1986

<19851987>

Jan

4

  • Phil Lynott (36) dies in Salisbury, Wiltshire of heart failure and pneumonia

6

  • Alex Turner born (Sheffield) English rock singer, songwriter, guitarist. Member of the Arctic Monkeys and the Last Shadow Puppets.

8

  • Robin Holloway’s Concerto for bassoon and orchestra premiered in Newcastle

9

  • Alfred Schnittke’s Concerto for Viola and Orchestra premiered in Amsterdam

10

  • Joe Farrell (48) dies in Los Angeles of bone cancer

11

  • Pet Shop Boys have the UK number one single for the first of two weeks with West End Girls

16

  • Stjepan Šulek (71) dies in Zagreb

19

  • Milton Babbitt’s Concerto for piano and orchestra premiered in New York

20

  • Steve Reich’s New York Counterpoint for clarinet and tape premiered in New York

21

  • Usko Meriläinen’s Visions and Whispers premiered in Tampere, Finland

23

  • The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum in Cleveland, OH takes its first inductees including James Brown, Little Richard, Elvis Presley, Fats Domino, Ray Charles, Chuck Berry, Sam Cooke, The Everly Brothers, Buddy Holly and Jerry Lee Lewis

24

  • Gordon MacRae (65) dies in Lincoln, NE of mouth cancer

25

  • Albert Grossman (59) dies in London following a heart attack
  • A-ha have the UK number one single for the first of two weeks with The Sun Always Shines On TV
  • Lorenzo Ferrero’s opera Salvatore Giuliano, lib. Giuseppe Di Leva, premiered in Rome

26

  • Allen Collins of Lynyrd Skynyrd crashes his car. He ends up paralysed from the waist down. His girlfriend Debra Watts is killed

27

  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Sine nomine I for five brass instruments premiered in Cannes

29

  • Everett Barksdale (75) dies in Los Angeles

31

  • Witold Lutoslawski’s Chain 2 for violin and orchestra premiered in Zürich

releases

  • Beastie Boys – She’s On It / Slow And Low (Def Jam)
  • Whitney Houston – How Will I Know / Someone for Me (Arista)
  • Mighty Lemondrops – Like An Angel / Something Happens (Dreamworld UK)
  • Public Image Ltd – Rise / instrumental (Virgin)
  • Savage Republic – Trudge EP (PIAS Belgium)
  • Sonic Youth – Halloween / Flower (Blast First UK)
  • Talk Talk – Life’s What You Make It / It’s Getting Late in the Evening (EMI)
  • American Music Club – The Restless Stranger (Grifter)
  • KUKL – Holidays in Europe (Crass UK)
  • Squirrel Bait (Homestead)

Phil Lynott 1949-86

Feb

2

  • Francisco Paulo Mignone (88) dies in Rio de Janeiro
  • Moritz Eggert’s The 12 strikes of the sundial premiered in Frankfurt

4

  • George Benjamin’s Fantasy on Iambic Rhythm & Three Studies premiered in London
  • Mark-Anthony Turnage’s On All Fours premiered in London

5

  • Hans Werner Henze’s Fandango sopra un basso del Padre Soler for orchestra premiered in Paris
  • Alfred Schnittke’s Sonata for Violin and Chamber Orchestra premiered in Moscow

10

  • Art Satherley (96) dies in Fountyain Valley, CA

14

  • Edmund Rubbra (84) dies in Gerard’s Cross, Buckinghamshire
  • Erkki-Sven Tüür’s String Quartet premiered in Tallinn

15

  • Whitney Houston has the Billboard number one single for the first of two weeks with How Will I Know
  • Sade has the Billboard number one album for the first of two weeks with Promise

16

  • Colin Matthews’s String Quartet No.2 premiered in Stratford-upon-Avon

18

  • Nelson Cavaquinho (74) dies in Rio de Janeiro of emphysema
  • Louis Keppard (98) dies in New Orleans
  • David Diamond’s Concerto for flute and orchestra premiered in New Haven, CT
  • Philip Glass’s Phaedra for string orchestra premiered in Dallas

21

  • Charlotte Church born (Cardiff) Welsh pop and classical singer, broadcaster.
  • The Dead Kennedys play their final show in Davis, CA

25

  • The 28th Grammy Awards are held in Los Angeles. USA for Africa win record of the year for We Are the World and Phil Collins wins album of the year for No Jacket Required. Other winners include Sade, BB King, Wynton Marsalis, Whitney Houston, Aretha Franklin, Stevie Wonder, Tina Turner, Don Henley and Dire Straits

26

  • Peter Maxwell Davies’s Excuse Me for mezzo-soprano, flute, clarinet, violin, cello and percussion premiered in London

27

  • John Cage’s Improvisation A+B for voice, cello, trombone, percussion and clarinet premiered in Dallas

