- Morgan Fisher born (London) English rock keyboard player, composer, photographer. Member of the Love Affair rom 1966 to 1970, Mott the Hoople from 1973 to 1976, British Lions from 1976 to 1979 and solo artist.
- Sam Phillips opens up his first recording studio, the Memphis Recording Service
- William Schuman’s ballet Judith premiered in Louisville, KY
- Chris Stein born (Brooklyn, NY) American rock guitarist, songwriter. Founder member of Blondie.
- William Sweeney born (Glasgow) Scottish composer.
- Francis Poulenc’s Piano Concerto premiered in Boston
- David Johansen born (Staten Island, NY) American rock singer, songwriter, actor. Member of the New York Dolls from 1971 to 1977 and solo artist.
- Hilding Rosenberg’s Concerto no.2 for orchestra premiered in Malmö
- Kurt Weill’s opera Down in the Valley becomes the first opera to be broadcast on television when it is screened by NBC
- Damo Suzuki born (Kanagawa, Japan) Japanese rock and avant-garde singer, improviser. Member of Can from 1970 to 1973 and solo artist.
- Benjamin Frankel’s overture May Day op.22 premiered in Liverpool
- Billy Ocean aka Leslie Charles born (Fyzabad, Trinidad) Anglo-Trinidadian R&B singer, songwriter, guitarist.
- Michael Schelle born (Philadelphia) American composer, conductor, teacher, writer.
- Bill Cunningham born (Memphis, TN) American rock bass guitarist. Member of the Box Tops from 1967 to 1969 and from 1996 to 2010.
- Danny Federici born (Flemington, NJ) American rock keyboard player, accordionist. Member of the E Street Band from 1972 to 2007. Died 2008
- John Greaves born (Prestatyn, Wales) Welsh rock bass guitarist, singer, keyboard player, composer. Member of Henry Cow from 1969 to 1976, National Health from 1976 to 1981 and solo artist.
- Luis Alberto Spinetta born (Buenos Aires) Argentinian rock singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist. Member of Almendra from 1967 to 1970, Pescado Rabioso from 1971 to 1973, Invisible from 1973 to 1977, Spinetta Jade from 1980 to 1985 and solo artist. Died 2012
- Kenny Drew makes his recorded debut with the Howard McGhee All Stars for Blue Note in New York. Howard McGhee (tp) J.J. Johnson (tb) Brew Moore (ts) Kenny Drew (p) Curly Russell (b) Max Roach (d). Tracks cut include Lo-Flame; Fuguetta; Fluid Drive; Meciendo; Donellon Square & I’ll Remember April
- Alex North’s 3 Pieces for chamber orchestra premiered in New York
- Joe McCoy (44) dies in Kansas City, MO of heart disease
- Dave Bartholomew – Country Boy / Mr Fool (DeLuxe)
- Clarence Gatemouth Brown – Mary Is Fine / My Time Is Expensive (Peacock)
- Fats Domino – The Fat Man / Detroit City Blues (Imperial)
- Dizzy Gillespie – Say When / You Stole My Wife, You Horse Thief (Capitol)
- John Lee Hooker – Playin’ the Races / Howlin’ Wolf (Modern)
- Charlie Parker – Bird Of Paradise / Dexterity (Dial)
- Bud Powell’s Modernists – Bouncing With Bud / Wail (Blue Note)
- Hank Williams – I Just Don’t Like This Kind of Living / May You Never Be Alone (MGM)
- Count Basie – Dance Parade (Columbia)
- David Diamond’s symphonic poem Timon of Athens premiered in Louisville, KY
- Natalie Cole born (Los Angeles, CA) American soul and pop singer. Daughter of Nat ‘King’ Cole (1917-65).
- Armen Tigranian (70) dies in Tbilisi, Georgia
- Steve Hackett born (London) English rock guitarist, songwriter, record producer. Member of Genesis from 1970 to 1977 and solo artist.
- Peter Gabriel born (Chobham) English rock singer, songwriter, record producer, musician. Member of Genesis from 1968 to 1975 and solo artist.
- Billy Ficca born (Wilmington, DE) American rock drummer. Member of Television from 1973.
- Andy Powell born (London) English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter. Founder member of Wishbone Ash.
- Darius Milhaud’s Barba Garibo op.298 for chorus and orchestra premiered in Menton, France
- Walter Becker born (Queens, NY) American rock guitarist, bassist, songwriter, record producer. Founder member of Steely Dan.
- Tony Wilson born (Salford) English record executive, journalist, broadcaster. Founder of Factory Records. Died 2007
- Roberto Gerhard’s ballet Don Quixote premiered in London
- Genesis P-Orridge aka Neil Megson born (Manchester) English rock and experimental singer, songwriter, conceptual artist. Member of Throbbing Gristle from 1975 to 1981 and Psychic TV from 1981 to 1999.
- Emitt Rhodes born (Decatur, IL) American pop singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, recording engineer.
