1925

<1924 1926>

Jan

1

  • Veniamin Basner born (Yaroslavl, Russia) Russian composer, violinist. Died 1996

3

  • Wilhelm Furtwängler makes his American conducting debut at Carnegie Hall in New York

4

  • Marie Jaëll (78) dies in Paris

5

  • Ernst Krenek’s Violin Concerto no.1 premiered in Dessau

6

  • Ferdinand Löwe (59) dies in Vienna

7

  • Dave Schildkraut born (New York, NY) American jazz alto saxophonist. Worked with Louis Prima, Stan Kenton, Oscar Pettiford and others. Died 1998

8

  • Margaret Johnson records a session for Okeh. Tracks cut include Done Made A Fool Out Of Me & Who’ll Chop Your Suey

9

  • Nadia Boulanger conducts her first concert in the United States, in New York, on a two month tour that also incorporates lectures

11

  • Aaron Copland’s Symphony for Organ and Orchestra premiered in New York with Nadia Boulanger playing the organ

13

  • Gwen Verdon born (Culver City, CA) American musical theatre actress, singer, dancer. Died 2000

14

  • Bessie Smith records a session for Columbia in New York with Louis Armstrong (cor) & Fred Longshaw (p, harmonium). Tracks cut include St Louis Blues; Cold In Hand Blues; Reckless Blues; You’ve Been A Good Old Wagon & Sobbin’ Hearted Blues

16

  • Hilding Rosenberg’s Sinfonia da chiesa no.1 for orchestra premiered in Stockholm

22

  • The Halfway House Orchestra make their first recordings for Okeh in New Orleans. White New Orleans band led by Albert Brunies and featuring Leon Roppolo. Tracks cut include Pussy Cat Rag & Barataria
  • Kurt Weill’s song cycle Stundenbuch op.13 [Book of Hours] premiered in Berlin

23

  • The New Orleans Rhythm Kings record a session for Okeh in New Orleans. Tracks cut include She’s Crying for Me Blues; Golden Leaf StrutBaby & I Never Knew What A Girl Could Do 
  • The Original Tuxedo Orchestra records its first session for Okeh in New Orleans. New Orleans band led by Papa Celestin and formed in 1917. Tracks cut include Careless Love & Black Rag

24

  • Arthur Honegger’s Chanson de Ronsard for voice, flute and strings premiered in Paris

26

  • Bix Beiderbecke & His Rhythm Jugglers record a session for Gennett in Richmond, IN. Bix Beiderbecke (cor) Tommy Dorsey (tb) Tommy Gargano (d) Paul Mertz (p) Don Murray (cl). Tracks cut include Davenport Blues & Toddlin’ Blues

30

  • Gene Austin makes his first recordings for Victor in New York duetting with Aileen Stanley

31

  • Osvald Chlubna’s opera Aladina and Palomid premiered in Brno. Lib. Maurice Maeterlinck
  • Bohuslav Martinů’s ballet Kdo je na světě nejmocnější? [Who is the Most Powerful in the World?] premiered in Brno

unk

  • Ida Cox records a session for Paramount in Chicago with Elmer Chambers (cor), Charlie Green (tb), Don Redman (ss), Fletcher Henderson (p). Tracks cut include Misery Blues; Graveyard Bound Blues; Georgia Hound Blues & Those Married Man Blues

releases

  • Ma Rainey’s Georgia Jazz Band – See See Rider Blues / Jealous Hearted Blues (Paramount)

Original Tuxedo Orchestra. L-R: Bill Matthews, Guy Kelly, Papa Celestin, Jeanette Salvant, Narvin Kimball, Joe Lawrence, Chinee Foster, Joe Mouzon, Simon Marrero, Clarence Hall

Feb

7

  • Marius Constant born (Bucharest) Franco-Romanian composer, conductor. Died 2004

8

  • Nikolai Myaskovsky’s Symphony No. 7 premiered in Moscow

9

  • Billy Williamson born (Conshohocken, PA) American country and rock steel guitarist, songwriter, singer. Member of Bill Haley and His Comets. Died 1996
  • Manuel de Falla’s Psyché for voice, flute, violin, viola, cello and harp premiered in Barcelona
  • Arthur Honegger’s Trois contrepoints for flute, oboe, violin and cello premiered in Paris

11

  • Josip Kašman (77) dies in Rome

16

  • Carlos Paredes born (Coimbra, Portugal) Portuguese classical guitarist, composer. Died 2004
  • Joseph Jongen’s Sonata for flute and piano op.77 premiered in Paris

17

  • Ron Goodwin born (Plymouth) English film composer, conductor. Died 2003

19

  • Jindřich Feld born (Prague) Czech composer, teacher. Died 2007
  • Gene Austin makes his first solo recordings for Victor in New York. Tracks cut include The only only one for me & I never knew how much I loved you
  • Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari’s opera Gli amanti sposi [The lovers marry] premiered in Venice, lib. L. Sugana, G. Pizzolato, E. Golisciani and G. Forzano

