1985

<19841986>

Jan

1

  • Music TV channel VH1 begins broadcasting in the US

4

  • Lovro von Matačić (85) dies in Zagreb

7

  • Johnny Guarnieri (67) dies on stage at a show in Livingston, NJ

9

  • Anton Karas (78) dies in Vienna

10

  • Toru Takemitsu’s Riverrun for piano and orchestra premiered in Los Angeles

11

  • The Rock in Rio festival takes place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil featuring AC/DC, Queen, Iron Maiden, Gilberto Gil and many others

14

  • Michael Tippett’s Piano Sonata no.4 premiered in Los Angeles

16

  • Sofia Gubaidulina’s Quasi hoquetus for viola, bassoon and piano premiered in Moscow
  • Alfred Schnittke’s ballet Sketches premiered in Moscow
  • Charles Wuorinen’s Rhapsody for violin and orchestra premiered in San Francisco

17

  • Stephen Albert’s RiverRun premiered in Washington, DC

18

  • Witold Lutoslawski’s Partita for violin and piano premiered in St. Paul, MN

19

  • Samuel Barber’s Horizon for orchestra premiered in Merrick, NY
  • Foreigner have the UK number one single for the first of three weeks with I Want to Know What Love Is
  • Arvo Pärt’s Te Deum for three choirs, piano, strings and tape premiered in Cologne

23

  • Thea Musgrave and Richard Rodney Bennett’s Moving Into Aquarius for orchestra premiered in London

25

  • Volker David Kirchner’s opera Belshazar premiered in Munich

26

  • Kenny Clarke (71) dies in Montreuil, France following a heart attack
  • Foreigner have the UK number one album for the first of three weeks with Agent Provocateur

28

  • Alan Hovhaness’s Symphony no.59 premiered in Bellevue, WA
  • USA for Africa record the charity single We are the World. Artists featured include Ray Charles, Bob Dylan, the Jacksons, Willie Nelson, Lionel Richie, Smokey Robinson, Paul Simon, Bruce Springsteen, Tina Turner, Stevie Wonder and many others

31

  • Pierre Boulez’s Dérive I for sextet premiered in London

releases

  • David Bowie & the Pat Metheny Group – This Is Not America / instrumental (EMI America)
  • Madonna – Material Girl / Pretender (Sire)
  • Tears for Fears – Head Over Heels / When in Love With a Blind Man (Mercury)
  • Hüsker Dü – New Day Rising (SST)
  • Van Morrison – A Sense of Wonder (Mercury)
  • Naked Raygun – Throb Throb (Homestead) 
  • Penguin Cafe Orchestra – Broadcasting From Home (EG) 
  • Run DMC – King of Rock (Profile)
  • Yello – Stella (Vertigo)

Hüsker Dü – New Day Rising (SST)

Feb

2

  • Foreigner have the Billboard number one single for the first of two weeks with I Want to Know What Love Is
  • Isang Yun’s Monolog for bassoon premiered in Nizza

5

  • Charles Wuorinen’s Concertino for winds and strings premiered in New York

7

  • Matt Monro (54) dies in London of liver cancer

8

  • Earle Brown’s Tracer for flute, oboe, bassoon, violin, double bass and tape premiered in Berlin

9

  • Madonna has the Billboard number one album for the first of three weeks with Like a Virgin

10

  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Schwartzer und roter Tanz for orchestra premiered in Berlin

13

  • The rebuilt Dresden Opera House opens on the fortieth anniversary of its destruction by allied bombing

14

  • Jean-Claude Risset’s Filtres II for flute and piano premiered in Nice

15

  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Chiffre-Zyklus for 18 players premiered in Frankfurt (complete version)

16

  • George Michael has the Billboard number one single for the first of three weeks with Careless Whisper
  • Bruce Springsteen has the UK number one album for the first of five weeks over two runs with Born in the USA

19

  • Peter Maxwell Davies’s Symphony no.3 premiered in Manchester

20

  • Konrad Boehmer’s opera Doktor Faustus premiered in Paris

21

  • Vivian Fine’s Poetic Fires premiered in New York

22

  • Efrem Zimbalist (94) dies in Reno, NV
  • The “One Night with Blue Note” concert is held at Town Hall, New York to mark the relaunch of the label. Artists appearing include Freddie Hubbard, Joe Henderson, Herbie Hancock, Ron Carter, Tony Williams, Grover Washington, Jr., Kenny Burrell, McCoy Tyner, Jackie McLean, Charles Lloyd, Lou Donaldson, Jimmy Smith, Stanley Turrentine and Cecil Taylor

