- Benjamin Britten’s ballet The Prince of the Pagodas premiered in London
- Jackie Wilson records his final session as a member of Billy Ward and his Dominoes for Decca in New York
- Patty Loveless aka Patty Lee Ramey born (Pikeville, KY) American country singer, songwriter, guitarist.
- Maartin Allcock born (Middleton, Manchester) English folk and rock guitarist, keyboard player, fiddler, session player. Member of Fairport Convention from 1985 to 1996 and Jethro Tull from 1988 to 1991.
- Gertie Gitana (69) dies in London of cancer
- Elvis Presley makes his third and final appearance on the The Ed Sullivan Show
- David Lang born (Los Angeles) American composer, teacher.
- Bill Haley & His Comets kick off the first ever rock ‘n’ roll tour of Australia with two shows in Sydney
- Clarence “Cripple” Lofton (69) dies in Chicago from a blood clot on his brain
- Mary Carr Moore (83) dies in Inglewood, CA
- Peter Maxwell Davies’ A Womb with a View for trombone, violin, piano and percussion premiered in Manchester
- Rose Sutro (86) dies in Baltimore, MD
- Andrzej Panufnik’s Rhapsody for orchestra premiered in London
- John Cage’s Winter Music for 1-20 pianists premiered in New York
- (& 13 Jan) Elvis Presley records nine tracks for RCA in Hollywood including All Shook Up & That’s When Your Heartaches Begin. Elvis Presley (vo, g) Scotty Moore (g) Bill Black (b) Gordon Stoker (p) D.J. Fontana (d) The Jordanaires (vo)
- Arturo Toscanini (89) dies in New York
- The Cavern Club opens in Liverpool with the first night headlined by the Merseysippi Jazz Band
- Andy Sheppard born (Warminster, Wiltshire) English jazz tenor and soprano saxophonist, composer, bandleader. Worked with Carla Bley and his own groups.
- Buddy Holly is dropped by Decca Records
- Martin Scherber’s Symphony No.2 premiered in Lüneberg, Germany
- William Walton’s Cello Concerto premiered in Boston
- Francis Poulenc’s opera Dialogues des Carmélites [Dialogues of the Carmelites] premiered in Milan. Lib. Poulenc
- Janick Gers born (Hartlepool, Durham) English rock guitarist, songwriter. Member of Gillan from 1981 to 1982 and Iron Maiden from 1990.
- Steve DePace born (San Francisco, CA) American rock drummer. Member of Negative Trend from 1977 to 1979 and Flipper from 1979.
- Decca announces that Bill Haley’s Rock Around the Clock has become the UK’s first million-selling single
- John Lee Hooker – I’m So Worried Baby / The Road Is So Rough (Vee-Jay)
- Howlin’ Wolf – Goin’ Back Home / My Life (Chess)
- Chas McDevitt Skiffle Group Featuring Nancy Whiskey – Freight Train / The Cotton Song (Oriole UK)
- Gene Vincent – Crazy Legs / Important Words (Capitol)
- Paul Chambers Sextet – Whims of Chambers (Blue Note)
- Kenny Dorham – ‘Round About Midnight At The Cafe Bohemia (Blue Note)
- Art Farmer & Donald Byrd – Two Trumpets (Prestige)
- Introducing Johnny Griffin (Blue Note)
- The Magnificent Thad Jones (Blue Note)
- Peggy Lee – Dream Street (Decca)
- Hank Mobley – Mobley’s Message (Prestige)
- Modern Jazz Quartet – Django (Prestige)
- Art Pepper Quintet – The Return of Art Pepper (Jazz West)
- Dennis Brown born (Kingston, Jamaica) Jamaican reggae singer, songwriter. Died 1999
- The Everly Brothers sign to Cadence Records
- Steven Stapleton born (London) English multi-instrumentalist, composer. Worked as Nurse with Wound.
- Kim Jin-hi born (Incheon, Korea) Korean composer, geomungo player.
- Bill Haley and His Comets play their first UK show in London at the Dominion Theatre
- Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky’s Symphony no.7 premiered in Moscow (completed by S.S. Bogatïryov)
- Cindy Wilson born (Athens, GA) American rock singer. Founder member of the B-52s.
- Bo Diddley records a session for Checker in Chicago. Bo Diddley (vo, g) Jerome Green (perc) Frank Kirkland or Clifton James (d). Tracks cut include Hey! Bo Diddley & Mona
- (& 13 Mar) The Charles Mingus Quintet record two sessions for Atlantic in New York. Jimmy Knepper (tb) Shafi Hadi (ts, as) Wade Legge (p) Charles Mingus (b) Dannie Richmond (d) Jean Shepherd (narrator). Tracks cut are included on the album The Clown.
- Tony Butler born (London) English rock bass guitarist. Founder member of Big Country.
- Stanley Donen’s movie musical Funny Face opens, starring Fred Astaire & Audrey Hepburn. Music by Adolph Deutsch, George & Ira Gershwin
- The Greatest Show of 1957 package tour opens in Pittsburgh featuring Lavern Baker, Chuck Berry, Fats Domino, the Five Satins, Clyde McPhatter and others
- Józef Hofmann (81) dies in Los Angeles
- Ján Cikker’s opera Beg Bajazid premiered in Bratislava. Lib. Ján Smrek
- The Six-Five Special is broadcast by the BBC for the first time, introduced by Pete Murray and Jo Douglas
- Arturo Toscanini’s funeral takes place in Milan
- Falco aka Johann Hölzel born (Vienna) Austrian pop singer, songwriter, musician. Died 1998
- Marguerite Sylva (81) dies in Glendale, CA following a car crash the previous day
- Bernhard Lang born (Linz, Austria) Austrian composer, teacher.
- Henry Cowell’s Symphony no.10 premiered in New York
- The Crickets record That’ll Be The Day for Brunswick in Clovis, NM. The group are billed as such because of a clause in Buddy Holly’s Decca contract release that stops him rerecording songs already issued by his former label. Buddy Holly (vo, g) Larry Welborn (b) Jerry Allison (d)
- Larry Williams makes his first recordings for Specialty in New Orleans. Tracks cut include Just Because & Let Me Tell You Baby. Larry Williams (vo, p) John Anderson (tp) Jewell Grant (bars) Plas Johnson (ts) Irving Ashby (g) Willard McDaniel (p) Ralph Hamilton (b) Edward J. Hall (d)
- Adrian Smith born (London) English rock guitarist, bass guitarist, songwriter. Member of Iron Maiden from 1980 to 1990 and from 1999.