20

  • Marco Enrico Bossi (63) dies on a ship in the Atlantic Ocean on his return from an American tour

21

  • Fernando De Lucia (64) dies in Naples

25

  • Art Gillham makes the first electrical recordings to be released for Columbia in New York. The first to be issued is You May Be Lonesome b/w I Had Someone Else Before I Had You

26

  • Victor Records makes its first electrical recordings with an ensemble called The Eight Popular Victor Artists that includes Henry Burr and Billy Murray

unk

  • Charlie Jackson records a session for Paramount in Chicago. Tracks cut include Coffee Pot Blues & Shave ‘Em Dry
  • King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band, renamed the Dixie Syncopators, begin a two year residency at the Plantation Cafe, Chicago. Luis Russell joins the band as pianist and arranger
  • Trixie Smith records a session for Paramount. Tracks cut include You’ve Got To Beat Me To Keep Me & Mining Camp Blues

releases

  • Isham Jones with Ray Miller’s Orchestra – I’ll See You in My Dreams / Why Couldn’t It Be Poor Little Me (Brunswick)

Joseph Jongen 1873-1953

Mar

1

  • Edgard Varèse’s Intégrales for wind and percussion premiered in New York

4

  • Paul Mauriat born (Marseille) French bandleader, composer. Died 2006
  • Moritz Moszkowski (70) dies in Paris of stomach cancer

6

  • Wes Montgomery born (Minneapolis, MN) American jazz guitarist, bandleader, composer. Worked with Lionel Hampton and the Montgomery Brothers. Brother of Monk (1921-82) and Buddy (1930-2009) Montgomery. Died 1968
  • Hilding Rosenberg’s String Quartet no.2 premiered in Stockholm

7

  • Riccardo Zandonai’s opera I cavalieri di Ekebù [The Knights of Ekebù], lib. Arturo Rossato, premiered in Milan

9

  • Jean Sibelius’s Morceau romantique sur un motif de M. Jacob de Julin [Romantic piece on a motif by Mr Jacob de Julin] for orchestra premiered in Helsinki

10

  • Francis Poulenc’s song cycle Poèmes de Ronsard premiered in Paris

11

  • Andreas Hallén (78) dies in Stockholm
  • Irving Caesar, Otto Harbach, Vincent Youmans & Frank Mandel’s musical No, No, Nanette opens in London (665 performances)

12

  • Georges Delerue born (Roubaix, France) French film composer. Died 1992

13

  • Roy Haynes born (Boston, MA) American jazz drummer, bandleader. Worked with Lester Young, Charlie Parker, Bud Powell, Sarah Vaughan, his own bands and others.
  • Franz Liszt’s Arbeiterchor for chorus premiered in Vienna

19

  • Constant Lambert’s Suite in 3 Movements for piano premiered in London
  • Darius Milhaud’s Six chants populaires hébraïques op.86 [six popular Hebrew songs] premiered in Paris

20

  • Charles Wakefield Cadman’s opera The Garden of Mystery premiered in New York. Lib. R. La Flesche and Nelle Richmond Eberhardt
  • Dimitri Shostakovich’s Three Fantastic Dances op.5 for piano; Suite in f# minor op.6 for 2 pianos and piano 4-hands & Three Pieces for cello and piano op.9 premiered in Moscow

21

  • Maurice Ravel’s opera L’Enfant et les sortilèges [The Child and the Spells] premiered in Monte Carlo, lib. Colette

22

  • Gerard Hoffnung born (Berlin) Anglo-German cartoonist, tuba player, broadcaster. Died 1959
  • Marie Brema (69) dies in Manchester
  • The Boswell Sisters make their first recordings for Victor in New Orleans, but none are issued

24

  • Arthur Honegger’s Prelude et blues for 4 harps premiered in Paris

26

  • Pierre Boulez born (Montbrison, France) French composer, conductor, theorist, music director, writer, pianist.
  • James Moody born (Savannah, GA) American jazz saxophonist, flautist, bandleader. Worked with Dizzy Gillespie. Died 2010
  • Claudio Spies born (Santiago, Chile) Chilean-American composer, teacher.

27

  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Two Poems by Seamas O’Sullivan for voice and piano; Three Songs from Shakespeare for voice and piano & Four Poems by Fredegond Shove for voice and piano premiered in London

unk

  • Trixie Smith records a session for Paramount. Tracks cut include Railroad Blues & The World Is Jazz Crazy And So Am I

releases

  • Bennie Moten’s Kansas City Orchestra – South / Vine Street Blues (Okeh) 
  • Clarence Williams’ Blue Five – Everybody Loves My Baby / Of All The Wrong You’ve Done To Me (Okeh)
Poster for musical "No, No Nanette"

Poster for musical “No, No Nanette”

Apr

1

  • Maggie Jones records a session for Columbia in New York. Tracks cut include Dangerous Blues & Suicide Blues

2

  • Clara Smith records a session for Columbia in New York. Tracks cut include Shipwrecked Blues & My John Blues 

3

  • Jean de Reszke (75) dies in Nice of influenza
  • Gustav Holst’s opera At the Boar’s Head premiered in Manchester, lib. Holst

6

  • Hociel Thomas makes her first recordings for Gennett in Richmond, IN

13

  • Hilda Dianda born (Córdoba, Argentina) Argentinian composer, teacher, musicologist, conductor, writer.

