1921

<19201922>

Jan

5

  • Mary Stafford makes her first recordings for Columbia, the first black woman to record for the label. Tracks cut include Royal Garden Blues & Crazy Blues

6

  • Arseny Koreshchenko (50) dies in Kharkov
  • Edgar Bainton’s Concerto Fantasia for Piano and Orchestra premiered in Bournemouth

12

  • Gervase Elwes (54) dies in Boston, MA, after being hit by a train at the railway station

13

  • Mighty Terror aka Fitzgerald Henry born (Arouca, Trinidad) Trinidadian calypso singer, songwriter, trumpeter, percussionist. Died 2007

15

  • Art Hickman’s New York London Five record six tunes for HMV in Hayes whilst on an engagement in the UK. George Fishberg, Harry Grancy (tp) Jack Howard (as) George Klein (p) Arthur Pittman (tb)

21

  • Bess Lomax Hawes born (Austin, TX) American songwriter, folk musician, academic, folklorist. Member of the Almanac Singers. Daughter of John Lomax (1867-1948), sister of Alan Lomax (1915-2002). Died 2009

22

  • Arno Babajanian born (Yerevan, Armenia) Armenian composer, pianist. Died 1983
  • André Hodeir born (Paris) French classical and jazz violinist, composer, arranger, musicologist. Died 2011

23

  • Władysław Żeleński (83) dies in Kraków, Poland

25

  • Alfred Reed born (New York) American composer, conductor, teacher. Died 2005

26

  • Eddie Barclay aka Edouard Ruault born (Paris) French record producer, record executive, jazz pianist. Founder of Barclay Records (1954). Died 2005

27

  • Bela Bartók’s Allegro Barbaro for piano premiered in Budapest

30

  • Bernie Leighton born (West Haven, CT) American jazz pianist, bandleader, session player. Worked with Benny Goodman, Billie Holiday, Artie Shaw and others. Died 1994
  • Carl Nielsen’s incidental music for H. Rode’s play Moderen [The Mother] premiered in Copenhagen

31

  • Carol Channing born (Seattle, WA) American stage and screen actress, singer, comedian.
  • Mario Lanza aka Alfredo Arnold Cocozza born (Philadelphia, PA) American tenor singer, actor. Died 1959

unk

  • The Pace Phonograph Corporation is incorporated by Harry H. Pace, the first black-owned record label (marketed as Black Swan). Fletcher Henderson is appointed recording manager and William Grant Still musical director
  • Fletcher Henderson makes his first solo recordings for Black Swan
  • Mamie Smith & Her Jazz Hounds record a session for Okeh. Tracks cut include Jazz Hound Blues & Royal Garden Blues
Béla Bartók 1881-1945

Béla Bartók 1881-1945

Feb

2

  • Luigi Mancinelli (72) dies in Rome

5

  • John Pritchard born (London) English conductor. Died 1989

8

  • Ernst Krenek’s Serenade op.4 for clarinet, violin, viola and cello premiered in Berlin

11

  • Petar Stojanović’s opera Der Herzog von Reichsstadt [The Duke of Reichstadt], lib. Stojanović, premiered in Vienna

12

  • Darius Milhaud’s Sonata for piano, flute, oboe and clarinet op.47 premiered in Wiesbaden

13

  • Jeanne Demessieux born (Montpellier, France) French pianist, organist, composer, teacher. Died 1968
  • Wardell Gray born (Oklahoma City, OK) American jazz tenor saxophonist. Worked with Earl Hines, Tadd Dameron, Benny Goodman and Count Basie. Died 1955

15

  • Hans Haym (60) dies in Eberfeld, Germany

17

  • Arthur Bliss’s Two Studies op.16 for orchestra premiered in London
  • Arthur Honegger’s Pastorale d’été [summer pastorale] for chamber orchestra premiered in Paris

19

  • Camille Saint-Saëns’ Suite for cello and orchestra op.16 premiered in Paris

21

  • Ruth Gipps born (Bexhill, Sussex) English composer, oboe player, pianist, conductor. Died 1999
  • (& 22nd) Mamie Smith & Her Jazz Hounds record two sessions for Okeh. Tracks cut include  Old Time Blues; That Thing Called Love Jazzbo Ball; You Need Some Loving Blues Blues; Baby, You Made Me Fall For You & You Can’t Keep A Good Man Down

