1940

<1939 1941>

Jan

5

  • Arthur Whetsol (34) dies in New York of a brain tumour
  • Long-range FM broadcasting is demonstrated for the first time by Edwin H. Armstrong in the USA
  • Sidney Lanfield’s biopic of Stephen Foster Swanee River opens starring Don Ameche and Al Jolson. Music by Louis Silvers

6

  • Van McCoy born (Washington, DC) American soul and disco pianist, songwriter, arranger, record producer. Died 1979

7

  • Vivian Fine’s ballet They Too Are Exiles premiered in New York

8

  • Anthony Gourdine born (Brooklyn, NY) American R&B and soul singer. Led Little Anthony & the Imperials.
  • Roger Sessions’s Violin Concerto premiered in Chicago

10

  • Jacques Wolfe & Roark Bradford’s musical John Henry opens on Broadway, starring Paul Robeson and Josh White (7 performances)

12

  • Ronald Shannon Jackson born (Fort Worth, TX) American jazz drummer, bandleader. Worked with Albert Ayler, Ornette Coleman, Cecil Taylor, Last Exit.

14

  • Charles Ives’s Sonata no.4 for Violin and Piano premiered in New York

18

  • Don Thompson born (Powell River, British Columbia) Canadian jazz bassist, pianist, vibraphonist, bandleader.

19

  • Franz Syberg’s Symphony premiered in Copenhagen

20

  • Jorge Peixinho born (Montijo, Portugal) Portuguese composer, pianist, conductor. Died 1995

22

  • Addie “Micki” Harris born (Passaic, NJ) American pop singer. Member of the Shirelles. Died 1982
  • Eberhard Weber born (Stuttgart) German jazz bassist, composer, bandleader, session player. Worked with Jan Garbarek.

23

  • Ignacy Jan Paderewski appointed head of the Polish National Council, the Polish parliament in exile in London

26

  • Frank Sinatra makes his first stage appearance with the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra in Rockford, IL

30

  • David C. Johnson born (Batavia, NY) American composer, flautist, electronic musician.
  • Benjamin Britten’s Les illuminations for voice and strings premiered in London
  • Benny Carter and his Orchestra record a session for Vocalion. Joe Thomas, Lincoln Mills, Russell Smith (tp) James Archey, Vic Dickenson, Gene Simon (tb) Benny Carter (tp, as) James Powell, Carl Frye (as) Stanley Payne, Coleman Hawkins (ts) Eddie Heywood (p) Ulysses Livingston (g) Hayes Alvis (b) William Purnell (d). Tracks cut include Sleep & Slow Freight
  • The first Hammond Novachord analogue synthesizer is delivered to President Franklin D Roosevelt as a birthday present

unk

  • Don Redman disbands his orchestra

releases

  • Benny Goodman Sextet – Seven Come Eleven / Shivers (Columbia)  
  • Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five  – You Ain’t Nowhere / ‘Fore Day Blues (Decca) 

Poster for Sidney Lanfield’s film Swanee River

 

Feb

1

  • Frank Sinatra records his first session as a member of the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra for Columbia in Chicago. Tracks cut include The Sky Fell Down & Too Romantic

2

  • Alan Caddy born (London) English rock guitarist, record producer, session player. Member of Johnny Kidd & the Pirates and the Tornados. Died 2000
  • Vsevolod Meyerhold (65) executed in Moscow

4

  • Paul Hindemith leaves Switzerland for the US
  • Kurt Weill’s cantata The Ballad of Magna Carta premiered on CBS Radio

9

  • Norman Taurog’s film Broadway Melody of 1940 opens, starring Eleanor Powell & Fred Astaire. Music by Cole Porter, Roger Edens, Walter Ruick
  • Bohuslav Martinu’s Double Concerto for two string orchestras, piano and timpani premiered in Basel

10

  • Anton Webern’s Five Songs on Poems of Stefan George op.4 premiered in Basel

11

  • Henry Cowell’s Toccanta for soprano, flute, cello and piano & Rhythmicana for Rhythmicon and orchestra premiered in New York

14

  • John Cage’s Second Construction for four percussionists premiered in Portland
  • Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra record a session for Columbia in Chicago. Wallace Jones, Cootie Williams, Rex Stewart (tp) Lawrence Brown, Joe Nanton, Juan Tizol (tb) Barney Bigard (cl, ts) Johnny Hodges (as, ss) Otto Hardwicke (as, cl) Ben Webster (ts) Harry Carney (as, cl, bars) Duke Ellington (p) Fred Guy (g) Jimmy Blanton (b) Sonny Greer (d) Ivie Anderson (vo). Tracks cut include Sophisticated Lady; Stormy Weather; Solitude & Mood Indigo

16

  • Paul Hindemith arrives in the US

17

  • William Grant Still’s Can’tcha Line ‘em for orchestra premiered on CBS Radio

19

  • William ‘Smokey’ Robinson born (Detroit) American soul, R&B and pop singer, songwriter, record executive. Member of the Miracles and solo artist.
  • Bobby Rogers born (Detroit) American R&B and soul singer, songwriter. Member of the Miracles. Died 2013

20

  • Christoph Eschenbach born (Wroclaw) German pianist, conductor

23

  • Woody Guthrie writes This Land Is Your Land in a New York hotel room. The tune is taken from the Carter Family’s When The World’s On Fire

25

  • Jesús López-Cobos born (Toro, Zamora, Spain) Spanish conductor.