28

  • Robbie Basho (45) dies in Berkeley, CA in a freak accident at his chiropractor, when a whiplash manoeuvre triggers a fatal stroke
  • Otto Luening’s Symphonic Fantasia no.6 premiered in New York

releases

  • Bangles – Manic Monday / In a Different Light (Columbia)
  • Bodines – Therese / I Feel (Creation UK)
  • Kate Bush – Hounds of Love / The Handsome Cabin Boy (EMI)
  • Depeche Mode – Stripped / But Not Tonight (Mute)
  • Go-Betweens – Spring Rain / Life At Hand (Beggars Banquet UK)
  • Prince – Kiss / ♥ or $ (Paisley Park)
  • Swans – Time Is Money / Sealed In Skin (K422)
  • Television Personalities – How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb EP (Dreamworld UK)
  • Throwing Muses – Stand Up EP (Throwing Muses)
  • Wedding Present – Once More / At The Edge Of The Sea (Reception UK)
  • Afrika Bambaataa & the Soulsonic Force – Planet Rock: The Album (Tommy Boy)
  • Jackson Browne – Lives in the Balance (Asylum)
  • Chills – Kaleidoscope World (Creation UK) Recorded 1981-84. Compilation of early singles etc
  • Elvis Costello – King of America (F-Beat UK)
  • Janet Jackson – Control (A&M)
  • Laibach – Nova Akropola (Cherry Red UK)
  • Public Image Ltd – Album (Virgin UK)
  • Swans – Greed (K422)
  • Talk Talk – The Colour of Spring (EMI)
  • Violent Femmes – The Blind Leading the Naked (Slash)

Laibach – Nova Akropola

Mar

1

  • Richard Meale’s opera Voss premiered in Adelaide, lib. David Malouf

4

  • Howard Greenfield (49) dies in Los Angeles of AIDS
  • Richard Manuel (42) hangs himself in his hotel room after a show in Winter Park, FL

5

  • Peter Sculthorpe’s Burke and Wills Suite for brass band premiered in Adelaide

6

  • David Lang’s Spud for chamber orchestra premiered in St Paul, MN
  • Erkki-Sven Tüür’s Piano Sonata premiered in Tartu, Estonia

8

  • Whitney Houston has the Billboard number one album for the first of fourteen weeks over two runs with Whitney Houston
  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Maske for two pianos premiered in Badenweiler
  • Diana Ross has the UK number one single for the first of three weeks with Chain Reaction

11

  • Sonny Terry (74) dies in Mineola, NY

12

  • Einar Englund’s Symphony no.6 premiered in Helsinki

13

  • George Rochberg’s Symphony no.5 premiered in Chicago

14

  • Harrison Birtwistle’s Earth Dances for orchestra premiered in London

15

  • Luigi Nono’s Risonanze erranti a Massimo Cacciari for mezzo-soprano, flute, percussion and electronics premiered in Cologne
  • Joaquín Rodrigo’s Cántico de San Francisco de Asís for chorus and orchestra premiered in London
  • Charles Wuorinen’s Fanfare for the Houston Symphony premiered in Houston

17

  • Morton Subotnick’s Return: The Triumph of Reason for computer premiered in Los Angeles

22

  • Mark Dinning (52) dies in Jefferson City, MO following a heart attack

24

  • John Barry’s music for Sydney Pollack’s film Out of Africa wins the best original score Oscar at the 58th Academy Awards

25

  • Guns ‘n’ Roses sign to Geffen

28

  • Lady Gaga aka Staefani Germanotta  born (New York, NY) American pop singer, songwriter.

30

  • Robin Pecknold born () American folk and rock singer, songwriter, guitarist. Member of Fleet Foxes.
  • James Cagney (86) dies in Stanfordville, NY

31

  • O’Kelly Isley (48) dies in Alpine, NJ following a heart attack

releases

  • Art of Noise – Peter Gunn / Something Always Happens (China)
  • Big Audio Dynamite – E=MC² / This Is Big Audio Dynamite (Columbia)
  • David Bowie – Absolute Beginners (Virgin UK)
  • Dinosaur Jr – Repulsion / Bulbs Of Passion (Homestead)
  • Half Man Half Biscuit – The Trumpton Riots / All I Want for Christmas is a Dukla Prague Away Kit (Probe Plus UK)
  • Housemartins – Sheep / Drop Down Dead (Go Discs UK)
  • Mantronix – Bassline / mixes (Sleeping Bag)
  • New Order – Shellshock / Shellcock (Factory UK)
  • Pet Shop Boys – Love Comes Quickly / That’s My Impression (Parlophone UK)
  • Pogues – Poguetry In Motion EP (Stiff UK)
  • Queen – A Kind of Magic / A Dozen Red Roses for My Darling (EMI)
  • Replacements – Swingin’ Party / Left Of The Dial (Sire)
  • Style Council – Have You Ever Had It Blue / Mr. Cool’s Dream (Polydor)
  • Van Halen – Why Can’t This Be Love / Get Up (Warner Bros)
  • Depeche Mode – Black Celebration (Mute UK)
  • Steve Earle – Guitar Town (MCA)
  • Go-Betweens – Liberty Belle and the Black Diamond Express (Beggars Banquet UK)
  • Hüsker Dü – Candy Apple Grey (Warner Bros)
  • Metallica – Master Of Puppets (Elektra)
  • Pet Shop Boys – Please (Parlophone UK)
  • Prince – Parade (Paisley Park)
  • Rolling Stones – Dirty Work (Rolling Stones)
  • Sun City Girls – Grotto of Miracles (Placebo)
  • Triffids – Born Sandy Devotional (Mushroom Australia)

