1931

<1930 1932>

Jan

2

  • Julián Carrillo’s Sonido 13 for orchestra premiered in Mexico City

4

  • Aaron Copland’s Piano Variations premiered in New York

5

  • Alfred Brendel born (Loučná nad Desnou, Czech Rep) Anglo-Austrian classical pianist, poet, writer, artist.
  • Alphonso Son “Dizzy” Reece born (Kingston, Jamaica) Jamaican jazz trumpeter.
  • Benjamin Britten’s A Hymn to the Virgin & The Sycamore Tree for choir premiered in Aldeburgh, Suffolk

6

  • The fifth Sadler’s Wells theatre opens in London (arch. F.G.M. Chancellor)

7

  • Alfred Bruneau’s opera Virginie premiered in Paris. Lib. Henri Duvernois

8

  • Bill Graham aka Wolodia Grajonca born (Berlin) American concert promoter. Died 1991

10

  • Charles Ives’s Orchestral Set no.1: Three Places in New England premiered in New York

12

  • Roland Alphonso born (Havana) Jamaican ska and reggae tenor saxophonist. Member of the Skatalites and the Soul Vendors. Died 1998

14

  • Caterina Valente born (Paris) Italian pop singer, guitarist, dancer, actress.
  • The Jungle Band [Duke Ellington and his Orchestra] record a session for Brunswick in New York. Arthur Whetsol, Cootie Williams, Freddie Jenkins (tp) Joe Nanton, Juan Tizol (tb) Barney Bigard (cl, ts) Johnny Hodges (cl, ss, as) Harry Carney (cl, as, bars) Duke Ellington (p) Fred Guy (bj) Wellman Braud (b) Sonny Greer (d) Bennie Payne (vo). Tracks cut include Rockin’ In Rhythm & Twelfth Street Rag

19

  • Horace Parlan born (Pittsburgh, PA) American jazz pianist, composer. Worked with Charles Mingus, Booker Ervin, Johnny Griffin, Roland Kirk, his own groups and others.

20

  • Reynaldo Hahn’s opera Brummel premiered in Paris. Lib. Robert Dieudonné
  • The Jungle Band [Duke Ellington and his Orchestra] record a session for Brunswick in New York. Arthur Whetsol, Cootie Williams, Freddie Jenkins (tp) Joe Nanton, Juan Tizol (tb) Barney Bigard (cl, ts) Johnny Hodges (cl, ss, as) Harry Carney (cl, as, bars) Duke Ellington (p) Fred Guy (bj) Wellman Braud (b) Sonny Greer (d). Tracks cut include Creole Rhapsody

21

  • Felix Blumenfeld (67) dies in Moscow

22

  • Sam Cooke born (Clarksdale, MS) American soul and Gospel singer, songwriter. Member of the Soul Stirrers and solo artist. Died 1964

23

  • Anna Pavlova (49) dies in Den Haag, Netherlands of pleurisy after refusing an operation that would have meant that she could no longer dance

31

  • Italo Montemezzi’s opera La notte di Zoraima [The night of Zoraima], lib. Mario Ghisalberti, premiered in Milan

releases

  • Blind Blake – Playing Policy Blues / Righteous Blues (Paramount)
  • Cab Calloway and his Orchestra – Yaller / The Viper’s Drag (Perfect)
  • Duke Ellington and his Cotton Club Orchestra – Mood Indigo / When a Black Man’s Blue (Victor)
  • Blind Willie Johnson – The Soul of a Man / Church, I’m Fully Saved To-Day (Columbia)
  • Willie Walker – Dupree Blues / South Carolina Rag (Columbia)

Anna Pavlova 1881-1931

Feb

3

  • The Alabama Washboard Stompers [Washboard Rhythm Kings] record a session for Vocalion. Tracks cut include I Want A Little Girl & You’re Lucky To Me

4

  • Henry Cowell’s Steel and Stone for piano premiered in New York

6

  • Jean Roger-Ducasse’s opera Cantegril premiered in Paris. Lib. Raymond Escholier
  • Kurt Weill’s incidental music for Bertolt Brecht’s play Mann ist Mann premiered in Berlin

7

  • Ion Vidu (67) dies in Lugoj, Romania

9

  • The Charleston Chasers record a session for Columbia, led by Benny Goodman. A Columbia recording-only band whose alumni include Jimmy Dorsey, Tommy Dorsey, Goodman, Gene Krupa, Glenn Miller, Miff Mole, Phil Napoleon, Red Nichols, Pee Wee Russell, Jack Teagarden and Dave Tough. Tracks cut include Basin Street Blues & Beale Street Blues

