1926

<1925 1927>

Jan

2

  • The first issue of music paper The Melody Maker is published in London. It closes in 2000

3

  • George Martin born (London) English record producer, record executive. Worked for Parlophone. Produced the Beatles.

6

  • Émile Paladilhe (81) dies in Paris

9

  • Giannis Christou born (Heliopolis, Egypt) Greek composer. Died 1970

10

  • Willie Dennis born (Philadelphia, PA) American jazz trombonist. Worked with Claude Thornhill, Charles Mingus, Buddy Rich, Gerry Mulligan, Benny Goodman and others. Died 1965
  • Richard Strauss’s film score Der Rosenkavalier premiered in Dresden

11

  • Susan Reed born (Columbia, SC) American folk singer, zither player, harpist. Died 2010

12

  • Morton Feldman born (New York, NY) American composer. Died 1987

13

  • Melba Liston born (Kansas City, MO) American jazz trombonist, composer, arranger, bandleader. Worked with Dizzy Gillespie, Randy Weston, her own bands and others. Died 1999
  • Charles Koechlin’s Sonata no.2 for clarinet and piano op.86 premiered in Paris

15

  • Enrico Toselli (42) dies in Florence

16

  • Omkar Prasad ‘O.P.’ Nayyar born (Lahore, Pakistan) Indian film music composer, conductor, arranger. Died 2007
  • André Messager’s opera Passionnément premiered in Paris, lib. M. Hennequin and A. Willemetz
  • Vítezslav Novák’s opera Deduv odkaz [The grandfather’s legacy], lib. Antonín Klášterský, premiered in Prague

17

  • Moira Shearer born (Dunfermline, Fife) Scottish ballerina, actress. Died 2006

19

  • (& 20th) Lonnie and James Johnson record two sessions for Okeh in New York with De Loise Searcy (p) on some pieces. Tracks cut include Very Lonesome Blues; Newport Blues; Bed of Sand; Lonesome Jail BluesFive O’ Clock Blues & Johnson Trio Stomp 

20

  • David Tudor born (Philadelphia, PA) American pianist, composer. Died 1996
  • Hilding Rosenberg’s Sinfonia da chiesa no.2 for orchestra premiered in Stockholm

21

  • Franco Evangelisti born (Rome) Italian composer, teacher, music theorist. Died 1980

23

  • Joseph Carl Breil (55) dies in Los Angeles of heart disease

25

  • Hermann Ritter (76) dies in Würzburg, Germany

26

  • Ronnie Hilton aka Adrian Hill born (Hull) English popular singer, broadcaster. Died 2001
  • Kurt-Heinz Stolze born (Hamburg) German pianist, harpsichordist, composer. Died 1970

28

  • Kurt Weill marries Lotte Lenya in Berlin

30

  • Tish Daija born (Tirana) Albanian composer, footballer. Died 2004

releases

  • Bessie Smith – I Ain’t Got Nobody / J. C. Holmes Blues (Columbia) 

Lotte Lenya 1898-1981

Feb

2

  • Julius Bittner’s Great Mass and Te Deum premiered in Vienna
  • Henry Cowell’s String Quartet no.1 & Seven Paragraphs for violin, viola and cello premiered in New York

5

  • Art Simmons born (Glen White, WV) American jazz pianist, arranger, session player.
  • André Gedalge (69) dies in Chessy, France

13

  • Barney Childs born (Spokane, WA) American composer, teacher. Died 2000
  • Arthur Honegger’s opera Judith premiered in Monte Carlo, lib. R. Morax

16

  • Leos Janáček’s Concertino for piano, two violins, viola, clarinet, french horn and bassoon premiered in Brno

17

  • Friedrich Cerha born (Vienna) Austrian composer, conductor.

19

  • György Kurtág born (Lugoj, Romania) Hungarian composer, teacher.
  • John Alden Carpenter’s ballet Skyscrapers premiered in New York

22

  • Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five record a session for Okeh in Chicago. Line-up:  Louis Armstrong (cor) Kid Ory (tb) Johnny Dodds (cl, as) Lil Hardin (p) Johnny St. Cyr (bj). One track cut: Come Back Sweet Papa

23

  • Bertha Chippie Hill records a session for Okeh in Chicago with Louis Armstrong (cor) & Richard M. Jones (p). Tracks cut include Trouble In Mind; Georgia Man & Lonesome, All Alone And Blue

26

  • Peter Lange-Müller (75) dies following a street accident in Copenhagen
  • Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five record six tracks for Okeh in Chicago. Line-up: Louis Armstrong (cor, vo) Kid Ory (tb) Johnny Dodds (cl, as) Lil Hardin (p, vo) Johnny St. Cyr (bjo). Tracks cut: You’re Next; Oriental Strut; Heebie Jeebies; Muskrat Ramble; Georgia Grind & Cornet Chop Suey

releases

  • Gene Austin – Five foot two, eyes of blue / Sleepy time gal (Victor) 
  • Bessie Smith – Lonesome Desert Blues / Golden Rule Blues (Columbia) 
  • Sippie Wallace – I Am Leaving You / I’ve Stopped My Man (Okeh) 
Louis Armstrong 1901-1971

