1914

<1913 1915>

Jan

1

  • Paul Vidal appointed director of the Opéra-Comique, Paris, a post he holds until 1919

2

  • Luise Jaide (71) dies in Darmstadt

3

  • Raoul Pugno (61) dies in Moscow while on a Russian concert tour

5

  • François Cellier (64) dies in Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey

9

  • Kenny Clarke born (Pittsburgh, PA) American jazz drummer. Member of the Modern Jazz Quartet. Also worked with Roy Eldridge, Edgar Hayes, Teddy Hill, Benny Carter, Dizzy Gillespie and Francy Boland. Died 1985
  • Alexander Glazunov’s incidental music for the play The King of the Jews op.95 premiered in Moscow

10

  • Joe Hill arrested in Salt Lake City for the murders of John G. and Arling Morrison

14

  • Franz Rudolph Wurlitzer (82) dies in Cincinnati, OH
  • Jules Massenet’s incidental music for G. Rivollet’s play Jérusalem premiered in Monte Carlo
  • Erik Satie’s Chapitres tournés en tous sens [Chapters turned in all directions] for piano premiered in Paris
  • Igor Stravinsky’s Tri stikhotvoreniya iz yaponskoy liriki (Trois poésies de la lyrique japonaise) [Three Japanese Lyrics] for soprano and accompaniment premiered in Paris

15

  • Kiyoshige Koyama born (Nagano, Japan) Japanese composer, teacher. Died 2009

16

  • Buddy Moss born (Jewell, GA) American blues singer, guitarist, songwriter. Died 1984

20

  • Francis Roy Plomley born (London) English radio broadcaster, producer, writer. Devised and presented Desert Island Discs. Died 1985

21

  • Dimitris Dragatakis born (Platanoussa, Greece) Greek composer, viola player, administrator. Died 2001
  • Edward Elgar makes his first recording for the Gramophone Company (HMV) in Hayes, conducting the premiere of  Carissima for orchestra

22

  • Frederik Rung (59) dies in Copenhagen

23

  • George W. Johnson (67) dies in New York of pneumonia

24

  • Gian Francesco Malipiero’s opera Canossa premiered in Rome. Lib. Silvio Benco

27

  • Andrew ‘Smokey’ Hogg born (Westconnie, TX) American blues singer, guitarist, songwriter. Died 1960

30

  • Franz Léhar’s operetta Endlich allein [alone at last] premiered in Vienna, lib. A.M. Willner and R. Bodanzky

31

  • Jean Roger-Ducasse’s opera Orphée [Orpheus], lib. Roger-Ducasse, premiered in St Petersburg

unk

  • Igor Stravinsky moves to Switzerland
Frederik Rung 1854-1914

Frederik Rung 1854-1914

Feb

5

  • William S. Burroughs born (St Louis, MO) American writer, poet, lyricist, spoken word performer. Died 1997
  • Sergei Prokofiev’s Piano Sonata no.2 op.14 & Ballade for cello and piano op.15 premiered in Moscow
  • José María Usandizaga’s opera Las golondrinas [the swallows], lib. Usandizaga after Santiago Rusiñol, premiered in Madrid

8

  • Charles Villiers Stanford’s Irish Rhapsody no.4 op.141 ‘The fisherman of Lough Neagh and what he saw’ for orchestra premiered in Amsterdam

9

  • Ernest Tubb born (Crisp, TX) American country singer, songwriter, guitarist. Died 1984

10

  • Larry Adler born (Baltimore, MD) American harmonica player, writer. Died 2001

11

  • Matt Dennis born (Seattle, WA) American popular songwriter, singer, pianist, bandleader, arranger. Died 2002
  • Josh White born (Greenville, SC) American folk and blues singer, guitarist, songwriter, activist, actor. Died 1969

12

  • Tex Beneke born (Fort Worth, TX) American jazz and popular singer, saxophonist, bandleader. Worked with the Glenn Miller Orchestra. Died 2000

13

  • In New York ASCAP (American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers) established by composer Victor Herbert to protect the copyrighted musical compositions of its members

17

  • Ernő Dohnányi’s Variationen über ein Kinderlied [Variations on a Nursery Tune] for piano and orchestra premiered in Berlin

18

  • Pee Wee King aka Julius Frank Anthony Kuczynski born (Milwaukee, WN) American country singer, songwriter, accordion player, fiddler. Died 1999

19

  • Riccardo Zandonai’s opera Francesca da Rimini, lib. Tito Ricordi, premiered in Turin

