1937

<19361938>

Jan

2

  • Darius Milhaud’s Cantique du Rhône op.155 for vocal quartet or chorus premiered in Paris

4

  • Grace Bumbry born (St Louis, MO) American soprano and mezzo-soprano singer.
  • Gaynel Hodge born (Los Angeles) American R&B singer, songwriter. Member of the Platters and the Hollywood Flames.

6

  • Doris Troy born (New York, NY) American soul singer. Died 2004

7

  • Alan Rawsthorne’s Theme and Variations for Two Violins premiered in London
  • Kurt Weill’s opera The Eternal Road premiered in New York, lib. L. Lewisohn

8

  • Shirley Bassey born (Cardiff) Welsh popular singer.

9

  • Malcolm Cecil born (London) English bassist, electronic musician, producer, synthesiser builder. Member of TONTO’s Expanding Head Band and worked with Stevie Wonder.
  • Arnold Schoenberg’s String Quartet No. 4 premiered in Los Angeles
  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Music for English Folk Dance Society Masque premiered in London

11

  • Alex North’s ballet War-Monger premiered in Detroit

14

  • Louis Jordan makes his recording debut as a singer for Decca in New York with the Chick Webb Orchestra. Mario Bauza, Bobby Stark, Taft Jordan (tp) Sandy Williams, Nat Story (tb) Pete Clark (as, bars, cl) Louis Jordan (as, vo) Teddy McRae (cl, ts) Wayman Carver (ts, fl) Tommy Fulford (p) John Trueheart (bjo, g) Beverly Peer (b) Chick Webb (d) Tracks cut include Gee, But You’re Swell; Love Marches On & There’s Frost on the Moon

15

  • Harold Samuel (57) dies in London
  • Arthur Bliss’s ballet Checkmate premiered in London

16

  • Benjamin Britten’s Soirées musicales for orchestra premiered on BBC radio

19

  • Clarence “Frogman” Henry born (Algiers, LA) American R&B singer, pianist.
  • Darius Milhaud’s Trio for clarinet, violin and piano op.157 premiered in Paris
  • Kurt Weill and Lotte Lenya remarry in Westchester County, NY

21

  • Bela Bartók’s Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta premiered in Basel
  • The Count Basie Orchestra makes its first recordings for Decca in New York. Count Basie (p) Claude Williams (g) Walter Page (b) Jo Jones (d) Wilbur “Buck” Clayton, Joe Keyes, Carl “Tati” Smith (tp) George Hunt, Dan Minor (tb) Caughey Roberts (as) Herschel Evans, Lester Young (ts) Jack Washington (bars) Jimmy Rushing (vo). Tracks cut include Swinging At The Daisy Chain & Pennies From Heaven
  • Ernest Bloch’s symphonic poem A Voice in the Wilderness premiered in Los Angeles

23

  • Roy Eldridge makes his first recordings as leader for Vocalion in Chicago. Roy Eldridge (tp) Scoops Carey, Joe Eldridge (as) Dave Young (ts) Teddy Cole (p) John Collins (g) Truck Parham (b) Zutty Singleton (d). Tracks cut include After you’ve gone; Where the Lazy River Goes By; Wabash Stomp; Florida Stomp; Heckler’s Hop & That Thing
  • Paul von Klenau’s opera Rembrandt van Rijn premiered in Berlin & Stuttgart

27

  • Buddy Emmons born (Mishawaka, IN) American country steel guitarist, session musician.
  • John Ogdon born (Mansfield) English pianist, composer. Died 1989
  • Conrad Schnitzler born (Düsseldorf) German electronic musician, producer, composer. Member of Kluster and solo artist. Died 2011
  • Bruce Tate born (Dallas, TX) American R&B baritone singer. Member of the Penguins. Died 1973

28

  • Carolyn Hester born (Waco, TX) American folk singer, songwriter, guitarist.

29

  • Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra record a session for Victor in New York. Tracks cut include Marie & Song of India

31

  • Philip Glass born (Baltimore, MD) American composer, pianist.

releases

  • Roy Acuff – Great Speckled Bird / My Mountain Home Sweet Home (Conqueror)
  • Robert Johnson – Terraplane Blues / Kind Hearted Woman Blues (Vocalion)
  • Victoria Spivey – Hollywood Stomp / Detroit Moan (Vocalion)

Chick Webb 1909-39

Feb

1

  • Don Everly born (Brownlie, KY) American pop singer, guitarist. Worked as the Everly Brothers with brother Phil Everly (b.1939).
  • Ray Sawyer born (Chickasaw, AL) American rock and country singer. Member of Dr. Hook & The Medicine Show.
  • Alex Hill (30) dies in Little Rock, AR of tuberculosis

2

  • Martina Arroyo born (New York) American soprano singer.

