1919

<1918 1920>

Jan

3

  • Herbie Nichols born (New York, NY) American jazz pianist, composer. Died 1963

7

  • Sergei Prokofiev’s Old Grandmother’s Tales for piano op.31 premiered in New York

11

  • Ed McCurdy born (Willow Hill, PA) American folk singer, songwriter, actor. Died 2000
  • Frederick Delius’s Eventyr for orchestra premiered in London

12

  • Bohuslav Martinu’s cantata Czech Rhapsody premiered in Prague

16

  • Rudolf Dittrich (57) dies in Vienna
  • Ignacy Jan Paderewski appointed Prime Minister of Poland. He is the third to hold the position since independence barely two months previous

19

  • Israel Crosby born (Chicago, IL) American jazz bassist. Worked with Ahmad Jamal and George Shearing. Died 1962
  • Ray Eberle born (Hoosick Falls, NY) American jazz and pop singer. Worked with Glenn Miller 1938-42. Brother of Bob Eberly (1916-81). Died 1979

23

  • Millard Lampell born (Paterson, NJ) American screenwriter, songwriter, librettist. Member of the Almanac Singers. Died 1997

24

  • Leon Kirchner born (Brooklyn, NY) American composer. Died 2009

28

  • Arthur William Foote’s Scherzo for Flute and String Quartet premiered in Boston

30

  • Frederick Delius’s Violin Concerto premiered in London
  • Rubin Goldmark’s Requiem on Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address for orchestra premiered in New York

unk

  • Joseph Samuels makes his first recordings for Pathé in New York. Although he made around 400 recordings between 1919 and 1925, almost nothing is known about Samuels save the fact that he was probably from Tennessee and may have died in 1953.
  • Johnny Stein’s Original New Orleans Jazz Band record for Gennett. Line-up: Achille Baquet (cl) Frank Christian (cor) Jimmy Durante (p) Frank Lhotak (tb) Johnny Stein (d). Tracks cut include He’s Had No Loving for a Long, Long Time & Ja Da.

releases

  • Marion Harris – After You’ve Gone / Henry Burr – I’m glad I can make you cry (Victor)
Rudolf Dittrich 1861-1919

Rudolf Dittrich 1861-1919

Feb

1

  • Frederick Delius’s String Quartet premiered in London (4 movement version)

2

  • Lisa Della Casa born (Burgdorf, Switzerland) Swiss soprano singer. Died 2012

3

  • Eugene ‘Snooky’ Young born (Dayton, OH) American jazz trumpeter. Worked with Jimmie Lunceford and Count Basie. Died 2011

6

  • Wilbur Sweatman’s Jazz Band record a session for Columbia. Tracks cut include Ja DaA Good Man’s Hard To Find 

8

  • Buddy Morrow aka Muni Zudekoff born (New Haven, CT) American jazz trombonist, bandleader. Worked with Eddie Condon, Artie Shaw, Tommy Dorsey, Jimmy Dorsey and others. Died 2010

9

  • Francis Poulenc’s Trois Mouvements perpétuels [three perpetual movements] for piano premiered in Paris

13

  • Tennessee Ernie Ford born (Bristol, TN) American country singer, broadcaster. Died 1991

18

  • Henry Ragas (28) dies in New Orleans of spanish ‘flu

21

  • Zakaria Paliashvili’s opera Abesalom da Eteri premiered in Tbilisi. Lib. Petre Mirianashvili
  • Wilhelm Peterson-Berger’s opera Domedagsprofeterna [The Doomsday Prophets], lib. Peterson-Berger, premiered in Stockholm

22

  • Giovanni Bolzoni (77) dies in Turin
  • Carl Nielsen’s incidental music for A. Oehlenschläeger’s play Aladdin premiered in Copenhagen

27

  • Roman Haubenstock-Ramati born (Kraków) Polish composer, music editor, painter. Died 1994

releases

  • Original Dixieland Jazz Band – Clarinet Marmalade Blues / Mournin’ Blues (Victor)
Francis Poulenc 1899-1963

Francis Poulenc 1899-1963

Mar

6

  • Gialdino Gialdini (75) dies in Pescia, Italy

7

  • James Reese Europe’s Hellfighters Band make their first recordings for Pathé in New York. A dozen tracks are cut over three days including St Louis Blues; Indianola; Hesitating Blues; Plantation Echoes; Memphis Blues and Ja Da