21

  • Hubert Parry’s incidental music for Aristophanes’s play The Acharnians premiered in Oxford
  • Oscar Straus’s operetta Die himmelblaue Zeit [the sky blue time], lib. Paul Wertheimer and Richard Batka, premiered in Vienna

23

  • Jules Massenet’s opera Cléopâtre premiered in Monte Carlo, lib. L. Payen

27

  • Winifred Atwell born (Tunapuna, Trinidad) Anglo-Trinidadian popular pianist. Died 1983
  • Adrian Boult makes his conducting debut in Liverpool
  • Victor Jacobi’s operetta Szibill [Cybil], lib. Miklós Bródy and Ferenc Martos, premiered in Budapest
  • Karl Michael Ziehrer’s operetta Das dumme Herz [the stupid heart], lib. R. Oesterreicher and W. Sterk, premiered in Vienna

Riccardo Zandonai 1883-1944

Mar

1

  • Barrett Deems born (Springfield, IL) American jazz drummer. Worked with Jimmy Dorsey, Louis Armstrong, Red Norvo and Muggsy Spanier. Died 1998

4

  • Benjamin Dwight Allen (83) dies in Wellesley, MA

5

  • Philip Farkas born (Chicago) American horn player, horn designer, teacher, music publisher. Died 1992

6

  • Carlos Lara Bareiro born (Capiata, Paraguay) Paraguayan composer, conductor. Died 1987
  • Kirill Kondrashin born (Moscow) Russian conductor. Died 1981
  • The Performing Right Society (PRS) founded in London

10

  • Gustav Holst’s Hymn to Dionysus for choir and orchestra premiered in London

12

  • Ferruccio Busoni’s Nocturne symphonique op.43 & Red Indian Fantasy op.44 for orchestra premiered in Berlin

14

  • Lee Hays born (Little Rock, AR) American folk singer, songwriter, activist, playwright, poet. Member of the Almanac Singers and the Weavers. Died 1981
  • Robert Pete Williams born (Zachary, LA) American blues singer, guitarist, songwriter. Died 1980

17

  • Amilcare Ponchielli’s opera I mori di Valenza [The Moors of Valencia] premiered in Monte Carlo, lib. A. Ghislanzoni (completed by Annibale Ponchielli)

18

  • César Guerra-Peixe born (Petrópolis, Brazil) Brazilian violinist, composer, musicologist, writer. Died 1993
  • Edgar Bainton’s The Vindictive Staircase op. 29 for chorus and orchestra premiered in London. Text: W. W. Gibson
  • Gustav Holst’s Choral Hymns from the Rig Veda – 4th group: Hymn to Agni, Hymn to Soma, Hymn to Manas, Hymn to Indra for choir and orchestra premiered in London

20

  • Arnold Bax’s Four Orchestral Sketches premiered in London

21

  • Paul Tortelier born (Paris) French cellist, composer. Died 1990
  • Claude Debussy’s Trois poèmes de Stéphane Mallarmé for voice and piano premiered in Paris
  • André Messager’s opera Béatrice premiered in Monte Carlo, lib. G.-A. de Caillavet and R. de Flers

22

  • Joseph Francis ‘Sonny’ Burke born (Scranton, PA) American big band and jazz bandleader, arranger, songwriter, conductor. Died 1980
  • Rodolphe Berger, Charles Cuvillier, Jules Erlanger, Reynaldo Hahn, Henri Hirchmann, Charles Lecocq, Louis Lecombe, Xavier Leroux, André Messager, Willy Redstone and Paul Vidal’s opera Miousic, lib. Paul Ferrier,  premiered in Paris

23

  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Phantasy Quintet for two violins, two violas and cello premiered in London

27

  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ A London Symphony (Symphony No.2) premiered in London

28

  • Erik Satie’s Croquis et agaceries d’un gros bonhomme en bois [Sketches and teasing of a wooden fat man] for piano premiered in Paris

29

  • Camille Howard born (Galveston, TX) American R&B singer, pianist. Died 1993

30

  • John Lee Curtis ‘Sonny Boy’ Williamson born (Glendora, MS) American blues singer, harmonica player, songwriter. Died 1948
  • Jean Sibelius’s Arioso for soprano and strings premiered in Turku
Ralph Vaughan Williams - A London Symphony (Chandos)

Ralph Vaughan Williams – A London Symphony (Chandos)

Apr

1

  • Franz Schmidt’s opera Notre Dame [our lady], lib. Schmidt and Leopold Wilk, premiered in Vienna

2

  • Enrique Granados’ piano suite Goyescas Book 2 premiered in Paris

3

  • Franco Alfano’s opera L’ombra di Don Giovanni [The shadow of Don Giovanni], lib. Ettore Moschino, premiered in Milan