Louis Armstrong 1901-1971

Mar

2

  • Gustav Holst’s Terzetto for flute, oboe and viola premiered in London
  • Igor Stravinsky’s Suite no.1 for orchestra premiered in Haarlem

3

  • Julius Epstein (93) dies in Vienna

4

  • Jerry Ross born (New York, NY) American popular lyricist, songwriter. Wrote with Richard Adler 1950-55. Died 1955
  • Gian Francesco Malipiero’s opera Tre commedie goldoniane [Three comedies of Goldoni], lib. Malpiero after Carlo Goldoni, premiered in Darmstadt
  • Ottorino Respighi’s Concerto in Mixolydian Mode for piano and orchestra & Poema autunnale for violin and orchestra premiered in Amsterdam

11

  • İlhan Mimaroğlu born (Istanbul) Turkish composer, teacher, record producer. Died 2012

13

  • Julián Carrillo’s Sonata casi fantasía for violin, cello and guitar premiered in New York
  • Jean Sibelius’ Likhet [equality] for chorus premiered in Turku

14

  • Anton Bruckner’s Psalm cxii for chorus and orchestra premiered in Vöcklabruck, Austria

15

  • Ben Johnston born (Macon, GA) American composer, teacher.
  • Aglaja Orgeni (84) dies in Vienna

17

  • Herbert Fields, Lorenz Hart & Richard Rodgers’ musical The Girl Friend Broadway production opens (301 performances)

18

  • Anton Sistermans (60) dies in Den Haag

23

  • Jean Sibelius’ Humoreski op.108/1 for chorus & Ne pitkän matkan kulkijat [They are long-distance travelers] for chorus premiered in Helsinki

26

  • Franz Kneisel (61) dies in New York
  • Emmerich Kálmán’s operetta Die Zirkusprinzessin [The Circus Princess], lib. Julius Brammer and Alfred Grünwald, premiered in Vienna
  • Ernst Krenek’s Fünf Lieder op.19 premiered in Berlin

27

  • Kurt Weill’s opera Der Protagonist premiered in Dresden, lib. G. Kaiser

28

  • Sonny Bradshaw born (Kingston, Jamaica) Jamaican jazz and reggae trumpeter, bandleader, multi-instrumentalist, broadcaster, journalist, teacher. Died 2009

30

  • Duke Ellington and his Orchestra record a session for Gennett in New York. Harry Cooper, Leroy Rutledge (tp) Charlie Irvis (tb) Don Redman (cl,as) Prince Robinson (cl,ts) Otto Hardwicke (as, bars) Duke Ellington (p) Fred Guy (bj) Bass Edwards (tu) Sonny Greer (d, vo). Tracks cut include Wanna Go Back Again Blues & If You Can’t Hold The Man You Love

unk

  • Blind Lemon Jefferson cuts his first sides for Paramount under his own name. Tracks cut include Booster Blues & Dry Southern Blues

releases

  • Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five – Muskrat Ramble / Heebie Jeebies (Okeh) 
  • Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five – You’re Next / Oriental Strut (Okeh) 
  • Bessie Smith – What’s the Matter Now? / I Want Ev’ry Bit of It (Columbia) 
Blind Lemon Jefferson 1893-1929

Blind Lemon Jefferson 1893-1929

Apr

1

  • Franz Stockhausen (87) dies in Strasbourg

5

  • Stan Levey born (Philadelphia, PA) American jazz drummer, session player, photographer. Died 2005

6

  • Sergio Franchi aka Sergio Franci Galli born (Codogno, Italy) Italian actor, tenor singer. Died 1990
  • Randy Weston born (Brooklyn, NY) American jazz pianist, composer, bandleader.

9

  • Edgard Varèse’s Amériques for orchestra premiered in Philadelphia

10

  • Jacques Castérède born (Paris) French composer, teacher.

13

  • The Halfway House Orchestra record a session for Columbia in New Orleans. Tracks cut include Snookum; It Belongs To You; I’m In Love & Since You’re Gone

17

  • The Skillet Lickers make their first recordings for Columbia in Atlanta. Line-up: Gid Tanner, Clayton McMichen (vln) Riley Puckett (g) Fate Norris (bjo). Tracks cut include Hand Me Down My Walking Cane & Watermelon On the Vine

25

  • Giacomo Puccini’s opera Turandot premiered in Milan, lib. G. Adami and R. Simoni (completed by Franco Alfano)

26

  • Joseph Benjamin ‘JB’ Hutto born (Blackville, SC) American blues singer, guitarist. Died 1983