28

  • Joe South aka Joseph Souter born (Atlanta, GA) American rock singer, songwriter, guitarist, session musician. Died 2012
  • Arnold Dolmetsch (82) dies in Haslemere, Surrey
  • Henry Cowell’s Old American Country Set for orchestra premiered in Indianapolis

29

  • Paul Rutherford born (London) English jazz trombonist. Worked with Iskra 1903, Globe Unity Orchestra, Mike Westbrook and others. Died 2007
  • Herbert Stothart’s music for Victor Fleming’s film The Wizard of Oz wins the best score Oscar at the 12th Academy Awards

releases

  • Cliff Edwards – When You Wish Upon a Star / Ken Darby Singers – I’ve Got No Strings (Decca)
  • Ella Fitzgerald and her Orchestra – The Starlit Hour / Is There Somebody Else? (Decca)
  • Benny Goodman Sextet – Gone With “What” Wind / Till Tom Special (Columbia)
  • Billie Holiday and her Orchestra – The Man I Love / Night and Day (Vocalion)
  • Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five  – Hard Lovin’ Blues / You Run Your Mouth and I’ll Run My Business (Decca)
  • Tommy McClennan – Whiskey Head Woman / Bottle It Up and Go (Bluebird)
  • Glenn Miller and his Orchestra – Tuxedo Junction / Danny Boy (Londonderry Air) (Bluebird)

Eleanor Powell and Fred Astaire in a scene from Norman Taurog’s film Broadway Melody of 1940

 

Mar

3

  • Karl Muck (80) dies in Stuttgart
  • Artie Shaw & his New Music record a session for Victor in Hollywood, CA. Mannie Klein, George Thow, Charles Margulis (tp) Randall Miller, Bill Rank, Babe Bowman (tb) John Cave (frh) Artie Shaw (cl) Martin Ruderman (fl) Phil Nemoli (ob) Joe Krechter (bcl) Blake Reynolds, Bud Carleton (as) Jack Stacy, Dick Clark (ts) Harry Bluestone, Mark Levant, Peter Eisenberg, Robert Barene, Sid Brokaw, Dave Cracov, Jerry Joyce, Alex Law (vln) Dave Sterkin, Stan Spiegelman, Jacques Ray (vla) Irv Lipschultz, Jules Tannenbaum (cel) Stan Wrightsman (p) Bobby Sherwood (g) Jud DeNaut (b) Carl Maus (d). Tracks cut include Frenesi & Adios Marquita Linda

4

  • The Charioteers record a session for Columbia in New York. Tracks cut include So Long & Gaucho Serenade. Gospel quartet from Ohio. Founded 1930, disbanded 1957.

5

  • Aaron Copland’s John Henry for chamber orchestra premiered in New York

7

  • Charles Wakefield Cadman’s symphonic poem Pennsylvania premiered in Los Angeles

8

  • Walter Piston’s Violin Concerto No.1 premiered in New York

9

  • Igor Stravinsky marries Vera de Bosset in Bedford, MA

10

  • Louis Moholo born (Cape Town) South African jazz drummer, session player. Member of the Blue Notes and Brotherhood of Breath.
  • Dean Torrence born (Los Angeles, CA) American pop singer. Worked with Jan Berry as Jan & Dean.

12

  • Al Jarreau born (Milwaukee, WN) American jazz, soul and R&B singer.

13

  • Candi Staton born (Hanceville, AL) American soul and Gospel singer.

15

  • Phil Lesh born (Berkley, CA) American rock bassist, singer, songwriter. Member of the Grateful Dead.
  • Ferdinand Hellmesberger (77) dies in Vienna
  • Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra record a session for RCA Victor in Chicago. Wallace Jones, Cootie Williams, Rex Stewart (tp) Lawrence Brown, Joe Nanton, Juan Tizol (tb) Barney Bigard (cl, ts) Johnny Hodges (as, ss) Otto Hardwicke (as, cl) Ben Webster (ts) Harry Carney (as, cl, bars) Duke Ellington (p) Fred Guy (g) Jimmy Blanton (b) Sonny Greer (d) Herb Jeffries, Ivie Anderson (vo). Tracks cut include Koko; Jack The Bear; Morning Glory; You, You Darlin’ & So Far, So Good

16

  • Vagif Mustafazadeh born (Baku) Azerbaijani jazz pianist, composer. Died 1979
  • Keith Rowe born (Plymouth) English avant-garde guitarist, painter. Member of AMM and MIMEO.

19

  • Roger Dawson born (St Louis, MO) American jazz and salsa percussionist, bandleader, disc jockey.
  • Count Basie and his Orchestra record a session for Columbia in New York. Buck Clayton, Harry Edison, Al Killian, Ed Lewis (tp) Vic Dickenson, Dan Minor, Dicky Wells (tb) Earle Warren (as) Buddy Tate, Lester Young (ts) Jack Washington (as, bars) Count Basie (p) Freddie Green (g) Walter Page (b) Jo Jones (d) Helen Humes, Jimmy Rushing (vo). Tracks cut include Tickle Toe; I Never Knew; Let’s Make Hay While The Moon Shines & Louisiana

20

  • Benjamin Britten’s Violin Concerto premiered in New York

21

  • Solomon Burke born (Philadelphia, PA) American soul & Gospel singer, songwriter, preacher. Died 2010
  • (Also 22 Mar & 27 Mar) Woody Guthrie interviewed and recorded by John Lomax for the Archive of Folk-Song at the Library of Congress, Washington, DC. This is his first ever recording session

27

  • Derrick Morgan born (Clarendon, Jamaica) Jamaican ska singer, producer.
  • Sidney Bechet’s Blue Note Quartet record a session for Blue Note in New York. Sidney Bechet (ss) Teddy Bunn (g) Pops Foster (b) Sidney Catlett (d). Tracks cut include Lonesome Blues; Dear Old Southland; Saturday Night Blues & Bechet’s Steady Rider

29

  • Astrud Gilberto née Weinert born (Bahia, Brazil) Brazilian samba and bossa nova singer.
  • Ray Davis born (Sumter, CA) American doowop, soul and funk singer. Member of the Parliaments and Parliament-Funkadelic. Died 2005

31

  • Woody Guthrie plays at a benefit concert for migrant workers at the Forrest Theater, New York

releases

  • Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra [feat. Frank Sinatra] – Polka Dots and Moonbeams / I’ll Be Seeing You (Victor)
  • Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra – Jack the Bear / Morning Glory (Victor)
  • Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five  – You’re My Meat / Jake, What a Snake (Decca)
  • Artie Shaw and his Orchestra – Frenesi / Adios, Mariquita Linda (Victor)
  • The Wizard of Oz (Decca) 4 x 78rpm discs
bukkawhite

Bukka White 1906-77

 

Apr

1

  • Annie Nightingale born (London) English disc jockey, journalist.
  • Graciela Paraskevaidis born (Buenos Aires) Argentinian writer, composer.
  • Henry Cowell’s Symphonic Set for orchestra premiered in Chicago
  • Heinrich Karl Strohm appointed co-superintendent of the Vienna State Opera

2

  • Dave MacRae born (Auckland, NZ) New Zealand jazz and rock keyboard player. Worked with Buddy Rich, Nucleus, Matching Mole, Pacific Eardrum and others.