23

  • The Smiths have the UK number one album for one week with Meat Is Murder

24

  • Otto Luening’s Three canons for two flutes premiered in New York

26

  • The 27th Grammy Awards are held in Los Angeles. Tina Turner wins record of the year for What’s Love Got to Do With It and Lionel Richie wins album of the year for Can’t Slow Down. Other winners include Emmylou Harris, Art Blakey, Pat Metheny, Phil Collins, Herbie Hancock, Prince, Black Uhuru and Bruce Springsteen

releases

  • Leonard Cohen – Dance Me To The End Of Love / The Law (CBS UK)
  • Jesus & Mary Chain – Never Understand / Suck (Blanco Y Negro UK)
  • Madonna – Crazy For You / No More Words (Geffen)
  • Run DMC – King Of Rock / Jam Master Jammin’ (Profile)
  • Smiths – How Soon Is Now / Well I Wonder (Rough Trade UK)
  • Bruce Springsteen – I’m On Fire / Johnny Bye Bye (Columbia)
  • Associates – Perhaps (WEA UK)
  • Leonard Cohen – Various Positions (CBS UK)
  • Danny & Dusty – The Lost Weekend (A&M)
  • Whitney Houston (Arista)
  • The Bad and Lowdown World of The Kane Gang (Kitchenware UK)
  • Savage Republic – Ceremonial (Independent Project)
  • Smiths – Meat Is Murder (Rough Trade UK)
  • Tears for Fears – Songs from the Big Chair (Phonogram)

Run DMC

Mar

1

  • Eugene List (66) dies from a broken neck after a fall at his New York home
  • Thea Musgrave’s opera Harriet, The Woman Called Moses, lib. Musgrave, premiered in Norfolk, VA

2

  • Phil Collins has the UK number one album for the first of five weeks with No Jacket Required
  • Wham! have the Billboard number one album for the first of three weeks with Make It Big

4

  • Henri Pousseur’s Prospection for three pianos premiered in Liège

6

  • Judith Weir’s opera The Black Spider premiered in Canterbury, Kent

9

  • Robert ‘Bumps’ Blackwell (66) dies in Los Angeles of pneumonia
  • John Cage’s Haikai for flute and zoomoozophone premiered in New York

10

  • Luigi Nono’s A Carlo Scarpa architetto, ai suoi infinti possibili for orchestra premiered in Hamburg

12

  • Eugene Ormandy (85) dies in Philadelphia
  • The Jesus and Mary Chain’s show at North London Poly descends into a riot after the band, an hour late appearing, leave after playing just twenty minutes

13

  • Annette Hanshaw (84) dies in New York

15

  • Alfred Schnittke’s Ritual for orchestra premiered in Novosibirsk, Russia

16

  • Roger Huntington Sessions (88) dies in Princeton, NJ of a cerebral haemorrhage

21

  • John Adams’s Harmonielehre for orchestra premiered in San Francisco

23

  • Zoot Sims (59) dies in New York of cancer
  • Philip Bailey with Phil Collins have the UK number one single for the first of four weeks with Easy Lover
  • John Fogerty has the Billboard number one album for one week with Centerfield

25

  • Maurice Jarre’s music for David Lean’s film A Passage to India wins the best original score Oscar at the 57th Academy Awards

26

  • Kalevi Aho’s Sonata for Oboe and Piano premiered in Helsinki
  • Kenneth Leighton’s Symphony No.3 premiered in Glasgow

27

  • The South African Broadcasting Corporation bans Stevie Wonder’s music after he dedicates the Oscar he won the previous night to Nelson Mandela

29

  • Jeanine Deckers (51) dies in Wavre, Belgium following an overdose of alcohol and barbiturates taken in a suicide pact with her partner Annie Pécher

30

  • Phil Collins has the Billboard number one album for the first of seven weeks over three runs with No Jacket Required and the Billboard number one single for the first of two weeks with One More Night
  • Colin Matthews’s Toccata Meccanica premiered in Northampton

31

  • John Cage’s Sonnekus2 for voice premiered in Bonn
  • Elliott Carter’s Esprit rude l’esprit doux for flute and clarinet premiered in Baden-Baden
  • Henryk Górecki’s O Domina Nostra for soprano and organ premiered in Poznan
  • Lejaren Hiller’s The Fox Trots Again for chamber ensemble premiered in Buffalo
  • Luigi Nono’s A Pierre. Dell’azzurro silenzio, inquietum for flute, clarinet and electronics premiered in Baden-Baden
  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Fusées for orchestra premiered in Baden-Baden

releases

  • Billy Bragg – Between The Wars EP (Go Discs UK)
  • Cocteau Twins – Aikea-Guinea / Kookaburra (4AD UK)
  • James – Hymn From A Village / If Things Were Perfect (Factory UK)
  • Pogues – A Pair Of Brown Eyes / Whiskey You’re The Devil (Stiff UK)
  • Smiths – Shakespeare’s Sister / What She Said (Rough Trade UK)
  • Tears for Fears – Everybody Wants to Rule the World / Pharaohs (Mercury)
  • Crucifucks (Alternative Tentacles)
  • Roy Harper & Jimmy Page – Whatever Happened to Jugula? (Beggars Banquet)
  • Alexander O’Neal (Tabu)
  • Oyster Band – Liberty Hall (Pukka UK)
  • Sisters of Mercy – First and Last and Always (WEA)
  • Sonic Youth – Bad Moon Rising (Homestead)

Elliott Carter b.1908

Apr

1

  • David Lee Roth quits Van Halen

7

  • Wham! are the first Western pop group to play in China when they play a show in Beijing