3

  • Francis Poulenc’s Tel jour, telle nuit [Such a day, such a night] for voice and piano premiered in Paris

6

  • Albert Roussel’s Concertino for cello and orchestra premiered in Paris

8

  • Otis Leavill born (Dewey Rose, GA) American soul singer. Died 2002

9

  • Béla Bartók premieres 27 of his Mikrokosmos piano pieces in London

10

  • Roberta Flack born (Asheville, NC) American jazz and soul singer, pianist.
  • Don Wilson born (Seattle, WA) American rock guitarist. Member of the Ventures.
  • Earl Hines and His Orchestra record a session for Vocalion in New York. Tracks cut include Pianology & Flany Doodle Swing

11

  • Phillip Walker born (Welsh, LA) American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter. Died 2010

12

  • Roy Del Ruth’s film On the Avenue opens, starring Dick Powell, Madeleine Carroll & Alice Faye. Music by Irving Berlin

14

  • Magic Sam aka Samuel Gene Maghett born (Grenada, MS) American blues guitarist, singer. Died 1969
  • Erkki Melartin (62) dies in Helsinki

15

  • Nathan Davis born (Kansas City, KS) American jazz tenor and soprano saxophonist, flautist, clarinetist, bandleader. Professor of music at the University of Pittsburgh.

17

  • Mickey McGill born (Chicago, IL) American soul & R&B singer. Member of the Dells.

18

  • Smokey Hogg makes his first recordings for Decca in Dallas, TX (as Andrew Hogg)

20

  • Nancy Wilson born (Chillicothe, OH) American jazz singer, actress.
  • Maurice Emmanuel’s opera Amphitryon premiered in Paris. Lib. Plautus trans by A. Ernout
  • The Raymond Scott Quintette make their first recordings for Master in New York. Raymond Scott (p) Pete Pumiglio (cl) Bunny Berigan (tp) Louis Shoobe (b) Dave Harris (ts) Johnny Williams (d)

23

  • Arnold Bax’s Overture to Adventure premiered in Bournemouth

24

  • Ottorino Respighi’s opera Lucrezia premiered in Milan, lib. C. Guastalla

27

  • David Ackles born (Rock Island, IL) American pop and rock singer, songwriter, teacher. Died 1999

28

  • Alex North’s ballet War Poem/War is Beautiful premiered in Bennington, VT

releases

  • Count Basie and his Orchestra – Honeysuckle Rose / Roseland Shuffle (Decca)
  • Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra – Marie / Song of India (Victor)
  • Billie Holiday and her Orchestra – I’ve Got My Love to Keep Me Warm / One Never Knows Does One (Vocalion)
  • Robert Johnson – 32-20 Blues / Last Fair Deal Gone Down (Vocalion)
  • Jones-Smith Incorporated – Boogie Woogie / Lady, Be Good (Vocalion)
  • Jones-Smith Incorporated – Shoe Shine Boy / Evenin’ (Vocalion)
  • Quintette du Hot Club de France – After You’ve Gone / Limehouse Blues (Victor)
  • Teddy Wilson and his Orchestra [feat. Billie Holiday] – This Year’s Kisses / He Ain’t Got Rhythm (Brunswick)
LionelHampton

Lionel Hampton 1908-2002

Mar

4

  • Barney Wilen born (Nice) French jazz soprano saxophonist, composer, bandleader. Died 1996
  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold’s music for Mervyn LeRoy’s film Anthony Adverse wins the best score Oscar at the 9th Academy Awards

6

  • Doug Dillard born (Salem, MO) American country bluegrass banjo player, songwriter. Member of the Dillards. Brother of Rodney Dillard (b.1942). Died 2012
  • Ben Keith born (Fort Riley, KS) American pedal steel guitarist, singer, songwriter, producer, session player. Died 2010
  • Paul Méfano born (Basra, Iraq) French composer, conductor, teacher.

7

  • Percy Grainger’s Lincolnshire Posy for concert band premiered in Milwaukee, WN

8

  • Richard Farina born (Brooklyn, NY) American folk singer, songwriter, musician, writer. Died 1966
  • Mélanie Bonis (79) dies in Sarcelles, France

10

  • Arthur Honegger and Jacques Ibert’s opera L’aiglon [The eaglet] premiered in Monte Carlo, lib. H. Cain

11

  • Albert Roussel’s opera Le testament de la tante Caroline [Aunt Caroline’s will] premiered in Paris. Lib. Michel Veber

12

  • Jeno Hubay (78) dies in Budapest
  • Charles-Marie Widor (93) dies in Paris following a stroke

13

  • Terry Cox born (High Wycombe) English folk, rock and jazz drummer, session musician. Member of Pentangle.

16

  • Constança Capdeville born (Barcelona) Portuguese pianist, percussionist, composer, teacher. Died 1992
  • David Del Tredici born (Cloverdale, CA) American composer, pianist.

17

  • Vince Martin aka Vincent Marcellino born (New York) American folk singer, songwriter, guitarist.

18

  • Bohuslav Martinů’s radio opera Veselohra na mostě [The Comedy on the Bridge] premiered on Czechoslovak Radio, Prague, lib. Martinů

20

  • Jerry Reed Hubbard born (Atlanta, GA) American country singer, songwriter, guitarist, actor. Died 2008

21

  • Charles Koechlin’s ballet La divine vesprée [Divine vespers] premiered in Paris (concert performance)

22

  • Jon Hassell born (Memphis, TN) American trumpeter, composer.