26

  • Betty Hutton aka Elizabeth June Thornburg born (Battle Creek, MI) American stage and screen actress, singer, comedian. Died 2007

27

  • András Szöllősy born (Szászváros, Hungary) Hungarian composer, musicologist. Expert on Bartok and Kodaly. Died 2007

releases

  • Original Dixieland Jazz Band – Palesteena / Margie (Victor)
Petar Stojanović 1877-1957

Petar Stojanović 1877-1957

Mar

1

  • Kenny Baker born (Withernsea, Yorks) English jazz trumpeter, bandleader. Died 1999

2

  • Robert Simpson born (Leamington) English composer, broadcaster. Died 1997
  • Marion Harris records a session for Columbia. Tracks cut include Memphis Blues & Beale Street Blues

3

  • Isidore de Lara’s opera Les Trois mousquetaires [the three musketeers], lib. Henri Cain and Albert Liénard after Alexander Dumas père, premiered in Cannes

4

  • Halim El-Dabh born (Cairo) Egyptian-American composer, ethnomusicologist, teacher, electronic music pioneer.

6

  • Julius Rudel born (Vienna) Austro-American conductor.

8

  • Cyd Charisse aka Tula Ellice Finklea born (Amarillo, TX) American dancer, actress. Died 2008

11

  • Ástor Piazzolla born (Mar del Plata, Argentina) Argentinian tango composer, bardoneon player. Died 1992

12

  • Gordon MacRae born (East Orange, NJ) American actor, singer. Died 1986
  • Ralph Shapey born (Philadelphia) American composer, conductor, teacher. Died 2002

14

  • Carl Nielsen’s Suite for piano op.45 premiered in Copenhagen

20

  • Primož Ramovš born (Ljubljana) Slovenian composer, librarian, teacher. Died 1999

21

  • Arthur Grumiaux born (Villers-Perwin, Belgium) Belgian classical violinist. Died 1986
  • Antony Hopkins born (London) English composer, pianist, conductor, broadcaster.
  • Reynaldo Hahn’s opera La Colombe de Bouddha [Buddha’s dove], lib. André Alexandre, premiered in Cannes

22

  • Ethel Waters makes her first recordings for Cardinal Records in New York accompanied by Albury’s Blue and Jazz Seven. Line-up: Ethel Waters (vo) Ralph Escudero (tu) Clarence Harris (as) Wilson Kyer (p) Wesley Johnson (tp) James Reevy (tb) Kaiser Marshall (d). Tracks cut include At the Jump Steady Ball; The New York GlideDown Home Blues & Oh Daddy

24

  • Déodat de Séverac (47) dies in Céret, France
  • The Coon-Sanders Orchestra, led by Carlton Coon and Joe Sanders, make their first recordings for Columbia in Chicago. Tracks cut include Some Little Bird

25

  • Charles Wood’s St Mark Passion for tenor, baritone, chorus and organ premiered in Cambridge

31

  • Lowell Fulson born (Tulsa, OK) American blues singer, guitarist, songwriter. Died 1999

unk

  • The Norfolk Jazz Quartette make their first recordings for Okeh. As the Norfolk Jubilee Quartette they would also cut Gospel sides for Paramount in 1923. Line-up: James “Buddy” Butts, Delrose Hollins, Otto Tutson, Len Williams (vo). Tracks cut include  Jelly Roll Blues; Southern Jack; Monday Morning Blues; Standing On The Corner; Preacher Man Blues & Wide Wide World
  • Lavinia Turner makes her first recordings for Pathe. Tracks cut include How Many Times? & Can’t Get Lovin’ Blues
The Coon-Sanders Orchestra

The Coon-Sanders Orchestra

Apr

1

  • Douglas Allanbrook born (Melrose, MA) American composer, pianist, harpsichordist. Died 2003
  • William Bergsma born (Oakland, CA) American composer. Died 1994
  • Arthur “Guitar Boogie” Smith born (Clinton, SC) American country guitarist, banjo player, songwriter.

