- Alpha Blondy aka Seydou Kone born (Dimbokora, Ivory Coast) Ivorian reggae singer, songwriter.
- Ludomir Rózycki (68) dies in Katowice, Poland
- Hank Williams (29) dies in Oak Hill, WV on the back seat of a car after a combination of B12 and morphine injections
- Ernest Bloch’s Suite hebraique for violin or viola and orchestra premiered in Chicago
- Hank Williams’s funeral takes place in Montgomery, AL. An estimated 20,000 people line the route
- Malcolm Young born (Glasgow) Scottish-Australian rock guitarist. Founder member of AC/DC. Brother of Angus Young (b.1955).
- Heinrich Kaspar Schmid (78) dies in Munich
- Bohuslav Martinu’s Cello Sonata no.3 premiered in Washington, DC
- George Antheil’s opera Volpone premiered in Los Angeles, lib. A. Perry
- Heitor Villa-Lobos’s Piano concerto no.4 premiered in Pittsburgh
- Pat Benatar aka Patricia Andrzejewski born (Brooklyn, NY) American rock singer, songwriter.
- Theo Mackeben (56) dies in Berlin
- Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Symphony no.7 “Sinfonia antarctica” premiered in Manchester
- Rob Gretton born (Manchester) English rock band manager, record executive. Worked with Joy Division and New Order and founded Rob’s Records. Died 1999
- Heinrich Knote (82) dies in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
- Ernst Krenek’s String Quartet no.6 premiered in Darmstadt
- Bill Monroe critically injured in a car crash near Nashville. He is hospitalized for four months
- Leonard Bernstein, Betty Comden and Adolph Green’s musical Wonderful Town premiered in New Haven, CT
- Tom Lehrer records Songs by Tom Lehrer and presses up the discs for a private release on his own Lehrer Records label.
- Myung-whun Chung born (Seoul) Korean pianist, conductor. Brother of Kyung-wha Chung (b.1948) and Myung-wha Chung (b.1944).
- John Luther Adams born (Meridian, MS) American composer.
- Robin Zander born (Beloit, WN) American rock singer, guitarist. Member of Cheap Trick from 1972.
- Yuri Bashmet born (Rostov, Russia) Russian viola player, conductor.
- Ildebrando Pizzetti’s opera Cagliostro premiered in Milan. Lib. Pizzetti
- Lucinda Williams born (Lake Charles, LA) American rock, folk and country singer, songwriter, guitarist.
- Chris Carter born (London) English avant-garde and electronic musician. Founder member of Throbbing Gristle and worked with Cosey Fan Tutti as Chris and Cosey.
- Peter Baumann born (Berlin) German electronic musician, composer. Member of Tangerine Dream from 1971 to 1977 and solo artist.
- Teresa Teng aka Teng Li-yun born (Hebei, China) Taiwanese pop singer. Died 1995
- Vittorio Giannini’s opera The Taming of the Shrew premiered in Cincinnati. Lib. Giannini and D. Fee after Shakespeare
- Ruth Brown – (Mama) He Treats Your Daughter Mean / R.B. Blues (Atlantic)
- John Lee Hooker – It’s Been a Long Time Baby / Rock House Boogie (Modern)
- Lightnin’ Hopkins – Another Fool in Town / Candy Kitchen (RPM)
- Lightnin’ Hopkins – Everything Happens to Me / Papa Bones Boogie (Sittin’ In With)
- Hank Williams – Your Cheatin’ Heart / Kaw-Liga (MGM)
- Kathleen Ferrier is taken ill on the second night of her run in Gluck’s Orfeo ed Euridice at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, London
- Bohuslav Martinů’s television opera The Marriage premiered on NBC television, New York, lib. Martinů
- Irvine Arditti born (London) English classical violinist. Founder of the Arditti Qaurtet in 1974
- Carlos Chavez’s Symphony no.4 premiered in Louisville, KY
- Ben Hecht, Bob Hilliard and Jule Styne’s musical Hazel Flagg opens on Broadway (189 performances)
- Carl Orff’s cantata Trionfo di Afrodite [Triumph of Aphrodite] premiered in Milan
- Luigi Nono’s Epitaph for Federico García Lorca No.3 for chorus premiered in Hamburg
- Bruno Liberda born (Mödling, Vienna) Austrian composer.
- Bohuslav Martinu’s Rhapsody-Concerto for viola and orchestra premiered in Cleveland
- Riccardo Chailly born (Milan) Italian conductor.
- Poison Ivy aka Kristy Wallace born (Sacramento, CA) American rock guitarist. Founder member of the Cramps.
- Sonny Clark makes his first recordings with Teddy Charles’ West Coasters for Prestige in Los Angeles. Frank Morgan (as) Wardell Gray (ts) Teddy Charles (vib) Sonny Clark (p) Dick Nivison (b) Lawrence Marable (d)
- Graham Lewis born (Grantham, Lincolnshire) English rock singer, bassist, songwriter, electronic musician, producer. Founder member of Wire and also worked as Dome and He Said.
- John B Sparkes born (Canvey Island, Essex) English rock bassist. Member of Dr Feelgood from 1971 to 1982.