4

  • Sharon Sheeley born (Los Angeles) American pop songwriter. Died 2002
  • Richard Rodgers, Lorenz Hart, Gladys Hurlbut & Joshua Logan’s musical Higher and Higher opens on Broadway (108 performances)

6

  • Heitor Villa-Lobos’s opera Izath premiered in Rio de Janeiro, lib. A. Júnior and Villa-Lobos (concert performance)

9

  • Ken-Ichiro Kobayashi born (Iwaki, Fukushima, Japan) Japanese conductor, composer.
  • Sergei Prokofiev’s Piano Sonata No. 6 premiered on Radio Moscow

12

  • Herbie Hancock born (Chicago, IL) American jazz pianist, electronic keyboard and synth player, composer, bandleader. Worked with Miles Davis, the Head Hunters and solo.

13

  • Lester Chambers born (Flora, MS) American soul and rock singer, harmonica player. Member of the Chambers Brothers with brothers Joe (b.1942), George (b.1931) and Willie (b.1938) Chambers.
  • Tony Clarke born (New York, NY) American soul singer, songwriter. Died 1970
  • Vladimir Cosma born (Bucharest) Romanian composer, conductor, violinist.

15

  • Douglas Lilburn’s Overture: Aotearoa premiered in London
  • Igor Stravinsky arrested in Boston for violating a law that prohibited the reharmonization of the National Anthem, the Star-Spangled Banner

17

  • Billy Fury aka Ronald Wycherley born (Liverpool) English pop singer, songwriter. Died 1983

18

  • Florrie Forde (64) dies in Aberdeen of a brain haemorrhage

21

  • Conlon Nancarrow’s Septet for clarinet, alto-saxophone, bassoon, violin, viola, contrabass and piano premiered in New York
  • Michael Tippett’s Concerto for double string orchestra premiered in Morley

23

  • Adalberto Santiago born (Ciales, Puerto Rico) Puerto Rican salsa singer. Worked with Ray Barretto, Tipica 73, Los Kimbos, Fania All Stars and solo.
  • A fire destroys the Rhythm Club in Natchez, MS. 209 people die including bandleader Walter Barnes (34).
  • Samuel Barber’s A Stopwatch and an Ordnance Map op.15 for male chorus & 3 tympani premiered in Philadelphia

24

  • William Walton’s ballet The Wise Virgins premiered in London

25

  • Obie Burnett “O. B.” McClinton born (Senatobia, MS) American country singer, songwriter, guitarist. Died 1987

26

  • Giorgio Moroder born (Ortisei, Italy) Italian record producer, songwriter, electronic musician.
  • Woody Guthrie records ten songs at a session for RCA Victor in Camden, NJ. Together with two tracks cut on 3 May 40,  these recordings constitute the two volumes of Dust Bowl Ballads (Victor), each issued on 3 x 78rpm discs
  • Alan Rawsthorne’s String Quartet No. 1 premiered in London

27

  • Calypso Rose aka McCartha Linda Sandy-Lewis born (Bethel, Tobago) Tobagan calypso singer, songwriter.

28

  • Doudou Gouirand born (Nice) French jazz saxophonist, composer.
  • Luisa Tetrazzini (68) dies in Milan
  • John Cage’s Bacchanale for prepared piano premiered in Seattle

29

  • George Adams born (Covington, GA) American jazz tenor saxophonist, clarinetist, flautist, singer, bandleader. Worked with Charles Mingus, Gil Evans, McCoy Tyner and others. Died 1992

30

  • Darrell McCall born (New Jasper, OH) American country singer, songwriter, actor.

unk

  • Miklós Rózsa leaves Europe for the US

releases

  • Cab Calloway and his Orchestra – Pickin’ the Cabbage / Paradiddle (Vocalion)
  • Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra – Ko-Ko / Conga Brava (Victor)
  • Earl Hines and his Orchestra – Boogie Woogie on St. Louis Blues / Number 19 (Bluebird)
  • Billie Holiday and her Orchestra – Body and Soul / What Is This Going to Get Us? (Vocalion)
Woody-Guthrie-pb01

Woody Guthrie 1912-67

 

May

3

  • Conny Plank born (Hütschenhausen, Germany) German record producer, sound engineer, keyboard player, guitarist, electronic musician. Died 1987
  • Henry Cowell’s Shoonthree (The Music of Sleep) for band premiered in Mansfield, PA
  • Herbert Wilcox’s film Irene opens, starring Anna Neagle & Ray Milland. Music by Anthony Collins, Harry Tierney

4

  • Ronnie Bond born (Andover) English rock drummer. Member of the Troggs. Died 1992
  • Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra record a session for RCA Victor in Los Angeles. Wallace Jones, Cootie Williams, Rex Stewart (tp) Lawrence Brown, Joe Nanton, Juan Tizol (tb) Barney Bigard (cl, ts) Johnny Hodges (as, ss) Otto Hardwicke (as, cl) Ben Webster (ts) Harry Carney (as, cl, bars) Duke Ellington (p) Fred Guy (g) Jimmy Blanton (b) Sonny Greer (d). Tracks cut include Cotton Tail & Don’t Get Around Much Anymore

7

  • John Cage’s America was Promises for speaker and piano four hands; Four Songs of the Moment for piano; Spiritual for piano; & Imaginary Landscape no.2 for five percussionists premiered in Seattle

8

  • Rick Nelson born (Teaneck, NJ) American pop and country singer, actor. Died 1985

9

  • Dick Morrissey born (Horley, Surrey) English jazz tenor and soprano saxophonist, flautist, bandleader, session player. Member of Morrissey Mullen. Died 2000

10

  • Arthur Alexander born (Florence, AL) American soul singer, songwriter. Died 1993

11

  • Charlie Parker makes his first recordings in Kansas City (two solo saxophone numbers)

