warsaw
  • Manuel de Falla’s Allegro de concierto for piano premiered in Madrid

17

  • Maurice Ravel’s Alborada del Gracioso [dawn of the funny] for piano premiered in Paris

18

  • Theodor Berger born (Traismauer an der Donau, Austria) Austrian composer. died 1992
  • Dick McPartland born (Chicago, IL) American jazz guitarist, banjo player. Worked with Red McKenzie, Irving Mills, Jack Teagarden and his brother Jimmy McPartland (1907-91). Died 1957
  • Eric Zeisl born (Vienna) Austro-American composer, teacher. Died 1959

25

  • Bela Bartók’s Rhapsody for piano no.1 premiered in Ujpest

29

  • Fela Sowande aka Olufela Obafunmilayo Sowande born (Abeokuta, Nigeria) Nigerian composer, organist, choirmaster, teacher. Died 1987
  • Aleksandr Scriabin’s Symphony no.3 premiered in Paris

30

  • Sidney de Paris born (Crawfordville, IA) American jazz trumpeter. Worked with Charlie Johnson’s Paradise Ten, Don Redman, Zutty Singleton, Benny Carter and Art Hodes. Brother of Wilbur de Paris (1900-73). Died 1967
  • Albert Ellmenreich (89) dies in Lübeck, Germany
  • George Grossmith Jr, Ivan Caryll, Lionel Monckton, Adrian Ross & Percy Greenbank’s musical The Spring Chicken opens in London (401 performances)

31

  • Franz Strauss (83) dies in Munich

releases

  • Arthur Collins – The Preacher & The Bear (Edison). The first million seller.
Joe Arzoni's "The Preacher and the Bear". Original sheet music

Joe Arzoni’s “The Preacher and the Bear”. Original sheet music

Jun

9

  • Martha Boswell born (Kansas City, MO) American popular singer (Boswell Sisters). Sister of Connee (1907-76) and Vet Boswell (1911-88). Died 1958
  • Walter Kraft born (Cologne) German organist, composer. Organist at the Marienkirche, Lübeck 1962-72. Died 1977

13

  • Doc Cheatham born (Nashville, TN) American jazz bandleader, trumpeter, singer. Worked with Cab Calloway and Benny Goodman. Died 1997
  • Xian Xinghai born (Macao) Chinese composer. Died 1945

18

  • Eduard Tubin born (Kallaste, Estonia) Estonian composer, conductor. Died 1982

20

  • Zoltan Kodály’s Intermezzo for string trio premiered in Budapest

22

  • Walter Leigh born (London) English composer. Died 1942

28

  • The Juilliard School founded in New York (as the Institute of Musical Art)

29

  • Gustav Holst’s The Mystic Trumpeter for soprano and orchestra premiered in London

The Juilliard School, New York

Jul

7

  • Max Rostal born (Cieszyn, Poland) Austrian violinist, viola player, music editor. Died 1991
  • Karl Michael Ziehrer’s operetta Fesche Geister [dashing spirits], lib. Leopold Krenn and Carl Lindau, premiered in Vienna

8

  • Giacomo Puccini’s opera Edgar premiered in Buenos Aires, lib. F. Fontana (third and definitive version)

10

  • Ivie Anderson born (Gilroy, CA) American jazz singer. Worked with Duke Ellington. Died 1949
  • Giacomo Puccini’s opera Madama Butterfly premiered in London, lib. G. Giacosa and L. Illica (third version)

11

  • Clyde Bernhardt born (Gold Hill, NC) American jazz trombonist, bandleader. Worked with King Oliver, Edgar Hayes, Luis Russell and Joe Garland. Died 1966

15

  • Dorothy Fields born (Allenhurst, NJ) American librettist, lyricist. Died 1974

19

  • Louis Boyd Neel born (London) Anglo-Canadian conductor, teacher. Died 1981
Cover of the score of Puccini's opera Edgar

Cover of the score of Puccini’s opera Edgar

Aug

2

  • Karl Amadeus Hartmann born (Munich) German composer. Died 1963

4

  • Boris Alexandrovich Alexandrov born (Tver, Russia) Russian composer, choir director. Son of Alexander Alexandrov (1883-1946). Died 1994