- The Dizzy Gillespie Sextet record a session for Vogue in Paris. Dizzy Gillespie (tp, vo) Nat Peck (tb) Wade Legge (p) Lou Hackney (b) Al Jones (d) Joe Carroll (vo). The results are issued as Dizzy In Paris, Dec 1953.
- Leonard Bernstein, Betty Comden & Adolph Green’s musical Wonderful Town opens on Broadway (559 performances)
- Big Maceo Merriweather (47) dies in Chicago following a heart attack
- Elliott Carter’s String Quartet No. 1 premiered in New York
- Jacques Brel signs to Philips in France
- Eddie Boyd – 24 Hours / The Tickler (Chess)
- Clovers – Crawlin’ / Yes It’s You (Atlantic)
- BB King – Woke Up This Morning (My Baby She Was Gone) / Don’t Have to Cry (Past Day) (RPM)
- Orioles – Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me / Teardrops on My Pillow (Jubilee)
- Elliott Carter’s Elegy for strings premiered in New York
- Henry Cowell’s Symphony no.8 premiered in Wilmington, OH
- The Dave Brubeck Quartet play Oberlin College, OH where they record the live album Jazz at Oberlin. Paul Desmond (as) Dave Brubeck (p) Ron Crotty (b) Lloyd Davis (d)
- Robyn Hitchcock born (London) English singer, songwriter, guitarist. Member of the Soft Boys from 1976 to 1980 and solo artist.
- Sergei Prokofiev (61) dies in Moscow following a brain haemorrhage (the same day as Josef Stalin ensuring his death is all but ignored in his homeland)
- Phil Alvin born (Downey, CA) American rock singer, songwriter, guitarist. Founder member of the Blasters. Brother of Dave Alvin (b.1955).
- Sergei Prokofiev’s funeral takes place in Moscow
- Alexander Raskatov born (Moscow) Russian composer.
- Louis Aubert’s Cinéma. Tableaux Symphoniques premiered in Paris
- Karlheinz Stockhausen’s Schlagquartett no.1/3 for piano and six tympani premiered on North German Radio
- Anthony Powers born (London) English composer, teacher.
- Ernst Krenek’s Medea op.129 for mezzo-soprano and orchestra premiered in Philadelphia
- Frank Sinatra signs to Capitol Records after a decade with Columbia
- Ricky Wilson born (Athens, GA) American rock guitarist, songwriter. Founder member of the B-52s. Died 1985
- Irène Bordoni (58) dies in New York of cancer
- Dimitri Tiomkin’s music for Fred Zinnemann’s film High Noon wins the best dramatic score Oscar at the 25th Academy Awards. Alfred Newman’s music for Walter Lang’s film With a Song in My Heart wins the award for best musical score
- Thea Musgrave’s Four Madrigals premiered in St Andrews
- Don Weis’s film musical I Love Melvin opens starring Debbie Reynolds and Donald O’Connor. Music by George Stoll
- Chaka Khan aka Yvette Marie Stevens born (Great Lakes, IL) American soul singer, songwriter. Member of Rufus from 1972 to 1983 and solo artist.
- William Alwyn’s Symphonic Prelude “The Magic Island” premiered in Manchester
- Güher Pekinel born (Istanbul) Turkish classical pianist. Worked as a duo with identical twin sister Süher.
- Süher Pekinel born (Istanbul) Turkish classical pianist. Worked as a duo with identical twin sister Güher.
- Karlheinz Stockhausen appointed assistant to Herbert Eimert at the newly established Electronic Music Studio of NWDR (later WDR) radio station in Cologne. He heads the unit from 1962
- Lightnin’ Hopkins – Down by the River / Gone Again (Sittin’ In With)
- Rufus Thomas – Bear Cat / Walking in the Rain (Sun)
- Big Mama Thornton – Hound Dog / Night Mare (Peacock)
- Muddy Waters – She’s All Right / Sad, Sad Day (Chess)
- Miles Davis – Young Man With A Horn (Blue Note)
- Duke Ellington – Ellington Uptown (Columbia)
- Stan Kenton – Sketches on Standards (Capitol)
- Horace Silver Trio – New Faces, New Sounds (Blue Note)
- Frank Sinatra records his first Capitol session in Los Angeles with an orchestra conducted by Axel Stordahl. Tracks cut include Lean Baby; I’m Walking Behind You; Day In Day Out & Don’t Make a Beggar of Me
- Mikhail Rudy born (Tashkent, Uzbekistan) Russian concert pianist, broadcaster.
- Chen Yi born (Guangzhou, China) Chinese composer, violinist.
- Christopher Franke born (Berlin) German electronic musician, drummer, composer. Member of Tangerine Dream from 1971 to 1988 and solo artist.
- Arthur Benjamin’s opera A Tale of Two Cities premiered on BBC Radio, London. Lib. Cedric Cliffe after Charles Dickens
- Hal Ketchum born (Greenwich, NY) American country singer, songwriter, guitarist.