Metallica

Apr

3

  • Steve Reich’s Three Movements for orchestra premiered in St. Louis
  • John Tavener’s A Mini Song Cycle for Gina for soprano and piano premiered in London

4

  • John Adams’s Tromba lontana for orchestra premiered in Houston
  • Henry Cowell’s Concerto for harmonica and orchestra premiered in Brooklyn, NY
  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Abkehr for orchestra premiered in Zürich

5

  • Mauricio Kagel’s Aus dem Nachlass for viola, cello and bass premiered on WDR, Cologne

13

  • Dorothy Ashby (53) dies in Santa Monica, CA of cancer
  • Thea Musgrave’s Pierrot for clarinet, violin and piano premiered in Istanbul

15

  • John Cage’s But what about the noise of crumpling paper… premiered in Buffalo
  • György Ligeti’s Etude 1 from Études pour piano Book I premiered in Bratislava

18

  • Antonio Lauro (68) dies in Caracas
  • Conlon Nancarrow’s Piece for Small Orchestra No. 2 premiered in New York

19

  • Dag Wirén (80) dies in Stockholm
  • Estelle Yancey (90) dies in Chicago
  • George Michael has the UK number one single for the first of three weeks with A Different Corner
  • Prince has the Billboard number one single for the first of two weeks with Kiss

23

  • Harold Arlen (81) dies in New York of cancer

24

  • Alan Hovhaness’s Symphony no.60 To the Appalachian Mountains premiered in Knoxville, TN

26

  • Cliff Leeman (72) dies in New York
  • Van Halen have the Billboard number one album for the first of three weeks with 5150

27

  • David Del Tredici’s Child Alice premiered in New York

30

  • Hans-Jürgen von Bose’s opera Die Leiden des jungen Werthers premiered in Schwetzingen, Germany

releases

  • Kate Bush – The Big Sky / Not This Time (EMI)
  • Depeche Mode – A Question of Lust / Christmas Island (Mute)
  • Fingers Inc – Mystery of Love / mixes (DJ International)
  • Peter Gabriel – Sledgehammer / Don’t Break This Rhythm (Virgin UK)
  • Madonna – Live To Tell/ version (Sire)
  • George Michael – A Different Corner / instrumental (Epic)
  • Jamie Principle – Your Love / mixes (Persona)
  • Laurie Anderson – Home of the Brave (Warner Bros)
  • Art of Noise – In Visible Silence (China UK) 
  • Butthole Surfers – Rembrandt Pussyhorse (Touch & Go) 
  • Cocteau Twins – Victorialand (4AD UK)
  • Pat Metheny / Ornette Coleman – Song X (Geffen)
  • Siouxsie and the Banshees – Tinderbox (Polydor)
  • Test Department – The Unacceptable Face of Freedom (Ministry of Power UK)

Test Dept.

May

2

  • Dolly Parton opens the Dollywood theme park in Pigeon Forge, TN

5

  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Umriss for orchestra premiered in Berlin

7

  • Alfred Schnittke’s Cello Concerto no.1 premiered in Munich

8

  • Arthur Butterworth’s Symphony No.4 premiered in Manchester

10

  • Pet Shop Boys have the Billboard number one single for one week with West End Girls (only week)

11

  • Jonathan Lloyd’s Songs from the Other Shore for chamber ensemble premiered in London

14

  • Einojuhani Rautavaara’s Symphony No. 5 premiered in Helsinki
  • Benny Andersson, Björn Ulvaeus & Tim Rice’s musical Chess opens in London

16

  • Charles Wuorinen’s Double solo for horn, violin and piano premiered in New York

17

  • Whitney Houston has the Billboard number one single for the first of three weeks  with Greatest Love of All

18

  • John W. Bubbles (84) dies in New York
  • Andrzej Panufnik’s Bassoon Concerto premiered in Milwaukee

19

  • Jimmy Lyons (54) dies in New York from lung cancer

20

  • Clyde Bernhardt (80) dies in Newark, NJ

21

  • Harrison Birtwistle’s opera The Mask of Orpheus premiered in London, lib. Zinovieff

23

  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Unbenannt I for orchestra premiered in Munich

30

  • Hank Mobley (55) dies in Philadelphia of pneumonia
  • James Clarke’s Downstream premiered in Bath
  • Morton Feldman’s Coptic Light premiered in New York

31

  • Peter Gabriel has the UK number one album for the first of two weeks with So
  • Thea Musgrave’s Black Tambourine for chorus and piano premiered in Los Angeles