28

  • Ján Levoslav Bella’s opera Wieland der Schmied [Wieland the Smith], lib. Richard Wagner, premiered in Bratislava

unk

  • Lovie Austin’s Serenaders record a session for Paramount in Chicago. Tracks cut include Frog Tongue Stomp & Jackass Blues

releases

  • Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five – Georgia Grind / Come Back Sweet Papa (Okeh)
  • Bertha Chippie Hill – Trouble In Mind / Georgia Man (Okeh)
  • King Oliver’s Jazz Band – Too Bad / Snag It (Vocalion)
  • Bessie Smith – Jazzbo Brown From Memphis Town / Squeeze Me (Columbia)
Giacomo Puccini - Turandot (Decca)

Giacomo Puccini – Turandot (Decca)

May

2

  • Francis Poulenc’s song cycle Chansons gaillardes [bawdy songs] & Napoli for piano premiered in Paris

3

  • Jimmy Cleveland born (Wartrace, TN) American jazz trombonist. Worked with Miles Davis, Sonny Rollins, Jimmy Smith and many others. Died 2008
  • Jymie Merritt born (Philadelphia, PA) American jazz bassist. Worked with the Jazz Messengers, John Coltrane, Chet Baker, Dizzy Gillespie, Max Roach and others.

4

  • Sonny Payne born (New York, NY) American jazz drummer. Worked with Earl Bostic, Tiny Grimes, Erskine Hawkins, Count Basie and Harry James. Son of Chris Columbus (1902-2002). Died 1979
  • Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco’s opera La mandragola [the mandrake], lib. Castelnuovo-Tedesco after Niccolò Machiavelli, premiered in Venice
  • Constant Lambert’s ballet Romeo and Juliet premiered in Monte Carlo

7

  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ oratorio Sancta Civitas [the holy city] premiered in Oxford
  • Darius Milhaud’s opera Les malheurs d’Orphée [The misfortunes of Orpheus] premiered in Brussels, lib. A. Lunel

8

  • Rida Johnson Young (57) dies in Stamford, CT, of breast cancer

10

  • Arthur Honegger marries pianist Andrée ‘Vaura’ Vaurabourg in Paris

11

  • Victoria Spivey makes her first recordings for Okeh in St Louis, MO. Tracks cut include Black Snake Blues & Dirty Woman’s Blues

12

  • Dmitri Shostakovich’s Symphony no.1 premiered in St Petersburg

13

  • Victoria Spivey records a session for Okeh in St Louis, MO with Pierce Gist (cor) & De Lloyd Barnes (p). Tracks cut include No More Jelly Beans Blues & Long Gone Blues

14

  • Lonnie and James Johnson record a session for Okeh in St. Louis. Tracks cut include Baby You Don’t Know My Mind; Good Old Wagon & I Have No Sweet Woman Now 

17

  • Erik Satie’s incidental music for Jean Cocteau’s play Cinq grimaces pour Le songe d’une nuit d’été [five grimaces for the dream of a summer night] & for J.P. Contamine de Latour’s play Geneviève de Brabant premiered in Paris (concert performance)

21

  • Albert Grossman born (Chicago, IL) American artist manager, entrepreneur, record company executive. Managed Bob Dylan, Peter, Paul & Mary and Janis Joplin. Founded Bearsville records. Died 1986
  • Georgy Catoire (65) dies in Moscow

23

  • Arthur Gunter born (Nashville, TN) American blues guitarist, singer. Died 1976
  • Hans von Koessler (73) dies in Ansbach
  • Nikolai Myaskovsky’s Symphony No. 8 premiered in Moscow

24

  • Gustav Holst’s choral ballet The Golden Goose premiered in London, lib. J. Joseph

25

  • Miles Davis born (Alton, IL) American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, composer. Died 1991

26

  • Joseph Horovitz born (Vienna) Anglo-Austrian composer, conductor, teacher.
  • Clara Smith records a session for Columbia in New York. Tracks cut include My Brand New Papa & Salty Dog

27

  • Bud Shank born (Dayton, OH) American jazz alto-saxophonist, flautist, bandleader. Worked with Stan Kenton, Ravi Shankar and others. Died 2009

28

  • Louis Armstrong’s Hot Five record two tracks at a session for Vocalion in Chicago billed as Lil’s Hot Shots. Line-up: Louis Armstrong (cor, vo) Kid Ory (tb) Johnny Dodds (cl) Lil Hardin (p) Johnny St. Cyr (bjo). Tracks cut: Georgia Bo Bo & Drop That Sack

unk

  • Perry Bradford & His Gang record a session for Okeh in New York. Singer Perry Bradford plus band including Bubber Miley (cor) and James P Johnson (p). Tracks cut: Just Met A Friend From My Home Town & So’s Your Old Man 

releases

  • Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five – Cornet Chop Suey / My Heart (Okeh)
  • Abe Lyman’s California Orchestra – After I Say I’m Sorry / Shake That Thing (Brunswick) 
  • Jelly Roll Morton – Fat Meat and Greens / Sweetheart o’ Mine (Vocalion)
  • Bessie Smith – Money Blues / Hard Driving Papa (Columbia) 
  • Ethel Waters – I’ve found a new baby / Tell ’em ’bout me (Columbia) 
Victoria Spivey 1906-1976

Victoria Spivey 1906-1976

Jun

2

  • Marie Roze (80) dies in Paris

3

  • Allen Ginsberg born (Newark, NJ) American poet, performer, writer. Died 1997
  • Erik Satie’s ballet Jack in the Box premiered in Paris

4

  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Six Studies in English Folksong for cello and piano premiered in London

6

  • Klaus Tennstedt born (merseburg, Germany) German conductor. Died 1998

11

  • Carlisle Floyd born (Latta, SC) American opera composer.