8

  • André Jolivet born (Paris) French composer, music director. Died 1974

23

  • Constant Lambert born (London) English composer, conductor. Father of Kit Lambert (1935-81). Died 1951

24

  • Arthur ‘Big Boy’ Crudup born (Forest, MS) American blues singer, guitarist, songwriter. Died 1974
  • Jean Sibelius’ Ej med klagan [without lamentations] for chorus premiered in Helsinki

29

  • Jack Teagarden born (Vernon, TX) American jazz bandleader, trombonist, singer. Worked with Ben Pollack, Glenn Miller, Paul Whiteman, his own bands, Louis Armstrong and others. Died 1964

31

  • Francesco Tamagno (54) dies in Varese, Italy of heart failure
Francesco Tamagno  1850-1905

Francesco Tamagno 1850-1905

Sep

1

  • Gervase Hughes born (Birmingham) English composer, conductor, writer. Died 1984
  • Luigi Bolis (65) dies in Gorlago, Italy

3

  • Meade Lux Lewis born (Chicago, IL) American boogie-woogie pianist, composer. Died 1964

4

  • Harry B. Smith and Victor Herbert’s musical Miss Dolly Dollars opens in New York (112 performances)

12

  • Boris Arapov born (St Petersburg) Russian composer, teacher. Died 1992

22

  • Célestine Galli-Marié (64) dies in Paris

23

  • Myron ‘Tiny’ Bradshaw born (Youngstown, OH) American jazz and R&B bandleader, singer, pianist, drummer, composer. Worked with The Mills Blue Rhythm Band and Luis Russell. Died 1958
  • Edward German’s incidental music for Millicent, Duchess of Sutherland’s play The Conqueror premiered in London
  • Ivan Zajc’s opera Der Wildling, lib. Richard Genee, premiered in Zagreb
Millicent Leveson-Gower, Duchess of Sutherland 1867-1955

Millicent Leveson-Gower, Duchess of Sutherland 1867-1955

Oct

7

  • Edmund Eysler’s operetta Die Schützenliesel, lib. Leo Stein and C. Lindau, premiered in Vienna

8

  • Max Reger’s Sinfonietta op.90 for orchestra premiered in Essen

14

  • Leo Ascher’s operetta Vergeltsgott [God bless you], lib. Ascher, premiered in Vienna

15

  • Dag Wirén born (Striberg, Sweden) Swedish composer, critic, pianist. Died 1986
  • Claude Debussy’s La mer: 3 symphonic sketches premiered in Paris

19

  • Hans Pfitzner’s incidental music for H. von Kleist’s play Das Käthchen von Heilbronn [Cathy of Heilbronn] premiered in Berlin

22

  • Joseph Kosma born (Budapest) Franco-Hungarian film composer, songwriter. Died 1969

24

  • Paul Csonka born (Vienna) Austrian composer, conductor. Died 1995

25

  • Samuel Coleridge-Taylor’s 5 Choral Ballads for baritone, 4 voices and orchestra premiered in Norwich, lib. H.W. Longfellow

26

  • Hubert Parry’s cantata The Pied Piper of Hamelin for chorus and orchestra premiered in Norwich

27

  • Felipe Pedrell’s cantata Matinada for choir and orchestra premiered in Barcelona

30

  • Christian Darnton born (Leeds) English composer. Died 1981
  • Jules Danbé (64) dies in Paris
Claude Debussy - La Mer etc (Naxos)

Claude Debussy – La Mer etc (Naxos)

Nov

7

  • William Alwyn born (Northampton) English composer, conductor, teacher, flautist. Died 1985

9

  • Engelbert Humperdinck’s incidental music for Shakespeare’s play Der Kaufmann von Venedig [The Merchant of Venice] premiered in Berlin
  • Gustav Mahler makes three piano rolls in Leipzig
  • Spyridon Samaras’s opera Mademoiselle de Belle Isle premiered in Genoa. Lib. Paul Milliet

10

  • Tommy Dorsey born (Shenandoah, PA) American jazz bandleader, trombonist. Worked with Paul Whiteman, Dorsey Brothers Orchestra and led the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra. Brother of Jimmy Dorsey (1904-57). Died 1956