releases

  • Beastie Boys – Hold It, Now Hit It / Acapulco (Def Jam)
  • Jackson Browne – In the Shape Of A Heart / Voice Of America (Asylum)
  • Colourbox – Baby I Love You So / Looks Like We’re Shy One Horse (4AD UK)
  • Colourbox – The Official Colourbox World Cup Theme / Philip Glass (4AD UK)
  • Easterhouse – Inspiration / Johnny I Hardly Knew You (Rough Trade UK)
  • Felt – Ballad Of The Band / I Didn’t Mean To Hurt You (Creation UK)
  • Furniture – Brilliant Mind / To Gus (Stiff UK)
  • Go-Betweens – Head Full of Steam / Don’t Let Him Come Back / The Wrong Road (Beggars Banquet UK)
  • Housemartins – Happy Hour / The Mighty Ship (Go Discs UK)
  • It’s Immaterial – Driving Away From Home (Jim’s Tune) / Trains, Boats, Planes (Siren)
  • Primal Scream – Crystal Crescent / Velocity Girl (Creation UK)
  • Replacements – Kiss Me On The Bus / Little Mascara (Sire)
  • Smiths – Big Mouth Strikes Again / Money Changes Everything (Rough Trade UK)
  • Triffids – Wide Open Road / Time Of Weakness (Hot Australia)
  • Anita Baker – Rapture (Elektra)
  • Camberwell Now – The Ghost Trade (Ink UK)
  • Durutti Column – Circuses and Bread (Factory UK)
  • Peter Gabriel – So (Virgin UK)
  • Die Kreuzen – October File (Touch and Go)
  • Sonic Youth – EVOL (SST)
  • Le Mystère des Voix Bulgares (4AD UK) Recorded in 1975. Collection of Bulgarian choral folk recorded by Marcel Cellier and sung by the Bulgarian State Television Female Vocal Choir.

The Bulgarian State Television Female Vocal Choir

Jun

1

  • Hans Werner Henze’s Serenade for violin premiered in Bad Godesburg

2

  • Daniel Sternefeld (80) dies in Brussels
  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Verzeichnung-Studie for viola, cello and bass premiered on Insel Hombroich, Germany
  • Chou Wen-Chung’s Beijing in the Mist premiered in New York

3

  • Anna Neagle (81) dies in West Byfleet, Surrey of renal cancer

4

  • The Amnesty International supporting Conspiracy of Hope Tour kicks off in Daly City, CA featuring U2, Sting, Bryan Adams, Peter Gabriel, Lou Reed, Joan Baez and The Neville Brothers

6

  • Dick Rowe (64) dies in London of diabetes

7

  • Moritz Eggert’s Star Dog premiered in Oberursel, Germany
  • Madonna has the Billboard number one single for one week with Live to Tell

9

  • Alfred Schnittke’s Concerto for choir premiered in Moscow

10

  • Jerry Garcia lapses into a diabetic coma that lasts five days

11

  • Hans-Jürgen von Bose’s opera Chimäre premiered in Aachen
  • Alfred Schnittke’s Concerto for Mixed Choir premiered in Moscow

12

  • Arvo Pärt’s Fratres for string quartet premiered in London

13

  • Benny Goodman (77) dies in New York following a heart attack
  • John Adams’ Short Ride in a Fast Machine for orchestra premiered in Mansfield, MA

14

  • Alan Jay Lerner (67) dies in New York of lung cancer
  • Queen have the UK number one album for one week with A Kind Of Magic
  • Wolfgang Rihm’s String Quartet no.6 Blaubuch premiered in Frankfurt by the Arditti Quartett

15

  • Aulis Sallinen’s Kamarimusiikki III premiered in Naantali, Finland

16

  • Maurice Duruflé (84) dies in Louveciennes, France

17

  • Kate Smith (79) dies in Raleigh, NC
  • James MacMillan’s Two Visions of Hoy for oboe & sextet premiered in Manchester

20

  • (to 22nd) The 1986 Glastonbury Festival is held at Worthy Farm, Somerset featuring The Cure, The Waterboys, The Psychedelic Furs and Robert Cray

21

  • Peter Maxwell Davies’s Violin Concerto premiered in Kirkwall
  • Genesis have the UK number one album for the first of three weeks with Invisible Touch
  • Colin Matthews’s Divertimento premiered in Snape, Suffolk
  • John Tavener’s Panikhida for chorus premiered in London

22

  • Peter Maxwell Davies’s Jimmack the Postie for orchestra premiered in Kirkwall, Orkney
  • Tom Waits and Kathleen Brennan’s play Frank’s Wild Years premiered in Chicago
  • Isang Yun’s Mugung-Dong for winds, percussion and bass premiered in Hamburg

23

  • Peter Maxwell Davies’s House of Winter for chorus and vocal sextet premiered in Kirkwall, Orkney & Agnus Dei for two sopranos, viola and cello premiered in London
  • Oliver Knussen’s Frammenti da Chiara for choir premiered in London

27

  • Zoltán Gárdonyi (80) dies in Herford, Germany
  • Black Flag play their final show in Detroit

28

  • Wham! have the UK number one single for the first of two weeks with The Edge Of Heaven

30

  • David Lang’s By Fire for chorus premiered in London

releases

  • Eric B. & Rakim – Eric B. Is President / My Melody (Zakia)
  • Berlin – Take My Breath Away / Radar Radio (Columbia)
  • Billy Bragg – Levi Stubbs’ Tears // Think Again / Walk Away Renee (Go Discs UK)
  • Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds – The Singer / Running Scared (Mute UK)
  • Chameleons – Tears / Paradiso (Geffen UK)
  • Gwen Guthrie – Ain’t Nothin’ Goin’ On But The Rent / Passion Eyes (Polydor)
  • Madonna – Papa Don’t Preach / Pretender (Sire)
  • Lionel Richie – Dancing on the Ceiling / Love Will Find a Way (Motown)
  • Uzi – Sleep Asylum EP (Homestead)
  • Crowded House (EMI) recorded 1985-86
  • Dream Syndicate – Out of the Grey (Chrysalis)
  • Easterhouse – Contenders (Rough Trade UK)
  • Eurythmics – Revenge (RCA)
  • Genesis – Invisible Touch (Virgin UK)
  • Housemartins – London 0 Hull 4 (Go Discs)
  • Last Exit (Enemy) recorded live in Paris on 16 Feb 1986
  • Madonna – True Blue (Sire)
  • Mekons – The Edge of the World (Sin UK)
  • Queen – A Kind of Magic (EMI)
  • Smiths – The Queen Is Dead (Rough Trade UK)