9

  • Darius Milhaud’s Symphony no.2 op.49 premiered in Paris

10

  • Marion Hutton born (Battle Creek, MI) American actress, singer. Worked with the Glenn Miller Orchestra. Sisetr of Betty Hutton (1921-2007). Died 1987

11

  • Mercer Ellington born (Washington, DC) American jazz trumpeter, composer, arranger, bandleader. Son of Duke Ellington (1899-1974). Died 1996

14

  • Gabriel Fauré’s Ballade for piano and orchestra premiered in Paris

17

  • Nat ‘King’ Cole born (Montgomery, AL) American jazz and popular singer, pianist, actor. Died 1965
  • Jenő Huszka’s operetta Lili bárónő [Baroness Lili], lib. Ferenc Martos, premiered in Budapest

18

  • Engelbert Humperdinck’s opera Gaudeamus: Szenen aus dem deutschen Studentenleben [Gaudeamus: Scenes from a German student life] premiered in Darmstadt, lib. R. Misch

19

  • Lennie Tristano born (Chicago, IL) American jazz pianist, composer, teacher, bandleader. Died 1978

21

  • Edward Elgar’s Sonata op.82 for violin and piano premiered in Worcester

25

  • Charles Villiers Stanford’s A Song of Agincourt op.168 for orchestra premiered in London

26

  • Edward German’s Theme and Six Diversions for orchestra premiered in London

28

  • Jacob Avshalomov born (Qingdao, China) Russo-American composer, conductor, teacher. Son of Aaron Avshalomov (1894-1965).
  • Damal Krishnaswamy ‘D.K.’ Pattammal born ( Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India) Indian Carnatic and film singer. Died 2009

30

  • Darius Milhaud’s Chansons bas op.44 [low songs] for voice and piano & Trois poèmes de Léo Latil op.2 [three poems by leo Latil] for voice and piano premiered in Paris
  • Sergei Prokofiev’s Four Pieces op.32 for piano premiered in New York

31

  • Ferruccio Busoni’s Sarabande and Cortège op.51 for orchestra premiered in Zürich
  • Wilbur Sweatman’s Jazz Band record a session for Columbia. Tracks cut include I’ll Say She Does; Lucille & Slide Kelly Slide

unk

  • Matthijs Vermeulen’s Symphony no.1 premiered in Arnhem

Matthijs Vermeulen 1888-1967

Apr

3

  • Ervin Drake (Druckman) born (New York, NY) American popular songwriter.

5

  • Darius Milhaud’s String Quartet no.4 premiered in Paris
  • Jean Sibelius’ Ute hörs stormen [Outside the sorm is raging] for chorus premiered in Viipuri

7

  • Jimmy ‘T-99’ Nelson born (Philadelphia, PA) American blues singer, songwriter. Died 2007

10

  • Gabriel Fauré’s musical comedy Masques et bergamasques premiered in Monte Carlo, lib. R. Fauchois
  • Reynaldo Hahn’s opera Nausicaa premiered in Monte Carlo. Lib. René Fauchois

11

  • Gabriel Fauré’s Fantaisie op.111 for piano and orchestra premiered in Paris
  • Maurice Ravel’s Le Tombeau de Couperin [Couperin’s tomb] for piano premiered in Paris

12

  • István Anhalt born (Budapest) Hungaro-Canadian composer, teacher. Died 2012
  • Igor Stravinsky’s Suite from ‘The Firebird’ for orchestra premiered in Geneva (second version)

14

  • Karel Berman born (Jindřichův Hradec, Czech Rep) Czech bass singer, composer, opera director. Died 1995
  • The Original Dixieland Jazz Band play their proper debut British gig at the London Palladium (an earlier show at the Hippodrome consisted of just one number during a variety performance)

16

  • The Original Dixieland Jazz Band record the first of seven sessions for EMI Columbia in London. Tracks cut include Barnyard Blues & At the Jazz Band Ball.