3

  • Annie Louise Cary (78) dies in New York

5

  • Alphons Diepenbrock (58) dies in Amsterdam
  • Hilding Rosenberg’s Symphony No.1 premiered in Stockholm

6

  • Andrew Imbrie born (New York, NY) American composer, teacher. Died 2007
  • Edgar Bainton’s Symphony No. 1 Before Sunrise premiered in Newcastle

7

  • Víctor Mirecki Larramat (73) dies in Madrid

8

  • Franco Corelli born (Ancona) Italian tenor singer. Died 2003

11

  • The world’s first ever live radio sport’s broadcast is made on KDKA, Pittsburgh

12

  • Erik Satie’s Quatre Petites Mélodies [4 small melodies] for voice and piano premiered in Paris

15

  • Federico Mompou’s Scènes d’enfants [Scenes from Childhood] for piano premiered in Paris

18

  • Leos Janáček’s song cycle The Diary of One Who Disappeared premiered in Brno
  • Ottorino Respighi’s song cycle Quattro liriche su poesie popolari armene [Four poems of Armenian folk songs] premiered in Prague

20

  • Tony Jackson (44) dies in Chicago of syphilis

21

  • Dorothy Shay born (Jacksonville, FL) American actress, comedian, popular singer. Died 1978

22

  • Candido Camero born (Havana) Cuban jazz and Latin percussionist. Worked with Dizzy Gillespie and Stan Kenton.

23

  • Arthur Honegger’s Cello Sonata premiered in Paris

26

  • Jimmy Giuffre born (Dallas, TX) American jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, composer, arranger, bandleader. Died 2008
  • Preston Love born (Omaha, NE) American jazz and R&B alto saxophonist, bandleader, songwriter. Worked with Count Basie, Ray Charles and at Tamla Motown. Died 2004

28

  • Havergal Brian’s Fantastic Variations on an Old Rhyme for organ premiered in Brighton

29

  • Sergei Prokofiev’s Scythian Suite op.20 for orchestra premiered in Paris

unk

  • Katie Crippen makes her first recordings for Paramount. Tracks cut include Blind Man’s Blues & Play ‘Em For Mama
  • The Synco Jazz Band record a session for Pathe in New York. Ephraim Hannaford (tb) Jules Levy Jr. (cor) Larry Briers (p) Joseph Samuels (cl, bass sax). Tracks cut include Lucky Dog Blues & Satanic Blues 

releases

  • Original Dixieland Jazz Band – Home Again Blues / Crazy Blues (Victor)
Federico Mompou 1893-1987

Federico Mompou 1893-1987

May

1

  • Kosaku Yamada’s Symphony Inno Meiji premiered in Tokyo

2

  • Pietro Mascagni’s opera Il piccolo Marat [the little Marat] premiered in Milan, lib. G. Forzano

3

  • Darius Milhaud’s Symphony no.4 for chamber ensemble op.74 premiered in Paris

5

  • Gabriel Fauré’s Chant funéraire [funeral dirge] for clarinet and orchestra premiered in Paris

7

  • Ignacy Jan Paderewski resigns as Polish delegate to the League of Nations in Geneva

12

  • Edvard Mirzoyan born (Gori, Georgia) Armenian composer, teacher. Died 2012

14

  • André Messager’s opera La petite fonctionnaire [The little servant] premiered in Paris, lib. A. Capus and X. Roux

17

  • Dennis Brain born (London) English horn player. Died 1957
  • Bob Merrill born (Atlantic City, NY) American theatre and popular songwriter, Screenwriter. Died 1998
  • Sergei Prokofiev’s ballet Skazka pro shuta [The Tale of the Buffoon] premiered in Paris

18

  • Eugen d’Albert’s opera Scirocco premiered in Darmstadt. Lib. Leo Hirschfeld and Karl Michael von Levetzow

21

  • Gabriel Fauré’s Piano Quintet no.2 op.115 premiered in Paris

23

  • Humphrey Lyttelton born (Eton, Berks) English jazz trumpeter, bandleader, writer, broadcaster. Died 2008
  • Flournoy Miller, Aubrey Lyles, Noble Sissle & Eubie Blake’s musical Shuffle Along opens on Broadway, the first African-American hit musical (504 performances)

24

  • Erik Satie’s musical comedy Le piège de Méduse [Medusa’s trap] premiered in Paris, lib. Satie
  • Francis Poulenc’s opera Le Gendarme incompris [the misunderstood Gendarme], lib. Jean Cocteau and Raymond Radiguet, premiered in Paris

