1935

<19341936>

Jan

1

  • Felix von Weingartner appointed superintendent of the Vienna State Opera

4

  • The Ink Spots cut their first sides for RCA-Victor in Camden, NJ. Tracks cut include Your Feet’s Too BigSwinging On The Strings

5

  • Fats Waller records a session in Camden, NJ for RCA-Victor. Tracks cut include Night Wind & I Believe in Miracles

8

  • Elvis Presley born (Tupelo, MS) American pop and rock singer, actor. Died 1977

10

  • Ronnie Hawkins born (Huntsville, AR) American rockabilly singer, songwriter.
  • Sherrill Milnes born (Downers Grove, IL) American baritone singer.

11

  • Marcella Sembrich (76) dies in New York

15

  • Lucien Fugère (86) dies in Paris

16

  • Richard Wetz (59) dies in Erfurt, Germany of lung cancer
  • Pietro Mascagni’s opera Nerone premiered in Milan, lib. G. Targioni-Tozzetti

19

  • Owsley Stanley aka Bear born (Georgetown, DC) American LSD manufacturer, sound engineer for the Grateful Dead. Died 2011

23

  • Lead Belly makes his first commercial recordings for ARC in New York. Nearly 20 tracks are recorded over 2 days including Packin’ Trunk; Becky Deem, She Was A Gamblin’ Girl; Honey, I’m All Out And Down; Four Day Worry Blues; Roberta; Death Letter Blues; Kansas City Papa; Fort Worth And Dallas Blues; You Don’t Know My Mind & Ox Drivin’ Blues

24

  • Samuel Barber’s incidental music for M. Kennedy’s play One Day of Spring premiered in Winter Park, FL

28

  • Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov (75) dies in Moscow

30

  • Edward Brian “Tubby” Hayes born (London) English jazz tenor saxophonist, multi-instrumentalist. Died 1973

31

  • Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco’s Cello concerto premiered in New York

releases

  • Benny Goodman and his Orchestra – Blue Moon / Throwin’ Stones at the Sun (Columbia)
  • Ink Spots – Your Feet’s Too Big / Swinging On The Strings (RCA Victor)
Richard Wetz  1875-1935

Richard Wetz 1875-1935

Feb

2

  • Clara Smith (40) dies in Detroit of heart failure

3

  • Johnny “Guitar” Watson born (Houston, TX) American R&B guitarist, singer, songwriter. Died 1996

5

  • Alex Harvey born (Glasgow) Scottish rock singer, songwriter. Led the Sensational Alex Harvey Band. Died 1982

6

  • Gustav Holst’s Hammersmith Prelude and Scherzo op.52 for military band premiered in London

9

  • Olivier Messiaen’s L’Ascension, Quatre Méditations symphoniques [the ascension, four symphonic meditations] premiered in Paris

10

  • Theodore Antoniou born (Athens) Greek conductor, composer.
  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ The Pilgrim Pavement for soprano, chorus and orchestra premiered in New York

11

  • Bent Lorentzen born (Stenvad, Denmark) Danish composer.
  • Gene Vincent aka Vincent Eugene Craddock born (Norfolk, VA) American rock singer, guitarist, songwriter. Died 1971

12

  • Eugene McDaniels born (Kansas City, MO) American R&B and soul singer, songwriter. Died 2011

15

  • Bohuslav Martinu’s String Trio no.2 premiered in Paris

16

  • Salvatore Phillip “Sonny” Bono born (Detroit, MI) American pop singer, actor, politician. Worked with Cher [Sarkisian] as Sonny and Cher. Died 1998

18

  • Ciarán Bourke born (Dublin) Irish folk tin whistle player, guitarist, singer. Member of the Dubliners. Died 1988

19

  • Alexander von Zemlinsky’s Sinfonietta op.23 premiered in Prague

23

  • Bohuslav Martinů’s opera Hry o Marii [The Plays of Mary] premiered in Brno, lib. V. Nezval

24

  • Nikolai Myaskovsky’s Symphony No. 14 premiered in Moscow

25

  • RCA Victor begins three days of intense recording for its Bluebird subsidiary in Chicago cutting sessions by Frank Blackwell, Bill Broonzy, Leroy Carr (his last), Walter Davis, Amos Easton, Dad Stovepipe, Tampa Red, Henry Townsend and Joe Williams
  • Leroy Carr makes his final recordings for Bluebird in Chicago. Tracks cut include Rocks In My Bed & Big Four Blues
  • Big Joe Williams makes his first recordings for Bluebird in Chicago. Tracks cut include Highway 49 Blues & Stepfather Blues

26

  • Georges Bizet’s Symphony in C premiered posthumously in Basel

27

  • Mirella Freni born (Modena) Italian soprano singer.
  • Victor Schertzinger and Gus Kahn’s music for Victor Schertzinger’s film One Night of Love wins the best score Oscar at the 7th Academy Awards

28

  • Chiquinha Gonzaga (87) dies in Rio de Janeiro

releases

  • Dorsey Brothers’ Orchestra – Lullaby of Broadway / The Words Are in My Heart (Decca)
  • Dorsey Brothers’ Orchestra – Night Wind / Dinah (Decca)
  • Jimmie Lunceford and his Orchestra – Rhythm Is Our Business / Star Dust (Decca)
TampaRed