14

  • The Doelen in Rotterdam, home of the Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra, is destroyed by German bombing

18

  • Luigi Dallapiccola’s opera Volo di notte [Night Flight] premiered in Florence, lib. Dallapiccola

19

  • Mickey Newbury born (Houston, TX) American popular and country songwriter, singer. Died 2002
  • Bohuslav Martinu’s Cello Sonata no.1 premiered in Paris

20

  • Frederick “Shorty” Long born (Birmingham, AL) American soul singer, pianist. Died 1969

21

  • Tony Sheridan born (Norwich) English rock singer, songwriter, guitarist. Died 2013

23

  • Bjørn Johansen born (Fredrikstad, Norway) Norwegian jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, flautist, composer. Died 2002
  • Ernst Krenek’s Little Concerto premiered in New York

24

  • David Diamond’s Concert Piece premiered in New York

26

  • Mark Lavon “Levon” Helm born (Marvell, AR) American rock singer, drummer, multi-instrumentalist, actor. Member of The Band. Died 2012

28

  • John Bergamo born (Englewood, NJ) American percussionist, composer, teacher.
  • Irving Berlin & Morrie Ryskind’s musical Louisiana Purchase opens on Broadway (444 performances)
  • Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra record a session for RCA Victor in Chicago. Wallace Jones, Cootie Williams, Rex Stewart (tp) Lawrence Brown, Joe Nanton, Juan Tizol (tb) Barney Bigard (cl, ts) Johnny Hodges (as, ss) Otto Hardwicke (as, cl) Ben Webster (ts) Harry Carney (as, cl, bars) Duke Ellington (p) Fred Guy (g) Jimmy Blanton (b) Sonny Greer (d). Tracks cut include Dusk; Blue Goose; Bojangles & A Portrait Of Bert Williams
  • Nikolai Myaskovsky’s Symphony No. 20 premiered in Moscow

31

  • Count Basie and his Orchestra record a session for Columbia in New York. Buck Clayton, Harry Edison, Al Killian, Ed Lewis (tp) Vic Dickenson, Dan Minor, Dicky Wells (tb) Earle Warren, Tab Smith (as) Buddy Tate, Lester Young (ts) Jack Washington (as, bars) Count Basie (p) Freddie Green (g) Walter Page (b) Jo Jones (d) Helen Humes, Jimmy Rushing (vo). Tracks cut include Blow Top & Gone With What Wind

releases

  • Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra [feat. Frank Sinatra] – Devil May Care / Fools Rush In (Where Angels Fear to Tread) (Victor)  
  • Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra – Never No Lament (Don’t Get Around Much Anymore) / Cotton Tail (Victor)  
  • Blind Boy Fuller – Worn Out Engine Blues / Shake It Baby (Vocalion)  
  • Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra – Flying Home / Save It Pretty Mama (Victor) 
  • Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five  – Lovie Joe / Somebody Done Hoodooed the Hoodoo Man (Decca) 
  • Josh White – Harlem Blues (Musicraft) 3 x 78rpm discs

Lil Green 1919-54

 

Jun

3

  • Joe Higgs born (Kingston, Jamaica) Jamaican reggae singer, percussionist, songwriter, teacher. Died 1999

4

  • Sidney Bechet’s New Orleans Feetwarmers record a session for Victor. Sidney Bechet (cl,ss) Sidney De Paris (tp) Sandy Williams (tb) Cliff Jackson (p) Bernard Addison (g) Wellman Braud (b) Sid Catlett (d). Tracks cut include Make me a pallet on the floor; Shake it and Break it & Wild Man Blues

5

  • Johnny Dodds makes his final recordings for Decca in Chicago. Johnny Dodds (cl) Natty Dominique (cor) Preston Jackson (tb) Richard M Jones (p) Lonnie Johnson (g) John Lindsey (b) Baby Dodds (d)

6

  • Benjamin Britten’s Canadian Carnival for orchestra premiered on BBC radio

7

  • Tom Jones aka Thomas John Woodward born (Pontypridd) Welsh pop singer.

8

  • Nancy Sinatra born (Jersey City, NJ) American pop singer, actress. Daughter of Frank Sinatra (1915-98).
  • Frederick Converse (69) dies in Westwood, MA

10

  • John Stevens born (Ealing) English jazz and avant-garde drummer. Member of the Spontaneous Music Ensemble. Co-founder of youth music organisation Community Music that helped launch the careers of Courtney Pine, Asian Dub Foundation and others. Died 1994

11

  • Bela Bartók’s Divertimento for Strings premiered in Basel
  • Ernst Krenek’s Symphonic Piece premiered in Basel

13

  • Bobby Freeman born (San Francisco, CA) American soul singer, songwriter, record producer.
  • Champion Jack Dupree makes his first recordings for Okeh in Chicago. Tracks cut include Cabbage Greens; Black Woman SwingAngola Blues & Cabbage Greens #2

14

  • Francesco Guccini born (Modena, Italy) Italian folk singer, songwriter, guitarist, writer.
  • Dary John Mizelle born (Stillwater, OK) American composer, trombonist.

15

  • (& 17 Jun) Lead Belly and the Golden Gate Quartet record the album “The Midnight Special” and Other Southern Prison Songs for Victor, released on 3 x 78rpm discs

16

  • Vítězslava Kaprálová (25) dies in Montpelier of tuberculosis

17

  • Chuck Rainey born (Cleveland, OH) American jazz and rock bassist, session player.

19

  • Maurice Jaubert (40) dies after being wounded in combat at Azerailles, France

20

  • Jehan Alain (29) killed in battle at Le Petit-Puy, France. Posthumously awarded the Croix de Guerre for bravery
  • Emma Nevada (81) dies in Liverpool
  • Olivier Messiaen is captured by the Germans

23

  • Jimmy Castor born (New York, NY) American R&B and funk singer, saxophonist, bandleader, songwriter. Member of the Teenagers and the Jimmy Castor Bunch. Died 2012
  • Stuart Sutcliffe born (Edinburgh) Anglo-Scottish rock bassist, painter. Member of the Beatles. Died 1961
  • Diana Trask born (Melbourne) Australian country singer, pianist.
  • Sergei Prokofiev’s opera Semyon Kotko premiered in Moscow, lib. V. Katayev and Prokofiev

25

  • João Carlos Martins born (Sao Paulo) Brazilian pianist, conductor.
  • William Grant Still’s And They Lynched Him on a Tree for chorus, narrator and orchestra premiered in New York

29

  • Vyacheslav Artyomov born (Moscow) Russian composer.