14

  • Gene Ammons born (Chicago, IL) American jazz and R&B tenor saxophonist, bandleader. Son of Albert Ammons (1907-49). Died 1974

16

  • Edward Elgar’s Fugue in c for organ premiered in Worcester
  • Carl Orff’s Klage der Ariadne [Lament of Ariadne] premiered in Mannheim

17

  • August Enna’s opera Don Juan Mañara premiered in Copenhagen. Lib. A. W. Holm and Enna
  • Carl Orff’s Orpheus premiered in Mannheim

18

  • Leo Parker born (Washington, DC) American jazz baritone saxophonist. Worked with Coleman Hawkins, Billy Eckstine, Dizzy Gillespie, Ilinois Jacquet, Charles Thompson and others. Died 1962

21

  • Sonny Berman born (New Haven, CT) American jazz trumpeter. Worked with Woody Herman. Died 1947

22

  • André Caplet (46) dies in Paris of pleurisy brought on by being gassed during World War I

24

  • Aaron Avshalomov’s opera Kuan Yin premiered in Beijing. Lib. Avshalomov
  • Aaron Copland’s An Immorality for chorus & The House on the Hill for chorus premiered in New York

25

  • George Stephanescu (81) dies in Bucharest
  • Albert Roussel’s Ségovia op.29 for guitar premiered in Madrid

26

  • Jørgen Ingmann born (Copenhagen) Danish pop guitarist.

27

  • Alex Campbell born (Glasgow) Scottish folk singer, songwriter, guitarist, harmonica player. Died 1987

30

  • Johnny Horton born (Los Angeles, CA) American country singer, guitarist, songwriter. Died 1960
  • Paul Hindemith’s Kammermusik no.3 op.36 (cello concerto) premiered in Bochum
  • Charles Villiers Stanford’s opera The Travelling Companion premiered in Liverpool, lib. H. Newbolt

André Caplet 1878-1925

May

1

  • Aaron Copland’s Cortège macabre for orchestra premiered in Rochester, NY

2

  • Butterbeans & Susie record a session for Okeh. Tracks cut include Sue, I Don’t Want You No More & Don’t Start Nothin’ Here Tonight
  • Vincent d’Indy’s Piano Quintet op.81 premiered in Paris

5

  • Otto Lohse (65) dies in Baden-Baden, Germany

8

  • Roger Sessions’s incidental music for K. Vollmüller’s play Turandot premiered in Cleveland, OH

12

  • Arthur Napoleão dos Santos (82) dies in Rio de Janeiro

14

  • Tristram Cary born (Oxford) Anglo-Australian composer, electronic music pioneer. Co-founder of synthesiser manufacturers Electronic Music Studios (EMS). Died 2008
  • Boris Parsadanian born (Kislozavod, Armenia) Armenian-Estonian composer. Died 1997
  • Bennie Moten’s Kansas City Orchestra record a session for Okeh in Kansas City, MO. Tracks cut include 18th Street Strut; Kater Street Rag & South Street Blues 

17

  • Lorenz Hart & Richard Rodgers’ revue The Garrick Gaieties opens on Broadway (211 performances)

19

  • Charles Koechlin’s pastoral Jacob chez Laban [Jacob from Laban] for soprano, tenor, chorus and orchestra premiered in Paris, lib. Koechlin after the Book of Genesis

21

  • Arnold Bax’s St. Patrick’s Breastplate for chorus and orchestra premiered in London
  • Ferruccio Busoni’s opera Doktor Faust premiered in Dresden, lib. Busoni (completed by P. Jarnach)

23

  • Arthur Honegger’s Concertino for Piano and Orchestra premiered in Paris

25

  • Aldo Clementi born (Catania) Italian composer, teacher. Died 2011
  • Henry W. Petrie (68) dies in Paw Paw, MI

26

  • (& 27th) Bessie Smith records two sessions for Columbia in New York with Louis Armstrong (cor), Charlie Green (tb) & Fred Longshaw (p). Tracks cut include Careless Love Blues; I Ain’t Goin’ to Play No Second Fiddle; Nashville Woman’s Blues & J.C. Holmes Blues

28

  • Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau born (Berlin) German baritone singer, conductor. Died 2012

30

  • Joe Bihari born (Memphis, TN) Record executive. Co-founder of Modern Records with brothers Lester (1912-83), Julius (1913-84) and Saul (1918-75) Bihari.

releases

  • Jean Goldkette & His Orchestra – Remember / I Want To See My Tennessee (Victor)
  • Bessie Smith – The St. Louis Blues / Cold in Hand Blues (Columbia)
Bennie Moten 1894-1935

Bennie Moten 1894-1935

Jun

1

  • Marie Knight born (Sanford, FL) American Gospel and R&B singer. Died 2009
  • Ernest Bloch’s Concerto grosso no.1 premiered in Cleveland

5

  • Bill Hayes born (Harvey, IL) American popular singer, actor.