13

  • Maurice Ravel’s Chansons madécasses for soprano and piano premiered in Paris

14

  • George White’s Scandals of 1926 Broadway revue opens (432 performances)

16

  • Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five record four tracks for Okeh in Chicago. Line-up: Louis Armstrong (cor, vo) Kid Ory (tb) Johnny Dodds (cl) Lil Hardin (p) Johnny St. Cyr (bjo). Tracks cut: Don’t Forget To Mess Around; I’m Gonna GitchaDropping Shucks & Who’s It
  • Arthur Honegger’s Pour le Cantique de Salomon [For the Song of Solomon] premiered in Paris

17

  • Manuel Enríquez born (Ocotlán,, Mexico) Mexican composer, violinist, teacher. Died 1994

19

  • George Antheil’s Ballet Mécanique for percussion & Symphonie en fa premiered in Paris
  • Karol Szymanowski’s opera Król Roger [King Roger], lib. Szymanowski and Jároslav Iwaszkiewicz premiered in Warsaw

22

  • Ruth Zechlin née Oschatz born (Grosshartmannsdorf, Germany) German composer, teacher, conductor, harpsichordist, organist. Died 2007
  • Hermann Suter (56) dies in Basel, Switzerland
  • Ferde Grofé’s Mississippi Suite premiered in Scheveningen, Netherlands by the Paul Whiteman Orchestra
  • William Walton’s overture Portsmouth Point premiered in Zürich

23

  • Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five record four tracks for Okeh in Chicago. Line-up: Louis Armstrong (cor, vo) Kid Ory (tb) Johnny Dodds (cl, as) Lil Hardin (p) Johnny St. Cyr (bjo) Clarence Babcock (vo). Tracks cut: Big Fat Ma & Skinny Pa; Sweet Little PapaThe King Of The Zulus & Lonesome Rag
  • Anton Webern’s Five pieces for orchestra premiered in Zürich

26

  • Kenny Baker born (Burdine, KY) American bluegrass fiddler. Died 2011
  • Leos Janáček’s Sinfonietta & Glagolitic Mass premiered in Prague

28

  • Jean Sibelius’s Väinön virsi [Väinö’s Song] for chorus and orchestra premiered in Sortavala, Finland

releases

  • Blind Lemon Jefferson – Long Lonesome Blues / Got the Blues (Paramount)
  • Sara Martin – What’s the Matter Now? / I Want Every Bit of It (I Don’t Like It Second Hand) (Okeh)
  • Jelly Roll Morton – The Pearls / King Porter Stomp (Vocalion)
  • Paul Robeson – Sometimes I feel like a motherless child / On ma journey (Victor)
  • Victoria Spivey – Black Snake Blues / No More Jelly Bean Blues (Okeh)
  • Gid Tanner and his Skillet Lickers – Ya Gotta Quit Kickin’ My Dog Aroun’ / Turkey in the Straw (Columbia)
  • Sippie Wallace – Special Delivery Blues / Jack of Diamonds Blues (Okeh)
  • Ethel Waters – I’ve Found A New Baby / Tell ‘Em About Me (Columbia)
  • Ethel Waters – Sugar / You’ll Want Me Back (Columbia)
  • Paul Whiteman and His Orchestra – Valencia / No More Worryin’ (Victor)
George Antheil 1900-1959

George Antheil 1900-1959

Jul

1

  • Hans Werner Henze born (Gütersloh, Germany) German composer, conductor. Died 2012
  • Atilio Stampone born (Buenos Aires) Argentinian tango composer, arranger, pianist.

2

  • Lee Allen born (Pittsburg, KS) American R&B tenor saxophonist, session musician. Worked with Dave Bartholomew, Fats Domino, Little Richard and others. Died 1994

3

  • Johnny Coles born (Trenton, NJ) American jazz trumpeter, bandleader. Worked with Eddie Vinson, Earl Bostic, James Moody, Gil Evans, Charles Mingus, Herbie Hancock, Ray Charles, Duke Ellington and others. Died 1997
  • Hersal Thomas (17) dies in Detroit of food poisoning

12

  • Vlasta Průchová born (Ružomberok, Slovakia) Czech jazz singer. Mother of Jan Hammer (b.1948). Died 2006
  • Charles Wood (60) dies in Cambridge

13

  • Lil Hardin’s New Orleans Wanderers record the first of their two sessions for Columbia in Chicago. The second takes place the following day under the name of the New Orleans Bootblacks. Line-up: Lil Hardin (p) Baby Dodds (d) Johnny Dodds (cl) George Mitchell (cor) Kid Ory (tb) Johnny St. Cyr (bj). Tracks cut include Tracks cut include Gate Mouth; Perdido Street BluesPapa Dip & Too Tight (released as the Wanderers) & Flat Foot & Mad Dog (released as the Bootblacks)