10

  • Richard Rodgers, Lorenz Hart & Herbert Fields’ musical America’s Sweetheart opens on Broadway (135 performances)

13

  • Arthur Honegger’s Symphony no.1 premiered in Boston

14

  • Olivier Messiaen’s song cycle  Trois mélodies premiered in Paris

16

  • Otis Blackwell born (Brooklyn, NY) American R&B and pop songwriter, pianist, singer. Died 2002

17

  • Henry Eichheim’s Java for orchestra premiered in Los Angeles

19

  • Olivier Messiaen’s Les offrandes oubliées [forgotten offerings] for orchestra premiered in Paris

20

  • Lee Morse & Her Bluegrass Boys record a session for Columbia in New York. Tracks cut include Walkin’ My Baby Back Home & I’ve Got Five Dollars

23

  • Mario Ancona (70) dies in Florence of lung cancer
  • Nellie Melba (69) dies in Sydney of septicaemia

26

  • Jeno Hubay’s opera Az álarc [the mask], lib. Rudolf Spitzer and Sándor Góth, premiered in Budapest

28

  • Jaromír Weinberger’s opera Die geliebte Stimme [The beloved voice], lib. Weinberger, premiered in Munich

unk

  • Skip James makes his first recordings (18 sides) for Paramount in Grafton, WN. Tracks cut include Cherry Ball Blues; Hard Time Killing Floor Blues; Devil Got My Woman; Cypress Grove Blues; I’m So Glad & Special Rider Blues

releases

  • Carter Family – On the Rock Where Moses Stood / Darling Nellie Across the Sea (Victor) 
  • Son House – My Black Mama parts 1 and 2 (Paramount)  
  • Jungle Band [Duke Ellington orchestra] – Rockin’ in Rhythm / Twelfth Street Rag (Brunswick)  
  • Jimmie Rodgers – Blue Yodel No. 8 (Mule Skinner Blues) / Jimmie’s Mean Mama Blues (Victor) 
Lee Morse

Lee Morse 1897-1954

Mar

1

  • Ruth Crawford Seeger’s Diaphonic Suite no.1 for oboe or flute premiered in New York

3

  • Paul Clayton born (New Bedford, MA) American folk singer, songwriter, song collector. Died 1967
  • Cab Calloway and his Orchestra record a session for Brunswick. Tracks cut include Minnie the Moocher & Doin’ the Rhumba
  • John Stafford Smith and Francis Scott Key’s The Star-Spangled Banner ratified as the US National Anthem by President Herbert Hoover

4

  • Eugène Ysaÿe’s opera Pière li houïeu [Peter the miner], lib. Ysaÿe, premiered in Liege

5

  • Dwight Pullen born (Blountsville, AL) American rock singer, songwriter, guitarist. Died 1961
  • Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari’s opera La vedova scaltra [The wily widow] premiered in Rome, lib. M. Ghisalberti

8

  • Lloyd Knibb born (Kingston, Jamaica) Jamaican ska and reggae drummer. Member of the Skatalites. Died 2011
  • Clara Kathleen Rogers (87) dies in Boston, MA

15

  • Dominic Joseph “DJ” Fontana born (Shreveport, LA) American rock drummer, session player. Worked with Elvis Presley.

17

  • Lorraine Ellison born (Philadelphia, PA) American soul singer. Died 1983
  • Karel Velebný born (Prague) Czech jazz pianist, saxophonist, vibraphone player, bandleader, teacher. Died 1989

23

  • Erik Schmedes (62) dies in Vienna

25

  • Vytautas Barkauskas born (Kaunas) Lithuanian composer, teacher.
  • Paul Motian born (Philadelphia, PA) American jazz drummer, bandleader, composer. Worked with Bill Evans, Paul Bley, Keith Jarrett, Charlie Haden and others. Died 2011
  • Tom Wilson born (Waco, TX) American record producer. Worked with with Bob Dylan, Simon and Garfunkel, the Velvet Underground and others. Died 1978

27

  • Blanche Calloway and Her Joy Boys make their first recordings for Timely Tunes (a Victor subsidiary)

30

  • Bing Crosby makes his first solo recordings for Brunswick in Los Angeles. Tracks cut include Out Of Nowhere & If You Should Ever Need Me

unk

  • Columbia (International) Ltd and the Gramophone Company merge to form EMI

releases

  • Cab Calloway and his Orchestra – Minnie the Moocher (The Ho De Ho Song) / Doin’ the Rhumba (Brunswick)  
  • Carter Family – Where Shall I Be? / No More the Moon Shines on Lorena (Victor) 
  • Harlem Footwarmers [Duke Ellington orchestra] – Rockin’ in Rhythm / Old Man Blues (Okeh)  
  • Skip James – Hard Time Killing Floor Blues / Cherry Ball Blues (Paramount) 
  • Fats Waller – Loveless Love / That’s All (Victor)  

