1977

<1976 1978>

Jan

1

  • Roland Hayes (89) dies in Boston, MA
  • The Clash headline the official opening night of the Roxy club in London, after the venue opened with a one-off night on 14 Dec 1976

2

  • Erroll Garner (55) dies in Los Angeles following a heart attack

4

  • The Sex Pistols fly out of Heathrow Airport to play a 24 date European tour. Their behaviour is the final straw for EMI chairman Sir John Read

6

  • The Sex Pistols are dropped by EMI, keeping the £40,000 advance

8

  • Queen have the UK number one album for one week with A Day At The Races

15

  • Abba have the UK number one album for the first of ten weeks over two runs with Arrival
  • The Eagles have the Billboard number one album for the first of eight weeks over four runs with Hotel California

16

  • Tom Archia (57) dies in Houston, TX of cancer

18

  • Paul Nordoff (67) dies in Herdecke, Germany
  • John Cage’s Telephones and Birds for three performers premiered in New York

20

  • DJ Mehdi aka Mehdi Favéris-Essadi born (Hauts-de-Seine, France) French hip hop and electronic DJ, producer, turntablist. Worked with Ideal J, 113 and solo. Died 2011
  • Luciano Berio’s Il ritorno degli snovidenia for cello and 30 instruments premiered in Basel

22

  • Morton Feldman’s Elemental Procedures for soprano, chorus and orchestra premiered on WDR radio, Cologne
  • Wings have the Billboard number one album for one week with Wings Over America (only week)
  • Stevie Wonder has the Billboard number one single for one week with I Wish

23

  • Patti Smith falls off stage during a show in Tampa, FL sustaining a head injury that requires 22 stitches and a broken vertebrae

25

  • The Clash sign a six album deal with CBS Records

26

  • Former Fleetwood Mac guitarist Peter Green is committed to a mental hospital following an incident when he threatened his accountant, who was trying to deliver a royalty cheque, with an air rifle

29

  • Rose Royce have the Billboard number one single for one week with Car Wash

31

  • IRCAM (Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique), founded by Pierre Boulez, opens as part of the Pompidou Centre in Paris

releases

  • Buzzcocks – Spiral Scratch EP (New Hormones UK) Punk band formed in Manchester in 1976. Howard Devoto (vo) Pete Shelley (g) Steve Diggle (b) John Maher (d)
  • Thin Lizzy – Don’t Believe A Word / Old Flame (Vertigo UK)
  • Ultravox! – Dangerous Rhythm / My Sex (Island UK)
  • Bootsy’s Rubber Band – Ahh… The Name Is Bootsy, Baby! (Warner Bros)
  • David Bowie – Low (RCA UK)
  • Don Cherry (Horizon)
  • Emmylou Harris – Luxury Liner (Warner Bros)
  • Heptones – Party Time (Island UK)
  • Pink Floyd – Animals (Harvest UK)
  • The Ramones Leave Home (Sire)
  • Runaways – Queens of Noise (Mercury)

Pink Floyd – Animals (Harvest)

Feb

2

  • Shakira (Ripoll) born (Barranquilla, Colombia) Colombian pop singer, songwriter, dancer, record producer.
  • Hans Werner Henze’s Carillon, Récitatif, Masque for mandolin, guitar and harp premiered in London
  • Dmitri Shostakovich’s Two Fables by Krylov for voice and orchestra premiered in Tallinn

3

  • David Diamond’s A Secular Cantata for singers, chorus and orchestra premiered in New York

9

  • Buddy Johnson (62) dies in New York of a brain tumour

10

  • Grace Williams (68) dies in Barry, Glamorgan
  • The Clash begin recording their self-titled debut album at CBS studios in London

12

  • Ernst Mehlich (89) dies in São Paulo
  • Gunther Schuller’s Concerto for horn and orchestra no.2 premiered in Budapest
  • The Police record their first single Fall Out in London for Illegal Records. Sting aka Gordon Sumner (g, b) Henry Padovani (g) Stewart Copeland (d, g)

14

  • The B-52s play their first gig in Athens, GA
  • Einojuhani Rautavaara’s Music for Upright Piano and Amplified Cello premiered in Helsinki

15

  • Glen Matlock is fired by the  Sex Pistols and replaced as bass guitarist by Sid Vicious

16

  • Kurt Schwertsik’s Wiener Chronik 1848 op.28 for orchestra premiered in Cologne

17

  • Elliott Carter’s A Symphony of Three Orchestras premiered in New York
  • Peter Nichols and Denis King’s “play with songs” Privates on Parade opens in London (208 performances)

18

  • Howard Devoto quits the Buzzcocks
  • Fela Kuti’s Kalakuta compound attacked by 1000 armed Nigerian soldiers. His mother is among the dead after being thrown from a window

19

  • Manfred Mann’s Earth Band have the Billboard number one single for one week with Blinded by the Light
  • The 19th Grammy Awards are held in Los Angeles. George Benson wins best record with This Masquerade and Stevie Wonder wins best album with Songs in the Key of Life. Other winners include Norman Whitfield, Emmylou Harris, Chet Atkins & Les Paul, Count Basie, Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald, Linda Ronstadt and Chicago

21

  • Nolan Strong (43) dies in Detroit

22

  • Sofia Gubaidulina’s Dots, Lines and Zigzag for bass clarinet and piano premiered in Berlin

24

  • Wire play their first show supporting the Jam at the Roxy, London

25

  • Claude Debussy’s opera La chute de la maison Usher [the fall of the house of Usher] premiered in New Haven, CT, lib. Debussy (2 scenes only)
  • The Jam sign to Polydor Records

26

  • Bukka White (67) dies in Memphis, TN of cancer
  • The Eagles have the Billboard number one single for one week with New Kid in Town
  • György Ligeti’s Rondeau for actor and tape premiered in Stuttgart