15

  • Dimitri Shostakovich’s Eight Preludes for piano op.2 premiered in Kharkov

24

  • Paul Hindemith’s Konzertmusik op.41 for wind band premiered in Donaueschingen

25

  • Paul Hindemith’s Musik für mechanische Instrumente op.40 [Music for mechanical instruments] & Rondo aus der Klaviermusic op.37 [Rondo from the Piano Music] premiered in Donaueschingen

26

  • Ella Adayevskaya (80) dies in Bonn
  • Freddie Keppard’s Jazz Cardinals make their only recordings for Paramount in Chicago. Arthur Campbell (p) Johnny Dodds (cl) Papa Charlie Jackson (vo) Freddie Keppard (cor) Jasper Taylor (perc) Eddie Vincent (tb). Tracks cut: Stockyard Strut & Salty Dog

unk

  • Blind Blake makes his first recordings for Paramount in Chicago accompanying singer Leola B. Wilson on guitar

releases

  • Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five – Don’t Forget to Mess Around / I’m Gonna Gitcha (Okeh)
  • Gene Austin – Bye bye blackbird / Ya gotta know how to love (Victor)
  • Fletcher Henderson and his Orchestra – The Stampede / Jackass Blues (Columbia)
  • Blind Lemon Jefferson – Black Horse Blues / Corinne Blues (Paramount)
  • Original Memphis Five – Static Strut / Tampeekoe (Victor)
Hersal Thomas 1909-26

Hersal Thomas 1909-26

Aug

1

  • Theo Adam born (Dresden) German bass-baritone singer.

3

  • Tony Bennett born (Astoria, NY) American popular singer, painter.

5

  • Betsy Jolas born (Paris) French composer, teacher.
  • Jeri Southern aka Genevieve Lillian Hering born (Royal, NE) American jazz pianist, singer, film composer. Died 1991

7

  • Stan Freberg born (Los Angeles, CA) American recording artist, humourist, satirist, writer.

8

  • Urbie Green born (Mobile, AL) American jazz trombonist. Worked with Gene Krupa, Woody Herman and others.

10

  • Marie-Claire Alain born (Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France) French organist, teacher. Sister of Jehan Alain (1911-40) and Olivier Alain (1918-94).
  • Edwin Carr born (Auckland, NZ) New Zealand composer. Died 2003

12

  • Joe Jones born (New Orleans, LA) American R&B singer, songwriter, arranger. Died 2005
  • Victoria Spivey records a session for Okeh in New York with John Erby (p). Tracks cut include Hoodoo Man Blues; Humored And Petted Blues & Santa Fe Blues

13

  • Lonnie Johnson records a session for Okeh in New York with James Johnson (p). Tracks cut include Baby, Please Tell Me; You Don’t See Into the Blues Like Me;  I got the Blues So Bad; Big Houston Blues (with Victoria Spivey on vocals) & I’m Gonna Dodge the Blues Just Wait and See

14

  • Armando ‘Buddy’ Greco born (Philadelphia) American jazz and pop pianist, singer.

17

  • George Melly born (Liverpool) English jazz singer, critic, writer. Died 2007

22

  • Bob Flanigan born (Greencastle, IN) American jazz and pop tenor singer. Member of the Four Freshmen. Died 2011

23

  • The Savoy Bearcats record a session for Victor in New York. The group are the house band at the Savoy Ballroom, New York, led by Leon Abbey. Tracks cut include Senegalese Stomp; Nightmare & Bearcat Stomp

28

  • Phil Seamen born (London) English jazz drummer. Worked with Tubby Hayes, Stan Tracey, Ronnie Scott, Alexis Korner and others. Died 1972

unk

  • Lovie Austin and her Serenaders make their final recordings for Paramount in Chicago. Tracks cut include Gallon Stomp & Chicago Mess Around 
  • Blind Blake makes his first recordings for Paramount in Chicago under his own name, the first of 79 sides for the company. Tracks cut include Early Morning Blues & West Coast Blues

releases

  • Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five – Dropping Shucks / Who’sit (Okeh) 
  • Blind Lemon Jefferson – Jack O’Diamond Blues / Chock House Blues (Paramount) 
  • Paul Robeson – Swing low, sweet chariot / Nobody knows de trouble I’ve seen (Victor) 
Blind Lemon Jefferson - Jack O'Diamond Blues (Paramount)

Blind Lemon Jefferson – Jack O’Diamond Blues (Paramount)

Sep

6

  • Arthur Oldham born (London) English composer, choirmaster. Died 2003

9

  • Anton Jörgen Andersen (80) dies in Stockholm

12

  • Benny Goodman makes his first recordings for Victor with the Ben Pollack Orchestra
  • Annette Hanshaw makes her first recordings for Pathé