The Triffids

Jul

1

  • Olivier Messiaen’s Livre du Saint Sacrement for organ premiered in Detroit

3

  • Curly Russell (69) dies in New York

4

  • Flor Peeters (83) dies in Antwerp
  • Iannis Xenakis’s A l’Ile de Gorée for 11 instruments premiered in Amsterdam

5

  • Janet Jackson has the Billboard number one albumfor the first of two weeks with Control

7

  • Aribert Reimann’s opera Troades premiered in Munich

10

  • David Matthews’s Three Studies premiered in London

12

  • Madonna has the UK number one album for the first of six weeks with True Blue and the UK number one single for the first of three weeks with Papa Don’t Preach
  • Simply Red have the Billboard number one single for one week with Holding Back the Years

19

  • Genesis have the Billboard number one single for one week with Invisible Touch
  • Wolfgang Rihm’s String Quartet no.7 Veränderungen premiered in London by the Kronos Quartet

20

  • Richard Barrett’s Anatomy premiered in Darmstadt
  • David Sawer’s Cat’s-eye premiered in London

23

  • Kazimierz Sikorski (91) dies in Warsaw
  • Morton Feldman’s For Christian Wolff for flute and piano premiered in Darmstadt

26

  • Peter Gabriel has the Billboard number one single for one week with Sledgehammer

31

  • Teddy Wilson (73) dies in New Britain, CT

releases

  • Marshall Jefferson – Move Your Body – House Music Anthem / mixes (DJ International)
  • Jesus & Mary Chain – Some Candy Talking EP (Blanco Y Negro UK)
  • Oran ‘Juice’ Jones – The Rain / Your Song (Def Jam)
  • Cyndi Lauper – True Colors / Heading for the Moon (Portrait)
  • Run DMC – Walk This Way / King Of Rock (Profile)
  • Smiths – Panic / Vicar In A Tutu (Rough Trade UK)
  • The The – Heartland / Born in the New SA (Epic)
  • Wedding Present – This Boy Can Wait / You Should Always Keep In Touch With Your Friends (Reception UK)
  • Bob Dylan – Knocked Out Loaded (Columbia)
  • Ministry – Twitch (Sire)
  • Van Morrison – No Guru, No Method, No Teacher (Mercury)
  • Run DMC – Raising Hell (Profile)
  • Scratch Acid – Just Keep Eating (Rabid Cat)
  • Spacemen 3 – Sound of Confusion (Glass UK)

Oran ‘Juice’ Jones – The Rain

Aug

2

  • Oliver Knussen’s Fanfares for Tanglewood for brass and percussion premiered in Tanglewood, MA
  • Isang Yun’s Rencontre for clarinet, harp and cello premiered in Hitzacker

7

  • Harrison Birtwistle’s opera Yan Tan Tethera premiered in London, lib. Harrison

10

  • Erik Bergman’s Etwas rascher for saxophone quartet premiered in Savonlinna, Finland

15

  • Krzysztof Penderecki’s opera Die schwarze Maske, lib. Penderecki and Kupfer after Hauptmann, premiered in Salzburg

16

  • Madonna has the Billboard number one album for the first of five weeks with True Blue and the Billboard number one single for the first of two weeks with Papa Don’t Preach

20

  • Thad Jones (53) dies in Copenhagen of cancer

22

  • Peter Sculthorpe’s Earth Cry for orchestra premiered in Adelaide

27

  • Jonathan Harvey’s Madonna of Winter and Spring for orchestra and electronics premiered in London
  • Hans Werner Henze’s Ode an eine Aolsharfe for guitar and fifteen instruments premiered in Lucerne
  • Isang Yun’s Flute Quartet premiered in Berlin

29

  • Hans Werner Henze’s Konzertstück for violin and small orchestra premiered in Frankfurt

30

  • Robin Holloway’s Romanza for oboe and strings premiered in Peterborough
  • Anthony Powers’s Darkness To Day premiered in Presteigne, Wales
  • Steve Winwood has the Billboard number one single for one week with Higher Love

releases

  • Bodines – Heard It All / Clear (Creation UK)
  • Bon Jovi – You Give Love a Bad Name / Raise Your Hands (Mercury)
  • Camper Van Beethoven – Take The Skinheads Bowling / Cowboys From Hollywood (Rough Trade UK)
  • Elvis Costello – Tokyo Storm Warning parts 1 and 2 (Imp UK)
  • Cutting Crew – (I Just) Died in Your Arms Tonight / For the Longest Time (Siren)
  • Depeche Mode – A Question of Time / Black Celebration (Mute)
  • Farley Jackmaster Funk – Love Can’t Turn Around (House)
  • Paul Simon – You Can Call Me Al / Gumboots (Warner Bros)
  • Bon Jovi – Slippery When Wet (Mercury) recorded 1986
  • Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds – Kicking Against the Pricks (Mute UK)
  • Coil – Horse Rotorvator (Force and Form UK)
  • Everything but the Girl – Baby, the Stars Shine Bright (Blanco Y Negro)
  • Kronos Quartet (Nonesuch)
  • Paul McCartney – Press to Play (Parlophone)
  • REM – Lifes Rich Pageant (IRS)
  • Stetsasonic – On Fire (Tommy Boy)