25

  • Hal David born (Brooklyn, NY) American popular lyricist. Brother of Mack David (1912-93). Died 2012

unk

  • Alberta Hunter makes her first recordings for Black Swan accompanied by Fletcher Henderson’s Novelty Orchestra. Tracks cut include He’s A Darned Good Man & Bring Back The Joy
  • James P Johnson records piano rolls for QRS including Loveless Love 
  • Hans Krása’s Four Orchestral Songs op.1 premiered in Prague

releases

  • Mamie Smith & Her Jazz Hounds – Jazz Hound Blues / Royal Garden Blues (Okeh)
  • Paul Whiteman & His Orchestra – My Mammy / Humming (Victor)
Alberta Hunter 1895-1984

Alberta Hunter 1895-1984

Jun

1

  • Nelson Riddle born (Oradell, NJ) American popular bandleader, arranger, conductor. Died 1985

2

  • Ernie Royal born (Los Angles, CA) American jazz trumpeter. Worked with Miles Davis, Ray Charles, Lou Donaldson and others. Died 1983

4

  • Paul Hindemith’s puppet opera Das Nusch-Nuschi, lib. F. Blei & opera Mörder, Hoffnung der Frauen [Murderer, Hope of Women], lib. O. Kokoschka, premiered in Stuttgart

6

  • Darius Milhaud’s ballet L’homme et son desir [Man and his desire] premiered in Paris

7

  • Tal Farlow born (Greensboro, NC) American jazz guitarist. Worked with Red Norvo. Died 1998

9

  • Dick Rowe born (London) English record producer. A&R man at Decca Records. Famously rejected the Beatles but signed the Rolling Stones, Them, Tom Jones, Moody Blues, The Animals, Small Faces and others. Died 1986

10

  • Porter Kilbert born (Baton Rouge, LA) American R&B saxophonist. Died 1960
  • Anton Webern’s Passacaglia for Orchestra op.1 premiered in Bochum
  • Igor Stravinsky’s Symphonies of Wind Instruments premiered in London

11

  • Arthur Honegger’s opera Le roi David [King David], lib. René Morax, premiered in Paris

14

  • Erik Satie’s ballet La belle excentrique [The beautiful eccentric] premiered in Paris
  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ The Lark Ascending for violin and orchestra premiered in London

15

  • Erroll Garner born (Pittsburgh, PA) American jazz pianist, composer. Died 1977

16

  • Ernst Krenek’s String Quartet no.1 premiered in Nuremberg
  • Otakar Ostrcil’s opera Legenda z Erinu [The Legend of Erin], lib. Julius Zeyer,premiered in Brno

18

  • Les Six’s (Georges Auric, Louis Durey, Arthur Honegger, Darius Milhaud, Francis Poulenc & Germaine Tailleferre) ballet La noce massacrée [the wedding massacre] premiered in Paris

21

  • Ernst Krenek’s Sonata for violin and piano op.3 premiered in Berlin

22

  • Joseph Hanson ‘J. H.’ Kwabena Nketia born (Mampong, Ghana) Ghanaian composer, ethnomusicologist, teacher, writer.

25

  • Celia Franca (Franks) born (London) Anglo-Canadian ballerina, founder of the National Ballet of Canada (1951). Died 2007

26

  • The Franco-American Conservatory aka the Ecole de Fontainebleu opens in Paris

28

  • Frederick Delius’s To be sung of a Summer Night on the Water for choir premiered in London

29

  • Arnold Schoenberg completes his Piano Suite op.25, the prelude of which is probably the first twelve-tone composition

releases

  • Mamie Smith & Her Jazz Hounds – Baby, You Made Me Fall For You / You Can’t Keep A Good Man Down (Okeh)

First page of Vaughan Williams’ The Lark Ascending

Jul

4

  • Tibor Varga born (Györ, Hungary) Hungarian violinist, teacher. Died 2003
  • Gabrielle Ferrari (69) dies in Paris

5

  • Alberto Franchetti’s opera Giove a Pompei [Jupiter in Pompeii] premiered in Rome, lib. L. Illica and E. Romagnoli

7

  • Stanisław Wisłocki born (Rzeszów, Poland) Polish conductor. Died 1998

9

  • Marianne Brandt (78) dies in Kirchberg, Germany

13

  • Ernest Gold aka Ernst Goldner born (Vienna) Austro-American film composer. Died 1999