Blanche Calloway 1904-78

Apr

3

  • Paul Hindemith’s Konzertmusik op.50 for brass and strings premiered in Boston

4

  • George Whitefield Chadwick (76) dies in Boston, MA
  • Carl Nielsen’s incidental music for N.F.S. Grundtvig’s play Paaske-aften [Easter Eve] premiered in Copenhagen

8

  • Krzysztof Komeda aka Trzciński born (Poznan, Poland) Polish film music composer, jazz pianist. Died 1969
  • Dmitri Shostakovich’s ballet Bolt [The Bolt] premiered in St Petersburg

9

  • Alfredo Silipigni born (Atlantic City, NJ) American conductor. Founder of the New Jersey State Opera in 1965. Died 2006
  • Paul Vidal (67) dies in Paris

10

  • Ernst Krenek’s Durch die Nacht [through the night] for voice and piano premiered in Dresden

13

  • Anton Webern’s Quartet op.22 for clarinet, tenor saxophone, piano and violin premiered in Vienna

14

  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ cantata In Windsor Forest premiered in London

15

  • Aaron Copland’s Dance Symphony premiered in Philadelphia
  • Joe ‘King’ Oliver makes his final recordings for Vocalion in New York

16

  • John Littlejohn born (Lake, MS) American blues guitarist, singer. Died 1994
  • Bohuslav Martinu’s Serenade for chamber orchestra premiered in Paris

17

  • Arthur Lourié’s Symphony no.1: Sinfonia Dialectica premiered in Philadelphia

22

  • Joe Cuba aka Gilberto Miguel Calderón born (New York, NY) American Latin and jazz singer, songwriter, bandleader. Died 2009

24

  • Albéric Magnard’s opera Guercoeur premiered in Paris. Lib. Magnard

25

  • Sergei Prokofiev’s String Quartet No. 1 premiered in Washington, DC

27

  • Maxine Brown born (Campti, LA) American country singer. Member of the Browns with brother Jim Ed (b.1934) and sister Bonnie (b.1937).

29

  • Tony ‘Lonnie’ Donegan born (Glasgow) Scottish jazz, skiffle and pop singer, guitarist, banjo player. Worked with Chris Barber and solo) Died 2002

30

  • Peter La Farge aka Oliver Albee La Farge born (Fountain, CO) American folk singer, songwriter, guitarist. Died 1965
  • Dick Twardzik born (Danvers, MA) American jazz pianist. Died 1955

releases

  • Skip James – 22-20 Blues / If You Haven’t Got Any Hay, Get On Down the Road (Paramount)
  • Jungle Band [Duke Ellington orchestra] – Creole Rhapsody parts 1 and 2 (Brunswick)
  • Jimmie Rodgers – T.B. Blues / Mississippi River Blues (Victor)
hist_krenek_hi

Ernst Krenek 1900-1991

May

2

  • Richard ‘Groove’ Holmes born (Camden, NJ) American jazz organist. Died 1991

3

  • Arthur Honegger’s oratorio Cris du monde [Cries of the world] premiered in Solthurn

4

  • Richard Williams born (Galveston, TX) American jazz trumpeter. Worked with Gigi Gryce, Charles Mingus, Thad Jones and others. Died 1985

7

  • Teresa Brewer born (Toledo, OH) American popular singer. Died 2007

8

  • Bertha Lewis (43) dies of injuries received in a car accident near Cambridge
  • Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco’s opera Bacco in Toscana [Bacchus in Tuscany], lib. Castelnuovo-Tedesco, premiered in Milan

9

  • Jorge Morel born (Buenos Aires) Argentinian classical guitarist, composer.
  • Dmitri Shostakovich’s incidental music for A. Pyotrovsky’s play Prav′, Britaniya [Rule, Britannia] premiered in St Petersburg

11

  • Freddie Roach born (New York, NY) American jazz organist, composer.

12

  • Eugène Ysaÿe (72) dies in Brussels of diabetes

14

  • Alvin Lucier born (Nashua, NH) American composer, sound artist.