The Kronos Quartet

Sep

2

  • Billy Taylor, bassist (80) dies in Fairfax, VA
  • Pierre Boulez’s explosante-fixe for vibraphone and electronics premiered in Basel

4

  • Sofia Gubaidulina’s Stimmen Verstummen, a symphony in 12 movements premiered in Berlin

9

  • Magda Tagliaferro (93) dies in Rio de Janeiro
  • Witold Lutoslawski’s Fanfare for Louisville for orchestra premiered in Louisville, KY

10

  • Pepper Adams (55) dies in New York of lung cancer
  • Charles Wuorinen’s The Golden Dance for orchestra premiered in San Francisco

12

  • Per Nørgård’s Viola Concerto No.1 – Remembering Child premiered in St Paul, MN
  • Bertrand Tavernier’s film Round Midnight opens starring Dexter Gordon, François Cluzet and Herbie Hancock

13

  • Berlin have the Billboard number one single for one week with Take My Breath Away
  • Leonard Bernstein’s Jubilee Games premiered in New York

16

  • Einar Englund’s Concerto for Flute and Orchestra premiered in Helsinki

17

  • Elliott Carter’s String Quartet no.4 premiered in Miami

19

  • Iannis Xenakis’s Keren for trombone premiered in Strasbourg

20

  • Jean-Claude Risset’s Filtres IV for piano premiered in Paris

21

  • Mauricio Kagel’s Ein Brief for mezzo-soprano and orchestra premiered in Hamburg

27

  • Cliff Burton (24) dies in a tour bus crash in Ljungby, Sweden
  • Lionel Richie has the Billboard number one album for the first of two weeks with Dancing on the Ceiling
  • Andrew Lloyd Webber, Charles Hart & Richard Stilgoe’s musical The Phantom of the Opera opens in London

28

  • Tony Davis’s opera X, The Life and Times of Malcolm X, lib. Thulani Davis, premiered in New York (staged version)

30

  • Siegfried Matthus’s musical drama Die Liebesqualen des Catull premiered in Bratislava

releases

  • Black – Wonderful Life / Sometimes for the Asking (A&M)
  • Cameo – Word Up! / Urban Warrior (Mercury)
  • Chameleons – Swamp Thing / John I’m Only Dancing (Geffen UK)
  • Fall – Mr Pharmacist / Lucifer Over Lancashire (Beggars Banquet UK)
  • Bruce Hornsby – The Way It Is / The Red Plains (RCA)
  • Housemartins – Think For A Minute / Who Needs The Limelight (Go Discs UK)
  • New Order – State Of The Nation / Shame Of The Nation (Factory UK)
  • Pet Shop Boys – Suburbia / Paninaro (Parlophone UK)
  • REM – Fall On Me / Rotary Ten (IRS)
  • Swans – A Screw / Blackmail (K422)
  • Bhundu Boys – Shabini (DiscAfrique UK)
  • Big Black – Atomizer (Homestead)
  • Billy Bragg – Talking With the Taxman About Poetry (Go Discs)
  • Cameo – Word Up (Casablanca)
  • Chameleons – Strange Times (Geffen)
  • Elvis Costello – Blood & Chocolate (Demon UK)
  • Fall – Bend Sinister (Beggars Banquet UK)
  • Feelies – The Good Earth (Coyote)
  • Jon Hassell – Power Spot (ECM Germany) 
  • Iron Maiden – Somewhere in Time (EMI)
  • Cyndi Lauper – True Colors (Portrait)
  • New Order – Brotherhood (Factory UK)
  • Arthur Russell – World of Echo (Upside)
  • Paul Simon – Graceland (Warner Bros)
  • Skinny Puppy – Mind: The Perpetual Intercourse (Nettwerk Canada)
  • Swans – Holy Money (K422)
  • David Sylvian – Gone to Earth (Virgin UK)
  • This Mortal Coil – Filigree & Shadow (4AD UK)
  • Throwing Muses (4AD UK)

Throwing Muses

Oct

4

  • Alan Hovhaness’s Symphony no.61 premiered in Boise, ID
  • Paul Simon has the UK number one album for the first of eight weeks over two runs with Graceland

10

  • Priaulx Rainier (83) dies in Besse-en-Chandesse, France

11

  • Madonna has the UK number one single for one week with True Blue

15

  • Toru Takemitsu’s Gemeaux for oboe, trombone and two orchestras premiered in Edinburgh

16

  • Arthur Grumiaux (65) dies in Brussels following a stroke

17

  • Brian Ferneyhough’s Mnemosyne premiered in Donaueschingen

18

  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Was aber for 2 voices and orchestra premiered in Heidelberg