30

  • Mark Spoelstra born (Kansas City, MO) American folk and blues singer, songwriter, guitarist. Died 2007

releases

  • Will Bradley and His Orchestra – Beat Me Daddy, Eight to the Bar parts 1 and 2 (Columbia)
  • Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra [feat. Frank Sinatra] – I’ll Never Smile Again / Marcheta (Victor)
  • Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra – Bojangles (A Portrait of Bill Robinson) / A Portrait of Burt Williams (Victor)
  • Glenn Miller and his Orchestra – Pennsylvania Six-Five Thousand / Rug Cutter’s Swing (Bluebird)
  • Bukka White – Black Train Blues / Fixin’ to Die Blues (Vocalion)
  • Bob Wills & His Texas Playboys – New San Antonio Rose / Bob Wills’ Special (Okeh)
lead

Lead Belly 1888-1949

 

Jul

3

  • Fontella Bass born (St Louis, MO) American soul singer, pianist. Died 2012
  • Peer Raben aka Wilhelm Rabenbauer born (Viechtach, Germany) German film composer, director. Died 2007

4

  • The Louvin Brothers play their debut show in Flatrock, AL

6

  • Jeannie Seely born (Titusville, PA) American country singer, songwriter, actress.

7

  • Ringo Starr aka Richard Starkey born (Liverpool) English rock and pop drummer, singer. Member of the Beatles, solo artist.

10

  • Brian Priestley born (Manchester) English jazz writer, pianist, broadcaster.
  • Donald Francis Tovey (64) dies in Edinburgh

12

  • Alberto Ginastera’s ballet Panambí, Leyenda Coreografica premiered in Buenos Aires

18

  • Johnny Hutchinson born (Malta) English rock drummer. Member of the Big Three.
  • Jim Kweskin born (Stamford, CT) American folk, ragtime and bluegrass singer, guitarist. Led the Jim Kweskin Jug Band.
  • Reinhold Glière’s opera Leyli i Medzhnun premiered in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. Lib. Glière

20

  • Billboard magazine publishes its first “Music Popularity Chart”. Glenn Miller has the first number one single with Fools Rush In (Where Angels Fear to tread) (only week)

26

  • Dobie Gray born (Nashville, TN) American soul singer, songwriter. Died 2011
  • Henry Cowell’s Pastoral and Fiddler’s Delight for orchestra premiered in New York
  • Art Tatum records a session for Decca. Tracks cut include Begin the Beguine; Rosetta; St. Louis Blues & Indiana 

27

  • Henry Cowell’s Fanfare for orchestra premiered in Oakland, CA

31

  • Paul Hindemith’s Organ Sonata no.3 premiered in Lennox, MA

releases

  • Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra – Dusk / Blue Goose (Victor)
  • Ink Spots – Whispering Grass (Don’t Tell the Trees) / Maybe (Decca)
  • Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five  – Penthouse in the Basement / Never Let Your Left Hand Know (What Your Right Hand’s Doin’) (Decca)
  • Woody Guthrie – Dust Bowl Ballads Volume 1 (Victor) 3 x 78rpm discs
  • Woody Guthrie – Dust Bowl Ballads Volume 2 (Victor) 3 x 78rpm discs
Woody Guthrie - Dust Bowl Ballads Volume 2 (Victor)

Woody Guthrie – Dust Bowl Ballads Volume 2 (Victor)

 

Aug

3

  • Ray Draper born (New York, NY) American jazz tuba player. Worked with Max Roach, John Coltrane, Archie Shepp and others. Died 1982
  • Roscoe Mitchell born (Chicago, IL) American jazz saxophonist, flautist, percussionist. Worked with the Art Ensemble of Chicago and solo.

4

  • Timi Yuro aka Rosemary Timothy Yuro born (Chicago, IL) American pop singer. Died 2004
  • Darius Milhaud’s Le cortège funèbre [the funeral cortege] for orchestra premiered on CBS Radio

5

  • Siegfried ‘Sigi’ Schwab born (Ludwigshafen, Germany) German jazz and classical guitarist.

6

  • Egil Kapstad born (Oslo) Norwegian jazz pianist, bandleader, composer.

7

  • Uwe Nettelbeck born (Mannheim) German record producer, journalist, film critic, activist, publisher. Member of Faust. Died 2007
  • Brownie McGhee makes his first recordings for Okeh in Chicago

8

  • Robert Margouleff born (New York, NY) American electronic musician, record producer, engineer, film producer. Member of Tonto’s Expanding Head Band.
  • Johnny Dodds (48) dies in Chicago following a heart attack
  • Count Basie and his Orchestra record a session for Okeh in Chicago. Buck Clayton, Harry Edison, Al Killian, Ed Lewis (tp) Vic Dickenson, Dan Minor, Dicky Wells (tb) Earle Warren (as) Buddy Tate, Lester Young (ts) Jack Washington (as, bars) Count Basie (p) Freddie Green (g) Walter Page (b) Jo Jones (d) Helen Humes, Jimmy Rushing (vo). Tracks cut include The World Is Mad parts 1 & 2 & Evenin’

9

  • Charlie Parker is recorded live with the Jay McShann Orchestra for the first time at a gig in Wichita, KS

10

  • Bobby Hatfield born (Beaver Dam, WI) American pop singer. Member of the Righteous Brothers. Died 2003
  • Alessandro Bonci (70) dies in Viserba, Italy

12

  • Tony Allen born (Lagos, Nigeria) Nigerian Afrobeat drummer, songwriter, bandleader, session player. Member of Africa 70.

16

  • Sean Bonniwell born (San Jose, CA) American rock singer, songwriter. Member of the Music Machine. Died 2011

18

  • Adam Makowicz aka Adam Matyszkowicz born (Hnojník, Czech Rep) Polish-Canadian pianist, composer.