- Ken Colyer’s Jazzmen play their first show in Copenhagen. Monty Sunshine, Lonnie Donegan, Ken Colyer, Ron Bowden, Chris Barber and Jim Bray
- (& 14 April) Duke Ellington records the album The Duke Plays Ellington for Capitol in Los Angeles. Duke Ellington (p) Wendell Marshall (b) Butch Ballard (d)
- Hugo Alfvén’s Symphony No.5 premiered in Gothenburg
- The Kenny Drew trio record the album New Faces – New Sounds for Blue Note in Hackensack, NJ. Kenny Drew (p) Curly Russell (b) Art Blakey (d)
- James Chance aka White aka Sigfried born (Milwaukee, WN) American jazz and rock saxophonist, singer, songwriter. Founder member of the Contortions and bandleader.
- Radim Drejsl (29) commits suicide in Prague by slashing his wrists and jumping out of the window of his flat. Some sources claim KGB involvement in his death
- Gareth Williams born (Cardiff) Welsh rock and avant-garde bassist, multi-instrumentalist. Founder member of This Heat) Died 2001
- Peter DeRose (53) dies in New York
- Olivier Messiaen’s Livre d’orgue for organ premiered in Stuttgart
- Giorgio Battistelli born (Albano Laziale, Italy) Italian composer, music administrator.
- Frankie Laine has the UK number one single with I Believe. It is the top selling single for a record 18 weeks over three runs
- Charles Ives’ Symphony no.1 premiered in Washington, DC
- Kim Gordon born (Rochester, NY) American rock bassist, singer, songwriter, record producer. Member of Sonic Youth from 1981 to 2011.
- Bill Drummond born (Butterworth, S Africa) Scottish songwriter, writer, conceptual artist, producer. Worked with Big in Japan, Lori & the Chameleons and the KLF.
- Alice Prin (51) dies in Sanary-sur-Mer, France of alcohol-related causes
- Peggy Lee records the first of three sessions in 5 days for the Black Coffee album for Capitol. Peggy Lee (vo) Pete Candoli (tp) Jimmy Rowles (p) Max Wayne (b) Ed Shaughnessy (d)
- The Crows record a session for Rama in New York. Sonny Norton (lead tenor) Bill Davis (baritone) Harold Major (tenor) Mark Jackson (tenor. guitarist) Gerald Hamilton (bass). Tracks cut include Seven Lonely Days; No Help Wanted; Gee & I Love You So
- Fats Domino – Going To The River / Mardi Gras In New Orleans (Imperial)
- Lightnin’ Hopkins – Black Cat / Mistreated Blues (RPM)
- Smiley Lewis – Big Mamou / Playgirl (Imperial)
- Little Walter – Tell Me, Mama / Off the Wall (Checker)
- Willie Mabon – I’m Mad / Night Latch (Chess)
- Billy Ward and the Dominoes – Don’t Leave Me This Way / These Foolish Things Remind Me of You (Federal)
- Hank Williams – Take These Chains From My Heart / Ramblin’ Man (MGM)
- Stan Kenton – New Concepts of Artistry in Rhythm (Capitol)
- Gerry Mulligan Quartet (Pacific Jazz)
- Valery Gergiev born (Moscow) Russian conductor.
- Walter Morse Rummel (65) dies in Bordeaux
- Frederick Delius’s opera Irmelin premiered in Oxford, lib. Delius
- Martin Simpson born (Scunthorpe, Lincs) English folk singer, songwriter, guitarist.
- The Spaniels record a session for Vee-Jay in Gary, IN, the label’s first venture. James Hudson (lead tenor), Ernie Warren, Will Jackson (tenor) Opal Courtney (baritone) Gerald Gregory (bass). Tracks cut include Sloppy Drunk; Baby It’s You; Since I Fell for You & Bounce
- David Rudder born (Belmont, Trinidad and Tobago) Trinidadian Soca and calypso singer, songwriter, guitarist, producer.
- Cole Porter & Abe Burrows’ musical Can-Can opens on Broadway (892 performances)
- Alex Van Halen born (Amsterdam) Dutch-American rock drummer. Founder member of Van Halen. Brother of Eddie Van Halen (b.1955).
- Phil Beer born (Exminster, Devon) English folk fiddler, singer, songwriter, guitarist. Worked with the Albion Band and Show of Hands.
- ‘The Quintet’ play Massey Hall, Toronto. Dizzy Gillespie (tp) Charles Mingus (b) Charlie Parker (ts) Bud Powell (p) Max Roach (d). A recording is issued in July 1962 by Fantasy Records called Jazz At Massey Hall
- Wim Mertens born (Neerpelt, Belgium) Belgian composer, counter-tenor singer, pianist, guitarist, musicologist.
- Jean Roger-Ducasse’s String Quartet No.2 premiered in La Brède, France
- Mike Oldfield born (Reading) English composer, multi-instrumentalist.
- Django Reinhardt (43) dies in Fontainebleau, France following a brain haemorrhage
- Ray Charles records a session for Atlantic in New York. Tracks cut include It Should Have Been Me; Losing Hand; Heartbreaker; Sinner’s Prayer; Mess Around & Funny But I Still Love You. Charles receives news of his mother’s death during the session
- Roddy Lorimer born (Glasgow) Scottish trumpeter, session player. Worked with the Waterboys, Rolling Stones, Blur and others.
