1939

<19381940>

Jan

3

  • Ernst Krenek’s Twelve Short Pieces Written in the Twelve-Tone Technique op.93 for piano premiered on NBC Radio
  • The Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra record a session for Vocalion in New York. Sy Oliver, Eddie Tompkins, Paul Webster (tp) Russell Bowies, Elmer Crumbley, Trummy Young (tb) Jimmie Lunceford, Ted Buckner, Willie Smith, Dan Grissom(as) Joe Thomas (ts) Earl Carruthers (bars) Al Norris (g) Moses Allen (b) James Crawford (d). Tracks cut include ’Tain’t what you do (it’s the way that you do it); Cheatin’ On Me; Le jazz hot & Rainin’

4

  • Jon Appleton born (Los Angeles, CA) American composer, electronic music pioneer, teacher.

6

  • Albert Ammons and Meade Lux Lewis make the first recordings for the new Blue Note label in New York. Tracks cut include Boogie Woogie blues; Boogie Woogie Stomp; Suitcase Blues & Bass Goin’ Crazy (Ammons) & Melancholy; Solitude & The Blues (parts 1 to 4) (Lewis)

9

  • Julius Bittner (64) dies in Vienna
  • Bela Bartók’s Contrasts premiered in New York. Endre Petri (p) Joseph Szigeti (vln) Benny Goodman (cl)

10

  • Scott McKenzie aka Philip Blondheim born (Jacksonville, FL) American folk and pop singer, songwriter. Died 2012
  • Nikolai Myaskovsky’s Concerto in D minor for violin and orchestra op.44 premiered in Moscow
  • Willie ‘The Lion’ Smith records a session for Commodore in New York. Tracks cut include Concentrating; Sneakaway; Echoes of Spring; Fading Star; Morning Air; Passionette; Rippling Waters & Finger Buster

12

  • Hariclea Darclée (78) dies in Bucharest

17

  • (& 23 Jan) Artie Shaw and his Orchestra record two sessions for Bluebird in New York for the album Artie Shaw Plays an Album of Popular Music. Chuck Peterson, Bernie Privin, John Best (tp) George Arus, Harry Rodgers, Les Jenkins (tb) Artie Shaw (cl), Les Robinson, Hank Freeman (as) Tony Pastor (ts, vo) Georgie Auld (ts) Bob Kitsis (p) Al Avola (g) Sid Weiss (b) Buddy Rich (d).

19

  • Phil Everly born (Chicago, IL) American pop singer. Member of the Everly Brothers with brother Don Everly (b.1937).

21

  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Double Trio for string sextet premiered in London

22

  • Alan Silva aka Alan Treadwell da Silva born (Bermuda) American jazz bassist, cellist, keyboard player, bandleader. Worked with Albert Ayler, Sunny Murray, Cecil Taylor and others.

24

  • Ray Stevens aka Harold Ray Ragsdale born (Clarkdale, GA) American pop and country singer, songwriter, pianist.

26

  • Count Basie and His Rhythm record a session for Decca in New York. Count Basie (p) Freddie Green (g) Walter Page (b) Jo Jones (d). Tracks cut include Oh! Red & Fare thee, honey, fare thee well

27

  • Tigran Mansurian born (Beirut) Armenian composer.

29

  • Georgi Minchev born (Sofia) Bulgarian composer, administrator.
  • Conlon Nancarrow’s Toccata for violin and piano premiered in New York

31

  • Brian Gregg born (London) English rock bassist. Member of Johnny Kidd & the Pirates and the Tornados.

releases

  • Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five  – Barnacle Bill the Sailor / Honey in the Bee Ball (Decca)
  • Jimmie Lunceford and his Orchestra – ‘Tain’t What You Do (It’s the Way That You Do It) / Cheatin’ on Me (Vocalion)
  • Joe Turner and Pete Johnson – Roll ‘Em Pete / Goin’ Away Blues (Vocalion)
  • Sonny Boy Williamson – Susie-Q / Goodbye Red (Bluebird)
  • Bob Wills & His Texas Playboys – San Antonio Rose / The Convict and the Rose (Vocalion)
134.x600.music.AlbertAmmons.cap

Albert Ammons 1907-1949

Feb

1

  • Joe Sample born (Houston, TX) American jazz keyboard player. Member of the Jazz Crusaders / the Crusaders.
  • Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari’s opera La Dama Boba premiered in Milan, lib. M. Ghisalberti

2

  • Count Basie and His Orchestra record three sessions in three days for Decca in New York. Ed Lewis, Shad Collins, Buck Clayton, Harry Edison (tp) Dicky Wells, Benny Morton, Dan Minor (tb) Earl Warren (as) Lester Young, Chu Berry (ts) Jack Washington (bars, as) Count Basie (p) Freddie Green (g) Walter Page (b) Jo Jones (d) Helen Humes, Jimmy Rushing (vo). Tracks cut include Blame It On My Last Affair; Thursday; Cherokee parts 1 & 2; Oh Lady Be Good; You Can Depend On Me; Evil Blues & Jive at Five

3

  • Johnny Bristol born (Morgantown, NC) American soul singer, songwriter, record producer. Died 2004

5

  • Boris Blacher’s Symphony premiered in Berlin
  • Carl Orff’s opera Der Mond [the moon] premiered in Munich, lib. Orff

9

  • Barry Mann aka Barry Imberman born (Brooklyn, NY) American popular songwriter. Wrote with wife Cynthia Weil (b.1940).
  • Herschel Evans (29) dies in New York of heart disease

10

  • Barbara Kolb born (Hartford, CT) American composer.