19

  • Moe Asch (80) dies in New York following a heart attack
  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Brahmsliebewalzer for piano premiered in Karlsruhe

23

  • György Ligeti’s Piano concerto (parts 1 and 3) premiered in Graz

24

  • Johnny Dyani (40) dies suddenly of a liver complaint on stage in Berlin
  • David Diamond’s Five Japanese Songs premiered in New York
  • Dmitri Shostakovich’s Moderato for cello premiered in Hamburg
  • Iannis Xenakis’s Horos for orchestra premiered in Tokyo

25

  • Bon Jovi have the Billboard number one album for the first of eight weeks over two runs with Slippery When Wet
  • Peter Maxwell Davies’s A Grace for voice(s) and instrument premiered in Chester
  • Cyndi Lauper has the Billboard number one single for the first of two weeks with True Colors

27

  • David Matthews’s Aria for Violin and Piano premiered in London
  • Michael Nyman’s opera The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat premiered in London. Lib. Christopher Rawlence after Oliver Sacks

28

  • William Schuman’s cantata On Freedom’s Ground premiered in New York

31

  • George Lloyd’s Symphony no.11 premiered in New York

releases

  • Bon Jovi – Livin’ on a Prayer / Wild in the Streets (Mercury)
  • Kate Bush – Experiment IV / Wuthering Heights (EMI)
  • Cocteau Twins – Love’s Easy Tears EP (4AD UK)
  • Peter Gabriel & Kate Bush – Don’t Give Up / In Your Eyes (Virgin UK)
  • Kraftwerk – Musique Non Stop (EMI UK)
  • McCarthy – Red Sleeping Beauty / From The Damned (Pink UK)
  • Madonna – True Blue / Ain’t No Big Deal (Sire)
  • Carly Simon – Coming Around Again / Itsy Bitsy Spider (Arista)
  • Smiths – Ask / Cemetry Gates (Rough Trade UK)
  • Swing Out Sister – Breakout / Dirty Money (Mercury)
  • A-ha – Scoundrel Days (Warner Bros)
  • Big Audio Dynamite – No. 10, Upping St. (Columbia)
  • Men They Couldn’t Hang – How Green Is My Valley (MCA UK)
  • Ennio Morricone – The Mission OST (Virgin)
  • Colin Newman – Commercial Suicide (Crammed Belgium)
  • Oyster Band – Step Outside (Cooking Vinyl UK)
  • Slayer – Reign in Blood (Def Jam)
  • Slovenly – Thinking of Empire (SST)
  • SPK – Zamia Lehmanni : Songs of Byzantine Flowers (Side Effects UK)
  • Richard Thompson – Daring Adventures (Polydor UK)
  • Volcano Suns – All Night Lotus Party (Homestead)
  • XTC – Skylarking (Virgin)

Slayer – Reign in Blood

Nov

1

  • Sippie Wallace (88) dies in Detroit following a stroke
  • Boston have the Billboard number one album for the first of four weeks with Third Stage

3

  • Eddie ‘Lockjaw’ Davis (64) dies in Los Angeles

5

  • Bobby Nunn (61) dies in Los Angeles of heart failure

6

  • Charles Wuorinen’s Trombone Trio premiered in New York

7

  • Tracy Pew (28) dies in Melbourne of a brain haemorrhage caused by injuries sustained during an epileptic seizure
  • Jacob Druckman’s Lamia premiered in St Paul, MN

8

  • Beatrice Kay (79) dies in Los Angeles following a series of strokes
  • Berlin have the UK number one single for the first of four weeks with Take My Breath Away
  • Boston have the Billboard number one single for the first of two weeks with Amanda

10

  • Gavin Bryars’s Sub Rosa premiered in Ghent
  • Charles Wuorinen’s Fanfare for Rutgers University for brass sextet premiered in Meadowlands, NJ

11

  • Gian Carlo Menotti’s opera Goya premiered in Washington, DC, lib. Menotti

13

  • Wolfgang Rihm’s oratorio Dies for solo voices, chorus, organ and orchestra premiered in Vienna
  • Iannis Xenakis’s Keqrops for piano and orchestra premiered in New York
  • isang Yun’s Symphony no.4 Im Dunkeln singen premiered in Tokyo

14

  • Jean-Claude Éloy’s Anâhata premiered in Bordeaux

15

  • Alexandre Tansman (89) dies in Paris

16

  • George Crumb’s An Idyll for the Misbegotten premiered in Toronto
  • Peter Maxwell Davies’s Sea Runes for chorus and vocal sextet premiered in New York

17

  • Péter Eötvös’s Chinese Opera for orchestra premiered in Paris
  • Zygmunt Krauze’s Symphonie parisienne premiered in Paris

18

  • Lajos Bárdos (87) dies in Budapest

20

  • John Casken’s Salamandra premiered in Huddersfield
  • Morton Feldman’s Palais De Mari for piano premiered in New York

21

  • John Cage’s Voiceless Essay  for tape premiered in San Francisco

22

  • Scatman Crothers (76) dies in Los Angeles of lung cancer
  • Steve Reich’s Salute for orchestra premiered in Houston