17

  • Granville Bantock’s incidental music for Arnold Bennett’s play Judith premiered in Eastbourne

18

  • Sergei Rachmaninoff makes his first recordings for Edison

19

  • Merce Cunningham born (Centralia, WA) American dancer, choreographer. Died 2009
  • André Messager’s operetta Monsieur Beaucaire opens in London, lib. F. Lonsdale and A. Ross

21

  • Don Cornell aka Luigi Varlaro born (New York) American popular singer. Worked with Red nichols, Sammy Kaye and solo. Died 2004
  • Bela Bartók’s Suite for Piano op.14; Five Songs op.16 for voice and piano & Three Etudes op.18 for piano premiered in Budapest

22

  • Benjamin ‘Bull Moose’ Jackson born (Cleveland, OH) American R&B singer, saxophonist. Died 1989

23

  • Bülent Arel born (Istanbul) Turkish electronic music composer, teacher, painter, sculptor. Died 1990
  • Rutland Boughton’s opera The Moon Maiden premiered in Glastonbury, lib. Boughton

24

  • Camille Erlanger (55) dies in Paris
  • Albert Coates leaves the Soviet Union for Britain

25

  • Augustus D. Juilliard (83) dies in New York

29

  • Alla Rakha born (Paghwal, India) Indian tabla player, teacher. Worked with Ravi Shankhar. Died 2000
Marion Green and Maggie Teyte in a scene from the original London production of Andre Messager's operetta Monsieur Beaucaire

Marion Green and Maggie Teyte in a scene from the original London production of Andre Messager’s operetta Monsieur Beaucaire

May

1

  • Richard Strauss appointed conductor and artistic director at the Vienna State Opera

3

  • Pete Seeger born (New York, NY) American folk singer, songwriter, activist, broadcaster . Member of the Almanac Singers and the Weavers. Son of Charles Seeger (1886-1979), half-brother of Mike (1933-2009) and Peggy (b.1935) Seeger.

5

  • Séamus Ennis born (Finglas, Ireland) Irish Uilleann piper, singer, folk song collector. Died 1982
  • Soltan Hajibeyov born (Shusha, Azerbaijan) Azerbaijani composer, teacher. Cousin of Uzeyir Hajibeyov (1885-1948). Died 1974
  • James Reese Europe’s Hellfighters Band make their final recordings for Pathé in New York. Six tracks are cut including Clarinet Marmalade; Missouri Blues and Dixie Is Dixie Once More

9

  • James Reese Europe (38) stabbed to death by his band’s 16-year-old snare drummer, Herbert Wright, in Boston

10

  • Peter Maag born (St Gallen, Switzerland) Swiss conductor. Died 2001

12

  • The Original Dixieland Jazz Band record the second of seven sessions for EMI Columbia in London. Tracks cut include Ostrich Walk & Sensation Rag.

16

  • Wladziu Valentino Liberace born (West Allis, WN) American pianist, entertainer. Died 1987

17

  • Antonio Aguilar Barraza born (Villanueva, Mexico) Mexican popular singer, actor, writer. Died 2007
  • Maurice Ravel’s Alborada del gracioso [Gracious dawn] for orchestra premiered in Paris
  • Charles Villiers Stanford’s 2 sonatas op.165 for violin and piano premiered in London

18

  • Margot Fonteyn born (Reigate) English ballerina. Died 1991

19

  • Georgie Auld born (Toronto) Canadian-American jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, bandleader. Died 1990
  • The Original Dixieland Jazz Band record the third of seven sessions for EMI Columbia in London. Tracks cut include Look At ’Em Doing It & Tiger Rag.

21

  • Edward Elgar’s String Quartet op.83 & Piano Quintet op.84 premiered in London

24

  • Herbie Fields born (Asbury Park, NJ) American jazz alto saxophonist, clarinetist, bandleader. Worked with Lionel Hampton and his own bands. Died 1958
  • Nadezhda Rimskaya-Korsakova (70) dies in St Petersburg

31

  • Jean Sibelius’s Promootiomarssi [Academic March] for orchestra premiered in Helsinki

unk

  • Louis Armstrong joins Fate Marable’s orchestra performing on the Mississippi river boats. He stays until September 1921
Sheet music for Elgar's String Quartet (Novello)

Sheet music for Elgar’s String Quartet (Novello)