24

  • Billy Stewart born (Washington, DC) American R&B and soul singer. Died 1970
  • David Diamond’s Concerto for violin and orchestra no.1 premiered in New York
  • Chick Webb and his Orchestra record a session for Decca in New York. Tracks cut include You Showed Me the Way & Clap Hands! Here comes Charley

27

  • Johnny Copeland born (Haynesville, LA) American blues singer, guitarist. Died 1997

28

  • Josef Klička (81) dies in Klatovy, Czech Rep
  • Karol Szymanowski (54) dies in Lausanne, Switzerland of throat cancer

29

  • Fyodor Keneman (63) dies in Moscow

releases

  • Robert Johnson – I Believe I’ll Dust My Broom / Dead Shrimp Blues (Vocalion)  

Meade Lux Lewis 1905-64

Apr

1

  • Gian Carlo Menotti’s opera Amelia Goes to the Ball premiered in Philadelphia. Lib. Menotti
  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Flourish for a Coronation for chorus and orchestra premiered in London

6

  • Merle Haggard born (Bakersfield, CA) American country singer, songwriter

8

  • Arthur Foote (84) dies in Boston, MA
  • William Henry Hadow (77) dies in London

9

  • Paul Hindemith’s Flute Sonata premiered in Washington, DC

10

  • Paul Hindemith’s Piano Sonata no.3 premiered in Washington, DC

12

  • Benjamin Britten’s Reveille for violin and piano premiered in London

14

  • Richard Rodgers & Lorenz Hart’s musical Babes in Arms opens on Broadway (289 performances)

19

  • Life magazine runs a three page article on Lead Belly entitled “Lead Belly – Bad Nigger Makes Good Minstrel”

20

  • Sergei Prokofiev’s Three Romances op.73 for voice and piano premiered on Moscow Radio

21

  • Aaron Copland’s opera The Second Hurricane premiered in New York, lib. E. Denby
  • Bohuslav Martinu’s Fantasy for two pianos premiered in Prague
  • The Quintet of the Hot Club of France record the first of four sessions in seven days for HMV in Paris. Stephane Grappelli (vn) Django Reinhardt, Marcel Bianchi, Pierre Ferret (g) Louis Vola (b). Tracks cut include You’re Driving Me Crazy; Mystery Pacific; Body And Soul; A Little Love, A Little Kiss; Exactly Like You; In A Sentimental Mood; Solitude; When Day Is Done; Tears; Rose Room; Hot Lips; Ain’t Misbehavin’; Runnin’ Wild; Miss Annabelle Lee; Liebestraum No.3 & The Sheik Of Araby

22

  • Jack Nitzsche born (Chicago, IL) American popular composer, arranger, record producer. Died 2000

24

  • Joe Henderson born (Lima, OH) American jazz tenor saxophonist, teacher, bandleader. Worked with Horace Silver and the Jazz Communicators. Died 2001

25

  • Ernst Krenek’s Vier Bagatellen for piano four hands premiered in Vienna

27

  • Igor Stravinsky’s ballet Jeu de cartes [Card game] premiered in New York

28

  • Jean Redpath born (Edinburgh. Scottish folk singer.
  • Coleman Hawkins & His All Star Jam Band record a session for Swing in Paris. Benny Carter (as, arr) André Ekyan (as) Coleman Hawkins, Alix Combelle (ts) Stéphane Grappelli (p) Django Reinhardt (g) Eugène D’Hellemmes (b) Tommy Benford (d)
  • Olivier Messiaen’s song cycle  Poèmes pour Mi for soprano and piano premiered in Paris

29

  • Elliott Carter’s Tarantella for chorus and orchestra premiered in Cambridge, MA

30

  • Uzeyir Hajibeyov’s opera Kyor-oglu [A Blind Man’s Son] premiered in Moscow. Lib. Hajibeyov
  • Edmund Rubbra’s Symphony No.1 premiered in London

publications

  • Leopold Godowsky’s Airs of the Eighteenth Century published in New York

releases

  • Fred Astaire – Let’s Call the Whole Thing Off / Shall We Dance (Brunswick)
  • Fred Astaire – They Can’t Take That Away From Me / Beginner’s Luck (Brunswick)
  • Barney Bigard and his Jazzopaters – Caravan / Stompy Jones (Variety)
  • Billie Holiday and her Orchestra – They Can’t Take That Away From Me / Let’s Call the Whole Thing Off (Vocalion)
  • Robert Johnson – Ramblin’ on My Mind / Cross Road Blues (Vocalion)
  • Raymond Scott Quintette – The Toy Trumpet / Powerhouse (Master)
  • Raymond Scott Quintette – Twilight in Turkey / Minuet in Jazz (Master)
  • Peetie Wheatstraw – Crapshooter’s Blues / Peetie Wheatstraw Stomp (Decca)
  • Teddy Wilson and his Orchestra [feat. Billie Holiday] – I Must Have That Man! / Why Was I Born? (Brunswick)
rodgers-and-hart-796375

Richard Rodgers 1902-1979 and Lorenz Hart 1895-1943

May

1

  • Herbert Hughes (54) dies in Brighton

4

  • Ron Carter born (Ferndale, MI) American jazz and classical bassist, cellist, teacher, bandleader. Worked with Miles Davis, Herbie Hancock, Horace Silver, McCoy Tyner and others.
  • Dick Dale aka Richard Monsour born (Boston, MA) American rock guitarist, bandleader.
  • Noel Rosa (26) dies in Rio de Janeiro of tuberculosis
  • Arnold Bax’s London Pageant for orchestra premiered on BBC Radio