- The first commercially issued tape recordings are released by Tape Recording Industries of Lansing, MI
- Harry Lauder (79) dies in Strathaven, Lanarkshire
- Elliott Carter’s Sonata for cello and piano premiered in New York
- Ernst Albert Couturier (80) dies in an asylum in Wingdale, NY
- Anton Karas – The Harry Lime Theme / The Café Mozart Waltz (Decca UK)
- Joe Liggins – Rag Mop / Ramblin’ Blues (Speciality)
- Professor Longhair – Mardi Gras In New Orleans / She Walks Right In (Atlantic)
- Bud Powell’s Modernists – Dance Of The Infidels / 52nd Street Theme (Blue Note)
- Muddy Waters – Screaming and Crying / Where’s My Woman Been (Aristocrat)
- Luke the Drifter [Hank Williams] – Beyond the Sunset / The Funeral (MGM)
- Original Cast – Selections from Porgy and Bess (Decca)
- Paul Hindemith’s Sinfonietta in E for orchestra premiered in Louisville, KY
- Gian Carlo Menotti’s opera The Consul premiered in Philadelphia, lib. Menotti
- Sergei Prokofiev’s Sonata for cello and piano op.119 premiered in Moscow
- Karen Carpenter born (New Haven, CT) American pop singer, songwriter, drummer. Founder member of the Carpenters. Sister of Richard Carpenter (b.1946). Died 1983
- Steve Beresford born (Wellington, Shropshire) English jazz and avant-garde multi-instrumentalist. Worked with Derek Bailey, Evan Parker, John Zorn and others.
- Peter Maxwell Davies’ Fantasy Suite no.1 for piano premiered on BBC radio
- Darius Milhaud’s Piano Sonata no.2 op.293 premiered on BBC radio
- The Miles Davis Nonet’s third and final Birth of the Cool session takes place in New York. Miles Davis (tp) J.J. Johnson (tb) Gunther Schuller (frh) Bill Barber (tu) Lee Konitz (as) Gerry Mulligan (bars) John Lewis (p) Al McKibbon (b) Max Roach (d) Kenny Pancho Hagood (vo). Tracks cut include Deception; Rocker; Moon Dreams & Darn That Dream
- Stephen Oliver born (Chester) English composer. Died 1992
- Katia Labèque born (Bayonne, France) French concert pianist. Worked as a duo with her sister Marielle Labèque (b.1952).
- Bobby McFerrin born (New York, NY) American jazz, pop, experimental and classical singer, songwriter, conductor.
- Nat King Cole records Mona Lisa at a session for Capitol in Los Angeles with Les Baxter and his Orchestra and arranged by Nelson Riddle
- Sergei Prokofiev’s Symphony No. 4 (second version) premiered on BBC radio
- Aaron Copland’s Four Piano Blues premiered in New York
- Bohuslav Martinu’s Five Czech Madrigals for chorus premiered in New York
- Heitor Villa-Lobos’s Assobio a játo [Jet Whistle] for flute and cello premiered in Rio de Janeiro
- Hans Werner Henze’s Kammersonate for violin, cello and piano premiered in Cologne
- Ernst Krenek’s Symphony no.5 premiered in Albuquerque, NM
- Pierre Schaeffer & Pierre Henry’s Bidule en ut [Thing in C] for tape premiered in Paris
- James Conlon born (Queens, NY) American conductor, music director.
- Pierre Schaeffer & Pierre Henry’s Symphonie Pour Un Homme Seul [Symphony For A Man Alone] for turntables and mixers premiered in Paris
- Carl Palmer born (Birmingham) English rock drummer, composer. Member of The Crazy World of Arthur Brown from 1968 to 1969, Atomic Rooster from 1969 to 1970 and Emerson, Lake and Palmer from 1970.
- Elena Firsova born (St Petersburg) Russian composer.
- Roger Hodgson born (Portsmouth) English rock singer, songwriter, keyboard player, guitarist. Member of Supertramp from 1969 to 1983 and solo artist.
- Aaron Copland’s music for William Wyler’s film The Heiress wins the best dramatic score Oscar at the 22nd Academy Awards. Johnny Green and Roger Edens and Lennie Hayton’s music for Gene Kelly and Stanley Donen’s film On the Town wins the award for best musical score
- Virgil Thomson’s Concerto for cello and orchestra premiered in Philadelphia
- Édith Canat de Chizy born (Lyon) French composer, teacher.
- Teddy Pendergrass born (Philadelphia, PA) American soul singer, songwriter, drummer. Member of Harold Melvin & the Blue Notes from 1972 to 1977 and solo artist. Died 2010
- Tony Banks born (East Hoathly, Sussex) English rock keyboard player, songwriter, composer. Founder member of Genesis.
- Mory Kanté born (Kissidougou, Guinea) Guinean kora player, singer, UN Goodwill Ambassador (2001).
- Ada Brown (59) dies in Kansas City, MO of kidney disease
- Fats Domino – Boogie Woogie Baby / Little Bee (Imperial)
- Lester Flatt & Earl Scruggs – Foggy Mountain Breakdown / No Mother or Dad (Mercury)
- Hank Williams – My Son Calls Another Man Daddy / Long Gone Lonesome Blues (MGM)
- Harry James / Doris Day – Young Man with a Horn (Columbia)
- Charlie Parker with Strings (Mercury) 3 x 78rpm discs. Original issue
- Bud Powell – Piano (Mercury) 3 x 78rpm discs
- Frank Sinatra – Dedicated To You (Columbia) orchestra conducted by Axel Stordahl
- Billy Currie born (Huddersfield) English rock keyboard player, viola player. Member of Ultravox from 1974.