Jun

1

  • Manuel Klein (42) dies in Yonkers, NY

2

  • Ernest Ford (61) dies in London
  • Paul Hindemith stages a ‘composition evening’ of his own works in Frankfurt
  • George White’s Scandals of 1919 Broadway revue opens (128 performances)

5

  • Ottorino Respighi’s ballet La Boutique fantasque premiered in London
  • Anton Webern’s Five Songs from “Der siebente Ring” op.3 for voice and piano premiered in Vienna

8

  • Francis Poulenc’s song cycle Le Bestiaire [the bestiary] for voice and piano premiered in Paris

11

  • Helen Tobias-Duesberg born (Suure-Jaani, Estonia) Estonian-American composer, organist. Died 2010

14

  • Otto Klemperer marries soprano Johanna Meyer in Cologne

16

  • Al Viola born (Brooklyn, NY) American jazz guitarist, madolin player, session musician. Died 2007

17

  • Galina Ustvolskaya born (St Petersburg) Russian composer. Died 2006
  • Manuel de Falla’s El sombrero de tres picos [The Three Cornered Hat] for orchestra premiered in Madrid

20

  • Arthur Honegger’s String Quartet no.1 premiered in Paris

22

  • Ella Johnson born (Darlington, SC) American jazz and R&B singer. Sister of Buddy Johnson (1915-77). Died 2004

23

  • Arnold Bax’s The Enchanted Fiddle for voice and piano premiered in London
  • The Louisiana Five record a session for Columbia. Tracks cut include I Ain’t Got Time To Have The Blues & Alcoholic Blues

24

  • Darius Milhaud’s Les soirées de Petrograde op.55 [The evenings in Petrograd], 12 songs for voice and piano premiered in Paris
Poster for George White's Scandals of 1919

Poster for George White’s Scandals of 1919

Jul

14

  • Claude Trenier born (Mobile, AL) American R&B singer. Member of the Treniers. Died 1983
  • Cliff Trenier born (Mobile, AL) American R&B singer. Member of the Treniers. Died 2003
  • Reynaldo Hahn’s opera Fête triomphale [triumphal festival], lib. Georges Lepelletier de Bouhélier, premiered in Paris

20

  • Arnold Fishkind born (Bayonne, NJ) American jazz bassist, session player. Worked with Jack Teagarden, Les Brown, Lennie Tristiano, Charlie Barnet and others. Died 1999

27

  • Riccardo Zandonai’s opera La via della finestra [The way of the window], lib. Giuseppe Adami, premiered in Pesaro

29

  • Charles Farncombe born (London) English conductor. Died 2006

31

  • Norman Del Mar born (London) English conductor, teacher, writer. Died 1994
Reynaldo Hahn 1874-1947

Reynaldo Hahn 1874-1947

Aug

1

  • Oscar Hammerstein I (72) dies in New York of kidney disease

4

  • Ferdinand Thieriot (81) dies in Hamburg

7

  • Kim Borg born (Helsinki) Finnish bass singer, teacher, composer. Died 2000

9

  • Ruggero Leoncavallo (62) dies in Montecatini Terme, Italy

11

  • Ginette Neveu born (Paris) French classical violinist. Died 1949

13

  • George Shearing born (London) Anglo-American jazz pianist, bandleader. Died 2011
  • The Original Dixieland Jazz Band record the fourth of seven sessions for EMI Columbia in London. Tracks cut include Satanic Blues & Lasses Candy.

18

  • Anna Deinet (76) dies in Munich

21

  • Karl Muck released from an internment camp in Fort Oglethorpe, GA, and deported to Copenhagen

24

  • Niels Viggo Bentzon born (Copenhagen) Danish composer, pianist. Died 2000
  • Benny Moré born (Santa Isabel de las Lajas, Cuba) Cuban popular singer. Died 1963

30

  • Kitty Wells aka Ellen Muriel Deason born (Nashville, TN) American country singer, songwriter, guitarist. Died 2012
Karl Muck 1859-1940

Karl Muck 1859-1940

Sep

3

  • Arnold Bax’s Scherzo for orchestra premiered in London

6

  • John Malachi born (Red Springs, NC) American jazz pianist. Worked with Billy Eckstein, Illinois Jacquet, Dinah Washington, Sarah Vaughan and others. Died 1987