5

  • Delia Derbyshire born (Coventry) English composer, engineer, electronic musician. Worked at the BBC Radiophonic Workshop and member of White Noise. Died 2001
  • Johnnie Taylor born (Crawfordsville, AR) American soul and Gospel singer. Member of the Highway QCs, the Soul Stirrers and solo artist. Died 2000
  • Sonny Boy Williamson I makes his first recordings for Bluebird in Chicago. Tracks cut include Good Morning Schoolgirl & Sugar Mama Blues 

6

  • Charles Ives’s Psalm 67 for choir premiered in New York

7

  • Arthur Somervell (73) dies in London
  • David Diamond’s Chamber Symphony premiered in New York

9

  • Sonny Curtis born (Meadow, TX) American country singer, guitarist, songwriter.
  • David Prater born (Ocilla, GA) American soul singer (Sam & Dave). Died 1988

11

  • Viliam Figuš-Bystrý (62) dies in Banská Bystrica, Slovakia

12

  • William Walton’s Crown Imperial for orchestra premiered in London at the coronation of George VI
  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Festival Te Deum for chorus and organ premiered in London at the coronation of George VI

13

  • Mark Sandrich’s film Shall We Dance opens starring Fred Astaire & Ginger Rogers. Music by George and Ira Gershwin

14

  • Duke Ellington and his Orchestra record a session for Master in New York. Arthur Whetsol, Cootie Williams, Rex Stewart (tp) Lawrence Brown, Joe Nanton, Juan Tizol (tb) Barney Bigard (cl, ts) Johnny Hodges (as, ss) Otto Hardwicke (as, cl) Harry Carney (as, cl, bars) Duke Ellington (p) Fred Guy (g) Hayes Alvis, Billy Taylor (b) Sonny Greer (d). Tracks cut include Caravan & Azure

15

  • Trinidad ‘Trini’ Lopez born (Dallas, TX) American popular singer, guitarist, actor.

16

  • Arnold Bax’s String Quartet no.3 premiered on BBC Radio

17

  • Elliott Carter’s Tarantella for chorus and orchestra premiered in Boston

18

  • Henry Cowell’s Three Ostinati with Chorales for oboe and piano premiered in Bennington, VT

21

  • Mahalia Jackson makes her first recordings for Decca in Chicago. Tracks cut include Oh My Lord & God Shall Wipe the Tears Away

22

  • Bob Wills & His Texas Playboys perform on the Grand Ole Opry for the first time

23

  • William Grant Still’s Lenox Avenue for chorus, piano and orchestra premiered on CBS Radio

24

  • Archie Shepp born (Fort Lauderdale, FL) American jazz tenor and soprano saxophonist, bandleader, teacher. Worked with Cecil Taylor, New York Contemporary Five and his own groups.
  • Arthur Honegger’s ballet Un oiseau blanc s’est envolé [A white bird flew] premiered in Paris

29

  • Irmin Schmidt born (Berlin) German rock and avant-garde keyboard player, composer. Member of Can and solo artist.

31

  • Louis Hayes born (Detroit, MI) American jazz drummer. Worked with Yusef Lateef, Curtis Fuller, Cannonball Adderley, Oscar Peterson and others.

releases

  • Count Basie and his Orchestra – Boogie Woogie (I May Be Wrong) / Exactly Like You (Decca)
  • Big Bill [Broonzy] – Horny Frog / Little Bug (Melotone)
  • Robert Johnson – Come On in My Kitchen / They’re Red Hot (Vocalion)

Mahalia Jackson 1911-72

Jun

2

  • Junsang Bahk born (Norumegi, South Korea) Korean composer.
  • Jimmy Jones born (Birmingham, AL) American soul and R&B singer, pianist, songwriter. Died 2012
  • Louis Vierne (66) dies following a heart attack suffered whilst playing the organ at Notre Dame, Paris
  • Alban Berg’s opera Lulu premiered in Zürich. Lib. Berg
  • Benjamin Britten’s Fanfare for trumpets premiered in Snape

3

  • Grachan Moncur III born (New York, NY) American jazz trombonist, bandleader. Worked with Ray Charles, Jackie McLean, Archie Shepp and others.
  • Yoshihisa Taira born (Tokyo) Japanese composer, teacher. Died 2005

4

  • Freddy Fender aka Baldemar Garza Huerta born (San Benito, TX) American country and rock singer, songwriter, guitarist. Worked with the Texas Tornados and Los Super 7. Died 2006

7

  • Neeme Järvi born (Tallinn, Estonia) Estonian conductor.