15

  • Gian Francesco Malipiero’s opera Torneo notturno [night tournament], lib. Malipiero, premiered in Munich

17

  • Jackie McLean born (New York, NY) American jazz alto-saxophonist, bandleader, teacher. Worked with Miles Davis, Charles Mingus, the Jazz Messengers and his own groups. Died 2006
  • Dewey Redman born (Fort Worth, TX) American jazz tenor saxophonist, bandleader. Worked with Ornette Coleman, Keith Jarrett and others. Father of Josh Redman (b.1969). Died 2006
  • Alois Haba’s opera Die Mutter [the mother], lib. Haba, premiered in Munich

18

  • Mikael Tariverdiev born (Tbilisi, Georgia) Georgian film composer. Died 1996

21

  • Charlie Poole (39) dies in North Carolina following a heart attack caused by excessive alcohol consumption

22

  • Albert Roussel’s ballet Bacchus et Ariane premiered in Paris

23

  • Edward Elgar’s Nursery Suite for orchestra premiered in London at a recording session for HMV

28

  • Eric Von Schmidt born (Westport, CT) American folk singer, songwriter, guitarist. Died 2007

30

  • Arthur Honegger’s operetta La Belle de Moudon premiered in Mézières, lib. R. Morax

releases

  • Cab Calloway and his Orchestra – St. James Infirmary / Nobody’s Sweetheart (Brunswick)
  • Carter Family – Lonesome Valley / The Birds Were Singing of You (Victor)
  • Casa Loma Orchestra – Casa Loma Stomp / Wally Edwards [Sam Lanin] Orchestra – Just a Crazy Song (Okeh)
  • Skip James – Illinois Blues / Yola My Blues Away (Paramount)
  • Blind Willie Johnson – Everybody Ought to Treat a Stranger Right / Go With Me to That Land (Columbia)
  • Charley Jordan – Keep It Clean – No. 2 / You Run and Tell Your Daddy (Vocalion)
  • Peetie Wheatstraw – So Long Blues / Mama’s Advice (Vocalion)
  • Geeshie Wiley – Eagles on a Half / Pick Poor Robin Clean (Paramount)

Aloís Hába 1893-1973

Jun

1

  • Francis Poulenc’s Quatre poèmes de Guillaume Apollinaire for voice and piano & Trois Poèmes de Louise Lalanne for voice and piano premiered in Paris

3

  • George S. Kaufman, Howard Dietz & Arthur Schwartz’s musical The Band Wagon opens on Broadway, starring Fred & Adele Astaire (260 performances)

5

  • Geirr Tveitt’s Piano Concerto no.1 premiered in Leipzig

6

  • Henry Cowell’s Synchrony for orchestra premiered in Paris

7

  • Paul Hindemith’s Konzertstück for trautonium and strings premiered in Munich

9

  • Henrique Oswald (79) dies in Rio de Janeiro

10

  • João Gilberto born (Juazeiro, Brazil) Brazilian Bossa Nova and Latin composer, guitarist.
  • Joe Venuti’s Blue Four record a session for Okeh. Tracks cut include Little Buttercup (I’ll Never Be the Same) & Pardon Me Pretty Baby

11

  • Bessie Smith records a session for Columbia in New York with Louis Metcalf (cor) Charlie Green (tb) Clarence Williams (p) Floyd Casey (d). Tracks cut include In The House Blues; Blue BluesLong Old Road & Shipwreck Blues

12

  • Luigi Dallapiccola’s Due Liriche del Kalevala [Two Lyrics of the Kalevala] for tenor, baritone, chorus and percussion premiered in Florence

14

  • Junior Walker aka Autry DeWalt Mixon born (Blytheville, AR) American R&B and soul singer, saxophonist, bandleader. Died 1995

15

  • Virgil Thomson’s Stabat mater for soprano and string quartet & String Quartet no.1 premiered in Paris

16

  • Ivo Petrić born (Ljubljana) Slovenian composer, conductor.
  • Duke Ellington and his Cotton Club Orchestra record a session for Victor in Camden, NJ. Arthur Whetsol, Cootie Williams, Freddie Jenkins (tp) Joe Nanton, Juan Tizol (tb) Barney Bigard (cl, ts) Johnny Hodges (cl, ss, as) Harry Carney (cl, as, bars) Duke Ellington (p) Fred Guy (bj) Wellman Braud (b) Sonny Greer (d). Tracks cut include Limehouse Blues & Echoes Of The Jungle 

18

  • Fanny Holland (83) dies in Bournemouth

20

  • Arne Nordheim born (Larvik, Norway) Norwegian composer. Died 2010
  • Nellie Stewart (72) dies in Melbourne