6

  • Sergei Prokofiev’s Symphony No. 2 premiered in Paris

9

  • Margaret Johnson records a session for Okeh. Tracks cut include Death House Blues; Nobody’s Blues But Mine & I’m a Good Hearted Mama

11

  • Charles Koechlin’s ballet La forêt païenne [the pagan forest] premiered in Paris (concert performance)
  • Kurt Weill’s Concerto for violin and wind orchestra op.12 premiered in Paris

12

  • Gabriel Fauré’s String Quartet op.121 premiered in Paris

16

  • Bebe Barron aka Charlotte May Wind born (Minneapolis, MN) American composer, electronic musician. Worked with husband Louis (1947-89). Died 2008
  • Emmett Hardy (22) dies in New Orleans of tuberculosis

21

  • Desmond Briscoe born (Birkenhead) English composer, engineer. Co-founder of the BBC Radiophonic Workshop. Died 2006

22

  • Hans-Hubert Schönzeler born (Leipzig) German composer, conductor, musicologist. Died 1997

23

  • Sahib Shihab aka Edmond Gregory born (Savannah, GA) American jazz baritone saxophonist, flautist. Worked with Fletcher Henderson, Dizzy Gillespie, Illinois Jacquet, Quincy Jones, Kenny Clarke-Francy Boland Big Band and others. Died 1989

25

  • Clifton Chenier born (Opelousas, LA) American zydeco singer, accordionist, songwriter. Died 1987
  • Carl Nielsen’s incidental music for H. Bergstedt’s play Ebbe Skammelsen premiered in Copenhagen

26

  • Ruggero Leoncavallo’s operetta La maschera nuda [the naked mask] premiered in Naples, lib. L. Bonelli and F. Paolieri (completed by S. Allegra)

27

  • Doc Pomus aka Jerome Felder born (Brooklyn, NY) American popular songwriter. Wrote with Mort Shuman. Died 1991
  • Arthur Honegger’s ballet Sous-marine [underwater] premiered in Paris

releases

  • The Eight Popular Victor Artists – A miniature concert parts one and two (Victor) Victor’s first electrical recording
  • Art Gillham – You May Be Lonesome / I Had Someone Before I Had You (Columbia) Columbia’s first electrical recording
  • Papa Charlie Jackson – Shake That Thing / The Faking Blues (Paramount)

Charles Koechlin 1867-1950

Jul

1

  • Erik Satie (59) dies in Paris of cirrhosis
  • Albert Roussel’s opera La naissance de la lyre [The birth of the lyre],lib. Théodore Reinach after Sophocles,  premiered in Paris

2

  • Marvin Rainwater born (Wichita, KS) American country and rockabilly singer, songwriter.

4

  • Cathy Berberian born (Attleboro, MA) American mezzo-soprano singer, composer. Wife of and collaborator with Luciano Berio (1925-2003). Died 1983

5

  • Hjalmar Borgstrøm (61) dies in Oslo

6

  • Bill Haley born (Highland Park, MI) American rock and country singer, songwriter, bandleader, guitarist. Led the Saddlemen and the Comets. Died 1981
  • The Original Jazz Hounds record a session for Columbia in New York. Tracks cut include 1620 To 1865 (Uncle Eph’s Dream) & Fo’ Day Blues

11

  • Mattiwilda Dobbs born (Atlanta, GA) American soprano singer.
  • Nicolai Gedda born (Stockholm) Swedish tenor singer.

12

  • Yasushi Akutagawa born (Tokyo) Japanese composer, conductor. Died 1989

16

  • Cal Tjader born (St Louis, MO) Jazz and Latin bandleader, percussionist, vibraphonist. Worked with Dave Brubeck, George Shearing and his own groups. Died 1982
  • Paul Robeson makes his first recordings for Victor in Camden, NJ
  • Igor Stravinsky’s Piano Sonata premiered in Donaueschingen

17

  • Peppermint Harris aka Harrison Nelson Jr born (Texarkana, TX) American R&B singer, guitarist. Died 1999
  • Jimmy Scott born (Cleveland, OH) American jazz singer.