8

  • Carl Orff’s opera Carmina Burana premiered in Frankfurt, lib. medieval source

11

  • Fats Waller records a solo piano session for Victor in New York. Tracks cut include I ain’t got nobody & Basin Street Blues

15

  • Waylon Jennings born (Littlefield, TX) American country singer, songwriter, guitarist. Member of the Highwaymen and solo artist. Died 2002
  • Arthur Bliss’s ballet Checkmate premiered in Paris

16

  • Marc Blitzstein’s musical drama The Cradle Will Rock premiered in New York. Lib. Blitzstein. The director is a young Orson Welles

19

  • (& 20 Jun) Robert Johnson’s final two recording sessions take place in Dallas, TX. Tracks cut include Stones In My Passway; I’m A Steady Rollin’ ManFrom Four Until Late; Hellhound On My Trail; Malted Milk Blues; Milkcow’s Calf Blues; Stop Breakin’ Down Blues; Honeymoon Blues; Little Queen Of Spades; Me And The Devil Blues Love In Vain Blues

22

  • Chris Blackwell born (London) Anglo-Jamaican record executive. Founder of Island Records.

24

  • Francis Poulenc’s Deux marches et un intermède [two marches and an interlude] for chamber orchestra premiered in Paris

25

  • Eddie Floyd born (Montgomery, AL) American soul singer, songwriter. Member of the Falcons and solo artist.

26

  • Reggie Workman born (Philadelphia, PA) American jazz bassist. Worked with John Coltrane, Art Blakey, Wayne Shorter and others.

30

  • Michael von Biel born (Hamburg) German composer, cellist, graphic artist.

releases

  • Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra – Caravan / Azure (Brunswick)
  • Ella Fitzgerald and her Savoy Eight – If You Ever Should Leave / Everyone’s Wrong but Me (Decca)
  • Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra – China Stomp / Rhythm, Rhythm (Victor)
  • Memphis Minnie – Black Cat Blues / Haunted Blues (Vocalion)
  • Big Joe Williams – I Know You Gonna Miss Me / Brother James (Bluebird)
  • Teddy Wilson and his Orchestra [feat. Billie Holiday] – Easy Living / Foolin’ Myself (Brunswick)
  • Teddy Wilson and his Orchestra [feat. Billie Holiday] – Mean to Me / I’ll Get By (As Long as I Have You) (Brunswick)
Carl Orff 1895-1982

Carl Orff 1895-1982

Jul

1

  • Bohuslav Martinu’s Sonata for flute, violin and piano premiered on Radio Paris
  • Darius Milhaud’s Scaramouche for two pianos premiered in Paris

3

  • David Shire born (Buffalo, NY) American songwriter, theatre and film composer.

5

  • Aram Khachaturian’s Piano concerto premiered in St Petersburg

6

  • Vladimir Ashkenazy born (Gorky, Russia) Russo-Icelandic pianist, conductor.
  • Gene Chandler aka Eugene Dixon born (Chicago, IL) American soul and R&B singer.

7

  • Count Basie and His Orchestra record a session for Decca in New York. Ed Lewis, Bobby Moore, Buck Clayton (tp) George Hunt, Dan Minor (tb) Earle Warren (as) Jack Washington (as, bars) Lester Young, Herschel Evans (ts) Count Basie (p) Freddy Greene (g) Walter Page (b) Jo Jones (d) Jimmy Rushing (vo). Tracks cut include One O’Clock Jump & John’s Idea

9

  • Arthur Honegger’s Les Mille et Une Nuits [The Thousand and One Nights] for soprano, tenor and orchestra premiered in Paris

11

  • George Gershwin (38) dies in Hollywood, CA of a brain tumour

15

  • George Gershwin’s funeral takes place in New York

17

  • Gabriel Pierné (73) dies in Ploujean, France

19

  • Karen Dalton born (Enid, OK) American folk and blues singer, banjo player. Died 1993
  • George Hamilton IV born (Winston-Salem, NC) American country singer, guitarist.
  • Woody Guthrie makes his radio debut on KFVD in Los Angeles on the daily 15 minute The Oklahoma and Woody Show (later The Woody and Lefty Lou Show) with his cousin Jack Guthrie

22

  • Chuck Jackson born (Latta, SC) American soul singer.
  • Eubie Blake’s musical Swing It opens in New York, lib. C. Mack (36 performances)

25

  • Darrell Banks born (Mansfield, OH) American soul singer. Died 1970
  • Aaron Copland’s Music for Radio: Saga of the Prairie aka Prairie Journal for orchestra premiered in New York
  • Olivier Messiaen’s Fête des belles eaux [Festival of beautiful water] for six ondes Martenot premiered in Paris

27

  • Peter Damm born (Meiningen, Germany) German classical horn player.

28

  • Muslim Magomayev (51) dies in Nalchik, Russia of tuberculosis

30

  • Henry Cowell’s Sarabande for oboe, clarinet and percussion premiered in Bennington, VT

31

  • Bonnie Brown born (Sparkman, AR) American country singer. Member of the Browns with sister Maxine (b.1932) and brother Jim Ed (b.1934) Brown.

releases

  • Billie Holiday and her Orchestra – A Sailboat in the Moonlight / Born to Love (Vocalion)
  • Billie Holiday and her Orchestra – Me, Myself and I / Without Your Love (Vocalion)
  • Robert Johnson – Walkin’ Blues / Sweet Home Chicago (Vocalion)
  • Raymond Scott Quintette – Dinner Music for a Pack of Hungry Cannibals / Reckless Night on Board an Ocean Liner (Master)
  • Sonny Boy Williamson – Good Morning, School Girl / Sugar Mama (Bluebird)
Mayor Fiorello La Guardia at Gershwin's funeral in New York

Mayor Fiorello La Guardia at Gershwin’s funeral in New York

Aug

2

  • Garth Hudson born (London, Ontario) Canadian rock keyboard player, multi-instrumentalist. Member of the The Band.