15

  • Jack Beeson born (Muncia, IN) American composer. Died 2010
  • Eubie Blake and the Shuffle Along Orchestra record a session for Victor in New York. Eubie Blake (p) Billy Hicks, Russell Smith, Leroy Vanderveer (tp) Bill Johnson (cl) Calvin Jones (tb) Vess Williams (as) Sam Yearwood (fl) John Ricks (tu) Noble Sissle (vln) George Reeves (d). Tracks cut include Baltimore Buzz & Bandana Days

17

  • George Barnes born (Chicago) American jazz guitarist. Worked with Big Bill Broonzy and Joe Venuti. Reputedly the first to use the electric guitar in jazz, certainly the first to record with one (1 Mar 1938). Died 1977

24

  • Giuseppe Di Stefano born (Catania, Italy) Italian tenor singer. Died 2008
  • Trần Văn Khê born (Binh Hoà Dông, Vietnam) Vietnamese ethnomusicologist, teacher, writer, musician.
  • Billy Taylor born (Greenville, NC) American jazz pianist, composer, broadcaster, teacher. Worked with Ben Webster, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie and others. Died 2010

29

  • Sam Moore records a session for Okeh. He introduces the octo-chorda, an 8 string steel guitar. Tracks cut include Chain Gang Blues & Laughing Rag 

31

  • The First Festival for the Promotion of Contemporary Music opens in Donaueschingen, Germany

unk

  • The (Fletcher) Henderson Dance Orchestra make their first recordings for Black Swan. Personnel includes Coleman Hawkins and Don Redman
  • The Norfolk Jazz Quartette record a session for Okeh. Tracks cut include – Big Fat Mama; Cornfield BluesBlues Drove Me to Ruin & Going Home Blues

releases

  • Van and Schenck – A’t We Got Fun / Edward Furman & William Nash – Oh Dear (Columbia)
  • Paul Whiteman & His Orchestra – Cherie / My Man (Victor)
Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra

Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra

Aug

2

  • Enrico Caruso (48) dies in Naples of peritonitis

3

  • Richard Adler born (New York, NY) American popular songwriter, theatre producer. Died 2012

4

  • Herb Ellis born (Farmersville, TX) American jazz guitarist. Worked with Jimmy Dorsey and Oscar Peterson. Died 2010

6

  • William Marcel “Buddy” Collette born (Los Angeles, CA) American jazz tenor saxophonist, flautist, clarinetist, bandleader. Died 2010
  • Camille Saint-Saëns retires from public performance, aged 85 after a final concert in Dieppe

7

  • Karel Husa born (Prague) Czech-American composer, conductor.

8

  • Roger Nixon born (Tulare, CA) American composer, clarinetist, teacher. Died 2009

11

  • Jah Jerry Haynes born (Kingston, Jamaica) Jamaican ska and reggae guitarist. Member of the Skatalites. Died 2007

13

  • Louis Frémaux born (Aire-sur-la-Lys, France) French conductor.
  • Jimmy McCracklin born (St Louis, MO) American blues and R&B singer, songwriter, pianist. Died 2012

18

  • Mamie Smith & Her Jazz Band record a session for Okeh. Tracks cut include Sweet Man o’ Mine & Sax-o-phoney Blues

23

  • Mamie Smith & Her Jazz Band record a session for Okeh. Tracks cut include I’m Free, Single and Disengaged & Mama Whip! Mama Spank! 

unk

  • James P Johnson makes his first recordings for Black Swan. Tracks cut include Harlem Strut

releases

  • Ethel Waters – Down Home Blues / Oh Daddy (Black Swan)
  • Paul Whiteman & His Orchestra – Song Of India / Cho Cho San (Victor)
Ethel Waters 1896-1977

Ethel Waters 1896-1977

Sep

3

  • Cab Kaye aka Nii-lante Augustus Kwamlah Quaye born (London) Anglo-Ghanaian jazz singer, guitarist, pianist, drummer, composer, bandleader. Died 2000

4

  • Ariel Ramírez born (Santa Fe, Argentina) Argentinian composer, pianist, folk song collector. Died 2010