11

  • Gerry Goffin born (Brooklyn, NY) American popular songwriter. Wrote with (and for a time married to) Carole King (b.1942).
  • Franz Schmidt (64) dies in Perchtoldsdorf, Austria
  • Nadia Boulanger is the first woman to conduct the New York Philharmonic in Carnegie Hall, New York

12

  • Ray Manzarek born (Chicago, IL) American rock keyboard player, songwriter, record producer. Member of the Doors.

14

  • Hilding Rosenberg’s opera Marionetter [puppets] premiered in Stockholm, lib. J. Benavente

15

  • Csaba Deseo born (Budapest) Hungarian jazz violinist.

16

  • Francis Poulenc’s Miroirs brûlants [burning mirrors] for soprano and piano & Le Portrait [the portrait] for baritone and piano premiered in Paris

17

  • Willy Hess (79) dies in Berlin

18

  • Marek Janowski born (Warsaw) Polish conductor.
  • Marlos Nobre born (Recife, Brazil) Brazilian composer, pianist, conductor, teacher.

19

  • Vivian Fine’s Tragic Exodus for baritone and piano premiered in New York

21

  • Herbert Zipper released from Buchenwald concentration camp (where he had been transferred to from Dachau) when his father secures documents for his emigration from Austria

23

  • Erich Wolfgang Korngold’s music for Michael Curtiz and William Keighley’s film The Adventures of Robin Hood wins the best score Oscar at the 11th Academy Awards

26

  • Trevor Watts born (York) English jazz soprano saxophonist.
  • Aaron Copland’s Sextet for clarinet, piano and string quartet premiered in New York

28

  • John Fahey born (Takoma Park, MD) American folk and avant-garde guitarist, composer. Founder of Takoma and Revenant Records. Died 2001
  • Charles Gayle born (Buffalo, NY) American jazz saxophonist, pianist, clarinetist, viola player, bandleader. Worked with Cecil Taylor, Sunny Murray, William Parker and others.

releases

  • Ink Spots – If I Didn’t Care / Knock Kneed Sal (Decca)
  • Robert Johnson – Preachin’ Blues / Love in Vain Blues (Vocalion)
  • Chick Webb and his Orchestra – ‘Tain’t What You Do (It’s the Way That Cha Do It) / I Can’t Stop Loving You (Decca)
  • Artie Shaw Plays an Album of Popular Music (Bluebird)

Vivian Fine 1913-2000

Mar

1

  • Leo Brouwer born (Havana) Cuban composer, conductor, guitarist.
  • Samuel Barber’s Two Interludes for piano premiered in New York

5

  • Johnny Jenkins born (Macon, GA) American blues guitarist, bandleader. Led the Pinetoppers. Died 2006

6

  • Stanislao Gastaldon (77) dies in Florence following a heart attack
  • Emma Juch (77) dies in New York of a brain haemorrhage

7

  • Amadeo Roldán (38) dies in Havana of facial cancer

9

  • Rohan de Saram born (Sheffield) Anglo-Sri Lankan cellist, teacher, music administrator.
  • Ernie Hare (55) dies in New York of bronchopneumonia

11

  • Leonardo “Flaco” Jiménez born (San Antonio, TX) American Tejano accordionist, singer, session player, bandleader. Worked with Doug Sahm, Ry Cooder, Bob Dylan and others.

12

  • Artie Shaw & his Orchestra record a session in New York for Bluebird. Chuck Peterson, Bernie Privin, John Best (tp) George Arus, Harry Rodgers, Les Jenkins (tb) Artie Shaw (cl), Les Robinson, Hank Freeman (as) Tony Pastor (ts, vo) Georgie Auld (ts) Bob Kitsis (p) Al Avola (g) Sid Weiss (b) Buddy Rich (d). Tracks cut include Deep Purple & Pastel Blue

13

  • Neil Sedaka born (Brooklyn, NY) American pop singer, songwriter, pianist.

18

  • Jean-Pierre Wallez born (Lille) French violinist, conductor.
  • Frank Sinatra makes his first recording with the Frank Mane band, a demo that was never released

19

  • Count Basie and His Orchestra record a session for Vocalion in New York. Ed Lewis, Shad Collins, Buck Clayton, Harry Edison (tp) Dicky Wells, Benny Morton, Dan Minor (tb) Earl Warren (as) Lester Young, Buddy Tate (ts) Jack Washington (bars, as) Count Basie (p) Freddie Green (g) Walter Page (b) Jo Jones (d). Tracks cut include Rock-a-bye Basie; Baby Don’t Tell On Me; Taxi War Dance & If I Could Be With You 

23

  • Bela Bartók’s Violin Concerto No. 2 premiered in Amsterdam
  • Ivor Novello & Christopher Hassall’s musical The Dancing Years opens in London (969 performances)

24

  • John Cage’s Imaginary Landscape no. 1 for piano, percussion and two phonographs premiered in Seattle
  • Henry Cowell’s incidental music for J. Cocteau’s play Les mariés de la Tour Eiffel [married on the Eiffel Tower] premiered in Seattle

25

  • Heitor Villa-Lobos’s Bachianas brasileiras no.5 for soprano and 8 cellos premiered in Rio de Janeiro

29

  • Louis Jordan & His Tympani Five make their first recordings under their own name for Decca in New York. Courtney Williams (tp) Louis Jordan (cl, as, bars, vo) Lemuel Johnson (ts) Clarence Johnson (p) Charlie Drayton (b) Walter Martin (d). Tracks cut include Flat Face; Doug the JitterbugKeep A-Knockin’; At the Swing Cats’ BallSam Jones Done Snagged His Britches & Swingin’ in the Cocoanut Trees
  • Paul von Klenau’s opera Elisabeth von England premiered in Kassel. Lib. von Klenau