4

  • Leos Janáček’s The Seventy Thousand for chorus premiered in Prague

19

  • Christian Sinding’s opera Der heilige Berg [the holy mountain], lib. Dora Duncker, premiered in Dessau

21

  • Luigi Russolo gives his first concert of ‘noise music’ in Milan amidst demonstrations, things being hurled at the stage and fights. Eleven people are hospitalised

30

  • Dorival Caymmi born (Salvador, Bahia, Brazil) Brazilian singer, songwriter, actor, painter. Died 2008
  • Edward Elgar’s Give unto the Lord op.70 for choir, organ and orchestra premiered in London

releases

  • Europe’s Society Orchestra – The Castles in Europe / Castle’s lame duck (Victor)
  • Europe’s Society Orchestra – Castle walk / You’re here and I’m here (Victor)
Luigi Russolo 1885-1947 with his 'mechanical orchestra'

Luigi Russolo 1885-1947 with his ‘mechanical orchestra’

May

6

  • Alfred Bachelet’s opera Scémo premiered in Paris. Lib. Charles Meré
  • Gustav Holst’s The Homecoming for chorus (text: Thomas Hardy) premiered in Morecambe

7

  • Felix Weingartner’s opera Kain und Abel premiered in Darmstadt. Lib. Weingartner

9

  • Carlo Maria Giulini born (Barletta, Italy) Italian conductor. Died 2005
  • Hank Snow born (Brooklyn, Nova Scotia) Canadian country singer, songwriter, guitarist. Died 1999

10

  • Lillian Nordica (56) dies of hypothermia and pneumonia following the shipwreck of the Tasman in Australia
  • Ernst von Schuch (67) dies in Dresden
  • Engelbert Humperdinck’s opera Die Marketenderin [the sutler] premiered in Cologne, lib. R. Misch

14

  • Richard Strauss’ ballet Josephs-Legende op.63 premiered in Paris

15

  • Henri Rabaud’s opera Mârouf, savetier du Caire [Marouf, Cobbler of Cairo], lib. Lucien Nepoty, premiered in Paris

18

  • Boris Christoff born (Plovdiv, Bulgaria) Bulgarian bass singer. Died 1993
  • Sergei Prokofiev’s Piano Concerto No. 1 premiered in St Petersburg

20

  • Luigi Russolo’s second concert of ‘noise music’ in Genoa passes off peacefully

22

  • Sun Ra aka Herman Poole Blount born (Birmingham, AL) American jazz bandleader, keyboard player, composer. Leader of the Sun Ra Arkestra. Died 1993

26

  • Harold ‘Shorty’ Baker born (St Louis, MO) American jazz trumpeter. Worked with Don Redman, Teddy Wilson, Andy Kirk and Duke Ellington. Died 1966
  • Ziggy Elman aka Harry Aaron Finkelman born (Philadelphia, PA) American jazz trumpeter. Worked with Benny Goodman. Died 1968
  • Darius Milhaud’s Première suite symphonique op.12 premiered in Paris
  • Igor Stravinsky’s opera Solovey (Le rossignol) [The Nightingale] premiered in Paris, lib. Stravinsky and S. Mitusov

27

  • Hugh Le Caine born (Thunder Bay, Ontario) Canadian physicist, composer, electronic instrument pioneer. Died 1977

31

  • Akira Ifukube born (Kushiro, Japan) Japanese film composer. Died 2006

Lillian Nordica 1857-1914

Jun

4

  • Jean Sibelius’s Aallottaret [The Oceanides] for orchestra premiered in Norfolk, CT

11

  • Paul Graener’s opera Don Juans letztes Abenteuer [Don Juan’s last adventure], lib. Otto Anthes, premiered in Leipzig
  • Richard Strauss is given an honorary doctorate in music from the University of Oxford to coincide with his 50th birthday

12

  • Bill Kenny born (Philadelphia, PA) American popular tenor singer. Member of the Ink Spots. Died 1978
  • Paul Hindemith’s Andante and Scherzo op.1 for clarinet, horn and piano premiered in Frankfurt

15

  • Efrem Zimbalist marries Alma Gluck in London

16

  • Louis Armstrong, aged 13, is released from reform school having learned to read music and play the cornet

17

  • Jan Sibelius gains a doctorate from Yale University in New Haven, CT

28

  • Lester Flatt born (Overton Co, TN) American bluegrass singer, guitarist, songwriter. Worked with Bill Monroe and Earl Scruggs. Died 1979
  • Edward Elgar’s song The Chariots of the Lord (text: J. Brownlie) premiered in London