5

  • Mamie Smith & Her Jazz Band record a session for Okeh. Tracks cut include Wang Wang BluesArkansas Blues

6

  • Vincenzo Valente (66) dies in Naples

8

  • Hans Ulrich Engelmann born (Darmstadt) German composer, teacher, theorist. Died 2011
  • Harry Secombe born (Swansea) Welsh baritone singer, comedian, actor, broadcaster. Died 2001
  • İlhan Usmanbaş born (Istanbul) Turkish composer, teacher.
  • Anton Bruckner’s Overture in g premiered in Klosterneuburg, Austria

9

  • Andrzej Dobrowolski born (Lviv, Ukraine) Polish composer, teacher. Died 1990
  • Franz Léhar’s operetta Die Tangokönigin [The Tango Queen] premiered in Vienna, lib. J. Brammer and A. Grünwald (revision of Der Göttergatte)

13

  • Edith Wilson makes her first recordings for Columbia, accompanied by Johnny Dunn’s Jazz Hounds. Tracks cut include Nervous Blues & Vamping Liza Jane 

15

  • James ‘Snooky’ Pryor born (Lambert, MS) American blues harmonica player. Died 2006
  • Gene Roland born (Dallas, TX) American jazz multi-instrumentalist, arranger. Worked with Woody Herman, Claude Thornhill, Artie Shaw, Stan Kenton and others. Died 1982

16

  • Jon Hendricks born (Newark, OH) American jazz singer, lyricist. Member of Lambert, Hendricks and Ross.

19

  • Billy Ward born (Savannah, GA) American R&B bandleader, pianist, arranger. Led Billy Ward and his Dominoes. Died 2002
  • The Eastman School of Music opens in Rochester, NY

21

  • Chico Hamilton born (Los Angeles, CA) American jazz drummer, bandleader. Worked with Lena Horne, Gerry Mulligan and led the Chico Hamilton Quintet.
  • Jimmy Young born (Cinderford, Gloucs) English disc jockey, broadcaster, popular singer.

22

  • The Music Box Revue, with music by Irving Berlin, opens on Broadway (440 performances)

27

  • Engelbert Humperdinck (67) dies in Neustrelitz, Germany following a heart attack

29

  • Franny Beecher born (Norristown, PA) American country and rock guitarist. Member of Bill Haley and His Comets.
  • Therese Vogl (75) dies in Munich

unk

  • Ladd’s Black Aces aka Original Memphis Five record a session for Gennett. Tracks cut include Aunt Hagar’s Children Blues & Shake it and Break it
  • Trixie Smith makes her first recordings for Black Swan. Tracks cut include Desperate Blues & Trixie Blues
  • Ethel Waters records a session for Black Swan. Tracks cut include Royal Garden Blues; Who Believed In You?Frisco Jazz Band Blues & Bugle Blues

releases

  • Ted Lewis & His Band – All By Myself / Happy Six – One Kiss (Columbia)
  • Mamie Smith & Her Jazz Band – Dangerous Blues / What Have I Done? (Okeh)

Edith Wilson 1896-1981 and her Original Jazz Hounds

Oct

2

  • David Bispham (64) dies in New York

4

  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ song cycle Merciless Beauty premiered in London

5

  • Léon Theremin demonstrates the Theremin (then known as the etherphone) for the first time in Moscow

6

  • Harry Atteridge & Sigmund Romberg’s musical Bombo opens on Broadway, starring Al Jolson (219 performances)

9

  • Leos Janáček’s rhapsody Taras Bulba for orchestra premiered in Brno

10

  • Julius Watkins born (Detroit, MI) American jazz french horn player, session player. Worked with Thelonious Monk, John Coltrane, Miles Davis, Charles Mingus, Quincy Jones and others. Died 1977

11

  • Malcolm Sargent makes his conducting debut at the Proms in London
  • Heitor Villa-Lobos’s Quatour Symbolique [symbolic quartet] for flute, alto-saxophone, harp and celeste premiered in Rio de Janeiro
  • Clarence Williams makes his first recordings for Okeh. Tracks cut include Pullman Porter Blues & If You Don’t Believe I Love You

13

  • Yves Montand born (Monsummano Terme, Italy) Franco-Italian actor, popular singer. Died 1991
  • Igor Stravinsky’s Study for Pianola premiered in London