Tampa Red 1904-1981

Mar

4

  • Nancy Whiskey aka Anne Wilson born (Glasgow) Scottish folk and skiffle singer. Died 2003
  • Arthur Honegger’s Radio-Panoramique premiered on Radio Geneva, a ‘musical present’ celebrating the station’s tenth anniversary

5

  • George Antheil’s ballet Dreams premiered in New York
  • Bessie Jackson [Lucille Bogan] records a s session for Banner in New York. Tracks cut include Shave ’em Dry & Barbeque Bess. An infamously unexpurgated version of the former was also cut which surfaced many years later.
  • Darius Milhaud’s Quatre romances sans paroles op.129 [four songs without words] for piano premiered on Radio Luxembourg

8

  • George Coleman born (Memphis, TN) American jazz saxophonist, composer, bandleader. Worked with Miles Davis, Jimmy Smith, Max Roach, Duke Pearson and others.
  • William A. Seiter’s film Roberta opens, starring Fred Astaire, Ginger Rogers, Irene Dunne & Randolph Scott. Music by Jerome Kern, Otto Harbach and Max Steiner.
  • Joaquín Turina’s Danzas gitanas op.84 [gypsy dances] for piano premiered in Madrid

13

  • Margie Hendricks born (Statesboro, GA) American soul and R&B singer. Worked with Ray Charles’ Raelettes. Died 1973

14

  • Paul Graener’s opera Der Prinz von Homburg [the Prince from Homburg]. lib. Graener, premiered in Berlin

15

  • Joseph Schuster plays his first concert in New York with the New York Philharmonic

21

  • Erich Kunzel born (New York) American conductor. Died 2009
  • Darius Milhaud’s Concertino de printemps op.135 [Spring concertino] for violin and chamber orchestra premiered in Paris

22

  • Gavriil Nikolayevich Popov’s Symphony No.1 premiered in St Petersburg. It is banned the following day for reflecting ‘the ideology of classes hostile to us’ and remained so until 1972

23

  • Reynaldo Hahn’s operetta Malvina, lib. Maurice Donnay and Henri Duvernois premiered in Paris

24

  • Samuel Barber’s Music for a Scene from Shelley for orchestra premiered in New York

25

  • Johnny Pacheco born (Santiago, Dominican Rep) Dominican bandleader, musician, record producer. Led the Fania All Stars. Co-founded Fania Records.
  • Reynaldo Hahn’s opera Le Marchand de Venise [the merchant of Venice], lib. Miguel Zamacoïs after Shakespeare, premiered in Paris
  • Ernst Krenek’s Vier kleine Männerchöre [Four small male choirs] premiered in Vienna

27

  • Hilding Rosenberg’s Symphony no.2 premiered in Gothenburg

29

  • Ruby Murray born (Belfast) Irish popular singer. Died 1996

30

  • Gordon Mumma born (Framingham, MA) American composer, writer, teacher, electronic musician, horn player.

31

  • Herb Alpert born (Los Angeles, CA) American trumpeter, composer, bandleader, record producer, co-founder of A&M Records.
  • Yasunao Tone born (Tokyo) Japanese experimental musician, composer.

unk

  • The Charioteers make their first recordings for Decca

releases

  • Benny Goodman and his Orchestra – Night Wind / Clouds (Columbia)
  • Lead Belly – New Black Snake Moan / Four Day Worry Blues (Banner)
  • Lead Belly – Packin’ Trunk Blues / Honey, I’m All Down and Out (Banner)
  • Pinewood Tom [Josh White] – Milk Cow Blues / Black Gal (Melotone)
  • Fats Waller and his Rhythm – I Ain’t Got Nobody (And Nobody Cares for Me) / Oh Susanna, Dust Off That Old Piana (Victor)
  • Fats Waller and his Rhythm – Pardon My Love / What’s the Reason (I’m Not Pleasin’ You) (Victor)

The Charioteers

Apr

1

  • Eric Lewis (79) dies in Margate, Kent

3

  • Francis Poulenc’s Cinq poèmes d’Eluard [Five poems by Eluard] for voice and piano premiered in Paris

4

  • François-Bernard Mâche born (Clermont-Ferrand, France) French composer, writer.
  • Bennie Moten (40) dies in Kansas City after a botched tonsillectomy

5

  • Peter Grant born (South Norwood) English band manager. Worked with Led Zeppelin. Died 1995

7

  • Bobby Bare born (Ironton, OH) American country singer, songwriter.

8

  • Bela Bartók’s String Quartet No. 5 is premiered in Washington, DC
  • Robert Russell Bennett’s opera Maria Malibran, lib. Robert Simon, premiered in New York

9

  • Aulis Sallinen born (Salmi, Finland) Finnish composer, music administrator.