27

  • Keith Richards is arrested in Toronto and charged with possession of heroin and cocaine

releases

  • Abba – Knowing Me Knowing You / Happy Hawaii (Epic UK)
  • David Bowie – Sound And Vision / A New Career In A New Town (RCA UK)
  • Damned – Neat Neat Neat / Stab Your Back (Stiff UK)
  • Roy Harper – One of Those Days in England / Watford Gap (Harvest UK)
  • Metro – Criminal World / Precious (Transatlantic UK)
  • Iggy Pop – Sister Midnight / Baby (RCA)
  • Space – Magic Fly / Ballad for Space Lovers (Vogue France)
  • Stranglers – Grip / London Lady (United Artists UK)
  • Talking Heads – Love Goes To Building On Fire / New Feeling (Sire)
  • Trammps – Disco Inferno / That’s Where The Happy People Go (Atlantic)
  • Peter Baumann – Romance 76 (Virgin UK)
  • Cheap Trick (Epic)
  • The Damned – Damned Damned Damned (Stiff UK)
  • Bryan Ferry – In Your Mind (Polydor UK)
  • Fleetwood Mac – Rumours (Warner Bros)
  • Peter Gabriel [1] (Charisma UK)
  • Roy Harper – Bullinamingvase (Harvest UK)
  • Jethro Tull – Songs From the Wood (Chrysalis)
  • Residents – Fingerprince (Ralph)
  • Michael Rother – Flammende Herzen (Sky Germany)
  • Saints – (I’m) Stranded (Harvest UK)
  • Television – Marquee Moon (Elektra)
  • Ultravox! (Island UK)

Television – Marquee Moon (Elektra)

Mar

1

  • Sara Lowndes files for divorce from Bob Dylan after 11 years of marriage

2

  • Chris Martin born (Exeter) English pop and rock singer, songwriter, guitarist. Member of Coldplay.

3

  • Ronan Keating born (Dublin) Irish pop singer, songwriter. Member of Boyzone and solo artist.
  • Leonid Bashmakov’s ballet Tumma premiered in Helsinki
  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Cuts and Dissolves for orchestra premiered in Paris

4

  • Jason Marsalis born (New Orleans, LA) American jazz drummer, vibraphonist. Son of Ellis Marsalis (b.1934), brother of Branford (b.1960), Wynton (b.1961) and Delfeayo (b.1965) Marsalis.
  • Kenneth Leighton’s Symphony No.2 premiered in Edinburgh
  • Roger Sessions’ Symphony No. 6 premiered in New York

6

  • Aram Khachaturian’s Sonata-Song for solo viola premiered in St Petersburg

9

  • Harrison Birtwistle’s Silbury Air for 15 players premiered in London

10

  • Torstein Lofthus born (Hardanger, Norway) Norwegian jazz, rock and experimental drummer, composer, teacher. Member of Shining.
  • William G. James (84) dies in Darlinghurst, NSW
  • The Sex Pistols sign to A & M outside Buckingham Palace in London

11

  • Ernst Krenek’s Dream Sequence for symphonic band premiered in College Park, MD
  • The Slits play their first gig at the Roxy in London supporting the Clash

12

  • Broadcaster Bob Harris is assaulted by Jah Wobble and John Lydon at the Speakeasy Club in London

13

  • Ernst Krenek’s Four Winds Suite for organ premiered in Düsseldorf
  • Toru Takemitsu’s Quatrain II for clarinet, violin, cello and piano premiered in Boston

14

  • Gyula Dávid (63) dies in Budapest

15

  • Gian Carlo Menotti’s Cantilena e Scherzo for harp and strings premiered in New York

16

  • A&M fire the Sex Pistols after just six days

17

  • John Adams’s Phrygian Gates and China Gates for piano premiered in San Francisco
  • Thea Musgrave’s ballet Orfeo premiered on BBC TV

18

  • Per Nørgård’s Twilight for orchestra premiered in Rotterdam

21

  • Alfred Schnittke’s Concerto grosso no.1 for two violins, harpsichord, prepared piano and strings premiered in St Petersburg
  • Sid Vicious makes his live debut as a member of the Sex Pistols at a gig at Notre Dame Halls in London

23

  • Bennie Green (53) dies in San Diego, CA of cancer
  • Peter Maxwell Davies’ A Mirror of Whitening Light for 14 players premiered in London

24

  • Saburō Moroi (73) dies in Tokyo

26

  • Seth Lakeman born (Yelverton, Devon) English folk and rock singer, songwriter, guitarist, violinist.
  • Madeleine Dring (53) dies in London of a cerebral haemorrhage
  • Daryl Hall and John Oates have the Billboard number one single for one week with Rich Girl

28

  • Waldo de los Ríos (43) commits suicide in Madrid
  • Jerry Goldsmith’s music for Richard Donner’s film The Omen wins the best original score Oscar at the 49th Academy Awards

29

  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Hölderlin-Fragmente for voice and piano premiered in Paris

30

  • Levko Revutsky (88) dies in Kiev

releases

  • Clash – White Riot / 1977 (CBS UK)
  • Elvis Costello – Less Than Zero / Radio Sweetheart (Stiff UK)
  • Devo – Mongoloid / Jocko Homo (Booji Boy)
  • Eater – Outside View / You (The Label UK)
  • Peter Gabriel – Solsbury Hill / Moribund The Burgemeister (Charisma UK)
  • Jacksons – Show You the Way to Go / Blues Away (Epic)
  • Graham Parker – The Pink Parker EP (Vertigo UK)
  • Ramones – Swallow My Pride / Pinhead (Sire)
  • Stevie Wonder – Sir Duke / He’s Misstra Know-It-All (Tamla)
  • AC/DC – Let There Be Rock (Albert Australia)
  • Ashra – New Age of Earth (Virgin UK)
  • Can – Saw Delight (Virgin)
  • Foreigner (Atlantic)
  • Kraftwerk – Trans Europa Express (Kling Klang Germany)
  • Nils Lofgren – I Came to Dance (A&M)
  • Iggy Pop – The Idiot (RCA)

Devo

Apr

1

  • Isang Yun’s Königliches Thema for violin premiered in Düsseldorf

2

  • Abba have the UK number one single for the first of five weeks with Knowing Me, Knowing You
  • Fleetwood Mac have the Billboard number one album for the first of 31 weeks over four runs with Rumours

3

  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Lichtzwang for violin and orchestra & String Quartet no.3 Im Innersten premiered in Royan, France

4

  • Julius Watkins (55) dies in Detroit
  • Henryk Górecki’s Symphony no.3 “Symphony of Sorrowful Songs” for soprano and orchestra premiered in Royan, France

5

  • Sofia Gubaidulina’s Misterioso for seven percussionists premiered in Moscow

8

  • The Damned do a show at CBGB in New York, the first UK Punk group to play in the US