- Jabu Khanyile born (Soweto, South Africa) South African jazz singer, drummer. Died 2006
- Ruth Brown – Lucky Lips / My Heart Is Breaking Over You (Atlantic)
- Ray Charles – Ain’t That Love / I Want to Know (Atlantic)
- Patsy Cline – Walkin’ After Midnight / A Poor Man’s Roses (Decca)
- Fats Domino – I’m Walkin’ / I’m in the Mood for Love (Imperial)
- Drifters – Fools Fall in Love / It Was a Tear (Atlantic)
- Charlie Gracie – Butterfly / Ninety-Nine Ways (Cameo)
- Buddy Knox – Party Doll / My Baby’s Gone (Roulette)
- Carl Perkins – Matchbox / Your True Love (Sun)
- Billy Riley – Flying Saucer Rock ‘n’ Roll / I Want You Baby (Sun)
- Tommy Sands – Teen-Age Crush / Hep Dee Hootie (Capitol)
- Rockin’ n’ Reelin’ Cadets (Crown)
- Serge Chaloff – Blue Serge (Capitol)
- Paul Clayton – Folk Ballads of the English Speaking World (Folkways)
- Nat King Cole – After Midnight (Capitol)
- Miles Davis – The Birth Of The Cool (Capitol) Collection of sides recorded in 1949 and 1950
- The Kenny Drew Trio (Riverside)
- Bill Evans – New Jazz Conceptions (Riverside)
- Ella Fitzgerald Sings the Rodgers and Hart Songbook (Verve)
- Dizzy Gillespie / Django Reinhardt – Jazz From Paris (Verve)
- Louis Thomas Hardin – More Moondog (Prestige)
- Jackie McLean – Jackie’s Pal: Introducing Bill Hardman (Prestige)
- Lee Morgan Indeed (Blue Note)
- Horace Silver – 6 Pieces Of Silver (Blue Note)
- Frank Sinatra – Close To You (Capitol) Hollywood String Quartet conducted by Nelson Riddle.
- The Everly Brothers record a session in Nashville for Cadence. Don Everly, Phil Everly (vo, g) Chet Atkins, Ray Edenton (g) Jimmy Day (steel g) Lightnin’ Chance (b) Buddy Harman (d)
- Mark E Smith born (Salford) English rock singer, songwriter. Founder member of the Fall.
- Mose Allison makes his first recordings for Prestige in Hackensack, NJ. Mose Allison (p, vo) Taylor LaFargue (b) Frank Isola (d). Tracks cut are included on the album Back Country Suite.
- Leonard Bernstein’s Harvard Choruses for chorus premiered in New York
- David Diamond’s Sinfonia Concertante for orchestra premiered in Rochester, NY
- Clive Burr born (london) English rock drummer. Member of Iron Maiden from 1979 to 1982. Died 2013
- Othmar Schoeck (70) dies in Zürich of heart failure
- David Diamond’s Symphony no.6 premiered in Boston
- Iannis Xenakis’s Pithoprakta for orchestra premiered in Munich
- Mino Cinelu born (St Cloud, France) French jazz percussionist, multi-instrumentalist, composer, producer. Worked with Gong, Miles Davis, Weather Report and others.
- Ernst Krenek’s opera The Bell-Tower premiered in Urbana, IL. Lib. Krenek
- The Crickets sign to Brunswick while Buddy Holly also signs a solo deal with Coral. Both labels are subsidiaries of Decca, the company that dropped him two months earlier
- Elvis Presley buys the Graceland mansion in Memphis for a little over $100,000
- Jonathan Moore (Oxford) English electronic musician, producer. Co-founder of Ninja Tune records and Coldcut.
- Carson Robison (66) dies in Poughkeepsie, NY
- Virgil Thomson’s Eleven Chorale Preludes premiered in New Orleans
- Paul Morley born (Stockport) English journalist, writer, music theorist, television presenter, co-founder of ZTT records. Member of the Art of Noise from 1983 to 1985 and 1998 to 2000.
- Harry Partch’s dance satire The Bewitched for soprano, chorus, dancers and ensemble of original instruments premiered in Urbana, IL
- Billy MacKenzie born (Dundee) English pop singer, songwriter. Founder member of the Associates and solo artist. Died 1997
- Dušan Radić’s cantata Awaiting Maria premiered in Belgrade
- Victor Young’s music for Michael Anderson’s film Around the World in 80 Days wins the best dramatic score Oscar at the 29th Academy Awards. Alfred Newman and Ken Darby’s music for Walter Lang’s film The King and I wins the award for best musical score
- The Quarrymen are formed in Liverpool. John Lennon (g, vo) Pete Shotton (washboard) Eric Griffiths (g) Rod Davis (bjo) Len Garry (tea-chest b) Colin Hanton (d)
- Chuck Berry – School Day / Deep Feeling (Chess)
- John Lee Hooker – I’m So Excited / I See You When You’re Weak (Vee-Jay)
- Little Richard – Lucille / Send Me Some Lovin’ (Specialty)
- Elvis Presley – All Shook Up / That’s When Your Heartaches Begin (RCA Victor)
- Muddy Waters – Got My Mojo Workin’ / Rock Me (Chess)
- Kenny Burrell – All Night Long (Prestige)
- Nat King Cole – Love Is The Thing (Capitol) Orchestra conducted by Gordon Jenkins
- Tadd Dameron with John Coltrane – Mating Call (Prestige)
- Miles Davis – ‘Round About Midnight (Columbia)
- Miles Davis – Walkin’ (Prestige)
- Here Stands Fats Domino (Imperial)
- Here’s Little Richard (Specialty)
- Hank Mobley With Donald Byrd And Lee Morgan (Blue Note)
- Bud Powell Trio – Strictly Powell (RCA Victor)
- Sun Ra & His Arkestra – Supersonic Jazz (Saturn)
- Sonny Rollins Vol.1 (Blue Note)
- Horace Silver – Silver’s Blue (Epic)
- Gene Vincent and His Blue Caps (Capitol)
- Mark Alburger born (Upper Darby, PA) American composer, conductor, music director, journalist.
- Heitor Villa-Lobos’s Symphony No.10 premiered in Paris
- Yusef Lateef makes his first recordings as leader for Savoy in New York. Curtis Fuller (tb) Yusef Lateef (ts, fl) Hugh Lawson (p) Ernie Farrow (b) Louis Hayes (d) Doug Watkins (perc). Tracks cut appear on the albums Stablemates and Jazz for Thinkers.
- The Jazz Couriers play their first show in London. Ronnie Scott (ts) Tubby Hayes (ts, vib) Terry Shannon (p) Phil Bates (b) Bill Eyden (d)
- Steve Gustafson born (Seville) American rock bass guitarist. Founder member of 10,000 Maniacs.
- Vince Gill born (Norman, OK) American country singer, songwriter, guitarist, mandolin and banjo player. Member of Pure Prairie League from 1978 to 1982 and solo artist.
- Lonnie Donegan has the UK number one single for the first of five weeks with Cumberland Gap
- Mikhail Pletnev born (Arkhangelsk, Russia) Russian conductor, pianist, composer.
- Marc Ducret born (Paris) French jazz and avant-garde guitarist. Worked with Tim Berne, Samuel Blaser and solo.