21

  • Jimmy Blythe (30) dies in Chicago of meningitis

23

  • Arthur Honegger’s ballet Amphion premiered in Paris

26

  • Lucien Goethals born (Ghent, Belgium) Belgian composer, teacher. Died 2006

30

  • Andrew Hill born (Chicago, IL) American jazz pianist, composer. Died 2007
  • James Loughran born (Glasgow) Scottish conductor.

releases

  • Son House – Clarksdale Moan / Mississippi Country Farm Blues (Paramount)
  • Skip James – How Long Buck / Little Cow and Calf Is Gonna Die Blues (Paramount)

Geirr Tveitt 1908-81

Jul

1

  • Leslie Caron born (Boulogne-sur-Seine, France) French actress, dancer.
  • The Ziegfeld Follies of 1931 Broadway revue opens (165 performances)

4

  • Buddie Petit (41) dies in New Orleans
  • Olivier Messiaen’s cantata L’Ensorceleuse [The Sorceress] premiered in Paris

5

  • Constant Lambert’s overture The Bird Actors premiered in London
  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’s masque Job premiered in London, lib. G. Keynes and G. Raverat

6

  • Della Reese aka Delloreese Patricia Early born (Detroit) American actress, singer, television personality, minister.

12

  • André Laporte born (Tienen, Belgium) Belgian composer, teacher.

17

  • Leitão de Barros’s biopic of fado singer Maria Severa Onofriana, A Severa, opens – the first Portuguese talking picture.

18

  • Papa Dee Allen born (Wimington, DE) American funk and soul percussionist, multi-instrumentalist. Member of War.

21

  • Sonny Clark born (Elizabeth, PA) American jazz pianist. Died 1963
  • Plas Johnson born (Donaldson, LA) American R&B and pop saxophonist, session musican. Worked with Charles Brown, Johnny Otis, Henry Mancini, B Bumble & the Singers and many others.

23

  • Jimmy Harrison (31) dies in New York of stomach cancer

26

  • Fred Foster born (Rutherford Co, NC) American songwriter, record producer, record executive. Founder of Monument Records.

31

  • Kenny Burrell born (Detroit, MI) American jazz guitarist, composer, bandleader, teacher.

releases

  • Duke Ellington and his Cotton Club Orchestra – Limehouse Blues / Echoes of the Jungle (Victor)
  • Skip James – Devil Got My Woman / Cypress Grove Blues (Paramount)
  • Bessie Smith – In the House Blues / Blue Blues (Columbia)

Helen Morgan (1900-41), star of the Ziegfeld Follies of 1931

Aug

1

  • Lloyd Brevett born (Kingston, Jamaica) Jamaican ska and reggae bassist. Member of the Skatalites. Died 2012
  • Ramblin’ Jack Elliott aka Elliot Charles Adnopoz born (Brooklyn, NY) American folk singer, guitarist.

4

  • Marie Wittich (63) dies in Dresden

6

  • Bix Beiderbecke (28) dies on Long Island, NY of an alcohol-related illness

14

  • Carl Nielsen’s Commotio op.58 for organ premiered in Aarhus, Denmark

20

  • Waldemar von Baußnern (64) dies in Potsdam, Germany

21

  • César Thomson (74) dies in Lugano, Switzerland

26

  • Heinrich Grünfeld (76) dies in Berlin

releases

  • Carter Family – Can’t Feel at Home / When I’m Gone (Victor)  
  • Skip James – I’m So Glad / Special Rider Blues (Paramount) 
  • Ethel Waters – Shine On, Harvest Moon / River, Stay ‘Way From My Door (Columbia)  
Ethel Waters - Shine On, Harvest Moon (Columbia)

Ethel Waters – Shine On, Harvest Moon (Columbia)

Sep

2

  • Clifford Jordan born (Chicago, IL) American jazz tenor saxophonist, bandleader. Worked with Paul Chambers, Max Roach, Charles Mingus and others. Died 1993

3

  • Franz Schalk (68) dies in Vienna
  • Charles Ives’s A Symphony: New England Holidays – I Washington’s Birthday premiered in San Francisco

4

  • Mitzi Gaynor aka Francesca Marlene de Czanyi von Gerber born (Chicago) American actress, singer, dancer.

5

  • Richie Powell born (New York, NY) American jazz pianist. Worked with Clifford Brown and Max Roach. Brother of Bud Powell (1924-66). Died 1956

7

  • Makanda Ken McIntyre born (Boston, MA) American jazz alto saxophonist, multi-instrumentalist, composer, arranger. Worked with Cecil Taylor and others. Died 2001

8

  • Marion Brown born (Atlanta, GA) American alto-saxophonist, musicologist, bandleader, composer. Worked with John Coltrane and Archie Shepp. Died 2010
  • Joseph Tabrar (73) dies in London
  • Gustav Holst’s A Choral Fantasia for choir and orchestra premiered in Gloucester

12

  • George Jones born (Saratoga, TX) American country singer, songwriter, guitarist.