9

  • Gerard Way born (Summit, NJ) American rock singer, songwriter, comic book writer. Member of My Chemical Romance from 2001 to 2013.
  • Abba have the Billboard number one single for one week with Dancing Queen

17

  • Cy Coleman and Michael Stewart’s musical I Love My Wife opens on Broadway (857 performances)
  • Luigi Nono’s …sofferte onde serene… for piano and tape premiered in Milan

19

  • Kalevi Aho’s Symphony No.5 premiered in Helsinki

21

  • Charles Strouse, Martin Charnin and Thomas Meehan’s musical Annie opens on Broadway (2377 performances)

22

  • John Tavener’s Canticle of the Mother of God for soprano and chorus premiered in Rye, Sussex

23

  • Alan Hovhaness’s Symphonies No.27 & No.28 premiered in Los Angeles
  • Thelma Houston has the Billboard number one single for one week with Don’t Leave Me This Way

24

  • Wolfgang Fortner’s opera That Time, lib. Fortner after Becket, premiered in Baden-Baden

25

  • Peter Maxwell Davies’s Fiftieth Birthday Greeting for Ernst Widner for flute, clarinet, keyboards, percussion, violin and cello premiered in Salvador, Brazil
  • Jean-Claude Risset’s Inharmonique for soprano and tape premiered in Paris

26

  • The New York disco Studio 54 opens

27

  • Krzysztof Penderecki’s Violin Concerto no.1 premiered in Basel

28

  • Lejaren Hiller’s Sonata no.1 for violin and piano premiered in Buffalo

29

  • Lukas Foss’s Quartet Plus for two string quartets, speaker and video premiered in Brooklyn, NY
  • Wolfgang Rihm’s opera Faust und Yorick premiered in Mannheim, lib. Frithjof Haas

releases

  • Adverts – One Chord Wonders / Quickstep (Stiff UK)
  • Blondie – In The Flesh / Man Overboard (Private Stock)
  • Boys – I Don’t Care / Soda Pressing (NEMS UK)
  • Desperate Bicycles – Smokescreen / Handlebars (Refill UK)
  • Eddie & The Hot Rods – I Might Be Lying / Ignore Them (Island UK)
  • Fleetwood Mac – Dreams / Songbird (Warner Bros)
  • Jam – In The City / Takin’ My Love (Polydor UK)
  • Kraftwerk – Trans Europe Express / Europe Endless (Capitol UK)
  • Television – Marquee Moon / mono version (Elektra UK)
  • The Clash (CBS UK)
  • Ornette Coleman – Dancing In Your Head (A&M / Horizon)
  • Peter Hammill – Over (Charisma UK)
  • Herbie Hancock – VSOP (Columbia) recorded live in New York on 29 Jun 1976
  • Van Morrison – A Period of Transition (Warner Bros)
  • Klaus Schulze – Mirage (Brain Germany)
  • Stranglers – Rattus Norvegicus (United Artists UK)
  • Supertramp – Even in the Quietest Moments… (A&M)
  • Peter Tosh – Equal Rights (Virgin UK)

Henryk Górecki 1933-2011

May

1

  • Arvo Pärt’s Cantus in memoriam Benjamin Britten for strings and bell premiered in Tallinn
  • The first night of the White Riot Tour takes place at the Roxy, London, featuring The Clash, The Jam and The Buzzcocks

3

  • Benjamin Britten’s Lachrymae for viola and strings premiered in Recklinghausen, Germany
  • Isang Yun’s Duo for viola and piano premiered in Rome

5

  • Sam Lanin (85) dies in Hollywood, FL
  • George Crumb’s Star Child for soprano, choir, bell ringers and orchestra premiered in New York
  • Jean-Claude Éloy’s Fluctuante-Immuable [Fluctuating-Immutable] for large orchestra premiered in Paris

6

  • Joseph Hislop (93) dies in Lundin Links, Fife
  • The Boomtown Rats play their first UK show at Studio 1 in London

7

  • The Eagles have the Billboard number one single for one week with Hotel California

8

  • Joe Bonamassa born (New Hartford, NY) American blues and rock guitarist, singer, songwriter.

9

  • Walter Kraft (71) dies in a fire at the Hotel Poland, Amsterdam along with 32 other people

10

  • Adam & the Ants play their first show, a lunchtime gig at the ICA in London. They are asked to leave after one song

11

  • Joaquín Rodrigo’s Sonata a la breve for cello and piano premiered in Barcelona

12

  • Wu Fei born (Beijing) Chinese composer, guzheng player, pianist, singer.
  • The Sex Pistols sign to Virgin Records

13

  • Frederick Delius’s The Petite Suite d’Orchestre premiered in Stratford-Upon-Avon
  • Morton Feldman’s opera Neither premiered in Rome, lib. Samuel Beckett

15

  • Procol Harum play their final show in New York

16

  • Emilíana Torrini born (Kópavogur, Iceland) Icelandic-Italian pop singer, songwriter. Member of Gus Gus and solo artist.

19

  • The Jam are the first punk group to make a Top of the Pops appearance, playing their debut single In the City

21

  • Rod Stewart has the UK number one single for the first of four weeks with I Don’t Want To Talk About It / First Cut Is The Deepest
  • Stevie Wonder has the Billboard number one single for the first of three weeks with Sir Duke

22

  • Hampton Hawes (48) dies in Los Angeles of a brain haemorrhage
  • Karlheinz Stockhausen’s Atmen gibt das Leben for chorus and orchestra or tape premiered in Nice

23

  • The Fall play their first show at the North West Arts centre in Manchester
  • Japan sign to Hansa Records

25

  • Hans Werner Henze’s String Quartet no.4 & String Quartet no.5 premiered in Schwetzingen

26

  • William Powell (35) dies in Canton, OH of colon cancer

27

  • Elvis Costello plays his first show under that name at the Nashville Rooms, London
  • Tom Waits is arrested in Los Angeles for causing a public disturbance. He sues the LAPD for false arrest and is eventually awarded $7500 damages in 1982

28

  • Bruce Springsteen and former manager Mike Appel reach an out-of-court settlement

29

  • Goddard Lieberson (66) dies in New York of cancer
  • Joy Division (as Warsaw) make their live debut, supporting the Buzzcocks at the Electric Circus, Manchester