31

  • Elliott Carter’s Heart not so heavy as mine for chorus premiered in New York, text Emily Dickinson

unk

  • Bohuslav Martinů named as cultural attaché by the Czechoslovak opposition following the German annexation of Czechoslovakia

releases

  • Benny Goodman and his Orchestra – And the Angels Sing / I Sent for You Yesterday (Victor)
  • Chick Webb and his Orchestra – Undecided / In the Groove (At the Grove) (Decca)
Programme for the original London production of Ivor Novello's musical The Dancing Years

Programme for the original London production of Ivor Novello’s musical The Dancing Years

Apr

1

  • Rudolph Isley born (Cincinnati, OH) American R&B and soul singer. Member of the Isley Brothers. Brother of O’Kelly (1937-86), Ron (b.1941), Marvin (1953-2010) and Ernie (b.1952) Isley.
  • Lead Belly records the album Negro Sinful Songs for Musicraft in New York, released on five 78rpm discs
  • Richard Strauss’ Durch Einsamkeiten [through solitude] for chorus premiered in Vienna
  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Flourish for Wind Band premiered in London

2

  • Marvin Gaye born (Washington, DC) American soul singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist. Died 1984
  • Maria Callas makes her operatic debut in a student production of Mascagni’s Cavalleria rusticana in Athens

4

  • Hugh Masekela born (Witbank, South Africa) South African jazz trumpeter, singer, composer, bandleader.
  • Major Lance born (Winterville, MS) American soul singer. Died 1994
  • Danny Thompson born (Teignmouth) English jazz and folk bassist, session musician. Member of Blues Incorporated and Pentangle.

5

  • Ronald White born (Detroit, MI) American soul singer, songwriter, producer. Member of the Miracles. Died 1995
  • Benjamin Britten’s Ballad of Heroes for choir and orchestra premiered in London

8

  • Emilio Serrano y Ruiz (89) dies in Madrid

11

  • Freddie Gorman born (Detroit) American pop and soul songwriter, record producer. Member of the Originals. Died 2006

13

  • Xian Xinghai’s Yellow River Cantata premiered in Yan’an, China

15

  • Marty Wilde aka Reginald Leonard Smith born (London) English pop singer, songwriter, actor. Father of Kim Wilde (b.1960).

16

  • Dusty Springfield aka Mary O’Brien born (London) English pop and soul singer. Member of the Lana Sisters, the Springfields and solo artist. Died 1999

18

  • Glen Hardin born (Wellington, TX) American country and rock pianist, songwriter, session player.
  • Bohuslav Martinu’s Serenade no.2 premiered in Prague

19

  • Paul Hindemith’s Sonata for viola and piano no.3 premiered in Cambridge, MA
  • Igor Stravinsky’s Zvezdolikiy (Le roi des étoiles) [The king of the stars] for chorus and orchestra premiered in Brussels

20

  • Johnny Tillotson born (Jacksonville, FL) American pop singer, songwriter.
  • Billie Holiday records a session for Commodore Records in New York with Frank Newton & Café Society Band. Frank Newton (tp) Tab Smith (as) Kenneth Hollon, Stanley Payne (ts) Sonny White (p) Jimmy McLin (g) John Williams (b) Eddie Dougherty (d) Billie Holiday (vo). Tracks cut include Strange Fruit & Fine And Mellow

21

  • John McCabe born (Liverpool ) English composer, pianist.
  • Joe Young (49) dies in New York
  • Leonard Bernstein’s incidental music for Aristophanes’ play The Birds premiered in Cambridge, MA
  • Alan Rawsthorne’s Symphonic Studies for orchestra premiered in Warsaw

22

  • Leandro Campanari (79) dies in San Francisco
  • Gian Carlo Menotti’s radio opera The Old Maid and the Thief premiered on NBC Radio, lib. Menotti

23

  • Raymond ‘Wizz’ Jones born (Croydon) English folk guitarist, singer, songwriter.
  • Paul Hindemith’s Quartet for clarinet, violin, cello and piano premiered in New York

25

  • John Foulds (58) dies in Calcutta of cholera

26

  • Grazyna Bacewicz’s String Quartet no.1 premiered in Paris

28

  • Zsigmond Szathmáry born (Szeged, Hungary) Hungarian organist, pianist, composer, conductor.

30

  • Ellen Taaffe Zwilich born (Miami, FL) American composer, violinist, teacher.
  • Kurt Weill’s musical pageant Railroads on Parade premiered in New York, lib. E. Hungerford

releases

  • Count Basie and his Orchestra – Cherokee parts 1 and 2 (Decca)
  • Count Basie and his Orchestra – If I Could Be With You (One Hour Tonight) / Taxi War Dance (Vocalion)
  • Blind Boy Fuller – Too Many Women Blues / Jitterbug Rag (Vocalion)
  • Glenn Miller and his Orchestra – Moonlight Serenade / Sunrise Serenade (Bluebird)
  • Artie Shaw and his Orchestra – Deep Purple / Pastel Blue (Why Begin Again?) (Bluebird)
holiday

Billie Holiday 1915-1959

May

1

  • Judy Collins born (Seattle, WA) American folk and pop singer, songwriter, guitarist, pianist, activist.

3

  • Jonathan Harvey born (Sutton Coldfield) English composer, teacher.
  • Herbert Zipper appointed conductor of the Manila Symphony Orchestra in the Philippines where he was imprisoned after the Japanese invasion of 1942

6

  • Robert Teichmüller (76) dies in Leipzig

7

  • José Antonio Abreu born (Valera, Venezuela) Venezuelan pianist, conductor, composer, educationalist, economist.
  • Jimmy Ruffin born (Collinsville, MS) American soul singer. Brother of David Ruffin (1941-91).

9

  • Bruce Mather born (Toronto) Canadian composer, pianist, writer, teacher.