16

  • Jan Johansson born (Söderhamn, Sweden) Swedish jazz pianist, composer. Died 1968
  • Little Willie Littlefield born (El Campo, TX) American blues pianist, singer.

17

  • Frederick Delius’s tone poem A Song of Summer premiered in London

19

  • Brook Benton aka Benjamin Franklin Peay born (Camden, SC) American R&B singer, songwriter. Died 1988

23

  • Cab Calloway and his Orchestra record a session for Brunswick. Tracks cut include Bugle Call Rag & You Rascal You

24

  • Anthony Newley born (London) English popular singer, actor, songwriter. Died 1999
  • The Don Redman Orchestra make their first recordings for Brunswick. Alumni include Red Allen, Sidney de Paris, Horace Henderson and Benny Morton. Tracks cut include Chant of the Weed

26

  • George Chambers born (Flora, MS) American funk, soul and rock bassist, singer. Member of the Chambers Brothers. Brother of Joe (b.1942), Lester (b.1940) and Willie (b.1938) Chambers.
  • Harry Macdonough (60) dies in New York

28

  • John Gilmore born (Summit, MS) American jazz tenor saxophonist. Member of the Sun Ra Arkestra. Died 1995
  • Sylvain Dupuis (74) dies in Bruges

unk

  • Olivier Messiaen appointed organist at the church of La Trinité, Paris, a post he holds until his death in 1992
  • The Paul Whiteman Orchestra returns to Victor Records from Columbia

releases

  • Jimmie Rodgers – Blue Yodel No. 9 (Standin’ on the Corner) / Looking for a New Mama (Victor)
  • Bukka White – The New ‘Frisco Train / The Panama Limited (Victor)

Don Redman 1900-64

Oct

1

  • Sylvano Bussotti born (Florence) Italian composer, painter, writer, film director, actor, singer.

2

  • Dmitri Shostakovich’s incidental music for V. Voyevodin and Ye. Rïss’s play Uslovno ubitïy [Declared Dead] premiered in St Petersburg

3

  • Carl Nielsen (66) dies in Copenhagen from angina

8

  • Luigi von Kunits (61) dies in Toronto
  • Sam Collins makes his final recordings (as Salty Dog Sam) in New York for Banner
  • William Walton’s oratorio Belshazzar’s Feast premiered in Leeds

9

  • Carl Nielsen’s funeral takes place in Copenhagen

11

  • Lester Bowie born (Frederick, MD) American jazz trumpeter, flugelhorn player, bandleader, composer. Member of the Art Ensemble of Chicago and led Brass Fantasy. Died 1999

12

  • The Mills Brothers make their first recordings for Brunswick. John Jr (vo, g) Herbert, Donald, Harry (vo). All instrumental sounds on the tracks were simulated vocally by the quartet except for the guitar. Tracks cut include Tiger Rag & Nobody’s Sweetheart
  • Sergei Rachmaninoff’s Piano Sonata no.2 & Variations on a Theme of Corelli for piano premiered in Montreal
  • Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s Concert Overture in c premiered in Voronezh, Russia

13

  • Henry Cowell’s Chiaroscuro for orchestra premiered in Guatemala City

15

  • Jerome Kern & Otto Harbach’s musical The Cat and the Fiddle opens on Broadway (395 performances)

18

  • Thomas Alva Edison (84) dies in West Orange, NJ of complications of diabetes

20

  • Emánuel Moór (68) dies in Chardonne, Switzerland

21

  • Barbecue Bob Hicks (29) dies in Lithonia, GA of influenza

22

  • Hikaru Hayashi born (Tokyo) Japanese composer, pianist, conductor, writer. Die 2012
  • Joe Venuti and Eddie Lang record a session for Vocalion. Tracks cut include Farewell Blues; Someday, Sweetheart; Beale Street Blues & After You’ve Gone

23

  • Blind Willie McTell (as Blind Sammie) records a session for Columbia accompanied by Ruthy Kate Williams (billed as Ruth Day), her first recordings. Tracks cut include Broke Down Engine Blues & Southern Can Is Mine
  • Igor Stravinsky’s Violin Concerto premiered in Berlin

24

  • Sofia Gubaidulina born (Chistopol, Russia) Russian composer.
  • Robert Russell Bennett’s Abraham Lincoln Symphony premiered in Philadelphia

