14th Century

<13th Century … 15th Century>

* = approximate date

1300

  • *Giovanni da Cascia born (Florence) Italian composer of madrigals. Died c.1350
  • *Lorenzo da Firenze aka Lorenzo Masi born (Florence?) Italian composer, teacher. Died 1372
  • *Guillaume de Machaut born (Rheims) French poet, composer, cleric. Writer of the Messe de Nostre Dame, the first polyphonic setting of the Mass by a single composer. Died 1377
  • *Folquet de Lunel (c. 56) dies
  • *Johannes de Grocheio’s treatise Ars Musicae written
  • *Petrus de Cruce composes his Petronian motets
  • *The Manuscrit du Roi [Manuscript of Kings] compiled containing over 600 songs written in the 12th and 13th centuries
  • *The Montpellier Codex compiled (possibly in Paris) containing 336 polyphonic works
  • *The Rondeau form develops
Guillaume de Machaut (c.1300-1377)

Guillaume de Machaut (c.1300-1377)

1304

  • May 23 Jehan de Lescurel (c. 30) hanged in Paris (disputed – may not be same person)
  • The Codex Manesse written in Zürich, a compilation of works by 140 Minnesänger, each represented by an illuminated miniature.

1310

  • *Peire de Ladils born (Toulouse) French troubador. Died c.1355
  • The chansonnier known as troubadour MS P compiled in Lombardy.
  • *Ars Antiqua period ends and Ars Nova period begins

1314

  • Gervais du Bus’s (dates unknown) allegorical poem Roman de Fauvel written in Paris. It is later set to music by Philippe de Vitry

1315

  • *Jacopo da Bologna born (Bologna) Italian composer of madrigals. Died c.1365

1316

  • *Walter Odington’s (dates unknown) work on musical theory De Speculatione Musices written in Evesham (some sources date it as early as 1300)

1317

  • *Marchetto da Padova writes the treatise Lucidarium in arte musice plane (an encyclopaedia)

1318

  • Nov 29 Heinrich Frauenlob (c. 68) dies in Mainz
  • *Marchetto da Padova writes the treatise Pomerium in arte musice mensurate (on music mensuration)

1320

  • *Donato da Cascia born (Cascia, Italy) Italian composer of madrigals, priest. Died c.1370
  • *Gherardello da Firenze born (Florence?) Italian composer, priest, Benedictine monk. Died c.1363
  • *Nicole Oresme born (Fleury-sur-Orne, France) French theologian, philosopher, polymath, Bishop of Lisieux, scientist. Wrote the first proof on the divergence of the harmonic series. Died 1382
  • *Johannes de Garlandia (c. 70) dies
  • *Johannes de Grocheio (c.65) dies
  • *Marchetto da Padova (c. 45) dies, probably in Naples
  • Jean de Muris writes the Ars novae musicae treatise

1322

  • Pope John XXII forbids the use of counterpoint in church music
  • *Philippe de Vitry writes the Ars Nova treatise

1324

  • *Raimon de Cornet’s Doctrinal de trobar [doctrines of composition] written
  • Guillaume de Machaut’s motet Bone Pastor Guillerme, Bone Pastor qui pastores premiered in Rheims
  • Pope John XXII issues the Papal Bull Docta Sanctorum Patrum condemning many elements of ‘modern’ polyphony

1325

  • *Francesco Landini born (Florence?) Italian composer of ballate and madrigals, organist, singer, organ builder. Blind from childhood due to smallpox. Died 1397
  • Amir Khusrow (73) dies in Delhi
  • *Organ pedals come into use
  • *The Tournai Mass, the oldest polyphonic Mass still extant, written. It is a compilation of the work of a number of composers

1335

  • *Johannes Ciconia born (Liege) Flemish composer, music theorist. Wrote both sacred and secular music and two works of theory: Nova Musica and De Proportionibus. Died 1412

1340

  • Apr Guillaume de Machaut appointed canon of Reims Cathedral
  • *Bartolino da Padova born (Padua) Italian composer of ballate and madrigals. Died c.1405
  • *Niccolò da Perugia born (Perugia) Italian composer of  madrigals and ballate. Died c.1400
  • *Petrus de Cruce (c. 80) dies
  • *Raimon de Cornet (c. 50) dies
  • *Jacob of Liege (dates unknown) writes the largest surviving medieval work on music, Speculum Musicae [The Mirror of Music]

1341

  • Guillaume de Marchaut’s narrative poem Le Remède de Fortune [The Cure of Ill Fortune] written