15

  • Sergei Prokofiev’s incidental music for Shakespeare’s play Hamlet premiered in St Petersburg

17

  • Sergei Prokofiev’s cantata Alexander Nevsky premiered in Moscow

19

  • Sonny Fortune born (Philadelphia, PA) American jazz alto saxophonist, flautist. Worked with Mongo Santamaria, McCoy Tyner, Miles Davis and others.
  • John Sheahan born (Dublin) Irish folk violinist, songwriter. Member of the Dubliners.
  • Richard Teitelbaum born (New York, NY) American composer, electronic musician.
  • Henry Cowell’s Pulse & Return for percussion premiered in Seattle
  • Ernst Krenek’s ballet Eight Column Line premiered in Hartford, CT

21

  • Heinz Holliger born (Langenthal, Switzerland) Swiss oboist, composer, conductor.

23

  • Michel Colombier born (Lyon) French composer, songwriter, conductor, arranger. Died 2004

24

  • Elliott Carter’s ballet Pocahontas premiered in New York
  • Aaron Copland’s orchestral suite Billy the Kid premiered in New York

27

  • Don Williams born (Floydada, TX) American country singer, songwriter, guitarist.

releases

  • Andrews Sisters – Beer Barrel Polka (Roll Out the Barrel) / Well All Right (Tonight’s the Night) (Decca)
  • Woody Herman and his Orchestra – Woodchopper’s Ball / Big Wig in the Wig Wam (Decca)
  • Billie Holiday and her Orchestra – Strange Fruit / Fine and Mellow (Commodore)
  • Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five – Flat Face / Doug the Jitterbug (Decca)
  • Andy Kirk and his Clouds of Joy – Floyd’s Guitar Blues / Twinklin’ (Decca)
  • Art Tatum – Tea for Two / Deep Purple (Decca)
Billie Holiday and her Orchestra - Strange Fruit (Commodore)

Billie Holiday and her Orchestra – Strange Fruit (Commodore)

Jun

2

  • Enrique Fernández Arbós (75) dies in San Sebastián, Spain
  • Josef Reiter (77) dies in Bad Reichenhall, Germany

4

  • Tommy Ladnier (39) dies in New York following a heart attack

5

  • Stanley Bate’s Concertante for piano and string orchestra op. 24 premiered in London

6

  • Louis Andriessen born (Utrecht) Dutch composer, pianist. Son of Hendrik Andriessen (1892-1981), brother of Juriaan Andriessen (1925-96).
  • Gary ‘US’ Bonds born (Jacksonville, FL) American R&B singer, songwriter.

9

  • Ileana Cotrubaș born (Galaţi, Romania) Romanian soprano singer.
  • Arnold Bax’s Symphony No. 7 premiered in New York

10

  • Arthur Bliss’s Piano Concerto premiered in New York
  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Five Variants of Dives and Lazarus for string orchestra premiered in New York

11

  • Bernard Purdie born (Elkton, MD) American drummer, session musician. Is claimed to be the world’s most recorded drummer.

12

  • Artie Shaw & his Orchestra record a session for Bluebird in Hollywood, CA. Chuck Peterson, Bernie Privin, John Best (tp) George Arus, Harry Rodgers, Les Jenkins (tb) Artie Shaw (cl), Les Robinson, Hank Freeman (as) Tony Pastor (ts, vo) Georgie Auld (ts) Bob Kitsis (p) Al Avola (g) Sid Weiss (b) Buddy Rich (d). Tracks cut include Traffic Jam & Serenade to a Savage
  • Sergey Nikiforovich Vasilenko’s opera Buran premiered in Tashkent, Uzbekistan

13

  • Fats Waller records the London Suite, a set of six instrumentals, for HMV in London

16

  • Billy Craddock born (Greensboro, NC) American rockabilly and country singer, songwriter.
  • Albert Dailey born (Baltimore, MD) American jazz pianist, bandleader, session player. Died 1984
  • Lou Gare born (Rugby, Warwickshire) English jazz and avant-garde saxophonist . Member of AMM.
  • Chick Webb (30) dies in Baltimore of tuberculosis

17

  • James Gadson born (Kansas City, MO) American soul and funk drummer, session musician. Worked with Dyke & the Blazers, Watts 103rd St Rhythm Band, Bill Withers, Temptations, Herbie Hancock and others.
  • Witold Lutoslawski’s Symphonic Variations premiered in Krakow

19

  • Eleazar de Carvalho’s opera Descuberta do Brasil premiered in Rio de Janeiro. Lib. Carvalho

20

  • Bob Neuwirth born (Akron, OH) American folk singer, songwriter, guitarist, record producer.
  • Vsevolod Meyerhold arrested in Moscow by the NKVD

21

  • Charles Boone born (Cleveland, OH) American composer, teacher.
  • Francis Poulenc’s Concerto for organ, string orchestra and timpani premiered in Paris

25

  • Harold Melvin born (Philadelphia, PA) American soul singer, songwriter. Led Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes. Died 1997

27

  • The Cats and the Fiddle make their first recordings for Bluebird in Chicago. Austin Powell (vo, g) Jimmie Henderson (vo, tiple) Chuck Barksdale (vo, b) Ernie Price (vo, g, tiple). Tracks cut include Gang Busters; Chant Of The Rain; I’d Rather Drink Muddy Water; Nuts To You; Killin’ Jive; Thursday Evening Swing & Killer Diller Man From The South

30

  • Tony Hatch born (London) English popular songwriter, pianist, arranger, producer.

releases

  • Glenn Miller and his Orchestra – Little Brown Jug / Pavanne (Bluebird)

Jul

1

  • Delaney Bramlett born (Pontotoc, MS) American rock singer, songwriter, guitarist. Worked as Delaney and Bonnie with wife Bonnie Bramlett (b.1944). Died 2008

2

  • Paul Williams born (Birmingham, AL) American soul baritone singer. Member of the Temptations. Died 1973

3

  • Brigitte Fassbaender born (Berlin) German mezzo-soprano singer, opera director.