30

  • Paul Desmond (52) dies in New York of lung cancer

31

  • Bob Gill, Robert Rabinowitz and Lynda Obst’s musical Beatlemania opens on Broadway with music by the Beatles (1006 performances)

releases

  • Jackson Browne – The Pretender / Daddy’s Tune (Asylum)
  • Commodores – Easy / Can’t Let You Tease Me (Motown)
  • Elvis Costello – Alison / Welcome To The Working Week (Stiff UK)
  • Genesis – Spot the Pigeon EP (Charisma)
  • Heartbreakers – Chinese Rocks / Born To Lose (Track UK)
  • Gladys Knight & The Pips – Baby, Don’t Change Your Mind / I Love to Feel That Feeling (Buddah)
  • Metal Urbain – Panik / Lady Coca Cola (Cobra France)
  • Tom Petty & The Heartbreakers – American Girl / Fooled Again (Shelter)
  • Police – Fall Out / Nothing Achieving (Illegal UK)
  • Queen – Queen’s First EP (EMI)
  • Saints – Erotic Neurotic / One Way Street (Harvest UK)
  • Sex Pistols – God Save The Queen / Did You No Wrong (Virgin UK)
  • Ultravox! – Young Savage / Slipaway (Island UK)
  • The Beatles at the Hollywood Bowl (Parlophone UK) recorded live at the Hollywood Bowl, Los Angeles on 23 Aug 1964 and 29 & 30 Aug 1965
  • Culture – Two Sevens Clash (Joe Gibbs Jamaica)
  • Sandy Denny – Rendezvous (Island UK)
  • Dr Feelgood – Sneakin’ Suspicion (United Artists)
  • Jam – In the City (Polydor UK)
  • Junior Murvin – Police and Thieves (Island UK)
  • Parliament – Live: P-Funk Earth Tour (Casablanca) recorded live in Los Angeles & Oakland on 19 & 21 Jan 1977 respectively
  • UFO – Lights Out (Chrysalis)

Culture – Two Sevens Clash (Joe Gibbs)

Jun

1

  • Colin Matthews’s Five Sonnets to Orpheus premiered in London

5

  • Sleepy John Estes (78) dies in Brownsville, TN following a stroke

6

  • The Sex Pistols’ Jubilee boat trip party takes place on the Thames in London. Arrests were made for public order offences when the boat docked
  • John Tavener’s opera A Gentle Spirit, lib. McLarnon after Dostoyevsky, premiered in Bath

7

  • John Gardner’s English Dance Suite for military band premiered in London

8

  • Kanye West born (Atlanta, GA) American rapper, producer, songwriter.
  • Hans-Jürgen von Bose’s opera Blutbund [blood bond], lib. Ramón del Valle-Inclán translated by Walter Boehlich, premiered in Hamburg

9

  • Isang Yun’s cantata Der weise Mann [the wise man] premiered in Berlin

12

  • Blas Galindo’s Concerto for Electric Guitar premiered in Mexico City
  • The Supremes perform for the last time together at Drury Lane Theatre in London before officially disbanding

16

  • Lejaren Hiller’s Electronic Sonata for tape premiered in Buffalo
  • Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji’s Piano Sonata No.3 premiered in London

17

  • Iannis Xenakis’s Akanthos for soprano and 8 instruments & Dmaathen for oboe and percussion premiered in Strasbourg

18

  • The Beatles have the UK number one album for one week with The Beatles At The Hollywood Bowl
  • Peter Maxwell Davies’s opera The Martyrdom of St. Magnus, lib. Maxwell Davies after Mackay Brown, premiered in Kirkwall, Orkney
  • Fleetwood Mac have the Billboard number one single for one week with Dreams (only week)
  • Chris Frantz and Tina Weymouth of Talking Heads marry
  • John Lydon is attacked outside the recording studio in north London where he is working by a gang of right wing thugs. He is stabbed in the face and has two tendons in his left arm severed
  • Kenny Rogers has the UK number one single for one week with Lucille

19

  • Paul Cook is attacked outside Shepherd’s Bush tube by a gang of Teddy Boys. He is taken to hospital where he requires 15 stitches to a head wound

20

  • Grateful Dead drummer Mickey Hart drives his car over the edge of a canyon but survives with only multiple fractures when a tree breaks his fall

21

  • Martin Scorsese’s musical drama film New York, New York opens starring Liza Minnelli and Robert de Niro. Music by John Kander and Fred Ebb

22

  • Peter Laughner (24) dies in Bay Village, OH of acute pancreatitis
  • Nino Rota’s opera Napoli milionaria [Naples Millionaire] premiered in Spoleto, lib. E. De Fillippo

25

  • Endre Szervánszky (65) dies in Budapest
  • Harrison Birtwistle’s ballet Pulse Field premiered in Snape
  • Marvin Gaye has the Billboard number one single for one week with Got to Give It Up
  • The Jacksons have the UK number one single for one week with Show You The Way To Go
  • William Walton’s Prelude for orchestra premiered in London

26

  • Petko Staynov (80) dies in Sofia
  • Elvis Presley plays his last live show at the Market Square Arena, Indianapolis

28

  • Iannis Xenakis’s Kottos for cello premiered in La Rochelle

releases

  • David Bowie – Be My Wife / Speed Of Life (RCA UK)
  • Brothers Johnson – Strawberry Letter 23 / Dancin’ & Prancin’ (A&M)
  • Eater – Thinkin’ Of The USA / Space Dreamin’ / Michael’s Monetary System (The Label UK)
  • Bob Marley & The Wailers – Exodus / dub (Island UK)
  • Mink DeVille – Spanish Stroll / Gunslinger (Capitol UK)
  • Modern Lovers – Roadrunner Once / Roadrunner Twice (Beserkley)
  • Motorhead – Motorhead / City Kids (Chiswick UK)
  • Ram Jam – Black Betty / I Should Have Known (Epic)
  • Ramones – Sheena Is A Punk Rocker / I Don’t Care (Sire)
  • Dictators – Manifest Destiny (Asylum)
  • Hawkwind – Quark Strangeness and Charm (Charisma UK)
  • Bob Marley & The Wailers – Exodus (Island UK)
  • Donna Summer – I Remember Yesterday (Casablanca)
  • Urban Sax (Cobra France)
  • Vibrators – Pure Mania (Epic UK)
  • Steve Winwood (Island)
  • Neil Young – American Stars ‘n Bars (Reprise)
  • Various Artists – Live at the Roxy (Harvest UK) Various acts recorded live during 1977 at the Roxy, London, including Buzzcocks, Wire, the Adverts, X-Ray Spex and Eater