27

  • Ludvík Čelanský (61) dies in Prague
  • Ernst Krenek’s Die Nachtigall [the nightingale] for soprano, 2 flutes and strings premiered in Bern

28

  • William Grant Still’s Afro-American Symphony premiered in Rochester, NY

29

  • Luciano Gallet (38) dies in Rio de Janeiro
  • Ernst Krenek’s Thema und 13 Variationen op.69 for orchestra premiered in New York
  • Emil von Reznicek’s opera Der Gondoliere des Dogen [The Doge’s gondelier], lib. Paul Knudsen, premiered in Stuttgart

31

  • David Lumsdaine born (Sydney) Australian composer, teacher.

unk

  • Bumble Bee Slim makes his first recordings for Paramount in Grafton, WN. Tracks cut include No Woman No Nickel
  • Don Redman leaves McKinney’s Cotton Pickers to form his own big band

releases

  • Blind Willie Johnson – Sweeter as the Years Roll By / Take Your Stand (Columbia)

Luciano Gallet 1893-1931

Nov

2

  • Phil Woods born (Springfield, MA) American jazz alto saxophonist, clarinetist, bandleader, composer.

3

  • Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra record the first of four sessions in as many days for Okeh in Chicago. Louis Armstrong (tp, vo) Zilner Randolph (tp) Preston Jackson (tb) Lester Boone (cl, as) George James (reeds) Albert Washington (cl, ts) Charlie Alexander (p) Mike McKendrick (bj, g) John Lindsay (b) Tubby Hall (d). Tracks cut include Stardust; Wrap Your Troubles In Dreams; Lazy River; Georgia On My Mind; Chinatown, My Chinatown; I Got Rhythm & You Can Depend On Me

4

  • Buddy Bolden (54) dies in an asylum in Jackson, LA where he had been living since 1907 after his diagnosis of schizophrenia

5

  • Harold McNair born (Kingston, Jamaica) Jamaican jazz saxophonist, flautist, bandleader, session player. Died 1971
  • Ike Turner born (Clarkesdale, MS) American R&B guitarist, singer, songwriter, record producer. Led the Kings of Rhythm and worked with wife Tina Turner. Died 2007

8

  • George Maciunas born (Kaunas, Lithuania) Lithuanian-American avant-garde artist, theorist. Founding member of Fluxus. Died 1978

12

  • The HMV studio in Abbey Road, London opens with Edward Elgar conducting a recording of Falstaff
  • Hand Pfitzner’s opera Das Herz [the heart] premiered simultaneously in Berlin and Munich, lib. H. Mahner-Mons

13

  • Paul Graener’s opera Friedemann Bach premiered in Schwerin, Germany. Lib. Rudolf Spitzer

14

  • Arnold Bax’s Northern Ballade No. 1 for orchestra premiered in Glasgow

16

  • Bob Gibson born (Brooklyn, NY) American folk singer, songwriter, guitarist. Died 1996
  • Hubert Sumlin born (Greenwood, MS) American blues guitarist, singer. Worked with Howlin’ Wolf, Muddy Waters and solo. Died 2011

17

  • Georgi Atanasov (49) dies in Fasana, Lago di Garda, Italy

19

  • Frederic Cliffe (74) dies in London
  • Arnold Bax’s Overture to a Picaresque Comedy premiered in Berlin

21

  • Malcolm Williamson born (Sydney) Australian composer. Master of the Queen’s Music from 1975 to 2003. Died 2003
  • Paul Hindemith’s oratorio Das Unaufhörliche [the ceaseless] premiered in Munich

22

  • Ferde Grofé’s Grand Canyon Suite premiered in Chicago by the Paul Whiteman Orchestra

23

  • Béla Bartók’s orchestral suite A fából faragott királyfi [The Wooden Prince] premiered in Budapest

24

  • Tommy Allsup born (Owasso, OK) American country guitarist, session player, record producer. Worked with Buddy Holly, Bob Wills, Willie Nelson, Roy Orbison and others.