15

  • Jelly Roll Morton’s Red Hot Peppers record their first session for Victor in Chicago. Tracks cut include Black Bottom Stomp; The Chant & Smoke-house blues

17

  • Bill Black born (Memphis, TN) American rock and R&B bassist, bandleader. Worked with Elvis Presley and led Bill Black’s Combo. Died 1965
  • Brother Jack McDuff born (Champaign, IL) American jazz organist, bandleader. Died 2001
  • Augustus Stephen Vogt (65) dies in Toronto

21

  • Jelly Roll Morton’s Red Hot Peppers record a session for Victor in Chicago. Tracks cut include Sidewalk Blues; Dead Man Blues & Steamboat stomp

22

  • William Overton “Bill” Smith born (Sacramento, CA) American jazz and classical clarinetist, composer, teacher. Worked with Dave Brubeck.

23

  • John Coltrane born (Hamlet, NC) American jazz tenor, alto and soprano saxophonist, composer, bandleader. Worked with Dizzy Gillespie and  Miles Davis. Died 1967

26

  • Julie London born (Santa Rosa, CA) American popular singer, actress. Died 2000
  • Joe Venuti and Eddie Lang record a session for Columbia. Tracks cut include Stringing the Blues & Black and Blue Bottom

28

  • Esther Scliar born (Porto Alegre, Brazil) Brazilian pianist, composer, teacher. Died 1978

releases

  • Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five – Big Fat Ma and Skinny Pa / Sweet Little Papa (Okeh)
  • Bessie Smith – Lost Your Head Blues / The Gin House Blues (Columbia)
Freddie Keppard 1890-1933

Freddie Keppard 1890-1933

Oct

5

  • Frank Wyatt (73) dies in London

10

  • Oscar Brown Jr born (Chicago, IL) American jazz singer, songwriter, playwright, poet, activist. Died 2005

13

  • Ray Brown born (Pittsburgh, PA) American jazz bassist, bandleader. Worked with Dizzy Gillespie, Oscar Peterson, LA Four and led the Ray Brown Trio. Died 2002

15

  • Karl Richter born (Plauen, Germany) German conductor, organist, harpsichordist. Died 1981

16

  • Zoltán Kodály’s opera Háry János premiered in Budapest, lib. B. Paulini and Z. Harsányi

18

  • Chuck Berry born (San Jose, CA) American rock singer, guitarist, songwriter.

20

  • Ethel Smyth’s opera Entente cordiale premiered in Bristol. Lib. Smyth

21

  • Don Elliott born (Somerville, NJ) American jazz trumpeter, vibraphonist, singer, mellophone player, bandleader. Worked with Paul Desmond, Bill Evans and others. Died 1984
  • Carl Nielsen’s Concerto for flute and orchestra premiered in Paris
  • Albert Szirmai, Arthur Wimperis and Lauri Wylie’s operetta Princess Charming opens in London (362 performances)

25

  • Jimmy Heath born (Philadelphia, PA) American jazz tenor saxophonist. Brother of Percy (1923-2005) and Albert (b.1935) Heath.
  • Galina Vishnevskaya born (St Petersburg) Russian soprano singer. Died 2012

28

  • Bing Crosby makes his first recordings for Columbia with Don Clark’s Biltmore Hotel Orchestra

29

  • Jon Vickers born (Prince Albert, Saskatchewan) Canadian tenor singer.

30

  • Franz Léhar’s operetta Gigolette premiered in Milan, lib. C. Lombardo and G. Forzano (revision of Der Sterngucker)

31

  • Jimmy Savile born (Leeds) English disc jockey, broadcaster. Died 2011

unk

  • Peter Warlock’s Capriol Suite for string orchestra completed
  • Papa Stovepipe records a session for Paramount in Chicago. tracks cut include All Birds Look Like Chicken To Me & Mama’s Angel Child

releases

  • Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five – Lonesome Blues / The King of the Zulus (At a Chit’lin Rag) (Okeh)
  • Blind Blake – Early Morning Blues / West Coast Blues (Paramount) 
  • Charlie Poole with the South Carolina Ramblers – Monkey on a String / White House Blues (Columbia)
  • Savoy Bearcats – Senegalese Stomp / Nightmare (Victor) 
  • Paul Whiteman & His Orchestra – The Birth Of The Blues / Countess Maritza (Victor) 

Peter Warlock 1894-1930

Nov

1

  • Lou Donaldson born (Badin, NC) American jazz alto saxophonist, bandleader, composer.