- Peter Mennin’s Symphony No.5 premiered in Dallas
- Charles Ives’ The Anti-Abolitionist Riots; Some Southpaw Pitching & Studies nos.9 & 21 all for piano premiered in New York
- Phillip “Pip” Pyle born (Sawbridgeworth, Herts) English rock and jazz drummer. Member of Gong from 1971 to 1972, Hatfield and the North from 1972 to 1975 and National Health from 1975 to 1981. Died 2006
- Kurt Weill (50) dies in New York of a cerebral embolism
- Agnetha Faltskog born (Jonkoping, Sweden) Swedish pop singer. Member of ABBA from 1972 and 1982 and solo artist.
- Ernst Krenek’s The Ballad of the Railroads op.98 for chorus premiered in New York
- Signe Lund (81) dies in Oslo
- Vaslav Nijinsky (60) dies of nephritis in a London psychiatric clinic
- Eddie Hazel born (Brooklyn, NY) American funk guitarist. Member of Parliament – Funkadelic from 1967 to 1974. Died 1992
- Lee Ving aka Lee James Capellaro born (Philadelphia) American rock singer, guitarist, actor. Founder member of Fear.
- David Cassidy born (New York, NY) American pop singer, songwriter, actor. Member of the Partridge Family from 1970 to 1974 and solo artist.
- Tony Bennett makes his first recordings for Columbia in New York. Tracks cut include Boulevard of Broken Dreams
- Gerald Tyrwhitt-Wilson, 14th Baron Berners aka Lord Berners (66) dies in Faringdon, Oxfordshire
- Heitor Villa-Lobos’s Piano concerto no.2 premiered in Rio de Janeiro
- Peter Frampton born (Beckenham, Kent) English rock singer, songwriter, guitarist. Member of the Herd from 1966 to 1969, Humble Pie from 1969 to 1971 and solo artist.
- Gemma Bellincioni (85) dies in Naples
- Leonard Bernstein’s incidental music for J.M. Barrie and Bernstein’s play Peter Pan premiered in New York
- Hans Werner Henze’s Five Madrigals for chorus premiered in Frankfurt
- Lakshminarayana Shankar born (Chennai) Indian classical and jazz violinist, singer, composer. Member of Shakti from 1975 to 1977.
- Paul Hindemith’s Sonata for double bass premiered in Vienna
- Calvin E. Simmons born (San Francisco) American conductor. Died 1982
- Karl Straube (77) dies in Leipzig
- Robert Black born (Dallas, TX) American composer, conductor, pianist. Died 1993
- Willie Colón born (New York, NY) American Latin, jazz and salsa trumpeter, trombonist, bandleader, composer, actor, politician.
- Morton Feldman’s Journey to the End of Night for soprano, flute, clarinet, bass clarinet and bassoon premiered in Minneapolis
- Pierre Boulez’s Piano Sonata no.2 premiered in Paris
- Anton Karas has the Billboard number one single for the first of five weeks with The Third Man Theme
- Heitor Villa-Lobos’s Symphony no.6 premiered in Rio de Janeiro
- Fender introduces the Esquire, its first electric guitar
- Calvin Boze – Safronia B / Angel City Blues (Aladdin)
- Tiny Bradshaw – Well Oh Well / I Hate You (King)
- Sonny Criss – Tornado / Blues For The Boppers (Mercury)
- Stan Getz – Long Island Sound / Mar-Cia (Prestige)
- John Lee Hooker – Wednesday Evening / No Friend Around (Modern)
- Joe Liggins and his Honeydrippers – Pink Champagne / Sentimental Lover (Specialty)
- James Moody – Moody’s Mood for Love aka I’m in the Mood for Love / The Flight (Prestige)
- Ravens – Count Every Star / I’m Gonna Paper All My Walls With Your Love (National)
- Harry Van Walls – Tee Nah Nah / Ain’t Gonna Scold You (Atlantic)
- Muddy Waters – Rollin’ and Tumblin’ parts 1 & 2 (Aristocrat)
- Original Soundtrack – Annie Get Your Gun (MGM)
- Lou Gramm aka Louis Grammatico born (Rochester, NY) American rock singer, songwriter, drummer. Member of Foreigner from 1976 to 2003 and solo artist.
- Vet Stone aka Vaetta Stewart born (Vallejo, CA) American R&B singer. Member of Little Sister – Sly and the Family Stone’s background vocal group. Sister of Sly (b.1943), Freddie (b.1947) and Rose (b.1945) Stone.
- Leo Watson (52) dies in Los Angeles
- Mary Hopkin born (Pontardawe, Glamorgan) Welsh folk and pop singer, songwriter, guitarist, pianist.
- The Red Norvo Trio make their first recordings for Savoy in Los Angeles. Red Norvo (vib) Tal Farlow (g) Charles Mingus (b)
- Darryl Hunt born (Hampshire) English rock bass guitarist. Member of Plummet Airlines from 1973 to 1977 and the Pogues from 1986 to 1996.