29

  • Rafael Kubelík born (Býchory, Czech Rep) Czech conductor, composer. Died 1996

Alma Gluck 1884-1938

Jul

1

  • Max Reger leaves his position as Kapellmeister at the court of Duke George II in Meiningen, Germany

2

  • Frederick Fennell born (Cleveland, OH) American conductor, percussionist, teacher. Died 2004

5

  • Annie Fischer born (Budapest) Hungarian concert pianist. Died 1995

8

  • Billy Eckstine born (Pittsburgh, PA) American jazz and popular baritone singer, bandleader, trumpeter. Worked with Earl Hines, his own band and solo. Died 1993

14

  • Billy Kyle born (Philadelphia, PA) American jazz pianist. Worked with Lucky Millinder, John Kirby and Louis Armstrong. Died 1966

19

  • Josef Páleníček born (Travnik, Bosnia) Czech pianist, composer, teacher. Died 1991

21

  • Scott Joplin records piano rolls including Magnetic Rag

23

  • Harry Evans (41) dies in Liverpool

26

  • Ralph Blane aka Ralph Uriah Hunsecker born (Broken Arrow, OK) American popular songwriter, lyricist. Died 1995
  • Erskine Hawkins born (Birmingham, AL) American jazz trumpeter, bandleader. Led the ‘Bama State Collegians and the Erskine Hawkins Orchestra. Died 1993

31

  • The Paris Opéra closes because of impending war

unk

  • Igor Stravinsky visits Russia for the last time for nearly fifty years

Sheet music for Scott Joplin’s Magnetic Rag

Aug

3

  • Gabriel Dupont (36) dies in Le Vésinet, France of tuberculosis

5

  • Stjepan Šulek born (Zagreb) Croatian composer, violinist, conductor, teacher. Died 1986

9

  • Ferenc Fricsay born (Budapest) Hungarian conductor. Died 1963

10

  • Witold Małcużyński born (Koziczyn, Poland) Polish concert pianist. Died 1977

11

  • Hugh Martin born (Birmingham, AL) American film and theatre composer, songwriter, vocal coach. Died 2011
  • Pol Plançon (63) dies in Paris

15

  • Edward Elgar’s Sospiri op.70 for strings, harp and organ premiered in London

18

  • Anna Yesipova (63) dies in St Petersburg

19

  • Fumio Hayasaka born (Sendai, Japan) Japanese film composer. Died 1955

23

  • Harold Truscott born (Ilford) English composer, pianist, broadcaster. Died 1992

26

  • Rutland Boughton’s opera The Immortal Hour, lib. Boughton, premiered in Glastonbury at the inaugural Glastonbury Festival. The festival ran until 1926

28

  • Anatoly Lyadov (59) dies in Palimovka, Russia

unk

  • Percy Grainger moves to the United States
Anatoly Lyadov 1855-1914

Anatoly Lyadov 1855-1914

Sep

3

  • Albéric Magnard (49) dies in Baron, Oise, France when his house is set on fire by German soldiers

12

  • Eddy Howard born (Woodland, CA) American popular singer, bandleader, radio personality. Died 1963

13

  • Leonard Feather born (London) Anglo-American jazz pianist, composer, writer, critic. Died 1994
  • Ludwig Engländer (60) dies in New York

14

  • Mae Boren Axton born (Bardwell, TX) American country songwriter, disc jockey. Died 1997

21

  • Leroy ‘Slam’ Stewart born (Englewood, NJ) American jazz and R&B bassist. Worked with Slim Gaillard and many others. Died 1987

23

  • Alexander Winterberger (80) dies in Leipzig

24

  • Andrzej Panufnik born (Warsaw) Polish composer, pianist, conductor, teacher. Died 1991

28

  • Stevan Stojanovic Mokranjac (62) dies in Skopje, Macedonia

publications

  • St. Louis Blues by WC Handy published
Sheet music for W.C. Handy's "St Louis Blues"

Sheet music for W.C. Handy’s “St Louis Blues”

Oct

10

  • Ivory Joe Hunter born (Kirbyville, TX) American blues, R&B and country singer, pianist, songwriter. Died 1974
  • Joaquín Turina’s opera Margot, lib. M. Sierra, premiered in Madrid

15

  • Beniamino Gigli makes his operatic debut in Rovigo, Italy in a production of Ponchielli’s La Gioconda

19

  • Gerd Sannemüller born (Heilbad Heiligenstadt, Germany) German composer, pianist, musicologist, teacher. Died 2008

20

  • Adelina Patti sings in public for the final time at a Red Cross benefit concert in London