25

  • William ‘Benny’ Benjamin born (Birmingham, AL) American R&B drummer, session musician. One of the ‘Funk Brothers’ who worked for Motown in Detroit. Died 1969
  • Paul Hindemith’s Concerto for oboe, bassoon, violin and orchestra & Concerto for orchestra op.38 premiered in Duisberg

27

  • The North Carolina Ramblers record their first session for Columbia in New York. Tracks cut include Don’t Let Your Deal Go Down Blues b/w Can I Sleep In Your Barn Tonight Mister? which goes on to sell more than 100,000 copies

28

  • Kenneth Alwyn born (London) English conductor, composer.
  • André Boucourechliev born (Sofia) Franco-Bulgarian composer. Died 1997
  • Théodore Botrel (56) dies in Pont-Aven, France.

29

  • Mikis Theodorakis born (Chios, Greece) Greek composer, activist, politician.

30

  • Antoine Duhamel born (Valmondois, France) French film composer, conductor, teacher.

releases

  • Gene Austin – Yes sir, that’s my baby / Everything is hotsy totsy now (Victor)
  • Clara Smith – Shipwrecked Blues / My John Blues (Columbia)
  • Paul Whiteman Orchestra – Charleston / Honey, I’m in Love With You (Victor)
  • Clarence Williams’ Blue Five – Cake-walking Babies from Home / Chauncey Lee – Banjo Rag (Okeh)
Paul Robeson 1898-1976

Paul Robeson 1898-1976

Aug

3

  • Dom Um Romão born (Rio de Janeiro) Brazilian jazz drummer, session player. Member of Weather Report. Died 2005

7

  • Felice Bryant born (Milwaukee, WN) American country songwriter. Wrote with husband Boudleaux Bryant (1920-87). Died 2003
  • Julián Orbón born (Avilés, Spain) Spanish composer, teacher. Died 1991

9

  • Robert Heppener born (Amsterdam) Dutch composer, pianist. Died 2009

13

  • Benny Bailey born (Cleveland, OH) American jazz trumpeter, bandleader. Worked with Bull Moose Jackson, Dizzy Gillespie, Lionel Hampton, Kenny Clarke-Francy Boland Big Band and others. Died 2005

15

  • Aldo Ciccolini born (Naples) Franco-Italian classical pianist.
  • George Morrow born (Pasadena, CA) American jazz bassist. Worked with Clifford Brown, Max Roach, Sonny Rollins and others. Died 1992
  • Oscar Peterson born (Montreal, Quebec) American jazz pianist, composer, bandleader. Died 2007
  • Bill Pinkney born (Dalzell, SC) American R&B bass singer. Member of the Drifters. Died 2007

16

  • Kirke Mechem born (Wichita, KS) American composer.
  • Mal Waldron born (New York, NY) American jazz pianist, composer, bandleader. Worked with Ike Quebec, Charles Mingus and Billie Holiday. Died 2002
  • Edna Hicks (29) burned to death in Chicago. She was cleaning a stove with gasoline when the rags she was using caught light

17

  • Carter Stanley born (McClure, VA) American bluegrass singer, songwriter, guitarist. Member of the Stanley Brothers and worked with Bill Monroe. Brother of Ralph Stanley (b.1927). Died 1966

19

  • Jindřich Feld born (Prague) Czech composer, teacher. Died 2007

20

  • Clara Smith records a session for Columbia in New York. Tracks cut include My Two Timing Papa & Kitchen Mechanic Blues 

26

  • Le Revue nègre opens in Paris, an African-American revue featuring Josephine Baker, Louis Douglas and a band led by Claude Hopkins

27

  • Tony Crombie born (London) English jazz drummer, pianist, composer, bandleader. Worked with Ronnie Scott, Victor Feldman and his own bands. Died 1999

28

  • Cromwell Everson born (Beaufort West, South Africa) South African composer, teacher. Died 1991
  • Donald O’Connor born (Chicago, IL) American dancer, popular singer, actor. Died 2003

unk

  • Benny Goodman, aged 16, joins Ben Pollack’s band

releases

  • Ethel Waters – Sweet Georgia Brown / No One Can Love Me (Columbia)
Poster for the Paris revue Le Revue nègre designed by Paul Colin

Poster for the Paris revue Le Revue nègre designed by Paul Colin

Sep

1

  • Art Pepper born (Gardena, CA) American jazz alto saxophonist, clarinetist, bandleader. Worked with Stan Kenton and Buddy Rich. Died 1982
  • Michael Balling (59) dies in Darmstadt
  • Emmett Miller & The Georgia Crackers record a session for Okeh. Tracks cut include Lovesick Blues & Big Bad Bill

3

  • Hank Thompson born (Waco, TX) American country singer, songwriter, guitarist. Died 2007
  • Henry Eichheim’s Impressions of Peking for orchestra premiered in Venice
  • Erwin Schulhoff’s String Quartet No.1 premiered in Venice

6

  • Jimmy Reed born (Dunleith, MS) American blues singer, songwriter, guitarist. Died 1976