10

  • Virgil Thomson’s Mass for Two-Part Chorus and Percussion premiered in New York
  • Georgia White makes her first solo recordings for Decca in Chicago
  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Symphony No. 4 premiered in London

11

  • Richard Berry born (Extension, LA) American R&B singer, songwriter, pianist. Died 1997

15

  • The first Hammond Electric Organ is demonstrated publicly in New York, played by Pietro Yon, the organist at St Patrick’s cathedral

16

  • Bobby Vinton born (Canonsburg, PA) American popular singer, multi-instrumentalist.
  • Victor Ewald (74) dies in St Petersburg

18

  • Paul A. Rothchild born (Brooklyn, NY) American record producer. Died 1995

19

  • Reuben Wilson born (Mounds, OK) American jazz organist.

20

  • Ran Blake born (Springfield, MA) American classical, jazz and avant-garde pianist, composer.
  • Herbie Phillips born (Lincoln, NE) American jazz trumpeter, composer, arranger. Worked with Buddy Rich, Buddy Morrow and others. Died 1995
  • Your Hit Parade, a music radio show, is broadcast by NBC Radio for the first time

22

  • Paul Chambers born (Pittsburgh, PA) American jazz bassist, bandleader. Worked with Miles Davis, Wynton Kelly, John Coltrane, Red Garland and many others. Died 1969

23

  • Vernice “Bunky” Green born (Milwaukee, WN) American jazz saxophonist, bandleader, teacher. Worked with Elvin Jones, Clark Terry, Sonny Stitt and others.
  • Aram Khachaturian’s Symphony No. 1 premiered in Moscow

24

  • Paul Klengel (80) dies in Leipzig

28

  • Alexander Mackenzie (87) dies in London

29

  • Otis Rush born (Philadelphia, PA) American blues singer, guitarist.
  • Leroy Carr (30) dies in Indianapolis, probably of nephritis

30

  • Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra record a session for Brunswick in New York. Rex Stewart (cor) Cootie Williams, Charlie Allen (tp) Lawrence Brown, Joe Nanton, Juan Tizol (tb) Barney Bigard (cl, ts) Johnny Hodges, Otto Hardwicke (as, ss) Harry Carney (as, cl, bars) Duke Ellington (p) Fred Guy (g) Hayes Alvis, Billy Taylor (b) Fred Avendorf (d). Tracks cut include In A Sentimental Mood & Showboat Shuffle

unk

  • Ella Fitzgerald joins the Chick Webb Orchestra
  • Woody Guthrie’s self-publishes his first songbook – Alonzo M. Zilch’s Own Collection of Original Songs and Ballads
  • George McKay’s Epoch: An American Dance Symphony premiered in Seattle

releases

  • Fats Waller – Viper’s Drag / Clothes-Line Ballet (Victor)  
carr

Leroy Carr 1905-1935

May

1

  • The Federal Music Project is organised by the Roosevelt Administration to provide work for unemployed musicians

2

  • Ivor Novello & Christopher Hassall’s musical Glamorous Night opens in London (243 performances)

3

  • Charles Manners (77) dies in Dublin

4

  • Ildebrando Pizzetti’s opera Orsèolo premiered in Florence. Lib. Pizzetti

5

  • Edward “Kidd” Jordan born (Crowley, LA) American jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, session player, teacher.
  • William Grant Still’s Kaintuck premiered in Los Angeles

6

  • André Jolivet’s Trois poèmes pour ondes Martenot et piano [Three poems for piano and ondes Martenot] premiered in Paris

10

  • Larry Williams born (New Orleans, LA) American R&B singer, songwriter, pianist. Died 1980

11

  • Karol Szymanowski’s ballet Harnasie premiered in Prague

12

  • Gary Peacock born (Burley, ID) American jazz bassist, bandleader. Worked with Keith Jarrett, Paul Bley, Albert Ayler, Bill Evans and others.

13

  • Nigel Butterley born (Sydney) Australian composer, pianist.

15

  • David Diamond’s Eight Piano Pieces for Children premiered in Rochester, NY

16

  • Leopold Lichtenberg (73) dies in Brooklyn, NY

17

  • Paul Dukas (69) dies in Paris

18

  • Arnold Schoenberg’s Suite for Strings premiered in Los Angeles

19

  • Cecil McBee born (Tulsa, OK) American jazz bassist, bandleader. Worked with Jackie McLean, Charles Lloyd, Pharoah Sanders, Chico Freeman and many others.
  • Charles Martin Loeffler (74) dies in Medford, MA

20

  • Dino Saluzzi born (Campo Santo, Argentina) Argentine composer, bandoneon player, percussionist, flautist, bandleader.

21

  • Darius Milhaud’s String Quartet no.9 premiered in Paris

25

  • Heitor Villa-Lobos’s ballet Uirapuru premiered in Buenos Aires

27

  • Mal Evans born (Liverpool) English road manager, record producer. Worked with the Beatles and Apple. Died 1976
  • Ramsey Lewis born (Chicago, IL) American jazz pianist, composer, bandleader, broadcaster.