- Sam Cooke makes his final recordings with the Soul Stirrers in Chicago before leaving to pursue a solo career
- Elvis Presley has the Billboard number one single for the first of eight weeks with All Shook Up
- Karlheinz Stockhausen’s Klavierstück XI no.7 premiered in New York
- David J Haskins born (Northampton) English rock bass guitarist, songwriter, singer. Founder member of Bauhaus and Love and Rockets. Brother of Kevin Haskins (b.1960).
- Charles Ives’s String Quartet no.1: From the Salvation Army premiered in New York (complete work)
- The Clark Terry Quintet record a session for Riverside in New York. Clark Terry (tp) Johnny Griffin (ts) Wynton Kelly (p) Paul Chambers (b) Philly Joe Jones (d). Tracks cut are included on the album Serenade To A Bus Seat
- Philippe Cuper born (Lille) French clarinetist, teacher.
- Hugo Alfvén’s ballet The Prodigal Son premiered in Stockholm
- Elvis Presley plays a show in Toronto, his first outside the US
- John Coltrane and Philly Joe Jones are both fired by Miles Davis due to their heroin use
- Wonder Mike aka Michael Wright born (Englewood, NJ) American rapper. Founder member of the Sugar Hill Gang.
- Morton Feldman’s Extensions 4 for three pianos & Piece for Four Pianos premiered in New York
- Elvis Presley records Jailhouse Rock (two versions) and two other tracks for RCA in Hollywood. Elvis Presley (vo, g) Scotty Moore (g) Bill Black (b) Dudley Brooks, Mike Stoller (p) D.J. Fontana (d) The Jordanaires (vo)
- Una Baines born (Manchester) English rock keyboard player. Member of the Fall from 1977 to 1978 and the Blue Orchids from 1979 to 1985.
- Lavern Baker – Jim Dandy Got Married / The Game Of Love (Atlantic)
- Dave Bartholomew – The Monkey / Shufflin’ Time (Imperial)
- Richard Berry – Louie, Louie / You Are My Sunshine (Flip)
- Coasters – Searchin’ / Young Blood (Atco)
- Danny & The Juniors – At The Hop / Sometimes (Singular). Vocal quartet formed in Philadelphia in 1955, led by Danny Rapp
- Bo Diddley – Hey! Bo Diddley / Mona (Checker)
- Everly Brothers – Bye Bye Love / I Wonder If I Care As Much (Cadence)
- BB King – I Want to Get Married / Troubles, Troubles, Troubles (RPM)
- Patti Page – Old Cape Cod / Wondering (Mercury)
- Count Basie & His Orchestra – April In Paris (Verve)
- Jacques Brel – Quand On N’a Que L’Amour aka 2 (Philips France)
- Hank Mobley And His All Stars (Blue Note)
- Thelonious Monk – Brilliant Corners (Riverside)
- Max Roach Plus Four (Mercury)
- Sonny Rollins – Saxophone Colossus (Prestige)
- The Weavers at Carnegie Hall (Vanguard) recorded live at Carnegie Hall, New York on 24 Dec 1955
- Markus Stockhausen born (Cologne) German jazz trumpeter, composer. Son of Karlheinz Stockhausen (1928-2007).
- Sid Vicious aka John Beverley born (Bromley) English rock bass guitarist, singer. Member of the Sex Pistols from 1977 to 1978. Died 1979
- Soozie Tyrell born (Pisa) American rock singer, violinist, guitarist. Member of the E Street Band from 2002 and solo artist.
- Bob Merrill and George Abbott’s musical New Girl in Town opens on Broadway (431 performances)
- Mikhail Gnesin (74) dies in Moscow
- Dominick Argento’s opera The Boor premiered in Rochester, NY, lib. John Olon-Scrymgeour after Anton Chekhov
- Miles Davis records the first of four sessions for the album Miles Ahead in New York. The others take place on 10, 23 and 27 May. Johnny Carisi, Bernie Glow, Taft Jordan, Louis Mucci, Ernie Royal (tp) Miles Davis (flh) Joe Bennett, Jimmy Cleveland, Frank Rehak (tb) Tom Mitchell (btb) Jim Buffington, Tony Miranda, Willie Ruff (frh) Bill Barber (tu) Edwin Caine, Sid Cooper, Romeo Penque (fl, cl) Danny Bank (bcl) Lee Konitz (as) Paul Chambers (b) Art Taylor (d) Gil Evans (arr, cond)
- Paul Leary born (San Antonio, TX) American rock guitarist, record producer, songwriter. Member of the Butthole Surfers from 1981.
- Ezio Pinza (64) dies in Stamford, CT following a stroke
- Dimitri Shostakovich’s Piano Concerto no.2 op.102 premiered in Moscow
- Marlon Jackson born (Gary, IN) American pop and soul singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist. Member of the Jackson Five. Brother of Rebbie (b.1950) Jackie (b.1951) Tito (b.1953) Jermaine (b.1954) La Toya (b.1956) Michael (1958-2009) Randy (b.1961) and Janet (b.1966) Jackson.
- Pauline Oliveros’ Serenade for viola and bassoon premiered in San Francisco
- Gian Francesco Malipiero’s operas Il figluol prodigo [the prodigal son] & Venere prigioniera [Venus imprisoned] premiered in Florence. Both libs. Malipiero
- Contract problems between Buddy Holly and Decca are resolved when an agreement is reached that solo records will be released on the Decca subsidiary Coral, and band records under the name the Crickets on Brunswick
- Michael Cretu born (Bucharest) Romanian electronic musician, producer, DJ. Recorded as Enigma.
- Alexander Vertinsky (68) dies in St Petersburg
- George Antheil’s opera Venus in Africa premiered in Denver, lib. M. Dyne
- Siouxsie aka Susan Dallion born (London) English rock singer, songwriter. Founder member of Siouxsie & the Banshees and the Creatures.
- Bohuslav Martinu’s cantata The Legend of the Smoke from Potato Fires premiered in Prague
- John Coltrane makes his first recordings as leader in Hackensack, NJ for Prestige. Johnny Splawn (tp) John Coltrane (ts) Sahib Shihab (bars) Mal Waldron, Red Garland (p) Paul Chambers (b) Albert Heath (d). Tracks cut are included on the album Coltrane.