10

  • Lex van Delden aka Alexander Zwaap born (Amsterdam) Dutch composer. Died 1988

11

  • William Arundel Orchard’s opera Dorian Gray premiered in Sydney. Lib. Orchard after Oscar Wilde

15

  • Art Hickman and his orchestra make their first recordings for Columbia in New York. A number of sessions are recorded over the course of two weeks. Line-up: Steve Douglas (vln) Walt Roesner (tp) Fred Kaufman (tb) Clyde Doerr (as, bars, ob, cl) Bert Ralton (ss, ts, cl) Frank Ellis (p) Vic King, Ben Black, Marc Mojica (bjo) Bela Spiller (b) Art Hickman (d, p). Tracks cut include Hold Me & Dance It Again With Me.

16

  • Sven-Erik Bäck born (Stockholm) Swedish composer. Died 1994

17

  • Douglas Furber, Charles Cuvillier, Fred Thompson & Worton David’s musical Afgar opens in London (300 performances)

27

  • Adelina Patti (76) dies in Craig-y-Nos Castle, Wales

30

  • Patricia Neway born (Brooklyn, NY) American soprano singer, musical theatre actress. Died 2012

releases

  • Original Dixieland Jazz Band – Fidgety Feet / Lazy Daddy (Victor)
Art Hickman and His Orchestra

Art Hickman and His Orchestra

Oct

2

  • John W. Duarte born (Sheffield) English composer, guitarist, writer. Died 2004

5

  • Jean Louis Nicodé (66) dies in Langebrück, Germany

6

  • Cole Porter’s revue Hitchy-Koo opens on Broadway (56 performances)

7

  • Fritz Kreisler and Viktor Jacobi’s operetta Apple Blossoms premiered in New York

8

  • Hal Singer born (Tulsa, OK) American jazz and R&B saxophonist, bandleader, session player. Worked with Oran Page, Earl Hines, Charlie Watts, Duke Ellington and others.

10

  • Richard Strauss’ opera Die Frau ohne Schatten [The Woman without a Shadow] premiered in Vienna, lib. H. von Hofmannsthal

11

  • Art Blakey born (Pittsburgh, PA) American jazz drummer, bandleader, composer. Worked with Fletcher Henderson, Billy Eckstine and led the Jazz Messengers. Died 1990
  • Jean Sibelius’s Jordens sång [Song of the Earth] for chorus and orchestra premiered in Turku

16

  • Ruggero Leoncavallo’s operetta A chi la giarrettiera? [To whom the garter?] premiered in Rome, lib. Leoncavallo

17

  • The Radio Corporation of America is founded (RCA) by General Electric incorporating the assets of the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company of America, the Pan-American Telegraph Company and some controlled by the US Navy
  • Alban Berg’s Four Pieces for clarinet and piano op.5 premiered in Vienna

18

  • Anita O’Day aka Anita Belle Colton born (Chicago, IL) American jazz singer. Worked with Gene Krupa, Stan Kenton and solo. Died 2006

19

  • Gustav Holst’s Japanese Suite op.33 for orchestra premiered in London

21

  • Frederick Delius’s opera Fennimore and Gerda premiered in Frankfurt, lib. Delius

24

  • The Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra is inaugurated

26

  • Eugen d’Albert’s opera Revolutions-hochzeit [wedding revolutions], lib. Ferdinand Lion, premiered in Leipzig

27

  • Babs Gonzales aka Lee Brown born (Newark, NJ) American jazz singer. Worked with Charlie Barnet, Lionel Hampton and his own groups. Died 1980
  • Edward Elgar’s Cello Concerto op.85 premiered in London
  • Paul Hindemith’s Sonata no.1 for cello and piano op.11 premiered in Frankfurt

unk

  • Eric Coates’s suite Summer Days premiered in London

1965 EMI recording of Jacqueline Du Pré playing Elgar’s Cello Concerto

Nov

4

  • Hugo Alfvén’s Symphony No.4 premiered in Stockholm

8

  • Igor Stravinsky’s Suite from ‘Histoire du soldat’ for septet & Three Pieces for 2 clarinets premiered in Lausanne

12

  • Heitor Villa-Lobos’s String Quartet no.3 premiered in Rio de Janeiro

18

  • Georgia Carroll born (Blooming Grove, TX) American big band singer, actress. Worked with Kay Kyser. Died 2011
  • James Montgomery, Joseph McCarthy & Harry Tierney’s musical Irene opens on Broadway (675 performances)