Motorhead

Jul

2

  • Anthony Payne’s The Sea of Glass for choir and organ premiered in St Albans, Herts

3

  • Hugh Le Caine (63) dies in Ottawa as the result of injuries sustained in a motorcycle accident a year earlier
  • Pierre Boulez’s Messagesquisse for cellos premiered in La Rochelle

4

  • Orri Páll Dýrason born (Reykjavik) Icelandic rock drummer. Member of Sigur Rós
  • Gary Valentine quits Blondie
  • George Lloyd’s Symphony no.8 premiered in Manchester

5

  • Harrison Birtwistle’s opera Bow Down, lib. Harrison, premiered in London

6

  • Ödön Pártos (69) dies in Tel Aviv

7

  • Michael Tippett’s opera The Ice Break premiered in London, lib. Tippett

11

  • Benjamin Britten’s Welcome Ode for choir and orchestra premiered in Ipswich
  • The Vortex club opens in London. Siouxise and the Banshees, Adam and the Ants, the Slits and Sham 69 play the opening night

14

  • Elvis Costello and the Attractions play their first show together supporting the Electric Chairs in London
  • The Sex Pistols make their debut appearance on Top of the Pops, miming Pretty Vacant

17

  • Witold Małcużyński (62) dies in Palma de Mallorca, Spain

22

  • Marco Benevento born (Livingston, NJ) American avant garde and jazz composer, pianist, organist

23

  • Donna Summer has the UK number one single for the first of four weeks with I Feel Love

24

  • Led Zeppelin play their final US Show in Oakland, CA

27

  • Milt Buckner (62) dies in Chicago
  • Karlheinz Stockhausen’s Tierdreis no.41 2/3 for one voice and one instrument premiered in Aix-en-Provence

29

  • Danger Mouse aka Brian Burton born (White Plains, NY) American producer, musician, songwriter. Member of Gnarls Barkley and solo artist.

30

  • Isang Yun’s Concerto for flute and orchestra premiered in Hitzacker, Germany

31

  • Morton Feldman’s Instruments III for wind duo and percussion premiered in London

releases

  • Elvis Costello – Red Shoes / Mystery Dance (Stiff UK)
  • Desperate Bicycles – The Medium Was Tedium / Don’t Back the Front (Refill UK)
  • Eddie & The Hot Rods – Do Anything You Wanna Do / Schoolgirl Love (Island UK)
  • Electric Chairs – Electric Chairs EP (Illegal UK)
  • Jam – All Around The World / Carnaby Street (Polydor UK)
  • Only Ones – Lovers Of Today / Peter & The Pets (Vengeance UK)
  • Philadelphia International All Stars – Let’s Clean Up The Ghetto / instrumental (Philadelphia International) One-off group featuring O’Jays, Billy Paul, Archie Bell, Lou Rawls, Dee Dee Sharp Gamble and Teddy Pendergrass.
  • Saints – This Perfect Day / Lies (Harvest UK)
  • Sex Pistols – Pretty Vacant / No Fun (Virgin UK)
  • Candi Staton – Nights on Broadway / You Are (Warner Bros UK)
  • Stranglers – Something Better Change / Straighten Out (United Artists UK)
  • Donna Summer – I Feel Love / Can’t We Just Sit Down (Casablanca)
  • Television – Prove It / Venus (Elektra UK)
  • Thin Lizzy – Dancing In The Moonlight / Bad Reputation (Vertigo UK)
  • Be Bop Deluxe – Live! In the Air Age (Harvest UK) recorded live across the UK during 1977
  • Elvis Costello – My Aim Is True (Stiff UK)
  • Grateful Dead – Terrapin Station (Arista)
  • Radio Birdman – Radios Appear (Trafalgar Australia)
  • Tangerine Dream – Sorcerer (MCA UK) Soundtrack to William Friedkin’s 1977 remake of Georges Clouzot’s Wages of Fear

Radio Birdman

Aug

3

  • Karlheinz Stockhausen’s Der kleine Harlekin no.42 1/2 for clarinet premiered in Aix-en-Provence

5

  • (& 6th) The second Mont de Marsan Punk Festival takes place outside of Bordeaux. Acts appearing include the Clash, the Damned and the Police

6

  • Karlheinz Stockhausen’s In Freundschaft no.46 for flute (or various other solo instruments) premiered in Aix-en-Provence

8

  • Alasdair Roberts born (Swabia, Germany) Scottish folk singer, songwriter, guitarist. Member of Appendix Out and solo artist.
  • Karlheinz Stockhausen’s Sirius no.43 for soprano, bass, trumpet, bass clarinet and electronics premiered in Aix-en-Provence

10

  • Hans Werner Henze’s Violin Sonata premiered in Montepulciano
  • XTC sign to Virgin Records

13

  • Yes have the UK number one album for the first of two weeks with Going For The One

16

  • Tamer Hosny born (Cairo) Egyptian singer, songwriter, actor.
  • Elvis Presley (42) dies in Memphis following a heart attack brought upon by chronic prescription drug use
  • The Buzzcocks sign to United Artists
  • Peter Sculthorpe’s Port Essington for strings premiered in Brisbane

17

  • Tarja Turunen born (Kitee, Finland) Finnish rock and classical crossover soprano singer, pianist, songwriter, composer. Member of Nightwish from 1996 to 2005 and solo artist.