1346

  • Eustache Deschamps born (Vertus, France) French poet, satirist. Wrote the treatise Art de Dicter. Died 1406

1349

  • The Second Geisslerlieder outbreak occurs following the Black Death (see also 1258)
Medieval flagellants around the time of the Black Death

Medieval flagellants around the time of the Black Death

1350

  • *Zacara da Teramo born (Teramo, Italy) Italian composer, singer, papal secretary. Wrote both sacred and secular music. Died c.1415
  • *Záviš ze Zap born (Prague) Bohemian theologian, composer. Died c.1411
  • *Giovanni da Cascia (c.50) dies in Verona, probably of the black death
  • *Maestro Piero (c. 60) dies in Verona, probably of the black death
  • Jacopo da Bologna’s musical setting of Petrach’s Non al suo amante composed
  • *The Barcelona Mass written, probably by more than one composer

1351

  • Jan 4th Philippe de Vitry appointed Bishop of Meaux
  • Jean de Muris (c. 60) dies in Paris

1355

  • *Paolo da Firenze born (Florence?) Italian composer of ballate and madrigals, music theorist, Benedictine monk. Died 1436
  • *Peire de Ladils (c. 45) dies

1357

  • Hugo von Montfort born (Bruck an der Mur, Austria) Austrian politician, poet, minnesinger. Died 1423

1360

  • *Andrea da Firenze born (Florence?) Italian composer of ballate, organist, organ builder, Servite monk. Died 1415
  • *John Kukuzelis (c. 80) dies
  • *Guillaume de Machaut’s Hoquetus David written, his only surviving instrumental composition
  • *The Robertsbridge Codex written in Robertsbridge, Sussex containing 6 pieces including the earliest surviving music written specifically for keyboard

1361

  • Jun 9 Philippe de Vitry (69) dies in Paris

1363

  • *Gherardello da Firenze (c. 42) dies

1364

  • *Guillaume de Machaut’s La Messe De Nostre Dame written

1365

  • Jacopo da Bologna (c. 50) dies in Bologna

1370

  • *Antonio da Cividale born (Cividale del Friuli, Italy) Italian composer, Dominican monk. Died 1421
  • *Donato da Cascia (c. 50) dies
  • *Rossi Codex compiled in Italy containing 37 secular works (madrigals, canons and ballate). The only two identifiable composers are Maestro Piero and Giovanni da Cascia

1372

  • Dec Lorenzo da Firenze (c. 70) dies in Florence

1375

  • *Nicolas Grenon born (Paris) French composer, teacher, choirmaster. Died 1456
  • *Leonel Power born (Kent) English composer of masses and motets, teacher, choirmaster. Died 1445

1377

  • Apr 13 Guillaume de Machaut (c. 77) dies in Rheims
  • May 2 Oswald von Wolkenstein born (Puster Valley, Austria) Austrian poet, composer, diplomat. Died 1445
  • François Andrieu’s ballade Armes amours / O flour des flours composed on the death of Guillaume de Machaut. Nothing else is known about the composer
  • *Ars Nova period ends

1380

  • *Baude Cordier born (Rheims) French composer, harpist. Died c.1440
  • *Bartolomeo da Bologna born (Bologna) Italian composer, organist, Benedictine monk. Died c.1430
  • *Pierre Fontaine born (Rouen) French composer of chansons, singer. Died c.1450
  • *Guillaume Legrant aka Lemacherier born (Bourges?, France) French composer, singer, chaplain. Died c.1450

1382

  • Jul 11 Nicole Oresme (c.60) dies in Lisieux, France

1390

  • *John Dunstable (or Dunstaple) born (Dunstable, Bedfordshire) English composer, mathematician, astronomer. Surviving works include two masses, 12 motets and around 40 other religious pieces. Died 1453
John Dunstable - Sweet Harmony: Motets and Masses (Naxos 8557341)

John Dunstable – Sweet Harmony: Motets and Masses (Naxos 8557341)

1391

  • Zacara da Teramo appointed secretary to pope Boniface IX, a post he holds through the papacies of Innocent VII and Gregory XII until his death

1392

  • Nov 25 Eustache Deschamps completes and autographs the treatise Art de Dicter et de Fere Chancons [The art of poetry and making songs]

1397

  • Aug 5 Guillaume Dufay born (Beersel, Belgium) Flemish composer, music theorist. Composer of 7 Masses and 28 Mass movements, 27 hymns, 22 motets, 35 other religious works and 87 chansons. Died 1474
  • Sep 2 Francesco Landini (c. 72) dies in Florence

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