- Johnny Cash – Next in Line / Don’t Make Me Go (Sun)
- Ray Charles – It’s All Right / Get on the Right Track Baby (Atlantic)
- Crickets – That’ll Be The Day / I’m Lookin’ For Someone To Love (Brunswick)
- Fats Domino – Valley Of Tears / It’s You I Love (Imperial)
- Dale Hawkins – Susie-Q / Don’t Leave Me This Way (Checker)
- Elmore James – Coming Home / The Twelve Year Old Boy (Vee Jay)
- Jerry Lee Lewis – Whole Lotta Shakin’ Goin’ On / It’ll Be Me (Sun)
- Sonny Boy Williamson – Keep It to Yourself / The Key (Checker)
- Chuck Berry – After School Sessions (Chess)
- Dave Brubeck Quartet – Jazz Impressions of the USA (Columbia)
- Lou Donaldson – Wailing With Lou (Blue Note)
- Tal Farlow – Tal (Verve)
- The Jimmy Giuffre 3 (Atlantic)
- Roland Kirk – Triple Threat (King)
- Hank Mobley – Mobley’s Second Message (Prestige)
- Lee Morgan Vol.2 (Blue Note)
- Susan Reed (Elektra)
- Frank Sinatra – A Swingin’ Affair (Capitol) Orchestra conducted by Nelson Riddle
- Josh White Stories Vol.2 (ABC Paramount)
- Sam Cooke records You Send Me and two other tracks for new label Keen in Hollywood. These are his first solo recordings since leaving the Soul Stirrers. Sam Cooke (vo) Clif White, Rene Hall (g) Ted Brinson (b) Earl Palmer (d) The Pied Pipers (vo)
- William Alwyn’s Fantasy Waltzes for piano premiered on BBC Radio
- Mark Chung born (Leeds) German rock bassist, music publisher. Member of Abwärtz from 1979 to 1981 and Einstürzende Neubauten from 1981 to 1994.
- Emanuel Dimas de Melo Pimenta born (Sao Paulo) Brazilian composer, architect, musician, multi-media artist.
- Frances Densmore (90) dies
- Paddy McAloon born (Durham) English pop singer, songwriter, guitarist. Founder member of Prefab Sprout. Brother of Martin McAloon (b.1962).
- Malcolm Arnold’s Four Scottish Dances for orchestra premiered in London
- Wolfgang Fortner’s opera Bluthochzeit [Blood Wedding], lib. Fortner after Lorca, premiered in Cologne
- N.U. Unruh aka Andrew Chudy born (New York, NY) German rock percussionist. Member of Einstürzende Neubauten from 1980.
- Jamaaladeen Tacuma aka Rudy McDaniel born (Hempstead, NY) American jazz bassist, composer, bandleader. Worked with Prime Time and others.
- Geri Allen born (Pontiac, MI) American jazz pianist, composer, teacher.
- Jimmy Dorsey (53) dies in New York of throat cancer
- Raymond Pettibon aka Ray Ginn born (Los Angeles, CA) American artist, lyricist. Brother of Greg Ginn (b.1954).
- Curtis Fuller records a session for Blue Note in Hackensack, NJ. Curtis Fuller (tb) Hank Mobley (ts) Bobby Timmons (p) Paul Chambers (b) Art Taylor (d). Tracks cut appear on the album The Opener.
- Phil Chevron aka Philip Ryan born (Dublin) Irish rock guitarist, songwriter, singer. Founder member of Radiators from Space and member of the Pogues from 1985 to 1994 and from 2001.
- Miles Davis’s new quintet play their first show at the Cafe Bohemia in New York. Miles Davis (tp) Sonny Rollins (ts) Red Garland (p) Paul Chambers (b) Art Taylor (d). Only Chambers remains with Davis by September
- Igor Stravinsky’s ballet Agon premiered in Los Angeles (concert performance)
- Francis Poulenc’s Flute Sonata premiered in Strasbourg
- Mark Brzezicki born (Slough) English rock drummer, session player. Founder member of Big Country.
- Malcolm Williamson’s Symphony No.1 & Santiago de Espada overture premiered in London
- Ede Poldini (88) dies in Vevey, Switzerland
- Robert Forster born (Brisbane) Australian rock singer, songwriter, guitarist. Founder member of the Go-Betweens and solo artist.
- Lonnie Donegan has the UK number one single for the first of three weeks with the double A side Gamblin’ Man / Putting On The Style
- (to 1 Jul) Buddy Holly and the Crickets record four songs over three days for Coral and Brunswick in Clovis, NM. Tracks cut are Peggy Sue; Oh Boy; Listen To Me & I’m Gonna Love You Too. Buddy Holly (vo, g) Joe B. Mauldin (b) Jerry Allison (d)
- Paul Anka – Diana / Don’t Gamble With Love (ABC-Paramount)
- Bobbettes – Mr Lee / Look At The Stars (Atlantic)
- Buddy Holly – Words of Love / Mailman, Bring Me No More Blues (Coral)
- John Lee Hooker – Little Wheel / Rosie Mae (Vee-Jay)
- Little Richard – Jenny Jenny / Miss Ann (Specialty)
- Huey Piano Smith & The Clowns – Rocking Pneumonia & The Boogie-Woogie Flu parts 1 & 2 (Ace)
- Larry Williams – Short Fat Fannie / High School Dance (Specialty)
- Art Blakey And The Jazz Messengers – Drum Suite (Columbia)
- Art Blakey – Orgy In Rhythm Volume 1 (Blue Note)
- Ray Charles (Atlantic)
- Martin Denny – Exotica (Liberty)
- Bob Gibson – I Come For To Sing (Riverside)
- Juliette Greco – Greco (Columbia). US compilation of material originally issued in France
- BB King – Singin’ The Blues (Crown) Compilation of previously issued material
- Julie London – About The Blues (Liberty)
- Jackie McLean & Co. (Prestige)
- Sonny Rollins – Way Out West (Contemporary)
- Laura Branigan born (Brewster, NY) American pop singer. Died 2004
- Poly Styrene aka Marianne Joan Elliott-Said born (Bromley) English rock singer, songwriter. Founder member of X-Ray Spex and solo artist. Died 2011
- (to 7th) The 1957 Newport Jazz Festival takes place with appearances by Louis Armstrong, Sidney Bechet, Ella Fitzgerald, Kid Ory, Cannonball Adderley, George Shearing, Stan Kenton, Stan Getz, Cecil Taylor, Dave Brubeck, Billie Holiday, Dizzy Gillespie, Sarah Vaughan, Count Basie and others.
- Henry Février (81) dies in Paris
- William Alwyn’s Elizabethan Dances premiered in London
- The Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra play a set at the Newport Jazz Festival. Talib Daawud, Lee Morgan, Ermit V. Perry, Carl Warwick (tp) Dizzy Gillespie (tp, vo) Chuck Connors, Al Grey, Melba Liston (tb) Ernie Henry, Jimmy Powell (as) Benny Golson, Billy Mitchell (ts) Pee Wee Moore (bars) Wynton Kelly (p) Paul West (b) Charlie Persip (d). Tracks cut are included on the album Dizzy Gillespie At Newport.