3

  • Billy Mitchell born (Kansas City, MO) American jazz tenor saxophonist. Worked with Woody Herman, Dizzy Gillespie, Count Basie and his own groups. Died 2001

4

  • Carlos ‘Patato’ Valdes born (Havana) Cuban-American jazz and Latin conga player. Worked with Dizzy Gillespie, Johnny Griffin and others. Died 2007
  • Ernst Krenek’s Stücke für Orchester [pieces for orchestra] premiered in Winterthur

7

  • Joan Sutherland born (Sydney) Australian soprano singer. Died 2010
  • Frank Kidson (70) dies in Leeds

8

  • George and Ira Gershwin, Guy Bolton & P. G. Wodehouse’s musical Oh, Kay! opens on Broadway (256 performances)
  • Peg Leg Howell makes his first recordings for Columbia. Tracks cut include New Prison Blues & Fo’ Day Blues

9

  • Paul Hindemith’s opera Cardillac premiered in Dresden, lib. F. Lion

11

  • Heitor Villa-Lobos’s Choros no.10 for chorus and orchestra premiered in Rio de Janeiro

13

  • Max Mathews born (Columbus, NE) American computer music pioneer, software engineer, composer, academic. Died 2011

14

  • Eugen d’Albert’s opera Der Golem premiered in Frankfurt. Lib. Ferdinand Lion

16

  • Ton de Leeuw born (Rotterdam) Dutch composer. Died 1996
  • Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five record four tracks for Okeh in Chicago. Line-up: Louis Armstrong (cor, vo) Kid Ory (tb) Johnny Dodds (cl) Lil Hardin (p) Johnny St. Cyr (bjo) May Alix (vo). Tracks cut: Big Butter & Egg Man; Sunset Café StompSkid-da-de-dat & Jazz Lips

17

  • Fats Waller records a solo organ session for Victor in Camden, NJ. Tracks cut include St Louis Blues & Lenox Avenue Blues

21

  • Bohuslav Martinu’s Concerto for piano and orchestra no.1 premiered in Prague

23

  • Robert Lee “RL” Burnside born (Harmontown, MS) American blues singer, guitarist, songwriter. Died 2005
  • Clara Smith records a session for Columbia. Tracks cut include Livin’ Humble; Get On Board; Percolatin’ Blues & Ease It

24

  • William Walton’s Siesta for orchestra premiered in London

26

  • Fritz Cassirer (55) dies in Berlin
  • Bertha Chippie Hill records a session for Okeh in Chicago with Louis Armstrong (cor) & Richard M. Jones (p). Tracks cut include Pratt’s City Blues; Pleadin’ for the Blues; Lovesick Blues; Lonesome Weary Blues & Mess, Katie, Mess

27

  • Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five record a session for Okeh in Chicago. Line-up: Louis Armstrong (cor, vo) Henry Clark (tb) Johnny Dodds (cl) Lil Hardin (p) Johnny St. Cyr (bjo). Tracks cut include You Made Me Love You & Irish Black Bottom
  • Béla Bartók’s pantomime A csodálatos mandarin [The Miraculous Mandarin] premiered in Cologne, lib. M. Lengyel
  • Béla Bartók’s Falun (Tri dedinské scény) [Three Village Scenes] for choir and orchestra premiered in New York
  • Ernst Krenek’s opera Orpheus und Eurydike premiered in Kassel. Lib. Oskar Kokoschka

28

  • William Grant Still’s symphonic poem Darker America premiered in New York

29

  • Duke Ellington and his Kentucky Club Orchestra record a session for Vocalion. Line-up: Rudy Jackson, Otto Hardwicke, Harry Carney (reeds) Bubber Miley, Louis Metcalfe (tp) Joe Nanton (tb) Duke Ellington (p) Fred Guy (bjo) Bass Edwards (tu) Sonny Greer (d). Tracks cut include East St Louis Toodle-oo & Birmingham Breakdown

30

  • Sigmund Romberg, Oscar Hammerstein & Otto Harbach’s musical The Desert Song opens on Broadway (465 performances)

releases

  • Bo Weavil Jackson – You Can’t Keep No Brown / Pistol Blues (Paramount)
  • Jelly Roll Morton’s Red Hot Peppers – Black Bottom Stomp / The Chant (Victor)
  • Bessie Smith – One and Two Blues / Honey Man Blues (Columbia)
 William Grant Still 1895-1978

William Grant Still 1895-1978

Dec

1

  • Richard Rodgers, Lorenz Hart, Guy Bolton, B. Kalmar, Harry Ruby and R. Jeans’s musical Lido Lady opens in London (259 performances)

2

  • Dimitri Shostakovich’s Piano Sonata no.1 premiered in St Petersburg

4

  • George Gershwin’s Three Preludes for piano & Two Novellettes for piano premiered in New York

5

  • Vincent d’Indy’s Diptyque méditerranéen for orchestra premiered in Paris

6

  • Bing Crosby makes his first appearance with the Paul Whiteman Orchestra in Chicago

8

  • Béla Bartók’s suite Out of Doors for piano premiered on Hungarian radio
  • Charles Wakefield Cadman’s opera A Witch of Salem premiered in Chicago. Lib. Nelle Richmond Eberhardt
  • Red Nichols and his Five Pennies make their first recordings for Brunswick. Alumni of the band include Jimmy Dorsey, Benny Goodman, Gene Krupa, Eddie Lang, Wingy Manone, Glenn Miller, Miff Mole, Adrian Rollini, Pee Wee Russell, Jack Teagarden and Joe Venuti. Tracks cut include Washboard Blues & That’s No Bargain