29

  • Josef Suk (61) dies in Benesov, Czech Rep

30

  • Tommy Dorsey walks out on the Dorsey Brothers Orchestra during a show at Glen Island Casino near New Rochelle, NY after a row with his brother Jimmy

31

  • Albert Heath born (Philadelphia, PA) American jazz drummer, teacher, bandleader. Worked with Art Farmer, Yusef Lateef and others. Brother of Percy (1923-2005) and Jimmy (b.1926) Heath.
  • Hiroshi Wakasugi born (New York) Japanese conductor. Died 2009

releases

  • Benny Goodman and his Orchestra – Japanese Sandman / Always (Victor)
  • Cripple Clarence Lofton – Strut That Thing / Monkey Man Blues (Vocalion)
  • Blind Willie McTell – Ticket Agent Blues / Bell Street Blues (Decca)
  • Memphis Minnie – Sylvester and His Mule Blues / When You’re Asleep (Decca)
  • Fats Waller and his Rhythm – I’m Gonna Sit Right Down and Write Myself a Letter / You’ve Been Taking Lessons in Love (Victor)
Josef Suk 1874-1935

Josef Suk 1874-1935

Jun

1

  • Ray Noble’s orchestra play their first American show at the Rainbow Room, New York with Glenn Miller on trombone

3

  • Ted Curson born (Philadelphia, PA) American jazz trumpeter, bandleader. Worked with Charles Mingus and others. Died 2012

4

  • Dmitri Shostakovich’s ballet Svetlïy ruchey [The Limpid Stream] premiered in St Petersburg

5

  • Misha Mengelberg born (Kiev) Dutch pianist, composer, teacher.

6

  • Grant Green born (St Louis, MO) American jazz guitarist, composer, bandleader. Died 1979
  • Jacques Urlus (68) dies in Noordwijk, Netherlands during surgery

7

  • Henry Cowell’s incidental music for R.E. Welles’s play Fanati premiered in Palo Alto, CA

9

  • Manuel de Falla’s incidental music for F. Lope de Vega’s play La vuelta de Egipto [The return of Egypt] premiered in Granada

11

  • Chuck Barksdale born (Chicago, IL) American R&B and soul singer. Member of the Dells.

12

  • Ella Fitzgerald makes her first recordings for Decca in New York with the Chick Webb Orchestra. Ella Fitzgerald (vo) Edgar Sampson (as) Pete Clark (as, cl) Elmer Williams (ts) Wayman Carver (ts, fl) Teddy McRae (bars) Bobby Stark, Mario Bauza, Taft Jordan (tp) Claude Jones, Sandy Williams (tb) Chauncey Haughton (cl) John Trueheart (g, bjo) Joe Steele (p) John Kirby (b) Chick Webb (d). Tracks cut include I’ll Chase The Blues Away & Love And Kisses

19

  • Vi Subversa aka Frances Sansom born (London) English rock singer, guitarist, feminist activist. Member of the Poison Girls.
  • Emmanuel Bondeville’s opera L’École des maris [The School for Husbands], lib. Jacques Laurent after Molière, premiered in Paris

20

  • Washboard Sam makes his first recordings for Vocalion in Chicago billed as Ham Gravy

22

  • Alfred Hill’s String Quartet No. 10 completed

24

  • Ian Keith Harris born (Melbourne) Australian composer, arranger, teacher, oboe player.
  • Terry Riley born (Colfax, CA) American composer, teacher, keyboard player.
  • Carlos Gardel (44) is amongst the dead in a plane crash near Medellín, Colombia
  • Richard Strauss’s opera Die schweigsame Frau [The Silent Woman] premiered in Dresden, lib. Stefan Zweig
  • Fats Waller records a session in Camden, NJ for Victor. Tracks cut include My very good friend the milkman; You’re the Picture; 12th Street Rag; Sweet Sue Just You & Dinah

25

  • Kurt Schwertsik born (Vienna) Austrian composer.

27

  • Byron Lee born (Christiana, Jamaica) Jamaican ska and soca bandleader, guitarist . Led the Dragonaires. Died 2008

28

  • Darius Milhaud’s Concerto for cello and orchestra no.1 op.136 premiered in Paris
  • Kurt Weill’s musical play A Kingdom for a Cow premiered in London, lib. R. Arkell and D. Carter

29

  • Julian Priester born (Chicago, IL) American jazz trombonist, composer, teacher, bandleader. Worked with Sun Ra, Max Roach, Duke Ellington, Herbie Hancock and others.

releases

  • Dorsey Brothers’ Orchestra – Chasing Shadows / Every Single Little Tingle of My Heart (Decca)
  • Duke Ellington and his Orchestra – In a Sentimental Mood / Showboat Shuffle (Brunswick)
  • Fats Waller and his Rhythm – Lulu’s Back in Town / Sweet and Slow (Victor)
  • Chick Webb and his Orchestra – Don’t Be That Way / It’s Over Because We’re Through (Decca)
  • Peetie Wheatstraw – Good Whiskey Blues / Letter Writing Blues (Vocalion)

Washboard Sam aka Robert Brown 1910-66

Jul

1

  • Rashied Ali aka Robert Patterson born (Philadelphia, PA) American jazz drummer, bandleader. Worked with John Coltrane, Peter Brötzmann, David Murray and others. Died 2009
  • Louis Armstrong’s big band plays its first show in Indianapolis, IN
  • Benny Goodman & his Orchestra record a session for Victor. Tracks cut include Sometimes I’m Happy & King Porter Stomp

2

  • Billie Holiday records with Teddy Wilson for the first time. It is also Wilson’s first recording session. Roy Eldridge (tp) Benny Goodman (cl) Ben Webster (ts) Teddy Wilson (p) John Truehart (g) John Kirby (b) Cozy Cole (d) Billie Holiday (vo). Tracks cut include What A Little Moonlight Can Do; Sunbonnet BlueMiss Brown To You & I Wished On The Moon 

4

  • Darius Milhaud’s Les amours de Ronsard op.132 for vocal quartet and small orchestra premiered in London

5

  • Shirley Collins born (Hastings) English folk singer, writer.