12

  • Yevgeny Brusilovsky born (Rostov-on-Don, Russia) Russian composer, teacher. Died 1981
  • Eugen d’Albert’s opera Flauto solo premiered in Prague. Lib.Paul Hans von Wolzogen

14

  • Petar Stojanović’s opera A Tigris premiered in Budapest. Lib. Stojanović

15

  • Francis Chagrin aka Alexander Paucker born (Bucharest) Anglo-Romanian film composer, conductor. Died 1972
  • Annunzio Paolo Mantovani born (Venice) Italian conductor, arranger. Died 1980

16

  • Eddie Condon born (Goodland, IN) American jazz bandleader, guitarist, banjo player. Worked with Red McKenzie, Red Nichols and his own bands. Died 1973

24

  • Harry Barris born (New York, NY) American popular singer, songwriter. Father of television game show host Chuck Barris (b.1929). Died 1962

27

  • Daniel Sternefeld born (Antwerp) Belgian conductor, composer. Died 1986

29

  • Mario Braggiotti born (Florence) Italian-American pianist, composer, radio personality. Died 1996
Spyridon Samaras 1861-1917

Spyridon Samaras 1861-1917

Dec

2

  • Moe Asch born (Warsaw) Polish-American record producer. Founder of  the Asch, Disc and Folkways record labels. Died 1986
  • Osvaldo Pugliese born (Buenos Aires) Argentinian tango bandleader, arranger, pianist. Died 1995

6

  • Jenő Huszka’s operetta Gül Baba, lib. Ferenc Martos, premiered in Budapest

8

  • Ernst Hermann Meyer born (berlin) German composer, musicologist, teacher. Died 1988

9

  • Henry Holmes (65) dies in San Francisco, CA
  • Richard Strauss’ opera Salomé premiered in Dresden, lib. Oscar Wilde trans. H. Lachmann

14

  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Piano Quintet premiered in London

15

  • Ferenc Farkas born (Nagykanizsa, Hungary) Hungarian composer, teacher. Died 2000

16

  • Alexander Glazunov appointed director of the St Petersburg Conservatory, a post he holds until 1928

21

  • Harry Revel born (London) English theatre and film composer. Died 1958

25

  • Victor Herbert’s musical Mlle. Modiste opens on Broadway (202 performances). Lib. Henry Blossom

26

  • Charles-Marie Widor’s opera Les pêcheurs de Saint-Jean [The fishermen of St. John] premiered in Paris, lib. H. Cain

29

  • Lawrence Leo ‘Snub’ Mosley born (Little Rock, AR) American jazz trombonist. Worked with Claude Hopkins, Fats Waller, Louis Armstrong, Luis Russell and his own groups. Died 1981

30

  • Victor Jacobi’s operetta Legvitézebb Huszár [The Bravest Hussar], lib. Ferenc Martos, premiered in Budapest
  • Franz Lehar’s operetta Die lustige Witwe [The Merry Widow] premiered in Vienna, lib. V. Léon and L. Stein

31

  • Jule Styne born (London) Anglo-American popular songwriter. Died 1994
Franz Lehár 1870-1948

Franz Lehár 1870-1948

date unknown

  • Adele and Fred Astaire begin performing together in Vaudeville
  • Gabriel Fauré appointed director of the Paris Conservatory, succeeding Théodore Dubois. He holds the post until 1920
  • Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov appointed director of the Moscow Conservatory, a post he holds until 1924

publications

  • Heinrich Ignaz Biber’s Rosary Sonatas, a collection of 15 sonatas and one passacaglia for violin written in or around 1676 are for the first time published from a rediscovered manuscript source
  • Samuel Coleridge-Taylor’s 24 Negro Melodies published in Boston, MA
  • César Franck’s L’organiste II (30 pieces for organ) published in Paris
  • Cecil Sharp & Sabine Baring-Gould’s English Folk Songs for Schools published in London

songs published

  • (You’re My Heart’s Desire, I Love You) Nellie Dean (Henry W Armstrong); Nobody (Alex Rogers, Bert A. Williams)

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