9

  • Darius Milhaud’s Le carnaval d’Aix for piano and orchestra premiered in New York

10

  • Guitar Slim aka Eddie Jones born (Greenwood, MS) American blues guitarist, singer. Died 1959
  • The Dixieland Jug Blowers record two sessions for Victor in Chicago. A studio only group from Louisville, KY comprised of members of separate outfits led by Earl MacDonald and Clifford Hayes. One of the first jug bands to record. Tracks cut include Louisville Stomp; Florida BluesBoodle Am Shake & Carpet Alley Breakdown 

11

  • Willie Mae ‘Big Mama’ Thornton born (Montgomery, AL) American blues and R&B singer, songwriter, drummer, harmonica player. Died 1984

12

  • Dmitri Shostakovich’s Piano Sonata no.1 premiered in St Petersburg

16

  • Jelly Roll Morton’s Red Hot Peppers record a session for Victor in Chicago. Tracks cut include Someday sweetheart; Grandpa’s spells; Original Jelly-Roll; Doctor Jazz stomp & Cannon ball

17

  • Alexander Dmitriyevich Kastalsky (70) dies in Moscow

18

  • Leoš Janáček’s opera Věc Makropulos [The Makropulos Affair] premiered in Brno, lib. Janáček

19

  • Ben Pollack makes his first recordings for Victor. Alumni of his groups include Irving Fazola, Bud Freeman, Benny Goodman, Harry James, Yank Lawson, Jimmy McPartland, Glenn Miller, Benny Morton, Muggsy Spanier and Jack Teagarden

20

  • Red Nichols and his Five Pennies record a session for Brunswick in New York. Tracks cut include Buddy’s Habits & Boneyard Shuffle

25

  • Paul von Klenau’s opera Die Lästerschule [School for Scandal], lib. Rudolph Stephan Hoffmann after Richard Brinsley Sheridan, premiered in Frankfurt

26

  • Earle Brown born (Lunenberg, MA) American composer, theorist, teacher. Died 2002
  • Granville Bantock’s incidental music for Shakespeare’s play Macbeth premiered in London
  • Jean Sibelius’s Tapiola for orchestra premiered in New York
  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ masque On Christmas Night premiered in Chicago, lib. A. Bolm and Vaughan Williams

27

  • Herbert Fields, Lorenz Hart & Richard Rodgers’ musical Peggy-Ann opens on Broadway (333 performances)

28

  • Richard Rodgers, Lorenz Hart, Irving Caesar, D. Freedman and W.A. McGuire’s musical Betsy opens on Broadway (39 performances)

29

  • Duke Ellington and his Kentucky Club Orchestra record a session for Vocalion. Line-up: Bubber Miley, Louis Metcalf (tp) Joe Nanton (tb) Edgar Sampson (as) Otto Hardwicke (as, bars) Duke Ellington (p) Fred Guy (bj) Mack Shaw (tu) Sonny Greer (d). Tracks cut include The Creeper & Immigration Blues

30

  • Stan Tracey born (London) English jazz pianist, composer.

unk

  • Josephine Baker opens her own nightclub in  Paris,  Chez Joséphine

releases

  • Blind Blake – Skeedle Loo Doo Blues / (Come on Boys Let’s Do That) Messin’ Around (Paramount)
  • Duke Ellington and His Kentucky Club Orchestra – East St. Louis Toodle-Oo / Birmingham Breakdown (Vocalion)
  • Jelly Roll Morton’s Red Hot Peppers – Sidewalk Blues / Dead Man Blues (Victor)
  • King Oliver’s Dixie Syncopators – Someday Sweetheart / Dead Man Blues (Vocalion)
  • Bessie Smith – Young Woman’s Blues / Hard Time Blues (Columbia)

Herbert Fields 1897-1958

date unknown

  • Arthur Benjamin appointed piano professor at the Royal College of Music, London, a post he holds until 1939
  • Walford Davies joins the BBC as a classical music broadcaster
  • Arnold Schoenberg appoointed composition teacher at the Prussian Academy of Arts, Berlin
  • Arturo Toscanini appointed principal conductor of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra, a post he holds until 1936

publications

  • J. Rosamond Johnson and James Weldon Johnson’s The Second Book of American Negro Spirituals published

songs published

  • Are You Lonesome Tonight? (Roy Turk, Lou Handman); The Birth Of The Blues (B. G. De Sylva, Lew Brown, Ray Henderson); The Blue Room; The Girl Friend (Lorenz Hart, Richard Rodgers); Charmaine (Lew Pollack, Erno Rapee); Doctor Jazz (Walter Melrose, Joe Oliver); East St Louis Toodle-O (Bubber Miley, Duke Ellington); Fidgety Feet; Someone To Watch Over Me (both George & Ira Gershwin); Heebie Jeebies (Boyd Atkins); If I Could Be With You One Hour Tonight (Henry Creamer, James P. Johnson); Muskrat Ramble (Edward Ory)

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