8

  • Steve Lawrence aka Sidney Liebowitz born (Brooklyn, NY) American popular singer, actor. Worked with Eydie Gormé as Steve and Eydie and  solo.

9

  • Mighty Sparrow aka Slinger Francisco born (Grand Roy, Grenada) Trinidadian calypso singer, songwriter.
  • Frank Wright born (Grenada, MS) American jazz tenor saxophonist, soprano saxophonist, bass clarinetist, bandleader. Died 1990
  • Arthur Honegger’s ballet Icare premiered in Paris

12

  • John Patton born (Kansas City, MO) American jazz organist, composer. Worked with Lou Donaldson, Grant Green, John Zorn and others. Died 2002

13

  • The Benny Goodman Trio makes its first recordings for Victor. Benny Goodman (cl) Teddy Wilson (p) Gene Krupa (d). Tracks cut include After You’ve Gone & Body & Soul
  • Richard Strauss sacked from his position of Reichsmusikkammer president after continuing to support his friend the Jewish librettist Stefan Zweig

15

  • Lars Gunnar Bodin born (Stockholm) Swedish electronic music pioneer, composer.

17

  • Peter Schickele born (Ames, IA) American composer, bassoonist, teacher, parodist. Writes parodies under the name P. D. Q. Bach.
  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Flourish of Trumpets for a Folk Dance Festival premiered in London

18

  • Johnny Funches born (Chicago, IL) American R&B singer. Member of the Dells. Died 1998

19

  • Gerd Albrecht born (Essen) German conductor.

21

  • Honoré Dutrey (c. 41) dies in Chicago following an asthma attack

23

  • Cleveland Duncan born (Los Angeles, CA) American R&B bass-baritone singer. Member of the Penguins. Died 1979
  • Blind Boy Fuller makes his first recordings for Vocalion in New York. Tracks cut include Baby I Don’t Have to Worry; Looking for My Woman & I’m Climbin’ on Top of the Hill 

24

  • Les Reed born (Woking, Surrey) English pop songwriter, arranger, conductor.

27

  • Rajko Maksimović born (Belgrade) Serbian composer, writer, teacher.

29

  • Jacques Levy born (New York, NY) American songwriter, theatre director, psychologist. Died 2004

31

  • Albert Roussel’s ballet Aeneas premiered in Paris

releases

  • Carter Family – Can the Circle Be Unbroken (By and By) / Glory to the Lamb (Melotone)
  • Benny Goodman and his Orchestra – Ballad in Blue / Get Rhythm in Your Feet (Victor)
  • Benny Goodman and his Orchestra – King Porter Stomp / Sometimes I’m Happy (Victor)
  • Fats Waller and his Rhythm – 12th Street Rag / Sweet Sue, Just You (Victor)
  • Big Joe Williams – 49 Highway Blues / Stepfather Blues (Bluebird)
blinboyfuller

Blind Boy Fuller 1907-1941

Aug

2

  • Garland Perry “Hank” Cochran born (Isola, MS) American country songwriter, singer. Died 2010
  • Isidore de Lara (76) dies in Paris

6

  • Alexander Winkler (70) dies in Besançon, France

7

  • Ronald ‘Rahsaan Roland’ Kirk born (Columbus, OH) American jazz tenor saxophonist, flautist, multi-instrumentalist, composer, bandleader. Blind from childhood. Died 1977

8

  • János Fürst born (Budapest) Hungarian violinist, conductor, teacher. Died 2007

10

  • Giya Kancheli born (Tbilisi) Georgian composer.

11

  • Arthur Bliss’s Music for Strings op.54 premiered in Salzburg

15

  • Lucienne Bréval (65) dies in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France
  • Ferde Grofé’s Hollywood Suite for orchestra premiered In Los Angeles

16

  • Bobby Mitchell born (New Orleans, LA) American R&B singer, songwriter. Died 1989

19

  • Duke Ellington and his Orchestra record a session for Brunswick in New York. Arthur Whetsol, Cootie Williams, Rex Stewart (tp) Lawrence Brown, Joe Nanton, Juan Tizol (tb) Barney Bigard (cl, ts) Johnny Hodges (as, ss) Otto Hardwicke (as, cl) Ben Webster (ts) Harry Carney (as, cl, bars) Duke Ellington (p) Fred Guy (g) Billy Taylor (b) Sonny Greer (d) Ivie Anderson (vo). Tracks cut include Accent On Youth; Truckin’ & Cotton