- Gian Francesco Malipiero’s opera L’allegra brigata [The merry band], lib. Malipiero, premiered in Milan
- Bertha “Chippie” Hill (45) dies after being hit by a car in New York
- Tom Petersson born (Rockford, IL) American rock bass guitarist, guitarist, singer, songwriter. Member of Cheap Trick from 1974 ot 1980 and from 1987.
- Billy Squier born (Boston, MA) American rock singer, songwriter, guitarist, keyboard player.
- Darius Milhaud’s opera Bolivar premiered in Paris, lib. M. Milhaud
- Stevie Wonder aka Stevland Morris born (Saginaw, MI) American soul singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, record producer.
- Danny Kirwan born (London) English rock guitarist, songwriter. Member of Fleetwood Mac from 1968 to 1972 and solo artist.
- Pauline de Ahna (87) dies in Garmisch-Partenkirchen
- Mark Mothersbaugh born (Akron, OH) American rock singer, keyboard player, guitarist, songwriter, television composer. Member of Devo from 1972. Brother of Bob Mothersbaugh (b.1952).
- Bohuslav Martinu’s Piano Trio no.2 premiered in Cambridge, MA
- Peter Maxwell Davies’ Spring Pastorale for piano; Fantasy Suite no.2 for piano & Das ausgebildete Geschöpf [The trained creature] for piano premiered on BBC radio
- George Sidney’s film Annie Get Your Gun opens starring Betty Hutton. Music by Irving Berlin
- Aaron Copland’s song cycle Twelve Poems of Emily Dickinson premiered in New York
- Lukas Foss’s opera The Jumping Frog of Calaveras County premiered in Bloomington, IN, lib. J. Karsavina
- Warren Cann born (Vancouver) Canadian rock drummer. Member of Ultravox from 1974.
- Victor Lewis born (Omaha, NE) American jazz drummer, bandleader.
- Luigi Dallapiccola’s opera Il prigioniero [the Prisoner] premiered in Florence, lib. Dallapiccola
- Bernie Taupin born (Sleaford, Lincolnshire) English rock and pop lyricist, songwriter, singer, poet. Worked with Elton John.
- Richard Strauss’ Four Last Songs for soprano and orchestra premiered in London
- Hilding Rosenberg’s String Quartet no.5 premiered in Stockholm
- Otomar Kvěch born (Prague) Czech composer, teacher.
- Rebbie Jackson born (Gary, IN) American pop and soul singer, actress. Sister of Rebbie (b.1950) Jackie (b.1951) Tito (b.1953) Jermaine (b.1954) La Toya (b.1956) Marlon (b.1957) Michael (1958-2009) Randy (b.1961) and Janet (b.1966) Jackson
- Pete Zorn born (Somerset, PA) American folk and rock multi-instrumentalist, session player. Worked with Richard Thompson and others.
- Mothe Maybelle and the Carter Sisters (Helen, June and Anita) join the Grand Ole Opry in Nashville
- Nat King Cole – Mona Lisa / The Greatest Inventor (Capitol)
- Fats Domino – She’s My Baby / Hide Away Blues (Imperial)
- Lowell Fulson – Everyday I Have The Blues / Rocking After Midnight (Swingtime)
- Pérez Prado – Qué rico el Mambo (Mambo Jambo) / Mambo No. 5 (RCA Victor)
- Professor Longhair – Walk Your Blues Away / Professor Longhair Blues (Atlantic)
- Frank Sinatra – American Beauty Rose / Just An Old Stone House (Columbia)
- Hank Snow – I’m Movin’ On / Marriage Vows (RCA Victor)
- Hank Williams – Why Don’t You Love Me / A House Without Love (Is Not a Home) (MGM)
- Tom Robinson born (Cambridge) English rock singer, songwriter, bassist, broadcaster. Member of Cafe Society from 1973 to 1976, the Tom Robinson Band from 1976 to 1979 and solo artist.
- André Jolivet’s Concertino pour trompette premiered in Royaumont, France
- Suzi Quatro born (Detroit, MI) American rock and pop singer, bassist, songwriter, broadcaster.
- Deniece Williams born (Gary, IN) American soul and Gospel singer, songwriter, record producer.
- Leonard and Phil Chess change the name of Aristocrat Records to Chess Records
- Dagmar Krause born (Hamburg) German rock and avant-garde singer. Member of Slapp Happy from 1972 to 1974, Henry Cow from 1975 to 1977, the Art Bears from 1978 to 1981 and solo artist.
- Sidney Bechet leaves the US for good to live in France
- Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie make their final studio recordings together for Clef in New York. Dizzy Gillespie (tp) Charlie Parker (as) Thelonious Monk (p) Curly Russell (b) Buddy Rich (d). Tracks cut include Bloomdido; My Melancholy Baby; An Oscar For Treadwell; Mohawk; Leap Frog & Relaxin’ With Lee
- Paul Hindemith’s French Horn Concerto premiered in Baden-Baden
- Joe Burke (66) dies in Upper Darby, PA
- Dimitri Shostakovich’s orchestral suite The Fall of Berlin premiered in Moscow
- Peter Sculthorpe’s String Quartet No.4 premiered in Melbourne
- Olivier Messiaen’s Cinq rechants for 12 voices premiered in Paris
- Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Folksongs of the Four Seasons for female chorus premiered in London
- Jackie Leven born (Kirkcaldy, Fife) Scottish rock and folk singer, songwriter, guitarist. Member of Doll By Doll from 1975 to 1983 and solo artist. Died 2011
- Grazyna Bacewicz’s Concerto for String Orchestra premiered in Warsaw
- Ann Wilson born (San Diego, CA) American rock singer, songwriter, flautist, guitarist. Member of Heart from 1967. Sister of Nancy Wilson (b.1954).