6

  • Terrence ‘Jet’ Harris born (London) English rock and pop bassist. Member of the Shadows and Jet Harris and Tony Meehan. Died 2011

7

  • Nicolas Kasanda aka Dr. Nico born (Mikalayi, DR Congo) Congolese Soukous guitarist, composer. Member of Grand Kalle & l’African Jazz and African Fiesta). Died 1985

8

  • Frank Sinatra makes his first commercial recordings with Harry James live at the Roseland Ballroom in New York. Claude Lakey (as, ts) Dave Matthews (as) Bill Luther, Drew Page (ts) Claude Bowen, Harry James, Jack Palmer, Jack Schaeffer (tp) Russell Brown, Truett Jones (tb) Red Kent (g) Thurman Teague (b) Jack Gardner (p) Ralph Hawkins (d) Frank Sinatra (vo)

10

  • Fritz Richmond born (Newton, MA) American folk jug and washtub bass player, session musician. Worked with Jim Kweskin and the Jug Band. Died 2005
  • Mavis Staples born (Chicago, IL) American Gospel and soul singer, activist. Member of the Staple Singers and solo artist. Daughter of Pops Staples (1914-2000), sister of  Cleotha (b.1934), Pervis (b.1935) and Yvonne (b.1936) Staples.

12

  • Earl Hines and His Orchestra record a session for Bluebird. Walter Fuller (tp, vo) Milton Fletcher, Ed Sims (tp) George Dixon (tb, as) Ed Burke, John Ewing, Joe McLewis (tb) Omer Simeon (cl, bars) Leroy Harris (as, vo) Budd Johnson (cl, as, ts, bars) Robert Crowder (ts) Earl Hines (p) Claude Roberst (g) Quinn Wilson (b) Alvin Burroughs (d). Tracks cut include Grand Terrace Shuffle; Ridin’ and Jivin’; Piano Man; Father Steps In; Indiana & GT Stomp 

13

  • György Szabados born (Budapest) Hungarian jazz and folk pianist. Died 2011

14

  • Vince Taylor aka Brian Holden born (Isleworth) English rock singer. Died 1991

16

  • William Bell born (Memphis, TN) American soul singer, songwriter.

17

  • Spencer Davis born (Swansea) Welsh rock multi-instrumentalist, bandleader. Led the Spencer Davis Group.

18

  • Brian Auger born (Bihar, India) English rock and jazz organist. Led the Brian Auger Trio / Trinity and Oblivion Express.
  • Dion DiMucci born (New York, NY) American pop singer, songwriter.
  • Witold Maliszewski (65) dies in Zalesie, Poland

19

  • Ketil Hvoslef aka Ketil Sæverud born (Bergen, Norway) Norwegian composer, organist. Son of Harald Sæverud (1897-1992).

21

  • Kim Fowley born (Los Angeles, CA) American pop and rock songwriter, record producer, manager, singer.

24

  • Charles McPherson born (Joplin, MO) American jazz alto saxophonist, bandleader. Worked with Charles Mingus.

29

  • Earl Hines records a solo piano session in New York for Blue Note. Tracks cut include The Father’s Getaway & Reminiscing at Blue Note

releases

  • Cab Calloway and his Orchestra – (Hep-Hep!) The Jumpin’ Jive / Trylon Swing (Vocalion)  
  • Billie Holiday and her Orchestra – I Gotta Right to Sing the Blues / Yesterdays (Commodore) 
  • Pete Johnson and his Boogie Woogie Boys – Cherry Red / Baby Look at You (Vocalion) 
  • Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five  – Keep A-Knockin’ / At the Swing Cats’ Ball (Decca) 
  • Washboard Sam – Diggin’ My Potatoes / Booker T Blues (Bluebird)  
Earl Hines 1903-83

Earl Hines 1903-83

Aug

2

  • Edward Patten born (Atlanta, GA) American soul singer. Member of Gladys Knight & the Pips. Died 2005

3

  • August Enna (80) dies in Copenhagen

4

  • Frankie Ford aka Francis Guzzo born (Gretna, LA) American rock and R&B singer.

9

  • Billy Henderson born (Detroit, MI) American soul singer. member of the Spinners. Died 2007
  • Edward ‘Butch’ Warren born (Washington, DC) American jazz bassist. Worked with Kenny Dorham, Miles Davis, Hank Mobley, Dexter Gordon, Herbie Hancock and many others.

13

  • Howard Tate born (Macon, GA) American soul singer, songwriter. Died 2011

15

  • Norma Waterson born (Hull) English folk singer, songwriter. Member of the Watersons. Sister of Lal (1943-98) and Mike (1941-2001) Waterson, mother of Eliza Carthy (b.1975), wife of Martin Carthy (b.1941).

16

  • Eric Weissberg born (New York, NY) American folk, bluegrass and country banjo player, session musician. Member of the Greenbriar Boys and the Tarriers and solo artist.
  • Charlie Christian joins the Benny Goodman Orchestra

17

  • Luther Allison born (Mayflower, AR) American blues guitarist, singer. Died 1997
  • Valery Gavrilin born (Vologda, Russia) Russian composer, teacher. Died 1999
  • Ed Sanders born (Kansas City, MO) American folk and rock singer, poet, activist, writer. Member of the Fugs.
  • Frank Sinatra makes his first studio recordings with the Harry James Orchestra for Columbia in New York. Claude Lakey (as, ts) Dave Matthews (as) Bill Luther, Drew Page (ts) Claude Bowen, Harry James, Jack Palmer, Jack Schaeffer (tp) Russell Brown, Truett Jones (tb) Red Kent (g) Thurman Teague (b) Jack Gardner (p) Ralph Hawkins (d) Frank Sinatra (vo). Tracks cut include My Buddy & It’s Funny To Everyone But Me

18

  • Maxine Brown born (Kingstree, SC) American soul singer.
  • Johnny Preston aka John Preston Courville born (Port Arthur, TX) American pop singer. Died 2011

19

  • Peter ‘Ginger’ Baker born (London) English rock and jazz drummer. Member of the Graham Bond Organisation, Cream, Blind Faith and Ginger Baker’s Air Force.