18

  • Régine Chassagne born (st-Lambert, Quebec) Canadian rock singer, multi-instrumentalist. Member of Arcade Fire.
  • Peter Maxwell Davies’s Our Father Whiche in Heaven Art for sextet premiered in Dartington, Devon
  • Elvis Presley’s funeral takes place in Memphis, TN
  • Grand Wizard Theodore legendarily invents scratching during a set at the Sparkle club, New York using a copy of the Incredible Bongo Band’s single Bongo Rock

19

  • The Skids play their first gig at the Bellville Hotel, Dunfermline, Fife

20

  • The Voyager 2 space probe is launched from Cape Canaveral, FL. The unmanned craft is designed to visit the outer planets before continuing on into deep space. Among its payload is a golden record that contains recordings speech, photos, maps and drawings as well as 90 minutes of music by the likes of JS Bach, Beethoven, Mozart, Chuck Berry, Louis Armstrong and various indigenous folk artists from around the world

23

  • Einojuhani Rautavaara’s Concerto for Violin and Orchestra premiered in Helsinki

27

  • John Cage’s Quartets I-VIII for 41 instruments premiered in Aptos, CA

releases

  • Adverts – Gary Gilmour’s Eyes / Bored Teenagers (Anchor UK)
  • Bob Marley & The Wailers – Waiting In Vain / Roots (Island UK)
  • Pere Ubu – The Modern Dance / Heaven (Hearthen)
  • Stevie Wonder – Another Star / Creepin’ (Tamla)
  • Wreckless Eric – Whole Wide World / Semaphore Signals (Stiff UK)
  • Neil Young – Like a Hurricane / Hold Back the Tears (Reprise)
  • Burning Spear – Dry & Heavy (Island UK)
  • Cluster & Eno (Sky Germany)
  • Iggy Pop – Lust for Life (RCA)
  • Jonathan Richman & the Modern Lovers – Rock ‘N’ Roll With the Modern Lovers (Beserkley)
  • Dennis Wilson – Pacific Ocean Blue (Caribou)

The Adverts

Sep

1

  • Ethel Waters (80) dies in Los Angeles of heart disease

2

  • Elitsa Todorova born (Varna, Bulgaria) Bulgarian folk singer, percussionist.

3

  • Elvis Presley has the UK number one single for the first of five weeks with Way Down

5

  • George Barnes (56) dies in Concord, CA following a heart attack
  • The Voyager 1 space probe is launched from Cape Canaveral, FL. It also contained a copy of the golden disc sent with Voyager 2 (see Aug 20)

6

  • Paul Burkhard (65) dies in Zell, Switzerland
  • Thea Musgrave’s opera Mary, Queen of Scots, lib. Musgrave, premiered in Edinburgh
  • Aulis Sallinen’s Cello Concerto premiered in Lucerne

10

  • John Cage’s Inlets (Improvisation II) for conch shells premiered in Seattle

11

  • Jonny Buckland born (London) English rock guitarist, multi-instrumentalist. Member of Coldplay.
  • Ludacris aka Christopher Bridges born (Champaign, IL) American rapper, actor.

12

  • Isidore Godfrey (76) dies in London

13

  • Fiona Apple McAfee Maggart born (New York) American pop singer, songwriter, pianist.
  • Leopold Stokowski (95) dies in Nether Wallop, Hampshire
  • Einojuhani Rautavaara’s Annunciations premiered in Stockholm

16

  • Marc Bolan (29) dies in a car crash in London
  • Maria Callas (53) dies in Paris following a heart attack
  • The Ruts play their first gig at the Target club in Hayes

17

  • Hans Werner Henze’s Aria de la folia española for chamber orchestra premiered in St. Paul, MN

19

  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Nachtordnung for strings premiered in Berlin

21

  • Kurt Adler (70) dies in Butler, NJ of uraemia

26

  • Isang Yun’s Double Concerto for oboe, harp and chamber orchestra premiered in Berlin

28

  • David Blake’s opera Toussaint, lib. Blake, premiered in London

29

  • Alexander Tcherepnin (78) dies in Paris

30

  • Mary Ford (53) dies in Arcadia, CA from complications caused by diabetes
  • Arvo Pärt’s Tabula rasa, a double concerto for two violins, strings and prepared piano premiered in Tallinn
  • Harold Prince’s musical film A Little Night Music opens starring Elizabeth Taylor and Diana Rigg. Music by Stephen Sondheim and Jonathan Tunick

releases

  • Bee Gees – How Deep Is Your Love / Can’t Keep a Good Man Down (RSO)
  • David Bowie – Heroes / V2 Schneider (RCA UK)
  • John Cale – Animal Justice EP (Illegal UK)
  • Clash – Complete Control / City Of The Dead (CBS UK)
  • Dils – I Hate The Rich / You’re Not Blank (What)
  • Ian Dury – Sex & Drugs & Rock & Roll / Razzle In My Pocket (Stiff UK)
  • Richard Hell & The Voidoids – Blank Generation / Love Comes In Spurts (Sire)
  • Jonathan Richman & The Modern Lovers – Egyptian Reggae / Roller Coaster by the Sea (Beserkley UK)
  • Stranglers – No More Heroes / In the Shadows (United Artists UK)
  • Bill Withers – Lovely Day / It Ain’t Because of Me, Baby (Columbia)
  • Boomtown Rats (Ensign UK)
  • The Boys (NEMS UK)
  • Cheap Trick – In Color (Epic)
  • Ian Dury – New Boots and Panties!! (Stiff UK)
  • Richard Hell & The Voidoids – Blank Generation (Sire)
  • Billy Joel – The Stranger (Columbia)
  • Motörhead (Chiswick UK)
  • Rush – A Farewell to Kings (Anthem Canada)
  • Steely Dan – Aja (MCA)
  • Stranglers – No More Heroes (United Artists UK)
  • Talking Heads: 77 (Sire)
  • Thin Lizzy – Bad Reputation (Vertigo UK)
  • Van Der Graaf – The Quiet Zone / The Pleasure Dome (Charisma UK)
  • Tom Waits – Foreign Affairs (Asylum)

Throbbing Gristle

Oct

1

  • Henri Pousseur’s Liège à Paris for tape premiered in Paris

3

  • The Stiff Live Stiffs tour kicks off in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire with Elvis Costello, Ian Dury, Nick Lowe, Wreckless Eric and Larry Wallis

5

  • The manager of the Virgin Record store in Nottingham is arrested for displaying a copy of the Sex Pistols’ Never Mind the Bollocks in the window

6

  • Lejaren Hiller’s String Quartet no.1 premiered in Buffalo
  • Giacomo Manzoni’s Masses: a tribute to Edgard Varese for piano and orchestra premiered in Berlin
  • Michael Tippett’s Symphony No. 4 premiered in Chicago

8

  • Alfred Schnittke’s Requiem for chorus, organ, piano, electric bass, electric guitar, brass, percussion and celesta premiered in Budapest

10

  • Karlheinz Stockhausen’s Jubiläum no.45 for orchestra premiered in Hanover

11

  • Leonard Bernstein’s Three Meditations from Mass for cello and orchestra; Songfest for six solo voices and orchestra & the overture Slava premiered in Washington, DC

13

  • Justin Peroff born (Markham, Ontario) Canadian rock drummer. Member of Broken Social Scene.
  • Mauricio Kagel’s An Tasten, an etude for piano premiered in Graz

14

  • Bing Crosby (73) dies in La Moraleja, Alcobendas, Spain following a heart attack

15

  • Peter Maxwell Davies’s Westerlings for chorus premiered in London
  • Lejaren Hiller’s Persiflage for flute, oboe and percussion premiered in Buffalo

16

  • Luciano Berio’s Coro for 40 voices and instruments premiered in Graz
  • Krzysztof Penderecki’s De profundis for chorus and orchestra premiered in Graz

17

  • Nicole Cabell born (Panorama City, CA) American soprano singer.