- Clyde McPhatter signs to Atlantic and the first version of the Drifters is put together: McPhatter, Chick Anderson, David Baughan (tenor) David Baldwin (baritone) Wrinkle Johnson (bass)
- Malcolm Arnold’s Symphony No. 2 premiered in Bournemouth
- The Charlie Parker Quartet record a session in New York with Gil Evans’s orchestra. Charlie Parker (as) Tony Aless (p) Charles Mingus (b) Max Roach (d) Junior Collins (frh) Al Block (fl) Tommy Mace (ob) Manny Thaler (bsn) Hal McKusick (cl) Annie Ross, Dave Lambert (vo) Gil Evans (arr, cond)
- Dennis Bovell born (Saint Peter, Barbados) Anglo-Barbadian record producer, reggae guitarist, broadcaster. Member of Matumbi from 1971 to 1982.
- Albert Spalding (64) dies in New York
- Karlheinz Stockhausen’s Kontra-Punkte no.1 for ten instruments premiered in Cologne
- The first electronic music studio in Europe established by Werner Meyer-Eppler, Robert Beyer and Herbert Eimert in Cologne
- Hubert J. Foss (54) dies in London following a stroke
- Arto Lindsay born (Richmond, VA) American rock and avant-garde singer, songwriter, guitarist, record producer. Worked with DNA, the Lounge Lizards, the Golden Palominos, the Ambitious Lovers and solo.
- Richard Rodgers & Oscar Hammerstein’s musical Me and Juliet opens on Broadway (358 performances)
- Danny Elfman born (Los Angeles) American film composer, rock singer, songwriter, actor. Member of Oingo Boingo from 1976 to 1995.
- Anne LeBaron born (Baton Rouge, LA) American composer, harpist.
- John Oswald born (Kitchener, Ontario) Canadian composer, tape collager, producer, saxophonist.
- Dooley Wilson (67) dies in Los Angeles
- Ruth Brown – Wild Wild Young Men / Mend Your Ways (Atlantic)
- Crows – Gee / I Love You So (Rama)
- Duke Ellington – Satin Doll / Without A Song (Capitol)
- Bill Haley & His Comets – Crazy Man Crazy / What’cha Gonna Do (Essex)
- John Lee Hooker – Ride ‘Til I Die / It’s Stormin’ and Rainin’ (Modern)
- Les Paul & Mary Ford – Vaya Con Dios / Johnny (Is the Boy for Me) (Capitol)
- Muddy Waters – Who’s Gonna Be Your Sweet Man / Turn the Lamp Down Low (Chess)
- Thelonious Monk Trio (Prestige)
- Les Paul & Mary Ford – The Hit Makers! (Capitol)
- Darius Milhaud’s Suite concertante op.278b premiered on Radio France
- Michael Tippett’s madrigal Dance, Clarion Air premiered in London
- Jerry Wexler joins Atlantic Records as a partner
- Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Silences and Music for chorus premiered in London
- Malcolm Arnold’s ballet Homage to the Queen premiered in London
- Arnold Bax’s Coronation March premiered in London at Elizabeth II’s coronation
- Alberto Ginastera’s Variaciones concertantes for Chamber Orchestra op.23 premiered in Buenos Aires
- Ralph Vaughan Williams’ The Old Hundredth Psalm Tune & O Taste and See premiered in London at Elizabeth II’s coronation
- William Walton’s Orb and Sceptre & Coronation Te Deum premiered in London at Elizabeth II’s coronation
- Mike Mosiello (56) dies in Asbury Park, NJ of pancreatic cancer
- Florence Beatrice Price (66) dies in Chicago
- Benjamin Frankel’s Piano Quartet premiered in London
- Ralph Vaughan Williams’s masque The Bridal Day premiered on BBC television, lib. U. Wood
- Michael Tippett’s Fanfare no.3 for three trumpets premiered in St Ives, Cornwall
- Stanley Turrentine makes his first recordings with Earl Bostic And His Orchestra for King in Los Angeles. Blue Mitchell, Tommy Turrentine (tp) Earl Bostic (as) Stanley Turrentine (ts) Luis Rivera (p) Herman Mitchell (g) Mario Delagarde (b) Albert Bartee (d)
- Johnny Clegg born (Bacup, Lancashire) Anglo-South African singer, bandleader, guitarist, activist. Co-founder with Sipho Mchunu (b.1951) in 1969 of Juluka, the first major mixed race South African band. Also founded Savuka in 1986.
- Benjamin Britten’s opera Gloriana premiered in London, lib. W. Plomer
- Stanley Bate’s Violin Concerto No. 3 op. 58 premiered in London
- Robert Simpson’s Symphony No.1 premiered in Copenhagen
- Oscar Edelstein born (La Paz, Argentina) Argentinian composer, pianist, conductor, teacher.
- David Thomas born (Moss Point, MS) American rock singer, songwriter. Founder member of Rocket from the Tombs, Pere Ubu and solo artist.
- Benjamin Britten’s Variation on an Elizabethan Theme for strings premiered on BBC radio
- Walter Niemann (76) dies in Leipzig
- Lavern Baker makes her first recordings for Atlantic in New York
- Augustus Pablo aka Horace Swaby born (St Andrew, Jamaica) Jamaican reggae melodica player, composer, record producer. Died 1999
- Cyndi Lauper born (New York, NY) American pop singer, songwriter, actress.