- The Quarrymen play a show at a fête in Woolton, Liverpool where John Lennon and Paul McCartney meet for the first time
- The Count Basie Orchestra play a set at the Newport Jazz Festival. Wendell Culley, Reunald Jones, Thad Jones, Joe Newman (tp) Roy Eldridge (tp) Henry Coker, Bill Hughes, Benny Powell (tb) Bill Graham (as) Marshall Royal (as, cl) Frank Foster (ts) Lester Young (ts) Illinois Jacquet (ts) Frank Wess (ts, fl) Charlie Fowlkes (bars) Count Basie (p, org) Freddie Green (g) Eddie Jones (b) Sonny Payne (d) Jo Jones (d) Jimmy Rushing (vo). Tracks cut are included on the album Count Basie At Newport.
- Marc Almond born (Southport) English pop and electronica singer, songwriter. Founder member of Soft Cell, Marc & the Mambas and solo artist.
- Alexander Goedicke (80) dies in Moscow
- Hal Kanter’s film Loving You opens starring Elvis Presley. Music by Walter Scharf
- Peter Murphy born (Northampton) English rock singer, songwriter. Founder member of Bauhaus and solo artist.
- Michael Rose born (Kingston, Jamaica) Jamaican reggae singer, songwriter. Founder member of Black Uhuru and solo artist.
- Elvis Presley has the UK number one single for the first of seven weeks with All Shook Up and the Billboard number one single for the first of seven weeks with (Let Me Be Your) Teddy Bear
- Serge Chaloff (33) dies in Boston of spine cancer
- Robert Simpson’s Symphony No.2 premiered in Cheltenham
- Keith Levine born (London) English rock guitarist, songwriter. Member of the Clash in 1976 and Public Image Ltd from 1978 to 1983.
- John Coltrane plays his first show as a member of the Thelonious Monk Quartet
- John Gardner’s Piano Concerto No.1 op.34 premiered in Cheltenham
- Rouben Mamoulian’s movie musical Silk Stockings opens, starring Fred Astaire & Cyd Charisse. Music by Cole Porter
- Arthur Butterworth’s Symphony No.1 op.15 premiered in Cheltenham
- Peter Maxwell Davies’ Clarinet Sonata premiered in Darmstadt
- Edson Lopes born (São Paulo) Brazilian classical guitarist, composer, arranger.
- Sonny Clark makes his first studio recordings as leader for Blue Note in Hackensack, NJ. Art Farmer (tp) Curtis Fuller (tb) Hank Mobley (ts) Sonny Clark (p) Wilbur Ware (b) Louis Hayes (d). Tracks cut are included on the album Dial S for Sonny.
- Elvis Presley has the Billboard number one album for the first of ten weeks with Loving You
- Jerry Lee Lewis makes his television debut on NBC’s Steve Allen Show
- All public dancehalls in Iran are closed down after a state ban on rock ‘n’ roll music
- Rat Scabies aka Christopher Millar born (Kingston-upon-Thames) English rock drummer, session player. Founder member of the Damned.
- Nino Rota’s incidental music for C. Goldoni’s play L’impresario delle Smirne [The Impresario of Smyrna] premiered in Venice
- Daniel Ash born (Northampton) English rock guitarist, songwriter. Founder member of Bauhaus and Love and Rockets.
- Lee Andrews & The Hearts – Long Lonely Nights / The Clock (Chess). Vocal quintet formed in Philadelphia in 1953
- Joe Bennett & the Sparkletones – Black Slacks / Boppin’ Rock Boogie (ABC-Paramount)
- Slim Harpo – I’m a King Bee / I Got Love If You Want It (Excello)
- Howlin’ Wolf – Somebody in My Home / Nature (Chess)
- Gene Vincent – Lotta Lovin’ / Wear My Ring (Capitol)
- Mose Allison – Back Country Suite (Prestige)
- Kenny Burrell (Prestige)
- Cookin’ With The Miles Davis Quintet (Prestige)
- Coleman Hawkins – The Hawk Flies High (Riverside)
- Cliff Jordan / John Gilmore – Blowin’ In From Chicago (Blue Note)
- The Modern Jazz Quartet (Atlantic)
- Art Pepper Meets The Rhythm Section (Contemporary)
- Elvis Presley – Loving You (RCA Victor)
- Mojo Nixon aka Neill Kirby McMillan born (Danby, VA) American rock singer, songwriter, satirist, actor, broadcaster.
- Celiists Pablo Casals and Maria Montañez marry in New York
- Henry Cluney born (Belfast) Irish rock guitarist, songwriter. Member of Stiff Little Fingers from 1977 to 1983.
- The Everly Brothers make their national television debut on CBS’s Ed Sullivan Show
- Gerhard Schedl born (Vienna) Austrian composer. Died 2000
- American Bandstand, which had been running locally in Chicago since 1952, is aired nationally for the first time on the ABC Network. The presenter is Dick Clark
- Dennis Drew born (Jamestown, NY) American rock keyboard player, songwriter, radio station manager. Founder member of 10,000 Maniacs.
- Peter Maxwell Davies’ Alma Redemptoris Mater for flute, oboe, two clarinets, horn and bassoon & Sextet for flute, clarinet in A, bass clarinet, violin, cello and piano premiered in Dartington, Devon
- Paul Hindemith’s opera Die Harmonie der Welt [the harmony of the world] premiered in Munich, lib. Hindemith
- Bohuslav Martinu’s Sinfonietta La Jolla premiered in La Jolla, CA
- Tan Dun born (Si Mao, Hunan, China) Chinese composer, viola player.
- (& 16 Aug) The Everly Brothers record five tracks over two days for Cadence in Nashville including Wake Up Little Susie. Don Everly, Phil Everly (vo, g) Chet Atkins, Ray Edenton (g) Floyd Cramer (p) Lightnin’ Chance (b) Buddy Harman (d)
- The Crickets play the first of a groundbreaking week of shows at the Apollo Theater in Harlem to an almost exclusively black audience
- Ricky Nelson makes his first recordings for Imperial in Hollywood
- Márta Sebestyén born (Budapest) Hungarian folk singer, songwriter. member of Muzsikás and solo artist.
- Leonard Bernstein and Stephen Sondheim’s musical West Side Story premiered in Washington, DC
- Darius Milhaud’s Aspen Serenade for chamber orchestra premiered in Aspen, CO
- Budgie aka Peter Clarke born (St Helens) English rock drummer. Member of Big in Japan in 1978, the Slits in 1979, Siouxsie & the Banshees from 1979 to 1996 and the Creatures from 1981 to 2004.
- Antônio Meneses born (Recife, Brazil) Brazilian cellist.
- Albert Sammons (71) dies in Middleton-on-Sea, Sussex, from Parkinson’s Disease
- Heitor Villa-Lobos’s Piano concerto no.3 premiered in Rio de Janeiro
- Francis Pott born (Wallingford, Oxfordshire) English composer, pianist, teacher, administrator.
- John O’Neill born (Derry) Irish rock guitarist, songwriter. Founder member of the Undertones and That Petrol Emotion. Brother of Damian O’Neill (b. 1961).
- Stanley Donen and George Abbott’s musical film The Pajama Game opens starring Doris Day. Music by Richard Adler and Jerry Ross
- Gina Schock born (Baltimore, MD) American rock and pop drummer, songwriter, singer. Member of the Go-Gos from 1979 to 1985 and from 1999.