3

  • Darius Milhaud’s Cantate nuptiale op.168 [wedding cantata] for soprano and piano premiered on Radio Marseille

4

  • David Bedford born (London) English classical and rock composer, keyboard player, arranger. Died 2011

6

  • Charlie Haden born (Shenandoah, IA) American jazz bassist, composer, bandleader. Worked with Ornette Coleman, Keith Jarrett and the Liberation Music Orchestra.
  • Baden Powell de Aquino born (Varre-Sai, Rio de Janeiro) Brazilian folk and jazz guitarist, composer. Died 2000

11

  • Stéphan Elmas (75) dies in Geneva

12

  • Lóránt Hajdú born (Bucharest) Hungarian composer, pianist, teacher.

16

  • David Behrman born (Salzburg) American composer, music administrator, record producer, teacher.

20

  • Sky Saxon aka Richard Marsh born (Salt Lake City, UT) American rock singer, bassist, songwriter. Led the Seeds. Died 2009
  • Johnny Dunn (40) dies in Paris of tuberculosis
  • Roy Del Ruth’s film Broadway Melody of 1938 opens, starring Robert Taylor & Eleanor Powell. Music by Nacio Herb Brown and Arthur Freed

23

  • Albert Roussel (68) dies in Royan, France following a heart attack

25

  • Benjamin Britten’s Variations on a Theme of Frank Bridge for strings premiered on Radio Hilversum, Netherlands

27

  • Alice Coltrane born (Detroit, MI) American jazz harpist, keyboard player, composer. Wife of John Coltrane (1926-67), mother of Ravi Coltrane (b.1965). Died 2007
  • James Dee “JD” Crowe born (Lexington, KY) American bluegrass banjo player, singer, bandleader.
  • Aaron Copland’s El salón México for orchestra premiered in Mexico City

28

  • Clem Cattini born (London) English rock drummer, session musician. Member of  Johnny Kidd & the Pirates and the Tornados.

31

  • Bobby Parker born (Lafayette, LA) American blues guitarist.

releases

  • Count Basie and his Orchestra – One O’Clock Jump / John’s Idea (Decca)
  • Blind Boy Fuller – My Best Gal Gonna Leave Me / Wires All Down (Melotone)
  • Robert Johnson – From Four Until Late / Hell Hound on My Trail (Vocalion)
Powell, Eleanor (Broadway Melody of 1938)_01

Eleanor Powell 1912-82, star of The Broadway Melody of 1938

Sep

6

  • Henry Kimball Hadley (65) dies in New York of cancer

7

  • A George Gershwin memorial concert is held at the Hollywood Bowl and broadcast live on CBS radio

8

  • Luigi Dallapiccola’s Tre Laudi [three praises] for voice and orchestra premiered in Venice

14

  • Joseph Jarman born (Pine Bluff, AR) American jazz saxophonist, clarinetist. Member of the Art Ensemble of Chicago.
  • Jack Guthrie leaves The Oklahoma And Woody Show on KFVD, Los Angeles. Woody Guthrie continues the show with Maxine Crissman aka Lefty Lou

20

  • Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra record a session for Brunswick in New York. Arthur Whetsol, Cootie Williams, Rex Stewart, Freddie Jenkins (tp) Lawrence Brown, Joe Nanton, Juan Tizol (tb) Barney Bigard (cl, ts) Johnny Hodges (as, ss) Otto Hardwicke (as, cl) Harry Carney (as, cl, bars) Duke Ellington (p) Fred Guy (g) Billy Taylor (b) Sonny Greer (d). Tracks cut include Crescendo In Blue; Diminuendo In Blue; Chatterbox; Dusk On The Desert; Harmony In Harlem & Jubilesta

26

  • Bessie Smith (43) dies in Clarksdale, MS from injuries sustained in a car accident near Coahoma, MS

29

  • Benjamin Britten’s The Company of Heaven for speakers, chorus and orchestra premiered on BBC radio

30

  • Valentin Silvestrov born (Kiev) Ukrainian pianist, composer.

unk

  • Dmitri Shostakovich takes a job teaching at the Leningrad [St Petersburg] Conservatory

releases

  • Bunny Berigan and his Orchestra – I Can’t Get Started / Prisoner’s Song (Victor)
  • Benny Goodman and his Orchestra – Sing, Sing, Sing parts 1 and 2 (Victor)
  • Robert Johnson – Malted Milk / Milkcow’s Calf Blues (Vocalion)
  • Fats Waller and his Rhythm – Honeysuckle Rose / Blue, Turning Grey Over You (Victor)
  • Various – Symposium of Swing (Victor) 4 x 78rpm records. Two extended tracks each by Benny Goodman, Fats Waller, Tommy Dorsey and Bunny Berigan

The Hollywood Bowl, 1937

Oct

1

  • Nikolai Myaskovsky’s Symphony No. 18 premiered in Moscow

4

  • An estimated 10,000 people attend Bessie Smith’s funeral in Philadelphia

5

  • Abi Ofarim aka Abraham Reichstadt born (Safed, Israel) Israeli pop guitarist, singer, dancer. Worked with wife Esther Ofarim (b.1941).