- John Cage’s Music for Piano 4-19 premiered in Baton Rouge, LA
- Dillinger aka Lester Bullock born (Kingston, Jamaica) Jamaican reggae deejay, songwriter.
- Jules Van Nuffel (70) dies in Wilrijk, Netherlands
- Boris Blacher’s opera Abstrakte Oper no. 1 premiered in Frankfurt (no libretto)
- The Drifters make their first recordings for Atlantic in New York. Clyde McPhatter, David Baughan, Chick Anderson (tenor) David Baldwin (baritone, g) James Johnson (bass)
- David Diamond’s Trio for violin, cello and piano premiered in San Francisco
- Adriana Hölszky born (Bucharest) Romanian composer, pianist, teacher.
- Johnny Ace – The Clock / Aces Wild (Duke)
- Eddie Boyd – Third Degree / Back Beat (Chess)
- Ray Charles – Mess Around / Funny (Atlantic)
- Elmore James – Early in the Morning / Hawaiian Boogie (Flair)
- BB King – Please Love Me / Highway Bound (RPM)
- Frank Sinatra – I’ve Got the World on a String / My One and Only Love (Capitol)
- Titta Ruffo (76) dies in Florence of heart disease
- Nanci Griffith born (Austin, TX) American country singer, songwriter, guitarist.
- Zhou Long born (Beijing) Chinese composer.
- Paul Hindemith’s Cantique de l’espérance [Canticle to Hope] for choir and orchestra premiered in Brussels
- Joseph Jongen (79) dies in Sart-les-Spa, Belgium
- Arthur Butterworth’s Sinfonietta op.9 premiered in Manchester
- Howard Hawks’ film Gentlemen Prefer Blondes opens, starring Jane Russell & Marilyn Monroe
- Elvis Presley records a self-financed demo at Sun Studios in Memphis. Tracks cut are My Happiness & That’s When Your Heartaches Begin
- Chet Baker makes his first studio recordings as leader for Pacific Jazz in Los Angeles. Chet Baker (tp) Russ Freeman (p) Red Mitchell (b) Bobby White (d)
- Aaron Copland’s Old American Songs-Set II premiered in Ipswich, MA
- Gary Shider born (Plainfield, NJ) American funk guitarist, singer. Member of Funkadelic / Parliament from 1972 to 1981. Died 2010
- The Charlie Parker Quartet record a session for Clef in New York. Charlie Parker (as) Al Haig (p) Percy Heath (b) Max Roach (d). Tracks cut include Chi-Chi & I Remember You
- Gary ‘Geddy’ Lee born (North York, Ontario) Canadian rock singer, songwriter, bassist, keyboard player. Founder member of Rush.
- Patti Scialfa born (Deal, NJ) American rock singer. Member of the E Street Band from 1984. Wife of Bruce Springsteen.
- Fats Domino – Please Don’t Leave Me / The Girl I Love (Imperial)
- John Lee Hooker – Please Take Me Back / Love Money Can’t Buy (Modern)
- Little Junior’s Blue Flames – Feelin’ Good / Fussin’ and Fightin’ Blues (Sun)
- Orioles – Crying in the Chapel / Don’t You Think I Ought to Know (Jubilee)
- Prisonaires – Just Walkin’ In The Rain / Baby Please (Sun)
- Jimmy Reed – High and Lonesome / Roll and Rhumba (Vee-Jay)
- Chet Baker Quartet Featuring Russ Freeman (Pacific Jazz)
- Robert Cray born (Columbus, GA) American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter.
- Vicente Minnelli’s film The Band Wagon opens, starring Fred Astaire & Cyd Charisse. Music by Arthur Schwartz and Howard Dietz
- Stephen Whittington born (Adelaide) Australian composer, pianist, writer, teacher.
- Dimitri Arakishvili (80) dies in Tbilisi
- James “J.T.” Taylor born (Laurens, SC) American R&B singer, songwriter, keyboard player, actor. Member of Kool & the Gang from 1978 to 1988 and solo artist.
- Kevin Rowland born (Wolverhampton) English pop singer, songwriter. Founder member of Dexys Midnight Runners and solo artist.
- Marvin Isley born (Cincinnati, OH) American R&B, funk and rock bassist. Member of the Isley Brothers and Isley Jasper Isley. Brother of Ronald (b.1941), O’Kelly (1937-86), Rudolph (b.1939) and Ernie (b.1952) Isley. Died 2010
- Willie Love (46) dies in Jackson, MS of pneumonia
- Joaquin Rodrigo’s Soleriana for orchestra premiered in Berlin
- Ron Holloway born (Washington, DC) American jazz tenor saxophonist, bandleader, session player.
- Alex Lifeson born (Fernie, BC) Canadian rock guitarist, songwriter. Founder member of Rush.
- Nicolai Berezowsky (53) dies in New York
- Nikolai Golovanov (62) dies in Moscow
- Clifford Brown makes his first recordings as leader for Blue Note in New York. Clifford Brown (tp) Gigi Gryce (as, fl) Charlie Rouse (ts) John Lewis (p) Percy Heath (b) Art Blakey (d). The session produces the New Star On The Horizon album.
- Darrell Fancourt (65) dies in London
- Michael Tippett’s Fantasia concertante on a Theme of Corelli premiered in Edinburgh
- Horace Panter born (Croydon) English ska bass guitarist, art teacher, writer. Member of the Specials and General Public.