7

  • John Wesley Work, Jr. (52) dies in Nashville, TN

10

  • Roy Brown born (New Orleans, LA) American R&B singer, songwriter. Died 1981
  • Boris Tchaikovsky born (Moscow) Russian composer. Died 1996
  • Gustav Holst’s The Evening-Watch for 8 voices premiered in Gloucester

11

  • Alan Bergman born (Brooklyn, NY) American popular songwriter.
  • Harry Somers born (Toronto) Canadian composer, broadcaster, teacher. Died 1999

13

  • Mel Tormé born (Chicago, IL) American jazz singer, songwriter, actor, drummer, writer. Died 1999

15

  • Leonard Borwick (57) dies in Le Mans, France

16

  • Charlie Byrd born (Suffolk, VA) American jazz and Latin guitarist. Died 1999
  • Riley B. ‘B. B.’ King born (Itta Bena, MS) American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter.
  • Leo Fall (52) dies in Vienna
  • Gustav Holst’s choral work The Evening-watch op.43 premiered in Gloucester

18

  • Herbert Fields, Lorenz Hart & Richard Rodgers’ musical Dearest Enemy opens on Broadway (286 performances)

20

  • Bobby Nunn born (Birmingham, AL) American R&B bass singer. Member of the Robins and the Coasters. Died 1986

21

  • Rudolf Friml, Brian Hooker & W.H. Post’s musical The Vagabond King opens on Broadway (511 performances)

22

  • Josephine Baker leaves the US for Paris
  • Jerome Kern, Oscar Hammerstein II & Otto Harbach’s musical Sunny opens on Broadway (517 performances), the first Kern / Hammerstein collaboration

25

  • Albert Brunies’s Halfway House Orchestra make their first recordings for Columbia. Bill Eastwood (bjo) Chink Martin (b, tba) Charlie Cordella (cl, as, ts) Leon Ropolo (cl, as) Red Long (p) Sidney Arodin (cl, whistle) Albert Brunies (cor)
  • Paul Hindemith’s Kammermusik no.4 op.36 (violin concerto) premiered in Dessau

26

  • Marty Robbins aka Martin David Robinson born (Glendale, AZ) American country singer, songwriter, actor, racing driver. Died 1982

unk

  • Bix Beiderbecke starts an eight month stint with Frankie Trumbauer’s orchestra in St Louis, MO
  • Ida Cox records a session for Paramount in Chicago. Tracks cut include Coffin Blues; How Long Daddy, How Long & How Can I Miss You When I’ve Got Dead Aim
  • Charlie Jackson records a session for Paramount in Chicago. Tracks cut include All I Want Is A Spoonful & Maxwell Street Blues

releases

  • Fletcher Henderson Orchestra – Sugar Foot Stomp / What-cha-call-em Blues (Columbia)
  • Charlie Poole – Don’t Let Your Deal Go Down Blues / Can I Sleep in Your Barn Tonight Mister (Columbia)
Paul Hindemith 1895-1963

Paul Hindemith 1895-1963

Oct

2

  • Josephine Baker makes her Paris debut at the Théatre des Champs-Élysées

3

  • George Wein born (Boston, MA) American jazz promoter, producer. Co-founder of the Newport Jazz Festival (1954), founder of the Newport Folk Festival (1959) and the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival (1970).

5

  • Bill Dixon born (Nantucket, MA) American jazz trumpeter, bandleader. Worked with Archie Shepp and Cecil Taylor. Died 2010
  • Herbert Kretzmer born (Kroonstad, South Africa) Anglo-South African journalist, lyricist.

7

  • Gustav Holst’s First Choral Symphony premiered in Leeds

10

  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Flos Campi for viola, chorus and orchestra premiered in London

14

  • Herbert Sharpe (64) dies in London

15

  • Mickey Baker born (Louisville, KY) American R&B guitarist, singer, session player (Mickey and Sylvia). Died 2012
  • Frank Bridge’s Piano Sonata premiered in London
  • Albert Roussel’s Violin Sonata no.2 op.28 & Sérénade for flute, violin, viola, cello and harp op.30 premiered in Paris

16

  • Richard Strauss’ Parergon zur Sinfonia Domestica op.73 for piano left hand and orchestra premiered in Dresden. Written for one-armed pianist Paul Wittgenstein

17

  • Irwin Silber born (New York, NY) American journalist, editor, publisher, activist. Co-founder of Sing Out! Magazine (1951). Died 2010

20

  • Tom Dowd born (New York, NY) American record producer, engineer. Worked for Atlantic Records and freelanced. Worked on the Manhattan Project in 1944-5. Died 2002

21

  • Virginia Zeani born (Solovăstru, Romania) Romanian soprano singer.