6

  • William Walton’s In Honour of the City of London for chorus and orchestra premiered in Leeds

7

  • Dino Valenti aka Chet Powers born (Boston) American rock and folk singer, guitarist. Member of Quicksilver Messenger Service and solo artist. Died 1994

9

  • Joan Carden born (Melbourne) Australian soprano singer.
  • August de Boeck (72) dies in Merchtem, Belgium

11

  • Darius Milhaud’s Cantate pour l’inauguration du Musée de l’Homme [Cantata for the opening of the Musée de l’Homme] for chorus and orchestra premiered on Radio Paris
  • Isaac Stern makes his New York debut at Town Hall

13

  • Loris Tjeknavorian born (Borujerd, Iran) Iranian-Armenian composer, conductor.
  • Doris Day is involved in a car accident in Hamilton, OH sustaining leg injuries that curtail her nascent dance career
  • Roy Rogers leaves the Sons of the Pioneers to pursue a film career and is replaced by Pat Brady

18

  • The Andrews Sisters make their first recordings for Decca in New York

20

  • Wanda Jackson born (Maud, OK) American country and rockabilly singer, songwriter, pianist.

22

  • Frank Damrosch (78) dies in New York
  • Arthur Honegger’s String Quartet no.3 premiered in Geneva

23

  • Maurice Arnold Strothotte (72) dies in New York
  • Ray Charles is enrolled at the Florida School for the Deaf and Blind in St Augustine, FL

24

  • Cole Porter breaks both legs in a horse-riding accident in Locust Valley on Long Island, NY

26

  • Wilhelm Furtwängler’s Piano Concerto in B Minor premiered in Berlin
  • Anton Webern’s Variations for piano op.27 premiered in Vienna

28

  • Graham Bond born (London) English blues and rock singer, saxophonist, organist, bandleader. Led the Graham Bond Organisation. Died 1967
  • Marie-Françoise Bucquet born (Montvilliers, France) French concert pianist, teacher.

31

  • Tom Paxton born (Chicago, IL) American folk singer, songwriter, guitarist, children’s author

releases

  • Billie Holiday and her Orchestra – Trav’lin’ All Alone / (I Got a Man, Crazy for Me) He’s Funny That Way (Vocalion)
  • Robert Johnson – Stones in My Passway / I’m a Steady Rollin’ Man (Vocalion)
  • Bukka White – Pinebluff Arkansas / Shake ‘Em On Down (Vocalion)

Wilhelm Furtwängler 1886-1954

Nov

1

  • Bill Anderson born (Columbia, SC) American country singer, songwriter, television personality.

2

  • Earl Carroll born (New York, NY) American R&B singer. Member of the Cadillacs. Died 2012
  • Maude Valerie White (82) dies in Surrey
  • Richard Rodgers, Lorenz Hart, Moss Hart & George S. Kaufman’s musical I’d Rather Be Right opens on Broadway (290 performances)

4

  • Nadia Boulanger is the first woman to conduct a concert at the Queen’s Hall, London
  • Alyeksandr Mosolov is arrested and charged with counter-revolutionary activities. He is sentenced to eight years in the Gulag

14

  • Alex North’s ballet Slaughter of the Innocents (Madrid 1937) premiered in New York

15

  • Little Willie John born (Lafayette, AR) R&B singer. Brother of Mabel John (b.1930). Died 1968

16

  • Hilding Rosenberg’s Suite from Bergslagsbilder for orchestra premiered on Swedish radio, Stockholm

18

  • Jaromír Weinberger’s opera Valdstejn [Wallenstein], lib. Milos Kares, premiered in Vienna

19

  • Benjamin Britten’s song suite On This Island premiered in London
  • George Stevens’ film A Damsel in Distress opens, starring Fred Astaire, Joan Fontaine, George Burns & Grace Allen. Music by George & Ira Gershwin

21

  • Dmitri Shostakovich’s Symphony no.5 premiered in St Petersburg

25

  • Carl Frühling (68) dies in Vienna
  • Alfred Hill’s String Quartet No. 14 completed
  • The Quintet of the Hot Club of France record a session for Swing in Paris. Stephane Grappelli (vn) Django Reinhardt, Joseph Reinhardt, Eugene Vees  (g) Louis Vola (b). Tracks cut include Brick Top; Speevy; Minor Swing & Viper’s Dream  

27

  • Harold Rome’s revue Pins and Needles opens on Broadway (1108 performances)

29

  • Art Tatum records a session for Decca in New York. Tracks cut include Gone with the Wind & Stormy Weather