19

  • Roger Cook born (Bristol) English popular songwriter.
  • Johnny Nash born (Houston, TX) American pop and reggae singer, songwriter, actor.

21

  • Paul Juon (68) dies in Vevey, Switzerland

27

  • Warren “Sonny” Sharrock born (Ossining, NY) American jazz guitarist, composer. Worked with Pharoah Sanders and Herbie Mann. Died 1994

28

  • Nik Turner born (Oxford) English rock saxophonist, flautist, singer, songwriter. Member of  Hawkwind, Inner City Unit and Space Ritual.

29

  • Bernie Maupin born (Detroit, MI) American jazz saxophonist, flautist, clarinetist. Worked with Herbie Hancock and Miles Davis.
  • Arthur De Greef (77) dies in Brussels

30

  • Robbie Basho aka Daniel Robinson born (Baltimore, MD) American folk and experimental guitarist, composer. Died 1986

31

  • Wilton Felder born (Houston, TX) American jazz saxophonist, bassist. Member of the Jazz Crusaders and the Crusaders.
  • William Alwyn’s Ballade for Viola and Piano premiered on BBC Radio

releases

  • Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra – At a Dixie Roadside Diner / My Greatest Mistake (Victor)
  • Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra – Sepia Panorama (Night House) / Harlem Air Shaft (Victor)
  • Lil Green – Romance in the Dark / What Have I Done? (Bluebird)
  • Harry James and his Orchestra [feat. Frank Sinatra] – All or Nothing at All / Flash (Columbia)
  • Bukka White – Parchman Farm Blues / District Attorney Blues (Okeh)
  • Joshua White & his Carolinians – Chain Gang (Columbia) 4 x 78rpm discs

Johnny Dodds 1892-1940

 

Sep

3

  • George Francis “Shadow” Morton born (Richmond, VA) American pop songwriter, record producer. Worked with the Shangri-las. Died 2013
  • Artie Shaw’s Gramercy Five record a session for Victor.  Billy Butterfield (tp) Artie Shaw (cl) Johnny Guarneiri (hpsd) Al Hendrickson (g) Jud DeNaut (b) Nick Fatool (d). Tracks cut include Special Delivery Stomp; Keep Myself for You; Summit Ridge Drive & Cross Your Heart 

6

  • Jackie Trent aka Yvonne Burgess born (Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs) English popular singer, songwriter, actress.

7

  • David Diamond’s Concerto for small orchestra premiered in Saratoga, NY

10

  • Roy Ayers born (Los Angeles, CA) American jazz and R&B singer, vibraphonist, bandleader. Worked with Herbie Mann and Ubiquity.
  • Dave Burrell born (Middletown, OH) American jazz pianist.

16

  • Hamiet Bluiett born (Brooklyn, IL) American jazz baritone saxophonist, flautist, bass saxophonist, clarinetist. Member of the World Saxophone Quartet.
  • Winston Grennan born (Duckenfield, Jamaica) Jamaican ska, reggae, R&B and jazz drummer, session player. Worked with the Skatallites, the Maytals, Jimmy Cliff and many others. Died 2000

19

  • Bill Medley born (Los Angeles, CA) American pop singer, songwriter. Member of the Righteous Brothers.
  • Sylvia Tyson née Sylvia Fricker born (Chatham, Ontario) Canadian folk singer, songwriter, guitarist, broadcaster. Worked with Ian Tyson as Ian and Sylvia.
  • Hilding Rosenberg’s children’s opera De två konungadöttrarna [The Two Princesses] premiered in Stockholm, lib. Rosenberg

21

  • Charley Straight (49) dies in Chicago after being hit by a motor car

22

  • István Thomán (77) dies in Budapest

23

  • Tim Rose born (Washington, DC) American rock singer, guitarist, songwriter. Died 2002
  • Rhené-Bâton (61) dies in Le Mans, France

24

  • Barbara Allbut born (Orange, NJ) American pop singer. Member of the Angels. Sister of Phyllis Allbut (b.1942).

26

  • Gary Bartz born (Baltimore, MD) American jazz alto and soprano saxophonist, clarinetist, bandleader. Worked with McCoy Tyner, Miles Davis, Woody Shaw, Donald Byrd, Norman Connors and others.
  • Creadel Jones born (Chicago, IL) American soul bass singer. Member of the Chi-Lites. Died 1994

28

  • Paul Hindemith appointed professor at Yale university, a position he holds until 1953

30

  • Dewey Martin aka Walter Milton Dwayne Midkiff born (Chesterville, Ontario) Canadian rock drummer. Member of Buffalo Springfield. Died 2009
  • Burl Ives’s first radio show, Back Where I Came From, is aired for the first time by CBS

releases

  • Andrews Sisters – Beat Me Daddy, Eight to a Bar / Pennsylvania 6-5000 (Decca) 
  • Will Bradley and His Orchestra – Celery Stalks at Midnight / Down the Road a Piece (Columbia)
  • Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five  – Waitin’ for the Robert E. Lee / Oh Boy, I’m in the Groove (Decca)  
  • Lead Belly [as Huddie Leadbelly] – Sail On, Little Girl, Sail On / Don’t You Love Your Daddy No More? (Bluebird) 
  • Bukka White – Sleepy Man Blues / Aberdeen Mississippi Blues (Okeh) 

Louis Jordan 1908-75

 

Oct

1

  • Jules Massenet’s incidental music for L. de Francmesnil’s play Le grillon du foyer [The cricket household] premiered in Paris

2

  • Patrick Sky born (Liveoak Gardens, GA) American folk singer, songwriter, guitarist.

4

  • Steve Swallow born (Fair Lawn, NJ) American jazz bassist, bandleader. Worked with Jimmy Giuffre, Gary Burton and Carla Bley.