23

  • Manos Hatzidakis born (Xanthi, Greece) Greek composer. Died 1994

24

  • Luciano Berio born (Imperia, Italy) Italian composer. Died 2003
  • Willie Mabon born (Hollywood, TN) American R&B singer, songwriter, pianist. Died 1985
  • Charles Kenningham (64) dies in Australia

25

  • Ernst Krenek’s ballet Der vertauschte Cupido [Cupid swapped] premiered in Kassel

27

  • Wilhelm Gericke (78) dies in Vienna

28

  • Simon Gjoni born (Shkodër, Albania) Albanian composer, teacher, critic, theorist. Died 1991

29

  • Marcel Cellier born (Switzerland) Swiss organist, ethnomusicologist, producer. Worked with Gheorghe Zamfir and Voix Bulgares.
  • John ‘Zoot’ Sims born (Inglewood, CA) American jazz tenor and soprano saxophonist. Worked with Benny Goodman, Woody Herman, Stan Kenton, Gerry Mulligan and others. died 1985

30

  • Teo Macero born (Glens Falls, NY) American jazz saxophonist, composer, record producer. Died 2008
  • Tommy Ridgley born (New Orleans, LA) American R&B singer. Died 1999
  • Franz Léhar’s operetta Paganini premiered in Vienna, lib. B. Jenbach and P. Knepler

releases

  • Bessie Smith – Careless Love Blues / He’s Gone Blues (Columbia)

Frank Bridge 1879-1941

Nov

2

  • Lonnie Johnson makes his first recordings for Okeh in St Louis, MO accompanied by Charles Creath’s Jazz O-Maniacs. Line-up: Lonnie Johnson (vo,vln) Leonard Davis (tp) Horace Eubanks (cl,as) Sam Long (as) William Rollins (ts) Cranston Hamilton (p) Pete Patterson (bjo)

4

  • Lonnie Johnson records a session for Okeh in St. Louis, MO with John Arnold (p). Tracks cut include Mr Johnson Blues & Falling Rain Blues

5

  • Gian Francesco Malipiero’s opera L’orfeide premiered in Düsseldorf. Lib. Malipiero

6

  • Sergei Prokofiev’s ballet Trapeze op.39 premiered in Gotha, Germany
  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Concerto accademico for violin and string orchestra premiered in London

9

  • Bertha ‘Chippie’ Hill  and Blanche Calloway both make their first recordings for Okeh, backed by Louis Armstrong (cor) & Richard M Jones (p). Tracks cut include Lonesome Lovesick Blues & Lazy Woman’s Blues (Blanche Calloway) & Kid Man Blues & Lowland Blues (Bertha Chippie Hill)

10

  • Darius Milhaud’s String Quartet no.7 premiered in Brussels

11

  • Leos Janáček’s opera Šárka is premiered in Brno, lib. J. Zeyer

12

  • Roman Statkowski (65) dies in Warsaw
  • Louis Armstrong makes his first recordings as group leader for Okeh in Chicago. The recordings are known as the first by the Hot Five. Line-up: Louis Armstrong (cor) Kid Ory (tb) Johnny Dodds (cl) Lil Hardin (p) Johnny St Cyr (bjo). Tracks cut include Gutbucket Blues; Yes I’m In De Barrel  & My Heart
  • Heinrich Gebhard’s Fantasy for Piano and Orchestra premiered in New York
  • Bohuslav Martinu’s String Quartet no.2 premiered in Berlin

14

  • Agnes Zimmermann (78) dies in London

15

  • Jurriaan Andriessen born (Haarlem, Netherlands) Dutch composer. Son of Hendrik Andriessen (1892-1981). Died 1986

16

  • Nick Travis born (Philadelphia, PA) American jazz trumpeter. Worked with Woody Herman, Benny Goodman, Jimmy Dorsey and others. Died 1964

17

  • Charles Mackerras born (Schenectady, NY) Australian conductor. Died 2010

18

  • Ernst Krenek’s Fünf Klavierstücke op.39 [five piano pieces] premiered in Kassel

20

  • June Christy aka Shirley Luster born (Springfield, IL) American jazz singer. Worked with Stan Kenton and solo. Died 1990
  • Aaron Copland’s Music for the Theatre for chamber orchestra premiered in Boston

22

  • Gunther Schuller born (New York, NY) American composer, horn player, conductor, teacher, writer.

23

  • Johnny Mandel born (New York) American pop and film composer, songwriter, arranger.
  • Sara Martin records a session for Okeh. Tracks cut include I’m Gonna Hoodoo You; Your Going Ain’t Giving Me The Blues & What More Can a Monkey Woman Do?