- Benjamin Britten’s Lachrymae: Reflections on a Song of John Dowland for viola and piano premiered in Aldeburgh
- Joey Kramer born (New York, NY) American rock drummer. Member of Aerosmith from 1970.
- Derrick ‘Duckie’ Simpson born (Kingston, Jamaica) Jamaican reggae singer. Member of Black Uhuru from 1972.
- Decca becomes the first company to issue 33rpm LPs in the UK
- Antonina Nezhdanova (77) dies in Moscow
- Burl “Jaybird” Coleman (54) dies in Tuskegee, AL of cancer
- Henry Balfour Gardiner (72) dies in Salisbury, Wiltshire
- Charlie Parker – Klactoveedsedstene / Charlie’s Wig (Dial)
- Les Paul & Mary Ford – Nola / Jealous (Capitol)
- Muddy Waters – Rollin’ Stone / Walkin’ Blues (Chess)
- Weavers – Goodnight Irene / Tzena, Tzena, Tzena (Decca)
- Hank Williams – Too Many Parties & Too Many Pals / Everything’s OK (MGM)
- Émile Jaques-Dalcroze (84) dies in Geneva
- Fats Navarro makes his final stage appearance, with Charlie Parker at Birdland, New York
- John Antill’s symphonic ballet Corroboree premiered in Sydney
- The Hazel Scott Show premiered on Dumont TV in the US, the first American television show fronted by a black woman. It is cancelled on 29th September due to advertising boycott and her summons to appear before the House Un-American Activities Committee
- Huey Lewis aka Hugh Anthony Cregg III born (New York) American rock singer, songwriter. Member of Clover from 1972 to 1979 and Huey Lewis and the News from 1979.
- Michael Monarch born (Los Angeles, CA) American rock guitarist. Member of Steppenwolf from 1967 to 1969.
- The Charlie Parker Quartet (Charlie Parker (as) Bernie Leighton (p) Ray Brown (b) Buddy Rich (d)) and the Joe Lippman Orchestra record the album Charlie Parker With Strings #2 for Mercury in New York. Tracks cut include Laura ; Dancing In The Dark; You Came Along From Out Of Nowhere; East Of The Sun; They Can’t Take That Away From Me; I’m In The Mood For Love; Easy To Love & I’ll Remember April.
- Fats Navarro (26) dies in New York of tuberculosis
- Nat King Cole has the Billboard number one single for the first of six weeks with Mona Lisa
- Bonnie Pointer born (Oakland, CA) American R&B and pop singer. Member of the Pointer Sisters from 1969 to 1977 and solo artist. Sister of June (1953-2006), Ruth (b.1946) and Anita (b.1948) Pointer.
- Buddy DeSylva (55) dies in Los Angeles
- Eric Carr aka Paul Charles Caravello born (Brooklyn, NY) American rock drummer. Member of Kiss from 1980 to 1991. Died 1991
- Richard Thorpe’s biopic of songwriters Bert Kalmar and Harry Ruby Three Little Words opens starring Fred Astaire, Red Skelton & Vera-Ellen. Music by André Previn, Harry Ruby and Bert Kalmar
- Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Solemn Music for the Masque of Charterhouse for orchestra premiered in Godalming, Surrey
- Gwen Guthrie born (Okemah, OK) American soul singer, songwriter. Died 1999
- Ernst Krenek’s opera Tarquin premiered in Cologne. Lib. Emmet Lavery
- Damon Harris born (Baltimore, MD) American soul singer. Member of the Temptations from 1971 to 1975 and Impact from 1976 to 1978. Died 2013
- Richard Branson born (London) English business magnate. Founder of Virgin Records.
- Pierre Boulez’s Le soleil des eaux [The sunlit waters] for choir and orchestra premiered in Paris
- Bias Boshell born (Wye, Kent) English folk singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist. Member of Trees from 1969 to 1972
- Dodo Marmarosa records his only session as leader for Savoy in Pittsburgh. Tracks cut include My Foolish Heart and Why Was I Born?
- Benjamin Britten’s Five Flower Songs for choir premiered in Dartington
- Lefty Frizzell makes his first recordings for Columbia in Dallas. Tracks cut include If You’ve Got The Money I’ve Got The Time; I Love You A Thousand Ways & Shine, Shave, Shower (It’s Saturday)
- Papa Charlie McCoy (41) dies in Chicago of paralytic brain disease
- Vishwa Mohan Bhatt born (Jaipur) Indian classical slide guitar player, teacher.