20

  • Enrico Rava born (Trieste) Italian jazz trumpeter.

21

  • James Burton born (Shreveport, LA) American rock and country guitarist, session musician. Worked with Rick Nelson, Elvis Presley and others.

25

  • Victor Fleming’s film The Wizard of Oz opens, starring Judy Garland. Music by Herbert Stothart, Carl W. Stalling, Max Steiner, Harold Arlen and E. Y. Harburg

27

  • Benjamin Britten’s Young Apollo for piano and strings premiered on CBC Radio, Canada

28

  • Robert Aitken born (Kentville, Nova Scotia) Canadian composer, flautist.

30

  • John Peel aka John Ravenscroft born (Heswall, Cheshire) English disc jockey, writer, broadcaster. Died 2004

31

  • Jerry Allison born (Hillsboro, TX) American rock drummer, songwriter. Member of the Crickets.
  • Cleveland Eaton born (Fairfield, AL) American jazz bassist, bandleader. Worked with the Ramsey Lewis Trio, Count Basie and others.

releases

  • Lale Andersen – Lied eines jungen Wachtpostens (Lili Marlen) / Drei rote Rosen (Gedenken) (Electrola Germany)
  • Charlie Barnet and his Orchestra – Cherokee / That All Night Record Man (Bluebird)
  • Count Basie and his Orchestra – Oh, Lady Be Good / You Can Depend on Me (Decca)
  • Blind Boy Fuller – I Want Some of Your Pie / Big Leg Woman Gets My Pay (Vocalion)
  • Judy Garland – Over the Rainbow / The Jitterbug (Decca)
  • Billie Holiday and her Orchestra – Them There Eyes / Some Other Spring (Vocalion)
  • Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five  – Sam Jones Done Snagged His Britches / Swingin’ in the Cocoanut Trees (Decca)
  • Artie Shaw and his Orchestra – Traffic Jam / Serenade to a Savage (Bluebird)

Sep

3

  • Oscar Straus is given French citizenship

5

  • John Stewart born (San Diego, CA) American rock and folk singer, songwriter, guitarist, banjo player. Member of the Cumberland Three, the Kingston Trio and solo artist. Died 2008
  • Count Basie’s Kansas City Seven record a session for Vocalion in New York. Buck Clayton (tp) Dicky Wells, Lester Young (ts) Count Basie (p) Freddie Green (g) Walter Page (b) Jo Jones (d). Tracks cut include Dickie’s Dream & Lester leaps in

6

  • David Allan Coe born (Akron, OH) American country singer, songwriter, guitarist, actor.
  • John Herald born (New York, NY) Folk and bluegrass singer, songwriter, guitarist. Member of the Greenbriar Boys. Died 2005

8

  • Guitar Shorty aka David William Kearney born (Houston, TX) American blues guitarist, singer.

10

  • Elisabeth Chojnacka born (Warsaw) Polish harpsichordist, teacher.

10

  • Hugo Riesenfeld (60) dies in Los Angeles

13

  • Gene Page born (Los Angeles, CA) American pop and R&B composer, arranger, record producer. Died 1998

14

  • Milan Turkovic born (Zagreb) Austrian bassoonist, conductor.

18

  • Naresh Sohal born (Hoshiarpur, Punjab, India) Indian composer.

19

  • Cornelis Dopper (69) dies in Amsterdam
  • The Dixie Hummingbirds make their first recordings for Decca in New York. Ira Tucker, James Davis (tenor) Barney Parks (bar) Jimmy Bryant (bass)

23

  • Roy Buchanan born (Ozark, AL) American blues guitarist, singer, session player. Died 1988
  • Zoltán Kodály’s Variations on a Hungarian Folksong ‘Felszállott a páva [The Peacock] for orchestra premiered in Amsterdam

24

  • Wayne Henderson born (Houston, TX) American jazz trombonist, record producer. Member of the Crusaders.
  • Sonny Turner born (Fairmont, WV) American R&B singer. Member of the Platters.

28

  • Elbridge Bryant born (Thomasville, GA) American soul tenor singer. Member of the Temptations. Died 1975

unk

  • Igor Stravinsky leaves France for the US
  • Topic Records launched in London as an offshoot of the Workers’ Music Association, an organisation associated with the British Communist Party. It is the oldest independent record label in the world

releases

  • Count Basie’s Kansas City Seven – Dickie’s Dream / Lester Leaps In (Vocalion)
  • Big Bill [Broonzy] – Preachin’ the Blues / Too Many Drivers (Vocalion)
  • Erskine Hawkins and his Orchestra – Tuxedo Junction / Gin Mill Special (Bluebird)
  • Glenn Miller and his Orchestra – In the Mood / I Want to Be Happy (Bluebird)
  • Paddy Ryan – The Man Who Put The Water In The Workers’ Beer / Topic Singers – The Internationale (Topic UK)
Count Basie's Kansas City Seven

Count Basie’s Kansas City Seven

Oct

2

  • The Charlie Barnet orchestra lose all their instruments and arrangements in a fire at the Palomar Ballroom, Los Angeles

6

  • ASCAP’s 25th Anniversary concert takes place at Carnegie Hall, New York with the Benny Goodman, Paul Whiteman, Fred Waring and Glenn Miller orchestras