18

  • James P Johnson records a session for Okeh. Tracks cut include Keep Off The Grass & Carolina Shout

20

  • William ‘Monk’ Montgomery born (Indianapolis, IN) American jazz bassist. Worked with Lionel Hampton. Member of the Montgomery Brothers. Brother of Wes (1923-68) and Buddy (1930-2009) Montgomery. Died 1982
  • Arnold Bax’s tone poem Tintagel premiered in London
  • Arthur Collins is seriously injured in Medina, OH when he falls through a trap door during an Edison Tone Test demonstration

21

  • Malcolm Arnold born (Northampton) English composer, classical trumpeter. Died 2006

22

  • Georges Brassens born (Sète, France) French popular singer, songwriter, poet. Died 1981

25

  • Provine ‘Little’ Hatch born (Sledge, MS) American blues singer, harmonica player. Died 2003

29

  • Albert Roussel’s symphonic poem Pour une fête de printemps op.22 [For a spring festival] premiered in Paris

31

  • Arthur Honegger’s ballet Horace victorieux premiered in Lausanne (concert performance)

releases

  • Eubie Blake – Baltimore Buzz / Bandana Days (Victor)
Léon Theremin 1896-1993

Léon Theremin 1896-1993

Nov

5

  • Georges Cziffra born (Budapest) Franco-Hungarian classical pianist. Died 1994

13

  • Eddie Calhoun born (Clarksdale, MS) American jazz bassist . Worked with Ahmad Jamal, Horace Henderson, Johnny Griffin, Erroll Garner and others. Died 1993
  • Yoshirō Irino born (Vladivostok, Russia) Japanese composer, teacher. Died 1980
  • Joonas Kokkonen born (Iisalmi, Finland) Finnish composer. Died 1996

17

  • Arnold Bax’s Phantasy for viola and orchestra premiered in London
  • The California Ramblers make their first recordings for Vocalion in New York. Alumni include the Dorsey brothers, Miff Mole, Phil Napoleon, Red Nichols and Adrian Rollini. Tracks cut include Georgia Rose & Sheik of Araby
  • Henry Kimball Hadley’s symphonic poem The Ocean op.99 premiered in New York

19

  • Géza Anda born (Budapest) Hungarian classical pianist, conductor. Died 1976

20

  • Norbert Moret born (Ménières, Switzerland) Swiss composer, conductor, pianist, teacher. Died 1998
  • Christina Nilsson (78) dies in Vaxjo, Sweden

21

  • Vivian Blaine born (Newark, NJ) American actress, singer. Died 1995

23

  • Leoš Janáček’s opera Káťa Kabanová premiered in Brno, lib. Janáček

24

  • Karol Szymanowski’s Symphony No.2 premiered in London

29

  • Ivan Caryll (60) dies in New York of a brain haemorrhage

30

  • Osvald Chlubna’s opera Pomsta Catullova [revenge of Catullus], lib. Jaroslav Vrchlickÿ, premiered in Brno

unk

  • Trixie Smith records a session for Black Swan with James P Johnson’s Harmony Eight. Tracks cut include You Missed A Good Woman & Long Lost Weary Blues

releases

  • Marion Harris – Memphis Blues / Beale Street Blues (Columbia) 
  • Isham Jones & His Orchestra – Wabash Blues / Why Dear? (Brunswick)
  • Paul Whiteman & His Orchestra – Say It With Music / Sweet Lady (Victor)

The California Ramblers

Dec

1

  • John Bunch born (Tipton, IN) American jazz pianist. Worked with Woody Herman, Eddie Condon, Maynard Ferguson, Tony Bennett and others. Died 2010

2

  • Arthur Honegger’s ballet Danse de la chèvre for La mauvaise pensée [Dance of the goat for bad thoughts] premiered in Paris

3

  • Phyllis Curtin née Smith born (Clarksburg, WV) American soprano singer.

4

  • Deanna Durbin born (Winnipeg, Manitoba) Canadian actress, singer.