8

  • John Frederick Coots (87) dies in New York

10

  • Madonna begins her first American tour in Seattle

12

  • Dominick Argento’s opera Casanova’s Homecoming, lib. Argento, premiered in St Paul, MN
  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Chiffre VI for eight players premiered in Karlsruhe

13

  • Vincent Persichetti’s opera The Sibyl, lib. Persichetti, premiered in Philadelphia
  • USA for Africa have the Billboard number one single for the first of five weeks with We Are the World

19

  • Willie Mabon (59) dies in Paris
  • John Cage’s A Collection of Rocks for chorus and orchestra premiered in Zagreb
  • Alexander Goehr’s opera Behold the Sun, lib. Goehr and McGrath, premiered in Duisburg
  • David Lang’s Eating Living Monkeys for orchestra premiered in Cleveland
  • Mikis Theodorakis’s Symphony No.7 premiered in Dresden

20

  • György Ligeti’s Etudes pour piano: Book I (sections I and II) premiered in Zagreb
  • Alfred Schnittke’s Concerto grosso no.3 for harpsichord and strings premiered in Moscow
  • USA for Africa have the UK number one single for the first of two weeks with We Are the World

21

  • Irving Mills (91) dies in Palm Springs, CA
  • Morton Feldman’s For Philip Guston for flute, piano and percussion premiered in Buffalo
  • Mauricio Kagel’s Pan for piccolo and string quartet premiered in Milan

27

  • USA for Africa have the Billboard number one album for the first week of three with We Are the World

releases

  • Art of Noise – Moments in Love / Beatbox: Love Beat (ZTT UK)
  • Depeche Mode – Shake the Disease / Flexible (Mute)
  • Paul Hardcastle – 19 / Fly by Night (Chrysalis)
  • Madonna – Angel / version (Sire)
  • Minor Threat – Salad Days EP (Dischord)
  • Propaganda – Duel / Jewel (ZTT UK)
  • Simple Minds – Don’t You Forget About Me / A Brass Band In Africa (Virgin UK)
  • Triffids – Bright Lights Big City EP (Hot Australia)
  • Everything but the Girl – Love Not Money (Blanco Y Negro)
  • Meat Puppets – Up on the Sun (SST)
  • Prince – Around the World in a Day (Warner Bros)
  • Richard Thompson – Across a Crowded Room (Polydor UK)

Propaganda

May

2

  • Lily Allen born (London) English pop singer, songwriter.
  • Larry Clinton (75) dies in Tucson, AZ

5

  • Hans Werner Henze’s opera König Hirsch, lib. von Cramer, premiered in Stuttgart (complete version)
  • Judith Weir’s opera The Consolations of Scholarship premiered in Durham

8

  • Karl Marx (87) dies in Stuttgart
  • Erik Bergman’s Lemminkäinen for choir premiered in Helsinki
  • Gunther Schuller’s Concerto for Orchestra no.3 Farbenspiel premiered in Berlin

9

  • Charles Wuorinen’s Crossfire for orchestra premiered in Baltimore

10

  • Peter Maxwell Davies’s An Orkney Wedding, with Sunrise for bagpipes and orchestra premiered in Boston

11

  • Richard Barrett’s Coïgitum premiered in Paris
  • Paul Hardcastle has the UK number one single for the first of five weeks with 19
  • Madonna has the Billboard number one single for one week with Crazy for You

14

  • John Cage’s Eight Whiskus premiered in New York

16

  • Gunther Schuller’s Concerto for bassoon and orchestra premiered in Washington, DC

17

  • John Tavener’s Orthodox Vigil Service for chorus and handbells premiered in Oxford

18

  • Hilding Rosenberg (92) dies in Stockholm
  • Simple Minds have the Billboard number one single for one week with Don’t You (Forget About Me)

20

  • David Sawer’s Etudes premiered in Cologne

23

  • Lloyd Glenn (75) dies in Los Angeles following a heart attack

24

  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Spur for orchestra premiered in Saarbrücken

25

  • Dire Straits have the UK number one album for the first of fourteen weeks over three runs with Brothers in Arms
  • Erkki-Sven Tüür’s Architectonics I for wind quintet premiered in Tallinn
  • Wham! have the Billboard number one single for the first of two weeks with Everything She Wants

28

  • Roy Plomley (71) dies in London of pleurisy

30

  • Otto Luening’s Opera Fantasia for violin and piano premiered in Charleston, SC

unk

  • Valentin Silvestrov’s Symphony No.5 premiered in Kiev

releases

  • David Bowie – Loving the Alien / Don’t Look Down (EMI America)
  • Cult – She Sells Sanctuary / No 13 (Beggars Banquet UK)
  • Marillion – Kayleigh / Lady Nina (EMI)
  • New Order – The Perfect Kiss / Perfect Pit (Factory UK)
  • Primal Scream – All Fall Down / It Happens (Creation UK)
  • Prince – Raspberry Beret / She’s Always in My Hair (Paisley Park)
  • Black Flag – Loose Nut (SST)
  • Chameleons – What Does Anything Mean? Basically (Statik UK)
  • Ry Cooder – Paris, Texas (Warner Bros) Soundtrack to Wim Wenders’ film
  • Dire Straits – Brothers in Arms (Vertigo UK)
  • Green On Red – Gas Food Lodging (Enigma)
  • Emmylou Harris – The Ballad of Sally Rose (Warner Bros)
  • Laibach – Rekapitulacija 1980-84 (Walter Ulbricht Schallfolien Germany) Recorded 1980-84
  • New Order – Low Life (Factory UK)
  • Style Council – Our Favourite Shop (Polydor)
  • Suzanne Vega (A&M)