- Guilhermina Suggia (65) dies in Porto of cancer
- Roy Byrd [Professor Longhair] – Bald Head / Hey Now Baby (Mercury)
- Fats Domino – Hey La Bas Boogie / Brand New Baby (Imperial)
- Wynonie Harris – Good Morning Judge / Stormy Night Blues (King)
- Louis Jordan – Blue Light Boogie parts 1 & 2 (Decca)
- Joe Morris Orchestra feat. Laurie Tate – Anytime, Anyplace, Anywhere (Atlantic)
- Darius Milhaud’s String Quartet no.16 premiered in Santa Barbara, CA
- Rodney Crowell born (Houston) American country singer, songwriter, guitarist.
- Nikolai Myaskovsky (69) dies in Moscow of cancer
- Patti Austin born (New York) American jazz and R&B singer, songwriter.
- Charles Ives’ Tone Roads no.1 for chamber orchestra premiered in San Francisco
- August Darnell aka Thomas August Darnell Browder aka Kid Creole born (Montreal, Quebec) Canadian pop, jazz and R&B singer, songwriter. Member of Dr Buzzard’s Original Savannah Band from 1974 to 1979 and Kid Creole & the Coconuts from 1980.
- John Cage’s String Quartet in Four Parts premiered in Black Mountain, NC
- Pluto Shervington born (Kingston, Jamaica) Jamaican reggae singer, bass guitarist, songwriter, record producer.
- Dennis Elliott born (London) English rock and jazz drummer, sculptor. Member of IF from 1969 to 1973 and Foreigner from 1976 to 1991.
- The Weavers have the Billboard number one single for the first of ten weeks with Goodnight Irene
- Jerome Brailey born (Richmond, VA) American funk and R&B drummer, session player. Member of Parliament – Funkadelic from 1975 to 1978.
- Zeus B Held aka Bernd Held born (Freiburg, Germany) German rock record producer, keyboard player. Worked with Birth Control, Gina X and John Foxx.
- Norman Taurog’s film musical The Toast of New Orleans opens starring Mario Lanza, Kathryn Grayson, David Niven and Rita Moreno. Music by Nicholas Brodszky and Johnny Green
- Willy DeVille born (Stamford, CT) American rock singer, songwriter, guitarist. Member of Mink DeVille from 1974 to 1986. Died 2009
- Giuseppe De Luca (73) dies in New York
- Luigi Nono’s Variazioni canoniche sulla serie dell’op. 41 di Arnold Schoenberg [Variations on the canonical series of op. 41 by Arnold Schoenberg] for orchestra premiered in Darmstadt
- Ernani Aguiar born (Rio de Janeiro) Brazilian composer, choral conductor, musicologist.
- Arthur Butterworth’s Legend op.11 for orchestra premiered in Buxton, Derbys
- John Lee Hooker – Give Me Your Phone Number / Roll N’ Roll (Modern)
- Hank Williams – They’ll Never Take Her Love From Me / Why Should We Try Anymore (MGM)
- Woody Guthrie – Songs to Grow On (Folkways)
- Josh White testifies before the House Un-American Activities Committee
- Michael Rother born (Hamburg) German rock and electronica guitarist, composer. Member of Neu! from 1971 to 1975, Harmonia from 1974 to 1976 and solo artist.
- May Fortescue (88) dies in London
- Al Killian (33) murdered by his landlord in Los Angeles
- Herbert Howells’s Hymnus Paradisi for soprano, tenor, chorus and orchestra premiered in Gloucester
- Christopher Hobbs born (Hillingdon) English composer, teacher, musician. Member of the Scratch Orchestra from 1969 to 1974 and AMM from 1968 to 1971.
- Joe Perry born (Lawrence, MA) American rock guitarist, singer, songwriter. Member of Aerosmith from 1970.
- Paul Kossoff born (London) English rock guitarist, songwriter. Member of Free from 1968 to 1973 and Back Street Crawler from 1975 to 1976. Died 1976
- Darius Milhaud’s Suite op.300 for two pianos and orchestra premiered in Vienna
- Simon Emmerson born (Wolverhampton) English composer, electronic musician, teacher, writer.
- Dinu Lipatti gives his final recital in Besançon, France
- Ernst Krenek’s George Washington Variations op.120 for piano premiered in Los Angeles
- William Walton’s Two Pieces for violin and piano premiered in London
- Zulfugar Hajibeyov (66) dies in Baku, Azerbaijan
- Peter Maxwell Davies’ (Tale) in Seven Wags for piano premiered on BBC radio in Manchester
- Gene Ammons – Jug Head Ramble / Can Anyone Explain (Chess)
- Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong – Dream a Little Dream of Me / Can Anyone Explain? (Decca)
- Lefty Frizzell – If You’ve Got the Money, I’ve Got the Time / I Love You a Thousand Ways (Columbia)
- Lightnin’ Hopkins – Shotgun Blues / Rollin’ Blues (Aladdin)
- Amos Milburn – Sax Shack Boogie / Remember (Aladdin)
- Joe Morris & His Orchestra feat. Laurie Tate – Anytime, Anyplace, Anywhere / Come Back Daddy, Daddy (Atlantic)
- Muddy Waters – You’re Gonna Need My Help (I Said) / Sad Letter (Chess)
- Sarah Vaughan With George Treadwell And His All-Stars (Columbia)
- Elpida Karayiannopoulou born (Spercheiada, Greece) Greek pop singer, songwriter.