25

  • Nat Adderley born (Tampa, FL) American jazz trumpeter, cornetist. Worked with Lionel Hampton, Adderley Brothers Quintet, Cannonball Adderley Quintet. Brother of Julian “Cannonball” Adderley (1928-75). Died 2000
  • Leonora Braham (78) dies in London
  • Gustav Holst’s Hammersmith: Prelude and Scherzo for orchestra premiered in London

28

  • Most of the auditorium of the Teatro Comunale di Bologna is destroyed by fire, closing the theatre for four years

29

  • Steve Benbow born (London) English folk guitarist, singer, broadcaster, record producer. Died 2006
  • Arnold Schoenberg’s Six Pieces for male chorus op.35 premiered in Frankfurt

releases

  • Blind Blake – Rope Stretchin’ Blues parts 1 and 2 (Paramount)
  • Blind Sammie [Willie McTell] – Broke Down Engine Blues / Southern Can Is Mine (Columbia)
  • Cab Calloway and his Orchestra – Kickin’ the Gong Around / Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea (Brunswick)
  • Carter Family – My Old Cottage Home / Lonesome For You (Victor)
  • Skip James – Four O’Clock Blues / Hard Luck Child (Paramount)
  • Mills Brothers – Tiger Rag / Nobody’s Sweetheart (Brunswick)
Schoenberg1

Arnold Schoenberg 1874-1951

Dec

1

  • Jimmy Lyons born (Jersey City, NJ) American jazz alto saxophonist, teacher. Worked with Cecil Taylor. Died 1986
  • Arthur Benjamin’s opera The Devil Take Her premiered in London. Lib. Alan Collard and John B. Gordon

2

  • Wynton Kelly born (Kingston, Jamaica) Jamaican-American jazz pianist, bandleader. Worked with Dinah Washington, Charles Mingus and Miles Davis. Died 1971
  • Vincent d’Indy (80) dies in Paris

10

  • Makoto Shinohara born (Osaka) Japanese composer.

11

  • Benny Spellman born (New Orleans, LA) American R&B singer. Died 2011
  • Dmitri Kabalevsky’s Piano Concerto No. 1 premiered in Moscow

13

  • Bohuslav Martinu’s Concerto for cello and orchestra no.1 premiered in Berlin

14

  • Phineas Newborn, Jr. born (Whiteville, TN) American jazz pianist. Died 1989

15

  • Igor Markevitch’s Rébus for orchestra premiered in Paris

16

  • Shelby Singleton born (Waskom, TX) Record producer. Founder of SSS International and Plantation Records. Died 2009
  • Paul Bowles’s Sonata for Oboe and Clarinet premiered in New York

18

  • Allen Klein born (Newark, NJ) American record executive, manager, lawyer. Founder of ABKCO Records. Died 2009
  • Constant Lambert’s Concerto for piano and 9 players premiered in London

20

  • Giacinto Scelsi’s Rotavita for three pianos, woodwind and percussion premiered in Paris

24

  • Ray Bryant born (Philadelphia, PA) American jazz pianist, composer. Died 2011
  • Mauricio Kagel born (Buenos Aires) Argentinian-German composer. Died 2008

25

  • James P. Johnson, Charles Tazewell and Jo Trent’s musical Sugar Hill premiered in New York

26

  • George and Ira Gershwin, George S. Kaufman & Morrie Ryskind’s musical Of Thee I Sing opens on Broadway (441 performances)

27

  • Scotty Moore born (Gadsden, TN) American rock guitarist, producer, engineer. Worked with Elvis Presley.
  • Agustarello Affré (73) dies in Cagnes-sur-Mer, France
  • Charles Ives’s A Symphony: New England Holidays – II Decoration Day premiered in Havana

30

  • Skeeter Davis aka Mary Frances Penick born (Dry Ridge, KY) American country and pop singer. Died 2004

unk

  • William Alwyn’s Piano Concerto No.1 premiered in Bournemouth

releases

  • Carter Family – Let the Church Roll On / Room in Heaven for Me (Victor)
  • Skip James – Jesus Is a Mighty Good Leader / Be Ready When He Comes (Paramount)
  • Mills Brothers – You Rascal You / Baby, Won’t You Please Come Home (Brunswick)

Paul Bowles 1910-99

date unknown

releases

  • Aunt Molly Jackson – Kentucky Miner’s Wife parts 1 and 2 (Columbia)

songs published

  • All of Me (Seymour Simons, Gerald Marks); As Time Goes By (Herman Hupfeld); Blues In My Heart (Irving Mills, Benny Carter); Brother, Can You Spare a Dime? (E. Y. Harburg, Jay Gorney); Dancing In The Dark (Howard Dietz, Arthur Schwartz); Dream a Little Dream of Me (Gus Kahn, Fabian Andre, Wilbur Schwandt); Mad Dogs And Englishmen (Noel Coward); Prisoner Of Love (Leo Robin, Russ Columbo, Clarence Gaskill); That’s My Desire (Carroll Loveday, Helmy Kresa); Underneath The Arches (Reg Connelly, Bud Flanagan); When Your Lover Has Gone (E. A. Swan); Wrap Your Troubles In Dreams (Ted Koehler, Billy Moll, Harry Barris)
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