5

  • Silvestre Revueltas (40) dies in Mexico City of pneumonia

7

  • Larry Young aka Khalid Yasin born (Newark, NJ) American jazz organist, composer. Worked with Miles Davis, Grant Green, Tony Williams and John Mclaughlin. Died 1978
  • Bill Monroe’s Blue Grass Boys make their first recordings in Atlanta, GA. Bill Monroe (vo, mand) Clyde Moody (vo, g) Tommy Magness (vln)  Bill Wesbrooks (b)
  • Artie Shaw & his Orchestra record a session for Victor in Hollywood, CA. George Wendt, Jack Cathcart, Billy Butterfield (tp) Jack Jenney, Vernon Brown (tb) Artie Shaw (cl) Les Robinson, Neely Plumb (as) Jerry Jerome, Bus Bassey (ts) Truman Boardman, Ted Klages, Bill Brower, Bob Morrow, Alex Beller, Eugene Lamas (vln) Allan Harshman, Keith Collins (vla) Fred Goerner (cel) Johnny Guarnieri (p) Al Hendrickson (g) Jud DeNaut (b) Nick Fatool (d). Tracks cut include Star Dust 

8

  • George Bellamy born (Sunderland) English rock guitarist (Tornados). Father of Muse’s Matt Bellamy (b.1978).
  • Fred Cash born (Chicago, IL) American soul singer. Member of the Impressions.
  • Béla Bartók plays his final concert in Budapest before emigrating to America

9

  • John Lennon born (Liverpool) English rock singer, guitarist, songwriter. Member of the Beatles, the Plastic Ono Band and solo artist. Died 1980

13

  • Chris Farlowe aka John Henry Deighton born (London) English rock and blues singer.
  • Ferrell “Pharoah” Sanders born (Little Rock, AR) American jazz tenor saxophonist, bandleader. Worked with John Coltrane and own bands.

14

  • Cliff Richard aka Harry Webb born (Lucknow, India) English pop singer.

17

  • Darius Milhaud’s Symphony no.1 premiered in Chicago

18

  • Jacques Higelin born (Brou-sur-Chantereine, France) French pop and rock singer, songwriter, guitarist, actor, activist.

21

  • Manfred Mann aka Manfred Lubowitz born (Johannesburg) South African rock and pop keyboard player, songwriter, bandleader.

23

  • Ellie Greenwich born (Brooklyn, NY) American pop songwriter. Wrote with Jeff Barry. Died 2009

24

  • John Alden Carpenter’s Symphony no.5 premiered in Chicago

25

  • Vernon Duke, John Latouche & Lynn Root’s musical Cabin in the Sky opens on Broadway (156 performances)

26

  • Eddie Henderson born (San Francisco, CA) American jazz trumpeter, doctor, bandleader. Worked with Herbie Hancock.
  • Alex North’s ballet Lupe premiered in New York

30

  • Cole Porter, Herbert Fields & B. G. DeSylva’s musical Panama Hattie opens on Broadway (501 performances)
  • Darius Milhaud’s String Quartet no.10 premiered in Washington, DC

unk

  • Virgil Thomson appointed music critic of the New York Herald-Tribune, a position he holds for 14 years

releases

  • Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra – In a Mellotone / Rumpus in Richmond (Victor)
  • Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five  – A Chicken Ain’t Nothin’ but a Bird / I Know You (Decca)
  • Lead Belly [as Huddie Leadbelly] – Alberta / T.B. Blues (Bluebird)
  • Blind Willie McTell – Cold Winter Day / Lay Some Flowers on My Grave (Decca)
  • Artie Shaw and his Orchestra – Summit Ridge Drive / Cross Your Heart (Victor)

Playbill for Vernon Duke, John Latouche & Lynn Root’s musical Cabin in the Sky

 

Nov

2

  • Phil Minton born (Torquay, Devon) English jazz and improv singer, trumpeter. Worked with Mike Westbrook.

3

  • Sonny Rhodes aka Clarence Edward Smith born (Smithville, TX) American blues singer, guitarist, steel guitar player, songwriter.

4

  • Delbert McClinton born (Lubbock, TX) American blues and rock singer, songwriter, guitarist, pianist, harmonica player.

5

  • Blind Willie McTell records a session with John Lomax for the Library of Congress, including several spoken word monologues

7

  • Igor Stravinsky’s Symphony in C premiered in Chicago

8

  • Léon Escalais (81) dies in Cuxac-d’Aude, France

9

  • Joaquin Rodrigo’s Concierto de Aranjuez for guitar and orchestra premiered in Barcelona

13

  • Tabu Ley Rochereau born (Bandundu, DR Congo) Congolese soukous singer, songwriter, bandleader, politician. Member of Grand Kalle & l’African Jazz, African Fiesta, African Fiesta National and Orchestre Afrisa International.
  • Walt Disney’s animated musical Fantasia opens, with music conducted by Leopold Stokowski (who also appears in the film)

15

  • Willie Dixon makes his first recordings for Bluebird in Chicago as a member of the Five Breezes. Willie Dixon (b, vo) Leonard Caston (g, vo) Gene Gilmore, Joseph Bell, Willie Hawthorne (vo)

16

  • Akira Endo born (Shido, Japan) Japanese-American conductor, pianist.
  • Aram Khachaturian’s Violin Concerto premiered in Moscow
  • Nikolai Myaskovsky’s Symphony No. 21 premiered in Moscow

21

  • Dr John aka Malcolm “Mac” Rebennack born (New Orleans, LA) American rock and R&B pianist, singer, songwriter.
  • The Group of Four (see 25 Nov 1935) give their last concert in Mexico City

22

  • Davey [Davy] Graham born (Hinckley) English folk guitarist, singer, songwriter. Died 2008

23

  • Catharina van Rennes (82) dies in Amsterdam
  • Billy Jones (51) dies in New York
  • Silvestre Revueltas’s ballet La Coronela premiered in Mexico City
  • Dimitri Shostakovich’s Piano Quintet premiered in Moscow