7

  • Darius Milhaud’s opera Médée premiered in Antwerp, lib. M. Milhaud

9

  • Overton Vertis “OV” Wright born (Memphis, TN) American soul singer, songwriter. Died 1980

11

  • Coleman Hawkins and his orchestra record a session for Bluebird in New York. Joe Guy, Tommy Lindsay (tp) Earl Hardy (tb) Coleman Hawkjins (ts) Eustis Moore, Jackie Fields (as) Gene Rodgers (p) William O. Smith (b) Arthur Herbert (d). Tracks cut include Meet Dr. Foo; Fine Dinner; She’s Funny That Way & Body And Soul

14

  • Jimmy Blanton joins the Duke Ellington orchestra
  • The performing rights organisation BMI (Broadcast Music, Inc.) set up as a rival to ASCAP by the National Association of Broadcasters after the former had significantly raised royalty rates on radio plays

16

  • Ludolf Nielsen (63) dies in Copenhagen

18

  • Paddy Reilly born (Dublin) Irish folk singer, songwriter, guitarist. Member of the Dubliners and solo artist.
  • Richard Rodgers, Lorenz Hart & George Marion Jr’s musical Too Many Girls opens on Broadway (249 performances)

19

  • Masabumi Kikuchi born (Tokyo) Japanese jazz pianist, composer.
  • Marie Renard (74) dies in Graz, Austria

21

  • Gordon Bok born (Camden, ME) American folk singer, guitarist, sculptor, carpenter, sailor.

25

  • Jimmy Yancey records six solo piano tracks for Victor in Chicago: Yancey Stomp; State Street Special; Tell ’em About Me; Five O’clock Blues; Slow and Easy Blues & The Mellow Blues

29

  • Makaya Ntshoko born (Cape Town) South African jazz drummer. Worked with the Jazz Epistles, Dollar Brand, Dexter Gordon, Ben Webster, Hugh Masekela, Mal Waldron and others.

30

  • Edward Holland Jr. born (Detroit, MI) American soul singer, songwriter, record producer. Wrote with Lamont Dozier (b.1941) and brother Brian Holland (b.1941).
  • Grace Slick born (Chicago, IL) American rock singer, songwriter. Member of the Great Society, Jefferson Airplane and Jefferson Starship.

31

  • John Guerin born (Hawaii) American jazz and rock drummer, session musician. Member of LA Express. Died 2004
  • Ali Farka Touré born (Timbuktu, Mali) Malian blues and folk guitarist, singer, songwriter. Father of Vieux Farka Touré (b.1981). Died 2006

releases

  • Benny Goodman Sextet – Flying Home / Rose Room (In Sunny Roseland) (Columbia)

hawk

Nov

1

  • Bruno Walter leaves Germany for the United States

2

  • Béla Bartók’s 6 volumes of piano pieces Mikrokosmos completed

3

  • Joe McPhee born (Miami, FL) American jazz saxophonist, trumpeter and trombone player.

4

  • Charles Tournemire (69) dies in Arcachon, France

10

  • Ann Schein Carlyss born (White Plains, NY) American concert pianist, teacher.
  • Andrew Cyrille born (Brooklyn, NY) American jazz drummer, bandleader. Worked with Cecil Taylor, Charlie Haden, Carla Bley, John Carter and others.
  • Hubert Laws born (Houston, TX) American jazz, classical and pop  flautist, bandleader, session player.

12

  • Ruby Nash Curtis born (Akron, OH) American soul singer. Led Ruby & the Romantics.

13

  • Idris Muhammad aka Leo Morris born (New Orleans, LA) American jazz drummer, bandleader. Worked with Lou Donaldson, Pharaoh Sanders and Ahmad Jamal.

14

  • Wendy Carlos aka Walter Carlos born (Pawtucket, RI) American electronic musician, synthesiser pioneer.

18

  • Tom Johnson born (Greeley, CO) American composer, critic.
  • Stanley Bate’s ballet Perseus premiered in London
  • Manuel de Falla’s Homenajes for orchestra premiered in Buenos Aires

19

  • Pete Moore born (Detroit, MI) American soul singer, songwriter. Member of the Miracles.
  • Tommy Stewart born (Gadsden, AL) American jazz, funk and R&B trumpeter, pianist, arranger, producer.

20

  • Fats Waller records 20 solo organ and piano tracks for radio broadcastat a session in New York. The tracks cut surface on the LPs The Amazing Mr. Waller, Vol. 1 – Fats At The OrganThe Amazing Mr. Waller, Vol. 2 – Jivin’ With Fats released by Riverside in 1953

21

  • Dmitri Shostakovich’s Symphony no.6 premiered in St Petersburg

22

  • Stefan Dimitrov born (Burgas, Bulgaria) Bulgarian bass singer. Died 2004
  • Jimmy Blanton makes his first recordings with Duke Ellington as a duo for Brunswick in Chicago. Tracks cut include The Blues & Plucked Again
  • Tommy McClennan makes his first recordings for Bluebird in Chicago

23

  • Betty Everett born (Greenwood, MS) American soul singer, pianist. Died 2001
  • Artur Bodanzky (61) dies in New York

26

  • Tina Turner aka Anna Mae Bullock born (Nutbush, TN) American soul and pop singer. Worked with Ike Turner and solo.

29

  • Meco aka Domenico Monardo born (Johnsonburg, PA) American disco and jazz producer, composer, trombonist.