- Joe Bostic’s First Annual Negro Gospel Music Festival takes place at Carnegie Hall, New York. It is the first purely Gospel event to take place at the venue
- Mike Rutherford born (Guildford) English rock bassist, guitarist, songwriter. Member of Genesis from 1968 and Mike and the Mechanics from 1985.
- Mahalia Jackson plays Carnegie Hall, New York, the first Gospel singer to do so
- Robert Bell born (Youngstown, OH) American R&B singer, songwriter, bassist. Member of Kool and the Gang from 1964. Brother of Ronald Bell (b.1951).
- Jac Holzman founds Elektra Records in New York
- Irving Berlin, H. Lindsay and R. Crouse’s musical Call Me Madam opens in New York
- Simon Nicol born (London) English folk guitarist, singer, record producer. Member of Fairport Convention from 1967 to 1971, from 1976 to 1979 and from 1986 and the Albion Band from 1972 to 1976 and in 1983.
- Giuseppe Borgatti (79) dies in Leggiuno, Italy
- Tom Petty born (Gainesville, FL) American rock singer, songwriter, guitarist.
- Karel Ančerl appointed artistic director of the Czech Philharmonic orchestra, a post he holds until 1968
- Al Jolson (65) dies in San Francisco following a heart attack
- Muddy Waters records Louisiana Blues for Chess in Chicago. Muddy Waters (vo, g) Little Walter (hca) Elgin Evans (washboard) Big Crawford (b)
- Steven Greenberg born (St Paul, MN) American funk musician, composer, record producer. Recorded as Lipps Inc.
- Paul Creston’s Symphony No.3 premiered in Philadelphia
- James Dillon born (Glasgow) Scottish composer, teacher.
- Aaron Copland’s Quartet for piano and strings premiered in Washington, DC
- Luigi Dallapiccola’s opera Job premiered in Rome, lib. Dallapiccola
- Ruth Brown – Teardrops From My Eyes / Am I Making The Same Mistake Again? (Atlantic)
- Fats Domino – Every Night About This Time / Korea Blues (Imperial)
- Helen Humes – Million Dollar Secret / I’m Gonna Let Him Ride (Modern)
- Percy Mayfield – Please Send Me Someone To Love / Strange Things Happening (Specialty)
- Amos Milburn – Bad, Bad Whiskey / I’m Going to Tell My Mama (Aladdin)
- Lennie Tristano – Intuition / Yesterdays (Capitol)
- Hank Williams – No, No Joe / Help Me Understand (MGM)
- Sing and Dance with Frank Sinatra (Columbia) orchestra conducted by George Siravo
- Francis Poulenc’s song cycle La Fraîcheur et le feu [The Fresh and the fire] premiered in Birmingham
- George Bernard Shaw (94) dies in Ayot St Lawrence, Hertfordshire of renal failure
- David Diamond’s Symphony no.3 premiered in Boston
- Eliseo Grenet (57) dies in Havana
- Tommy Gaither (31) of the Orioles is killed and bandmates Johnny Reed and George Nelson are injured in a car accident near Baltimore, MD
- Aaron Copland’s Clarinet Concerto premiered on NBC radio with Benny Goodman on clarinet
- Olivier Messiaen’s Quatre études de rythme [Four studies in rhythm] for piano premiered in Tunis
- Alan Rawsthorne’s Symphony No. 1 premiered in London
- Graham Parker born (London) English rock singer, songwriter.
- Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Concerto Grosso premiered in London
- Philip Pickett born (London) English classical and folk recorder player, multi-instrumentalist, music director, early music scholar. Worked with the Albion Band and the New London Consort.
- Francesco Cilea (84) dies in Varazze, Italy
- Steve Van Zandt born (Boston, MA) American rock guitarist, songwriter, record producer, actor, broadcaster. Member of the E Street Band from 1975 and solo artist.
- Tina Weymouth born (Coronado, CA) American rock bassist, singer, songwriter. Member of Talking Heads from 1974 to 1991 and Tom Tom Club from 1981.
- Frank Loesser, Abe Burrows & Jo Swerling’s Guys and Dolls opens on Broadway (1200 performances)
- Martinus Sieveking (83) dies in Pasadena, CA
- Miles Davis – Venus De Milo / Darn That Dream (Capitol)
- Tennessee Ernie Ford – Shotgun Boogie / I Ain’t Gonna Let It Happen No More (Capitol)
- Patti Page – The Tennessee Waltz / Boogie Woogie Santa Claus (Mercury)
- Muddy Waters – Louisiana Blues / Evan’s Shuffle (Chess)
- Hank Williams – Moanin’ the Blues / Nobody’s Lonesome for Me (MGM)
- Erroll Garner – Piano Moods (Columbia)
- Jo Stafford – Autumn In New York (Capitol)
- The Weavers – Folk Songs of America and Other Lands (Decca)
- Ernest John Moeran (55) dies in Kenmare, co. Kerry of heart failure
- Sam Cooke joins Gospel group the Soul Stirrers in Pine Bluff, AR, replacing RH Harris
- Henry Cowell’s A Full Moon in March for piano and optional accompaniment premiered in Fargo, ND
- Dinu Lipatti (33) dies in Geneva of Hodgkin’s disease
- Ernest Bloch’s Scherzo fantasque for piano and orchestra premiered in Chicago
- Heitor Villa-Lobos’s String Quartet no.10 premiered in Paris
- Armen Tigranian’s opera David-Bek premiered in Yerevan, Armenia. Lib. Tigranian and A. Ter-Hovhannisyan
- Camarón de la Isla aka José Monje Cruz born (San Fernando, Cádiz, Spain) Spanish flamenco singer. Died 1992
- Joe Hisaishi aka Mamoru Fujisawa born (Nagano, Japan) Japanese film composer.