30

  • Frank Ifield born (Coventry) Anglo-Australian popular singer.
  • Luther Ingram born (Jackson, TN) American soul singer, songwriter. Died 2007
  • Sergei Prokofiev’s suite Lieutenant Kijé premiered in Paris

releases

  • Duke Ellington and his Orchestra – Diminuendo in Blue / Crescendo in Blue (Brunswick)
  • Teddy Wilson and his Orchestra [feat. Billie Holiday] – My Man / Can’t Help Lovin’ Dat Man (Brunswick)
  • Teddy Wilson and his Orchestra [feat. Billie Holiday] – Nice Work If You Can Get It / Things Are Looking Up (Brunswick)
Annex - Andrews Sisters, The_01

The Andrews Sisters

Dec

1

  • Gordon Crosse born (Bury) English composer
  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ opera Riders to the Sea premiered in London, lib. Vaughan Williams

2

  • Joe “Fox” Smith (35) dies in New York of tuberculosis

5

  • Paul Hindemith’s Symphonic Dances premiered on BBC Radio

6

  • Boris Blacher’s Concertante Music for Orchestra premiered in Berlin

7

  • Adele Aus der Ohe (72) dies in Berlin

10

  • William Grant Still’s Symphony in g minor “Song of a New Race” premiered in Philadelphia

11

  • Jan Bach born (Forrest, IL) American composer, teacher, horn player

12

  • Philip Ledger born (Bexhill, Sussex) English organist, composer, music director, conductor, teacher. Died 2012

13

  • Alex North’s ballet American Lyric premiered in New York

15

  • Vilhelm Herold (72) dies in Copenhagen
  • Heitor Villa-Lobos’s Distribuicão de flores [Distribution of flowers] for flute and guitar premiered in Rio de Janeiro

16

  • Joe Farrell born (Chicago Heights, IL) American jazz tenor and soprano saxophonist, flautist, bandleader. Worked with Elvin Jones and Return to Forever) Died 1986
  • Douglas Furber, Arthur Rose & Noel Gay’s musical Me and My Girl opens in London (1646 performances)

17

  • Art Neville born (New Orleans, LA) American R&B singer, keyboard player. member of the Meters and the Neville Brothers. Brother of Aaron (b.1941), Charles (b.1938) and Cyril (b.1948) Neville.
  • Chick Webb and his Orchestra record a session for Decca in New York. Tracks cut include Midnite in a Madhouse; The Dipsy Doodle & If Dreams Come True

19

  • Joseph Byrd born (Louisville, KY) American rock singer, songwriter, record producer. Member of the United States of America.
  • Milcho Leviev born (Plovdiv, Bulgaria) Bulgarian composer, jazz pianist.
  • Henry Cowell’s Deep Song for chorus and percussion premiered in New York

21

  • Meliton Balanchivadze (74) dies in Kutaisi, Georgia

24

  • W.S. Van Dyke’s movie musical Rosalie opens starring Eleanor Powell and Nelson Eddy. Music by Cole Porter

25

  • O’Kelly Isley born (Cincinnati, OH) American soul & R&B singer. Member of the Isley Brothers. Brother of Rudy (b.1939), Ron (b.1941), Ernie (b.1952) and Marvin (1953-2010) Isley. Died 1986
  • NBC radio broadcasts its first concert conducted by Arturo Toscanini

26

  • Ivor Gurney (47) dies of tuberculosis whilst a patient at the City of London Mental Hospital
  • Robert Schumann’s Violin concerto premiered in Berlin

28

  • Rita Orlandi-Malaspina born (Bologna) Italian soprano singer.
  • Maurice Ravel (62) dies in Paris after an unsuccessful brain operation

30

  • John Hartford born (New York, NY) American country and bluegrass fiddler, banjoist, guitarist, singer. Died 2001
  • Paul Stookey born (Baltimore, MD) American folk and pop singer, guitarist. member of Peter, Paul & Mary.
  • Nikolai Myaskovsky’s Symphony No. 17 premiered in Moscow

unk

  • Arturo Toscanini appointed principal conductor of the newly founded NBC Symphony Orchestra, a post he holds until 1954

releases

  • Andrews Sisters – Bei Mir Bist Du Schön / Nice Work If You Can Get It (Decca)
  • Blind Boy Fuller – Throw Your Yas Yas Back in Jail / Death Valley (Melotone)
  • Quintette du Hot Club de France – Minor’s Swing / Viper’s Dream (Swing France)
  • Chick Webb and his Orchestra – Rock It for Me / Strictly Jive (Decca)

Arturo Toscanini 1867-1957

Date unknown

  • Blind Uncle Gaspard (c. 57) dies
  • Jim Jackson (c. 53) dies in Hernando, MS
  • Conlon Nancarrow enlists in the Abraham Lincoln Brigade in Spain to fight on the side of the Republic

Songs published

  • Caravan (Irving Mills, Juan Tizol, Duke Ellington); In the Still of the Night (Cole Porter); The Lady Is a Tramp; My Funny Valentine; Where Or When (all Lorenz Hart, Richard Rodgers); Let’s Call The Whole Thing Off; Nice Work If You Can Get It; Shall We Dance; They All Laughed; They Can’t Take That Away From Me (all George & Ira Gershwin); One O’Clock Jump (Count Basie); September In The Rain (Al Dubin, Harry Warren); Some Day My Prince Will Come; Whistle While You Work (both Larry Morey, Frank Churchill)

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