20

  • Ben Selvin’s Novelty Orchestra record a session for Victor in New York. Tracks cut include Dardanella which sold a reputed five million copies and a further two million of the sheet music

23

  • Cláudio Santoro born (Manaus, Brazil) Brazilian composer, violinist. Died 1989

24

  • Jean Sibelius’ Symphony No. 5 op.82 & Six Humoresques for violin and orchestra op.87 & op.89 premiered in Helsinki
  • Arnold Bax’s Piano Sonata no.2 premiered in London

26

  • Tom Archia aka Texas Tom born (Groveton, TX) American jazz tenor saxophonist. Worked with Milt Larkin, Roy Eldridge and Howard McGhee. Died 1977

28

  • Charles Griffes’s Pleasure Dome of Kubla Khan for orchestra premiered in Boston

unk

  • Sergei Bortkiewicz and his family flee Russia for Constantinople (Istanbul)

releases

  • Esther Walker – Sahara (we’ll soon be dry like you) / Nobody knows (and nobody seems to care) (Victor)

Selvin’s Novelty Orchestra (Ben Selvin centre top on violin)

Dec

4

  • Ignacy Jan Paderewski resigns as Prime Minister of Poland and is appointed Polish ambassador to the League of Nations
  • The French Opera House in New Orleans is destroyed by fire

6

  • Gideon Klein born (Prerov, Czech Rep) Czech composer, pianist. Died 1945
  • Igor Stravinsky’s ballet Pesnya solov′ya (Chant du rossignol) [Song of the Nightingale] premiered in Geneva (concert performance)

8

  • Mieczysław Weinberg born (Warsaw) Polish-Russian composer. Died 1996

9

  • Granville Bantock’s ballet The Great God Pan premiered in Glasgow

10

  • Sesto Bruscantini born (Civitanova Marche, Italy) Italian baritone singer. Died 2003
  • Claude Debussy’s ballet La boîte à joujoux [the box of toys] premiered in Paris

13

  • Pietro Mascagni’s operetta premiered in Rome, lib. C. Lombardo and A. Franci

14

  • Vincent d’Indy’s Symphony no.3 “Sinfonia brevis de Bello Gallico” premiered in Paris

16

  • Luigi Illica (62) dies in Piacenza

18

  • Horatio Parker (56) dies in Cedarhuest, NYof pneumonia

19

  • Cleofonte Campanini (59) dies in Chicago of heart failure

21

  • Louis Diémer (76) dies in Paris

22

  • Lil Green born (Clarksdale, MS) American blues singer, songwriter. Died 1954

23

  • Joe Lutcher born (Lake Charles, LA) American R&B saxophonist. Brother of Nellie Lutcher (1915-2007). Died 2006
  • John Alden Carpenter’s ballet The Birthday of the Infanta premiered in Chicago

24

  • Henry Coker born (Dallas, TX) American jazz trombonist. Worked with Benny Carter, Charles Mingus, Sonny Rollins, Count Basie, Ray Charles and others. Died 1979

25

  • Naushad Ali born (Lucknow, India) Indian Bollywood film music composer. Died 2006

27

  • Achilles Alferaki (73) dies in St Petersburg
  • Gabriel Fauré’s Mirages op.113, 4 songs for voice and piano premiered in Paris
John Alden Carpenter 1876-1951

John Alden Carpenter 1876-1951

Date unknown

  • The Coon-Sanders Original Nighthawk Orchestra formed in Kansas City, MO (disbanded 1932)
  • Yuri Shaporin appointed music director of the Bolshoi Drama Theatre, a post he holds until 1928
  • Jāzeps Vītols founds the Latvian Conservatory of Music (later renamed the Jāzeps Vītols Latvian Academy of Music) and teaches there until 1944

publications

  • John Lomax’s Songs of the Cattle Trail and Cow Camp published in New York

songs published

  • Dardanella (Felix Bernard, Johnny S Black, Fred Fisher); I Wish I Could Shimmy Like My Sister Kate (Armand J. Piron); Royal Garden Blues (Clarence Williams, Spencer Williams); Swanee (Irving Caesar, George Gershwin)

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