20

  • Otakar Ostrcil (56) dies in Prague

21

  • The Benny Goodman Orchestra play a concert at the Palomar Ballroom, Los Angeles at the end of a poorly received tour. They are a sensation and legendarily launch the jitterbug and the swing era

25

  • Roy Del Ruth’s film Broadway Melody of 1936 opens, starring Jack Benny, Eleanor Powell & Robert Taylor. Music by Nacio Herb Brown

29

  • The Benny Goodman Orchestra ends its run at the Palomar Ballroom, Los Angeles

30

  • John Phillips born (Parris Island, SC) American pop, rock and folk singer, songwriter, guitarist. Member of the Mamas & the Papas and solo artist. Died 2001
  • Mark Sandrich’s film Top Hat opens, starring Fred Astaire & Ginger Rogers. Music by Irving Berlin & Max Steiner

releases

  • Fred Astaire – Cheek to Cheek / No Strings (Brunswick)
  • Cab Calloway and his Orchestra – Miss Otis Regrets (She’s Unable to Lunch Today) / Nagasaki (Brunswick)
  • Benny Goodman and his Orchestra – Body and Soul / After You’ve Gone (Victor)
  • Fats Waller and his Rhythm – Truckin’ / The Girl I Left Behind Me (Victor)
  • Teddy Wilson and his Orchestra [feat. Billie Holiday] – I Wished on the Moon / Miss Brown to You (Brunswick)
  • Teddy Wilson and his Orchestra [feat. Billie Holiday] – What a Little Moonlight Can Do / A Sunbonnet Blue (And a Yellow Straw Hat) (Brunswick)
tophat

Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire in Mark Sandrich’s Top Hat

Sep

1

  • Seiji Ozawa born (Shenyang, China) Japanese conductor.

4

  • Arnold Bax’s The Morning Watch for chorus and orchestra premiered in Worcester
  • Anton Webern’s Concerto for nine instruments op.24 for flute, oboe, clarinet, horn, trumpet, trombone, violin, viola and piano premiered in Prague

8

  • Busby Berkeley is involved in a three vehicle crash in Los Angeles in which two women are killed. He is tried three times for second degree murder. After two hung juries, he is acquitted
  • Frank Sinatra makes his radio debut on NBC’s Major Bowes’ Amateur Hour as a member of the Hoboken Four vocal group

9

  • Rutland Boughton’s opera The Ever Young premiered in Bath, lib. Boughton

11

  • Arvo Pärt born (Paide, Estonia) Estonian composer.

12

  • Arthur Bliss’s suite Things to Come for orchestra premiered in London, based on his music for William Cameron Menzies’s 1936 film Things to Come
  • Duke Ellington and his Orchestra record a session for Brunswick in New York. Arthur Whetsol, Cootie Williams, Rex Stewart (tp) Lawrence Brown, Joe Nanton, Juan Tizol (tb) Barney Bigard (cl, ts) Johnny Hodges (as, ss) Otto Hardwicke (as, cl) Harry Carney (as, cl, bars) Duke Ellington (p) Fred Guy (g) Billy Taylor, Hayes Alvis (b) Sonny Greer (d). Tracks cut include Reminiscing In Tempo, a four part suite

13

  • Fred Waller’s short film Symphony in Black: A Rhapsody of Negro Life, with music by Duke Ellington and Billie Holiday, released

16

  • Billy Boy Arnold born (Chicago) American blues harmonica player, singer, songwriter.

20

  • Busby Berkeley is charged with second degree murder following the crash of 8 Sep. He is acquitted at the third time of asking

23

  • Pierre Mariétan born (Monthey, Switzerland) Swiss composer, conductor.
  • Les McCann born (Lexington, KY) American jazz, R&B and soul pianist, singer, composer, bandleader.
  • William DeWolf Hopper (77) dies in New York following a heart attack
  • Frederick Delius’s Irmelin Prelude for orchestra premiered in London
  • (& 24 Sep) Bob Wills & His Texas Playboys make their first recordings for Vocalion in Dallas. Tracks cut include Four or Five Times; St Louis Blues; Mexicali Rose; Osage Stomp; Get With It; I’m Sitting on Top of the World; Black and Blue Rag; Wang Wang Blues; I Ain’t Got Nobody; Spanish Two Step; Blue River & Never No More Blues 

26

  • The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra makes its first recordings for Victor in New York. Alumni include Bunny Berrigan, Buddy DeFranco, Ziggy Elman, Connie Haines, Dick Haymes, Peanuts Hucko, Gene Krupa, Buddy Rich, Charlie Shavers, Frank Sinatra and Jo Stafford. Tracks cut include Weary Blues; Take Me Back to my Boots and Saddle & Santa Claus Is Coming to Town

27

  • Hans Pfitzner’s Concerto for cello and orchestra op.42 premiered in Frankfurt

28

  • Bent Jædig born (Copenhagen) Danish jazz tenor saxophonist, bandleader. Died 2004

29

  • Jerry Lee Lewis born (Ferriday, LA) American rock and country singer, pianist, songwriter.
  • Hilding Rosenberg’s Suite from Resa till Amerika for orchestra premiered in Stockholm