30

  • Walter Weller born (Vienna) Austrian violinist, conductor.

releases

  • Vera Lynn – We’ll Meet Again / Later On (Decca UK)
  • Fats Waller and his Rhythm – Your Feet’s Too Big / Suitcase Susie (Bluebird)
  • Sonny Boy Williamson – Good Gravy / T.B. Blues (Bluebird)

Dec

1

  • Max Fiedler (79) dies in Stockholm

5

  • William Lugg (87) dies in London

6

  • Tomáš Svoboda born (Paris) Czech-American composer.
  • Charles Dalmorès (68) dies in Los Angeles
  • Cole Porter, Herbert Fields & B.G. DeSylva’s musical DuBarry Was a Lady opens on Broadway (408 performances)

7

  • William Walton’s Violin Concerto premiered in Cleveland

8

  • Jerry Butler born (Sunflower, MS) American soul singer, songwriter, politician. Member of the Impressions and solo artist.
  • James Galway born (Belfast) Irish classical and popular flautist.
  • Ernest Schelling (63) dies in New York of a cerebral embolism

9

  • John Cage’s First Construction (In Metal) for percussion premiered in Seattle

11

  • Hilding Rosenberg’s Symphony no.3 ‘De fyra tidsåldrarna’ [The Four Ages of Man] premiered on Swedish radio, Stockholm

12

  • Ernst Kunwald (71) dies in Vienna
  • Alex North’s ballet Figure of Bewilderment premiered in New York

14

  • The Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra record a session for Vocalion in New York. Snooky Young, Eddie Tomkins, Tommy Stevenson, William Tomlin (tp) Russell Bowles, Elmer Crumbley (tb) Trummy Young (tb, vo) Jimmie Lunceford ,Willie Smith (as) Joe Thomas (vo, cl, ts) Earl Carruthers (cl, bars) Edwin Wilcox (p) Al Norris (g) Moses Allen (b) James Crawford (d). Tracks cut include Lunceford Special; Wham; Uptown Blues & Put It Away 

15

  • Cindy Birdsong born (Mount Holly, NJ) American soul and pop singer. Member of Patti Labelle & the Bluebelles and the Supremes.
  • Nicolaus A. Huber born (Passau) German composer.

16

  • Barney McKenna born (Dublin) Irish folk banjo and mandolin player. Member of the Dubliners. Died 2012

17

  • James Booker born (New Orleans, LA) American blues pianist, singer. Died 1983
  • Eddie Kendricks born (Union Springs, AL) American soul singer. Member of the Primes and the Temptations. Died 1992

18

  • Grikor Suni (63) dies in Philadelphia

19

  • Eric Fogg (36) dies after falling under a train at Waterloo Station, London. Possibly suicide
  • Pete Johnson’s Blues Trio record a session in New York for Blue Note. Tracks cut include Barrelhouse Breakdown; Kansas City Farewell; Vine Street Bustle; Some Day Blues; You Don’t Know My Mind & Holler Stomp. Pete Johnson (p) Ulysses Livingston (g) Abe Bolar (b)

20

  • Bill Keith born (Boston, MA) American bluegrass banjo player, steel guitarist. Worked with Bill Monroe and Jim Kweskin and the Jug Band.
  • Kim Weston born (Detroit, MI) American soul singer, disc jockey.

21

  • Sergei Prokofiev’s Zdravitsa [a toast] op.85 for chorus and orchestra premiered in Moscow for Stalin’s 60th birthday

22

  • Ma Rainey (53) dies in Columbus, GA following a heart attack

23

  • Johnny Kidd aka Frederick Heath born (London) English rock singer, songwriter. Led Johnny Kidd & the Pirates. Died 1966

24

  • Arnold Östman born (Malmo) Swedish conductor.
  • The 1939 Spirituals to Swing concert takes place at Carnegie Hall, New York. The Golden Gate Quartet, Benny Goodman Sextet, Ida Cox, Bill Broonzy, Sonny Terry, Kansas City Six, Helen Humes and Count Basie all appear

25

  • Don Alias born (New York, NY) American jazz percussionist, drummer, session player. Worked with Miles Davis, David Sanborn, Weather Report, Herbie Hancock and others. Died 2006
  • Bob James born (Marshall, MO) American jazz keyboard player, composer.

30

  • Felix Pappalardi born (New York, NY) American rock bassist, singer, songwriter, record producer. Member of Mountain. Died 1983

releases

  • Count Basie and his Orchestra – Jive at Five / Evil Blues (Decca)
  • Ida Cox – Death Letter Blues / Deep Sea Blues (Vocalion)
  • Benny Goodman and his Orchestra – Honeysuckle Rose / Spring Song (Columbia)
  • Coleman Hawkins and his Orchestra – Body and Soul / Fine Dinner (Bluebird)
  • Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five  – But I’ll Be Back / Honeysuckle Rose (Decca)

Date unknown

  • Conlon Nancarrow returns to the US, but has his passport confiscated because of his links with the Communist Party

songs published

  • All or Nothing at All (Jack Lawrence, Arthur Altman); At the Woodchopper’s Ball (Woody Herman, Joe Bishop); Darn That Dream (Eddie DeLange, James Van Heusen); Flyin’ Home (Sid Robin, Lionel Hampton, Benny Goodman); Honey Hush (Fats Waller, Ed Kirkeby); I Get Along Without You Very Well (Hoagy Carmichael, Jane Brown Thompson); In The Mood (Andy Razaf, Joe Garland); I’ve Got My Eyes On You; Well, Did You Evah! (both Cole Porter); Moonlight Serenade (Mitchell Parish, Glenn Miller); Over The Rainbow (E. Y. Harburg, Harold Arlen); Strange Fruit (Abel Meeropol); ‘Tain’t What You Do (Sy Oliver, Trummy Young); We’ll Meet Again (Hugh Charles, Albert Rostron Parker); When You Wish Upon A Star (Ned Washington, Leigh Harline)

releases

  • Solomon Linda’s Original Evening Birds – Mbube (Gallotone South Africa)
  • Lead Belly – Negro Sinful Songs (Musicraft) Five x 78rpm discs

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