Erkki-Sven Tüür b.1959

Jun

1

  • Prince has the Billboard number one album for the first of three weeks with Around the World in a Day
  • Erkki-Sven Tüür’s Prints for flute and harp premiered in Tallinn

2

  • Alfred Schnittke’s String Trio premiered in Moscow

6

  • Siegfried Matthus’s Concerto for Percussion: Der Wald premiered in Dresden

8

  • The Style Council have the UK number one album for one week with Our Favourite Shop
  • Tears for Fears have the Billboard number one single for the first of two weeks with Everybody Wants to Rule the World

10

  • Philip Glass’s String Quartet no.3 Mishima premiered in London

13

  • William Alwyn’s String Quartet no.3 premiered in Blythburgh, Suffolk
  • David Del Tredici’s March To Tonality premiered in Chicago

15

  • Bryan Ferry has the UK number one album for the first of two weeks with Boys And Girls

17

  • Czeslaw Marek (93) dies in Zürich

21

  • Einojuhani Rautavaara’s opera Thomas premiered in Helsinki
  • (to 23rd) The 1985 Glastonbury Festival is held at Worthy Farm, Somerset featuring Echo & the Bunnymen, Gil Scott Heron, Madness and The Pogues

23

  • Mauricio Kagel’s Piano Trio premiered in Amsterdam

25

  • Pee Wee Crayton (70) dies in Los Angeles following a heart attack

28

  • John Tavener’s Love Bade Me Welcome for chorus premiered in Winchester

29

  • Morton Feldman’s For Bunita Marcus for piano premiered in Middelburg
  • Marillion have the UK number one album for one week with Misplaced Childhood
  • Sister Sledge have the UK number one single for the first of four weeks with Frankie

30

  • Iannis Xenakis’s Nyûyô for shakuhachi, sangen and 2 koto premiered in Tokyo

unk

  • The Loft split up on stage during a show supporting Colourfield at Hammersmith Palais

releases

  • Bryan Adams – Summer Of 69 / The Best Was Yet To Come (A&M)
  • Dire Straits – Money for Nothing / Love Over Gold (Vertigo)
  • Eurythmics – There Must Be an Angel (Playing With My Heart) / Grown Up Girls (RCA)
  • Fall – Couldn’t Get Ahead / Rollin’ Dany (Beggars Banquet UK)
  • Jesus & Mary Chain – You Trip Me Up / Just Out Of Reach (Blanco Y Negro UK)
  • Men They Couldn’t Hang – Ironmasters / Donald Where’s Your Troosers (Imp UK)
  • Minutemen – Project Mersh EP (SST)
  • Model 500 – No UFO’s / Future (Metroplex) Juan Atkins
  • Pogues – Sally McLennane / Wild Rover (Stiff UK)
  • Sonic Youth – Death Valley 69 EP (Homestead)
  • Mark Stewart – Hypnotized / As the Veneer of Democracy Starts to Fade (Mute UK)
  • Talking Heads – Road To Nowhere / Give Me Back My Name (Sire)
  • Tears for Fears – Shout / The Big Chair (Mercury)
  • A-ha – Hunting High and Low (Warner Bros)
  • Camper Van Beethoven – Telephone Free Landslide Victory (Independent Project)
  • Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds – The Firstborn Is Dead (Mute UK)
  • Sam Cooke – Live at the Harlem Square Club, 1963 (RCA) Recorded on 12 Jan 1963
  • Dif Juz – Extractions (4AD UK)
  • Dinosaur Jr – Dinosaur (Homestead)
  • Bob Dylan – Empire Burlesque (Columbia)
  • Marillion – Misplaced Childhood (EMI)
  • Mekons – Fear and Whiskey (Sin UK)
  • Prefab Sprout – Steve McQueen (CBS UK)
  • REM – Fables of the Reconstruction (IRS)
  • Rites of Spring (Dischord)
  • Sting – The Dream of the Blue Turtles (A&M)
  • Talking Heads – Little Creatures (Sire)

Rites of Spring

Jul

6

  • Phil Collins has the Billboard number one single for one week with Sussudio

9

  • Arvo Pärt’s Stabat mater for soprano, alto, tenor, violin, viola and cello premiered in Lockenhaus