24

  • Al Cohn born (Brooklyn, NY) American jazz tenor saxophonist, composer, bandleader. Worked with Woody Herman, Zoot Sims and others. Died 1988
  • Igor Stravinsky’s Serenade in A for piano premiered in Frankfurt

25

  • Matthew Gee born (Houston, TX) American jazz trombonist. Worked with Coleman Hawkins, Dizzy Gillespie, Gene Ammons, Count Basie, Illinois Jacquet, Duke Ellington and others. Died 1979
  • Igor Stravinsky’s Suite no.2 for orchestra premiered in Frankfurt

27

  • Derroll Adams aka Derroll Thompson born (Portland, OR) American folk singer, songwriter, guitarist, banjo player. Died 2000

28

  • Gigi Gryce aka Basheer Qusim born (Pensacola, FL) American jazz alto saxophonist, flautist, clarinetist, composer, arranger, bandleader. Died 1983
  • Jón Leifs’s Torrek op.1 for orchestra premiered in Karlsbad, Germany
  • Nashville radio station WSM first broadcasts the WSM Barn Dance – later to be known as the Grand Ole Opry

releases

  • Bessie Smith – I Ain’t Goin’ to Play No Second Fiddle / Nashville Woman’s Blues (Columbia) 

Jón Leifs 1899-1968

Dec

2

  • Reynaldo Hahn’s opera Mozart premiered in Paris. Lib. Sacha Guitry

3

  • Ferlin Husky born (Cantwell, MS) American country singer, guitarist. Died 2011
  • George Gershwin’s Concerto in F for piano and orchestra premiered in New York

5

  • Alvin “Red” Tyler born (New Orleans, LA) American R&B saxophonist, arranger. Died 1998

8

  • Sammy Davis, Jr. born (New York, NY) American popular singer, dancer, actor. Died 1990
  • Irving Berlin, G.S. Kaufman and M. Ryskind’s musical The Cocoanuts opens in New York (276 performances)

9

  • Eugène Gigout (81) dies in Paris

11

  • Carl Nielsen’s Symphony no. 6 premiered in Copenhagen

12

  • Michael ‘Dodo’ Marmarosa born (Pittsburgh, PA) American jazz pianist, composer. Worked with Gene Krupa, Charlie Barnet, Tommy Dorsey, Artie Shaw, Lester Young and Charlie Parker. Died 2002
  • Vladimir Shainsky born (Kiev) Russian composer.
  • Ruth Crawford Seeger’s Five Preludes for piano premiered in New York

14

  • Alban Berg’s opera Wozzeck premiered in Berlin. Lib. Berg after Georg Büchner

15

  • Clarence Williams’ Blue Five record a session for Okeh in New York. Tracks cut include Shake That Thing & Get It Fixed

19

  • Robert B Sherman born (New York, NY) American popular songwriter. Brother and songwriting partner of Richard M Sherman (b.1928). Died 2012

28

  • Guy Bolton, Fred Thompson, Ira Gershwin & George Gershwin’s musical Tip-Toes opens on Broadway (192 performances)
  • Carl Orff’s Tanz der Spröden [Dance of the coy] premiered in Karlsruhe

31

  • Jaime Mendoza-Nava born (La Paz, Bolivia) Bolivian-American composer, conductor. Died 2005
  • Daphne Oram born (Devizes) English composer, electronic musician, engineer, co-founder of the BBC Radiophonic Workshop. Died 2003
  • Ottorino Respighi’s Concerto in modo misolidio for piano and orchestra premiered in New York

unk

  • (possibly Jan 1926) Blind Lemon Jefferson makes his first recordings for Paramount in Chicago billed as Deacon LJ Bates. Tracks cut include All I Want Is That Pure Religion & I Want to Be Like Jesus in My Heart
  • Jimmy O’Bryant records a session for Paramount in Chicago. Tracks cut include Chicago Skiffle, the first recorded use of the term ‘skiffle’
  • Ma Rainey and Her Georgia Band record a session for Paramount in New York. Joe Smith (cor) Charlie Green (tb) Buster Bailey (cl) Coleman Hawkins (bars) Fletcher Henderson (p) Charlie Dixon (bj). Tracks cut include Oh, My Babe Blues; Chain Gang Blues; Stack O’ Lee Blues & Bessemer Bound Blues

releases

  • Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five – Gut Bucket Blues / Yes! I’m in the Barrel (Okeh)
  • Lonnie Johnson – Mr. Johnson’s Blues / Falling Rain Blues (Okeh)
  • Ethel Waters – Dinah / Sweet Man (Columbia)
Alban Berg - Wozzeck (Sony)

Alban Berg – Wozzeck (Sony)

date unknown

publications

  • J. Rosamond Johnson and James Weldon Johnson’s The Book of American Negro Spirituals published

songs published

  • Always (Irving Berlin); Black Bottom Stomp; Milenberg Joys (both Ferdinand Morton); Clap Hands! Here Comes Charley! (Billy Rose, Ballard MacDonald, Joseph Meyer); Davenport Blues (Bix Beiderbecke); Dinah (Sam M. Lewis, Joe Young, Harry Akst); Dippermouth Blues (Joe Oliver); I Found a New Baby (Jack Palmer, Spencer Williams); Sweet Georgia Brown (Ben Bernie, Maceo Pinkard, Kenneth Casey); Yes Sir, That’s My Baby (Gus Kahn, Walter Donaldson)
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