- Glenn Tilbrook born (London) English rock and pop singer, songwriter, guitarist. Founder member of Squeeze and solo artist.
- Bobby Bland – Farther Up the Road / Sometime Tomorrow (Duke)
- Johnny Cash – Home of the Blues / Give My Love to Rose (Sun)
- Coasters – Idol With the Golden Head / (When She Wants Good Lovin’) My Baby Comes to Me (Atco)
- Fats Domino – When I See You / What Will I Tell My Heart (Imperial)
- Dubs – Could This Be Magic / Such Lovin’ (Gone). Vocal group formed in 1956 in New York, led by Richard Blandon
- Muddy Waters – Good News / Come Home, Baby (Chess)
- Patsy Cline (Decca)
- Peggy Lee – The Man I Love (Capitol) Orchestra conducted by Frank Sinatra, arranged by Nelson Riddle
- Hank Mobley Quintet (Blue Note)
- Jean Ritchie (Elektra)
- Gloria Estefan born (Havana) Cuban-American pop singer, songwriter, actress.
- Dennis Brain (36) dies in Hatfield, Hertfordshire after losing control of his car and driving into a a tree
- The Sonny Clark Sextet record a session for Blue Note in Hackensack, NJ. Donald Byrd (tp) Curtis Fuller (tb) John Coltrane (ts) Sonny Clark (p) Paul Chambers (b) Art Taylor (d). Tracks cut are included on the album Sonny’s Crib
- The Biggest Show of Stars for 1957 package tour opens in Brooklyn featuring Paul Anka, Chuck Berry, the Drifters, the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Clyde McPhatter and others
- Louis Mitchell (71) dies in Washington, DC
- Henry Cowell’s Music for Orchestra premiered in Athens
- Francis Poulenc’s Le Travail du peintre [the work of the painter] for voice and piano & Deux mélodies 1956 for voice and piano premiered in Edinburgh
- Pierre-Laurent Aimard born (Lyon) French concert pianist.
- Lu Edmonds born (Welwyn Garden City) English rock and folk multi-instrumentalist, session player. Worked with the Damned, Mekons, 3 Mustaphas 3, Public Image Ltd and others.
- Petar Stojanović (80) dies in Belgrade
- Darius Milhaud’s Le globetrotter op.358 for chamber orchestra and Les charmes de la vie [the charms of life] for chamber orchestra premiered on Radio Lausanne
- Igor Stravinsky’s Canticum Sacrum for choir and orchestra premiered in Venice
- The John Coltrane Sextet record a session for Blue Note in Hackensack, NJ. Lee Morgan (tp) Curtis Fuller (tb) John Coltrane (ts) Kenny Drew (p) Paul Chambers (b) Philly Joe Jones (d). Tracks cut are included on the album Blue Train
- Francis Poulenc’s Vive Nadia for voice and piano (written in honour of Nadia Boulanger) premiered in Villars-sur-Ollon, Switzerland
- Henry Cowell’s Persian Set for chamber orchestra premiered in Tehran
- Martin Bramah born (Salford) English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter. Member of the Fall from 1977 to 1979 and from 1989 to 1990 and the Blue Orchids from 1979 to 1985.
- Emily Remler born (New York) American jazz guitarist, composer. Died 1990
- Heino Kaski (71) dies in Helsinki
- Jean Sibelius (91) dies in Järvenpää, Finland of a cerebral haemorrhage
- Bill Black and Scotty Moore quit Elvis Presley’s band after a dispute with manager Tom Parker
- Nick Cave born (Warracknabeal, Australia) Australian rock singer, songwriter, pianist, novelist, screenwriter. Founder member of the Boys Next Door, the iBrthday Party, the Bad Seeds and Grinderman.
- Hans Werner Henze’s ballet Maratona premiered in Berlin
- Arthur Laurents, Leonard Bernstein & Stephen Sondheim’s musical West Side Story opens on Broadway (732 performances)
- Pierre Boulez’s Piano Sonata no.3 premiered in Darmstadt
- Benjamin Britten’s Pas de six for orchestra premiered in Birmingham
- Peter Sellars born (Pittsburgh, PA) American theatre and opera director.
- The Lee Morgan Quintet record a session for Blue Note in Hackensack, NJ. Lee Morgan (tp) Pepper Adams (bars) Bobby Timmons (p) Paul Chambers (b) Philly Joe Jones (d). Tracks cut are included on the album The Cooker
- Jean Sibelius is given a state funeral in Helsinki
- Ralph Vaughan Williams’ cantata Epithalamion premiered in London
- Sam Cooke – You Send Me / Summertime (Keen)
- Everly Brothers – Wake Up Little Susie / Maybe Tomorrow (Cadence)
- Buddy Holly – Peggy Sue / Everyday (Coral)
- Little Richard – Keep A Knockin’ / Can’t Believe You Wanna Leave (Specialty)
- Elvis Presley – Jailhouse Rock / Treat Me Nice (RCA Victor)
- Jimmy Reed – Honest I Do / Signals Of Love (Vee-Jay)
- Jackie Wilson – Reet Petite / By The Light Of The Silvery Moon (Brunswick)
- Dave Brubeck – Jazz Goes To Junior College (Columbia)
- The Great Ray Charles (Atlantic)
- Curtis Fuller – The Opener (Blue Note)
- Charles Mingus – The Clown (Atlantic)
- Sabu – Palo Congo (Blue Note)
- Frank Sinatra – Where Are You? (Capitol) Orchestra conducted by Gordon Jenkins
- David Diamond’s String Quartet no.4 premiered in New York
- Edmund Rubbra’s Symphony No.7 premiered in Birmingham
- Nino Rota’s ballet Rappresentazione di Adamo ed Eva [Representation of Adam and Eve] premiered in Perugia
- Tim Westwood born (Lowestoft, Suffolk) English disc jockey, broadcaster.
- George Cukor’s movie musical Les Girls opens, starring Gene Kelly, Kay Kendall & Mitzi Gaynor
- Russell Simmons born (Queens, NY) American record executive, co-founder of Def Jam records and Rush Communications, entrepreneur. Brother of Joseph Simmons (b. 1964).
- Lee Thompson born (London) English rock and pop saxophonist, songwriter. Founder member of Madness
- Jon Langford born (Newport, Gwent) Welsh rock drummer, guitarist, singer, songwriter. Founder member of the Mekons, the Three Johns and the Waco Brothers.
- Einojuhani Rautavaara’s Symphony No. 2 premiered in Helsinki
- Little Richard renounces rock ‘n’ roll and declares that he will dedicate his life to religion at a show in Sydney
- Natanael Berg (78) dies in Stockholm
- James Clarke born (London) English composer, teacher.
- Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Flourish for Glorious John for orchestra (written in honour of John Barbirolli) premiered in Manchester
- Ralph Benatzky (73) dies in Zürich
- Richard Thorpe’s musical drama Jailhouse Rock opens starring Elvis Presley
- Paul McCartney plays his first show with the Quarrymen in Norris Green, Liverpool
- Karl Wallinger born (Prestatyn) Welsh rock singer, multi-instrumentalist, songwriter. Worked with the Waterboys and founder member of World Party.
- The Everly Brothers have the Billboard number one single for the first of two weeks with Wake Up Little Susie
- Anouar Brahem born (Halfaouine, Tunisia) Tunisian oud player, composer.
- Ernest Bloch’s Suite no.2 for unaccompanied viola premiered on BBC Radio
- Luigi Nono’s Varianti for three flutes, three clarinets and strings premiered in Donaueshingen
- Attila the Stockbroker aka John Baine born (Southwick, Sussex) English performance poet, folk and rock singer, songwriter.
- Julian Cope born (Tamworth) English rock singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, writer. Founder member of the Teardrop Explodes and solo artist.
- Abe Lyman (60) dies in Los Angeles of cancer
- Arthur Bliss’s ballet Discourse for Orchestra premiered in Louisville, KY
- George Sidney’s movie musical Pal Joey opens, starring Rita Hayworth, Frank Sinatra & Kim Novak. Music by Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart
- Aaron Copland’s Piano Fantasy premiered in New York
- Peter Prescott born (Nantucket, MA) American rock drummer. Founder member of Mission of Burma, and Volcano Suns.
- Thomas Daniel Schlee born (Vienna) Austrian composer, organist, teacher, arts administrator.
- Ralph Vaughan Williams’ Variations for brass band premiered in London
- Einojuhani Rautavaara’s Two Preludes and Fugues for cello and piano premiered in Helsinki
- Stephen Morris born (Macclesfield) English rock drummer, songwriter, producer. Member of Joy Division from 1977 to 1980, founder member of New Order and The Other Two.
- Shlomo Mintz born (Moscow) Israeli violinist, viola player, conductor.
- Dimitri Shostakovich’s Symphony No. 11″The Year 1905″ premiered in Moscow
- Robert Pollard born (Dayton, OH) American rock singer, songwriter, guitarist. Founder member of Guided by Voices and solo artist.
- Ray Charles – Swanee River Rock (Talkin’ ‘Bout That River) / I Want a Little Girl (Atlantic)
- Crickets – Oh Boy / Not Fade Away (Brunswick)
- Bo Diddley – Say! (Boss Man) / Before You Accuse Me (Checker)
- Fats Domino – Wait And See / I Still Love You (Imperial)
- Hollywood Flames – Buzz-Buzz-Buzz / Crazy (Ebb)
- Wanda Jackson – Fujiyama Mama / No Wedding Bells For Joe (Capitol)
- Elmore James – It Hurts Me Too / Elmore’s Contribution to Jazz (Vee Jay)
- Rays – Silhouettes / Daddy Cool (Cameo)
- Frank Sinatra – All The Way / Chicago (Capitol)
- Larry Williams – Bony Moronie / You Bug Me Baby (Specialty)
- Art Blakey – Orgy In Rhythm Volume 2 (Blue Note)
- Johnny Cash With His Hot and Blue Guitar (Sun)
- Paul Chambers Quartet – Bass On Top (Blue Note)
- John Coltrane – Coltrane (Prestige)
- Kenny Dorham – Jazz Contrasts (Riverside)
- Duke Ellington – Such Sweet Thunder (Columbia)
- Lester Flatt & Earl Scruggs – Foggy Mountain Jamboree (Columbia)
- Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra – Dizzy In Greece (Verve)
- Johnny Griffin – Vol. 2: A Blowing Session (Blue Note)
- Louis Thomas Hardin – The Story Of Moondog (Prestige)
- Jazz Messengers – Hard Bop (Columbia)
- J.J. Johnson – First Place (Columbia)
- Julie London – Make Love To Me (Liberty)
- Thelonious Monk – Thelonious Himself (Riverside)
- Lee Morgan Volume 3 (Blue Note)
- Ken Nordine – Word Jazz (Dot)
- Odetta at the Gate of Horn (Tradition) recorded live at the Gate of Horn, Chicago in 1956
- Original Cast – West Side Story (Columbia)
- Sonny Rollins Vol. 2 (Blue Note)
- Horace Silver – The Stylings Of Silver (Blue Note)
- Clark Terry – Serenade To A Bus Seat (Riverside)
- Lyle Lovett born (Klein, TX) American country singer, songwriter, guitarist, actor, record producer.
- Steve Lacy makes his first recordings as leader for Prestige in Hackensack, NJ. Steve Lacy (ss) Wynton Kelly (p) Buell Neidlinger (b) Dennis Charles (d). Tracks cut are included on the album Soprano Sax
- The Crickets have the UK number one single for the first of three weeks with That’ll Be The Day
- Elvis Presley has the Billboard number one single for the first of six weeks with Jailhouse Rock
- Sam Cooke makes his national television debut on CBS’s Ed Sullivan Show, although his performance of You Send Me is cut off half way through as the show overruns
- Joseph Canteloube (78) dies in Grigny, France
- Darius Milhaud’s Service pour la veille du Sabbat op.345 [Service for the Sabbath Eve] for children’s chorus and organ premiered in Paris
- Porl Thompson born (London) English rock guitarist. Member of the Cure from 1976 to 1978, 1984 to 1992 and 2005 to 2010.
- The Mose Allison Trio record a session for Prestige in Hackensack, NJ. Mose Allison (p, tp, vo) Addison Farmer (b) Nick Stabulas (d). Tracks cut are included on the album Local Color
- Erik Bergman’s Tre aspetti d’una serie dodecafonica op. 46 [Three aspects of a twelve-tone series] for orchestra premiered in Helsinki
- Ettore Pozzoli (84) dies in Seregno, Italy
- Kevin Eubanks born (Philadelphia) American jazz guitarist, composer. Leader of the NBC Tonight Show band from 1995 to 2010. Brother of Robin Eubanks (b.1955)
- Jorge Liderman born (Buenos Aires) Argentinian-American composer, teacher. Died 2008
- Wooden Joe Nicholas (74) dies in New Orleans
- Morton Feldman’s Piano Piece 1956B premiered in New York
- Ernest Bloch’s Proclamation for trumpet and orchestra premiered in New York
- Pauline Oliveros’ Three Songs for soprano and piano & Three Songs for soprano and horn premiered in San Francisco
- Ofra Haza born (Tel Aviv) Israeli singer, songwriter, actress, pianist. Died 2000
- Pepper Adams makes his first recordings as leader in New York for Savoy. Bernard McKinney (euph) Pepper Adams (bars) Hank Jones (p) George Duvivier (b) Elvin Jones (d). Tracks cut are included on the album The Cool Sound Of Pepper Adams
- Leonard Bernstein is named Music Director of the New York Philharmonic
- Hendrik Hofmeyr born (Cape Town) South African composer, teacher.