- Dan Hartman born (Harrisburg, PA) American rock and disco singer, songwriter, guitarist, bass guitarist, keyboard player, record producer. Member of the Edgar Winter Group from 1972 to 1976 and solo artist. Died 1994
- Bohuslav Martinu’s Sinfonia concertante premiered in Basel
- Joan Armatrading born (Basseterre, Saint Kitts) English pop and folk singer, songwriter, guitarist, pianist.
- Denis Brott born (Montreal) Canadian cellist, teacher, founder of the Montreal Chamber Music Festival (1995). Son of Alexander Brott (1915-2005), brother of Boris Brott (b.1944).
- Aram Khachaturian’s Festive Poem for orchestra premiered in Moscow
- Nikolai Myaskovsky’s Symphony No. 27 premiered in Moscow
- David Diamond’s Ceremonial Fanfare for brass and percussion premiered in New York
- Horace Silver makes his recorded debut with the Stan Getz Quartet in New York. Stan Getz (ts) Horace Silver (p) Joe Calloway (b) Walter Bolden (d)
- Henry Cowell’s Improvisation for piano premiered in New York
- Patti Page has the Billboard number one single for the first of eleven weeks with The Tennessee Waltz
- Carlton Barrett born (Kingston, Jamaica) Jamaican reggae drummer, session player. Member of the Wailers from 1970 to 1981. Brother of Aston Barrett (b. 1946). Died 1987
- Isaac Albéniz’s opera Merlin premiered in Barcelona, lib. F.B. Money-Coutts (stage performance)
- Duke Ellington and his Orchestra record the Masterpieces by Ellington album, four extended versions of Ellington standards. Nelson Williams, Andres Merenguito, Cat Anderson, Harold Baker (tp) Ray Nance (tp, vln, vo) Mercer Ellington (frh) Lawrence Brown, Quentin Jackson (tb) Jimmy Hamilton (cl, ts) Russell Procope (cl, as) Johnny Hodges (as) Paul Gonsalves (ts) Harry Carney (cl, as, bar) Duke Ellington, Billy Strayhorn (p) Wendell Marshall (b) Sonny Greer, Butch Ballard (d) Yvonne Lanauze (vo)
- Sergei Prokofiev’s On Guard for Peace op.124 for narrator, mezzo-soprano, chorus and orchestra & Winter Bonfire op.122 for boys’ choir and orchestra premiered in Moscow
- Arturo Márquez born (Álamos, Sonora, Mexico) Mexican composer.
- Cole Porter’s musical Out of This World opens on Broadway (157 performances)
- Walter Damrosch (88) dies in New York
- Roy Del Ruth’s film musical The West Point Story opens starring James Cagney, Virginia Mayo and Doris Day. Music by Ray Heindorf
- Vincenzo Tommasini (72) dies in Rome
- The first episode of the Steve Allen Show goes on the air on CBS TV (a different show to the NBC one that first aired in 1956)
- Alex Chilton born (Memphis, TN) American rock singer, songwriter, guitarist, record producer. Founder member of the Box Tops, Big Star and solo artist. Died 2010
- Charles L. Johnson (74) dies in Kansas City, MO
- Bohuslav Martinu’s Intermezzo for orchestra premiered in Louisville, KY
- Dave Stewart born (London) English rock keyboard player, composer. Worked with Uriel, Khan, Egg, Hatfield & the North, National Health, Bruford and Barbara Gaskin.
- Hans Werner Henze’s ballet Jack Pudding premiered in Wiesbaden
- Charles Koechlin (83) dies in Rayol-Canadel-sur-Mer, France
- Louis Jordan – Lemonade / (You Dyed Your Hair) Chartreuse (Decca)
- Larks – Coffee, Cigarettes & Tears / My Heart Cries For You (Apollo)
- Charlie Parker – Dancing in the Dark / Laura (Mercury)
- Weavers – (The Wreck of the) John B / The Roving Kind (Decca)
- Benny Goodman – The Famous 1938 Carnegie Hall Jazz Concert (Columbia) The first ever double album. Recorded live 16 Jan 1938
- Luciano Cilio born (Naples) Italian composer, musician. Died 1983
- Tymon Dogg aka Stephen Murray born (Formby, Lancs) English rock singer, songwriter, violinist, multi-instrumentalist. Worked with the Clash, the Mescaleros and solo.
- Foday Musa Suso born (Gambia) Gambian Griot, singer, kora player, composer.
- Adrian Boult appointed music director for the London Philharmonic Orchestra, a post he holds until 1957
- Cold, Cold Heart (Hank Williams); I Almost Lost My Mind (Ivory Joe Hunter); Luck Be a Lady (Frank Loesser)
- Dexter Gordon (Dial) 10″ album compiling previously issued 78s