11

  • George Duvivier (64) dies in New York of cancer

12

  • John Casken’s Vaganza premiered in St Albans, Herts

13

  • Duran Duran have the Billboard number one single for the first of two weeks with A View to a Kill
  • Tears for Fears have the Billboard number one album for the first of five weeks over two runs with Songs from the Big Chair
  • The Live Aid concert takes place in London and Philadelphia in aid of victims of the famine in the horn of Africa. Acts appearing include U2, Dire Straits, Queen, David Bowie, The Who, Elton John, Paul McCartney (London) and Black Sabbath, The Beach Boys, Santana, Madonna, Neil Young, Led Zeppelin and Bob Dylan (Philadelphia)

14

  • John Cage’s ASLSP premiered in Baltimore

19

  • Alfred Schnittke suffers a massive stroke. He is pronounced dead, but recovers fully

24

  • Iannis Xenakis’s Idmen A / Idmen B for chorus and percussion premiered in Strasbourg

25

  • Piano Red (73) dies in Atlanta of cancer

26

  • Elliott Carter’s Penthode for 5 quartets premiered in London

27

  • Eurythmics have the UK number one single for one week with There Must Be An Angel (Playing With My Heart)

31

  • Luciano Berio’s Call for five brass instruments premiered in St. Louis
  • Anthony Payne’s The Spirit’s Harvest premiered in London

releases

  • John Cale – Dying On The Vine / Every Time The Dogs Bark (Beggars Banquet UK)
  • Colourbox – The Moon Is Blue / You Keep Me Hanging On (4AD UK)
  • Cure – In Between Days / The Exploding Body (Fiction UK)
  • Double Dee & Steinski – Lessons 1 – 3 EP (Tommy Boy) Promos only pressed due to licensing problems
  • Dinosaur Jr – Repulsion / Bulbs of Passion (Homestead)
  • Madonna – Into the Groove / Shoo-Bee-Doo (Sire UK)
  • Pet Shop Boys – Opportunities / In The Night (Parlophone UK)
  • Prefab Sprout – Faron Young / Silhouettes (Kitchenware UK)
  • REM – Can’t Get There From Here / Bandwagon (IRS)
  • Smiths – That Joke Isn’t Funny Anymore / Meat Is Murder (Rough Trade UK)
  • Aretha Franklin – Who’s Zoomin’ Who? (Arista)
  • Dave Holland – Seeds of Time (ECM)
  • Men They Couldn’t Hang – Night of 1000 Candles (Demon UK) Folk-rock band formed in London in 1984. Phil Odgers (vo, g, tin whistle, melodica) Paul Simmonds (g, vo, mand, keys) Stefan Cush (g, vo) Shanne Bradley (b) Jon Odgers (d)
  • Propaganda – A Secret Wish (ZTT UK)
  • X – Ain’t Love Grand! (Elektra)

Double Dee & Steinski (Doug DiFranco and Steve Stein)

Aug

3

  • Mosco Carner (80) dies while on holiday in Stratton, Cornwall, following a heart attack
  • Madonna has the UK number one single for the first of four weeks with Into The Groove
  • Tears for Fears have the Billboard number one single for the first of three weeks with Shout

5

  • Olav Kielland (83) dies in Bø, Norway

10

  • Bryan Adams has the Billboard number one album for the first of two weeks with Reckless

11

  • Benjamin Britten’s Praise We Great Men for choir and orchestra premiered in Snape, edited and orchestrated by Colin Matthews

12

  • Marcel Mihalovici (86) dies in Paris
  • Kyu Sakamoto (43) is among 520 dead when a Japan Airlines Boeing 747 crashes into Mount Takamagahara, 100km from Tokyo
  • Malcolm Williamson’s Symphony No.7 premiered in Melbourne

13

  • Luciano Berio’s Requies for chamber orchestra premiered in Lausanne

16

  • Madonna marries Sean Penn

18

  • Peter Maxwell Davies’s cantata The Peat Cutters premiered in Edinburgh

19

  • Alexander Goehr’s …a musical offering (J.S.B. 1985) for 14 players premiered in Edinburgh

22

  • Isang Yun’s Gong-Hu for harp and strings premiered in Lucerne

24

  • Paul Creston (78) dies in San Diego, CA

30

  • Philly Joe Jones (62) dies in Philadelphia following a heart attack

31

  • Dire Straits have the Billboard number one album for the first of nine weeks with Brothers in Arms

releases

  • Kate Bush – Running Up That Hill / Under The Ivy (EMI UK)
  • Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds – Tupelo / The Six Strings That Drew Blood (Mute UK)
  • Madness – Yesterday’s Men / All I Knew (Zarjazz UK)
  • Pogues – Dirty Old Town / A Pistol for Paddy Garcia (Stiff)
  • Propaganda – P-Machinery / Frozen Faces (ZTT UK)
  • JM Silk – Music Is The Key / mixes (DJ International)
  • Triffids – You Don’t Miss Your Water / Convent Walls (Hot Australia)
  • Suzanne Vega – Marlene On The Wall / Neighbourhood Girls (A&M)
  • Wedding Present – Go Out And Get ‘Em Boy / Everything’s Spoiled Again (Reception UK)
  • Colourbox (4AD UK)
  • Cure – The Head on the Door (Fiction UK)
  • Live Skull – Bringing Home The Bait (Homestead)
  • Pogues – Rum, Sodomy and the Lash (Stiff UK)
  • Neil Young – Old Ways (Geffen)