30

  • Luboš Fišer born (Prague) Czech composer. Died 1999
  • Arzell “Z. Z.” Hill born (Naples, TX) American soul singer. Died 1984
  • Johnny Mathis born (Gilmer, TX) American popular singer.
  • George Gershwin’s opera Porgy And Bess premiered in Boston, lib. DuBose Heyward and Ira Gershwin

releases

  • Dorsey Brothers’ Orchestra – You Are My Lucky Star / On a Sunday Afternoon (Decca)
  • Blind Boy Fuller – Baby You Gotta Change Your Mind / Somebody’s Been Playing With That Thing (Vocalion)

The Hoboken Four feat. Frank Sinatra (top)

Oct

1

  • Julie Andrews born (Walton-on-Thames, Surrey) English actress, musical theatre singer.

5

  • Oscar Straus’s operetta Drei Walzer [three waltzes], lib. Paul Knepler and Armin L. Robinson, premiered in Zürich

6

  • Frederic Hymen Cowen (83) dies in London
  • Bohuslav Martinu’s radio opera Hlas Lesa [The Voice of the Forest], lib. V. Nezval, premiered on Czechoslovak Radio

10

  • William Alwyn’s Sonatina for Violin and Piano premiered in London
  • George Gershwin, Ira Gershwin & DuBose Heyward’s opera Porgy And Bess opens on Broadway (124 performances)

11

  • Agnes Adler (70) dies in Copenhagen

12

  • Sam Moore born (Miami, FL) American soul singer. Worked with Dave Prater as Sam & Dave.
  • Luciano Pavarotti born (Modena) Italian tenor singer. Died 2007
  • Cole Porter & Moss Hart’s musical Jubilee opens on Broadway (169 performances)

14

  • La Monte Young born (Bern, ID) American composer, experimental artist.

15

  • Barry McGuire born (Oklahoma City, OK) American folk singer, songwriter.

16

  • Sugar Pie De Santo aka Umpeylia Marsema Balinton born (Brooklyn, NY) American R&B and soul singer.

18

  • Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra record a session for Victor in New York. Tracks cut include I’m getting sentimental over you & I’ve Got a Note

19

  • Albert Roussel’s Symphony no.4 premiered in Paris

20

  • Roy Bailey born (London) English folk singer, songwriter, guitarist.
  • Feim Ibrahimi born (Gjirokastër, Albania) Albanian composer, teacher. Died 1997

21

  • Derek Bell born (Belfast) Irish folk and classical composer, harpist, multi-instrumentalist. Member of the Chieftains. Died 2002

22

  • Komitas Vardapet (66) dies in a psychiatric clinic in Paris
  • Ivan Dzerzhinsky’s opera Timhiy Don [Quiet Flows the Don], lib. Leonid Dzerzhinsky after Mikhail Sholokhov, premiered in St Petersburg

24

  • Malcolm Bilson born (Los Angeles) American concert pianist, teacher.

28

  • Nikolai Myaskovsky’s Symphony No. 15 premiered in Moscow
  • William Grant Still’s Kaintuck for piano and orchestra premiered in Los Angeles

31

  • RCA Victor embarks on two days of intense recording for its Bluebird subsidiary in Chicago cutting sessions by Bill Broonzy, Chasey Collins, Walter Davis, Willie Lofton, Joe McCoy, Memphis Minnie, Tampa Red, Otto Virgial, The Washboard Rhythm Kings, Casey Bill Weldon and Joe Williams

releases

  • Duke Ellington and his Orchestra – Cotton / Margie (Brunswick)
  • Blind Boy Fuller – Baby, I Don’t Have to Worry / Lookin’ for My Woman (Melotone)
  • Blind Willie McTell – Hillbilly Willie’s Blues / Your Time to Worry (Decca)

‘Big’ Joe Williams 1903-82

Nov

2

  • Jakov Gotovac’s opera Ero s onoga svijeta [Ero the joker], lib. Milan Begovic, premiered in Zagreb

3

  • Henry Grimes born (Philadelphia, PA) American jazz bassist, violinist, poet. Worked with Sonny Rollins, Cecil Taylor, Albert Ayler and Don Cherry.

4

  • Elgar Howarth born (Cannock, Staffs) English conductor, composer.
  • Miklós Radnai (43) dies in Budapest following a heart attack

5

  • Nicholas Maw born (Grantham, Lincs) English composer, teacher. Died 2009

6

  • Hugo Heermann (91) dies in Meran, Italy
  • William Walton’s Symphony no. 1 premiered in London

10

  • David Diamond’s ballet Formal Dance premiered in New York

12

  • Victor de Sabata’s opera Driada, lib. A. Colantuoni, premiered in Turin. It is an adaptaion of his earlier Ilmacigno (1917)

13

  • Benjamin Britten’s Te Deum for choir and organ premiered in London
  • Virgil Thomson’s Serenade for flute and violin premiered in New York

14

  • Paul Hindemith’s concerto Der Schwanendreher [the swan turner] for viola and orchestra premiered in Amsterdam

16

  • Richard Rodgers, Lorenz Hart, Ben Hecht & Charles MacArthur’s musical Jumbo opens on Broadway (233 performances)

17

  • Roswell Rudd born (Sharon, CT) American jazz trombonist, composer, teacher.