20

  • Steve Gaines (28), Cassie Gaines (29) and Ronnie Van Zandt (29) of Lynyrd Skynyrd die in a plane crash near Gillsburg, MS. Other band members suffer injuries

23

  • William Bolcom’s First Piano Quartet premiered in New York

25

  • Yehonathan Gatro born (Tel Aviv) Israeli pop singer, actor.

27

  • Pierre Henry’s Métamorphoses “a grand audio-visual spectacle for lasers, tape, organ and voices” premiered in Lille
  • Siegfried Matthus’s Responso for orchestra premiered in Dresden

29

  • John Kander, Fred Ebb and George Furth’s musical The Act opens on Broadway starring Liza Minnelli (233 performances)

31

  • Eva Taylor (82) dies in Mineola, NY of cancer

releases

  • Abba – The Name Of The Game / I Wonder (Epic UK)
  • Adverts – Safety In Numbers / We Who Wait (Anchor UK)
  • Buzzcocks – Orgasm Addict / Whatever Happened To? (United Artists UK)
  • Chic – Dance Dance Dance / Sao Paulo (Atlantic)
  • John Cooper Clarke – Innocents EP (Rabid UK)
  • Elvis Costello – Watching The Detectives / Blame It On Cain (Stiff UK)
  • Fleetwood Mac – You Make Loving Fun / Gold Dust Woman (Warner Bros)
  • Jam – The Modern World / Sweet Soul Music / Back In My Arms Again / Bricks & Mortar (Polydor UK)
  • 999 – Nasty Nasty / No Pity (United Artists UK)
  • Odyssey – Native New Yorker / Ever Lovin’ Sam (RCA)
  • Iggy Pop – Success / The Passenger (RCA UK)
  • Queen – We Are the Champions / We Will Rock You (EMI)
  • Tom Robinson Band – 2468 Motorway / I Shall Be Released (EMI UK)
  • Sex Pistols – Holidays In The Sun / Satellite (Virgin UK)
  • Swell Maps – Read About Seymour / Ripped & Torn / Black Velvet (Rather UK)
  • Talking Heads – Uh-oh Love Comes To Town / I Wish You Wouldn’t Say That (Sire)
  • Ultravox! – Rokwrok / Hiroshima Mon Amour (Island UK)
  • Stevie Wonder – As / Confusion (Tamla)
  • X-Ray Spex – Oh, Bondage! Up Yours! / I Am a Cliché (Virgin UK)
  • XTC – Science Friction / She’s So Square (Virgin UK)
  • Blondie – Plastic Letters (Chrysalis)
  • David Bowie – Heroes (RCA UK)
  • Dead Boys – Young Loud and Snotty (Sire)
  • Dr Feelgood – Be Seeing You (United Artists)
  • Electric Light Orchestra – Out of the Blue (Jet UK)
  • Genesis – Seconds Out (Charisma) recorded live in Paris between 11 & 14 Jun 1977
  • Philip Glass – North Star (Virgin UK)
  • Heartbreakers – LAMF (Track UK)
  • Meat Loaf – Bat Out of Hell (Epic)
  • MX-80 Sound – Hard Attack (Island UK)
  • Randy Newman – Little Criminals (Warner Bros)
  • Graham Parker and the Rumour – Stick To Me (Mercury UK)
  • Iggy Pop & James Williamson – Kill City (Bomp) recorded 1973-75
  • Queen – News of the World (EMI)
  • Never Mind the Bollocks, Here’s the Sex Pistols (Virgin UK)
  • Donna Summer – Once Upon a Time (Casablanca)
  • Ultravox! – Ha! Ha! Ha! (Island UK)

David Bowie – Heroes (RCA)

Nov

5

  • Abba have the UK number one single for the first of four weeks with Name Of The Game

6

  • Peter Maxwell Davies’ Runes from a Holy Island for alto flute, clarinet, celesta, percussion, viola and cello premiered in Edinburgh

9

  • John McGuire’s Pulse Music I for electronics premiered in Cologne

12

  • The Sex Pistols have the UK number one album for the first of two weeks with Never Mind The Bollocks Here’s The Sex Pistols

14

  • Richard Addinsell (73) dies in Brighton

19

  • Sonny Criss (50) commits suicide in Los Angeles after contracting stomach cancer
  • Iannis Xenakis’s A Colone for choir and orchestra premiered in Metz

20

  • Adem Ilhan born (London) English rock, folk and electronic singer, guitarist, songwriter, bass guitarist. Member of Fridge and solo artist.
  • Frederick Delius’s opera The Magic Fountain premiered on BBC radio in London, lib. Delius
  • William Walton’s Antiphon for chorus and organ premiered in Rochester, NY

21

  • John Cage’s 49 Waltzes for the Five Boroughs premiered in Evanston, IL

22

  • Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji’s Gulistān & St Bertrand de Comminges both for piano premiered in London

24

  • Elisabeth Lutyens’s opera Like a Window premiered on BBC radio, lib. Lutyens after Vincent Van Gogh’s letters