Steve ‘Silk’ Hurley aka J M Silk b.1962

Sep

3

  • Jo Jones (73) dies in New York
  • Johnny Marks (75) dies in New York

6

  • Little Brother Montgomery (79) dies in Chicago
  • George Benjamin’s Jubilation premiered in London
  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Andere Schatten for soprano, mezzo-soprano, baritone, speaker, chorus and orchestra premiered in Frankfurt

7

  • David Bowie and Mick Jagger have the UK number one single for the first of four weeks with Dancing In The Street
  • Robin Holloway’s Concerto for viola and orchestra premiered in London
  • John Parr has the Billboard number one single for the first of two weeks with St. Elmo’s Fire

8

  • Frederick May (74) dies in Portrane, Co. Dublin
  • Ennio Morricone’s Frammenti di Eros: Cantata for soprano, piano and orchestra premiered in Venice

9

  • Mauricio Kagel’s oratorio Sankt-Bach-Passion premiered in Berlin
  • Toru Takemitsu’s Dream / Window for orchestra premiered in Kyoto

10

  • Hans Werner Henze’s Orpheus Behind the Wire premiered in Southampton

11

  • William Alwyn (79) dies in Southwold, Suffolk
  • Lorenzo Ferrero’s opera Mare nostro [Our Sea], lib. Marco Ravasini, premiered in Alessandria, Italy

13

  • Dane Rudhyar (90) dies in San Francisco

14

  • Felix Hell born (Frankenthal, Germany) German classical organist.
  • Henryk Górecki’s Songs to Words by J. Slowacki for voice and piano premiered in Zakopane, Poland
  • John McGuire’s Cadence Music for Twenty-One Instruments premiered in Cologne

15

  • Cootie Williams (74) dies in New York
  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Chiffre VII for orchestra premiered in Frankfurt-am-Main
  • Iannis Xenakis’s Alax for three instrumental groups premiered on WDR, Cologne

19

  • Otto Luening’s Serenade and Dialogue for flute and piano premiered in Poughkeepsie, NY

21

  • Dire Straits have the Billboard number one single for the first of three weeks with Money for Nothing
  • Madonna has the UK number one album for the first of two weeks over two runs with Like a Virgin

22

  • Nicolas Kasanda (46) dies in Brussels of alcohol related problems
  • The Farm Aid concert is held in Champaign, IL featuring The Beach Boys, Bon Jovi, Johnny Cash, Bob Dylan, Emmylou Harris, George Jones, B. B. King, Carole King, Loretta Lynn, Joni Mitchell, Willie Nelson, Roy Orbison, Lou Reed, Neil Young and many others

23

  • Michael Nyman’s String Quartet No 1 premiered in Warsaw

24

  • György Ligeti’s Etudes pour piano: Book I (sections III, VI) premiered in Warsaw

25

  • Henryk Górecki’s Recitatives and Ariosos–Lerchenmusik for clarinet, cello and piano premiered in Warsaw

26

  • Lauri Kennedy (88) dies in Sacramento, CA
  • Isang Yun’s Symphony no.3 premiered in Berlin

27

  • David Matthews’s Symphony No.3 premiered in Sheffield

28

  • Kate Bush has the UK number one album for the first of three weeks over two runs with Hounds Of Love

29

  • Hans Werner Henze’s Selbst- und Zweigespräche for viola, guitar and chamber organ premiered in Bruhl, Germany
  • Zygmunt Krauze’s Blanc-rouge / Paysage d’un pays premiered in Strasbourg
  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Dämmerung for orchestra & Zeichen for wind quartet and two orchestras premiered in Venice

unk

  • Brian Ferneyhough’s Etudes Transcendantales premiered in Venice

releases

  • Bodines – God Bless / Paradise (Creation UK)
  • Cure – Close to Me / A Man Inside My Mouth (Fiction)
  • Dexys Midnight Runners – Don’t Stand Me Down (Mercury)
  • Felt – Primitive Painters / Cathedral (Cherry Red UK)
  • Hüsker Dü – Makes No Sense At All / Love Is All Around (SST)
  • Model 500 – Night Drive (Thru Babylon) / Time Space Transmat / No UFO’s (D-Mix) (Metroplex)
  • John Parr – St. Elmo’s Fire (Man in Motion) / Treat Me Like an Animal (Atlantic)
  • Smiths – The Boy With A Thorn In His Side / Asleep (Rough Trade UK)
  • Stone Roses – So Young / Tell Me (Thin Line UK)
  • Kate Bush – The Hounds Of Love (EMI UK)
  • Sheila Chandra – The Struggle (Indipop UK)
  • Miles Davis – You’re Under Arrest (Columbia)
  • Einstürzende Neubauten – Halber Mensch (Some Bizzare)
  • Ex – Pokkeherrie (Ex Netherlands) 
  • Fall – This Nation’s Saving Grace (Beggars Banquet UK)
  • John Foxx – In Mysterious Ways (Virgin UK)
  • Hüsker Dü – Flip Your Wig (SST)
  • Slayer – Hell Awaits (Metal Blade)
  • Sun City Girls (Placebo) 
  • 10,000 Maniacs – The Wishing Chair (Elektra)
  • Thin White Rope – Exploring the Axis (Frontier)
  • Waterboys – This Is the Sea (Ensign UK)