- Jack Beeson’s opera The Sweet Bye and Bye premiered in New York. Lib. Kenward Elmslie
- Vivian Fine’s String Quartet premiered in New York
- Andrzej Panufnik’s Symphony No.2, Sinfonia Elegiaca premiered in Houston
- Simon & Garfunkel make their television debut on American Bandstand as Tom & Jerry singing their hit Hey Schoolgirl
- Dimitri Shostakovich’s Cultivation op.104 for chorus premiered in Moscow
- Erich Wolfgang Korngold (60) dies in Los Angeles of heart failure
- Dušan Radić’s Divertimento for string orchestra, vibraphone and percussion premiered in Belgrade
- Richard Barbieri born (London) English rock keyboard player, composer. Founder member of Japan and Rain Tree Crow, member of Porcupine Tree from 1993.
- Beniamino Gigli (67) dies in Rome following a heart attack
- Chuck Berry – Rock & Roll Music / Blue Feeling (Chess)
- Bill Justis – Raunchy / The Midnite Man (Phillips International)
- Jerry Lee Lewis – Great Balls Of Fire / You Win Again (Sun)
- Tom & Jerry – Hey Schoolgirl / Dancin’ Wild (Big). Simon & Garfunkel’s debut single
- Sonny Clark – Dial “S” For Sonny (Blue Note)
- The Coasters (Atco)
- The Chirpin’ Crickets (Brunswick)
- Miles Davis – Miles Ahead (Columbia)
- Ella Fitzgerald – Like Someone in Love (Verve)
- Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong – Ella and Louis Again (Verve)
- Bob Gibson – Carnegie Concert (Riverside) recorded live at the Carnegie Recital Hall, NY on 11 Feb 1957
- Dizzy Gillespie And Stuff Smith (Verve)
- Thelonious Monk – Monk’s Music (Riverside)
- Gerry Mulligan / Thelonious Monk – Mulligan Meets Monk (Riverside)
- Sonny Rollins – The Sound Of Sonny (Riverside)
- The Crickets make their first appearance on the Ed Sullivan Show
- Igor Stravinsky’s ballet Agon premiered in New York (staged performance)
- Malcolm Arnold’s Symphony No. 3 premiered in London
- Bohuslav Martinu’s Piano Sonata premiered in Brno
- Pierre Boulez’s Le visage nuptial [The wedding face] for choir and orchestra premiered in Cologne
- (& 5th) Miles Davis records the soundtrack to the Louis Malle film Ascenseur Pour L’echafaud [lift to the scaffold] with the Rene Urtreger Quartet for Fontana in Paris. Miles Davis (tp) Barney Wilen (ts) Rene Urtreger (p) Pierre Michelot (b) Kenny Clarke (d)
- Adrian Borland born (London) English rock singer, songwriter, guitarist. Founder member of The Sound. Died 1999
- Bob Drake born (Cleveland, OH) American rock and avant-garde bassist, singer, songwriter, recording engineer. Worked with Thinking Plague, the Science Group and solo.
- Roger Sessions’s Symphony no.3 premiered in Boston
- Earl Hudson born (?, AL) American rock and reggae drummer. Founder member of Bad Brains. Brother of HR aka Paul Hudson (b.1956).
- Donny Osmond born (Ogden, UT) American pop singer, songwriter, record producer, broadcaster. Member of the Osmonds and solo artist.
- Paul Hardcastle born (London) English jazz and electronic keyboard player, composer, producer.
- Sheila E aka Sheila Escovedo born (Oakland, CA) American pop , R&B and jazz drummer, singer, songwriter, actress. Worked with Prince, George Duke, Ringo Starr and solo.
- Jerry Lee Lewis marries his 13 year old second cousin Myra Gale Brown
- Sam Cooke has the Billboard number one single for the first of two weeks with You Send Me
- Morton Feldman’s Piano (Three Hands) & Two Pianos premiered in Cambridge, MA
- Christian Wolff’s Duo for Pianists I premiered in Cambridge, MA
- Tracy Pew born (Melbourne) Australian rock bassist. Member of Boys Next Door and the Birthday Party. Died 1986
- Elvis Presley is drafted into the United States Army
- Meredith Willson’s musical The Music Man opens on Broadway (1375 performances)
- Billy Bragg born (Barking) English rock and folk singer, songwriter, guitarist, writer
- Anna Vissi born (Larnaca, Cyprus) Greek Cypriot singer, songwriter, actress, television personality.
- Mike Watt born (Portsmouth, VA) American rock bassist, singer, songwriter. Founder member of the Minutemen, Firehose and Dos, member of the Stooges from 2003 and solo artist.
- Walter Page (57) dies in New York of pneumonia
- Eric Coates (71) dies in Chichester, Sussex following a stroke
- Ricky Ross born (Dundee) Scottish pop singer, songwriter, musician, broadcaster. Founder member of Deacon Blue.
- Shane MacGowan born (Tunbridge Wells) Anglo-Irish rock and folk singer, songwriter. Founder member of the Nips, the Pogues and the Popes.
- Charles Pathé (93) dies in Monaco
- The Alan Freed Christmas Jubilee begins a run of six shows a day for twelve days with appearances by Paul Anka, Fats Domino, the Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly, Jerry Lee Lewis and others. The first show starts at 9am
- Lee Andrews & The Hearts – Tear Drops / The Girl Around The Corner (Chess)
- Eddie Cochran – Twenty Flight Rock / Cradle Baby (Liberty)
- Sam Cooke – I’ll Come Running Back to You / Forever (Specialty)
- Ricky Nelson – Stood Up / Waitin’ In School (Imperial)
- Frank Sinatra – Witchcraft / Tell Her You Love Her (Capitol)
- Count Basie At Newport (Verve) recorded live at the 1957 Newport Jazz Festival on 7 Jul 1957
- Art Blakey’s Jazz Messengers – Hard Drive (Bethlehem)
- Miles Davis – Bags’ Groove (Prestige)
- Red Garland Trio – Groovy (Prestige)
- Dizzy Gillespie At Newport (Verve) recorded live at the 1957 Newport Jazz Festival on 6 Jul 1957
- Dizzy Gillespie – Dizzy Atmosphere (Specialty)
- Julie London – Julie (Liberty)
- Charles Mingus – East Coastin’ (Bethlehem)
- Pete Seeger – American Favorite Ballads (Folkways)
- Santiago Durango born (Colombia) Colombian-American rock guitarist, lawyer. Founder member of Naked Raygun and Big Black.
- Thomas Fehlmann born (Zürich) Swiss electronic musician, producer, founder of Kompakt Records. Worked with Palais Schaumberg, the Orb and solo).
- Jazz by Sun Ra, Vol. 1 (Transition)
- Cecil Taylor – Jazz Advance (Transition)