22

  • Charles-Wilfrid de Bériot (81) dies in Sceaux-du-Gâtinais, France

24

  • Yevgeniya Mravina (50) dies in Yalta, Ukraine

28

  • Richard Heuberger (64) dies in Vienna

releases

  • Victor Military Band – The Memphis blues / Rag-a-muffin rag (Victor)
Yevgeniya Mravina 1864-1914

Yevgeniya Mravina 1864-1914

Nov

2

  • Felicitas Kukuck born (Hamburg) German composer, pianist, teacher. Died 2001

5

  • Jack McVea born (Los Angeles) American R&B, jazz and blues clarinetist, tenor saxophonist, baritone saxophonist, bandleader, Died 2000

9

  • Jean-Baptiste Faure (84) dies in Paris

12

  • Hubert Parry’s symphonic poem From Death to Life premiered in Brighton

13

  • Alma Gluck records a session for Victor. Tracks cut include Carry Me Back to Old Virginny, the first recording by a classical musician to sell a million copies

19

  • Oscar Straus’s operetta Rund um die Liebe [All about love], lib. Robert Bodanzky and Friedrich Thelen, premiered in Vienna

25

  • Eddie Boyd born (Stovall, MS) American blues singer, pianist, songwriter. Died 1994
  • Davorin Jenko (79) dies in Ljubljana

30

  • Manuel de Falla’s incidental music for G. Martínez Sierra’s play La pasión premiered in Madrid

releases

  • American Quartet – It’s a long, long way to Tipperary / Arthur Pryor’s Band – Soldiers of the king (Victor)
The American Quartet: John Bieling, Billy Murray (ten) Steve Porter (bar) William F. Hooley (bass)

The American Quartet: John Bieling, Billy Murray (ten) Steve Porter (bar) William F. Hooley (bass)

Dec

2

  • Adolph Green born (New York) American lyricist, playwright, screenwriter. Wrote with Betty Comden. Died 2002

3

  • Edward ‘Corky’ Cornelius born (Indianapolis, IA) American jazz trumpeter. Worked with Benny Goodman, Gene Krupa and the Casa Loma Orchestra. Died 1943
  • Irving Fine born (Boston, MA) American composer. Died 1962
  • Hartmann von An der Lan-Hochbrunn (50) dies in Munich

7

  • Edward Elgar’s Carillon op.75 for speaker and orchestra premiered in London, lib. E. Cammaerts

8

  • Floyd Tillman born (San Antonio, TX) American country singer, songwriter, guitarist. Died 2003
  • Irving Berlin and H.B. Smith’s musical revue Watch your Step opens in New York (175 performances)

14

  • Shiv Dayal Batish born (Patiala, India) Indian film composer, singer, arranger, musician, writer. Died 2006
  • Giovanni Sgambati (73) dies in Rome
  • Havergal Brian’s Festal Dance premiered in Birmingham

15

  • Len Spencer (47) dies in New York following a cerebral haemorrhage

17

  • Leo Ascher’s operetta Was tut man nicht alles aus Liebe [What you do not do for love], lib. Felix Dörmann, premiered in Vienna

18

  • Connie ‘Pee Wee’ Crayton born (Liberty Hill, TX) American blues and R&B guitarist, singer. Died 1985

23

  • Dezider Kardoš born (Nadlice, Slovakia) Slovak composer, teacher, music administrator. Died 1991

24

  • Paul Rubens, Percy Greenbank and Fred Thompson’s musical To-Night’s the Night opens on Broadway (112 performances)

25

  • Bernhard Stavenhagen (52) dies in Geneva

26

  • Ivan Zajc (82) dies in Zagreb

28

  • Roebuck ‘Pops’ Staples born (Winona, MS) American Gospel, R&B and soul singer, songwriter, guitarist. Member of the Staple Singers. Father of  Cleotha (b.1934), Yvonne (b.1936), Mavis (b.1939) and Pervis (b.1935) Staples. Died 2000

unk

  • Max Steiner arrives in New York having emigrated from Austria via England

Date unknown

  • Malcolm Sargent appointed organist at St Mary’s Church, Melton Mowbray, Leics, a post he holds until 1924
  • Franz Schmidt appointed professor at the Vienna Conservatory, becoming director in 1925 and retiring in 1937

publications

  • Cecil Sharp’s English Folk Chanteys published in London

songs published

  • St. Louis Blues; The Yellow Dog Blues (both W. C. Handy); They Didn’t Believe Me (Herbert Reynolds, Jerome Kern); Twelfth Street Rag (Euday L. Bowman)

Nikolai Medtner 1880-1951

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