18

  • Anton Hekking (79) dies in Berlin

21

  • Arnold Bax’s Symphony No. 6 premiered in London
  • Igor Stravinsky’s Concerto for two pianos premiered in Paris

25

  • The ‘Group of Four’, Daniel Ayala, Blas Galindo, Salvador Contreras and José Pablo Moncayo, give their first concert in Mexico City after being blacklisted by the administration of the conservatory there

27

  • Al Jackson Jr. born (Memphis, TN) American R&B and soul drummer, session musician. Member of Booker T & the MGs. Died 1975
  • Helmut Lachenmann born (Stuttgart) German composer.

28

  • Erich von Hornbostel (58) dies in Cambridge

29

  • George Lloyd’s Symphony no.3 premiered in London
  • Fats Waller records a session in Camden, NJ for Victor. Tracks cut include I’ve got my fingers crossed & Spreadin’ Rhythm Around 

30

  • Marian Anderson makes her first recital appearance at Town Hall, New York

releases

  • Duke Ellington and his Orchestra – Reminiscing in Tempo parts 1 to 4 (Brunswick)  
Erich von Hornbostel 1877-1935

Erich von Hornbostel 1877-1935

Dec

1

  • Sergei Prokofiev’s Violin Concerto No. 2 premiered in Madrid

2

  • Ronnie Mathews born (New York, NY) American jazz pianist. Worked with Max Roach, the Jazz Messengers and others. Died 2008

4

  • Johan Halvorsen (71) dies in Oslo

5

  • Michael Tippett’s String Quartet no.1 premiered in London
  • Frank Mandell, Oscar Hammerstein & Sigmund Romberg’s musical May Wine opens on Broadway (213 performances)

7

  • Arnold Schoenberg’s Cello Concerto premiered in London

8

  • Charles Hayden Coffin (73) dies in London
  • William Alwyn’s The Innumerable Dance – An English Overture premiered on BBC Radio

9

  • Nina Hagerup (Grieg) (90) dies in Copenhagen

11

  • Henry Cowell’s Seven Associated Movements for violin and piano & String Quartet no.3 premiered in New York
  • Francis Poulenc’s Suite française d’après Claude Gervaise premiered in Paris

12

  • André Jolivet’s suite Mana for piano premiered in Paris

15

  • Dannie Richmond born (New York, NY) American jazz and rock drummer, session player. Worked with Charles Mingus and others. Died 1988

17

  • Ronnie Boykins born (Chicago, IL) American jazz bassist. Worked with the Sun Ra Arkestra. Died 1980

19

  • Bobby Timmons born (Philadelphia, PA) American jazz pianist, composer. Member of the Jazz Messengers. Died 1974

20

  • Igor Markevitch’s oratorio Le Paradis Perdu [Paradise Lost] premiered in London
  • The Delta Four record a session for Decca in New York. Quartet featuring Roy Eldridge (tp), Joe Marsala (cl), Carmen Mastra (g) & Wellman Braud (b). Tracks cut include Swingin’ At The Famous Door & Farewell Blues

22

  • Alex North’s ballet Speaker premiered in New York

23

  • Esther Phillips born (Galveston, TX) American R&B and soul singer. Died 1984
  • William Walton’s ballet The First Shoot premiered in Manchester

24

  • Alban Berg (50) dies in Vienna of septicaemia

26

  • Abdul “Duke” Fakir born (Detroit, MI) American soul singer. Member of the Four Tops.

30

  • Bruno Canino born (Naples) Italian classical pianist, composer.

releases

  • Tommy Dorsey and his Clambake Seven – The Music Goes ‘Round and ‘Round / (If I Had) Rhythm in My Nursery Rhymes (Victor)
  • Big Joe Williams – Baby, Please Don’t Go / Wild Cow Blues (Bluebird)
eldridge

Roy Eldridge 1911-1989

Date unknown

  • Jalil Zaland born (Kabul) Afghan singer, composer, poet, teacher (approx date). Died 2009

songs published

  • Begin the Beguine (Cole Porter); Cheek To Cheek (Irving Berlin); I Can’t Get Started (Ira Gershwin, Vernon Duke); I Loves You Porgy (DuBose Heyward, Ira Gershwin, George Gershwin); I’m Gonna Sit Right Down And Write Myself A Letter (Joe Young, Fred E. Ahlert); I’m in the Mood for Love (Dorothy Fields, Jimmy McHugh); In A Sentimental Mood (Manny Kurtz, Irving Mills, Duke Ellington); It Ain’t Necessarily So (George & Ira Gershwin); Last Night When We Were Young (E. Y. Harburg, Harold Arlen); Little Girl Blue (Lorenz Hart, Richard Rodgers); Lullaby Of Broadway (Al Dubin, Harry Warren); Red Sails In The Sunset (Jimmy Kennedy, Will Grosz); So Long, It’s Been Good To Know You (Woody Guthrie); Summertime (DuBose Heyward, George Gershwin); These Foolish Things (Holt Marvell, Jack Strachey, Harry Link)

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