- Vini Reilly born (Manchester) English rock and experimental guitarist, composer, pianist, singer. Worked as the Durutti Column.
- Gaetano Merola (72) dies while conducting a performance of Madam Butterfly in San Francisco
- Faye Adams – Shake A Hand / I’ve Gotta Leave You (Herald)
- Lavern Baker – Soul On Fire / How Can You Leave? (Atlantic)
- Tony Bennett – Rags To Riches / Here Comes That Heartache Again (Columbia)
- Lightnin’ Hopkins – Santa Fe Blues / Some Day Baby (RPM)
- Elmore James – Can’t Stop Lovin’ / Make a Little Love (Flair)
- Jimmy Liggins – Drunk / I’ll Never Let You Go (Specialty)
- Joe Turner – Honey Hush / Crawdad Hole (Atlantic)
- Nat King Cole Sings for Two in Love (Capitol)
- Peggy Lee – Black Coffee (Decca)
- Jacques Thibaud (72) along with 41 others dies in a plane crash in the French Alps
- John Zorn born (Queens, NY) American jazz, rock and avant-garde saxophonist, multi-instrumentalist, composer, producer, co-founder of Tzadik label. Worked with Naked City, Masada and solo.
- Alan Bush’s opera Wat Tyler premiered in Leipzig. Lib. Nancy Bush
- Ernst Krenek’s Sinfonietta a Brasileira [Brazilian sinfonietta] premiered in Besançon, France
- The Staple Singers make their first recordings for United in Chicago
- Tommy Shaw born (Montgomery, AL) American rock singer, songwriter, guitarist. Member of Styx from 1975 to 1984 and from 1995, founder member of Damn Yankess and solo artist.
- Tom Cora born (Yancey Mills, VA) American jazz and avant-garde cellist, composer. Died 1998
- Earl Klugh born (Detroit) American jazz guitarist, composer.
- Roger Quilter (75) dies in London
- Richard Harvey born (London) English composer, multi-instrumentalist, conductor, instrument collector.
- Robbie Shakespeare born (Kingston, Jamaica) Jamaican reggae and rock bassist, session player, producer. Worked with Sly Dunbar as Sly & Robbie.
- Ray Charles – Heartbreaker / Feelin’ Sad (Atlantic)
- Fats Domino – Rose Mary / You Said You Loved Me (Imperial)
- Flamingos – Golden Teardrops / Carried Away (Chance)
- Four Lads – Istanbul (Not Constantinople) / I Should Have Told You Long Ago (Columbia)
- Stan Freberg – St. George and the Dragonet / Little Blue Riding Hood (Capitol)
- John Lee Hooker – Lovin’ Guitar Man / Blue Monday (Deluxe)
- BB King – Please Hurry Home / Neighbourhood Affair (RPM)
- BB King – Praying to the Lord / Please Help Me (RPM)
- Little Walter – Blues With a Feeling / Quarter to Twelve (Checker)
- Dean Martin – That’s Amore / You’re the Right One (Capitol)
- Amos Milburn – One Scotch, One Bourbon, One Beer / What Can I Do? (Aladdin)
- Frank Sinatra – From Here To Eternity / Anytime Anywhere (Capitol)
- Big Mama Thornton – They Call Me Big Mama / Cotton Picking Blues (Peacock)
- Charlie Parker Big Band (Clef)
- Arnold Bax (69) dies in Cork of coronary thrombosis
- Andreas Vollenweider born (Zürich) Swiss harpist, composer.
- Sandra ‘Puma’ Jones born (Columbia, SC) American reggae singer. Member of Black Uhuru from 1979 to 1987. Died 1990
- Kathleen Ferrier (41) dies in London of breast cancer
- Benjamin Britten’s song suite Winter Words: Lyrics and Ballads of Thomas Hardy premiered in Leeds
- Roberto Sierra born (Vega Baja, Puerto Rico) Puerto Rican composer, teacher.
- Usko Meriläinen’s Symphony No.1 premiered in Tampere, Finland
- David Lee Roth born (Bloomington, IN) American rock singer, songwriter. Member of Van Halen from 1973 to 1985 and from 2006 and solo artist.
- James ‘Midge’ Ure born (Cambuslang) Scottish pop and rock singer, songwriter, philanthropist. Member of Slik from 1974 to 1977, the Rich Kids from 1977 to 1978, Visage from 1978 to 1980, Ultravox from 1980 and solo artist.
- Olivier Messiaen’s Le Réveil des Oiseaux [The Awakening of the Birds] for piano and orchestra premiered in Donaueschingen
- Luigi Nono’s Due Espressioni [Two Expressions] for orchestra premiered in Donaueshingen
- Joaquin Rodrigo’s Musica para un codice salmantino [Music for a Salamanca codex] for bass, chorus and orchestra premiered in Salamanca
- Kazumi Watanabe born (Tokyo) Japanese jazz and rock guitarist, composer, session player.