Sheila Chandra b.1965

Oct

1

  • David Lang’s Frag for flute, oboe and cello premiered in Philadelphia
  • William Schuman’s Dances for wind quintet and percussion premiered in New York

6

  • Nelson Riddle (64) dies in Los Angeles from liver failure

8

  • Gavin Bryars’s String Quartet No. 1 premiered in Vienna
  • Claude-Michel Schönberg’s musical Les Misérables opens in London (10,000+ performances)

9

  • Anthony Davis’s opera X: the Life and Times of Malcolm X, lib. Davis, Davis and Levine, premiered in Philadelphia

10

  • Aulis Sallinen’s Symphony No. 5 Washington Mosaics premiered in Washington, DC

11

  • Tex Williams (68) dies in Newhall, CA of pancreatic cancer

12

  • Blind John Davis (71) dies in Chicago
  • Ricky Wilson (32) dies in New York of AIDS

13

  • James Clarke’s Försvinna premiered in Hilversum, Netherlands

14

  • Emil Gilels (68) dies in Moscow during a routine medical check-up

15

  • Thea Musgrave’s Soliloquy III for guitar and nine players premiered in Los Angeles

18

  • Stefan Askenase (89) dies in Bonn
  • Karlheinz Stockhausen’s Oberlippentanz premiered in Donaueschingen

19

  • A-ha have the Billboard number one single for one week with Take on Me

25

  • Vivian Fine’s A Song for St. Cecilia’s Day premiered in Burlington, VT

26

  • John Casken’s To Fields We Do Not Know premiered in Durham
  • Aaron Copland’s Sonnet II for piano premiered in New York
  • Whitney Houston has the Billboard number one single for one week with Saving All My Love for You
  • Wolfgang Rihm’s String Quartet no.6 Blaubuch premiered in Kassel

27

  • György Ligeti’s Polyphonic etude for piano four hands premiered in Stockholm

28

  • Pierre Boulez’s Dialogue de l’ombre double for clarinet and electronics premiered in Florence

30

  • Colin Matthews’s Suns Dance premiered in London

releases

  • Kate Bush – Cloudbusting / Burning Bridge (EMI)
  • Clash – This Is England / Do It Now (CBS UK)
  • Echo & The Bunnymen – Bring On The Dancing Horses / Over My Shoulder (Korova UK)
  • Fall – Cruiser’s Creek (Beggars Banquet UK)
  • Fingers Inc – The Mystery Of Love / mixes (DJ International)
  • Housemartins – Flag Day / Stand At Ease (Go Discs UK)
  • Jesus & Mary Chain – Just Like Honey / Head (Blanco Y Negro UK)
  • Grace Jones – Slave To The Rhythm / GI Blues (Manhattan)
  • Madness – Uncle Sam / Don’t Go (Zarjazz UK)
  • Microdisney – Birthday Girl / Harmony Tunes (Rough Trade UK)
  • Waterboys – The Whole Of The Moon / Medicine Jack (Ensign UK)
  • Anthrax – Spreading the Disease (Island)
  • This Is Big Audio Dynamite (Columbia)
  • Black Flag – In My Head (SST)
  • Cabaret Voltaire – The Covenant, the Sword and the Arm of the Lord (Some Bizzare UK)
  • John Cale – Artificial Intelligence (Beggars Banquet UK)
  • Dead Kennedys – Frankenchrist (Alternative Tentacles)
  • Brian Eno – Thursday Afternoon (EG UK)
  • Foetus – Nail (Self Immolation UK)
  • Green On Red – No Free Lunch (Mercury)
  • Madness – Mad Not Mad (Zarjazz UK)
  • Joni Mitchell – Dog Eat Dog (Geffen)
  • Replacements – Tim (Sire)
  • Simple Minds – Once Upon a Time (Virgin)
  • Simply Red – Picture Book (Elektra)
  • Skinny Puppy – Bites (Nettwerk Canada)
  • Tom Waits – Rain Dogs (Island)

Jim Thirlwell aka Foetus b.1960

Nov

1

  • György Ligeti’s Etudes pour piano: Book I (sections IV and V) premiered in Hamburg

2

  • Morton Feldman’s Piano and String Quartet premiered in Los Angeles
  • James MacMillan’s Three Dawn Rituals for octet premiered in London
  • Simple Minds have the UK number one album for one week with Once Upon A Time
  • Stevie Wonder has the Billboard number one single for one week with Part-Time Lover

3

  • John Tavener’s Angels for chorus and organ premiered in Basingstoke, Hants

4

  • Richard Williams (54) dies in Jamaica, NY of kidney cancer

5

  • Edvard Baghdasaryan (62) dies in Yerevan, Armenia
  • Tan Dun’s Symphony no.2 premiered in Beijing
  • Henri Dutilleux’s concerto L’arbre des songes premiered in Paris