30

  • Toru Takemitsu’s A Flock Descends into the Pentagonal Garden for orchestra premiered in San Francisco
  • John Tavener’s Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom for chorus premiered in London

releases

  • Blondie – Rip Her To Shreds // In The Flesh / X-Offender (Chrysalis)
  • Ian Dury – Sweet Gene Vincent / You’re More Than Fair (Stiff UK)
  • Electric Chairs – Fuck Off / On the Crest (Safari UK)
  • Bob Marley & The Wailers – Jamming / Punky Reggae Party (Island UK)
  • Mink Deville – Cadillac Walk / Can’t Do Without It (Capitol)
  • Parliament – Flash Light / Swing Down Sweet Chariot (Casablanca)
  • Penetration – Don’t Dictate / Money Talks (Virgin UK)
  • Ramones – Rockaway Beach / Locket Love (Sire)
  • Steely Dan – Peg / I Got The News (ABC)
  • Wings – Mull of Kintyre / Girls’ School (Parlophone)
  • Wire – Mannequin // 12XU / Feeling Called Love (Harvest UK)
  • Tim Blake – Crystal Machine (Egg France)
  • Blue Öyster Cult – Spectres (Columbia)
  • Jacques Brel – Brel aka Les Marquises (Barclay France)
  • Chic (Atlantic)
  • Leonard Cohen – Death of a Ladies’ Man (Columbia)
  • Eddie & The Hot Rods – Life on the Line (Island UK)
  • Jam – This Is the Modern World (Polydor UK)
  • John Martyn – One World (Island UK)
  • Curtis Mayfield – Short Eyes (Curtom) Soundtrack to Robert Young’s 1977 film
  • Parliament – Funkentelechy vs. the Placebo Syndrome (Casablanca)
  • Ramones – Rocket To Russia (Sire)
  • Tangerine Dream – Encore (Virgin UK) recorded live during Mar & Apr 1977 on the band’s US tour
  • Throbbing Gristle – The Second Annual Report (Industrial)
  • Saturday Night Fever OST (RSO)  Soundtrack to John Badham’s film

Chic

Dec

1

  • Lejaren Hiller’s Ponteach for narrator and piano premiered in Buffalo

3

  • Wings have the UK number one single for the first of nine weeks with Mull Of Kintyre / Girl’s School

5

  • Rahsaan Roland Kirk (42) dies in Bloomington, IN following a stroke

6

  • John Corigliano’s Clarinet concerto premiered in New York
  • Einar Englund’s Symphony no.5 premiered in Helsinki
  • Pierre Henry’s Dieu “action de voix et de gestes d’après Victor Hugo” premiered in Lille

8

  • Leonid Bashmakov’s Symphony No. 4 premiered in Helsinki

9

  • John Cage’s Quartets I-VIII for up to 96 instruments premiered in Bonn

11

  • Zygmunt Krauze’s Suite de dances et de chansons for harpsichord and orchestra premiered in Vienna

12

  • Gavin Bryars’s Out of Zaleski’s Gazebo for two pianos, six or eight hands premiered in Louvain, Belgium
  • Sofia Gubaidulina’s Ten Etudes for cello premiered in Moscow

14

  • Galina Ustvolskaya’s Grand Duet for piano and cello; Composition No. 2 “Dies Irae” for eight double basses, wooden cube and piano & Composition No. 3 “Benedictus, Qui Venit” for four flutes, four bassoons and piano premiered in St Petersburg
  • John Badham’s film Saturday Night Fever opens starring John Travolta. Music by The Bee Gees and David Shire

15

  • Lasse Hallström’s musical film ABBA: The Movie opens starring Abba, Robert Hughes and Tom Oliver

21

  • Iannis Xenakis’s Jonchaies for orchestra premiered in Paris

22

  • Johann Nepomuk David (82) dies in Stuttgart
  • Fritz Werner (79) dies in Heilbronn, Germany

23

  • Cat Stevens formally converts to Islam. He takes the name Yusuf Islam in 1978

24

  • The Bee Gees have the Billboard number one single for the first of three weeks with How Deep Is Your Love

30

  • Jimmy Oden (74) dies in Chicago of pneumonia

releases

  • Alternative TV – How Much Longer / You Bastard (Deptford Fun City)
  • Althea & Donna – Uptown Top Ranking / Calico Suit (Lightning UK)
  • Avengers – Car Crash // We are The One / I Believe In Me (Dangerhouse)
  • Bee Gees – Stayin’ Alive / If I Can’t Have You (RSO)
  • Crime – Murder By Guitar / Frustration (Crime)
  • Dead Boys – Sonic Reducer / Little Girl (Sire)
  • Dils – Class War / Mr Big (Dangerhouse)
  • Metal Urbain – Paris Maquis / Clé De Contact (Rough Trade UK)
  • Rose Royce – Wishing on a Star / Funk Factory (Whitfield)
  • Talking Heads – Psycho Killer / I Wish You Wouldn’t Say That (Sire UK)
  • Abba – The Album (Polar Sweden)
  • Peter Bellamy – The Transports (Free Reed UK) Ballad opera with Mike and Norma Waterson, Martin Carthy, Fairport Convention, Nic Jones, Vic Legg, AL Lloyd, Dave Swarbrick, June Tabor, Cyril Tawney and Martin Winsor
  • Jackson Browne – Running On Empty (Asylum) recorded live, backstage and in hotel rooms on a US tour during Aug and Sep 1977
  • Brian Eno – Before and After Science (Island UK)
  • Joni Mitchell – Don Juan’s Reckless Daughter (Asylum)
  • Gil Scott-Heron & Brian Jackson – Bridges (Arista)
  • Suicide (Red Star)
  • Wire – Pink Flag (Harvest)

Talking Heads

Date unknown

releases

  • Luciano Cilio – Dialoghi del presente (EMI Italy)
  • Congos – Heart of The Congos (Black Ark Jamaica) recorded 1976-77
  • Jan Garbarek – Dis (ECM)
  • Jon Hassell – Vernal Equinox (Lovely Music)
  • Keith Hudson – Brand (Brand Jamaica) Dub album also issued as The Joint
  • Keith Jarrett – The Survivors’ Suite (ECM Germany) recorded 4/76 
  • Fela Kuti – No Agreement (Afrodisia)
  • Fela Kuti – Opposite People (Afrodisia)
  • Fela Kuti – Sorrow Tears and Blood (Kalakuta Nigeria)
  • Fela Anikulapo Kuti & Africa 70 – Zombie (Coconut Nigeria)  
  • Augustus Pablo – East of the River Nile (Message Jamaica)
  • June Tabor – Ashes and Diamonds (Topic UK)
  • George Thorogood and the Destroyers (Rounder)
  • Univers Zéro aka 1313 (Atem France)  

Adem Ilhan born (London) English rock, folk and electronic singer, guitarist, songwriter, bass guitarist. Member of Fridge and solo artist.

 

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