24

  • Philip Glass’s Songs from Liquid Days premiered in New York

28

  • Isang Yun’s Li-Na im Garten for violin premiered in Berlin

29

  • Bon Jovi have the Billboard number one single for one week with You Give Love a Bad Name
  • Bruce Springsteen has the Billboard number one album for the first of seven weeks with Live 1975-85

releases

  • Age Of Chance – Kiss / Crush Collision (Fon UK)
  • Beastie Boys – It’s The New Style / Paul Revere (Def Jam)
  • Billy Bragg – Greetings To The New Brunette // Deportees / The Tatler (Go Discs UK)
  • Ciccone Youth – Into The Groove / Burnin’ Up (Blast First UK)
  • Housemartins – Caravan Of Love / When I First Met Jesus (Go Discs UK)
  • Madonna – Open Your Heart / White Heat (Sire)
  • New Order – Bizarre Love Triangle / Bizarre Dub Triangle (Factory UK)
  • Pierce Turner – Wicklow Hills / Everybody Loves a Virgin (In Their Past) (Beggars Banquet UK)
  • Bad Brains – I Against I (SST)
  • Beastie Boys – Licensed to Ill (Def Jam)
  • Budd Fraser Guthrie & Raymonde – The Moon and the Melodies (4AD UK)
  • Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds – Your Funeral … My Trial (Mute UK)
  • Ornette Coleman & Prime Time – Opening The Caravan Of Dreams (Caravan Of Dreams) recorded live in Fort Worth, TX in Sep 1983
  • Dead Kennedys – Bedtime for Democracy (Alternative Tentacles)
  • fIREHOSE – Ragin’, Full-On (SST)
  • Peter Hammill – And Close as This (Virgin UK)
  • Kraftwerk – Electric Café (EMI UK)
  • Sepultura – Morbid Visions (Cogumelo Brazil)
  • Bruce Springsteen – Live 1975-85 (Columbia) Recorded live in various locations between 18 Oct 1975 and 30 Sep 1985. 3xCD / 5xLP box set
  • The The – Infected (Some Bizzare)
  • Triffids – In the Pines (Hot Australia)
  • Jennifer Warnes – Famous Blue Raincoat: The Songs of Leonard Cohen (Cypress)

Beastie Boys

Dec

1

  • Lee Dorsey (59) dies in New Orleans of emphysema
  • Horace Heidt (85) dies in Los Angeles

2

  • Desi Arnaz (69) dies in Del Mar, CA of lung cancer
  • Paul Bascomb (74) dies in Chicago

5

  • Jonathan Lloyd’s One Step More for flute, oboe, harpsichord and cello premiered in Bracknell, Berks

8

  • John Cage’s Etcetera 2/4 Orchestras premiered in Tokyo

10

  • Frederick Delius’s Appalachia: American Rhapsody for orchestra premiered in London
  • Witold Lutoslawski’s Chain 3 for orchestra premiered in San Francisco

12

  • Hans Werner Henze’s Sieben Liebeslieder for cello and orchestra premiered in Cologne
  • The Smiths play their final gig at the Brixton Academy in London

13

  • Hans Werner Henze’s Zwölf kleine Elegien for Renaissance instruments premiered in Cologne
  • Bruce Hornsby & the Range have the Billboard number one single for one week with The Way It Is

15

  • Leonard Bernstein’s Opening Prayer for baritone and orchestra premiered in New York
  • Iannis Xenakis’s Akea for piano and string quartet premiered in Paris

17

  • Wolfgang Rihm’s Aufzeichnung: Dämmerung und Umriss for orchestra premiered in Freiburg

19

  • Richard Danielpour’s Symphony no.2 ‘Visions’ premiered in San Francisco

20

  • The Bangles have the Billboard number one single for the first of four weeks with Walk Like an Egyptian
  • The Housemartins have the UK number one single for one week with Caravan Of Love

21

  • Charles Koechlin’s ballet Voyages: film dansé premiered in Kassel

27

  • Lars-Erik Larsson (78) dies in Helsingborg, Sweden

29

  • John Antill (82) dies in Sydney

releases

  • Beastie Boys – Fight For Your Right / Paul Revere (Def Jam)
  • Fall – Hey Luciani / Entitled (Beggars Banquet UK)
  • Steve Silk Hurley – Jack Your Body (DJ International)
  • Paul Simon – Graceland / Hearts and Bones (Warner Bros)
  • Steinski & Mass Media – We’ll Be Right Back (Fourth & Broadway UK)
  • Gavin Bryars – Three Viennese Dancers (ECM Germany)
  • Harold Budd – Lovely Thunder (Editions EG UK)
  • Holger Czukay – Rome Remains Rome (Virgin UK)
  • Miles Davis – Tutu (Warner Bros)
  • Minutemen – Ballot Result (SST) Recorded live in various locations between Sep 1980 and Nov 1985. Live compilation with songs selected by fans
  • NoMeansNo – Sex Mad (Alternative Tentacles)
  • Karlheinz Stockhausen – Klavierstücke I-XI (Wergo Germany)
  • Yo La Tengo – Ride the Tiger (Twin Tone)
  • John Zorn – The Big Gundown (Nonesuch)

Harold Budd b.1936

date unknown

releases

  • Muzsikás – Nem arról hajnallik, amerről hajnallott (Hungaroton Hungary)
  • Karlheinz Stockhausen – Invisible Choirs (Deutsche Grammophon Germany)

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