5

  • Božidar Kantušer born (Pavlovski Vrh, Slovenia) Slovenian composer, librarian. Died 1999

7

  • Georges Hüe’s opera Dans l’ombre de la cathédrale [In the shadow of the cathedral], lib. Maurice Léna and Henri Ferrare, premiered in Paris

10

  • Victor Jacobi (38) dies in New York
  • Franco Alfano’s opera La leggenda di Sakuntala premiered in Bologna. Lib. Alfano
  • Ferruccio Busoni’s Romanza e Scherzoso op.54 for piano and orchestra premiered in Basel
  • Darius Milhaud’s Symphony no.3 for chamber ensemble op.71 premiered in Paris

15

  • Alan Freed born (Windber, PA) American disc jockey, promoter. Died 1965
  • Antonín Dvořák’s String Quintet op.1 premiered in Prague
  • Igor Stravinsky’s Les cinq doigts [the five fingers] for piano premiered in Paris

16

  • Camille Saint-Saëns (86) dies in Algiers of pneumonia
  • Sergei Prokofiev’s Piano Concerto no.3 premiered in Chicago

19

  • Ludvík Podéšť born (Dubňany, Czech Rep) Czech composer, conductor, critic, editor. Died 1968

21

  • Johnny Dunn’s Jazz Hounds record a session for Columbia. Tracks cut include Birmingham Blues; Bugle BluesI Don’t Want Nobody Else & West Texas Blues (with Edith Wilson)
  • A benefit concert for Moritz Moszlowski is held in New York’ Carnegie Hall with 14 top pianists appearing including Percy Grainger, Harold Bauer and Leo Ornstein

23

  • Emmerich Kálmán’s operetta Die Bajadere [The Bayadere], lib. Julius Brammer and Alfred Grünwald, premiered in Vienna

25

  • Hans Huber (69) dies in Locarno, Switzerland

26

  • Steve Allen born (New York, NY) American radio and television presenter, comedian, songwriter, writer. Died 2000
  • Havergal Brian’s symphonic poem In Memoriam premiered in Edinburgh

27

  • Julian Clifford (44) dies in Hastings, Sussex

28

  • Johnny Otis aka John Veliotes born (Vallejo, CA) American R&B bandleader, composer, impresario, multi-instrumentalist. Father of Shuggie Otis (b.1953). Died 2012

30

  • Sergei Prokofiev’s opera Lyubov′ k tryom apel′sinam [The Love for Three Oranges] premiered in Chicago, lib. Prokofiev

releases

  • Noble Sissle & Eubie Blake – Arkansas Blues / I’ve Got The Blues (Emerson)
  • Ethel Waters – There’ll Be Some Changes Made / One Man Nan (Black Swan)
  • Paul Whiteman & His Orchestra – Second Hand Rose / Have You Forgotten? (Victor)
Arthur Honegger 1892-1955

Arthur Honegger 1892-1955

Date unknown

songs published

  • All by Myself (Irving Berlin); Any Time (Herbert Happy Lawson); I’m Just Wild About Harry (Noble Sissle, Eubie Blake); The Sheik of Araby (Harry B. Smith, Francis Wheeler, Ted Snyder); Wabash Blues (Dave Ringle, Fred Meinken)

2 responses to “1921

  1. Hello, there!
    I can’t find any thing, online about, Herbert “Happy” Lawson. His life or Death. Can you direct me?
    I was leaving in Chattanooga, Tn. in 1965, when I met a “Happy Lawson”. An employee at a Bonding Co. He claimed, to be the writer of Anytime. He was an alcoholic, always sharply dressed with a pocket watch and chain. Vere pleasant, to talk to. But, I don’t know if his claim to fame, is true or allegation.
    Thank you!

  2. Haha…that would fit the pattern…read this article: http://reyalpeleluku.wordpress.com/2011/03/05/anytime-and-not-so-happy-herbert-lawson/

    I am trying to find out how he was associated with my grandfather…who ran a restaurant/ nightclub in Northeast Fla in the 50’s to 1972…I know that Happy and my grandfather met up…I have to believe that Happy had something to do with Anytime…he’s listed on the copyright…my family claims that my g-father had something to do with it as well. The song may have been recorded in 1921…it says it was written then and Emmit Miller is the first artist…I have heard a 1928 and 1936 version with Emmitt and it contains a valid Anytime as we know it melody line and lyrics close to the “commercial” version of the 50’s. As a professional songwriter I recognize these versions as valid copyrights…but how old was Happy in the 1920’s??? Somethings fishy about something…whether my family had false info or not waits to be seen…I am looking for the 1921 recording.

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