24

  • Henry Cowell’s Four Irish Tales for piano and orchestra premiered in New York

26

  • Sergei Prokofiev’s Piano Sonata no.6 premiered in Moscow

27

  • Emilio Pizzi (79) dies in Milan

29

  • Seán Cannon born (Galway) Irish folk singer, songwriter, guitarist. Member of the Dubliners since 1982 and solo artist.
  • Denny Doherty born (Halifax, Nova Scotia) Canadian pop singer, songwriter. member of the Mamas and the Papas. Died 2007
  • Billy Hart born (Washington, DC) American jazz drummer, teacher, session musician. Worked with Jimmy Smith, Wes Montgomery, Herbie Hancock, Stan Getz, Miles Davis and others.
  • Chuck Mangione born (Rochester, NY) American jazz flugelhorn player, trumpeter, keyboard player, composer, bandleader.
  • Doris Day makes her first recordings for Okeh in New York with the Les Brown Orchestra

releases

  • Duke Ellington and Jimmy Blanton – Sophisticated Lady / Pitter Panther Patter (Victor)
  • Ink Spots – Do I Worry? / Java Jive (Decca)
  • Lead Belly [as Huddie Leadbelly] – Worried Blues / Easy Rider Blues (Bluebird)
  • Memphis Slim – Beer Drinking Woman / Grinder Man Blues (Bluebird)
  • Sonny Boy Williamson – I’ve Been Dealin’ With the Devil / War Time Blues (Bluebird)
rodrigp3

Joaquin Rodrigo 1901-99

 

Dec

4

  • Freddy Cannon aka Frederick Anthony Picariello Jr. born (Swampscott, MA) American rock singer, guitarist.

5

  • Jan Kubelík (60) dies in Prague

6

  • Hilding Rosenberg’s Symphony no.4 ‘Johannes uppenbarelse’ [The Revelation of St John] premiered on Swedish radio, Stockholm
  • Arnold Schoenberg’s Violin Concerto premiered in Philadelphia

7

  • Darius Milhaud’s Sonatine for two violins op.221 premiered in San Francisco

8

  • Dimitri Shostakovich’s Four Romances on Poems by Pushkin op.45 for voice and piano premiered in Moscow

9

  • Clancy Eccles born (Saint Mary, Jamaica) Jamaican reggae and ska singer, songwriter, record producer, activist. Died 2005

11

  • David Gates born (Tulsa, OK) American pop and rock singer, songwriter, guitarist. Mamber of Bread and solo artist.

12

  • Dionne Warwick born (East Orange, NJ) American pop, soul and Gospel singer. Sister of Dee Dee Warwick (1945-2008).

14

  • Henry Cowell’s incidental music for Shakespeare’s play King Lear premiered in New York
  • Richard Strauss’ Japanese Festival Music op.84 for orchestra premiered in Tokyo

15

  • Ernst Krenek’s Proprium missae in festo SS.Innocentium martyrum [Proper mass on feast of the Holy innocents, saints and martyrs] for chorus premiered in Poughkeepsie, NY
  • Edmund Rubbra’s Symphony No.3 premiered in Manchester
  • Arnold Schoenberg’s Kammersymphonie no.2 op.38 for chamber orchestra premiered in New York

16

  • William Wallace (80) dies in London
  • The Delta Rhythm Boys record a session for Decca in New York. Tracks cut include Gimme Some Skin & Chilly ‘n’ Cold. Vocal group formed at Langston University, OH in 1934. Disbanded in 1987

17

  • Nguyen-Thien Dao born (Hanoi) Franco-Vietnamese composer.

19

  • Phil Ochs born (El Paso, TX) American folk singer, songwriter, guitarist. Died 1976
  • Henry Cowell’s Purdue for orchestra premiered in West Lafayette, IN
  • Hal Kemp is involved in a head-on car crash between Los Angeles and San Francisco. He suffers multiple injuries including fractured ribs, one of which punctures a lung

20

  • Josh White and the Golden Gate Quartet play a concert at the Library of Congress, Wahington, DC to mark the 75th anniversary of the abolition of slavery
  • Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Six Choral Songs to be Sung in Time of War premiered on BBC Radio

21

  • Frank Zappa born (Baltimore, MD) American rock and jazz guitarist, composer, record producer, singer. Worked with the Mothers of Invention and solo. Died 1993
  • Hal Kemp (36) dies in Madera, CA two days after his car accident.

23

  • Jorma Kaukonen born (Washington, DC) American rock guitarist. Member of Jefferson Airplane and Hot Tuna.
  • Eugene Record born (Chicago, IL) American soul singer, songwriter. Member of the Chi-Lites. Died 2005

25

  • Richard Rodgers, Lorenz Hart & John O’Hara’s musical Pal Joey opens on Broadway (374 performances)

27

  • Darius Milhaud’s song cycle Le voyage d’été op.216 [the summer voyage] premiered in New York

28

  • Lonnie Liston Smith born (Richmond, VA) American jazz keyboard player, composer, bandleader. Worked with the Jazz Messengers, Roland Kirk, Pharaoh Sanders, Gato Barbieri, Miles Davis, Lonnie Liston Smith and the Cosmic Echoes.

30

  • Kurt Weill’s musical play Lady in the Dark premiered in Boston, lib. M. Hart and Ira Gershwin

31

  • Mani Neumeier born (Munich) German rock and jazz drummer, singer, songwriter, bandleader, session player. Member of Guru Guru.

releases

  • Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra – Chloe (Song of the Swamp) / Across the Track Blues (Victor)
  • Artie Shaw and his Orchestra – Star Dust / Temptation (Victor)
  • Joe Turner and his Fly Cats – 627 Stomp / Piney Brown Blues (Decca)

date unknown

  • Texas Alexander convicted of murdering his wife the previous year and is gaoled for five years
  • Conlon Nancarrow flees to Mexico, and becomes a citizen in 1955

songs published

  • Bewitched, Bothered and Bewildered; It Never Entered My Mind (both Lorenz Hart, Richard Rodgers); Blueberry Hill (Al Lewis, Larry Stock, Vincent Rose); Cotton Tail (Duke Ellington);Fools Rush In (Where Angels Fear to Tread) (Johnny Mercer, Rube Bloom); How High the Moon(Nancy Hamilton, Morgan Lewis); I’m Gonna Move To The Outskirts Of Town (William Weldon, Andy Razaf); Is You Is Or Is You Ain’t My Baby? (Billy Austin, Louis Jordan); It’s A Lovely Day Tomorrow (Irving Berlin); I’ve Got No Strings(Ned Washington, Leigh Harline); A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square (Eric Maschwitz, Manning Sherwin); When The Swallows Come Back To Capistrano (Leon René); Whispering Grass (Fred & Doris Fisher); You Are My Sunshine (Jimmie Davis, Charles Mitchell)

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