- Tito Jackson born (Gary, IN) American pop and soul singer, songwriter, guitarist. Member of the Jackson Five / Jacksons. Brother of Rebbie (b.1950) Jackie (b.1951) Jermaine (b.1954) La Toya (b.1956) Marlon (b.1957) Michael (1958-2009) Randy (b.1961) and Janet (b.1966) Jackson
- Brinsley Forde born (Guyana) Anglo-Guyanan reggae singer, guitarist, actor, presenter. Member of Aswad from 1975 to 1996.
- Joseph Bowie born (St Louis, MO) American jazz and rock trombonist, singer, composer. Member of Defunkt from 1978. Brother of Lester Bowie (1941-99).
- Igor Stravinsky’s Preludium & Tango for jazz orchestra premiered in Los Angeles
- Elisabeth Schwarzkopf marries Walter Legge in Epsom, Surrey
- Fred E. Ahlert (61) dies in New York
- Leonid Kreutzer (69) dies in Tokyo
- Carl Orff’s opera Astutuli premiered in Munich, lib. Orff
- Erik Chisholm’s opera The Inland Woman premiered in Cape Town. Lib. Chisholm after Mary Lavin
- Carolina Slim (30) dies in Newark, NJ following a heart attack
- Pauline Black aka Belinda Magnus born (Romford, Essex) English ska and pop singer, actress, broadcaster. Member of Selecter since 1979.
- Ernst Krenek’s Concerto for two pianos and orchestra premiered in New York
- Keith Strickland born (Athens, GA) American rock guitarist, drummer, keyboard player. Founder member of the B-52s.
- Eduard Künneke (68) dies in Berlin
- Hisato Ohzawa (46) dies in Tokyo of a cerebral haemorrhage
- Emmerich Kálmán (71) dies in Paris
- Samuel Barber’s Hermit Songs for voice and piano premiered in Washington, DC
- Arthur Bliss appointed Master of the Queen’s Music succeeding Arnold Bax
- Doris Day – Secret Love / The Deadwood Stage (Columbia)
- John Lee Hooker – Too Much Boogie / Need Somebody (Modern)
- Clyde McPhatter & The Drifters – Money Honey / The Way I Feel (Atlantic)
- Robins – Ten Days In Jail / Empty Bottles (RCA)
- Dinah Washington – T.V. Is the Thing (This Year) / Fat Daddy (Mercury)
- Muddy Waters – Mad Love / Blow Wind Blow (Chess)
- Miles Davis Vol. 2 (Blue Note)
- Lou Donaldson – New Faces New Sounds (Blue Note)
- Kenny Drew – New Faces New Sounds (Blue Note)
- Wynton Kelly – New Faces New Sounds (Blue Note)
- Helios Creed born (Long Beach, CA) American rock and avant-garde guitarist, singer, songwriter. Member of Chrome intermittently from 1975 and solo artist.
- Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge (89) dies in Cambridge, MA
- David Butler’s film Calamity Jane opens, starring Doris Day & Howard Keel
- Vladimir Bakaleinikov (68) dies in Pittsburgh
- (& 6 Nov) Frank Sinatra records the album Songs For Young Lovers for Capitol accompanied by an orchestra conducted by Nelson Riddle
- Kahil El’Zabar aka Clifton Blackburn born (Chicago, IL) American jazz percussionist, multi-instrumentalist, bandleader. Chairman of AACM from 1975.
- Andy Partridge born (Valletta, Malta) English rock singer, songwriter, guitarist. Founder member of XTC and the Dukes of Stratosphear.
- Baaba Maal born (Podor, Senegal) Senegalese singer, guitarist, percussionist.
- Samuel Barber’s orchestral suite Souvenirs premiered in Chicago
- Andrew Ranken born (London) English rock drummer. Member of the Pogues from 1983 to 1996.
- Pierre Boulez’s Structures for piano duet premiered in Cologne
- Dimitri Shostakovitch’s String Quartet No.5 premiered in Moscow
- A memorial service takes place at Southwark Cathedral, London for Kathleen Ferrier
- Alexander O’Neal born (Natchez, MS) American R&B singer.
- Darius Milhaud’s Third Quintet op.325 premiered in Berkeley, CA
- Mikis Theodorakis’s Carnival for orchestra premiered in Athens
- Darius Milhaud’s Symphony no.5 premiered in Turin
- Ruth Crawford Seeger (52) dies in Chevy Chase, MD of intestinal cancer
- Peter Mennin’s Symphony No.6 premiered in Louisville, KY
- Elliott Carter’s Sonata for flute, oboe, cello and harpsichord premiered in New York
- Harry Partch’s Plectra and Percussion Dances for voices and ensemble of original instruments premiered in Berkeley, CA
- Chou Wen-Chung’s Landscapes for orchestra premiered in San Francisco
- Samuel Barber’s Nuvoletta op.25 for voice and piano premiered in New York
- Larry Shields (60) dies in Los Angeles
- Vivian Fine’s Trio in Three Movements for Violin, Viola, and Violoncello premiered in Darmstadt
- The Horace Silver Trio record the album Horace Silver Trio Volume 2 for Blue Note in New York. Horace Silver (p) Percy Heath (b) Art Blakey (d)
- Tod Machover born (Mount Vernon, NY) American composer, music technologist.