6

  • Benjamin Britten’s Rhapsody for string quartet premiered in Manchester
  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Andere Schatten for soloists, choir and orchestra premiered in Frankfurt

7

  • Alfred Schnittke’s Music to an Imagined Play for instrumental ensemble premiered in Moscow

10

  • Alan Hovhaness’s Symphony no.58 Symphony Sacra premiered in Valparaiso, IN

12

  • Peter Maxwell Davies’s First Ferry to Hoy for chorus, band and ensemble premiered in London

16

  • Sade has the UK number one album for the first of two weeks with Promise

17

  • Harrison Birtwistle’s Words Overheard for soprano, flute, oboe, bassoon and strings premiered in Glasgow
  • David Diamond’s Symphony no.9 premiered in New York

19

  • Zygmunt Krauze’s Quatuor pour la naissance premiered in Paris

21

  • Charles Wuorinen’s Prelude to Kullervo for tuba and orchestra premiered in New York

22

  • Siegfried Matthus’s Oboe Concerto premiered in Swansea

24

  • Joe Turner (74) dies in Los Angeles following a heart attack

25

  • John Tavener’s Trisagion for brass quintet premiered in Huddersfield

29

  • Pierre Boulez’s Mémoriale for flute and octet premiered in Paris

30

  • Wham! have the UK number one single for the first of two weeks with I’m Your Man

releases

  • Beastie Boys – She’s On It / Slow and Low (Def Jam)
  • Cocteau Twins – Echoes In A Shallow Bay EP (4AD UK)
  • Cocteau Twins – Tiny Dynamite EP (4AD UK)
  • Laibach – Die Liebe / Grosste Kraft (Cherry Red UK)
  • Men They Couldn’t Hang – Greenback Dollar / A Night to Remember (Demon UK)
  • New Order – Subculture / Dub Vulture (Factory UK)
  • Pet Shop Boys – West End Girls / A Man Could Get Arrested (Parlophone UK)
  • Queen – One Vision / Blurred Vision (EMI)
  • Tom Waits – Downtown Train / Tango Till They’re Sore (Island UK)
  • Clash – Cut the Crap (Columbia)
  • Jesus and Mary Chain – Psychocandy (Blanco y Negro UK)
  • LL Cool J – Radio (Def Jam) 
  • Microdisney – The Clock Comes Down the Stairs (Rough Trade UK)
  • Minimal Compact – Raging Souls (Crammed Belgium)
  • Sade – Promise (Epic UK)
  • Márta Sebestyén – Dudoltam én: Sebestyén Márta (Hungaraton Hungary)

Márta Sebestyén b.1957

Dec

4

  • Kurt Schwertsik’s Fünf Naturstücke premiered in Vienna

10

  • Colin Matthews’s Three Enigmas premiered in Stamford, CT
  • Vladimir Ussachevsky’s Anniversary Variations for brass quintet premiered in New York

11

  • Philip Glass and Robert Moran’s opera The Juniper Tree premiered in Cambridge, MA, lib. Yorinks after Grimm
  • David Matthews’s In the Dark Time op.38 premiered in London

12

  • Ian Stewart (47) dies in London following a heart attack

13

  • The Minutemen play their final show in Charlotte, NC

14

  • Whitney Houston has the UK number one single for the first of two weeks with Saving All My Love for You
  • John Tavener’s Two Hymns to the Mother of God for chorus premiered in Winchester

15

  • Lejaren Hiller’s Fast and Slow for saxophone quartet premiered in Buffalo

21

  • Heart have the Billboard number one album for one week with Heart
  • Lionel Richie has the Billboard number one single for the first of four weeks with Say You, Say Me

22

  • D. Boon (27) dies from a broken neck after being thrown from a van in a crash in the Arizona desert

31

  • Rick Nelson (45) and six others die in a plane crash in De Kalb, TX

releases

  • A-Ha – The Sun Always Shines On TV / Driftwood (Warner Bros)
  • James Brown – Living In America / Farewell (Scotti Bros)
  • Sheila Chandra – Nada Brahma (Indipop UK)
  • Dead Can Dance – Spleen and Ideal (4AD UK)
  • Descendents – I Don’t Want to Grow Up (SST)
  • Philip Glass – Mishima (Nonesuch)
  • Half Man Half Biscuit – Back in the DHSS (Probe Plus UK)
  • Mantronix – The Album (Sleeping Bag)
  • Minutemen – 3-Way Tie (For Last) (SST)
  • Steve Reich – The Desert Music (Nonesuch)
  • Mark Stewart – As the Veneer of Democracy Starts to Fade (Mute UK)
  • Robert Wyatt – Old Rottenhat (Rough Trade UK)

Philip Glass – Mishima OST (Nonesuch)

date unknown

  • Becky Unthank born (Newcastle-upon-Tyne) English folk singer, broadcaster. Sister of Rachel Unthank (b.1978).

releases

  • Beat Happening (K)

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