- Ivor Atkins (83) dies in Worcester
- George Sidney’s film musical Kiss Me, Kate opens, starring Kathryn Grayson & Howard Keel. Music by Cole Porter, Saul Chaplin, André Previn and Conrad Salinger
- Lyle Mays born (Wausakee, WN) American jazz pianist, composer. Worked with the Pat Metheny Group.
- Shuggie Otis aka Johnny Alexander Veliotes born (Los Angeles, CA) American R&B guitarist, singer, songwriter, producer. Son of Johnny Otis (1921-2012).
- June Pointer born (Oakland, CA) American R&B and pop singer. Member of the Pointer Sisters from 1969 to 2004 with sisters Ruth (b.1946), Bonnie (b.1950) and Anita (b.1948) Pointer. Died 2006
- David Sancious born (Asbury Park, NJ) American rock and jazz keyboard player, session player. Member of the E Street Band from 1972 to 1974.
- Albert King makes his first recordings for Parrot in Chicago
- Faye Adams – I’ll Be True / Happiness To My Soul (Herald)
- Harptones – A Sunday Kind of Love / I’ll Never Tell (Bruce)
- Eartha Kitt – Santa Baby / Under the Bridges of Paris (RCA Victor)
- Little Junior’s Blue Flames – Mystery Train / Love My Baby (Sun)
- Erroll Garner (Columbia)
- Tom Paley – Folk Songs from the Southern Appalachian Mountains (Elektra)
- Robert Wright, George Forrest, Alexander Borodin, Charles Lederer & Luther Davis’ musical Kismet opens on Broadway (583 performances)
- Dimitri Shostakovitch’s String Quartet No.4 premiered in Moscow
- Hans Werner Henze’s radio opera Das Ende einer Welt [the end of a world] premiered in Hamburg, lib. W. Hildesheimer
- Henry Cowell’s Rondo for Orchestra premiered in Indianapolis
- Issay Dobrowen (62) dies in Oslo
- Oscar Peterson’s classic trio line-up makes its first recordings for Clef in Los Angeles. Oscar Peterson (p) Herb Ellis (g) Ray Brown (b)
- ‘Evil’ Graham Lee born (Kenilworth, Australia) Australian rock steel guitar player, record producer. Member of the Triffids from 1985 to 1989.
- Albert Coates (71) dies in Cape Town
- The Dave Brubeck Quartet play the College of the Pacific, Stockton, CA. Paul Desmond (as) Dave Brubeck (p) Ron Crotty (b) Joe Dodge (d). The show is recorded and released in October 1954 as Jazz at the College of the Pacific
- Ikue Mori born (Tokyo) Japanese avant-garde drummer, composer, graphic designer. Worked with DNA, Death Ambient and solo.
- Dmitri Shostakovich’s Symphony no.10 premiered in St Petersburg
- András Schiff born (Budapest) Hungarian conductor, pianist.
- Betty Wright aka Bessie Regina Norris born (Miami, FL) American soul singer, songwriter, record producer, voice coach.
- Hans-Jürgen von Bose born (Munich) German composer, teacher.
- Marion Scott (76) dies in London from colorectal cancer
- Fikret Amirov’s opera Sevil premiered in Baku, Azerbaijan. Lib. Amirov
- Harry Christophers born (Goudhurst, Kent) English conductor, founder of the Sixteen choral ensemble in 1979.
- Henning Schmitz born (Düsseldorf) German electronic musician, sound engineer. Member of Kraftwerk from 1991.
- Jimmy Reed makes his first recordings for Vee Jay in Chicago
- Johnny Ace – Saving My Love for You / Yes, Baby (Duke)
- Fats Domino – Don’t Leave Me This Way / Something’s Wrong (Imperial)
- Five Keys – My Saddest Hour / Oh! Babe! (Aladdin)
- Guitar Slim – Things I Used To Do / Well I Done Got Over It (Specialty)
- Howlin’ Wolf – All Night Boogie / I Love My Baby (Chess)
- Elmore James – Please Find My Baby / Strange Kinda’ Feeling (Flair)
- Joe Turner – TV Mama / Oke-She-Moke-She-Pop (Atlantic)
- Sonny Boy Williamson – Cat Hop / Too Close Together (Trumpet)
- Georges Brassens chante les chansons poétiques (Polydor France)
- Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra – Dizzy in Paris (Contemporary)
- Péter Éri born (Budapest) Hungarian folk viola player, flautist, mandolin player. Founder member of Muzsikás.
- Wharton Tiers born (Philadelphia, PA) American record producer, rock and avant-garde drummer, bandleader. Worked with Theoretical Girls, Laurie Anderson and his own bands.
- Cry Me a River (Arthur Hamilton); Ebb Tide (Carl Sigman, Robert Maxwell); Just Walkin’ In The Rain (Johnny Bragg, Robert S. Riley); Rags to Riches (Richard Adler, Jerry Ross); Rock Around the Clock (Jimmy De Knight, Max C. Freedman); Satin Doll (Billy Strayhorn, Duke Ellington); Secret Love (Paul Francis Webster, Sammy Fain); Stranger in Paradise (Robert Wright, George Forrest); That’s Amore (Jack Brooks, Harry Warren)
- Pierre Schaeffer / Various – Dix Ans D’Essais Radiophoniques Du Studio Au Club D’Essai: 1942-1952 Volumes 1-5 (RTF France)